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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 48. 

Elgin, 111., January 2, 1909. 

No. 1. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. No one is to refer to his crime to bring reproach 

torial, — upon him or-his family. Christ urges upon us gentle 

§vS'iand e (a n L th M.) Cen, : U ^'. . '. '.'.V. '. '. '. '. " V. I '. V. '.'. "-'" :io treatment of prisoners, to visit them, etc. Well might 

a Look Forward (i-L e. b.) .10 we ^j^te the Christian spirit incarnated in the laws 

One Reason for Opposing a Salary, or a Salaried Mm- * 

istry (G-. M.) n of Japan. 

lays, — " 

stand Fast in the Faith. By otho winger 2 Renewed hostilities against the Tews have broken 

Salvation Gained and Kept. By Andrew Hutchison. ..2 » •» 

The college Man's sabbath. By John w. Wayiand, ... 2 out in Finland. Influenced by the Russian authorities, 

creSf \P£ e ° n rrl%Jl ^?. i^* . ! ! ! ! : : : : : : : : '. I «* Finnish legislature has issued a proclamation, ac- 

Don't . Forget to Remember the Poor. By H. w. cording to which Jews are prohibited from slaughter- 

Strlckler 4 . & . J p , . & 

We Are Christian Workers. By Flossie E. Kmef, 4 ln g animals according to their ritual. At many 

The Best Insurance. By Wm. Mohler 5 - - . . . ,.' 

One Thing Thou Lackest. By Elizabeth Miller 5 places the Jews are turned out of their homes, which, 

Were They Dead With Christ? By David M. Adams.. . 5 at &h t j me q£ th( , y ^ ^^ the . country is coverecl 

e Bound Table,— „„„»,„„ with snow and ice, inflicts unusual hardships upon the 

The New Tear. — Mary F. Habecker. A Suggestion. — ' 1* V 

A. Hutchison. Rotten at the Heart.— John woodard. people. It seems to be the settled policy of Russia 

Are TOU Fragrant?— Geo. F. Chemberlen. The Breth- r r ' ' 

ren Hymnal —J H Miller. Another instance of God's to exterminate the Jews in all parts of the empire. 

Care.-Emra T. Flke. Sal»»ng on the StreeWas. ^ They ^ partia , Iy restra ; ned £ rom carrying OUt this 

me ana FamUy, P^ an by tne watchful care of the leading powers, 

Broken stairways. — Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. A Pi- which are determined that outrages and attacks upon 

oneer Sister. — George C. Carl, " , ■ T 

the Jews must cease. 

Hsionary Department, — 

The Tithe Law a Thermometer. The Midweek Prayer 

Meeting. The Noble Choice of a Hindoo Lady. How In some things, perhaps, the heathen can teach US 

Tracts Were Used by the Malay Merchant. Grit as jji e-T>l<.I_T.. T?ri 

well as Grace. From umalla, India.— d. J. Lichty,...ii much needed lessons. Sir Robert Hart, an Enghsh- 

~ man who has spent his life in China, and who has a 

A R O UN D THE WO RLD thorough knowledge of the field, says there is no such 

vwwwwsw . — ~~~~~.~~~ ~ w-~~~~~~ — » thing as a " yellow peril," that the Chinaman does 

A conspicuous feature of the Alaska- Yukon Paci- not dream of conquered provinces. Mr. Hart says 
■ Exposition, to be held at Seattle, Wash., next sum- that the despised Chinaman has the old-fashioned 
er will be the entire absence of intoxicating liquors, sentiment that the question of right should decide all 
-an unprecedented experience for American exposi- differences of opinion. Taking this as the basis of 
3ns. The buildings are located on part of the cam- settling international difficulties, why should any 
is of the University of Washington, and there is country be willing to fight? Mr. Hart believes that 
State law which forbids the selling of liquor with- if China is ever " westernized," it will not be to over- 
two miles of the college grounds. The managers run the world. On the contrary she will be so much 
: the proposed exposition assert that they antici- opposed to militarism as to do everything to satisfy 
ite no loss by the absence pf liquor on the grounds, the aggressor, in the aim to put an end to wars, 
hey believe that the better elements of the nation will 

; heartily in favor of the proposed plan and give it A most disastrous earthquake— accompanied by 

eir united support enormous tidal waves that inundated the cities along 

. . the seashore, — overwhelmed part of the island of 

Following closely upon the departure of Cipriano Sicily, and most of the province of Calabria, in the 

astro the President of Venezuela, to take medical southern part of Italy, Dec. 28. At date of this writing 

eatment at Berlin, Germany, comes the announce- (Dec. 29) the loss of life has not been fully computed, 

ent that Juan Vicente Gomez, the " Acting " Presi- but is estimated as being 20,000 or more. The island 

•nt has taken charge of affairs, and has now sup- of Sicily, southwest of Italy, and separated from the 

anted his former chief as President of the Republic, mainland by the narrow Strait of Messina, was perhaps 

was a " bloodless revolution " that brought about most severely affected, most of the disturbances seem- 

lis change of presidents, but it is hailed with de- ingly radiating from the noted volcano, Mt. Etna. The 

^ht by the various nations, interested in the adjust- city of Messina, with a population of 150,000, was over- 

ient of claims held by their respective subjects, whelmed by an immense tidal wave, which swept away 

(eretofore it was impossible to secure settlement of three-fourths of the place. 'Other cities both in Sicily 

gal claims, which, it is hoped, will be remedied under and Calabria also suffered severely, but accurate de- 

le new administration. Already Holland has with- ta ;[ s canno t be given until later. The King of Italy is 

rawn its war fleet from the coasts of Venezuela, giving his personal attention to the work of relief and 

ith this assurance. Due recognition is being ac- rescue . 
urded the new President by the various nations 

irough their representatives at Caracas. After all, the best orphans' home is not the large, 

. . imposing structure that shelters hundreds of unfor- 

In adopting various features of civilization, Japan tunate waifs and outcasts, but it is the humble home of 

Iso introduced the jail and other penal institutions, large-hearted and loving people who take in the little 

tit the prison system of Japan has worked no better strangers and rear them to noble and useful lives, 

lan here. It shuts a man behind the bars, degrades In this field of child-saving the Emigration Branch 

im most of the time of his incarceration, and fre- of the Children's Aid Society, of New York, has 

uently turns him out again worse than when he done a marvelous work of practical benevolence. Dur- 

ntered, to be branded with the mark of a criminal ing the last twenty years 50,000 children have been 

l his forehead, and to be shunned and hated by his transferred from the charitable institutions of New 

:llow-men. While a few charitable persons endeavor York to comfortable homes in the West. Most en- 

) help released convicts, society, as a rule, turns a couraging is the report that nearly ninety per cent 

3ld shoulder. Not so Japan. It has amended its f the children have done well in their new homes, and 

enal code by providing that punishment shall be full many of them are filling responsible positions. Work 

xpiation and, when the convict has served his term of this kind is already in practical operation,— though 

f confinement, his offense is wiped out. No one on a small scale— in the various districts of our 

lay ostracize him because of his crime; he cannot church. It should be encouraged. "God setteth the 

e refused employment because he has been a convict ; solitary in families." We cannot improve on that 

e is not to be discharged except for other cause, plan. 

It is hoped that much good may result from the 
new, two-cent postage rate between Germany and the 
United States, which went into effect Jan. 1, 1909. 
While there will be a considerable saving to the mil- 
lions of Germans in this country, it is expected that 
there will be, also, a considerable increase in the 
amount of correspondence, so that there will not be 
any great loss in receipts, because of the lower rate. 
Better than all else will be the added business and 
social relations, doubtless developed by the low rate 
of postage. Anything which has a tendency to bring 
about a better understanding between men and nations, 
will eventually result in cementing ties of mutual 
respect for each other, and the bringing about of 
world-wide peace. 

Even secular papers are sweepingly condemning 
the " five-cent theaters," now so prevalent everywhere. 
These places of cheap entertainment are springing 
up like mushrooms in the various cities and towns, 
and " the people have become nickel theater crazy," 
as one paper puts it. The papers everywhere deplore 
the low tone of the pictures in the average show. 
Amusement and not uplift seems to be the controlling 
idea of the picture makers. Sometimes the tendency 
to immoral thoughts is very pronounced, and many 
of the recent convictions before our police courts 
can be readily traced to these moving picture shows. 
If secular papers feel constrained to voice a note of 
alarm, it is high time for professing Christians to 
bestir themselves. Let there be clear-cut utterances 
against this growing evil ! 

Emperor William, of Germany, has been living 
in close retirement since his indiscreet utterances, 
some weeks ago, for which he was so severely cen- 
sured by the people of his own country, as well as by 
surrounding nations. The lack of definite informa- 
tion, on the part of the officials in touch with the Em- 
peror, lias suggested all sorts of rumors, not the least 
of which is the one that the monarch is no longer 
mentally sound. On the other hand there is a well- 
authenticated announcement, direct from the court 
officials, that the Emperor, owing to ill health, has 
given up the use of alcoholic stimulants. This is, 
undoubtedly, a wise decision, tending to his personal 
benefit, as well as furnishing a splendid example for 
the beer-drinking German nation. Likely his naturally 
buoyant nature will eventually restore the Emperor 
to his usual health again. He will, however, never 
forget the disciplinary lesson impressed upon him. It 
will have a restraining influence upon him and all his 

Once more the scientist has been making his calcu- 
lations on the available coal supply. Casting his 
trained eye over the Pennsylvania coal lands, he con- 
cludes that the supply of anthracite, or hard coal, will 
be exhausted before the close of the present century. 
Heretofore mining and consumption of coal have 
been carried on with a total disregard of economy. A 
reckless waste has characterized the utilization of 
many of our choicest national resources. Forests 
have been depleted, and oil and natural gas have been 
used extravagantly. Either a different course must 
be pursued, insuring wise conservation and preserva- 
tion of the available resources, or the temperate zone 
will become depopulated, and industries will cease. 
However, it is thought that the further development 
of electricity, in its varied applications to the in- 
dustries, the home, etc., will prove an excellent sub- 
stitute, when once we have learned fully to utilize 
the large amount of unused water power, by harness- 
ing it to produce the needed electric current for light, 
heat and power. 




THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 


"Study to show thyself approved unto God, n workman that needeth n 
to be ashamed, rightly djv-idinu Uie Word of Truth. 

Come, let us anew our journey pursue, 
Roll round with the year, 
"And never stand still till the Master appear. 
His adorable will let us gladly fulfill, 

And our talents improve, 
By the patience of hope, and the labor of love. 

Our life is a dream; our time as a stream. 

Glides swiftly away, 
And the "fugitive moment refuses to stay. 
The arrow is flown, the moment is gone; 

The millennial year 
Rushes on to our view, and eternity's here. 

that each in the day of his coming may say, 

" I have fought my way through; 

1 have finished the work thou didst give me to do." 
O that each from his Lord may receive the glad word, 

"Well and faithfully done! 
Enter into my joy and sit down on my. throne!" 

— Charles Wesley. 


If one compares the present drift of current theolog- 
ical thought with that of a generation ago, there does 
seem, indeed, real cause for grave apprehension and 
gloomy forebodings of what the future may bring. A 
great majority of theological schools are thoroughly in 
sympathy with " higher criticism." It is no uncommon 
thing for the pastor of some prominent congregation 
to announce to his flock his disbelief in some of the 
cardinal doctrines of Christianity. This is becoming 
so frequent that we are not so much surprised as we 
were some years ago. But lately this matter has been 
brought home very forcibly to certain of our own 
members, whose children have gone to popular schools 
where evolutionary ideas hold sway. Many of these 
children have taken up with the new doctrines and 
have drifted away from the faith of their fathers. 

The question has been asked, why it is that such 
teaching so affects young men. Having spent several 
years in study with men of this kind, the writer has 
observed a few of the insidious means whereby a 
young man is led astray. Our modern university study 
is claimed to be on strictly scientific lines. " My faith 
goes just as far as my eyes can see," is the way the 
president of one of the largest universities in the 
United States once put it. A little observation, how- 
ever, shows that even scientists do not adhere to this 
method strictly. Evidently scientists do not all see cor- 
rectly, for the greatest of them contradict each 
other. The conflict between Darwin and Weisman, on 
hereditary transmission, is well known; and just re- 
cently a great scientist declared that Darwin's reasons 
for the variegated colors of animals was all wrong. 
A book on science that is popular today is likely to be 
entirely out of date by another decade. Even the 
greatest scientists only catch glimpses of the most pro- 
found truths and, in order to make their theories com- 
plete, they fill in with speculative material that requires 
faith to accept. It seems to me that it requires more 
faith to accept Darwin's explanation of the origin of 
nature, than to accept that simple yet grand declara- 
tion, " In the beginning God created the heaven and 
the earth." 

The young man, who falls under the influence of 
evolutionary philosophy and higher criticism in the- 
ology, is asked to drop faith out of the question. Then 
he is led from one point of speculation to another, but 
he finds no rest for his weary feet. In any line of in- 
vestigation he can go so far and then, if he is honest, 
he must admit that human reasoning has its limita- 
tions. Happy, indeed, is that person who preserves his 
honesty and good common sense, for a thorough real- 
ization of the limitation of man will bring him back to 
a greater faith in God. As Bacon once declared, "A 
little learning tendeth a man toward atheism but depth 
of philosophy bringeth him back to religion." 

The sad truth, however, is this, that most young men 
who have been brought up in the simple, trusting faith 
of the Gospel, when once stung by the artful deception, 
never get back to their moorings, but drift about as 

hopeless wrecks on the sea of speculation and doubt, 
with no anchor for the soul, and no peace of mind. 
Hence the great importance of young men and women 
being under the guidance of those who are rooted and 
grounded in that faith that clings to the eternal truths 
of God's Word. 

This is not the first period when skeptical teachings 
abounded. Thomas refused to believe in his Lord's 
resurrection until he could see the prints of the nails, 
and dirust his hand in the pierced side. Paul told 
Timothy that perilous times would come; that men 
would not endure sound doctrine but rather listen to 
fables. The early church fathers battled heroically 
against heresies concerning Christ's divinity, his im- 
maculate conception, the efficacy of the atonement, the 
work of the Holy Spirit, the immortality of Hie human 
soul and the resurrection of the body. 

During the mediaaval era many prominent church- 
men denied one or more of these important teachings. 
Europe, during the eighteenth century, was well sup- 
plied with men, who not only denied the divinity of 
Christ, but even the existence of God. Voltaire is said 
to have declared that, within a century, the Bible 
would be a thing of the past. We all known how false 
his prophecy was. 

So, you see, it is a mistake to think that the world 
has never before experienced such periods of skeptical 
teachings. While there does appear much that should 
cause Christian men and women to be alanne'd, it is 
not the alarm to doubt and fear, but to a realization 
of the truth that Satan never rests and that we must 
awake to renewed zeal and energy. Scientific research 
and discovery along, some lines have given alarm to' 
the faint-hearted and have caused many to doubt and 
fear. The pendulum has seemingly swung to the oppo- 
site of true Christian faith, but be not afraid, — it will 
swing back. 

" Truth forever on the scaffold; wrong forever on the 
Yet that scaffold sways the future and behind the dim 

Standeth God within the shadow, keeping watch upon 
his own." 

What were best to be done under the circumstances? 
Let Paul answer the question, 1 Cor. 16: 13. -" Watch 
ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be 
strong." Never show the least sign of discouragement 
for "if God be for us, who can be against us?" 
" Bring up the children in the nurture and admonition 
of the Lord." Show to the world and to ourselves that 
we are the children of God by manifesting brotherly 
love for one another. Such faith in God, such devo- 
tion to duty, such love for mankind will do more to 
defeat the attacks of the skeptics than all the scholarly 
defenses that can be set forth. It is the practical 
Christian life that is weak today, instead of a weakness 
in the evidences of Theism and Christianity. When 
that is strengthened, the masses will regain their faith 
in the church, and Pentecostal outpourings of the Holy 
Spirit will be experienced, together with Pentecostal 
results in the conversion of men and women. 

North Manchester, Lid. 


In Four Parts.— Part One.— Am I in a Saved State? 

First, am I in a saved state? If I am, I am an heir 
of God, and if an heir of God, I am a joint-heir with 
Christ. And if a joint-heir with Christ, then Rev. 
3: 21 will apply to me. It says, "To him that over- 
cometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even 
as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father 
in his throne." This will apply to every one who shall 
overcome. Acts 10: 35 says, " But in every nation he 
that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is ac- 
cepted with him." 

Now let us see how he managed to overcome. When 
the tempter came with his strong temptations, Jesus 
would cite him to the Scriptures, saying unto the 
tempter, " It is written." When Christ was hungry for 
bread, the enemy would tempt him on that line, saying, 
" If thou be the Son of God, command that these 
stones be made bread." But Jesus answered, " It is 

written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by 
every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God." 
Matt. 4: 3, 4. And finally, when Jesus said, " Get thee 
hence, Satan, for it is written, Thou shalt worship the 
Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve, then the 
devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and min- 
istered unto him." Matt. 4: 10, 11. Christ overcame, 
and gained a grand victory. 

Second. His method of warfare is doubtless the 
best that has, or can be, employed by any one. Is it 
not a fact that we, too often, try to justify self, in 
case we make a mistake, by citing what some else has 
done ? This is no victory over the enemy, but simply 
self-justification. And still we cling to our idol, only 
because somebody else has made a similar, or worse, 
mistake. That is just as good a trap as the enemy 
cares to get us into,— for that is sufficient proof that 
we are still holding on to our pet. Let each one 
study Rom. 8 : 9, 10, which says, " Now if any man 
have not the spirit of Christ, he is none of his. And 
if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin ; 
but the Spirit is life because of righteousness." 

In this case it is plainly to be seen that the enemy 
has gained the victory. Just here is one of the very 
dangerous pitfalls, into which many precious souls are 
being drawn. Think of it, ye who indulge in priv- 
ileges contrary to the wishes of the church. Are you 
not occupying very dangerous ground? Jesus says, 
" If he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee 
as an heathen man and a publican." Matt. 18: 17. 
This may be said to apply to personal offenses. True, 
but why must we obey the church, in case of trespass 
between member and member, and not when we tres- 
pass against the counsels of the church? 

Paul says, " Obey them that have the rule over you, 
and submit yourselves, for they watch for your souls, as 
they that must give account, that they may do it with 
joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for 
you." Heb. 13: 17. The failure to submit may be 
very dangerous to any member. Even in the days of 
Moses they were not allowed to take their own way. 
Deut. 12: 8, 9 says, "Ye shall not do after all the 
things that we do here this day, every man whatsoever 
is right in his own eyes. For ye are not as yet come 
to the rest and to the inheritance, which the Lord giv- 
eth you," Rom. 15:3 says, " For even .Christ pleased 
not himself." He said, " Not my will, but thine, be 
done." Luke 22: 42. Let us submit. 


The following may be regarded as a homily upon 
Matthew 12: 1-12 and related passages of Scripture. 
It is the substance of an address, made recently at 
the University of Virginia before the midweek prayer 

The Sabbath of the college man ought not to differ 
in essential character from the Sabbath of any other 
man, that man being a Christian man. The college 
man's Sabbath ought to be, however, fuller of mean- 
ing and richer in experience than the Sabbath of the 
average man. Since the college man has a much better 
chance than the average man, to make the most of 
life, so also he ought to make more out of the Lord's 
Day than may reasonably be expected of the average 

But this difference is one of degree, rather than of 
quality. The Lord's Day, in its true character, is 
essentially the same to every follower of Christ. , But 
the college man has special responsibilities in re- 
ference to the Sabbath. To him much is given ; of 
him the Lord makes great demands. 

I believe that, in the first place, God expects and 
requires that every college man, — every educated man, 
— give the Sabbath an intelligent and earnest con-. 
sideration. In other words, he should give it thought- 
ful attention and study; for God himself has given the 
Sabbath a great meaning. I believe, also, that, in 
the second place, God expects every educated man to 
perceive and appreciate at leasr. a part of that great 
meaning; that is, to discern somewhat of the essential 
significance that inheres in God's holy day, and to ac- 
knowledge, in due measure, what the Sabbath, as 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 

institution, has already meant to the world. To 
college man, of all men, the Sabbath should be 
red and holy. At the very least, its utility to the 
a should solicit his philanthropic interest. The 
found scholar, who grows enthusiastic over Plato 
Dante, or who trembles with awe before a great 
th of science just unveiled, does himself credit, 
only does his duty, in bowing down with full heart 
I reverent head before his Maker every Sabbath 

rhe college man's Sabbath is not only a day to he 
dligently studied and reverently regarded; but it 
and also should be, a day of rich opportunity — 
: a day of " suppression, but a day of larger life 
1 larger communion. During the six days of the 
ek the industrious and conscientious student is 
iy with the exacting duties of routine work. He 
:s round in a beaten track, with scarcely time to 
se his head; but on Sunday, at least, let him enjoy 
: chance for an uplifted countenance, a lighter 'step, 
freer view, a throwing off of burdens, a grateful 
irt, and a fuller enjoyment, of normal life. A fuller 
: means fuller communion ; that is, a fuller appro- 
ation of what others can give to us, and a fuller 
dng of ourselves to others ; a fuller realization of 
: possibilities that exist in the vital and many-bonded 
ationship that binds us man and man, man and 
ture, man and God. 

The Jewish Sabbath, in its essential character, em- 
died at least two related ideas: (1) Rest for 
>rship ; (2) worship pointing to rest. Funda- 
:ntal to these was the authority of God's law, de- 
ling the Sabbath holy, hence the worship enjoined 
is properly worship of God; but the later practice of 
; Jews had made it chiefly worship of the Sabbath 
elf. The rest, properly to have been sought, was the 
it that comes of God's approval, not the delusive 
ace that attends man's own self-righteousness. The 
.ngry disciples, walking through the corn, violated 
e ceremonial law by, what may have seemed, a rash 
t; but the Pharisees violated the law of mercy and 
ve by a rash judgment. 

In the great old church of Verona, long ago, was 
beautiful image of Christ in bas-relief, — a master- 
ece of art of the fifteenth century. In the course- 
time it was covered over with plaster and cement, 
id, being lost to sight, was forgotten for a hundred 
ars. In 1630 came an earthquake. It shook the 
d church to its foundations. The walls were made 
sway and quiver. Down came large portions 
them with a terrifying noise. Those who heard 
e crash of falling materials said, " The church is 
lined ; the walls have given way." But after awhile, 
hen men ventured in, and the light again flooded 
e interior of the great structure, it was seen that 
ily the plaster and cement had fallen, — the walls 
ere still firm and strong. More than that, the people 
iheld what they had not seen before, — the beautiful 
tage of Christ that had been hidden so long. 
The Pharisees, no doubt, regarded much that Christ 
id his disciples said and did as iconoclastic ; they often 
ust have thought that the foundations of the holy 
mple were being shaken and that the walls were fall- 
g ; but in the succeeding calm, — in the fuller light, — 
le things that were cast down were found to be 
ily the misapplied and outworn additions of human 
ands; and among the figures, before hidden, ap- 
:ared, among many others, the Son of Man as 
ord of the Sabbath. 

The Pharisees had exalted the Sabbath to such a 
egree,— and for so long, — that they had obscured, if 
Dt destroyed, its real meaning. Christ said it was 
lade for man. They thought, — before it had ceased 
> be a matter of thought, — that man was made for 

We, fortunately and unfortunately, have gotten 
ir away from that error of the Pharisees. Fort- 
nately, because we no longer worship the Sabbath 
jr its own sake ; unfortunately, because we are often 
i danger of going to, the other, and even more dan- 
erous extreme, of not regarding it at all. We avoid 
le heresy of Christ's critics, that man was made for 
le Sabbath; but we often fail to appreciate the full 
tgnificance of Christ's words : " The Sabbath was 
lade for man." We feel and act, too often, as if 

man had also made it. This is a disposition that is 
characteristically modern. It is too much a disposi- 
tion that is characteristically American. Liberty lias 
so long been our watchword, in religion as well as 
in politics, that many crimes are committed in that 
dear name every Sabbath Day. 

It is a fact that may as well be acknowledged, that, 
along with the special responsibilities and opportuni- 
ties that the college man has, in respect to Sunday, he 
also has some peculiar temptations. He has the temp- 
tation to uncouth and aimless idleness, — falsely called 
rest. He has the temptation to continue his regular 
work, because he is hard pressed for time. There 
is also presented to him the temptation to immorality 
and dissipation, because, from Saturday evening to 
Monday morning, he will not be penalized for cutting 
lectures. Then, too, there is the temptation offered 
by the painted face of the Sunday newspapers. We 
must admit, to be sure, that in these Sunday port- 
folios there is much that is elevating and appropriate 
f6r reading on the Lord's Day; yet it will also be 
agreed, I think, that it is generally not because of 
the Sunday pieces that men buy and read Sunday 
papers. Occasionally it seems necessary for a fellow 
to show his college spirit on Sunday in a way that 
is hardly appropriate for that day. Such temptations, 
which are the more dangerous because prompted by 
a good motive, might be avoided by more thought- 
ful prevision on the part of those who manage the 
college sports. They, being always men with the 
best interests of the college uppermost, could not fail 
to appreciate the importance of such a policy, in its 
moral influence upon the student body. 

Quiet deportment, church-going, and Bible-reading, 
are not necessarily the accompaniments of morality and' 
piety ; yet laxity on the one side is apt to beget laxity 
on the other. Disregard or misuse of the Sabbath 
is apt to beget indifference or contempt for its sacred- 
ness and its religious claims. 

Jesus of Nazareth was not a college man, so far as 
we know; yet his teaching and example in reference 
to the Sabbath may serve well for college men. More- 
over, in applying the case practically to our conduct, 
we need not stop to make fine distinctions between 
the old Sabbath and the new Sabbath, — between the 
seventh day and the first day. 

Jehovah, through the lawgiver, had said : " Re- 
member the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy " ; and 
Jesus kept it so. But Jehovah, through the prophet, 
had also said : " I desired mercy, and not sacrifice ; 
and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings." 
It was this lesson, in its practical meaning, that Jesus 
was trying to teach. He desired the fault-finding 
Pharisees to learn it, rather than to be ceremonially 
perfect without it. They had not yet grasped the great 
fact; they had not yet appreciated the double bles- 
sedness of mercy, and hence they condemned the 
guiltless. We keep the Sabbath aright only when we 
keep it in the spirit of Christ; negatively, by not ador- 
ing it for its own sake ; positively, by using it for our 
own sake and for the sake of others; especially for the 
sake of others. We are not free to do anything we 
please on the Sabath, but we are free to do anything 
that is needful or helpful. Christ said, in so many 
words : " It is lawful to do well on the Sabbath Days." 
By doing well he did not mean merely keeping out 
of mischief; but he meant what he himself did. 

At Nazareth, where he grew up, it was his custom 
to go to church on the Sabbath, and to take part in 
the services; at Capernaum, on the Sabbath Day, we 
find him combining the two great elements of true 
religion: reverential worship and benevolent work: 
teaching the people, in the synagogue and casting 
out devils. The same day we find him in the home, as 
well as in the synagogue ; and there, too, we find him 
combining worship and work, with the emphasis 
upon the latter. At Jerusalem, by the Bethesda pool, 
he healed the cripple on the Sabbath, and justified 
his act by saying, " My Father worketh hitherto, and 
I work." 

So at Nazareth, at Capernaum, at Jerusalem, — 
everywhere, — he taught by word and act the same 
lesson : " It is lawful to do well on the Sabbath Days." 
With him the time-honored service of sacrifice was 
good, but sacrificing service was better. 

Thus Jesus has given a new and fuller meaning 
to the old sabbath-day commandment, as he has to 
everything else in law and in life. The law, as he 
fulfilled it, is love: love is the Christ spirit at work. 
" Under the law men labored first, then rested ; but 
under grace we first find rest in Jesus, and then work." 

The college man's Sabbath may well be patterned 
after the Sabbath of the Man of Nazareth. His 
Sabbaths, in modern phrase, were days regularly 
devoted to church-going; to the reading and teaching 
of God's Word to the people ; to curing man's bodies, 
and to healing their souls ; to unselfish service rather 
than to self-enjoyment. In short, Christ's Sabbaths 
were a wholesome and intelligent zombination of the 
worship of God and benevolent work for humanity. 
May such be the Sabbaths of our American college 

Charlottesville, Va. 


I have always been very careful about accepting 
stories of marvelous things. Whenever I read a news- 
paper account of a dual personality, I think that the 
paper is running out of genuine news and is accepting 
fake stories, and now, here I am telling a marvelous 
story myself. 

One evening, after the Bible class at Cedar Rapids, 
when I returned to the home of Bio. J. K. Miller, 
with whom I was lodging, I found a Quaker lady, a 
Mrs. Andrew Tow, of Norway, Iowa, with the family. 
Having been told something of her peculiarity, I ob- 
served her closely. She was a plain, sweet-faced, 
motherly woman, appearing to be between fifty and 
sixty years of age. When I met her, she shook hands 
with me and spoke very pleasantly. We all sat there, 
talking, for some time, and I could see nothing un- 
usual about her. She conversed intelligently and with 
Christian dignity. It may be that her eyes did not 
look natural, as Bro. Miller afterward said, but I could 
not know that. She talked of the events of the day, 
of her family, and of my work. Tf \ had not been 
told of her peculiarity, I should never have sus- 
pected it. 

The next morning, when 1 met her again, she did 
not know me, nor did she remember a single thing that 
had taken place during the evening. Bro. Miller in- 
troduced me to her again, telling her that she had met 
me before. She laughed and remarked that I did not 
meet many people like her. We talked freely of her 
habits, and what I now give is from her own state- 
ments, corroborated by Bro. Miller, who, by the way, 
is our Sunday-school superintendent in Cedar Rapids, 
and one of the well-known business men of the city. 

From their statements, it seems that each evening 
at 7 : 30, regularly, she suddenly drowses off for a few 
moments, no matter where she is or what she is doing, 
but immediately recovers and looks around her in sur- 
prise. She knows no one whom she sees, not even her 
own husband and children, until she has touched them. 
She, herself, told me that she must be another woman 
then; but that can hardly be possible. Yet they say 
that when this first became a regular experience, about 
ten years, she made a great change in appearance, 
expression of countenance, etc., each evening, so much 
so that her youngest child, then about eighteen months 
old, refused to go to her, and has ever since slept apart 
from her mother. During this period, — from 7: 30 
P. M. until morning, — she knows no one except by 
touch ; but she never forgets any whom she has once 
touched. She can call their names as soon as she has 
touch them but not till then. 

She does her housework, or waits on the sick at 
night as well as by day. Generally she reads a chapter 
from the Bible and talks to her children of the right- 
eous life before retiring; then goes to bed and wakes 
up her natural self, but without recollection of a single 
thing that has transpired during the previous, or. in- 
deed, any preceding night, since this came upon her. 
In the daytime she cannot recognize any one by the 
touch, any more than I can. All that she told me, of 
what occurred at night, was, of course, mere hearsay, 
and was spoken as of another woman. Could it be that 


I- ' 





l a 


li re 













THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 

she is right? Can she be really possessed? If so, 
is it not good that the second self has always borne 
the same Christian character that the real woman 

Perhaps I should say, still further, that Mrs. Tow 
attributes the beginning of this trouble to her having 
become overheated when about twenty-two years old. 
Its further development may be due to the practice of 
the family of talking to her and questioning her when 
she first showed apparent delirium. 

This phenomenon became more pronounced when, 
soon after her marriage, she and her husband moved 
to Iowa, where she suffered from homesickness. In 
those days, she often walked abroad at night, some- 
times dressed as for a journey, and sometimes in her 
night clothes. Only once, however, did she come to 
herself away from home. 

Happily for her, however, she had nothing of this 
while she was bearing her family of seven children, 
nor does a single child show any sign of inheriting this 
disposition. Mrs. Tow has tried to overcome this, 
consulting physicians and any one else who, she 
thought, might help her, or might solve the problem 
of her dual existence. 

I know, of course, the risk that the man runs who 
relates such a strange story as this ; but I have given 
it to the Messenger readers as I received it ; and will 
say further that I am, myself, convinced of the truth 
of what I have told or I would not have repeated it. 
Can you explain it? 

188 Hastings Street, Chicago, III. 


Of late considerable inquiry has been made regard- 
ing the religious beliefs and affiliations of the Presi- 
dents. A late issue of the St. Louis Christian Advo- 
cate contains the information that many are seeking on 
the subject. It would appear that very few of our 
Presidents were at any time zealous church workers. 
They, of course, had their beliefs, but their religion 
was largely on general principles. With them politics, 
and not religion, was the specialty. We read : 

" Washington was an Episcopalian, and one of his 
biographers says he was a communicant, while another 
declares that although he was a regular attendant on 
the services of that church, he was no more than 
an adherent and sympathizer. John Adams was a 
Unitarian, having been brought up in that faith and 
adhering to it all his life. Thomas Jefferson was re- 
peatedly charged with being a free-thinker, some even 
said an atheist of the French school, but after his 
death his friends and family asserted that he was a 
believer in God and divine revelation, the immortality 
of the soul, and a future life, their statements being 
sustained by certain letters and documents found 
among his papers. Madison and Monroe were both 
members of the Episcopal church, remaining in that 
connection all their lives. John Quincy Adams was a 
Unitarian and for most of his life was connected with 
the same congregation which bore on its rolls the name 
of his father. For the greater part of his life, General 
Jackson had no religious affiliation whatever, but in 
the evening of his days, and mainly through the influ- 
ence of Mrs. Jackson, he attended the Presbyterian 
church, and after her death became in fact, as well as 
form, a member. On his estate he built a Presbyterian 
church and spent much money in contributing to its 

" Martin Van Buren was not a member of any 
church, but was a regular attendant on the services of 
the Dutch Reformed church near his home in Kinder- 
hook, N. Y. William Henry Harrison was a commun- 
icant and for a time a vestryman in the Episcopal 
church. For a long time after his death his pew in 
Christ church, Cleveland, Ohio, bore the silver plate 
indicating its ownership. In his inaugural address, 
he made what he called ' a confession of faith,' testi- 
fying to his religious belief. Tyler, like Harrison, was 
an Episcopalian, and personally a very devout man. 
Polk was not a member of any religious denomination, 
though in deference to Mrs. Polk, he generally at- 
tended the services of the Presbyterian church. Dur- 
ing his last illness he was baptized by a Methodist 

clergyman, a friend and neighbor, and formally re- 
ceived as a member of the Methodist church. Presi- 
dent Taylor was a regular attendant on the services 
of the Episcopal church, and although the testimony 
is somewhat conflicting, it seems probable that he was 
a member. Millard Fillmore was a Unitarian, born 
and raised in a family belonging to that denomination. 
President Pierce was a Trinitarian Congregationalist, 
and his religion is described as.' more of the head than 
of the heart.' Buchanan was a very acceptable mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church. 

" President Lincoln, although described by his biog- 
raphers as a man of deep religious convictions, was 
not a member of any denomination, although he often 
attended the Presbyterian church. Andrew Johnson 
was not a church-member, although during his resi- 
dence in Tennessee, he generally attended the Meth- 
odist church. General Grant never connected himself 
with any church; though, when he attended services 
at all, it was generally those of the Methodists. It 
is said that, shortly before his death, he became a 
member. Hayes was for many years a member of the 
Methodist church. Garfield was the only President 
who ever officiated as a preacher and pastor. After 
leaving the pulpit for the platform, he remained a 
member of the Disciples of Christ. President Arthur 
was prominently connected with one of the leading 
Episcopal churches of New York City. President 
Cleveland was a regular attendant and, in his later 
years, it is said, a member, of the Presbyterian church. 
President Harrison was a Presbyterian and for many 
years an elder of a church in Indianapolis. President 
McKinley was a Methodist. President Roosevelt is a 
member of the Dutch Reformed church. President- 
elect Taft is a Unitarian." 



"Now the winter has come, with its cold, chilling blast, 

And the verdure has dropped from the trees; 
All nature seems touched by the finger of death, 

And the streams are beginning to freeze, 
When playful young lads over the river may glide; 

When 'Flora' attends us no more; 
When, in plenty, you sit by a good fireside, 

Sure, you ought to remember the poor." 

You, who are now sitting at your ease, in comfort- 
able apartments, cheered by the fire's genial warmth, 
while the north winds sweep around your dwelling, 
should reflect upon the unfortunate children of pov- 
erty, who are suffering the accumulated miseries of 
cold, penury and disease. 

"When the cold-feathered snow does in plenty descend, 
And whitens the landscape around, 
When the keen, chilling winds, from the North do at- 
Congealing and freezing the ground; 
When the hills and the dales are all mantled in white, 

And the rivers congealed to the shore, 
When the bright, twinkling stars proclaim a cold night, 
Don't forget to remember the poor." 

Happy is the condition of those who, in the rigors of 
winter, have good shelter and clothes enough to keep 
them warm ; who are refreshed by wholesome food and 
cheered by well-ripened fruits. Reposing on downy 
pillows, they enjoy sweet slumbers and pleasing 
dreams. But miserable is the lot of those to whom 
poverty denies a shelter, who have no home, no cloth- 
ing to protect their bodies from the rude blast ; who are 
unable to make their necessities known, and have not 
a friend to cheer their drooping spirits, or soothe their 
afflicted souls with the consoling language of hope. 

"When the poor, harmless hare may be traced to the 
By her footsteps indented in snow, 
When the hills and the dales are spotted with blood, 

As the marksmen their missiles bestow; 
When the poor robin redbreast approaches the cot, 

While the icicles hang at the door; 
When we've food in abundance, reviving and hot 
That's the time to remember the poor." 

I desire to awaken in the hearts of my brethren a 
sense of the miseries to which the lowest classes of 
society are subject. I wish to call attention to those 
pitiable cases which arouse our sympathy. How many 
poor creatures are seen feebly crawling along the 

streets, with haggard countenance, hungry and cold, 
and hardly to be recognized as human creatures. We 
have seen men venerable in years, sparsely clothed, 
and obliged to expose their hoary heads to the severity 
of the storm, while begging alms. Then there are 
those who are sick, and destitute of the commonest 
necessities of life, lying on some miserable pallet in a 
dark, damp cellar, or perhaps in a cold garret, passing 
away their last moments in anguish and hopeless 
"When a thaw shall ensue, and the waters increase 

And the rivers all insolent grow; 
When the fishes from prison obtain a release, 

When in danger the travelers go; 
When the meadows are hid by the proud swelling flood, 

And the bridges are useful no more; 
When in life you enjoy everything that is good, 

Can you murmur to think of the poor? " 

Winter, by increasing all the wants of the poor, 
renders our charity to them doubly necessary and 
indispensable. It is a time when nature herself is wild 
and destitute, and, surely, by distributing our benefac- 
tions reasonably, we very much enhance their value. 
If we have been enriched by the fruits of summer and 
autumn, is it not that we may be enabled to share these 
blessings with our less fortunate brethren? As the 
cold increases, so should we be the more disposed to 
administer unto the needy a portion of the comforts 
arising from our superabundance. Indeed, we ought 
to consider it a high privilege to aid in relieving the 
suffering poor. 
"Soon the day will be here when the Savior, was born, 

All the world should agree with one voice, 
All nations unite to salute the blest morn, 

All ends of the earth should rejoice. 
Grim death is deprived of his all-killing sting, 

And the grave is triumphant no more; 
Saints, angels, and. men, hallelujah shall sing, 

And the "rich shall remember the poor." 

Let those, then, who enjoy the gifts of fortune, 
remember the sufferings of the poor, and learn that it 
is their duty and noblest privilege to feed, clothe and 
console the distressed. Let those, who taste the sweets 
of independence, and revel in the pleasures of luxury, 
impart a portion of their great abundance. Then there 
-are those who are blessed with a medium supply ; they, 
too, can give. Let us remember that, however limited 
our income, it is within our power to do some good. 
Then, why not enjoy that part of life, — supplying, in 
part, the essential needs of our less fortunate brethren ? 
Who can deny himself the consolation of raising a fel- 
low-being from the bed of sickness and the depths of 
misery? What more grateful incense can be offered 
up at the shrine of virtue than beneficence for suffer- 
ing humanity! It is well to overcome our own pas- 
sions and desires, in order to administer to the needs 
of the poor. 
Loraine, III. 



It is right, and in accordance with God's will, that 
we should be workers,— definite habitual, consistent 
and spiritual Christian Workers. 

As we have enjoyed another season of Christian 
Workers' meetings, and finished the work of another 
year, can it be said of us, as of the woman of old, 
11 She hath done what she could"? God requires no 
more of us than we are able to do. Although our lot 
may be to perform the little duties, let us not shrink 
from doing them, for only thus are we prepared for 
greater work. 

Many, who try to be Christian Workers, make a 
great mistake. They work to exalt self, thinking that 
they will receive the honor, when, instead, they should 
work to hide self and exalt God. To do this we must 
keep close to the Word of God and work to' honor the 

Our light as Christian Workers shines brightest for 
Christ when we are the least conscious about our shin- 
ing. The very word or deed we do unconsciously, per- 
haps, makes a deeper impression upon some poor, help- 
less soul than the things admired by all. 

Did you ever stop to think that just as we work, 
so will we be rewarded? To be a genuine Christian 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 


Worker, first crucify self, doing the thing next to 
you. It is folly to think of a wider sphere unless you 
more than fill the one now occupied. Be Workers in 
the home, in the Sunday school and the church ! Find 
your place! With Bible in hand go to the suffering 
and sinning, imparting the great message of love ! 
Lift up your eyes and look! Look until you cannot 
see for the tears that blind you, for both home and 
other fields are needing more and better workers. 

As youthful laborers in the Master's service, may 
we not lose the companionship of the older ones, for 
we need their counsel and guidance. Ruth was never 
more beautiful than when she clung to Naomi, saying, 
" Entreat me not to leave thee." Never was she more 
blessed than in fulfilling her vow, " Where thou goest 
I will go, thy people shall be my people and thy God 
my God." 

We cannot be Christian Workers on Sunday and 
something else the other six days. May the Lord help 
us to be true, devoted Christian Workers seven days 
out of every week, every week in the year, and every 
year of our life! Great will be the recompense of 
the Workers who labor thus. 

People who appear to be religious on Sunday, but 
who give no evidence of it on any other day of the 
week, lack the essential elements of tine godliness. If 
we lack this important feature of Christian living, let 
us get in possession of it now. In whatever we are 
called to do, may we not forget that it is a call from 
God. Remember Jonah's refusal and the consequences. 
Ask God early and earnestly concerning your mission 
in life. Then follow strictly that calling, ever being 
guided by the Spirit. "We then, as workers together 
with him, beseech you also that ye receive not the 
grace of God in vain." 

Belle fontaine, Ohio. 


Has God forsaken his people? Has he not been 
faithful to them that put their trust in him? What 
has come to pass that we, who profess to be his fol- 
lowers, are asking the church to give us the privilege 
of going to the worldly organizations for protec- 
tion for our loved ones? Or have we been looking 
after material things so closely that we are blinded 
to the great truths of God's Word. 

The poor man of the world buys cheap life insur- 
ance to protect his family from want. The worldly 
rich man takes out " old line " 'insurance for the same 
reason. Well and good, — for what better have they 
in which to trust? I, too, would be carrying life insur- 
ance if I had not sufficient faith in God to accept him 
as my Protector. Israel, in asking for a king, like all 
the nations, rejected the God of heaven as their King. 
In asking for life insurance, like the men of the world, 
are we not rejecting God as our Protector? 

When we reject God, who knows so much better 
than we do what is best for those depending on us, 
I fear we are taking upon ourselves a fearful responsi- 
bility. Instead of leaving our children a goodly heri- 
tage, we may have taken them away from the care 
and blessings of a God of whom David says, " Trust 
in the Lord and do good; so shalt thou dwell in the 
land, and verily thou shalt be fed." Psa. 37: 3. The 
Lord says, " Cursed is the man that trusteth in man and 
maketh flesh his arm and whose heart departeth from 
the Lord." Jer. 17: 5. 

Many quote 1 Tim. 5: 8 in support of life insurance. 
In so doing, I fear, they are wresting the scripture to 
their own hurt. Paul was not writing about life in- 
surance nor about anything connected with insurance. 
The people to whom Paul was alluding were those 
who had the means to support the dependent ones, 
but did not do so. I am not certain but what Paul's 
language applies with equal force to churches that, 
while able to do so, do not look after the poor as they 

We are told that the church permits its members 
to insure against loss by fire. Why discriminate 
against life insurance when the principles of the two 
are so near the same, that if one is permissible, the 
other should be? In granting the privelege of fire 
insurance the church may not have had God's sanc- 

tion to shift its responsibility to institutions of the 

If the members of the church were so full of the 
spirit of God willingly to practice the teachings of 
Christ, there would be no need of either kind of in- 
surance. In such a church the hungry would be fed, 
the thirsty given drink, the naked clothed, the sick 
visited, and its fatherless and widows cared for. 

Our love for each other should be so fervent that 
we would bear one another's burdens. A church of 
this kind would be the best insurance company in 
the world. Out of love it would care for those need- 
ing its help, both temporally and spiritually. 

One great wrong in granting the privilege of taking 
out insurance is, that this would place the church in a 
position whereby its members would look to worldly 
institutions, rather than to the church of the living 
God for help and protection. There would be the 
temptation for the poorer members to take insurance 
in the cheap, ungodly fraternal orders. It would be 
a wrong of no small importance. When I hear that 
members are asking for life insurance, I am made to 
feel that the church is losing some of the most vital 
and essential principles of Christianity. 

When a man takes out life insurance, he proclaims 
to the world that the church to which he belongs is 
not living out the teachings of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
May this never be said of the Church of the Brethren ! 

Walton, Kans. 

' Return unto me and I will return 



The rich young ruler^ possessing all earthly treas- 
ures, comes to Christ, and asks what he must do to in- 
herit eternal life, — to obtain that which money cannot 
buy. Christ tells him, " One thing thou lackest." He 
was to sell his possessions, and give to his needy broth- 
er. The ruler's life had been one of selfishness, hoard- 
ing up for self alone, thinking not of Christ nor of, oth- 
ers, crowding out that which was most important to his 
life, for all time, — charity and all other heavenly pos- 
sessions, — failing to make that sacrifice by which all 
can obtain eternal life. 

I once knew .a friend whose life was beautiful. He 
lived in a beautiful home and possessed all the luxuries 
and pleasures that one might wish in this world, yet 
" one thing " was lacking, in that life and in that home. 
It possessed all earthly joys and luxuries that would 
fade, and crowded out Jesus Christ, thus spoiling the 
beauty of that life and home. When sorrow came, it 
had no comfort ; when tired, no haven of rest beneath 
the shadow of his wings ; when trouble came, no one 
to ask for help; when death came, no Pilot to guide 
that soul to its haven of rest and peace. 

The rich man in this world accumulates great wealth. 
He lives for his money, he has a beautiful home and 
family, and all goes well. He has all pleasures and 
luxuries, and wants for nothing. Death finally comes. 
What theu? On his deathbed he hears God and the 
angels whisper, " One thing thou lackest." He stops, 
in his last moments, and thinks. It all comes to him, 
that he has lived all these years for self, and forgotten 
God, — the most important now. He never thought of 
eternity. He wonders where he is going, whether 
to another beautiful home, like the one he left, or to 
one of misery and punishment. As he dies he en- 
deavors to make his peace with God. Then he hopes 
that the angels will take him to that beautiful home 
not made with hands. Well might the Savior say, 
" It is harder for a rich man to enter the kingdom of 
heaven than for a camel to pass through the eye of 
a needle." 

The worldly young man goes about enjoying him- 
self. Every night he goes among his friends, to the 
saloons and various places of worldly enjoyment. 
He spends his years as the prodigal son, — in riotous 
living, — until he feels he can stand it no longer. He 
turns and looks back over the crooked path that he has 
trod, and sees the error of his way. His conscience 
whispers, " One thing thou lackest." He thinks of 
home and Father. He turns and goes back repentant 
to the Father, who has been standing at the heavenly 
gate, watching and waiting for him. Thus the Father 
receives him with great joy and takes him with him 
into the feast, prepared for those that love him. The 

Father has said, 
unto you." 

" One thing thou lackest." This little thought comes 
to all of us, sometime in our lives. We have an op- 
portunity of possessing this all-important treasure. If 
we do not, we are lost forever, for there is no other 
way by which we can obtain eternal life, for Christ 
says, " No man cometh unto the Father but by me." 

Trebeins, Ohio. 


In our evangelistic work we occasionally meet with 
certain individuals who desire fellowship with the 
church, but refrain, as they say, on the ground that 
they cannot conceive the necessity of a burial in bap- 
tism. They do not like the idea of going into the 
water to be baptized. 

Now, some of my brethren think it exceedingly 
strange that such an attitude toward Christian baptism 
should ever be assumed by persons under conviction, 
but I think their position is self-explanatory. I never 
knew a man who, during life, failed to entertain a 
strong antipathy toward the grave ; nor have I ever 
heard a corpse protest against its burial. We have no 
trouble burying dead men, but if a man is alive and 
you were to suggest burying him, it would be natural 
for him to revolt against it. 

Paul says: "Knowing this that our old man is 
crucified with him, that the body of sin might be de- 
stroyed for he that is dead is freed from sin. 

Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that wc 
shall also live with him." If "the old man" is 
crucified and dead, he should be buried, and I assure 
you that you will have no trouble in doing so. He 
will ask no questions in regard to the grave, neither 
will he, in any way, resist a burial. Paul did not only 
say, " We are dead with Christ," but he also said, 
"Ye are buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye 
are risen with him through the faith of the operation 
of God, who hath raised him from the dead." 

Now, if a man is dead with Christ; it is not within 
his province to fight against being buried with him. 
If he opposes his burial, it is prima facie evidence that 
the " old man " has at least a little life in him yet,— 
not entirely dead. If he is yet alive, like the two 
thieves, he is not yet ready for burial. But if he is 

in the state that the Roman soldiers found Christ, 

already dead, — he ought to be taken and buried with 
him in baptism. 

I will let the reader decide whether the persons al- 
luded to were dead with Christ, or whether they, like 
the thieves, were yet alive. 

Klahr, Pa. ____^^__ 


Our work at the Armourdalc Mission seems to be pro- 
gressing nicely. The attendance at the Sunday school, 
preaching services and the industrial classes, has, for 
the past two months, been steadily on the increase. 

In our Sunday school, especially, wc find our hardest 
work is not that of increasing our attendance, but the 
difficult task of taking the raw material of untutored, un- 
cultured cliildren from ungodly homes, and so to re- 
form them as to make of them courteous, thoughtful 
and moral young men and women. 

Our Christmas program was quite well attended, about 
150 being present. The children did their part quite well. 

We are receiving a liberal response to the call made 
for clothing, for which wc arc truly grateful. Some may 
wonder why we receipt bills of lading and often fail to 
receipt for the clothing itself. It is this: In the majority 
of cases we are unable to identify the sacks of clothing. 
The tags are generally torn off in handling. It would 
be a great help if each sack had, in it, a slip giving the 
name and address of the sender. We have been able to 
put good shoes on at least thirty-five little feet. Most 
of those helped are Sunday-school scholars. The re- 
sponse to our appeal has been generous, because some 
have pitied the poor. The Navarre church sent us 
dressed chickens for our Thanksgiving baskets. 

A sister recently took a little baby, three weeks old. to 
Peabody, Kans., and a letter in today's mail tetls how 
wonderfully happy the fosterparents are over their new 
treasure. Are there any childless homes willing to give 
parental shelter to these sweet, homeless children? 

As cold weather comes on we find more neejy ones 
than ever. May the Father bless those who have already 
shown a helping hand, and may their liberal giving 
prompt others to come to our assistance! E. F. Sherfy. 
719 St. Paul St., Dec. 23. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 



We are fast approaching the end of nineteen hun- 
dred and eight, and soon another year will be ushered 
in. If we look back over the past year, we may well 
ask ourselves the question : " How stands our ac- 
count with him who looks upon sin with no degree of 
allowance ? " 

Let us take a glance and what do we discover? 
Duties neglected, a large record of idle words, mis- 
spent moments, and many hours sacrificed to the god 
of this world. Frequently we were too easily per- 
suaded to follow the lust of the flesh and the pride of 

But we cannot improve upon that which is in the 
past. The old year is past and gone, and with it goes 
our record, to remain until that great and notable day, 
when all records will be brought forth. As another 
year is spreading out before us, let us try to keep our- 
selves unspotted through the mercy and grace of God. 
Many who commenced the year, just closing, with 
fair prospects before them, are no more on earth. 
Some families must say, " The angel of death looked 
in. and thinned our little band." Some passed away 
in a sudden flash, while others went after lingering 
day by day. Those that went in the Lord, how much 
happier they are, this New Year's Day, than they could 
possibly have been here upon earth. 

Other family circles remain unbroken and can say, 
" We are all here, father, mother, sister, and brother." 
But we do not know how long this may be said of 
us. Soon we may be numbered with the dead, and 
another circle will be found at the place we now call 
our home. 

Let us form new resolutions and try, by the help 
of God. to live them out during the coming year, so 
that, if the Lord should see fit to take us out of this 
world, before another new year, we can exclaim, like 
Paul, " I fought a good fight ; I am ready to go." 
R. D. ?, Quarrwille, Pa. 

citizens, good Christians, but all the time they have 
that disease, which is destroying their moral fiber. 
Some day the fruit of that parasite will appear, and 
people will know that the man is not what he was 
supposed to be. 

I saw another tree in the same orchard. It had 
fallen. The heart was rotten. Some day the first tree 
will fall, for it is rotten at the heart. So it is with 
people. The sin in the heart destroys the moral fiber, 
and, if not driven out, the man will, in time, fall like 
the tree, because he is rotten at the heart. 
Columbia. Mo. . 



I suggest that, in our communion service, the 
brother who serves, when he gives thanks for the 
bread, confine himself in his thanksgiving to the bread 
. alone. Let him do the same way with the cup. When 
we consult Matt. 26: 26, 27; Mark 14: 22, 23, and 
Luke 22: 19. we find nothing that Jesus did, more' 
than to bless and give thanks, and gave to the dis- 
ciples. My mind has been called to this by those who 
are " not of us." They think, as I do, that to offer 
thanks for other things at that time, detracts from 
the sacredness of the service. For the supper we offer 
thanks, and ask a blessing, before and after eating. 
Then, before dismissing, we have a general thanks- 
giving and prayer. 

I have been present at such services, when the 
brother wdio served had so many other things, for 
which he thanked the Lord, that I began to think he 
was likely to forget to thank the Lord for the bread 
and cup at all. It is all right to give thanks for all 
things, but there are other times at which to do so. 
We aim to follow the example of Jesus in other things, 
and my suggestion is that we do so in the use of the 
bread and cup of the communion. Brethren, will you 
think about it? 


While passing through an orchard, the other day, 
I saw a fungous growth, where a limb had been cut 
from a tree. It did not seem to be dangerous. Most 
people would have passed it by without a thought, but 
I know that this little bit of fungus was merely the 
fruiting part of a plant, the mycelium of which had 
penetrated the trunk of the tree. It is a parasite and 
destroys the wood of the tree, causing rot. I had been 
by that tree many times, and had seen no signs of this 
parasite, for it was not then fruiting time. 

Some people are like that tree. Outwardly they 
appear to be all right. They are considered upright 


Just a few days ago, while on an interurban car, 
away out in the sage brush, near the San Gabriel River, 
I fancied I was in a confectioner's store. My, how 
good things seemed to smell ! When I looked but of 
the car window, I could hardly believe my eyes, — 
nothing but sage brush ! No bakery in sight any- 
where ! 

While I mused upon the matter a man, sitting just 
in front of me, turned his head a little, and then the 
whole mystery was suddenly solved. I was in the 
car with our baker, — the man who makes " topnotch " 
bread ! 

You know in the Canticles it is said of the Master : 
" All his garments smell of myrrh." Our Master 
carried this fragrance of healing wherever he went. 
The perfume of his presence passed upon all. Men 
were attracted to him by the sweetness of his heavenly 

Are you fragrant? Or have you the right name, 
but the wrong smell? Remember, the only likeness 
" Havana " bears to " Heaven " is, that it begins with 
an " H." Right there all similarity ceases. 
Covina, Cal. 


Since the death of Bro. George B. Holsinger, I am 
made to think more of the sacred music written by 
him. Whenever I see one of his musical compositions, 
I am wondering how many selections we have in the 
Hymnal, written by Brethren. There was a time 
when we felt that our people were not able to write 
music. Now I feel that we have about as good mu- 
sical writers among us as can be found anywhere. 

Bro. Holsinger has fifty-eight compositions in the 
Hymnal; Bro. J. Henry Showalter, forty-two selec- 
tions ; Bro. Beery, ten ; the other Showalters, eleven ; 
Bro. C. G. Lint, seven, and Sister Marguerite Bixler 
Garrette, one, making a total of 129 compositions by 
our people. There may be others with whom I am not 
acquainted. ' 

In places where our Hymn Book is practically new, 
the music is considered fine. Good music is like good 
preaching, it has a telling effect. In most of the con- 
gregations we have good singing, as well as able 

Goshen, hid. 


During the Civil War the ministers from this 
congregation, who had appointments beyond Cheat 
River, had to ford the river because the floor of the 
bridge had been torn up. This river, however, was 
very dangerous and deceptive. 

On one occasion Eld. Aaron Fike was going to fill 
the regular appointment and tried to ford the river 
at the usual place. The waters had been up very high, 
and still were muddy. The horse went into the river 
as usual, but, coming to a certain point, stopped and 
refused to go farther. He tried to spur the horse on, 
but he would not go forward. He then dropped the 
rein and the horse turned around and went home. 

On his next trip the waters had receded and cleared. 
He went to the same spot, and, to his surprise, there 
was a channel washed out at this point, about ten feet 
deep. No doubt, if he had gone on, he would have 
drowned. Does not God care for his own? Can we 
not trust Him ? 

Oakland, Md. 


During the Annual Meeting at Bristol, Tenn., two 
young men, — clerks in a bank, — were boarding at the 
home where the writer lodged, and one evening they 
were overheard in a conversation about the meeting. 
Said one, " I saw one of the most beautiful and touch- 
ing things today that I ever saw in my life." When 
asked what it was, he readily replied. " Why," said 
he, " I saw two aged men, with gray beards, on the 
street shake hands and kiss each other." This was 
something new to him, and made a deep impression 
upon his mind. 

It is ours to carry out the requirements of God's 
Word and he will take care of the results. The Psalm- 
ist says that " out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, 
God hath shined." He shines out of his truth, out of 
the lives of his people, and out of the proper obser- 
vances of his ordinances. 

HolHdaysburg, Pa. 


For Sunday Evening-, January 10, 1909. 

Acts 2: 3-11. 
Song.—" Breathe Upon Us, Holy Spirit.' 1 
I. Fire is a Symbol of 

1. The Holy Spirit. Isa, 4: 4; Matt. 3: 11; 

3, 4. 

2. The Word of God. 

3. The zeal of saints. 

Jer. 5: 14; 23: 29. 
Psa. 39: 3; 119: 139. 

19: 6; 

II. Speaking With Other Tongues 

1. Was predicted. Isa. 28: 11; 1 Cor. 14: 21. 

2. Was promised by Christ. Mark 16: 17. 

3. Existed in the early church. Acts 10: 46; 
1 Cor. 12: 10, 28, 

Note.— 1. "The fiery sword barred the gates of Paradise 
(Gen. 3: 24); the fiery tongue restored the gift" 
St. Cyril. 

2. The fire spoke to the eye; the .tongue to the heart. 

3. With the fiery tongues let us ever recall the Spirit- 
symbol of the D.ove, with its innocent, gentle love. 

4. Do you take part in the meeting? What part? 

Let there be much prayer in this meeting. Pray 
for the Spirit's help to use the tongue in spreading 
the glad tidings of salvation. 
Song.— "Come, Holy Spirit, Heavenly Dove." 


For Week Beginning January 10, 1909. 

Luke 4: 1-13. 

1. A Life that Rises Above This World.—" Man shall 
not live by bread alone." Verse 4. All that this world 
can give will not supply .the longings of an immortal 
soul. The soul that is "born from above" must also 
be supplied from above. 1 Peter 2: 1-3. 

2. A Life of Absolute Faith. — " By every word of God." 
God's Word is spirit and life, and so becomes food for 
the inner man. John 6: 63. While we feed on the Word 
of God, faith itself will be fed, for "faith cometh by hear- 
ing, and hearing by the Word of God." Rom. 10: 17. 

3. A Life of True Worship.—" Thou shalt worship the 
Lord thy God." Verse 8. All the kingdoms of the world 
were no' temptation to Christ, neither should the allure- 
ments of the world today be the least temptation to 
us, as Christians, to render homage to Satan. If Christ 
controls our heart, we crown him "Lord of all." Col 
1: 27. 

4. A Life of Service.— " Him only shalt thou serve." 
Verse 8. "One is your Master, even Christ." Matt. 23: 8. 
Are we conscious, in our daily life and calling, that we 
serve him only? Doing all as for Christ, will change the 
most menial task into a work most holy. It gets rid of 
a grumbling spirit and the prevailing sin of discontent. 
1 Cor. 10: 31. 

5. A Life of Humble Obedience.— " Thou shalt not 
tempt the Lord thy God." Verse 12. Israel in the wilder- 
ness tempted the Lord ten times by not hearkening unto 
his voice. Num. 14: 22. Our unbelief and disobedience 
sorely tempt the loving-kindness of our God. Heb 3- 
12, 13. 

6. A Life of Victory.— " The devil departed from him." 
Verse 13. Victory by the Sword of the Spirit,— the Word 
of God. Following the example of the Master, we may, 
as confidently, use the same weapon against the enemy 
of our souls. Rom. 8: 37. We have the promise of victory 
through our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Cor. 15: 57. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1901 




The whirlwind of God's majesty compels 
The wreck of navies and the crash of woods, 
And titan splinters on the furious rim, 
While at the tranquil center, unabashed, 
A wee bark rides, a reckless robin sings. 

Whatever stress or gale my life shall strip 
Of fortune, friends, or health, I hold but still, 
And safely sing beside thee in the midst! 
Huntingdon, Pa. 


Barbara was exploring an old house that stood on 
the outskirts 'of the town. She went through it 
slowly, half afraid of rotten timbers and falling beams. 
As she went to climb the stairs, she held fast to the 
banister and it was well that she did, for one of the 
steps crumbled beneath her feet and she would have 
fallen, if she had not clung to the banister and so 
regained her footing. " A broken stairway like that 
is a thing to be avoided/' said Barbara. And, truly, 
a stairway should be safe and strong, so that no one 
will suffer harm by its use. Longfellow writes of 
our building structures with the todays and yesterdays. 
He asks us. to build strong add sure and use the 
materials which are at hand. 

" Else our lives are incomplete, 

Standing in these walls of Time; 
Broken stairways where the feet 
Stumble as they seek to climb." 

Is my life like a broken stairway ? Have the feet 
of those who strove to ascend, stumbled and gone 
downward because of the broken promises and pur- 
poseless living of the past year? Has my own gloom 
and discouragement been the means of bringing des- 
pair to my sister, whose footsteps were lagging for 
lack of inspiration and hope ? If so, let me forget these 
failures in the unfaltering purpose of this new year, 
to make a right beginning, and then press forward 
to better thing's. 

And what about the building of the days that are 
to come? No, we are not going to put in brittle 
promises, neither will we have room for half-hearted 
intentions, nor for deeds prompted by malice. These 
things make a building' with broken stairways, which 
must finally be condemned by the Master Builder. 

There is no circumstance in life that may not have a 
place in this building. There is no event so trifling 
or so adverse but that the Master Builder has designed 
a niche for it. In this structure, which you and I are 
building, every test, and every hopeful thing, with 
reverses and earthly glory, with failure and loss, as 
well as success and gain, shall find its appointed 
place as in a building fitly framed together. 

To be satisfied with the old year is to fail in the 
new. If the owner of an old, poorly-built house is 
contented in it, and lives there from day to day, with- 
out even a desire for a better house, he is likely to be 
its tenant so long as it stands. He is untroubled by 
the broken stairways, where strangers stumble and 

.If the old year, just gone, is the greatest year of 
your life, it is small, as compared with what God will 
help you to make of the new year. The dying year 
always brings to our thoughts the brevity of life. 
When we were children, it seemed such a long time 
between the New Year's Days. Now they come and 
go with dizzy rapidity, like milestones watched from 
the window of a swiftly-moving train. In the 
year that is gone, each day brought its trial, its 
temptation, its test, for us. Sometimes we yielded 
and failed ; at other times we stood the test, and 
thus became stronger in the power of his might. The 
old year has had its day and use, and another year 
will tell another year's story. The new year, at least, 
gives promise of strength and advance upon that 
which has been. 

Through all the past centuries certain individuals 
have found it easy to gain the heights, but the slow- 
moving multitude are on the plain, bowed under the 
weight of heavy burdens. During this year we want 

to rise to higher levels. Perhaps that is not so diffi- 
cult if we go about it in the right way. 

First we must get rid of that feeling of hatred, of 
envy, of malice. All of these add to our burden. Let 
them go. And after you have once got rid of the 
envy and jealousy, with which you regarded your 
friend, and given a kindly thought to the brother 
you hated, you will be surprised to find yourself hap- 
pier and younger thao you were a year ago. You will 
see that the world is a beautiful place and you are 
free to enjoy God's blessings. 

In your building of the closing year you may have 
placed some poor material. Shattered ideals and 
wasted energies make untrustworthy lumber; broken 
promises and wasted time help to bring about many 
a broken stairway. Today we can build better, and 
although we cannot change the past, it is possible 
partially to redeem it. We must recognize our weak- 
nesses, mistakes and sins, and note where we have 
failed and come short. 

Then let us, resolutely and hopefuly, turn our faces 
towards the future. We have learned that God's 
plan is best, and when we build according to his 
design, the result is harmonious and enduring. Mis- 
takes and failures simply mean : Don't do that again ; 
leave out those things that injure the structure of your 

Let us heed the voice of God on the danger of 
prosperity: "Lest when thou hast eaten and art full, 
and hast built goodly houses, and dwelt therein, and 
all that thou hast is multiplied, thou say in thine heart, 
My power and the might of mine hand have given me 
this wealth." If you have built up a character which 
may be compared to a " goodly house," praise God 
for it. God gives the power to do good. He has 
blessed you that you may be a blessing to others. 
The strong are those who make the most of life as it 
comes to them, who yield to neither difficulties nor 
disappointments; their deeds are woven into every 
progress. The weak are those who crumble like sand 
ramparts at the first test. They are willing to forego 
all the honors of life if they can thus escape the striv- 
ing that precedes the honors. Let us all strive lawfully 
for life's best things. 

" Oli, New Year, welcome! It may be 
Your hands are full of gifts to crown 
Our hearts with gladness, and to drown 
The voice of yearning memory." 
Covington, Ohio. 


Sister Mary Hardman was the first member of the 
Church of the Brethren to cross the Rocky Mountains, 
so far as the writer has been able to learn. She was 
born July 10, 1823, near Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio,— 
the daughter of Seth and Elizabeth Backus. Her 
early life was spent in Ohio, and Portage Prairie, Ind., 
near the town of South Bend. When nineteen years 
of age she was married, Sept. 8, 1842, to Samuel 

After six years of married life, blessed with two 
sons and two daughters, they decided to go to the 
Far West. Oct. 9, 1848, their ox team -was di- 
rected towards the setting of the sun. After nine 
weeks of travel, crossing the Mississippi River at Bur- 
lington, Iowa, they stopped for the winter in Andrew 
County, Mo. There Bro. Hardman was confined to 
his bed with a severe illness for about two months. 
It was a hard, cold winter and brought to them no 
little hardship. 

They remained in Missouri for some time, in or- 
der to make more complete preparation for the long 
journey across the plains. By this time seven families, 
numbering twenty-three adults and fourteen children, 
joined their company. They crossed the Missouri 
River in the early spring of 1850. Bravely facing the 
many dangers of such a journey, they moved slowly 
westward, among large herds of wild buffalo, antelope, 
and other wild game of the plains. The crossing of 
rivers, and dangerous places in the mountains, the 
long, tedious drives, the difficulty of securing suitable 
camping grounds, where water could be found, — all 
this furnished to the weary travelers a great variety 
of experience, with plenty of hardships to endure. 

Sister Hardman relates that in places ropes had to 
be tied to the wagons so that the men, women, and 
children, could hold the wagons from going over the 
mountain side, while the oxen slowly crept forward, 
until the place of danger was passed. 

The Indians had to be watched day and night. Sis- 
ter Hardman says that sometimes in the evening, when 
they stopped for the night, only a few Indians were 
around, but by morning hundreds of them would be 
around their camp, and sometimes would follow them 
all day. With much watchfulness, and by treating the 
Indians kindly, they managed to escape any serious 
clash with them, only losing one of their horses. 

After months of hard traveling, amidst many dan- 
gers, they reached, what is now known as Albany, 
Oregon, Sept. 20, 1S50. They at once set about to 
build up a home in the Golden West. Four sons and 
one daughter were barn to Brother and Sister Hard- 
man in Oregon. Bro. Hardman was soon able, after 
their arrival in Oregon, to develop a good farm, where 
he resided until his death some years ago. Sister 
Hardman is now living on the old farm, with one of 
her sons. She is strong and vigorous for one of her 
age. The writer called to visit her in her old home, 
about two months ago, and found her busily engaged 
in picking geese. She said that work was a pleasure 
to her. 

Sister Hardman was baptized in the Church of the 
Rrethren sixty-five years ago last May. She is much 
loved and honored by all, who have formed her ac- 
quaintance. May her remaining days on earth be joy- 
ful, and her departure the death of the righteous! 

Portland, Oregon. 

The impress that man makes on mankind depends 
upon what he believes — upon what he loves, ami men 
of pure thought shine like stars and make others purer 
by being purely shone upon. One of the benefits de- 
rived from poetry is that it fdls a mind so full of 
beautiful thoughts that there is no room for impure 


The sisters' aid society was organised at the White 
Branch house Nov. 12, 1908. Sister Jane Allen is presi- 
dent; Lizzie Bowman, vice-president; Jennie Moore, treas- 
urer. Much interest is shown in the work,— Letha Bow- 
man, Secretary, Hngcrstown, Ind., Dec. 15. 


The aid society of the Liberty church was reorgan- 
ized April 18, 1908, with Sister Adda Robinson, president; 
Sister Anna Wolfe, secretary, and Sister Milly Wolfe, 
treasurer. We held fifteen meetings with an average 
attendance of eleven. We made and sold fifty yards of 
carpet, which netted $18.70, and by other means we 
received $27.50, having new in the treasury $51.10. — Anna 
Wolfe, Box 54, Liberty, TIL, Dec. 10. 

The sisters' sewing circle met at this place Nov. 12, 
for an all-day sewing. The business meeting was opened 
by devotional exercises. A response to roll call was given 
by Scriptural verses. The collection amounted to $6.70; 
$3 was donated for a worthy sister. About thirty-two 
were present, all of whom greatly enjoyed the day. Wie 
believe much benefit was derived from associating with 
one another. We accomplished considerable work, Some 
sewing was done for a sister, and a Christmas box of 
clothing was prepared for the Vernon church in Los 
Angeles, Several garments were also made for a poor 
family. — Laura Brubaker, Secretary and Treasurer, R. D. 
2, Covina, Cai., Nov. 28, 

Since our last report, three months ago, the sisters' aid 
society of the Osage church held six meetings, with an 
average attendance of ten. We pieced quilts, served lunch 
at one sale, prepared two sacks of clothing, containing 157 
garments and bedding. The amount of cash collected 
during the quarter is $31.16; amount expended for benevo- 
lent purposes, $14.55; for church supplies, $18.81; other 
expenses, $6.25. Total amount of money paid out is 
$39.61. Amount of cash on hand, $24.96. also material 
valued at $5.50. We recently reorganized, « with Sister 
Mary Ulery, president; Sister Susie Nicholson, vice- 
president; the writer, secretary and treasurer. — Mary 
Neher, McCune, Kans., Dec. 17. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 

16 to 24 South State Street, Elgin, Illinois 



Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding' Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa. 

H.-C. Early Penn Laird Va. 

Grant Malian Omaja. Cuba. 

Business Manager, R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee. 

Chas. M. Tearout. Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

fTK-AIl business and (•firamiinlcatlotiB Intended for the paper should bo addressed 
to the BRETHREN ri'l-U.ISHlNO HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL., and not to any Indi- 
vidual connected with It. 

Entered at the Postofnco at Elgin, Ul.. as Socond-cla&s Matter. 

The recent revival at Bagley, Iowa, resulted in five 
young people being added to the church by confession 
and baptism. 

Bro. W. E. West held a revival at South Keokuk, 
Iowa, and eleven persons came out on the Lord's side 
and were baptized. 

Bro. A. J. Wine writes us that Bro. P. R. Wrights- 
man, of Saginaw, Texas, is still a very sick man and 
that his recovery is doubtful. 

The members at Ingalls, Ind., have remodeled their 
meetinghouse and expect to have it completed, and 
ready to dedicate January 24. 

During a Bible Institute in the Sunfield church, 
Mich., conducted by Bro. J. Edson Ulery, seven con- 
fessed Christ and were baptized. 

The meetings in the Richland church, Ohio, still 
continue. On Christmas Day seven were baptized and 
others seem to be near the kingdom. 

During the late revival in the Longmeadow church, 
Maryland, five put on Christ in the holy rite of bap- 
tism, and two were restored to fellowship. 

During a series of meetings in the Johnstown con- 
gregation, Pa., at the Benschoff Hill house, thirteen 
made the good confession and were baptized. 

Bro. H. C. Crumpacker closed his meetings at Lan- 
ark last week with fifteen accessions. His next point 
was Shannon, near by, where he devotes five days to 
a special Bible term. 

Bro. J. W. Lear closed his revival work in Milford, 
Ind., on Christmas, with twenty accessions to the 
church, three being reclaimed, sixteen baptized and 
one awaiting the initiatory rite. 

On the evening of Jan. 23 Bro. S. Z. Smith closed 
evangelistic services in the Upper Stillwater church, 
Ohio, with eleven coming out on the Lord's side. One 
is to be restored to fellowship. 

Commencing Nov. 29 and closing Dec. 20, Bro. 
J. W. Fidler, of Dayton, Ohio, delivered twenty-four 
discourses at White, Ind. Eleven persons were bap- 
tized and two returned to the fold. 

A series of meetings in Decatur, 111., closed on 
Christmas eve with five accessions by faith, repentance 
and baptism, and one awaits the initiatory rite. 

The Brethren at Enders, Nebr., find their present 
place of worship too small for their growing congre- 
gation and Sunday school, and have decided to build 
a new house with necessary conveniences. 

Bro. Albert Hollinger held a series of meetings at 
the Mingo house, in the Mingo congregation, Pa., and 
eleven were added to the church by faith and the ac- 
ceptance of baptism. One is yet to be baptized. 

Bro. I. B. Trout left here last week for New Car- 
lisle, Ohio, and is spending this week, at work in the 
Sunday-school Teachers' Institute at that place. 

Bro. Wm. Lampin did some effectual evangelistic 
work at Wichita, Kans. There were thirty accessions, 
and seven of the fourteen men, who accepted the con- 
ditions of pardon, have been members of secret orders. 

North Manchester College, Ind., is out with an 
interesting program of a special Bible term, beginning 
Jan. 4, and closing the 15th. Good instructors have 
been secured and something helpful and uplifting is 

Christmas passed- off very pleasantly in Elgin. A 
program, in which children took the more active part, 
was rendered at the church, after which they were 
treated in the usual way and sent home full of good 
cheer. The attendance was unusually large. 

The Brethren at Mt. Morris will begin their Special 
Bible Term next Monday and promise much that is 
interesting and ■ instructive. We hope to hear of a 
large attendance, especially from Northern Illinois. 
Most of our people do not appreciate these Bible terms 
as they should. 

The Bible Institute, Juniata College, Hunting- 
don, Pa., begins Jan. 15 and closes the 29th. Brethren 
A. H. Haines, W. M. Howe and T. T. Myers will be 
the instructors. Brethren M. G. Brumbaugh and W. J. 
Swigart are booked for several addresses. Beginning 
on the evening of Jan. 18, Bro. Howe will conduct 
revival services. Some good things are promised those 
who attend. 

Bro. John Woodard, of Columbia, Mo., who has 
done some acceptable writing for the Messenger, called 
on us the day following Christmas. For a number of 
years his parents made their home near the Manatee 
River, Fla., and were probably the first members to 
locate in the State. Bro. Woodard is taking the Agri- 
cultural Course in Columbia College, and is to grad- 
uate in another year. 

Bro. Emra T. Fike, of Maryland, devoted nearly 
two weeks to evangelistic work in the Pleasant Valley 
church, W. Va., and had the pleasure of seeing ten 
enter the fold through the door of Christian baptism. 

A strong effort will be made to complete the meet- 
inghouse in Kansas City, Mo. It will be remembered 
that only the basement portion of the building has 
been finished and made ready for services. North- 
eastern Kansas and Middle Missouri are especially in- 
terested in this work, and it seems to us that, the 
necessary funds for completing the house ought to be 
raised without much difficulty. A united effort, with a 
willingness to give, will produce the necessary re- 
sults. ■ 

On page 14, this issue, Bro. S. Z. Sharp tells us 
about a congregation of one hundred members, that 
has little trouble in raising all the money needed to 
build churches and carry on the Lord's work. It is 
to be presumed that all these members have learned 
to give willingly and liberally, and when that is the 
case, they can raise money, and not make much stir 
about it. We are not told about the method, but 
members who give freely and often, need no ingenious 
methods. They simply give and that is all there is 
of it. They do not need to be hired to give, or coaxed, 

Chas. Wesley, the famous hymn writer, was born 
in England in December, 1708. This was the year 
that Alexander Mack and his comrades began their 
reformatory work in Germany. Chas. Wesley was a 
man of fine scholarship, a fluent preacher, and perhaps 
the best hymn writer who ever lived. He is said to 
have written not less than ten thousand hymns, 5,000 
of which were published. In 1735, or sixteen years 
after the Brethren settled in America, he visited 
Georgia, and in company with his gifted brother, John, 
did some mission work. He retired from active work 
in 1756 and lived in London until his death in 1788. 
At this time Alexander Mack, Jr., was still living, and 
Eld. Geo. Wolf, of Far Western Brethren fame, was 
eight years old. 

Just before Christmas a number of the Bethany stu- 
dents called on us. And while we do not recall all 
their names, still it afforded us pleasure to meet them. 
Some of them were here for the first time and they 
greatly enjoyed being shown through the Publishing 
House. It usually takes a full half hour to go through 
the House and visit all the departments. 

For a Christmas present Bro. D. L. Garver, of Hart, 
Mich., sends us a copy of his interesting book, " The 
Devil's Trinity, War, Rum and Secret Societies." 
These subjects, and a few others, are treated in 198 
short, interesting and pointed articles. Any of the 
articles may be read in from one to three minutes, and 
each has for its object a well-defined purpose. The 
work is certain to do good. 

Of late we have received a number of contributions 
to the Poor Fund, a fund used for sending the Mes- 
senger to the deserving poor. We are very grateful 
for these contributions, as we are thereby enabled to 
respond to the earnest calls of a number of poor mem- 
bers. Some of our patrons remit two dollars, saying 
that the $1.50 is to renew their subscription to the 
Messenger, donating the rest for this fund. Occa- 
sionally a church takes up a collection for the purpose. 
We hope those who feel to do so, will continue to re- 
member the poor with their contributions. If they 
could see some of the letters we receive from poor 
members, who have been permitted to read the Mes- 
senger because of the liberality of others, they would 
feel more than compensated for all they have con- 

At the morning services in Elgin, last Sunday, spe- 
cial attention was given to the Sunday-school interests. 
An address was given on the importance of Sunday- 
school work, and the necessity of consecration and a 
thorough preparation upon the part of the teachers and 
officers. This was followed by the installation of the 
officers and teachers for the ensuing year. It is our 
custom to select members only for every department 
of our Sunday-school work, and, before entering 
upon their duties, they are told of the importance of 
preparation, efficiency and faithfulness to the church in 
their work, and are asked to signify, by standing, 
their willingness to accept their appointment in good 
faith, and pledge themselves to give the Sunday-school 
interest their very best efforts. Then follows the ear- 
nest consecration prayer. Before leaving the house, 
one of the Sunday-school scholars was led into the 
water and baptized. 

We call special attention to what is said on page 14, 
this issue, concerning mission work in the South. 
There can be no question about the Southern fields be- 
ing neglected by our people, and this applies to the 
blacks as well as to the whites. Over forty years have 
gone by since an end .was put to slavery in this country, 
and yet we do not have more than one congregation 
of colored people in the whole United States. We 
have done better by the whites, but we are not doing 
what should be done. We ought to have a dozen or 
more missionaries in the Southern States. There is 
room for more than a thousand, but a dozen will do 
to start with. Before anything can be undertaken in 
this direction, there must be an active cooperation of 
the District Mission Boards of the South with the 
General Mission Board of the Brotherhood. The ter- 
ritory assigned to the District Boards of Tennessee and 
North Carolina takes in all the States south of Virginia 
and east of the Mississippi River, — too much for two 
boards. The Southern States west of the Mississippi 
are divided between the two boards of Arkansas, and 
Texas and Louisiana. By these four boards cooperat- 
ing with the General Board, we feel confident much 
might be accomplished. These boards should plan 
their work so as to cover as much territory as possi- 
ble, see what the respective districts themselves will 
do, and ascertain what assistance can be secured from 
the General Board. Then they will be in a position to 
act. Some boards in the South have already done this, 
and we can expect good results. Itis now up to the 
others to fall into line, and in the course of a few years 
we may be able to report a score of active missions in 
the Southern States, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 

The special Bible term at Elizabeth town, Pa., be- 
gins Jan. 18, and closes Jan. 31. A number .of effi- 
cient instructors have been secured, and those who 
attend are promised the best there is in store. Jan. 26 
and 27 Mr. A. Forder, of Jerusalem, has promised to 
deliver a few addresses. He will be remembered as 
the gentleman who furnished the upper room in Jeru- 
salem for the love feast held by a small group of our 
people, a few years ago. See further notice on an- 
other page. 

It is a mistake to rate the value of a protracted 
meeting by the number of accessions to the church. 
True, we work in these meetings for the salvation of 
others, but sometimes churches need to be converted. 
Jesus at one time said to Simon Peter : " When thou 
art converted strengthen thy brethren." There are 
churches that do not have spirit enough in them to 
move their own membership to action, let alone others. 
They remind us of the engine that cannot get up steam 
enough to turn its own wheels. Surely, such an en- 
gine could not be expected to move a long train of 
cars. Just so with some congregations ; they are cold, 
indifferent and weak. They need reviving, and it may 
be well, sometimes, to send for a preacher who knows 
how to put new life into an inactive church, so as to 
prepare the members to aid in the conversion of oth- 
ers. In some of our protracted meetings it might be 
good to have this as the only object in view. 

With this, the beginning of one more volume of the 
Messenger, we enter upon the first year of another 
century in the history of the Brethren church. Two 
hundred years ago a band of earnest men and women 
undertook the reorganization of the church of Christ 
on earth. They did not believe that true Christianity 
had disappeared from the earth, but since they knew 
of no organization, whose faith and practice embraced 
the whole Gospel, they felt it their privilege as well 
as their duty, under the circumstances, to come out 
from the churches with which they had been worship- 
ing, and take their stand for the New Testament order 
of worship, as they at that time understood the Word 
of God to teach. 

Their first step, after examining the Scriptures care- 
fully, was to discard all creeds and confessions of 
faith, and agree upon the New Testament as their 
rule of faith and practice, with the understanding that 
they would accept additional light as it came to them. 
Tor the apostolic form of baptism they might have 
applied to some of the ministers of their day, for trine 
immersion was still extensively practiced both in Asia 
■and Europe,- but they chose to place themselves under 
'obligations to no man or set of men, so, aiding each 
-other., the New Testament form of baptism became 
Sheiif rule, without any regard whatever to the claims 
«of those who believed in apostolic and organic suc- 

With the New Testament as their creed, they had a 
clear track and went everywhere preaching the whole 
Gospel. They not only preach the Word, but, so far 
as they understood it, they practiced it, and at the 
same time came out from the world and remained 
a separate people. Considering the opposition, met on 
every hand, their growth was marvelous, and had it 
not been for persecution, the Church of the Brethren, 
with Alexander Mack as the first minister, might have 
become one of the strongest religious bodies in Europe. 
But persecution made it necessary for them to flee 
into the wilderness of America, and that is why the 
main body of the church is now, at the beginning of 
rier third century, on the west side of the Atlantic 
instead of the east side. 

The beginning of our second century, 1809, found 
the Brethren unusually active in what was then con- 
sidered the spreading of the Gospel. Bands of them 
emigrated southward and westward. They had al- 
ready reached as far south as North Carolina, Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky, and as far west as Missouri. 
Not a year went by without churches springing up 
here and there. At their own expense the ministers 
traveled and preached, and wherever they went they 
received a hearing. It was a period of wonderful 
awakening, and if the church would have had a reli- 

gious paper in those days, with a wide-awake editor, 
some interesting and encouraging missionary news 
would have been published, — not the kind of news that 
we print these days, but such as was looked upon as 
genuine missionary news by the pioneer fathers and 

We end the second period of our history with 
churches, Sunday schools and colleges scattered from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific, and several missions and 
churches in foreign countries, and enter upoh the 
work of another century with conditions entirely dif- 
ferent from those confronting the fathers one and 
two hundred years ago. But the same book they had 
for their creed is still looked upon as the infallible rule 
of the church. True, we have several books, filled 
with decisions of our Conferences, but these books 
are not creeds, and they have never been so regarded. 
Their sole purpose is to help unify the church, to aid 
us as much as possible to understand the Gospel alike, 
and to help us to adjust our manner of living and 
worship to this understanding. Viewed in this sense, 
the minutes have helped us, but in time wc are likely 
to become so thoroughly unified as to have practically 
little use for most of our Conference decisions. 

But we are never to dispense with the New Testa- 
ment as our standard of faith and order of worship. 
Every move upon our part should be to get still closer 
to the Written Word, having for our object the pur- 
pose adopted by those first in our reformatory move- 
ment in Germany, — the restoring of the New Testa- 
ment order of faith and practice. Regarding this pur- 
pose, the Brethren are still well united. True, we 
have our differences, but these differences do not in- 
volve principles, but rather methods and contingencies. 
In fact, we have always stood united on gospel prin- 

We enter upon 1909 as solid as a rock on the gospel 
principles, but we differ regarding the methods for 
carrying out some of these principles. These differ- 
ences, respecting methods, do not affect any of our 
accepted fundamentals unless it be the dress question. 
Just now there is considerable unrest among us on this 
question and sooner or later it will come to the front 
for special consideration, but with the experiences of 
the past, and aided by the Holy Spirit, we ought to 
be wise enough to handle it so as not to jeopardize 
either the church or the spiritual life of any of the 
well-meaning members. The unrest is regarding the 
method of maintaining New Testament simplicity in 
the Christian attire, and it is to be hoped that the prin- 
ciple itself will not become involved. 

There are other methods now before us as open 
questions, to be considered at the approaching Con- 
ference, and while they may give rise to some ex- 
change of views through the Messenger, as well as in 
the open Conference next June, they are not likely to 
disturb the peace and harmony of the body in the 
'least. The most serious question, and the one that 
must be handled with more than ordinary skill, in 
order to strengthen the bond of fellowship, and at 
the same time duly respect the gospel principles, is the 
one referred to in the preceding paragraph. 

But without losing sight of these conditions, we need 
to put forth extra efforts to bring about a higher order 
of spirituality among our people. Wc have not reached 
the spiritual plane contemplated by the New Testa- 
ment writers. We have given much attention to the 
externals of Christianity, but wc have not always em- 
phasized the importance of the deeper work of grace 
in the heart as we should have done. And while labor- 
ing more earnestly than ever before in defense of the 
whole Gospel, with the purpose of becoming still more 
separate from the world, we need, during this year of 
grace, 1909, deeply to concern ourselves about the 
spiritual side of life, for it must be evident, to any 
observing member, that we have not, heretofore, given 
as much attention to the spiritual side of our religion 
as we have to the external side. 

The doctor said, in answer to an inquiry, " Yes! a 
trip to California may be helpful to you. Go and 
settle down in a quiet, restful place, spend the winter 
outdoors, in the sunshine, among the flowers, and it 
will do you good." An Oriental proverb says, " The 

wise man first finds out the kind of advice his friends 
want and acts accordingly." A good rule if you want 
your advice taken, but not up to the standard of 
Christian ethics. The Doctor's advice was in accord 
with our desires, therefore easy to take. Result, this 
writing finds us quietly resting in the beautiful college 
town of Lordsburg, Cal., in the land of sunshine and 

And the sunshine and flowers are here. Our gen- 
erous hostess, Sister Thos. Keiser, has just brought 
in a great handful of large, beautiful chrysanthemums, 
such as Eastern florists sell at this season of the year 
at two dollars per dozen, and in the dooryards about 
here hundreds of them arc in full bloom. And the 
roses and sweet violets, and the carnations and ger- 
aniums are doing their best in vying with each other 
in beauty of color and sweetness of fragrance. Then, 
too, the orange groves are laden with a great burden 
of fruit, already taking on the color of gold, and 
very soon pickers and packers will be busy getting 
the fruit ready for the market. Also, the days, and 
days, of bright, warm sunshine arc here, and it all 
seems like a fairy land, when compared with the 
pitiless ice and snow of the Northwest. 

It is said that the world is smaller now than it used 
to be. Perhaps it were nearer the truth to say that 
wc have learned the secret of annihilating distances, 
and have brought remote places closer together, in 
point of time. Sonic of our readers will easily re- 
member when' the journey from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Coast took from four to six months 
of weary ox team work, and of watchfulness against 
hostile Indians. Now you may take the Los Angeles 
Limited in Chicago, via the North-Western, Union 
Pacific, and San Pedro railways, and in seventy hours 
reach Los Angeles. These seventy hours you may 
spend in a first-class hotel on wheels, passing over 
as fine a road bed as is to be found in the country. 
You have a comfortable bed, a library and reading 
room, with all the latest papers and best magazines, 
your meals served regularly, or, if you prefer, you 
may enjoy the luxury of a well-filled lunch basket 
en route. And this run is not exceptional. Every 
day in the week, and every week in the year, one of 
these Limited trains arrives in Los Angeles on time, 
no unavoidable delay preventing. 

Kindly indulge me in a bit of prophecy. Within 
the experience of many who are now living, Chicago 
and Los Angeles will be less than fifteen hours apart. 
Then the air-ship, now in its first stage of crude 
development, will have been brought to a high degree 
of perfection, then will the great aero-motor navigate 
the air, crossing the continent as the crow flies, from 
New York to San Francisco, in twenty hours or less. 
Passengers will be carried with greater safety and more 
comfort than now. There will be first and second- 
class berths and a dining room fur the one or two 
meals necessary on the trip. One may then eat 
an early breakfast in Chicago and a late supper in 
Los Angeles, making the entire trip by daylight. 

If you are in doubt as to the coming of the air- 
ship of the future, call to mind how, fifty years ago, 
the horseless carriage was thought to be the wildest 
fancy of a disordered brain, and how, nowadays, a 
record of seventy miles an hour is not an unusual 
thing for our best automobiles. Then look over the 
Congressional Record, and read the speeches, made 
by eminent statesmen, when the Union Pacific Rail- 
way bill was under consideration, who said it would 
be impossible to build an engine powerful enough to 
carry water and coal, in sufficient quantity, to run it 
across the Great American Desert. Also call to mem- 
ory how, when Fulton was applying steam to naviga- 
tion, an English statesman of renown said, ironically, 
that he would agree to eat the first engine that pro- 
pelled a boat across the Atlantic. 

The last half of the nineteenth century witnessed 
wonderful discoveries, and all these are to be sur- 
passed in the first half of the twentieth. We are on 
the very threshold of some of the most important 
discoveries the world has known. 
' And what remarkable changes in railways have 
taken place in the last half century! Then the first 
line across the continent, — the Union Pacific, — had 
just been opened and it belonged to the Rough Rider 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 

class of roads. Now there are half a dozen or more 
transcontinental lines, and more are building, and you 
will find no better roadbeds in the country. 

When the first road was constructed, engineers and 
builders sought the line of least resistance. Great 
curves were made to avoid tunnels, cuts and fills, and 
the line materially lengthened. And little wonder, 
for Uncle Sam generously aided the company to the 
extent of twenty thousand dollars per. mile, — a sum 
in excess of the cost of that part of the road laid 
across level plains, and through the great valleys. 
So the curves were made, the cost of construction 
lessened and the miles of road increased. In these 
modern days of railway combinations more money has 
been spent in taking out the curves, and in the better- 
ment of the line than was spent in its building. 

The Great Salt Lake cut-off is a striking example 
of improvement. When the road was built, the track 
was laid around the end of the lake. A few years 
ago Mr. Harriman determined to run the line across 
the lake, and this great feat of engineering has been 
accomplished at a cost of multiplied millions of dollars, 
and now, in going to San Francisco, you cross the 
lake and save an hour or more in time. So the curves 
have been taken out of the old road bed, tunnels have 
been bored through hills and mountains, deep cuts 
opened, valleys filled and the line made shorter and 

But to reach Los Angeles from Salt Lake, one had 
to make the trip to San Francisco, a distance of eight 
hundred miles, and then travel south five hundred 
miles, before reaching the land of sunshine and flow- 
ers. This distance of five hundred miles has v been 
cut out and a road has been built from Salt Lake to 
Los Angeles, following a valley of easy grades and 
slight curves, thus making it possible to reach Los 
Angeles from Chicago in a little more than three days 
by this route. 

It is popular, these days, to berate the railroads and 
to belittle the good the}' have done. The writer be- 
lieves in giving them full credit for what they have 
accomplished in opening up and developing the coun- 
try. Without the aid of the roads, the American 
Desert would be a desert still, and our Great Western 
Empire, undeveloped, would be the home off the 
buffalo and the savage. Honor to whom honor is 
due, and a square deal and just treatment to all 
alike, is what is asked for, and every just and righteous 
man will accord this. If wrongs have been done in 
the past, let these be righted, as far as possible, and 
the avenues for wrongdoing be carefully guarded in 
the future, but do not let us fall in with the clamor 
against one of the greatest factors in the development 
of our country. 

Our colored porter on the sleeper was, in a way, a 
character worth studying. It was noticed that he 
spoke the English fluently and correctly. One would 
have taken him for an educated man anywhere. Up- 
on inquiry we learned that he was born in British 
New Guinea. When a lad he was taken into the home 
of a good missionary. These people educated him and 
he lived with the family until it was broken up by 
death. He lived in Africa and in India, where he 
learned to speak the Hindnstanee fluently. Later he 
came with the missionaries to Europe, where his bene- 
factor died. He then found his way to Chicago, 
where he graduated from the Illinois Dental College! 
working his way through the school. He is now 
serving as a porter, in order to secure money to open 
a dental office among his own people. Here is an 
illustration of what the genuine colored man can 
do if given an opportunity. 

And by contrast here is what white men may be- 
come by choice, if they follow the ways of sin. At 
Earstow our train stopped in the early morning to 
take water and fuel. A half dozen tramps, who had 
been riding all night on the rods and bars underneath 
the cars, crawled out from their perilous riding 
places, and a harder looking lot of human beings 
one seldom sees in this world. The night had been 
cold with frost and snow, their clothing was covered 
with frost crystals and when they came out of their 
uncomfortable quarters, they were so cramped and 
stiffened with cold that they were scarcely able to 
walk. One felt, at the first, inclined to pity these 

young men, but then they are tramps from choice, 
and choose this life rather than a life of honesty, arid 
of helpful service, so that one feels they are only 
getting what they bargain for. The educated colored 
man, working as a porter inside the car, is far in 
•advance of the white tramp, stealing a ride on the 
railway, and stealing his living and more. 

At this writing we are at Lordsburg, Cal. The 
"Bible Term is in session now and we are having in- 
teresting meetings. Yesterday, Lord's Day, Bro. 
James Gilbert preached in the morning, and Bro. E. 
T. Keiser in the evening. After the evening services 
two came forward, determining to leave the world 
and' its allurements, and to unite with the people of 

God. D. L. M. 

The past year, to the Church of the Brethren, has 

been a year of looking back. There never was a time, 
since our organization as a church,' in her present 
organized form, that her past history has been so 
carefully and fully set forth, before our own people 
and the world, as during the present year. By means 
of the addresses made during the Bicentennial ex- 
ercises, at our late Conference, and then having them 
published in book form, a large opportunity has been 
given to let the world kriow, more than ever before, 
about our past history. 

And what should afford us much satisfaction is, 
that in our past there is nothing of which we need 
to be ashamed. When we say this we have reference 
to our early history, the things which led up to our 
beginnings and organization. Of the progress mad'e 
it is not our purpose to speak.. That we are not now, 
where we should be, in progress, influence and power, 
we all feel and are ready to admit. There should 
be a continuing of the rolling and enlarging of our 
ball. While it has continued to roll, its enlarging, 
its growth, has not been at all in proportion to the 
greatness of the demand and purpose. 

If we expect and desire the Christ kingdom to come 
in our day and generation, there must be a mighty 
stirring up of dry bones, — a grand rally for Jesus 
. and the salvation of souls. The church of Jesus 
Christ was never intended to stand still. It was to be, 
and is, a soul-saving institution, and as long as there 
are souls to save there is work to do. Paul had the 
true Christ spirit, when he was made to say : " For- 
getting those things which are behind, . . . I press to- 
ward the mark." We are always, in a special way, 
impressed with the use which Paul makes of the word 
" press." In his use of it he puts a meaning into it 
that makes us feel his earnestness and see his push. 
He is running a race to save a perishing soul. Souls 
must be saved because Jesus died to save them. 

When a man is found, ready to perish in a burning 
building, or helplessly drowning, we don't stop to 
ask him what he will do if rescued. It is enough for 
us to know that he wants to be saved, and we put 
forth every effort to save him, and so we should feel 
and do when we see souls perishing in sin. 

But we have now, perhaps, been looking back over 
our past history sufficiently long to give us the needed 
preparation for the forward step, and it is time, yea 
high time, to take the forward look and make the 
forward move. And what shall be seen? How shall 
we do ? If we wish to take the forward look, 
and see the forward things, we must turn our faces, 
our feet, and. our minds, in the forward direction. 
And before doing this we must know what we want 
to see, — what we want to do. 

We have in mind the church of Jesus Christ. It 
is the church through which God is pleased to save 
the world, — save souls. Therefore our church must 
be the church of Christ. What shall we do to find it ? 
Where shall we go to see it? Some would say, Go 
to the different sects, as we now have them. Go to 
their confessions of faith, to their written creeds. 
Others would say, in a narrower sense. Go to the 
Church of the Brethren, — to their decisions. No. 
not there, not to any of these places. The church of 
Jesus Christ was never found in this way. The eight 
souls at Schwarzenau did not find the church hi this 
way. Blot out, or burn, all the confessions of faith 
and all the conference decisions in the werj.d. today. 

and the church of Jesus Christ would be as readily and 
easily, found without them. 

Jesus Christ, by the will of God, is our only 
source of salvation. He has reached his plan of salva- 
tion through his Word, as revealed to us by his chosen 
apostles, which is the power of God unto salvation 
to all who believe and accept. Therefore those, who 
believe and accept this Gospel, are the children of 
God, and form the church of Jesus Christ. Hence, 
as long as we have the Scriptures, the Gospel, the 
Bible, we can find the church of Jesus Christ. About 
this there can be no doubt. 

We have always been glad to know that, for the 
first seventy-five or more years, after the organiza- 
tion of the church in America, no printed copies 
were kept of their Conference decisions, — not be- 
cause we would not like to know what they did, but 
because of the spirit of carefulness which caused them 
to refrain from having them printed. Their fear 
was that, in a short time, when troubles would arise, 
instead of going to the Scriptures, in evidence; they 
would refer to these decisions and make them the 
law for settlement, instead of the Gospel. This 
would have been a serious violation of the profes- 
sion which they had made, tlrat the Scriptures alone 
should be their rule of belief and action, and that was 
right. And so we believe yet, and so we profess. 
While decisions, thus made, may be helps and advice, 
they should be nothing more. 

Then, what is it we want and wish in our forward 
look? We want the church of Jesus Christ, as found- 
ed on his Word, untrammeled and free from the 
opinions and decisions of men. The Bible always 
has been and must continue to be the " Open Book " 
for the church of Jesus Christ and for the ages. 

The question may be asked : Were not the Chris- 
tians of a hundred years or more, better able to right- 
ly interpret the Scriptures than they are today? The 
answer must be, No. It could not be otherwise. 
Again, we may ask: Could they do it as well? We 
may answer, Yes. And we may answer, No, and not 
be far wrong in either way. They could do it well 
enough for their time and generation. The sincere 
seeker after truth can always find his need and God's 
will by asking. We are told, " Ask and ye shall re- 
ceive." Therefore we are to pray : " Give us this 
day our daily bread." This means our spiritual as 
well as our physical needs. God's people always, in 
days and generations past, got their needs day by 
day. . But they could not so well, then, look for- 
ward and get the needs for the generations that would 
follow. Changes come, and we must meet them with 
the things that the changes demand. These things 
can be known only by those who are connected with 
the changes. They can only be supplied by him who 
causes the changes to come. This one is God, through 
Jesus Christ. He, and no one else, is a very present 
help in time of need. 

The salvation of souls depends upon three things: 
God, his plan for saving souls, and the attitude of the 
sinner towards the other two. God, through the 
Spirit, awakens the sinner. Christ calls and receives 
the sinner, and saves him on the condition that he 
accepts and carries out the plan. .He also gives the 
needed wisdom when asked for, so that, in the Gospel, 
through the Trinity, we have everything that is needed 
to save the soul. 

And finally, in the Gospel-made church of Jesus 
Christ, we .see a power high enough, low enough, 
broad enough, wise enough, and simple enough, to 
save, in all times and under all conditions, all peoples, 
in all nations, all tongues, all conditions and all grades, 
from the highest class down to the very lowest. 

This is the kind of a church we want in our for- 
ward look, — a church whose messengers shall go out 
only with the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word 
of God, into all the nations, into our cities, into the 
highways, into the hedges and compel men and wo- 
men, through the pleading love of Christ, to come 
in to the banquet of love. 

We close with the words of the Apostle Paul: 
" For I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ, 
for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one 
that believeth." Yes, brethren, let us stick to this 
and we never need to be ashamed, h. e. b. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 



I>. T,. Miller, Chairman, Mt. Morris, 111. 

H. C. Early, Vlce-Chiiirmnn Perm Laird, Va 

L. W. Teeter Haserstown. Ind. 

Cnas, D. Bonsacfe Washington, D. C. 

J. J. Toder, Conway, Kans. 

General Mission Board, Elgin, HI. 

The Tithe Law a Thermometer. 
Only recently we saw the following terse paragraph 
On the question of tithing: "The tithe law of the Old 
Testament is simply a thermometer, to be put under the 
tongue of the New Testament Christian, to see whether 
he is in grace or not. If the mercury does not measure 
tip to the tithe mark, he is not in grace, but in disgrace." 
Well, there are many who are wondering as to their 
giving, — whether they are giving enough or not, — who 
will probably be glad to have a reliable gauge on this 
most important matter. There need - not be . the least 
doubt. Give along the line of the Lord's planning, and 
there will be no question about his approval. Your 
own conscience will testify to your consecration in giv- 

The Midweek Prayer Meeting. 
Perhaps the average church has yet to learn the spir- 
itual uplift, to be gained from a real live prayer meet- 
ing. It is an hour in which to pause awhile in the mad 
whirl of life's activities, and turn one's thoughts to 
eternal things. Without this spiritual help, one may fail 
to notice many things in his religious life which are out 
of repair, and which, if neglected, will lead to a general 
collapse. An overworked man seldom realizes how near 
the breaking point he has been until he calls a halt, and 
'takes his bearings. The prayer meeting is an opportun- 
ity to take an inward look, — to determine our real status. 
It also clears the vision for the upward look, that we 
may, in full assurance, approach the Father for new 
strength and vigor on the Christian pilgrimage. By all 
■means, let us sustain the prayer meeting. 

The Noble Choice of a Hindoo Lady. 
The native Christians sometimes put us to shame by 
■[heir great devotion to the newly-found faith. A Hin- 
■Uoo lady, belonging to a high-class Indian family, heard 
■ot Jesus Christ, and his offer of eternal life, and chose 
to follow him. It meant to her the loss of friends, and 
wealth, and position. Her friends offered her ten thou- 
sand rupees ($3,000) if she would renounce Christian- 
ity. If she refused, she was threatened with various 
kinds of dire persecution. But she remained unmoved 
and said, " If you were to give me ten million rupees, 
what good would they be to me in the end? I want the 
forgiveness of my sins, and Jesus Christ as my Savior 
and King. You may kill me, but you cannot kill my soul." 
Shall we, as Christians, choose the easy path of self-in- 
dulgence with its bitter end, or the Christlike service 
and reward, — no matter what the cost? 

Trlow Tracts Were Used by the Malay Merchant. 
There are various ways of using tracts, and distrib- 
uting them to the best advantage, but probably the most 
:pec.uliar way was that of a Malay mercbant. He asked 
Si New England sea captain for a supply of tracts and, 
when interrogated concerning their use, since he could 
not read them himself, he replied, "True, but I have a 
use for them, nevertheless. Whenever one of your coun- 
trymen or an Englishman calls on me' to trade, I put a 
tract in his way and watch him. If he reads it soberly 
and with interest, I infer that he will not cheat me. If 
he throws it away with contempt or with an oath, I have 
no more to do with him; I cannot trust him." The mer- 
chant unconsciously struck the keynote of Christian in- 
tegrity when he applied the test he did. The man who 
has right principles because of his religion, will honor 
his profession. He may be depended upon to show his 
colors and own his allegiance to the Great King. 

Grit as Well as Graee. 
Twentieth-century Christianity in many places has be- 
come, too easy-going and flabby. As the engineer on 
the railroad never allows himself to get out of sand, 
that he may be sure to have it at the critical time when 
the slipping wheels refuse to move the load, so the 
Christian must have grit as well as grace to face the 
struggles to be encountered. " Courage is half the bat- 
tle," is an old truism, but it is not saying enough, — 
it is more than half. Those who flunk in the Lord's bat- 
tles are generally those who are strong enough to fight, 
but "who won't," or "think they can't." "Let us, then, 
be up and doing," is a good motto for each of us, as we 
start out in the new year. Such a spirit knows no fail- 
ure. There is a good point in the story of the old slave 
who was telling how he got his liberty. He prayed for 
it, and then, going to the riverside and seeing a boat 
with a paddle in it, he jumped into it and "paddled as 
well as he prayed." Praying is good, and we ought to 
do more of it, but we must also "paddle our own ca- 
noe," if it gets paddled' at all. Be sure you have plenty 
of "grit," — the Lord will help in the matter of grace! 

Prom Umalla, India. 

Another Thanksgiving day is upon us. Let every heart 
be full of joy and gratitude for all the good things the 
Lord has given us the past year! From Sunday until to- 
day Sister Lichty had been in bed with pain and fever. 
This afternoon we are especially thankful that she is 
again able to be up and about, apparently none the worse 
for having entertained so unwelcome a visitor. Since 
the past two weeks we have had unusually cool Novem- 
ber weather and it has caused a good deal of sickness 
among the people, while there are deaths quite a few. 
In our own village we are kept quite busy, giving out 
medicines and caring for the sick. We are especially 
interested in saving the children, for in them rests our 
hope for good church workers in the future, Among 
the Bhils it is not plague or pestilence that kills off the 
greatest number, but the many common ailments pe- 
culiar to all people in the absence of the simplest of med- 
ical aid. Likely many of the Bhils drink enough liquor 
to kill all the germs of infectious and contagious dis- 
eases, but, in turn, the same agent has caused ruin with- 
in, and he is not able to resist the more common dis- 
eases which are sure to come to all bodies, contain- 
ing wasted tissue and disorganized members, so that 
death occurs very quickly. 

T*o the Hindoo, three rivers of India arc counted 
sacred — viz., the Ganges, the Godavery and the Nar- 
budda. Each river has its own special places for pil- 
grimages and shrines. For the putting away of sin 
and the gaining of a pure heart, drinking or bathing 
in these rivers is of importance. Even the sight of their 
waters is supposed to be quite efficacious. At Sukal 
Tirat, on the north bank of the Narbudda, only a few 
miles from Jhagadia,. occurs one of the largest yearly 
religious gatherings in Gujerat, but one finds precious 
little religion connected with the affair. If religion ever 
was the main feature, it has degenerated into notliing 
else than a money-making scheme for the hundreds of 
priests and fakirs who haunt the place at the time, as 
well as for the many greedy shopkeepers, managers 
of places of amusements and bad houses. Comparatively, 
few of the pilgrims take time to bathe their dirty out- 
side, let alone the filth within. Of course they all drank 
of the water, but that was of necessity, in the absence 
of well water. Likely the mere sight of the sacred stream 
sufficed to take away the few (?) sins they had com- 
mitted within the past year, so we ought to excuse them 
from the more rigorous penance of bathing, 

In company with Bro. Eby and a number of our na- 
tive workers we spent four days and nights most profit- 
ably at the last Jatra, held at this place, just recently. 
Daytime was most profitable for selling books and rest, 
while from early evening on, till past midnight, we had 
continual preaching to large and attentive crowds on 
one of the principal streets of the temporary village. 
We had little opposition except from the Aryia Samajists, 
whose religion consists mostly of ridiculing and quar- 
reling with those of other religious beliefs. They tried 
constantly to break up our crowds of listeners, but when 
any of them interrupted the speaker, one of our number 
was ready to engage him in a discussion, outside of the 
main crowd, so that the story of God and his love could 
be told without much interruption. Some who opposed 
us on the streets, afterwards came to our tent for private 
conversation, and we are glad to say that they went away 
with a greater respect for the Truth. The booksellers 
got in their work too, having sold about eight rupees' 
worth of tracts and Scripture portions. We hope that 
the seed sown may spring up and bear much fruit, 

The rice harvest is now over. It was a good one and 
the price of this great food grain is considerably lower, 
which is a great boon to the poor people of India. 

There are many poor people over here, as we are told 
in one of the items in No. 43 of Gospel Messenger. It 
.is also true that certain classes of the people are over- 
taxed, and there is no doubt but that European officers 
receive higher salaries than is for the good of India. 
But it is, perhaps, a mistake to say that in all parts of 
India " the English Government exacts a tax of $2 or 
six rupees per year, from even the poorest." Now I per- 
sonally know of hundreds of poor day laborers who sim- 
ply live from hand to mouth, and from whom the Govern- 
ment could-not exact six rupees in six years if they tried. 
The fact of the case is that there are millions in India 
who pay nothing more than the trifling tax imposed 
by the Government on salt. The average laborer eats 
about fifteen cents' worth of salt annually. Compute 
the slight rate of tax on this amount and you have the 
amount of tax paid by millions of the king's subjects 
in India. I do not know just what the average daily 
income per capita is in India. The above item says that 
it amounts to about two cents a day, which, perhaps, is 
true. But when we remember that this is an estimate, 
based on the average, and that the average includes mil- 
lions of men who are religiously too proud and many 
others who are too lazy to work, especially at manual 
labor, it can readily be seen that those who arc willing 
to work get considerably more than two cents per day, 
and it is fair to say that most of the workmen get all 
they earn. This is not an expression of satisfaction at 
the poor man's condition in India, nor is it a defense 
of English rule. There are two sides to the question, 

and there are two parties concerned, England and India 
The former must do her part but the latter yet needs 
to know that "the permanent remedies for the poverty 
of India rest with the people themselves" and that 
" there may be circumstances in the habits of a people 
sufficiently powerful to defeat the most benevolent views 
of its rulers." These arc not merely conditions of gov- 
ernment, but we find them in our mission work, in our 
attempt to establish a self-supporting and self-propagat- 
ing church on Indian soil. True, we arc saved by grace, 
but only in proportion as we make use of the blessing 
of grace. Religiously and politically, India is passing 
through a critical time and she needs the prayers and 
sympathy of every enlightened nation and people on the 
globe and we, as missionaries especially, need your 
prayers, so that we do our part faithfully and well 
Nov - 26 - D. J. Lichty. 

One Reason for Opposing a Salary, or a Salaried 

For two hundred years we have for the most part 
believed in and striven for a free ministry; and by free 
we have meant a ministry independent of the member- 
ship financially, free to preach the whole doctrine of 
Christ without feeling that if the feelings of some per- 
sons were hurt the support would be less. In a good 
many instances this has been hard on the ministers and 
their families— they have been burdened to excess while 
the laity went almost free of burden. It has been an un- 
equal struggle so far as financial gain and the comforts 
and luxuries of this life are concerned. 

But we believe that most of those who were deprived 
of many of the things enjoyed by their brethren did not 
complain, did not envy, did not greatly desire an easier 
time or more of this world's good. They had ever be- 
fore them the words of their Leader: " Every one that 
hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, 
or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's 
sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit ever- 
lasting life." And those words were sufficient to carry 
them through times of trial and discouragement and pri- 
vation, Their eyes and minds were directed toward 
the heavenly home and its glories, rather than toward 
the earthly and its poverty. What they saw on the other 
shore was more than compensation for what they lacked 
on this side; and they rejoiced that they were counted 
worthy to suffer and to labor for their Master. 

Times have changed. Ministers arc demanding and 
receiving enough to support them and enable them to 
devote their time to their congregations. The age and 
its conditions seem to demand a change from the old 
way, Whether this need is real or apparent, it is not our 
purpose to try to decide. Our business is rather to 
learn our attitude toward the new conditions, our reasons 
for it, and to see whether the reasons arc good. We 
are not all of the same mind on this question. Our 
beliefs are largely due to our training and surroundings. 
In many localities it would be impossible to see the 
need — for there is none — of supporting the ministers, 
since the ministers are the ones who possess the wealth. 
In other places the minister is alone and poor. He 
must provide for the physical needs of himself and fam- 
ily as well as the spiritual needs of the congregation. 
In the latter instance it is not hard to sec the need of 
doing something to help. 

Those who have opposed a salaried ministry have been 
called stingy and covetous. It is possible— even prob- 
able — that some have taken this stand because it would 
be cheaper for them. But that is not true of all of them. 
There is another reason which prompts some of them, 
They want to see a ministry free from obligations to 
men, dependent only upon God. They have watched 
the effect of the salary on the preacher, and they have 
seen a great host of preachers become subservient to the 
will of the man or men supplying the salary. All of us 
say this is an evil which should not be tolerated: none of 
us want that kind of a ministry — not yet. Will we ever 
want it? Can we do as others have done and yet pur- 
sue a course different from the one they pursued? Or 
will like causes produce like results? 

The problem is before us, and must be solved. In the 
two methods that have been pursued, the results have 
not always been good. Is there a middle ground, some 
other way of meeting the issue now before us as a 
church? The preacher is to be pitied — and the congre- 
gation more — who must utter words pleasing to those 
who furnish him food and raiment and a home. He 
cannot be free, he cannot yield himself to the leading 
of the Holy Spirit, for he is a man-pleaser. God pity the 
man who must get his inspiration for his sermon from 
any man. As soon as he is placed in that position he has 
no right to stand behind the sacred desk and profess 
to teach the Bible. 

And the desire to avoid this condition is the real reason, 
almost the sole reason, why some of our people are op- 
posed to the salaried ministry of today. They do not 
want to deprive their brother of what he needs or of 
the pleasures they enjoy; neither do they want him to 
become a creature of theirs, doing their will. These are 
not to be classed with those who are too stingy to give 
their dues. They may reason something like this: What 
kind of sermons would we have if we could dictate what 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January % 1909, 

the preacher should say? " Very few persons — no true 
Christian — would want to come in as the inspirer of the 
minister, leaving the Spirit out His usefulness depends 
upon his close relation to God; and anything coming be- 
tween deprives him of his power, in part at least. 

Instead of calling each other fast and slow, we need 
to look at the problem carefully and seek to avoid the 
pitfalls into which other churches have fallen. c. m. 

From the Mission Field. 

Bro. George Stryker, of Minor., one of our district 
evangelists, has just completed a series of visits to the 
southwestern part of the district. The points visited were: 
Sentinel, Butte, Heart, Momt, and Hazelton. 

He reports good interest and an awakening to the 
work of the Master in most of these places. 

We are glad to mention the fact that our mission 
points are beginning to contribute to mission work in 
our district. 

We also wish to express our thanks to the churches 
who so promptly responded to the request of the Mis- 
sion Board to remember the needs of our home field 
in their offerings this year. Englevale, Carrington, Fes- 
senden, Wells County, Turtle Mountain, and Deeter, 
are either aiding materially in the work, or are under the 
care of an elder or some congregation. While Mayville, 
Mohall, new Rockford, and a few others are beginning 
to arouse our attention. These points, together with 
the work at Minot, are most of the places which your 
Mission Board asks you to remember in your prayers and 
offerings this year. 

At last report from our president, Bro. Lands, we had 
not succeeded in securing a worker for the Minot Mis- 
sion. Pray for God's blessings on his work and workers 
in the mission field, and especially for the Minot Mission. 

Zion, N. Dak., George C. Long, 

Secretary District Mission Board. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country," 


Butte "Valley. — We had the pleasure of having with us, Dec. 
13, Brethren E. M. Cobb and Isaiah "Wheeler. Bro. Cobb 
gave us two profitable sermons. — Mrs. E. M. "Wolfe, MacDoel, 
Cal., Dec. 15. 

Long Beach. — The First Brethren Church of Long Beach 
met in regular council Dec. 18. We had a very pleasant and 
profitable meeting. Quite a large amount of business was 
transacted. The following officers were elected: Elder. Wm. 
Trostle; Pastor, B. F. Masterson; Superintendent of Sunday 
school, Harvey Shell; president of Christian Workers' meet- 
ing, Sister Whitmer. The work at this place is progressing 
very nicely. — Harvey Snell, 236 Pacific Avenue, Long Beach, 
Cal., Dec. 19. 

HordBburg-. — The District of Southern California and Ari- 
zona has Just closed, at Lordsburg College, the most inter- 
esting and helpful special Bible session of her history. Two 
weeks were spent in Christian research in a selected variety 
of live subjects: The Life of Christ, How to Work for 
Christ, Bible and Hymn Reading, Revelation. Secret Societies, 
Bible Characters, Anointing. Sermon on the Mount, Sunday- 
school Pedagogy, Evidences of Christianity, Nonconformity, 
Leading of the ~Holy Spirit. A lecture on Egypt and China 
■was also given. One-half day was devoted to a Sunday- 
school program, one-half day to a Lordsburg College pro- 
gram, one day to a Christian Workers' program, one day to a 
missionary program. Brother and Sister D. L. Miller, of Mt. 
Morris, 111., rendered much helpful service. Bro. Miller 
preached a number of times, including a missionary sermon 
on the last night of the meetings. Two young men, who are 
in college, were received by baptism.— D. Warren Shock, 
Lordsburg, Cal., Dec. 23. 

Beedley church is glad to report that eight souls have 
been added to our number by baptism during the two weeks' 
revival, conducted by Bro. Wm. Piatt, closing Dec. 6. Our 
love feast was held the Qth, preceded by a service at 10 A. M. 
and one at 3 P. M., of the same day. At this meeting one 
was restored. Nine were received by letter. The feast was 
well attended by both members and others. We could scarce- 
ly accommodate all who came. Bro. Piatt labored earnestly, 
and endeared himself much by his earnest Christian life — 
Mrs. Walter Dull, Reedley, Cal., Dec. 20. 

Pruita. — After the close of a series of meetings in the 
First Grand Valley church. Eld. Moses Deardorff and wife 
came to Fruita for a week's visit, until the church at Palis- 
ade should be ready for him to begin meetings there He 
preached every evening while with us,— eight sermons In all 
The attendance at these meetings was good, and the interest 
more than ordinary. We feel that the church has been much 
edified and strengthened, and impressions made upon manv 
that will yet bear fruit.— Salome Sharp, Fruita, Colo., Dec. 2l\ 

Bethel church met in council last Saturday, with Bro. 
Amick presiding. We reorganized our Sunday school, Bro. 
Charles Barkdoll being reelected superintendent, and Sister 
Laura Netzley, secretary. Bro. L. *H. Eby was also with us 
and gave us much good counsel. He preached for us on 
Sunday morning. In the evening Brethren Rittenhouse and 
Throne of Elgin, were with us, the former being here in the 
interest of the Christian Workers. We have arranged for a 
Christmas program to be held on Wednesday evening In- 
stead of giving a treat to the children, as fs customary we 
have asked them to bring donations which will be sent to 
the poor and homeless.— Lana Sollenberger, 351 Center St 
Naperville, 111., Dec. 22. 

^ P ?f e T , C T eet church met in council Dec. 17, with our elder 
C. C. Price, presiding. Bro. Price Heckman was reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent. Our Thanksgiving offering 
amounted to $45. The Sunday-school and Christian Workers- 
Union meeting, held in our church last Sunday, was a marked 
success, and full of Inspiration.— Grace G. Price, Oregon, 111., 

Shannon.— We held Thanksgiving services Nov. 2S after 
which a missionary offering of $82.30 was made. Our quar- 
terly council was held Dec. 19. Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year, with Bro. J. W. Fox as Sundav- 
school superintendent. Last evening the Christian Worker's' 
meeting gave a very Interesting Christmas program We 
expect Bro. Crumpacker to be with us during the Holidays 
to give us a Bible Normal during the day and preaching 
services In the evening.— Etta Krelder, Shannon, II] Dec 31 

Sterling. — Our series of meetlhgs, conducted by Bro. Nlco- 
demus. and lasting three weeks, ended On the evening of 
Dec. 20. The best of seed was sown and fruits are sure to 
follow. Our members are much refreshed. Our brother has 
endeared himself to the little band at Sterling, and has 
strengthened their faith and love for God and his Word. — 
Mrs. G. E. Whisler, Sterling, III., Dec. 24. 


Beech Grove. — We have been remodeling Our churchhouse 
this fall, and it Is now about completed. We expect to dedi- 
cate It about Jan. 24. Further notice will be given in the 
Messenger.— P. A. Spearman, R. D. 38, Ingalls, Ind.. Dec. 20. 

Bethel. — Dec. 13 closed a very Interesting three weeks' 
meetings at the Chapel, conducted by Bro. John Kltson, of 
Syracuse, Ind. Three were received by baptism. On Thanks- 
giving Day Bro. Kitson gave us a very Impressive sermon, 
after which a collection of $7 was raised. — Martha Smith, 
Syracuse, Ind., Dec. 22. 

Bremen church met In council Dec. 12. our elder, J. S. 
KaufTman, presiding. We were pleased to have Brother and 
Sister Levi Hoke, of Goshen, with us. One was received by 
letter. Sunday-school officers for the two houses were cho- 
sen for the coming year.— Monroe Martin, Bremen, Ind., Dec. 

Buck Creek. — We had services on Thanksgiving Day, after 
which a collection of $6.30 was taken for the work at St. 
Joseph, Mo. Nov. 28 Bro. S. C. Miller, of Chicago, began a 
series of meetings for us. which he continued until Dec. 20, 
preaching twenty-six sermons. Two were received by bap- 
tism. — Phebe E. Teeter, Mooreland, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Cedar Creek church met In council Dec. 19, with Bro. David 
Hoover presiding. Two letters of membership were received, 
and one was granted. Bro. Merrltt Hanson was chosen 
Sunday-school superintendent. A teacher-training class has 
been organized, with Sister Sadie Ober in charge. We* ex- 
pect Bro. W. R. Miller with us some time during January, to 
give us some of his stereopticon lectures. A Christmas 
program will be given Wednesday evening prior to Christ- 
mas, by the Christian Workers, — Mary I, Hanson, Laotto, 
Ind., Dec. 21. 

Goshen church met in special council Dee. 16, to reorganize 
our Sunday school. Milton Wysong was elected superin- 
tendent. A Christmas program was given by the Sunday 
school on Christmas eve. The attendance was good and the 
program well rendered. One was received by baptism since 
my last report. — Emma Garver, 720 South Main Street, 
Goshen, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Goshen (West Side). — The church at this place enjoyed a 
very pleasant love feast on the evening of Dec. 12. The 
tables were nearly all filled. Bro. Frank Krelder officiated. 
At a called council meeting, Dec. 19, for the purpose of elect- 
ing officers. Bro. J. H. Miller was again elected to serve the 
church as elder for another year. Our Sunday-school super- 
intendent Is Bro. Amos Blgler. Brethren Frank Krelder, 
Hiram Roose, Wm. Bussard and Bro. Frederick were assist- 
ants at this meeting. — Mrs. Osie Brumbaugh, 317 Dewey 
Avenue, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 21. 

tower Fall Creek church met In council Dec. 19, with Bro. 
Shepherd presiding. Our elder, Frederick Fesler, is with us 
again and gave us an Interesting sermon on Sunday. Bro. 
Greenhalgh resigned as Messenger agent, and Bro. Albert 
Krall, of Pendleton, was chosen to take his place. — Laura 
Chamberlin, R. D. 12, Anderson, Ind., Dec. 18. 

Missiasinewa. — Our series of meetings at the Union Grove 
house, conducted by Bro. John M. Smith, of Woodland, Mich., 
closed last night, Bro. Smith preached twenty-six soul-cheer- 
ing sermons. At our recent council three letters were grant- 
ed. Bro. Edward Smith was elected church trustee, to fill 
the vacancy caused by the resignation of Bro. Frank Wallar. 
Our deacon brethren have organized, by electing a foreman, 
secretary and treasurer, to care for our destitute members 
in a systematic manner. — John F. Shoemaker, Shideler, Ind,, 
Dec. 21. 

Wattle Creek. — The church met in council Dec. 12. The 
following Sunday-School superintendents were elected: Brick, 
H. H. Johnsonbaugh; White Branch, Chas. Bowman; Locust 
Grove, Chas. Miller: Olive Branch, Mollie Replogle. We had 
a good congregation on Christmas Dav. — Levi S. Dilling, 
Hagerstown, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Pleasant Hill church met in council Dec. 12 to elect Sun- 
day-school officers for the next six months. Bro. Geo. L. 
Studebaker, of North Manchester, being with us, preached 
three very good sermons. One decided for Christ. Two let- 
ters of membership were granted and one was received — 
Zc-no Bosler, R. D. 1, Laotto, Ind., Dec. IS. 

Salem church convened in council Dec. 5, with Eld, Frank 
Hendricks in charge. Bro. John L. Kline was with us. Bro. 
Alonzo Hagel was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Our 
Thanksgiving collection is to be used for home mission pur- 
poses. One letter of membership was received, — Bro. James 
Morris, a minister in the second degree. Two letters were 
granted. Bro. John L. Kline came to our midst Nov. 21, de- 
livering thirty-six very helpful sermons. Two accepted 
Christ in baptism. He did much house-to-house visiting Our 
Sunday school will give a program Dec. 27. Bro. James 
Morris will be with us.— Julia Joseph, Culver, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Salamonie.— Bro. W. R .Miller, of Chicago, came to us Dec. 
14. and gave us six very interesting Bible Land lectures 
showing his views in connection with the lectures. On Sun- 
day following Bro. Miller gave us two very inspiring ser- 
mons. Bro. Miller's labors with us were certainly appre- 
ciated.— Millie Wike, Huntington, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Santa Fb church met in council Dec. 17, Eld. D B Wolf 
presiding. Bro. Calvin Eiler was with us. One letter of 
membership was granted. Nov. 14 Bro. Silas Fisher com- 
menced a series of meetings in the Copper Creek house, la- 
boring earnestly for two weeks. The meetings closed with 
a good interest and much good seed sown. Nov. 28 Bro 
Calvin Eiler began meetings at the old churchhouse One 
was added to the fold by baptism. The meetings closed Dec 
to, with good Interest. — John E. Miller, Loree, Ind.. Dec. 23. 

„^?p er Tan CrB6k - Bro - Henry Fadely preached for us at 
Mlddletown last Sunday. Bro. Hoover preached for us the 
third Sunday in November, also the first Sunday In De- 
cember Bro Hoover also preached our Thanksgiving ser- 
mon, at the Honey Creek church, east of town, after which 
a collection of $13.65 was received. Our council will be held 
on the 26th.— Florida J. E. Green, Mlddletown, Ind., Dec. 23. 
Walnut congregation met In quarterly council Dec. 19, with 
Bro. Sanger presiding. One letter was granted. Bro Jacob 
Rohrer was chosen trustee to fill the unexpired term of Bro. 
Fred Rohrer. Bro. J. P. Hoffman was reelected church treas- 
urer Bro L. Puterbaugh was elected president of Christian 
Workers. We decided to organize a sisters' aid society Bro 
S. F. Sanger was chosen presiding elder for one year After 
the regular business of the day was disposed of, an ordina- 
tion service and an election were held by Brethren I D 
Parker and Henry Wysong. Brethren J. S. Dickey and D w' 
Hostetler were promoted to the eldership, and Brethren 
Howard Dickey and Levi Puterbaugh were elected to the 
ministry. Dec. 20 a collection of $11.50 was taken up. to 
furnish Christmas dinners for the poor at the St. Joseph 
Mission. Bro. Sanger is conducting a ten days' revival at 
this place, after which Bro. Henry Wysong will take up the 
work. — Susan Puterbaugh, Argos, Ind., Dec. 21. 

WHite—Nov. 29 Bro. J. W. Fldler, of Dayton. Ohio, began 
a series of meetings at this place. He labored earnestly for 
the cause, delivering, In all, twenty-four sermons The meet- 
ly ni ^ D ,T' 20, ^ ith , eleven ba P« z ed and two reclaimed. 
— WUlard Anderson, Darlington, Ind., Dec. 21. '" *," 


Coon Biver church met in regular quarterly council Dec. 
19. Much business was pleasantly disposed Of. The Sunday 
school was reorganized. Bro. Samuel Fitz was elected Super- 
intendent, and Sister Mabel Fitz, Secretary. The meetings at 
Bagley, conducted by Bro. Buckingham, closed last night 
with good interest. Five were received by baptism. Bro. 
Btower, who was stricken with paralysis in the church at 
Bagley On the evening of Dec. 12, called for the elders and 
was anointed. He was much comforted and is improving, 
with fair prospects of recovery. Bro. Paul Mohler com- 
menced his Bible Normal work here today. May It be richly 
blest! — J. D, Haughtelln, Panora, Iowa, Ded 21. 

Curlew church met In council Dec. 4. BfO. Pyle, Of Frank- 
lin County, was with us. Ho remained and delivered nine 
good sermons, with the did of our pastor, Bro. J. C. Auker. 
Last Sunday a collection was taken up to aid in feeding the 
poor children on Christmas Day. — Mrs. Grace Prentice, Cur- 
lew, Iowa, Dec. 22. 

Grundy County church met in council Dec. 23. Our elder, 
J. H. Cakerice, being sick, Eld. Silas Gilbert had charge Of 
the meeting. We expect to have Bro. McCann with us some 
time In January, to give us Bible lessons. — Eliza Cakerice, 
Whitten, Iowa, Dec. 26. 

Pleasant Prairie church met in council Dec. 17, Eld. D. *t. 
DierdorfE presiding, assisted by Eld. Tobias Myers, of Penn^ 
sylvania. As Bro. Dierdorft* will go to other fields Of labor 
in the spring, Bro. J. Shechter, of Worthington. Minn., Was 
chosen elder for the ensuing year. Bro. J. A. Eddy and the 
writer were elected to the ministry, and with their com- 
panions, were duly installed. Brethren Myers and Dierdorff 
gave us a number of Interesting sermons. — E. E. Rllea, R. D. 
2, Ireton, Iowa, Dec. 21. 

Salem. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Eld. D. P. 
Miller, of North English', Iowa, closed on Sunday night. Bro. 
Miller labored faithfully. One sister was received by bap- 
tism, while others were almost persuaded. Our Sunday school 
will begin the new year with Bro. Chas. Wray as superin- 
tendent, and Cora Wray, secretary. One letter of member- 
ship was recently granted. — Mamie Sink, Lenox, Iowa, Dec. 


Conway Springs. — At our Christmas services Bro. B. fi. 
Whitmer gave us a good talk on the important event of the 
birth of Christ, our great Redeemer. A collection of $3.03 
was taken for the Child Rescue and Orphan Society. A few 
weeks ago we took up a collection of $8.26 for the St. 
Joseph, Mo., Christmas dinner for the poor. — J. J. Bowser. 
Conway Springs, KanS.. Dec. 26. 

Eden Talley church met In regular quarterly council Nov. 
21, with Bro. G. W. Weddle presiding. The following officers 
were elected for the comfng year: G. W. Weddle, elder; 
W. H. Beaver, clerk: E. P. Metz, treasurer; Sadie Crissman, 
Messenger agent; Lena John, solicitor; O. O. John, Messenger 
correspondent; Ernest Fry, president of Christian Workers' 
meeting. We took up a collection for our elder. B"lx letters 
were granted.— T. J. Miller, St. John, KanS., Dec. 21. 

Fredonla Brethren church met in quarterly council Dec 26. 
Eld. E. E. Joyce presided. Business was disposed of In a, 
satisfactory manner. Bro. W. B. Sell was elected foreman 
of the church; Sister Nora Hunter, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Sister Katie Sell, city missionary; Bro. A. K. Sell, 
church correspondent and Messenger agent. — A. K. Sell, R. D. 
2, Fredonia, Kans., Dec. 26. 

Earned. — A drive of forty miles brought the writer to Ne- 
koma, Kans. About four miles from this place there had 
been an appointment made for preaching at 7:30 P. M., on 
Saturday evening, Dec. 19, also at 11 A. M. and 7: 30 P. M., 
Dec. 20. These services were well attended, and the best of 
attention was given. At Nekoma live three members who 
have been isolated for three years. They have, during the 
last two months, organized a Sunday school and young peo- 
ple's meeting. Both are well attended. This is the first 
Brethren Sunday school in that part of the country. The 
people are anxious to have the Brethren preach for them. 
They want to know more about our church and our faith. 
Should any of our ministers go through there, they are in- 
vited to stop. Drop a card to Sister Tixmer, and arrange- 
ments will be made for you. Why not open up more preach- 
ing points among our isolated members? — J. R. Wine, Lamed, 
Kans., Dec. 22. 

Neosho church met In council Saturday evening, Dec. 19, 
Bro. Geo. Eiler presiding. An election for deacon was held, 
resulting in calling Bro. A. Wellar to the office. Bro. Wellar 
was duly installed. On account of sickness his wife could 
not be present, but was Installed after services today. Bro, 
O. O. Klrkham and wife were received by letter. The Sunday- 
school officers were reelected. Bro. Kirkham preached for 
us today. We heartily welcome our brother and his wife 
into our midst. — Jake Halloway, Chanute, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Nortli Solomon members met in council with Eld. I. S. 
Lerew presiding. Considerable business was before the meet- 
ing, in preparation for district meeting next fall. We are 
looking forward to showers of blessings at that time. Our 
district meeting will close with a love feast and a series of 
meetings. Our work at Portis is progressing nicely. We 
have four services each Lord's Day, — Sunday school, preach- 
ing. Christian Workers and Bible class. — J. E. Small, Portis, 
Kans., Dec. 12. 

Bamona church met in regular council Dec. 18. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. 
The present officers were all reelected. Bro.-O. O. Button 
continues as our elder In charge, and Bro. R. J. Shirk as 
superintendent of our Sunday school. At our Thanksgiving 
service a collection was taken for the St. Joseph and Kansas 
City Missions. Since then another collection, amounting to 
$9.50, was sent to St. Joseph for their Christmas dinner. — 
J. H. Saylor, Ramona, Kans., Dec. 22. 

Wichita Mission. — Bro. Wm. Lampin began our revival 
meetings Nov. 29 and closed Dec. 22. This was the most 
profitable meeting to the members and the mission since the 
beginning of the work here, three years ago. Thirty ac- 
cepted Christ, and of the fourteen men who came out. seven 
had been members of secret orders. Bro. Lampin is a pow- 
erful evangelist. Our church. Is entering upon a new era of 
prosperity. Much sickness among the poor is giving us a 
^reat deal of concern and work this winter. A few days 
ago we were called Into a home to take charge of some al- 
most destitute children, who are to be turned over to our 
Orphanage Society. We would be glad for children's clothing. 
bedding, and money to buy fuel and provisions. We are re- 
ceiving into the church a very substantial class of members, 
and we have a hopeful outlook for the cause of Christ in this 
city. — Jacob Funk, 1105 Wabash St., Wichita, Kans., Dec. 24. 


tongmeadow — Nov. 29 Bro. L. J. Flohr began a series of 
meetings for us. He delivered twenty-one sermons, and 
preached the Word in Its purity and power. We feel greatly 
revived. Five put on Christ in baptism and- two were re- 
claimed. Others are near the kingdom. Sunday, Dec. 6, Bro. 
D. R. Petre and wife were forwarded to the second degree 
of the ministry. Bro. S. N. McCann gave us a very edifying 
sermon today. We have decided to have an evergreen Sun- 
day school. — IC Mae Rowland, R. D. 6, Hagerstown, Md , 
Dec. 20. 

Ileadow Branch members met In council Dec. 12, with our 
elder, Bro. Blxler, presiding. Four were received by letter. 
Much business was transacted in a pleasant manner. Breth- 
ren Frank Garner and Noah Albaugh were elected superin- 
tendents for the Meadow Branch Sunday school, for the 
coming year. The Sunday-school children were given a 
speeiaj Christmas treat on the 19th. Our next love feast will 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 


be held May 1, beginning at 2 P. M. A special Christmas 
sermon was delivered to a large and attentive audience, in 
the Westminster church, on the" morning of the 20th. Jan. 4 
is the day set for reorganizing the Sunday school. — W. E. 
Roop, 'Westminster, Md., Dec. 20. 


Black Biver. — On the morning of Dec. 20 the Sunday-school 
children had their Christmas exercises. In the evening our 
two weelts" series of meetlngs.v conducted by Bro. J. M. Lair, 
closed. The attendance and Interest were good. Much good 
seed was sown. — Selma Johnson, R. D. 2, Bangor, Mich., Dec. 

Bronflon.— -Nov. 28 Bro. J. Win. McKImmy, of Beaverton, 
came to this place and began revival services, giving us 
twenty-four sermons. He also officiated at an anointing serv- 
ice. Four were baptized, two of whom were aged persons, 
one being seventy-two and the other seventy-six. The mem- 
bers were greatly strengthened- — Martin Hardrnan, Bronson, 
Mich., Dec. 25. 

SuBfield. — Bro. J. Edson L'lery came to us Dec. 3, and con- 
ducted a ten days' Bible institute. The church was greatly 
strengthened. Seven decided for Christ, and were burled 
with him in baptism. The church met in council Dec. 19. 
Considerable business came before the meeting, and was dis- 
posed of in a Christian spirit. Three letters of membership 
were read, — Bro. J. C. Harrison, wife and son. Bro. Harrison 
is a minister in the second degree. Beginning with the new 
year we will have preaching every -Sunday at 11 P. M. Bro. 
Harmon Towns was chosen as superintendent of our Sunday 
school. — Mary E. Hoover, Sunfleld, Mich., Dec. 24. 


Winona Mission enjoyed a visit from Bro. Samuel Fike, of 
Waterloo, Iowa. Bro. Fike is president of the District Mis- 
sion Board of Northern Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota. 
He not only went into the homes of those connected with 
the Mission, but called a meeting at the church, In order, to 
become acquainted with as many as possible. We much ap- 
preciated his visit. On the evening of Dec. 23 a Christmas 
program was rendered in the church, after which a treat 
was given to the Sunday-school scholars. Bro. H. ,T. Baker 
has been elected superintendent of the Sunday school for 
1909. The birthday offerings for 1908 amounted to $9.15, 
which was given to the Old Folks* Home at Marshalltown, 
Iowa. The first of the year we expect to start our teacher- 
training class. Bro. Olin Shaw, of Adel, Iowa, will he with 
us the middle of January, to begin a series of meetings. — 
Martha Hilary Keller, 552 West Seventh Street, Winona, 
Minn., Dec. 26. 

Walnut Creek church met in council Dec. 19, with our elder, 
Bro. E. E. John, presiding. All business was pleasantly dis- 
posed of. We, as a church, are very much in need of a resi- 
dent minister, or an elder, to preach for us. Our present 
elder lives twenty-five miles away, which makes it very in- 
convenient for him to be present at all of our meetings. 
We need preaching oftener than once a month. Any one de- 
siring to make a change in location might do well to consider 
this- field. Farms can be bought at reasonable prices, handy 
to the church. We have a large churchhouse, six miles to 
railroad, in a good neighborhood of churchgoing people. We 
have thirteen members at present. Who will be the first to 
give us a call? — W. B. Maxwell, B. D. 9, Montserrat, Mo., 
Dec. 23. 

Endera. — At our last quarterly counclTwe elected a build- 
ing committee to erect a new house of worship in this con- 
gregation. Our present quarters are uncomfortable and too 
cramped to invite regular attendance on the part of the aver- 
age church-goer. Our Sunday school has grown until it is 
no longer a small task to handle the various classes, neces- 
sary to the best work. We will need some assistance from 
outside. Bro. Edwin Flory is our treasurer. We also organ- 
ized a Christian Workers' meeting. The outlook for the com- 
ing year is good. — David G. Wine, Enders, Nehr., Dec. 19. 

Sargent.— On account of the distance of twenty-five miles 
from the Arcadia church, where we properly belong, we de- 
cided to work at this place. Last May Bro. C. S. Garher, of 
St. Joseph, Mo., labored in a three weeks' series of meetings 
here, and baptized five. We then organized a prayer meeting 
and worked together until the following August, when Bro. 
H. C. Collyer, of St. Joseph, began preaching for ua. But 
on account of the sickness of his wife, he was with us only 
one week. In September we held our love feast, having sev- 
eral of the Arcadia members with us. Twelve surrounded 
the Lord's table, some for the first time. The following Oc- 
tober Bro. H. C. Collyer and family located here, and we now 
have regular preaching services and prayer meeting. We 
are going to make a strong effort to have a churchhouse as 
soon as possible. Twenty-five acres of ground has been rent- 
ed and sown in wheat, the sale of which will go towards a 
church fund. Any one, desiring to locate where he can use 
his talent in song service, is invited to come this way. We 
are few In number, but willing to work for the Lord. — Mary 
Miller, Sargent, Nebr., Dec. 23. 

South Beatrice church met in council Dec. 19, Eld. Jacob S. 
Dell presiding. All business was disposed of pleasantly. 
Bro. Samuel Terwlliger was reelected Sunday-school super- 
intendent. A collection of $18 was taken for the widow of 
a deceased elder. Our Sunday school is well attended and 
Interesting. We meet again on Christmas Day, the Lord 
w niing. — Lydla Dell, Beatrice, Nebr., Dec. 21. 


Beech. Grov» met in regular council Dec. 12, Eld. Samuel 
Blocher presiding. A very pleasant meeting was had. Bro. 
Geo. Deardorff, of Michigan, who began a series of meetings 
Dec. 8, and Bro. Bagwell, of Bremen, Ohio, attended the 
council, and rendered valuable service. Four letters were 
granted. Bro. Irvin Royer was chosen as Sunday-school 
superintendent. Bro. D. A. Keener was chosen president of 
our Christian Workers' meeting, and Bro. N. E. Royer secre- 
tary of the same. Our series of meetings closed on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 20, with good interest. Our church has been 
much strengthened. Bro. Deardorff labored earnestly. — An- 
drew A. Petry, Hollansburg, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Belief out alne Mission reorganized their work Dec. 19, with 
Sister Bessie M. Kaylor, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. 
A. B. Horst, prayer meeting leader; Bro. C. E. Crlm. leader 
of Christian Workers' meeting; Sister Kaylor leader of 
teachers' meeting; Sister Louella Swank, Messenger corre- 
spondent. Bro. Arthur Workman, of North Manchester, Ind., 
will begin- a series of meetings here Jan. 23. — Bessie M. Kay- 
lor, Bellefontaine, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

Black Swamp church met In quarterly council Dec. 19, Bro. 
Uriah Garner presiding. The work was alt disposed of In a 
pleasant manner. Bro. George Garner was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent. Bro. Thomas Crago was elected so- 
licitor for home mission funds. — Ella E. Garner, R. D. 1, 
Walbrldge, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Canton. — Our council was held at the Center house Dec. 19. 
One was received by baptism. One was received at the same 
place a few weeks previous. We also held a series of meet- 
ings at the same house during December. Our home min- 
isters did most of the preaching. Bro. William Bixler, of 
East Akron, Ohio, also preached a few sermons, but, on ac- 
count of sickness, was unable to continue the meetings. — 
George S. Grim, Louisville, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Eagle Creek church met In council Dec. 19. All business 
was disposed of In love and union. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. Paul Spacht 
was chosen as Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. J. J. 

Anglemyer was chosen president of our Christian Workers' 
meeting for three months. Our spring love feast Is ap- 
pointed for May 22, at 10 A. M. — Lois Rodabaugh, Williams- 
town, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

rostoria.— Dec. 20 w© closed a two weeks' series of meet- 
ings, conducted by Bro. C. L. Wilklns. Our attendance was 
good. One dear one was reclaimed. On Christinas, services 
will be held at our little church. — Jennie Sellers, Fostoria, 
Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Maple drove. — We have just closed a most Interesting 
series of meetings, held by Bro. Aaron Heestand, of Smlth- 
vllle, Ohio, who labored earnestly. Two wore born anew. 
We held an all-day meeting Nov. 26. A Thanksgiving sermon 
was preached by Bro. Heestand In the forenoon, and in the 
afternoon the sisters' aid society held their services. They 
packed two barrels of clothing and food, which we sent to 
the Chicago Mission. — Mrs. G. A. Cassel, Ashland, Ohio, 
Dec. 20. 

Bad Biver. — On Sunday evening, Dec. 20, Eld. I. J. Rosen- 
berger closed a three weeks' series of meetings here. Several 
day meetings were held. At one of these meetings Bro. 
Ephriam Longanecker was reelected Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. One children's meeting and four Christian Workers' 
meetings were also held. Bro. Rosenberger labored earnestly, 
making many calls, and giving us many instructive and 
practical sermons. The membership was revived and placed 
on a better working basis. At the close he gave an address 
to the young people, with a full house, composed largely of 
young people. Bro. Charles Flory will begin preaching at 
Pitsburg Jan. 2.— Levi Mlnnlch, Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Richland. — Our church met in regular council Dec. 19, and 
transacted much business In a spirit of meekness. Sister 
Kathryn Porter is our Sunday-school superintendent. We de- 
cided to secure an evangelist to hold a series of meetings the 
coming year. Eld. Reuben Shroyer is now with us In a 
series of meetings. Attendance and Interest are good. Five 
have expressed a desire to unite with the church. Three 
were recently received by letter. — Ira E. Long, R. D. 1, Mans- 
field, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Trotwood church met In council Dec. 23, Eld. L. A. Book- 
waiter presiding. Three letters of membership were received. 
Brethren Thomas Karns and Ira Eby were reelected Sunday- 
school superintendents. Arrangements were made for Bro. 
Chas. Flory to hold a series of meetings next November. 
The church renews her call for the next district meeting. A 
love feast will be held In the near future for the benefit of 
our own members. On the morning of Dec. 20 Bro. Noah 
Beery broke to us the Bread of Life; in the evening our aged 
elder, John Smith, gave us an excellent address on the sub- 
ject of peace. — Sarah E. Minnich, Trotwood, Ohio, Dec. 24. 
.Upper Stillwater.— The series of meetings, held at this 
place, conducted by Bro. S. Z. Smith, closed last evening, Dec. 
23. Besides the members being greatly strengthened, eleven 
came out on the Lord's side, eight having already been bap- 
tized. The others will be baptized on Christmas Day. One 
was reclaimed. — Jerry Holllnger, Versailles, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

West Milton. — We have just closed a very Interesting and 
beneficial ten-days' Bible Institute at this place, conducted 
by Bro. N. E. Baker, of Bethany Bible School. He did some 
very earnest work while with us, and we shall be glad to 
have him with us again. Wo met In council Dec. 22, Eld. 
J. K. Brumbaugh presiding. Four were received by church 
certificates. — R. C. Wenger, R. D. 1, Union, Ohio, Dec, 23. 

West Dayton church met in regular quarterly council on 
Thursday evening, Dec. 17. Eld. D. S. Filhrun presided. 
Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the en- 
suing year. Sister Florence Tyday was appointed missionary 
worker. We expect Bro. D. M, Garver to preach on Sunday, 
Dec. 27. — D. W. Knelsly. 19 Baker Street, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 

2, at tho Maple Spring house. Bro. H. C, Early ts expected 
to ha with us. Our Sunday school was reorganized. The 
attendance is good during the winter months. Our teachers' 
meetings are interesting.— J. W. Rummel, Holsopple, Pa,, 
Dec. 21. 

Schuylkill. — We held our council on Dec. 19. Our elder, 
E. M. Wenger, presided. All business was pleasantly disposed 
of, Bro. Michael Stump was chosen Messenger correspondent 
and ns agent. Wo decided to build a house of worship some 
time in the future. Bro. Samuel Wltmer, of Lancaster, Pa., 
began a scries of meetings In the Struphar house, He 
preached twenty-live sermons In all, full of power. Eleven 
souls came out on the Lord's side. Eight were baptized on 
Sunday, Dec, 20. — Wm. '/.. Klntzel, Pine Grove, Pa., Dec. 24. 


Nocona. — Eld. A. A. Sutter, of Louisiana, visited our church 
Dec. 11, preached until the 15th, and held council Saturday. 
Business passed off plcasuntly. Two letters wero granted, 
and ono received. Bro. Sutter preached the dedication ser- 
mon on Sunday. Ho gave us six sermons In all. One ap- 
plied for baptism tho lust night, and as Bro. Sutter had to 
leave very early next morning, baptism took place that night. 
Wo have a good Sunday school started in our new church- 
house. with sixty or seventy scholars and good interest. — 
Maggie Molsboe, R. D. G, Box 2, Nocona, Texas, Dec. 21. 


Trontville.— In "my communication of Dec, 15, from this 
church, I neglected to give the amount of Thanksgiving col- 
lection. The amount is J01.CC— Pearl Klnzlo, Troutvllle, Va., 
Dec. 19. 


Beaver Bun. — Eld. Jonas Pike, or Eglon, W. Va., began a 
series of meetings In the Beaver Run congregation at tho 
Welton sehoolhouse Dec. 12, and remained at that point till 
Dec. 20, preaching twelve sermon 8. Tho attendance was good 
and tho attention excellent. — R. B. Leatherman, Wllllamsport, 
W. Va.. Dec. 24. 

Mt. Union church mot In council Dec. 17, with Eld. Jasper 
Barnthouso presiding. Four letters of membership wero re- 
ceived. Wo decided to hold an election for a minister at our 
next council. Church officers wero reelected for the coming 
year, Our Gospel Messenger correspondent was reelected. 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. J. M. Plctcher, Bro, 
Barnthouso preached a very interesting sermon on Thursday 
evening after tho council. Our free-will offering amounted 
to $31.40.— Kate Pugli, R. D. 3, Box 21. Morgantown, W. Va„ 



Pleasant Valley. — Eld. Emra T. Fike, of Oakland, Md„ came 
to this place Dec. S, and commenced a series of meetings, 
which ho continued until Dec. 20, preaching, in all, fourteen 
sermons. We had a good meeting and the best of preaching. 
We baptized ten applicants, Bro. Fike Is a good rensoner 
and preached with the power of the Spirit. — M. C. Czlgan, 
R. D, 1, Auburn, W. Va„ Dec. 22. 

Wordon. — Thanksgiving Day wo mot for worship. Both old 
and young gave words of praise for tho many good things 
enjoyed. In the evening a number of us met at the home 
of Bro. J. Henderson for services, also a Thanksgiving supper, 
which was served from woll-illlcd baskets. Our aged brother 
has not been able to get out to services for months, and ho 
greatly enjoyed the occasion. Dec. 12 wo met In council. 
Bro. Ell Ulroy was chosen church clerk. We decided to have 
a series of meetings some time during tho coming year. Bro, 
Byer conducted the funeral services of Sister Cassle Jones, 
of Michigan, this being her former homo. In tho evening 
Bro. J. Patten preached an Interesting sermon. — II. E. Stry- 
ker, R. D. 2, Stanley, Wis., Doc. 17. 


" Write what thou aoest, and send it unto the churches." 

Sunday, Dec. 20, wife, daughter and myself visited Bris- 
tol, Intl., a small town of 800 inhabitants. The Brethren, 


Wyandot church met in council Dec. 19, with Bro. J. L. 
Guthrie presiding. Solicitors were appointed for tho coming 
year. One letter of membership was granted since our lost 
report. Any brethren, desiring to change location, are in- 
vited to visit our country, or write us before locating else- 
where. There are farms for sale near the church. Bro. C. L. 
Wilklns, of Mlddleton, M,lch., gave us a soul-cheering sermon 
last evening. — Laura A. Cook, R. D. 2, Box 61, Nevada, Ohio, 
Dec. 23. 


Big Creek. — We had a very good meeting on Thanksgiving 
Day. A collection of $4 was raised for home mission work. to my knowledge, have never held any meetings at^tniS 
Bro. A. C. Daggett, of Covert, Kans., came to us Nov. 28, to 
conduct a series of meetings. He delivered eighteen soul- 
cheering sermons. Two were baptized and one restored. Sis- 
ter Susie Kinzie conducted the song service for the meotlng. 
Our love feast of Dec. 12 was well attended. Bro. Daggett 
officiated. Dec. 17 was our council. Eld. A. J. Detrlck pre- 
sided. Bro. Harvey Fillmore was reelected Sunday-school 
superintendent. — Mrs. Mollie Fillmore, Cushing, Okia., Dec. 17. 

Cement church met for worship as usual. Eld. M. M. Ennls 
gave us a Christmas sermon, which was very interesting and 
impressive, after which the church decided to give the sur- 
plus Sunday-school money to St. Joseph and Kansas City 
Missions. It amounted to $3 each. We now have a member- 
ship of 28. — Mrs. Jennie Joy, Cement, Okla., Dec. 20. 

Turkey Creek church met in council Dec. 19, at tho home 
of Bro. J. D. Bashor, with our elder, J. H, Gordon, presiding, 
who also preached two soul-cheering sermons. All business 
was pleasantly disposed of, although there were but few 
members present. We would be very glad to have a minister 
locate with us, as we are few in number and very much 
isolated. — Mary Craik, Tonkawa, Okla., Dec. 20. 


rairview church closed a series of meetings Dec. 13, con- 
ducted by Bro. Edward Wenger, of Little Swatara congrega- 
tion. He has preached seventeen very Interesting sermons. 
One made the good choice. Since my last report two were 
added to the church. — Adam G. Fahnestock, R. D. 4, Man- 
heim, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Mingo, — Oct. 31 the Mingo church enjoyed a love feast at 
the Skippack house, with a number of visiting brethren from 
surrounding churches. Next day Bro. E. N. Wenger, of Fred- 
ericksburg, Pa., commenced a series of meetings there, con- 
tinuing for two weeks. Three made the good confession and 
were baptized. Nov. 28 Bro. Albert Hollinger, of Gettys- 
burg, Pa., began a series of meetings at the Mingo house. 
There was an excellent interest throughout, and twelve came 
out on the Lord's side. Today eleven were baptized and ono 
awaits the ordinance. Dec. 5 we met in regular quarterly 
council, with our elder, Jesso Zlegler, presiding. One mem- 
ber was received by letter. Business passed off harmonious- 
ly The prospects for the Lord's work seem quite encour- 
aging, — Harry H. Zlegler, R. D. 1, Royersford, Pa., Dec. 20. 

jjorristown. — On Tuesday evening, Dec. 8, Bro. A. L. B. 
Martin, of Harrisburg, Pa., began a series of revival serv- 
ices at the Norristown church, which closed with a love feast, 
Sunday, Dec. 20. We had indeed a season of refreshing. Two 
were received by baptism. Our feast was well attended. 
About seventy-nine communed. After the feast a few of the 
members engaged in a communion service at the home of 
Sister Rittenhouse, who, because of illness, was unable to 
attend the service at the church. — Carrie W. Ellis, R. D. 2, 
Norristown, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Quemahontug church met in council Dec. 19. Eld. D. H. 
Walker was With us to assist In the electing of two deacons. 
The lot fell on Brethren John E. Kauffman and H. A. Rum- 
mel. One letter of membership was granted. Bro. Walker 
remained with us over Sunday, and gave ua two very in- 
structive sermons. Our series of meetings are to begin Jan. 

place until about six months ago, when Bro. E. J. 
Swartz, of Wakarusa, a minister, located on a farm 
near the town. Brother and Sister Swartz, with Brother 
and Sister Barthal, and other members near the place, 
held a meeting in the town of Bristol. Through the 
kindness of the Presbyterians, our people have the use 
of a small, yet comfortable, house in which to conduct 
services, Here we met a good congregation of mem- 
bers, and others, fully alive in the work. Good atten- 
tion and interest prevailed. Our remarks for the oc- 
casion were based on 1 Peter 3: 15. These brethren and 
sisters have the cause of Christ at 'heart. Bro. Swartz 
is certainly doing a good work. They have a Sunday 
school every Sunday, and preaching every two weeks. 
This is one of the many places where mission work 
might be opened. We need brethren and sisters who 
have the cause of Christ at heart, as do the members 
already residing near Bristol. Peter Huffman. 

Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 21. 


Jan. 1, 1909, our year expires, during which we received 
one-half support, and devoted the other half of our time 
to the work on the Missouri side. 

During the year 'we built a good church basement, in 
which we held our first meeting April 5. Since then we 
have had a small but growing Sunday school; also a 
prayer meeting, held each Thursday evening. The writ- 
er held three series of meetings, of two weeks each; 
nineteen were baptized, and one was reclaimed. Wife 
and I made one thousand and twenty visits among the 
homes, in many of which we held prayer services. 

Recently the building committee met and decided to 
make a strong effort to raise a sufficient amount of funds 
to complete the churchhouse next spring. The Mission 
Boards of Northeastern Kansas and Middle Missouri met 
in our city and, by a united agreement between the two 
boards, we will continue the joint work another year. 
By the help of the Lord we will do what we can. 

I. H. Crist. 

14. N. Ferree St., Kansas City, Kans., Dec. 23. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 190S. 

We held our regular quarterly council Dec. 19, with our 
elder, I. H. Crist, presiding, assisted by Eld. D. F. Sink, 
of Lenox, Iowa. A great deal of business came before 
the meeting, which was transacted in a Christlike spirit. 
Three letters were granted and one received. 

All officers for the year 1909 were elected. Eld. 
G. W. Clemens, of Stet, Mo., was elected elder in charge. 
The writer was advanced to the second degree of the 
ministry, and elected pastor. Ero. E. O. Lowe was re- 
elected Sunday-schoo! superintendent, to be assisted by 
Sister Margaret Stolwell. Sister Millie Stolwell is our 

Dec. IS Ero. D. F. Sink commenced a series of meet- 
ings. The interest is good. Two of our Sunday-school 
boys confessed Christ at the close of the service last 
evening. We have baptized one young lady since our 
last report. Four more await the rite. 

Our mission work of ministering to the temporal needs 
of the many poor in our midst is being well supported 
by our members. Many hearts are made glad when the 
gifts of food and clothing are received. The fruits of 
your generous work, dear brethren and sisters, is man- 
ifesting itself. The poor are having the Gospel preached 
to them, and some are receiving the Word in good and 
honest hearts. J. W. Garrett. 

315 Massachusetts Avenue, Dec. 19. 

ers meeting is increasing in interest and attendance. 
Just now we are having delightful weather. Our boun- 
tiful crop is being gathered in. Elsie K. Sanger. 
Thomas, Okla., Dec. 9. 

Dec. 6 closed a very interesting series of meetings at 
this place, conducted by Bro. Wm. Piatt, of Princeton. 
He labored earnestly for two weeks. As a result, the 
church was strengthened and sinners converted. The day 
of our love feast, Dec. 5, eight were baptized. One, 
who had been out of the fold for nearly a score of years, 
was received back into fellowship. Nine others were 
received by letter. 

At our love feast 116 communed, including eight or 
ten visiting members. Dec. 7 Bro. Piatt and family left 
for the Imperial Valley, accompanied by the prayers of 
the church. They will labor for the Master in that field 
for some months to come. Bro. Piatt is also secretary- 
treasurer for the Old People's Home of Northern Cal- 
ifornia, — a project set on foot at our late district meet- 

The new colony, soon to locate in California, under the 
auspices of the Cooperative Colonization Company, have 
selected a location in this valley, which will mean another 
church organization for this district. Brethren, seek- 
ing new locations in a mild climate need not go into 
isolation, and lose their identity, when, by settling to- 
gether they may have church and social privileges from 
the first. 

A few years ago more than the entire State of Cali- 
fornia was required for one State District. In a few 
years more there will likely be three districts instead 
of the two, as at present. With the increase in num- 
bers may there also be a corresponding increase in spir- 
ituality and zeal for the Master's cause. D. L. Forney 
Reedley, Cal., Dec. 10. 

Nov. 22 our new churchhouse in Thomas was dedi- 
cated. Bro. J. M. Crouse, of West Virginia, delivered the 
dedicatory address, assisted by Bro. A. J. Smith, of Texas. 
The house was full of attentive listeners. Besides a 
light and comfortable audience room, we have two Sun- 
day-school class rooms. .The house and lots cost about 
$2,000— all paid for. 

On the evening of November 22 Bro. Smith began 
a series of meetings, which lasted two weeks. Six of 
our Sunday-school children were baptized. One was 
restored. We regretted very much to close these meet- 
ings while there was still an increasing interest. Bro. Smith 
consented to return in January to conduct a class in vo- 
cal music, and give us more meetings. We had services 
on Thanksgiving Day. The offerings from the young peo- 
ple's and children's classes amounted to a'bout $40, 
which amount will be sent to the Chicago Sunday-school' 
Extension Fund. A general collection of $40 dollars was 
taken, $5.40 of which is to be sent to our District Mis- 
sion Fund. The remainder is to be used to pay off the 
indebtedness on the churchhouse. 

Dec. 3 our council convened, preparatory to the love 
feast, at which time the report of the annual visit was 
made. Dec. 4 we met for our love feast. About fifty- 
three members surrounded the tables. Bro. Cook, of 
Billings was with us, and assisted in the services. We had 
many visitors that evening. We had excellent order 
and attention. Dec. 6 Grandma Fisher who had come 
from an isolated point to attend the love feast 
anointed at the home of Bro. Applcman. The 
was very impressive. 

Nov. 24 Bro. Smith was called away for two days to 
visit and anoint his aged and afflicted father. From here 
he goes to visit his father again, and then to Lake Arthur 
and Clovis, New Mexico, to conduct a scries of meet- 
ings. The work here is progressing nicely and we feel 
very much encouraged. Last month our average at- 
tendance at Sunday-school was 70. Our Christian Work- 

-At the earnest request of the members and the elder 
of the Larned congregation, Kansas, we left home Nov. 
12, to conduct for them a Bible Institute. On our way 
we stopped at Rocky Ford, Colo., noted for its far- 
famed cantaloupes and its million dollar sugar factory. 
Here is a live congregation of the Brethren, under the 
leadership of Eld. David Hann, who is also a member 
of the District Mission Board. We were glad to notice 
both the growth of the city and of the church, since our 
last visit. 

Our next stop was at Garden City, Kansas,— another 
waymark and place of note to the traveler going west. 
Here, also, is a live church in the care of Elder. S. E. 
Thompson. When we reached Larned, we found that 
this church has been blessed, for the past seven or eight 
years, and the well-filled granaries and large -corn cribs 
attest to the blessings received this year. This church 
tries to have its religious work in keeping with its tem- 
poral blessings, for, besides paying $3,000 for a com- 
modious churchhouse, five miles out in the country, 
a house and lot, costing $2,100, was recently bought in 
town, for a mission station. On this is to be erected a 
$3,000 churchhouse, making, in all, $8,000 devoted to re- 
ligious purposes, which this congregation assumes, and 
says nothing about it, but this is not all. Soon after the 
house in town was bought, an active missionary was 
placed into it, and the church will see to it that his fam- 
ily will not suffer, while he gives his entire time to the 
work of the Lord. When we remember how long it 
took an entire State District with its thousands of mem- 
bers, and its millions of money to raise $8,000 to build a 
church in a city within its limits, and. then see how read- 
ily this congregation of a hundred members could so 
quickly raise this sum, we were made to wonder, and are 
still wondering, what makes this difference. 

The members of the Larned church took a deep inter- 
est in the Bible Institute, about eighty per cent being 
in attendance. All the various means of grace, found 
in our church, including a junior Christian Workers' band, 
are well sustained by an active laity, under the efficient 
eldership of Bro. Michael Keller. One thing impressed 
us especially. The members observed the "order of 
the church." We have always observed that the churches 
most in order always make the greatest progress in 
divine life. 

The Brethren at Quinter, learning of our being in 
Kansas, gave us a pressing invitation to hold a Bible 
Institute in their congregation before returning home 
We accepted the invitation. We found that this con- 
gregation had passed through some severe ordeals since 
our last visit, twenty years ago. During the years of 
the terrible drouth, when more than a hundred thousand 
land owners in Kansas went under, financially, this church 
suffered with the rest, and its numbers were decimated, 
but, with the return of prosperity, the church grew until 
it n.ow numbers 245. There is a large number of quite 
young members, among whom are many bright minds. 
A deep interest was manifested in the study of the Bible. 
Elder D. A. Crist has charge of this church, which is 
kept in good order. s z S1)arp 

Fruita, Colo., Dec. 26. 

ized the Wayne Mission, three miles above there. Bro. 
Wine has filled an appointment at that place the first 
Sunday in each month, whenever possible. 

We decided to hold a love feast for them this fall. 
Dec. 4 and 5 thirteen of our members went to the Wayne 
Mission. Six of the members belonging there had moved 
thirty-five miles below there, so could not come, leav- 
ing only four members there. This made seventeen 
to take part in the love feast. There was a large at- 
tendance from the outside world, and other churches. 
They gave us the best of attention. 

On Sunday some told us that the love feast was the 
most touching sight they ever saw. They said, " You 
claim to observe all things, and you surely do it We 
see nothing left out." They asked us to come again 
in the spring, and hold another love feast. With char- 
acteristic Southern hospitality they said their doors 
were always open to us, and they would do all they 
could for us. Some talk of coming to our church soon, 
and I believe they will, for we have had evidence of it 
this fall. 

Sunday, Oct. 4, I received a letter from a brother west 
of State Line, Miss., saying that his wife was very sick 
and wanted to be baptized. He desired' me to bring 
some minister to attend to it. I was crippled in my arm 
and could not go, so Bro. Wine and some of the brethren 
and sisters went. They found that the applicant had 
not set up five minutes in the day, but slie desired bap- 
tism. They put her in a chair, 'carried her to the water 
and administered the rite. She commenced improving 
almost immediately. Five weeks from that time another 
man said that he and his wife wanted to be baptized 
Bro. Wine, together with self, wife and daughter, went 
to the same place- to perform the rite. At that time 
this woman, that had to be carried to the water five 
weeks before, walked three-quarters of a mile to the 
water, and the same distance coming back. Then, too, 
she had to climb a very steep bluff going home. Now] 
Brethren, what is it? Is the' Lord blessing our efforts' 
at this place? We are not gathering in great numbers 
yet, but we have baptized three native members into 
our church this year. Are they worth the effort? The 
Bible says that one soul is worth more than the whole 
world. We have more calls than %ve can fill for preach- 
ing, having only two ministers here,— Brethren M. Wine 
and John Jordan. Bro. Jordan is nearly seventy-eight 
years old, and does not feel able to go to these out- 
lying places, so it falls on Bro. Wine. 

We have some members at Citronelle, Ala., that are 
worthy of attention, but our hands are so full that we 
cannot get to it, and, again, we are not out of debt with 
our church yet. Being poor people, we have to save 
every cent we can in order to pay our indebtedness. 
Some of us do not even take the Messenger, in order 
to pay off our church debt. 

At our last Annual Meeting $22,000 was given for mis- 
sion work, but was there a dollar of it ' given for the 
South? Will there be any of it used in our own 

It is surely needed here, 

vn home 

our own 


In reading a book about a little paper, a short time 
ago, I was made to think how much more is said and 
done for work in foreign countries than for portions of 
home land. We have earnest, consecrated 
and sisters, offering their services for for- 
eign mission work, where they have to learn new ways 
and languages, while in our own home land, where lan- 
guage and customs are practically the same, little work 
is attempted. All that needs to be done here is to go 
to work and stick to it. 

The question comes to me: Why is the Church of the 
Brethren neglecting this great field? There are 
thousands of people in Alabama and Mississippi who 
have never heard of the Church of the Brethren or its 
doctrine. Why is it? Whose fault is it? Are we obey- 
ing the commands in our own home land or not? It 
seems to me that something is wrong somewhere. The 
point is to find where the trouble lies, and rectify the 

I sometimes wish I could have pictures made of the 
homes and people of the backwoods country here and 
use a stereopticon at Annual Meeting, to show the ' 
Brethren how things are in this part of the South I 
also wish that some of the brethren, filled with the mis- 
sion spirit, could come down here, to let us take them 
out into the back country, to see for themselves 

Five years ago Bro. M. M. Ennis, wife and myself, 
assisted by some members, living twenty-eight miles 
northwest of Fruitdale, held a love feast,_the first ever 
held in that country by our Brethren. Two united 
with the church at that time, and arc still faithful In 
March, 1908, Brethren A. E. Nead and M. Wine organ- 

f anywhere. It appears 
to me that it certainly is not for the best that so manv 
offer themselves or their money for foreign mission 
work, to the neglect of the southern States of our own 
country. Can we expect a very great blessing from 
such neglect? I may be a little severe in my talk in 
regard to this work, but I feel that some of the bur- 
den should, be lifted from our shoulders. Can this one 
little church, at Fruitdale, Ala., be expected to carry the 
Gospel to the entire South, or Alabama and Missis- 
sippi, either, for that matter? Brethren, come and help 
us. Who will be the first? 

I do not know if you will feel like printing this, since 
I am not subscribing for the Messenger, but it is not be- 
cause I do not want it, or on account of carelessness 
but because I am a poor man and much of the deacons' 
work falls on me. I have to give a great deal of time 
to church work, and every cent I can spare I apply on 
the church debt. I felt as if I could not keep still but 
must write something to try to stir up some one in re- 
gard to the work in this part of the South 

Fruitdale, Ala., Dec. 16. p. M. White. 


of the 

money raised at Des Moines, in the form of 
appropriation to district boards, is liel ' 
— ork '■ 


ey should 

to which 

All appropriations for help in 

ough tile district boards. While 

isolated from the other churches 

- - :he mis-do 
.. country. We fee! oulte sure 'rh-it th 
General Mission Board would be elad to appropriate 1 e 
lor carefully-conducted mission work in the 
Fruitdale, or other parts of the South if the r 
be called for by the District Board of Tennes. 
district Alabama belongs, 
home lands are made thi 
Fruitdale is considerably 

s?ilf h tl,e' S „ t , r .d t . , , t "T 6eta E nearly soo'mVles teTwee^"tl,enT 
still the needed aid. according to the rule sovernlnir other 

Hal «?:,,, mU , St ,b? e aS, : e f t0r throush "» Tennessee 5 boa d 
Dee * hi,^ , S , T' "I™ '"' whe " "' e G " neral B ™''0 met 

Dee 2, help could have been secured. As it Is. no appro- 
priation can now be made until the Board merts In Anrll 
The General Board is quite willing to appropr? te money for 
Ission work in the South, it the call for aid ra „ be made 
way, and assurance Is siven that the work 
up and pushed with Intelligence and visor, 
known the General Board to refuse a reeular 
carrying on mission work, when there wis 
money on hand. The only reason more money 1 as not b"en 

e sf •, ws r„"s PS - dTthat'-r i 

TS. MM' Sari £»- - -™ 

In the regular 
will be taken 
We have never 
call for aid in 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1909. 



" What therefore God has joined together! let not man pu 


Mnrrlajjo notices should bo accompanied by 50 cents. 

Clark-Kentner.— A t our home in Garden Grove, Iowii, bv 
tho writer, Dec. IS. 1908. Mr. Ralph W. Clark and Sister 
Maud Kentner, both of Decatur Co., Iowa. L. M. Kob. 

Nolt-Myer.— By the undersigned, Dec. 12, 1908, Mr. Jonas 
H. Nolt. of Ephrata, Pa., and Sister Marv W. Myer, of Bare- 
ville, Pa. I. W. Taylor. 

Stanuafer-Free By the undersigned, Dec. 9, 1908, at the 

home of the bride, Bro. A. I. Staiulafer and Sister Bessie 
Free, both of Worthlngton, Minn. Joshua Schechter, Jr. 

Wolff-Free. — By the undersigned, Dec. 9, 190S, at the home 
of the bride, Bro. Charles E. Wolff and Sister Jessie Free, 
both of Worthington, Minn. Joshua Schechter, Jr. 


"Blessed are the dead which die 

Baker, George, born near Union, Montgomery Countv, Ohio, 
April 22, 1831. died Dec. 15, 1908, at his home near Greenville. 
Darke County, Ohio, in the bounds of the Palestine church, 
aged 77 years, 7 months and 23 days. He was married to 
Susanna Pltsenberger Aug. JG, 1852, who preceded him three 
years ago. To this union were born Ave sons and three 
daughters, three sons and one daughter having preceded him. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren in 1356. He 
served in the deacon's office for thirty-six years. He leaves 
two sons and two daughters. Services conducted by Eiders 
Jesse Stutsman and David Hollinger from Rev. 14: 13. 

Grace Baker. 

Bookwalter, Wm. K., born in Juniata County. Pa., Oct, 30, 
1S32, died in Donnals Mills, Pa., Dec. 3, 1908, of paralysis, 
aged 7G years, 1 month and 3 days. He came to Darke 
County, Ohio, with his parents, in 1855. He was married to 
Esther Baker, to which union eleven children were born, the 
mother being called to her reward Oct. 20, 18S0. He united 
with the church in 1850, and spent his latter days in Donnals 
Mills, Po. The body was brought to Greenville, Ohio. Serv- 
ices by Eld. Jesse Stutsman, from the West Branch church. 

Levi MInnich. 

Calderwood, Sister Barbara Elien, nee Baker, born neat- 
Bakers, Darke County, Ohio, Dec. 4, 1S47, died at her home 
In Dawn, Ohio, Oct. 30, 190S, aged 60 years, 10 months and 
26 days. She was a devoted mother and faithful sister. 
Husband, one son and three daughters survive. Services at 
their home by Eld. David Hollinger. Interment at Versailles, 
Ohio. Catharine Hollinger. 

Groves, John, son of Philip and Jane Groves, born Sept. 
25, 1844, died at his home at Hartford City, Blackford County. 
Ind„ Dec. 11, 1908, aged 64 years, 2 months and 16 days. He 
was married three times, his first wife being Carrie I-Iarte, 
to which union two child pen were born. The wife and one 
child preceded him. Hi3 second marriage was with Annie 
Dougherty, to which union three children were born. Wife 
and one child preceded him. His third marriage was with 
Sarah C. Rogers, to which union two children were born, one 
child having preceded him. Wife, three sons, one daughter, 
four brothers and one sister survive. After his last marriage 
he and wife united with the chuvch April 10, 1887. In 1891 
he was called to the ministry, advanced to the second de- 
gree a few years "later, and in 1900 was ordained as elder. 
Services at the M. E. church by Bro. J. F. Spitzer from Job 
14: 14. Interment in the Olive Branch cemetery. 

Annie Rogers. 

Heiny, Bro. Christian, "born April 5, 1824, in Lancaster, 
Pa., died at his late home in Clarksville, Ind., Dec. 14, 1908, 
aged 84 years, S months and 9 days. He remained with his 
parents until at the age of twenty-one. He was married to 
Barbara Heiny, daughter of Samuel and Anna Heiny, Jan. 
18, 1S46. To them were born four sons and three daughters. 
In 1SG4 they moved near Noblesville, Ind., where they lived 
until the death of his companion, April 21, 1889. Later he 
married Julia Huffman, and then moved to Clarksville, Ind. 
In October, 1869, he united with the Church of the Brethren, 
in the Stony Creek church. Shortly afterwards he was elected 
to the deacon's office. During his illness of two weeks he 
was anointed, and passed away six days later. Services by 
Bro. Joseph Spitzer in the Christian church at Clarksville. 

Grace B. Stern. 

Ibach, Clara Ellen, daughter of Andrew and Amanda 
Kreiser, died at Enola, Pa., Dec. 9, 1908, aged 31 years. 4 
months and 26 days. She is survived by several small chil- 
dren. Services by Brethren John H. Witmer and Thomas 
Patrick, from Isa. 38: 1. Interment at Hanoverdale. 

John J. Shiffler. 

Kittennon, Sister Sarah, wife of Eld. Gabriel Kltterraan. 
born in Maryland, May 30, 1839, died in the Prairie Creek 
church, Ind., Dec. 15, 190S, aged G9 years, 6 months and 15 
days. She came to Wayne County, Ind., in 1842. In 1858 she 
was married to Gabriel Kltterman, after which they moved 
on to a farm in Blackford County, Ind., where she resided 
until death. To this union were born five children, four of 
whom are living. Husband, three sons, one daughter, two 
sisters and two brothers survive. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren in 1861. Services at the Sugar Grove 
house, by the writer. Interment in the cemetery near by. 

Lewis Huffman. 

Bexroad, Sister Mary M. died at her home in the Beaver 
Creek congregation, Va., Dec. 7, 1908, of heart trouble, aged 
66 years, 8 months and 7 days. Sister Mary was a faithful 
church worker for a number of years. Her first marriage 
was with Bro. John C. Miller, who died in 1S90. Her second 
husband, Daniel Rexroad, died about five years ago. Seven 
stepchildren survive. Services by Bro. H. G. Miller, assisted 
by Bro. A. S. Thomas. Text, Rev. 22: 14. 

Delphia S. Click. 

Smith, Jennie Adeline, daughter of Brother and Sister 
Ezra Smith, of Lower Paxton Township, Dauphin County, Pa 
died Dec. 10, 1908, aged 13 years, 6 months and 12 days. 
Services improved from Mark 13: 33 by Brethren A. J. Shope 
and John A. Landis, at the Paxton house. John J. Shiffler. 

Wetzel, Sister Susan, of Waynesboro, Pa., died of acute in- 
digestion Dec. 16, 1908, aged 66 years, 6 months and 9 days. 
She was sick less than two days. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren about twenty-nine years ago. At 
the time of the division she went with the Old Order Breth- 
ren. Four years ago she returned to the church. She was 
a whole-hearted, faithful servant of the Lord. Having no 
home of her own, her body was taken to the home of Bro. 
D. B. Mentzer, where services were conducted by Bro. Isaac 
Riddlesbergerf Text, Matt. 25; 13. Interment in graveyard 
adjoining Price church. She Is survived by one brother and 
one sister. Sudie M. Wlngert. 

Younker, Sister Arabella, nee Berkebile, died at her home- 
in Shade Creek congregation, near Windber, Somerset County, 
Pa., Dec. 7, 1908, aged 43 years, 8 months and 21 days. De- 
ceased was a member of the Church of the Brethren for a 
number of years. She is survived by husband and a large 
family. Services at the Berkey church,- by Bro. Brlce Sell. 
Text, 1 Cor. 15; 26. Interment in the church cemetery. 

Sadie E. Faust. 

Literary Activity of the Brethren 
in the Eighteenth Century 

By^Prof. John S. Flory, Ph. D. 

An intensely interesting volume dealing with the history 
of Educational Work and Literary Endeavor in the Church of 
the Brethren during the first century of their existence as a de- 
nomination. Owing to the careful and conscientious research 
on the part of its author, this book will be referred to as an 
authority on the subject for years to come. This book should 
find its way into 20,000 Brethren homes before the Holidays. 
Here are two of the many testimonials we have received: 

One of the Most Interesting. 
I consider "Literary Activity of the Brethren in 
the Eighteenth Century" one of the most inter- 
esting books outside of the Bible for the following 
reasons: (1) It brings to view so many of our 
earlier literary productions, all of which are in such 
good harmony with gospel principles as held by the 
church today. (2) It shows the early church to be 
really in advance of the times, religiously. The 
book is most inspiring and encouraging to him who 
loves the church, and her posterity.— L. W. Teeter, 
^Ic-mber of the General Mission Board. 

A Thorough Treatment of the Subject. 
I wish to c'xpress my appreciation of " Literary 
Activity of the Brethren in the Eighteenth Cen- 
tury." I consider it a very valuable contribution to 
our church literature. The author is to be con- 
gratulated for the thorough treatment of his sub- 
ject. His style is easy and attractive. It is a read- 
able book and ought to find its way into many 
homes. — T. T. Myers, Instructor in Juniata College, 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

If you have not already secured a copy of this book, place an order with our 
nearest agent, at once. A cloth bound book of 335 pages. 

Price, prepaid, $1.25 

Elgin, Illinois 

:• •:• •:■ •:• •:• •;• •:• -:• •:■ * •;• •:■ •;■ •:■ •:• -:- * * * * * * * ••• ■ . 

The Lord Our 

By Elder S. N. McCann 

The third edition of this book is having an unusually large sale. Brother McCann has vis- 
ited and lectured in many congregations throughout the United States this year, always creating 
a demand for his books. The book is the result of a prodigious amount of earnest, thoughtful 
work and deserves the careful perusal of every Christian. The author enters upon the vital 
questions of our religion. He insists that the central truth of Christianity is " Christ our Right- 
eousness." He uses many quotations from the Gospel and fortifies his position with the Word 
of Truth. This new edition is bound in beautiful cloth, with back and side titles in white foil, 
printed on fine quality of paper, and is in every respect a first-class book. The beautiful frontis- 
piece is in imitation of photogravure. A book of 128 pages. 

Price, postpaid, 50 cents 


Elgin, Illinois 

Christian Workers' Society 
Outline Booklets 

January- June, 1909; 

A full page of suggestions on each lesson 
for the first half of 1909. The outlines in 
this booklet have been prepared by Eld. 
J. G. Royer, and have been so selected as 
to be closely related to the Sundav-school 
lessons for 1909. Splendid topics! Helpful 
outlines ! Timely suggestions ! Order a 
booklet for each member of your Christian 
Workers' society. 


For leas than 25 copies, each, 4 cents 

For 25 copies or over, each 3 cents 

For 50 copies or over, each, 2% cents 

For 100 copies or over, each, 3 cents 


Eljrin, Illinois. 

Tell your friends about 

The Brethren Teachers' Monthly 

A Spiritual, Practical, Helpful Commentary on the Inter- 
national Sunday-school Lessons. 


I find the "Brethren Teachers' Monthly" very Interesting, 
ivlth the " Teachers' Monthly." — 

"Teachers' Monthly." — 

In our school every family but one receives the "Teachers' 
Monthly." — Mary Garber. 
I like the " Monthly " very much. — Viola Stouder. 
The "Teachers' Monthly" Is fine. — F. A. Vanlman. 

It Is one of the best publications of Its kind now being put 
out by any house. — W. O. Eeckner. 

None Better 

You will further the Sunday-school Cause by calling 
the attention of Sunday-school Workers to the Breth- 
ren Teachers' Monthly. 
Subscription price, per year .50 cents 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 2, 1609. 


Cbloag-o church met in council Dec. 26. A great deal of 
business was transacted. Elders Galen B. Royer, C. C. Price 
and D. S. Filbrun were with lie. Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year. Brethren Elmer Metzger and 
Benjamin Wolf were called to the deacon's office. Bro. 
James M. Moor* was chosen as our elder for a short time. 
We are hoping soon to secure some one to take up this work 
permanently, as pastor and elder. A number of other officers 
and committees were appointed. Bro. Price preached for us 
on Sunday morning, after which Bro. A. P. Wine was ad- 
vanced to the second degree of the ministry. Last Tuesday 
evening a Christmas program was rendered. Our little chapel 
was crowded to its utmost. A number had to be turned away 
from the door. We are closing the year 1908 with an en- 
couraging field before us for the coming year. In which we 
hope to do much and better work for the Master. — Minerva 
Eisenhour, 663 S. Ashland Avenue, Chicago. 111., Dec. 28. 

Johnstown. — We have just closed another splendid meeting 
in our congregation at the BensehofC Hill house. Thirteen 
were added to the church, ten of the number being heads of 
families. Seven ty-seven have been added to our congrega- 
tion since the beginning of our meetings. We expect to 
begin a series of meetings in the Morreilvflle house, the lat- 
ter part of January. — J. H. Cassady, 46 Sell St., Johnstown, 
Pa., Dec. 25. 

Bethel church has great reason to rejoice and to be en- 
couraged. Nov. 22 a series of meetings began at Pleasant 
View chapel, three miles east of Milford, in -which Bro. John 
Kltson did the preaching. The crowds and Interest grew to 
the close of these efforts. Several were added by baptism. 
We have one applicant for restoration and others are con- 
victed of sin and made to feel the need of a Savior. Bro. 
Kltson did his part well. Dec. 2 Bro. J. W. Lear assisted the 
Brethren in Milford in a series of meetings, and closed Dec. 
25, preaching in all twenty-eight sermons, not only full of 
truth, but truth itself. Sister Lear accompanied her husband 
and they did much personal work. Early in the meetings one 
was baptized and on Christmas Day fifteen more received the 
holy rite of Christian baptism. Among this number were the 
two sons and two grandsons of the writer, rounding out our 
family In the Church of the Brethren. The prayers of 
twenty-five years have been answered. Two were restored 
at this meeting and one more awaits restoration. Still 
others promised to come soon. Bro. Lear preaches the Word 
without fear or favor. No church makes a mistake that se- 
cures the services of either of the brethren referred to above. 
— W. R. Deeter, Milford, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Smith Keokuk. — Bro. W. E. West, of Ankeny, Iowa, closed 
a very successful series of meetings. Dec. 24 eleven were 
baptized. Bro. West is a splendid revivalist and did much 
toward strengthening the church spiritually. Bro. Anthony 
Senger preached an Inspiring sermon on Christmas Day, after 
which a collection was taken for the Old Folks' Home. — 
Bertha Shelly, Ollle, Iowa, Dec. 27. 

Decatur Mission. — Bro. Geo. W. Miller, of La Place, III., 
began meetings Dec. 6, and continued until the 24th. , Five 
were received by baptism, and one more awaits the holy rite. 
Others are near the kingdom. — M. Flory, 1332 N. Warren 
Street, Decatur, III., Dec 28. 

Boonoke church met in council Dec. 26. Eld. A. A. Sutter 
presided in the absence of Eld. J. C. Minnlx, who was sick. 
Two letters were granted, and one letter was received. We 
decided to have our love feast Feb. 6. We also decided to 
have midweek prayer meeting in our homes each Wednesday 
evening, which will give the mothers and small children the 
privilege of a prayer service. Church, Sunday-school, Chris- 
tian Workers' and sisters' aid society officers were elected 
for 1909. — J. I. Miller, Roatfioke, La., Dec. 26. 


Beginning Jan. 24, and continuing until the 31st, the 
Special Bible Term of Maryland Collegiate Institute 
promises a week of good things. Bro. T. T. Myers, 
of Juniata, will conduct the preaching services each 
evening, and each day will give a lesson from both Acts 
and Romans. Bro. Bonsack, of Washington, D. C, will 
assist in teaching, taking up various subjects of personal 
problems. Other subjects to be taught are Philippians, 
the Gospel by Luke, and "The Four Gospels" in Sun- 
day-School Normal work. Besides these classes in regu- 
lar work, a number of miscellaneous topics will be taken 
up and discussed by various speakers. The week prom- 
ises much to those who will take advantage of these 
means of grace, 2nd we trust that the work may re- 
sult in much good to God's glory, 

De c 26. Anna M. Hutchinson. 


The ninth annual Bible Term of Elizabethtown Col- 
lege will begin Jan. 18, and close Jan. 31. Daily pro- 
gram: Bro. I. N. H. Beahm, Special Doctrine; Bro. S. 
H. Hertzler, Book of Hebrews; Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, the 
Epistles; Bro. E. E. Eshelman, Study of Missions. Aft- 
ernoon: Sister L. Margaret Haas, Teacher-training; Bro. 
B. F. Wampler, Music; Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, the Acts. 
Evangelistic services each evening by Bro. J. A. Long, 
preceded by song services, coudticted by Bro. B. F. 
Wampler. This will be a great spiritual feast. Make 
your arrangements to come! 

Special Programs: Educational Day, Jan. 23; Mission- 
ary Day, Jan. 30; Sunday-school Day, Jan. 31. 

Dec - 22- M. A. Good. 

At the last meeting of the trustees of Lordsburg Col- 
lege it was decided to send Eld. D. A. Norcross through- 
out the entire Pacific Coast field as solicitor for the Lords- 
burg College. He may be relied upon as one who will 
set the facts and conditions squarely before the people 
and the district. We hope that all will lend their hearty 
cooperation to the educational work now started. The 
outlook is encouraging. Every brother and sister who 
desires an education, or fathers and mothers who wish 

to leave to their sons and daughters the inheritance of a 
Christian education, should remember the great advan- 
tages of Lordsburg. Here is a quiet little village, beauti- 
fully situated amidst the flowers and orange groves, in a 
land of sunshine, and away from the alluring evils of a 
great city. Here the greatest possible good may result 
from the acquirement of an education. 
San Gabriel, Cal. W. E. TrostTe, 1 Sec. 


Logansport church closed a three weeks' meeting on 
last Sunday, conducted by Bro. Fetthouse, who has just 
lately moved into our congregation. The meetings were 
well attended, and the sermons full of inspiration. The 
people seemed anxious to hear the plain Word of God 
spoken, and we have reason to believe that in the near 
future there will be a great ingathering at this place. 

The last evening of the revival our brother conducted 
a Bible reading. Those having Bibles would respond to 
the reading of references as named, while he would follow 
with an explanation to each scripture Bro. Felt- 
house places much emphasis on the necessity of each 
member carrying a Bible to all the services. He is to 
begin a protracted effort at our churchhouse at Adams- 
borough the first week in January. 

Our Sunday school is improving nicely, and is- to give 
a Christmas program next Sunday evening. Several have 
been received by letter during the last few months, and 
we feel greatly encouraged with the outlook for the fu- 
ture. Bro. Crosswhite, accompanied by his wife, recently 
spent a Sunday with us. He gave us an excellent sermon. 

R, D. 3, Dec. 14. May Duddleston. 


We ask the special attention of the readers of the 
Messenger to the Bible Institute program, beginning 
Friday, Jan. 15, and continuing until Friday, Jan. 
29, 1909. The regular class work will be confined 
fo Brethren Howe, Haines and Myers. One pe- 
riod each day (4: IS) will be occupied by Dr. M. G. 
Brumbaugh, Eld. W. J. Swigart and other members of 
the faculty, in the discussion of such subjects -as will 
be of interest to Sunday-school and mission workers, 
and to all who wish to do service for the Master in any 
way. It is the purpose of those connected with this 
work to make this session of more than usual inter- 
est and helpfulness. 

Bro. Howe will commence a series of evangelistic 
services Monday evening, Jan. 18. With our strong force 
of _ instructors we have no hesitancy ' in asking all our 
friends to our coming Bible Institute. Come for the 
spiritual uplift that a two weeks' study of God's Word 
will give you; come for the encouragement and help that 
touch wilh fellow-workers will give you; come that you 
may be helped to do more efficient service for the Mas- 
ter in your respective fields of labor, and for the fur- 
therance of your peace and joy in Jesus our Lord. The 
expenses are light and you cannot afford to miss the 
opportunity offered. Please notify us of your coming 
at as early a date as possible. This is necessary be- 
cause of the crowded condition of our college buildings. 
Read carefully the following program: 
Daily Frog-ram. 

9:15 A. M., Chapel Exercises. 

9:45 A. M., The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah. — A. H. 

10: 30 A. M., The Book of Revelation. — W. M. Howe. 

2:00 P. M., The Book of Job. — W. M. Howe. 

2: 45 P. M., The Acts of the Apostles. — T. T. Myers. 
(This part is planned for the benefit of the Sunday-school 

4:15 P. M.. Special Discussions on Bible, Missionary and 
Sunday-school Themes. — Conducted by different members of 
the College Faculty. 

7:30 P. M„ Special Programs;- or Evangelistic Sermons. 
Huntingdon, Pa. J. B. Brumbaugh. 


For two weeks, from Jan. 4 to 15, 1909. 

I. Studies in Romans. II. Studies in Galatians. — P. B. 
Fitzwater. No one can have a proper conception of the plan 
of redemption, who is ignorant of the teachings of Paul in 
these two epistles. Come and study with us these great 

III. Lectures on Acts. IV. Lectures on Hebrews. V. Lec- 
tures on China, India and Japan. — S. N. McCann. Bro Mc- 
Cann's lectures on the Book of Acts will be given with the 
special object of aiding the Sunday-school teacher in the 
right understanding of the lessons for 1909; also to quicken 
the spirit of missions in our people. In his lectures on 
Hebrews the superiority of Christianity over Judaism will 
he shown, followed by Its practical bearing on Christian life 
and activity. In his lectures on China, Japan and India he 
will tell of what he saw on his trip around the world and 
especially of Ills experience In India as a missionary 

VI. Sunday-school Economy. VII. Evangelistic Services — 
I. N. H. Beahm. Bro. Beahm will give dally lectures on the 
principles of pedagogy as applied to Sunday-school teaching 
He will also conduct revival services each evening in the 
College Chapel. 

VIII. Drill in Sacred Music. — Sadie I. Stutsman. 

IX. The Young People's Meeting and Teacher-Training in 
the Sunday School. — I. Bennett Trout. Bro. Trout has. prom- 
ised to spend the last two days, Jan. 14 and 15 with us 
His aim will be to deal with the problem of the Young Peo- 
ple's Meeting and with Teacher-training in the Sundav 

Expenses: Enrollment fee, $1.00; board In dining hall per 
week, J2.25; furnished room, heat and light, per week SI 00 
North Manchester, Ind. 


The author tells of things seen in his travels around 
the world; and writes in such an interesting and impres- 
sive manner that the reading of the book will give one a 
better idea of things than would be received by many 
hundreds who would make the trip themselves. Pro- 
fusely illustrated and elegantly and substantially bound. 
602 pages. 

Cloth bound, Regular Price, $3.00 

Our Special Price go 

Leather bound, Regular Price 2.50 

Our Special Price 1J.0 

Full Morocco, Gilt Edge 3.00 

Our Special Price 1.40 

(Postage extra on each, 26 cents.) 



A book of 512 pages and containing 742 of the best 
hymns and sacred songs of the day. Suited to needs of 
the Sunday school, prayer meeting and all church services. 

Regular Edition 

Half leather, single copy, , $0.65 

Per dozen, prepaid 7.30 

Full leather (stiff) gilt edge, per copy, !. 1.00 

Limp leather, gilt edge, per copy, 1.10 

Gift Edition 

For gift purposes, we have made up a special edition 
of the Hymnal in full Morocco, limp cover, black kid 
lined. Your choice of colors: Green, black, brown and 
Price, prepaid, 51,50 

Morocco Seal Edition 

Bound in genuine Kid Morocco Seal, limp cover, black 
kid lined. Extra quality. Fine workmanship. In black 
Price, prepaid 91,75 

For 20 cents additional we print your name in gilt on 

Elgin, Illinois. 


If you have not already organized a class 
in Teacher Training, send for a copy of our 
new textbook and begin the class with the 
new year. During the past two months there 
has been a remarkable growth in the Teacher- 
Training enrollment of the Church of the 
Brethren. Much of this increase is due to 
the popularity of the 

Brethren Edition of 

Training; the Teacher 

which is the official textbook for the Church 
of the Brethren. The book contains : Twenty 
lessons on the Bible, by Dr. A. F. Schauffler. 
Ten lessons on the Pupil by Mrs. A. A. 
Lamoreaux. Ten Lessons on the Teacher by 
Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh. Ten Lessons on the 
Sunday school by Marion Lawrance and spe- 
cial chapters on " How the Bible Came to Us," 
" The Gist of the Books," " Teaching Hints " 
and " Organizing and Conducting a Teacher- 
Training Class." Two hundred and seventy- 
two pages. 

Bound in paper 35 cents 

Bound in cloth 50 cents 

Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 48. 

Elgin, 111., January 9, 1909. 

No. 2. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. Our postal arrangements with foreign countries fre- 

Editoriai,— quentlv are much more liberal than those enjoyed at 

The Lords burg College Bible School (D. L. M.) 25 . ',->■■ -,., T , . 

Helping to Understand the Gospel 25 home. Beginning with |an. 1 a parcels post agreement 

' ll,e ;S" , c t &7 Evidenc ' :3 that IU Is CaU ^' J ?f ^% with Austria becomes effective according to which 

The Tapeworm Hnsbands in. b. b.) 2« parcels; weighing eleven pounds, can be'sent for twelve 

How to Help the Preacher 26 ° ° / 

Keeping the Day (G. M.), 27 cents a pound Mo such favor is granted to our own 

Essays, — citizens. The utmost limit we allow is four pounds, 

"The Bread Which We Break." and "The Cup Which „,.,! tne „ te • sixteen rents -i nnnnrl Wliv tl.w and 

We Bless" and "Divide." By John Calvin Bright. IS riUU " le T * K lb Slxteen Cents a pOUlltl. VV 11 y tlUS ailU 

Santa ciaus. By J. u Swi'tzer is similar inequalities should be allowed to exist seems 

The Liquor Curse. By S. S. W. Hammers 19 - . . 

The Sunday-school Lesson Text Question. By l. w. strange indeed If we remember, however, the strong 

SalvaUon^Gained' and "kept.— Part" Two." By Andrew 19 and almost overwhelming influence of the various ex- 

A-^^^ 9 :a^'vi^]A^^'i^Bi^\ P reSS com P anies u P° n Congress, and especially the 

By Albert c. wieand, 20 Senate, we need not wonder. It is deplorable, in 

The Round Table,— church and state alike, when the few arc protected at 

Vain Repetitions.— Paul Mohler. God's Property.— B. F. o,„ - ,>„,„,„ f *i, k i *. i r *.■ n -i.i 

Heckman. His Last Message.— Martha Click Sanger. the expense of the body at large. Justice to all, Wltll- 

Withhoiding Matters-Joseph Hoisoppie. Mathematic- out fear or favor, will always bring about the most 

ally Stated. — Geo. F. Chemberlen. Something About . . b 

Satan. — j. h. Miner, some practical Questions. — No. satisfactory conditions everywhere 

10. — J. W. Wayland, 22 . 

Home and Family,— Xhe camp of the liquor element has been thrown 

The Rest Room.— Oma Karri. "Ye Are the Light of ■ , c ., . „ . , , , ,,, 

the world.-— Nancy d. Underbill 23 into a stat ^ of excitement since Preside nt-elect, Will. 

Missionary Department, — H. Taft, has come out so boldly in favor of temper- 
Find a Way or Make One. Worldiiness a Foe to a nce, both by example and precept. His would-be 

Church Growth. Make Yourself Known. A Moham- . , ' ' ' 

medan"s Testimony. Calling! Calling!— Mina h. Bos- critics sav he is " narrow-minded " and " desirous of 

serman. An American Girl In China. — Emma Horning. 27 . . . ., . , , ,, . . L „ „,, 

From Ahwa, India.— Sadie j. Miller 21 catering to the wishes of the anti-saloon element. The 

... very fact that he has taken the stand he has, proves 
A R O UN D THE WORLD '" S m * em '& ent g ras P of the situation. Taking into con- 
7 kto^w^w^w^wvvvv,vvww^ sideration His exalted position and great responsi- 
Following the plan, already in successful operation bilities ' his decision on the question of temperance 
in Belgium, Holland, Germany, Switzerland and En- means much to the countt y in ever y wa ^- A Powerful 
gland, the State of New York is planning to establish '""««"* for weal or woe is exerted by the occupant 
farm colonies in which tramps, habitual drunkards, and ° f the Whlte Hollse " What he sa >' s and does has its 
other vagrants may be instructed in agriculture, horti- beann & "P on the P eo P le at Iar ^ e " B >' the stand he Iias 
culture and the various activities of life. It is thought taken ' Mr * Taft has P laced his distinct disapproval on 
that by this plan most excellent results will be attained. the dnnk habit - and man >' wiU P rofit h y the Precedent 
The experience of Europe, in this field of reform, has - he has thus e ^abhshed. Perhaps liquor will be ban- 
been most satisfactory, and there is no reason why the Ished from man - v t ables where it w as hitherto used, 
farm colony should not be successful in this country. 
Placing a man in the healthy surroundings of the farm 
will arouse the best that is in him, and often work a 
reform where the jail and its associations would utterly 
fail. . 

At various times we have referred to the danger of 
placing books and papers of a questionable character 
before our children, while in the most plastic and im- 
pressionable period of their life. Prof. Wedekind, of 
Germany, who has made a study of the increasing 
suicide mania among the children of that country, is 
certain that it is largely, if not altogether, due to the 
sensational literature they have been reading. He 
claims that they are getting wrong and perverted views 
of life, and, acting upon the impulse of the moment, 
while surcharged with the highly imaginative scenes 
portrayed, they do not fear to lay hands upon them- 
selves. He advocates better parental training, and the 
most scrupulous rare in the selection of appropriate 
literature for the expanding mind of youth, while in 
the formative stage. 

The late "Federal Council" of the various Prot- 
estant churches, during its recent session in Philadel- 
phia, declared that " it is the duty of the church to pro- 
vide religious instruction for the children, as well as 
the duty of parents to see that such instruction is given 
in the home." This recommendation, — so frequently 
emphasized for years by our own ministers and school 
workers, — ought to be put in practice more generally. 
It is a well-known fact that, in too many places, the 
religious instruction of the children in the home is 
almost entirely neglected. The old-time family altar 
too often gives way to the intensity of twentieth cen- 
tury rush and activity, or the pursuit of pleasure and 
entertainment of various kinds. Undoubtedly we also 
need more of the right kind of teaching in our Sunday 
schools, — that which will make them what they are 
intended to be, — important auxiliaries to the church. 

The Mormons are making strong efforts to regain 
possession of the historic sites in the village of Nauvoo, 
III., where once stood their temple and other buildings. 
Ever since driven out of the thriving village in 1846, 
they have fondly cherished the hope of returning, and 
once more rebuilding, grander than before, the struc- 
tures that were destroyed during the days of perse- 
cution. Providentially, they say, the way has now been 
opened. St. Mary's Academy and Spalding Insti- 
tute, — involved in financial difficulties to the amount 
of $1,500,000 by the defalcations of P, J. Keiran, a 
Catholic banker, — are to he sold on a foreclosure, and 
the Mormons, by ample means, are preparing to pur- 
chase the property. Nauvoo, in the palmiest days of 
Mormon possession, was a flourishing town, exceeding, 
by far, the population of Chicago at that time. It is 
the plan of the Mormons to make Nauvoo the center 
of future activity in the State of Illinois. 

The young Queen of Spain, an English lady of 
refinement and culture, has an invincible repugnance 
to the Spanish national sport of bull-fighting, and is 
likely to lose her popularity in consequence. Urged 
by the King and the palace officials, she has again and 
again lent her presence to the brutal contests, but 
every such appearance has been an agonizing ordeal, 
ending in illness and depression. Upon a recent oc- 
casion, marked by uncommon ferocity, and resulting 
in pitiful carnage of men, horses and bulls, she al- 
most lost control of herself, and finally retired from 
the place. To the Spanish mind Queen Victoria's 
detestation of these scenes of carnage is an exhibition 
of timidity, marking her as one without the hardihood 
which becomes a queen, and the mother of future 
Spanish rulers. To our mind she exhibits a tender- 
ness and refinement that might well be emulated by the 
Spaniards, and gradually win them away from the 
ferocious sport, so clearly a relic of barbarism. 

A i midnight of Dec. 31, all saloons in the State of 
Alabama closed their doors. Already the liquor inter- 
est are preparing to test the constitutionality of the 
law. Unlimited amounts of money and the best legal 
talent are to take the matter to the highest courts. 
Brewers and distillers are conscious of the fact that 
they must make a vigorous fight, in order to preserve 
at least a remnant of their traffic. The people of Ala- 
bama, while fully determined that the saloon must go, 
are facing the problem of securing adequate means to 
support their schools which, hitherto, were maintained 
b\ the proceeds of saloon licenses. They will likely 
settle the question as readily as the one already dis- 
posed of when they eliminated the saloon. Mississippi 
and North Carolina, also, enter the list of prohibition 
Stales with the new year, and there is abundant rea- 
son for the friends of temperance, everywhere, "to 
thank God and take courage." 

Another country has been opened to civilization, 
$ince the old-time restrictions, concerning the admis- 
sion of foreigners into the various cities of Tibet, have 
now been entirely removed, The Chinese Government 
has deprived the Delai Lama,— who formerly ruled 
Tibet, — of all power, at one time so rigidly exercised. 
He has pledged himself to carry out whatever reforms 
may be demanded by China. Not the least surprising 
is the tolerant spirit, to he maintained towards foreign- 
ers hereafter. It will afford the opportunity, so often 
wished for by missionaries, of entering every part of 
what was once called the " Forbidden Country." The 
Delai Lama, who left his capital, Lhassa, upon the 
approach of the English army, a few years ago, and 
who has since then been living in China, at the expense 
of that country, lias been ordered to return to his cap- 
ital, to introduce at once the various reforms, such as 
banks, schools, etc., demanded by the Chinese Govern- 

Last week we could only give some of the early re- 
ports concerning the great calamity that overwhelmed 
the island of Sicily and the south part of Italy. Later 
information shows a far greater loss of life than at first 
anticipated, though, obviously, it will be impossible to 
secure accurate returns for some time. Some author- 
ities place the number of lives lost at 150,000 and per- 
haps more. In Sicily there were at least nine cities 
destroyed, of which Messina was the largest, with at 
least 50,000 killed. In Calabria (the province embrac- 
ing the southern portion of Italy) six or more towns 
were destroyed, the largest of winch, Reggio, was com- 
pletely wiped out, only a few of its 50,000 inhabitants 
escaping. Much suffering is being experienced among 
the survivors, but the entire world is coming to the 
relief of the unfortunate people. 

The Christmas message of " good will to men " was 
probably never more fully exemplified than it is just 
now, in responding so generously to the needs of the 
suffering survivors of the calamity that overwhelmed 
the Italian cities. Everywhere, in all lands, there is a 
spontaneous expression of sympathy and brotherly 
love, and, remembering that " brothers all are we," all 
minor differences are buried. Warships of the various 
nations are aiding in the work of relief, by transporting 
refugees and needed supplies. The navy department 
of the United States has already sent the supply ship 
Celtic, with a million and a half of navy rations; also 
clothing, shoes, etc. Evidently the new year is going* 
to be a year of kindness instead of a year of battles. 
Who shall say that the pitiful scenes in the ruined 
cities and towns, near the Strait of Messina, have not 
aroused a humanitarian sentiment so broad and deep 
that it marks a distinct advance in the history of the 
human race? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 


"Study to show thyself approved unto God. n workman that . ueedetli not 
lo be BshRined, rightly dividing Hw Word of Tnitli. 

EBENEZER.— Ss and 7s. 
Hitherto hath tlie Lord helped us. — 1 Sam. 7: 
Hitherto the Lord hath helped us, 

And our hearts with joy we raise, 
And to his dear name we offer, 

Adoration, love and praise, 
His great goodness makes us trust him, 

Though dark clouds our sky o'ercast, 
And when all the storms are ended, 

We will reach our home at last. 
There with -hearts of rapture thrilling, 

We will join the heavenly throng, 
And with robes, made white and spotless, 

Sing the great redemption song. 
From the heights of dazzling glory, 

We can trace our wandering way 
Through this world of sin and sorrow, 

To the realms of perfect day. 

Jesus, blessed Lord and Savior 

Give us freely of thy grace, 
When our way is dark and lonely 

May we see thy smiling face, 
Do thou still sustain and guide us, 

While upon our pilgrim way 
Help us then across the river. 

Bring us home' to perfect day. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 





The holy communion is the most simple, the most 
solemn, the most profound institution in the world. No 
wonder! It represents the death of the God-man 
for the salvation of each and all the race. 

One of the questions agitating the Brotherhood at 
present is, how best to distribute the emblems. The 
texts referred to in our caption teach that most clearly. 
If each one breaks the bread to his brother or sister, 
if each one passes the cup to his brother or sister, if 
each one takes part in giving thanks and invoking a 
blessing, there can be no question of its literal and 
complete fulfillment. In any other way there is at 
least a doubt. . 

In blessing the cup, all take the same part. Each 
and all pray, hence we can say with Paul, and the 
church in his day, " The cup of blessing which we 
bless." And so may we, so should we, in breaking 
the bread and dividing the cup. 

In all other parts of the fellowship services we all 
do as the other— -we are all one in Christ Jesus. 
We take the same part in feet-washing, we take the 
same part in the Lord's supper ; we take the same 
part in the holy salutation ; we take the same part in 
blessing the bread and in blessing the eup. Why not 
take the same part in breaking the bread and divid- 
ing the cup? Why make a distinction where God 
has not made any? The only distinction God has 
made is that the woman should be veiled, while man 
should not be. And man has no right to make any, — 


In Luke 22. : 17, 18 the Master says, " Take the cup 
and divide it among yourselves ; for I say unto you, 
I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the 
kingdom of God is come." That this is the cup of 
blessing, or the cup of the New Testament, is evident 
from the fact that the same language is used by Matt. 
26: 27-29, and Mark 14: 23-26, in describing the cup: 


of God." Either the Master had two cups for the 
same purpose, one at the supper, and one at the com- 
munion; or Luke mentions the same cup twice. If 
the Master had two cups, so should his followers. 
If he had but one, we should divide it among our- 
selves as did his apostles at the first communion. 

It is well known that Luke does not always give 
events in the order of their occurrence, but rather 
gives them in a classified order. This is such an in- 
stance. He first speaks of the cup and bread, giving 
a brief account of them, and how Jesus prepared 
them for his disciples. Then he gives an account of 
the act of imparting them to the disciples, and of the 

ceremonies attending each, saying of the bread: "This 
is my body which is given for you. This do in re- 
membrance of me." Likewise, also, at the imparting 
of the cup, saying: "This cup is the New Testa- 
ment in my blood, which is shed for you. "—Teeter's 

As testimony of Luke's disregard for the order of 
events see Luke 3: 20, 21, where he speaks of John 
the Baptist being cast into prison before the bap- 
tism of Jesus. 

The conclusion, then, that Luke mentions the same 
cup twice is simple, natural, reasonable, and scriptural. 
To claim that the Master had two cups and then not 
follow his example, is neither wise nor consistent. 
To insinuate that the cup that Luke first speaks of 
was one of the passover cups that the Jews had added 
to their feast, is saying that our Blessed Master was un- 
der the influence of a degenerate, Pharisaical, Judais- 
tic, Talmudic spirit ; and mixed some of the unhallowed 
traditions and ceremonies with his service. O shame! 
where is thy blush ! O sophistry ! where is thy victory ! 
He who said all along the way, " I came not to do mine 
own will but the will of him that sent me," certainly 
did not mix the tradition of men with his sacred ser- 
vice ! This only needs to be mentioned to be de- 
spised and condemned by every lover of the Truth. 

The commentators usually introduced on this ques- 
tion are as much confused on the passover and the 
Lord's supper as they are on this. Hence we can 
not accept their speculative theology instead of the 
Master's own declaration, when he uses the same 
words to describe the cup as given by all the synopti- 
cal Gospels. The biggest trouble any person or 
church has, to accept the plain and settled meaning 
and teaching of the Word of God is when it condemns 
their theory or practice. 

Then the idea of one breaking the Bread to all and 
dividing the cup to all, points toward papal Rome and 
corrupt ecclesiastical hierarchies, as early manifested 
in the Christian churches, and so largely copied as 
the centuries have passed. 

Few, if any, would or could follow the historians 
on this question in their irregularities, eccentricities, 
and pomposity. None can point or have pointed 
back to the command of the divine Head as they can 
and do in reference to trine immersion. 

As, in feet-washing, the Master washed his dis- 
ciples' feet, and then gave direction to wash one 
another's feet, therefore the administrator now ad- 
ministers by teaching and directing the service and 
each one takes an equal part in the service. In the 
holy communion the Master gave thanks and broke 
the bread, and gave it to them, and likewise the v cup, 
saying to them, " Divide it among yourselves." In, 
the Apostolic church, Paul writing " unto the church 
of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sancti- 
fied in Christ Jesus, called to be saints with all that in 
every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our 
Lord," says, "The bread which we break" and "the 
cup of blessing which we bless." Therefore the ad- 
ministrator should now administer by teaching and 
directing, each one taking an equal part in the service. 
We are all priests under the Christian dispensation 
(1 Peter 2: 5, 9). We are one body (1 Cor. 10: 17; 
Eph. 1 : 22, 23 ; Col. 1 : 18). We are all one in Christ 
Jesus (Gal. 3: 28). Hence the body, or church, can 
better represent the Master in the administering of 
the ordinances in the church than any one man. And 
when this is done, we can all say, " The bread which 
we break " and " The cup of blessing which we bless." 
and " divide." 

The practice of the Church of the Brethren, for the 
first fifty-four years in America, was in full accord 
with that of the Apostolic church. The faithful 
fathers, in the early days of the church in America, 
so practiced it, the Alexander Macks, senior and 
junior, Peter Becker, and Martin Urner. Conrad 
Beissel, ' the instigator of the first division in the 
church, was the first to lead away from the Apostolical 
practice. " Brumbaugh's History," chapter XIII, " Is 
it strange that these facts were not known by our 
strong men in the Nineteenth Century? Let him that 
remembers the controversy on the mode of feet-wash- 
ing, in the sixties and seventies, of this same century, 

Then, why should the administrator desire to break 
to all or pass the cup to all, when it is more than 
doubtful whether the Master did? "The disciple is 
not above his Master, nor the servant above his 
Lord." Why should one seek to be honored his 
fellows in a service in which " we are all one "? Or 
why should any one have so much labor placed up- 
on him? Or, again, why spend so much more time 
in a communion just to honor the bishop? Do you 
say, "Have several administrators"? You are com- 
ing over to the side of reason and revelation. Come all 
the way over, please, and we will all speak the same 
thing and do the same thing in our communion service. 

I conclude with the following words from our dear 
brother, C. H. Balsbaugh, to one of our sisters: " Your 
pleas are reasonable and scriptural. There is not a 
syllable in the Bible that warrants the exclusion of 
the sisters from equal rights with the brethren, in 
partaking of the emblems of the atonement. The 
sooner the church abandons her unscriptural custom, 
the more will she glorify God. To find out how much 
woman had to do with the crucifixion, we should not 
go to Calvary but to Eden. Her hands are as red 
with the blood of the cross as those who drove the 
nails or thrust the spear. Perhaps she had no part 
whatever in the literal crucifixion, but the death of 
Christ rests on a moral reason, in which we are all 
alike involved. I challenge the whole church to gain- 
say this fact. I hope the whole sisterhood in the world 
will rise' up, and claim their rights at the Lord's 
table, . and persist in their .plea until the divine 
order prevails. The present order is one of the 
gravest and most baseless inconsistencies in the 
church. The least sin demands the cross. Every 
sinner breaks Christ's body and every believer should 
break the bread that represents that body. And so 
with the cup." 

I therefore move a substitute to the answer of the 
committee. I move that the sisters break the bread 
and divide the cup as the brethren do, in the holy 
communion, in harmony with the specific instruction 
and statement of Luke 20: 17 and 1 Cor. 10: 16, in full 
accord with the general account of Matt. 26: 26, 27; 
Mark 14: 23; Luke 22: 19, 20; 1 Cor. 11: 23-25, and 
emphasized b> the great basic doctrine of equality of 
fellowship, as taught in Gal. 3: 28; Col. 3: 11. 

R. D. 4, Dayton, Ohio. 


It is said that perhaps 40,000 letters are sent by 
deluded little children to " Santa Claus," and go to 
the Dead^Letter Office in Washington, every year. 
No Christian ought ever to be found fostering such 
deception. Why not teach the children of him who 
"led captivity captive and gave gifts unto men"? 
Why not tell them of the angelic choir, and remind 
them of the annual return of the day when the singers 
of heaven came down and sang for the shepherds of 
Judea ? 

It is well enough to give appropriate gifts one to 
another, and to have suitable festivities to remind the 
children of that most glorious song that ever was 
heard upon earth. 

It may not be amiss to remind the children that the 
shepherds were awed by the angels that appeared so 
suddenly, and made them " sore afraid," but it is all 
wrong, in this connection, to terrify children with the 
lying story that every year, on the same night, an old 
man creeps down the chimney and fills their stockings 
with toys. What is the use of the lie? What is the 
sense of teaching your children such falsehoods? Whv 
endeavor to perpetuate this delusion? Parents should 
be ashamed to do so. Never deceive a child ! Never 
deceive any one! Tell your children the truth, the 
whole truth, and shame the devil! The old adver- 
sary puts you up to deceive the children, for he is the 
father of deception, — a deceiver from the beginning, 
and the father of it. 

Don't start your children, in their young and tender 
years, upon the road of believing the devil. They 
will have enough to do, in after-years, to avoid his 
subtilty and deceptions, with all the helps you can give 
them when young. Warn the children, instruct them, 
and entreat them to beware of this and other decep- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 


tions, originated hy him who lieth in wait to deceive, 
and who " goeth about as a lion, seeking whom he 
may devour." 

It is a sad thought that children are being taught 
to love, fear, look for, long for, and in a manner, 
worship a heathen myth, a mysterious nonentity! So 
faithful are they in their devotion that they write 
letters, containing their innocent little prayers to him, 
for help. It shows how earnestly their little, trusting 
hearts are in this heathen devotion. Shame on the 
parents ! 

Carthage, Mo. 



If you would know the full extent of the destruc- 
tive powers of liquor, read the history pf the past. 
Count, if you can, the slaughtered victims that found 
their last resting place in a " drunkard's grave." So 
numerous are these throughout our land and 
nation, that it is, as it were, a national potter's field 
of drunkards. Travel over our country, enter every 
home, and watch the tears of anguish and sorrow. — 
the expression of affectionate hearts, broken by the 
fierce rum curse of this so-called Christian nation! 
See them, old and young, floating, as it were, in a 
mighty river, — going down to everlasting ruin! 

This great river of intemperance is sufficient to 
drown the rising generations of strong and able-bodied 
young men. Just hearken. to the wail of widows and 
orphans, full of anguish, and terrible enough to startle 
even the myriads of hell, and cause them to cower be- 
fore the storm of anguish. Oh, why cannot all the 
so-called Christian people pray and vote that this 
curse of rum may pass away ! 

Drink destroys the best of our sons and should be 
wiped from the face of this nation. The great dis- 
tilleries of our land and nation should be turned to 
a better use. Why not turn them into manufactories 
of implements to turn the sod, and prepare it for the 
seed, which, at harvest, shall present to man the 
bounties of nature? Would not this be a happy, 
glorious epoch in our nation's history? Oh, Lord, 
hasten its consummation ! That, Christian friends, 
will be our most glorious triumph. 

Christian men and women, let us work with might 
and main to wipe, from the face; of the earth, this 
liquor curse, so that darkness shall retreat, and that 
a grand morning of moral " independence " may dawn. 
Then shall earth be like heaven, and our grand old 
United States will be a Garden of Eden. Then we 
will be able to hear great rejoicings break out, even in 
our deserts and barren lands, while the ancient fertility 
will bless the earth, as when Adam first sang his 
morning hymn in Eden. Then the sons of God will 
shout for joy, as in the morning of a young creation. 

Give us the money that has been spent by, and 
through, the liquor curse of this nation, and we 
could purchase the whole globe. We could clothe 
every man, woman and child in such attire that kings 
and queens would be proud of. We could build a 
schoolhouse upon every hillside, and in every valley 
upon the globe. We could supply every schoolhouse 
with a competent teacher. We could build an academy 
in every town and endow it. We could build a college 
in each State, and fill it with able professors. We 
could crown every hill with a church, and fill each 
pulpit with able preachers of righteousness. On each 
Sunday morning the voice of prayer and the song 
of praise should ascend, like a universal tribute of 
adoration, from earth to heaven. 

Oh that all distilleries might be closed, and the rum 
curse removed from our fair land, that King Alcohol 
would no more stalk over the earth, trampling under 
his giant foot all that is lovely in our sons and 
daughters! It is the darkest chapter of our history 
that our government upholds a curse that destroys her 
young men,— the bone and sinew of this fair land. 

Gettysburg, Pa. 



After years of careful study and observation, and 
most prayerful consideration, I now venture to express 

my views on this, the greatest and most important of 
all Sunday-school questions. I thus emphasize this 
question, because the lesson-text is the heart and soul 
of the Sunday school. As the lesson-text is, so is the 
Sunday school; hence, the better the lesson-text, the 
better the Sunday school. 

When we consider how generally the Sunday school 
work has been accepted, throughout our great Brother- 
hood, and the zeal, enthusiasm, and perseverance mani- 
fested everywhere, by all classes, from the little child 
to the most aged, in its promulgation, -we are forced 
to conclude that the Sunday-school work may possibly 
become the most powerful agency of all others, to im- 
part and inculcate, most effectively, the Divine Mind, 
as given to us in the Sacred Scriptures. Think, for a 
moment, that possibly in the Church of the Brethren, 
alone, ten thousand teachers, fifty-two times each year, 
stand before their respective classes, possibly a total of 
one hundred thousand scholars, and in a studied effort, 
do their utmost to impart the exact meaning and pur- 
pose of the lesson of the hour, and urge its accepta- 
tion ! May we not reasonably expect a wonderful 
achievement by the Sunday-school effort for the 
church ? 

But if the Sunday school shall accomplish any real, 
great, lasting good for the church, it must do so as a 
servant of the church. As such, it must be wholly 
under the supervision of the church. It should he 
directed, governed, supported, and protected by the 
church. Even the .character of the lesson-text should 
be carefully guarded, together with its exposition in 
Sunday-school literature, and by .the teachers, — just 
as necessarily so, as the preacher's texts and sermons 
should be guarded. Now, so far as I have observed, 
the management of our Sunday schools is in harmony 
with our Conference regulations, throughout the 
Brotherhood. This is encouraging, and as it should be, 
but as to the lesson-text to be used, our Conference 
has never directed,' uor even suggested any lesson-text 
system, or course. Each Sunday school is allowed full 
liberty to adopt any part, or parts, of either the Old 
Testament or the New Testament, as its lesson-text. 
Likely the only .condition that would ever induce an 
interference of the church or Conference, would be 
the discovery of a perverse, or heretical, or partial 
teaching of God's Word in the Sunday school. 

In 1S68 the Nettle Creek congregation, where I 
still live, permitted Sunday-school organization in her 
territory, and we have had Sunday schools ever since. 
Eor about thirty-nine years we have had from three 
to four separate organizations. 

The New Testament was adopted at first as our 
lesson book. We began with the second chapter of 
the Gospel of Matthew, using, for each lesson, an en- 
tire chapter, regardless of its length. Later, lengthy 
chapters were divided into several lessons. The great 
advantage of this method was, that the entire New 
Testament text could be studied and read in the classes. 

When the International Lessons were introduced 
in our schools there was, at first, much opposition to 
their use. Many still preferred the New Testament as 
the lesson book. 

As to the International Lesson System, we all shall 
admit that it is possibly as well adapted for the general 
use of the several denominations as any one system 
could be. Its Old Testament lessons can be safely ac- 
cepted by all denominations, but its New Testament 
lessons are not well adapted for the Sunday schools of 
those denominations which accept the entire New Tes- 
tament as their rule of faith and practice, because 
much of the New Testament text is omitted in its 
lesson arrangement, from year to year. 

Now, since the Church of the Brethren has always 
considered the entire New Testament as the only 
standard of her faith and practice, she will, most sure- 
ly, be greatly handicapped, if she will suffer the use of 
any lesson system, in her Sunday schools, that does 
not embrace the study of the entire New Testament 

The reader will most likely have observed that 
about one-half of the " International Series of Les- 
sons " is composed of Old Testament extracts, and 
about one-half of New Testament extracts ; and that 
the New Testament lessons are usually confined to the 
four Gospels, — rarely, to the Acts of the Apostles; 

and that much of these first five books of the New 
Testament is omitted. Besides, with comparatively 
lew exceptions, the rest of the New Testament is 
never used as lesson-text. 

Now, is it not a fact, that all those portions of the 
New Testament text, which are omitted in the Inter- 
national System, are also records of some "of those 
things which are most surely believed among us "? If 
so, are we not, as a church, helping to create a defec- 
tive faith in our children, and others, in our Sunday 
schools, if we continue their use? And are we not 
really helping to garble our own standard of faith and 
practice, if we permit their use in our Sunday schools? 
If such portions of the New Testament text are omitted 
in our Sunday-school lesM>ns, which teach and sup- 
port the peculiar ordinances and principles of seputalc- 
ness from the world, as are given to us in the New 
Testament, ami accepted by the Church of the Breth- 
ren, we may expect to reap an abundant harvest of 
indifference as to the necessity of many of those partic- 
ulars, i n the coming membership of the church. And 
the worldward tendency of some of the present mem- 
bership may be attributed to the absence of those 
subjects in the Sunday-school lessons of the past 
years, as matters of no importance. 

How rarely, if ever, have we an "International 
Lesson" treating on nonconformity to the world, in 
reference to secrecy, oathtaking, going to war, using 
the law, worldly amusements, vain dressing, wearing 
jewelry, etc. Mow rarely do we have lessons on the 
communion, the holy kiss, anointing the sick, kneel- 
ing in prayer, the prayer veil, and its design? Is 
it not true that the absence of these subjects in our 
Sunday-school lessons forms the basis of putting a 
low estimate upon thein? 

It is a fact that God has committed to the church 
his Word, as we have it in the New Testament volume. 
Is not the Church of the Brethren capable, within 
herself, to receive that commission, and execute a 
faithful dispensation of God's Word? Surely she is. 
Will she he accounted faithful to her Divine Trust, 
if she will depend on any outside helps, to the ex- 
clusion of a part of that Word, from her Sunday- 
school lessons? Surely not. The Sunday school is 
her servant, and she must provide that her Sunday 
schools teach the same Word that her ministers must 
preach, teach all of it, most thoroughly. If the 
Church of the Brethren is competent to provide for 
the preaching of the Word, is she not also able to pro- 
vide lor the leaching of the same Word in her Sun- 
day schools? if not, why not? 

Here I will mention a few more disadvantages to 
the Church of the Brethren in following the" Interna- 
tional Lessons in her Sunday sell, mis; 

1. The use of (Jld ami New Testament texts, al- 
ternately, as lessons, impresses the child that they are 
of equal importance and worth, which is not true, as 
we know. 

2. Every lesson writer who desires to be impartial 
to the New Testament teaching, and true to the 
church, is compelled to revise some of those Inter- 
national Lesson forms, in order to take out of them, 
the popular complexion which the International Com- 
mittee has put into them. Tor example: A lesson- 
text is selected that truly teaches the ordinance of 
" The Lord's Supper," — a full evening meal. Between 
tins title and the lesson-text is placed a Golden Text, 
referring to the bread and cup of the communion only. 
This, to the Sunday-school scholar, interprets the 
Lord's supper to consist of nothing more than the 
bread and cup, which is the popular notion of what 
the Lord's supper is. 

To allow a lesson so arranged, on the Lord's supper. 
to go through the Sunday schools of the Church of 
the Brethren, would be extremely hurtful, because 
it would be contradictory to our preaching and prac- 

Again; the lesson-text, teaching the institution of 
feet-washing is selected (John 13 : 1-17) . One 
time the title: "Jesus Washes His Disciples' Feet," 
is used. Another time the same lesson-text is entitled: 
"Jesus Teaches Humility." Now both these titles 
show a disposition to evade the importance of the 
ordinance. The latter, especially, caters to the popular 
idea of feet-washing. There is much more to that 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 

occasion, than simply, Jesus leashing his disciples' feet 
and Jesus teaching humility. A careful study of 
John 13: 1-17, justifies the following title: "Jesus 
Institutes the Ordinance of Feet-washing in 
His Church." 

If John 13: 1-17 is carried through our Sunday 
schools under the International titles, named above, 
it will result in compromising away the fundamental 
principles of the ordinance of feet-washing. Its real 
design will be lost sight of, and reduces the ordi- 
nances to a social performance only. 

Now I shall approach a general lesson plan, after 
stating a few premises: It is abundantly proven in 
the New Testament that it is the fulfillment of the 
Old Testament, and the Old Testament as abundantly 
allows such proof to prevail. The New Testament 
being the fulfillment of the Old, it therefore super- 
sedes the Old, and becomes our *' Perfect Law of 
Liberty." In fact, it is our only religious Manual 
that can minister the " Water of Life," the " Bread of 
Life." and the "Meat of Life," to the soul dead in 
sin. The Old Testament cannot, now, do any of these 
things. It is no more in force, therefore the New 
Testament should always be held as superior to the 
Old, in all our studies of the Holy Bible, and es- 
pecially in the Sunday school. 

Hence my plan would be, if we have lesson quarter- 
lies at all, to use only New Testament lesson-texts, 
and arrange a lesson course that would cover the en- 
tire New Testament text, including even the Book 
of Revelation, thus covering, in a series of years, 
all Gospel ordinances, principles, and church character- 
istics. This would also impress children and all with 
the fierce wrath, vengeance and terror of the Lord 
against those who disobey the Gospel. It would show 
the awfulness of falling into the hands of the living 
God, as well as impress them with the blessedness of 
heaven, and the felicity of the saints in light, that they 
might be stirred to flee the wrath to come. All this 
is too much neglected in the International Lessons. 

In the proposed lesson plan, the Gospels of Mat- 
thew, Mark, Luke and John might be considered as 
one, and arranged consecutively, in chronological 

In those lesson forms the Old Testament types, 
shadows and prophecies might be appropriately and 
plentifully assigned as Daily Readings, and copiously 
referred to in the " Explanatory Notes." ' In this way 
much of the Old Testament could be employed with 
interest and profit. The rest of the books of the New 
Testament could be arranged similarly into consecu- 
tive lessons, prefaced by an introduction, giving the 
particular conditions and circumstances under which 
each was written, the design, and how it can be help- 
ful to the church of today. 

To insure a more extensive use of the Bible, or at 
least the New Testament, in class, I would suggest 
that the lesson-text be not bodily printed in quarter- 
lies, but that only citations of the lessons assigned, be 
given, and that only such portions of the text be 
printed with the " Explanatory Notes," as may be 
necessary for convenience in study. 

Great benefit results from the constant use of the 
Bible, or New Testament, in .class. The location of 
the books of the Bible becomes familiar, and even the 
location of chapters and verses, when the same Bible 
is used, and more references will be made and scrip- 
tures read, than in the use of the quarterly, during 

In this way the entire New Testament will be im- 
partially studied and impressed upon the mind of the 
student, as of the greatest importance, both to create, 
and develop in him, saving faith. 

Hazerstown, hid. 



In Four Parts.— Part Two.— Have I Submitted? 
My last closed with the thought of submission. 
Now I want us all to review our life and spirit, and 
see if we have made a surrender of ourselves? And 
I am very sure that we have made a surrender. But 
to whom have we surrendered ? I wish we could 
all grasp Paul's meaning in 1 Cor. 2: 12, which says, 

" Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, 
but the spirit which is of God." And we all ought 
to know whether we have submitted to the spirit of 
God, or to the spirit of the world. We cannot be in 
harmony with both at the same time. Gal. 5: 17 
says, " For the flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the 
spirit against the flesh: And these are contrary the 
one to the other : so that ye cannot do the things 
that ye would." 

If we are controlled by the Holy Spirit, then we are 
dead to the world, but if we find ourselves inclined . 
to ape after the world, we may know that we are not 
directed by the Spirit of God, but that the carnal mind 
is controlling us, no matter what we profess. 1 Cor. 
2: 14 says, "But the natural man receivetb not the 
things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness 
unto him." 

Some time ago a young brother wanted me to tell 
him what I thought about young brethren wearing 
the fashionable necktie. I wish to know of him 
why he desired to wear it? 

" Well," he said, " a man does not look like he 
was dressed, unless he wears a tie." 

" Look." I said, " who is to do the looking, — the 
Lord, or man? " 

Then- he said, " How would I look, going into the 
city without a tie? " 

" Well, I still wish to know whose eyes are to do 
the looking." 

" Why, the eyes of the people," he said. 

" Then, are you wearing the necktie to the glory of 

" No," he said, " I could not claim that." 

" Very well, then, God is left out. But Paul says, 
' Do all to the glory of God.' 1 Cor. 10: 31," 

He replied, "A sister said, she despised the idea 
of uniformity." 

" Well," I said, " that seems strange to me, because 
you have been contending strongly for liberty to be 
in uniformity with the world. This, surely, is not 
taking up the cross. And Jesus says, ' If any man 
will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up 
his cross daily, and follow me.' Luke 9: 23." 

We may think this a small matter, but let us hear 
Christ a little further on this line. He says, " Who- 
soever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, 
cannot be my disciple." Luke 14: 27. While we may 
look upon these things as being too small to notice, 
yet they may be the very things upon which the 
salvation of that person hinges. If the brother does 
not want to give up his tie, and the sister still wishes 
to wear her hat, these are the idols of their, hearts, 
consequently, to give them up, would be a great cross, 
and therefore these would be the very thing, that Jesus 
requires them to give up, before they can be his dis- 
ciples. What the heart is set on determines just 
where the cross comes in. 

Let us notice Ezek. 14 : 7, 8, " For every one of 
the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojournetb 
in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and 
settetb up his idols in his heart, and putteth the 
stumblingblock of his iniquity before his face, and 
cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; 
1 the Lord will answer him by myself : And I will set 
my face against that man, and will make him a sign 
and a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst 
of my people; and ye shall know that I am the Lord." 

Perhaps the reader is ready to say that I ought to 
quote from the New Testament. All right. Rom. 
IS : 4 says, " For whatsoever things were written 
aforetime were written for our learning, that we 
through patience and comfort of the scriptures might 
have hope." And again, 1 Cor. 10: 11, 12 says, " Now 
all these things happened unto them for ensamples : 
and they are written for our admonition upon wliom 
the ends of the world are come. Wherefore let him 
that thinketh he standeth take heeel lest he fall." 

Now you can see a good reason why I call up those 
things as I do. God is so good to us, that he gives 
us the benefit of the examples of those who preceded 
us, therefore the question now, " Have I submitted to 


It seemed best, from a number of considerations, 
to change the time for holding our Special Term from 
January to December. The session is now in the past, 
and it has proven successful beyond the expectations 
of any of us. The enrollment was seventy-five. This 
includes only those- who definitely enrolled for the 
work in the regular way, and does not include quite 
a number of persons who visited the classes occasion- 
ally. In this number there were twenty-three of our 
regular students who had been here during the Fall 
Term. The remainder had come specially for this 
work, some of them not fo remain longer than a 
month; others seized the opportunity of making use 
of the short session to get them ready for the Winter 
Term, which begins Jan. 5. 

In this number there were brethren and sisters from 
the following States: Pennsylvania, West Virginia, 
Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska 
and North Dakota, and from Canada. 

The interest was fine, and, taken all in all, it has 
been much the best Special Term we have yet had at 
the school. It has been demonstrated by this ex- 
periment that to have a month's Special Term, to be- 
gin the first of December, is a great accommodation to 
our brethren who have the care of farms during the 
summer and fall. By the first of December they are, 
in most of the country, free to a greater or less ex- 
tent, and if they enter school at all, for the winter, 
they can enter just about as well at that date as later. 

The plan has induced most of our brethren who 
have come, to remain for a longer time than they 
would likely have, done otherwise ; in fact, more than 
they have been doing in the years in the past. And 
this enables us to do more normal and solid work, and 
work more nearly worth while. 

We had feared that perhaps our regular students 
would be discommoded by this arrangement, but it 
turns out that, on the whole, it is more suitable 
than any other arrangement. This gives a longer 
vacation — from Thanksgiving to the New Year — 
which is the most opportune time for various things, 
for several classes of students. In the first place, it 
has enabled a number of our more advanced students 
to go out among; the churches in the various State 
Districts, to hold Bible Institutes," music classes and 
revival meetings at the time of year when the con- 
dition's in the country . are most favorable to them. 
Bro. James M. Moore has been engaged in two re- 
vival meetings in Iowa ; Bro. Lauver has gone to 
Portland, Oregon, to conduct a District Bible and Sun- 
day School Teachers' Institute for Oregon, Washing- 
ton and Idaho, to continue for four or five weeks. 
The report comes that it has developed the greatest of 
interest and enthusiasm. Bro. B. F. Heckman con- 
ducted a revival meeting and a Bible Institute in 
Northwestern Missouri; Bro. Paul Mohler has held 
two Bible Institutes in Iowa; Bro. H. M. Harvey is 
in charge of a District Bible Institute for Middle 
Missouri; Bro. N. E. Baker has conducted a local 
Bible Institute in Southern Ohio; Brother and Sister 
Geo. F. Culler conducted several singing classes in 
churches in Michigan; Bro. Roy Dilling a similar song 
service class in Indiana, just preceding a revival meet- 
ing; Sister Hettie Stauffer was called to hold a Bible 
Institute in the Bear Creek church of Southern Ohio; 
Bro. R. H. Nicodemus conducted a series of meetings 
in Sterling, 111.; while the present writer is engaged 
to assist in the District Sunday School Teachers' In- 
stitute of Northeastern and Southern Ohio. 

A second class of students have seized the op- 
portunity of getting work in the large stores in the 
city, to help out during the Christmas rush. Wages 
are better, and opportunities far more plentiful than 
at any other season of the year. 

It is a little remarkable what a new book the Old 
Testament has become to some of our brethren who 
thought that the prophets were totally impossible for 
us to understand, and to some who have rather gotten 
the idea that the Old Testament is altogether out of 
date and of no service to the church today. When we 
remember how Jesus and the apostles continuously used 
the Old Testament, and said that it was able to make 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 


us wise unto salvation, and that it was the very word 
of God, that the Scriptures could not be broken, and 
Paul said that it was inspired of God and " profitable 
for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruc- 
tion in righteousness," and that God intended it to 
furnish the Christian worker completely unto every 
good work; and then, if we remember further, that 
it was the Old Testament only that was in existence at 
that time, and of which he therefore spoke more spe- 
cifically, — it is a little remarkable, when one considers 
all these things, that any of us should neglect the Old 
Testament as much as we do. Without it, it is simply 
impossible to understand the New Testament. The 
New Testament is simply the full ripe fruit growing 
upon the fully developed tree of the Old Testament. 
The law was our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ, 
and without this schoolmaster we shall not be able to 
learn Christ thoroughly. 

The life of Christ, studied from the standpoint of 
his character and behavior, as our example in every- 
day life, was also a revelation to many and an in- 
spiration to higher daily living. If you have never 
tried it, set out to study the life of Christ as he 
mingled in the homes of the people and at dinner 
parties; Christ as our example in conversation, etc., 

Perhaps there is no subject in which the members 
of our church, both old and young, experienced and 
inexperienced, are more easily and intensely interested 
than in a thorough-going, scientific study of what the 
Bible teaches about the unique teachings and prac- 
tices of the Church of the Brethren, which differen- 
tiates us from other churches. There is such a great 
demand for new light and thoroughly scriptural de- 
fense and exposition of these subjects, that it is 
practically impossible to omit them from the program 
of any of our Special Terms, whether here or in Bible 
Institutes among the churches. 

The most distinctive special feature of this term 
might probably be said to have been the conferences 
with brethren on special subjects. There was, for 
instance, a conference on the Sunday school, on how 
to study the Bible, with ministers on their work, con- 
ferences about prayer, about the prayer meetings, 
Christian Workers' meetings. 

The conferences with the ministers about their work, 
and for the purpose of stimulating a deeper consecra- 
tion in the ministry, proved phenomenally helpful. 
One evening, when we met at 7: 30, the majority of 
those present were not willing to leave until a quarter 
to eleven. The meeting was dismissed two or three 
times, but they felt disinclined to go, and we all felt it 
was a time of decision in the lives of many. There 
are few subjects which so deeply stir the heart as 
does the consideration of such a consecration of our- 
selves to God in the name of Jesus, that the Holy 
Spirit shall* have freedom to work in us mightily ac- 
cording to his infinite power and holiness — working in 
us to will and to do the good pleasure of God. 

The Winter Term begins the first Tuesday of the 
new year. It now seems as if nearly all of the eighty- 
six regular students for the Fall Term would be 
present then, besides a large proportion who were 
here for the Special Term, with the addition of a 
few others yet to come. The present prospects in- 
dicate, therefore, that we shall have considerable more 
than a hundred, and so our resources and accommoda- 
tions will be taxed to the utmost. Just how to take 
care of them is our most perplexing problem, for the 
only building we have is a two-story basement frame 
dwelling house about 20 by 40 feet, and this we must 
. use for dining-room, offices, class rooms and library. 
It will be manifestly impossible for us to get along 
with this only, during the Winter Term ; so we shall 
probably be compelled to heat up the church for chapel 
exercises and some of our classes. This will involve 
a rather wasteful expense of fuel, and so forth, hut 
it is inevitable under present conditions. 

We are growing exceedingly eager that we might 
be able to build upon our new^acqutred location, 
As the days and weeks go by, we feel more and more 
grateful that the Lord led us out and enabled us to 
secure that most desirable property. We have not 
yet, — nor have any of our friends, whom we have 
taken, out to see the place, — been able to think of a 

more ideal location for our work anywhere to be had 
in the city, and without exception, so far as I know, 
those who have looked into conditions think that we 
have been exceptionally favored in securing so per- 
fect a location for the work of the Lord, entrusted 
to our care. 

The cost of that property is all covered by money al- 
ready collected and subscribed by our generous-hearted 
brethren, and we have a nucleus, though rather small 
towards the building. If we had $11,000, we could 
put up a building 34 by 40, three stories and a base- 
ment high, which would be barely sufficient to ac- 
commodate our work next year for dining-room, office, 
class rooms and chapel facilities, with capacity to 
room perhaps a dozen to fifteen students. This plan 
would compel us to have most of our students room 
out through the neighborhood, wherever they could 
find lodging. If we had $15,000. we could build a 
building 40 by 60. It would take $25,000 or $30,000 
to build at all adequate for present necessities in every 
direction. • 

Whether or not the spiritual side of our work shall 
continue to be hampered and limited for lack of 
material equipment will depend upon how fully our 
brethren and sisters, who have in their possession, and 
under their control, the Lord's silver and gold, will 
rise to do their duty. 'That the Lord may lay this re- 
sponsibility upon their hearts very heavily is our 
constant prayer. So far as we are concerned, we have 
been all along, so far as we are able to sec it. en- 
deavoring faithfully to do our duty to the utmost 
limits of our powers, sometimes almost to the break- 
ing point. 
• iS8 Hastings St., Chicago, III. 

From Ahwa, India, 

When wc decide going to Ahwa, in the Dang Forest, 
it means no little preparation. This because of the dis- 
tance from the railway. Sixty miles inland, with Indian 
transportation, is considered a long and tiresome drive. 

Nov. 6 Miss Dr. Roberts and myself left Bulsar for 
this long journey. Brethren Pittenger and Emmert had 
so kindly arranged for wagons and carriages that wc 
found less difficulty in making the trip than some do 
and we were also enabled to make it in less time than 
is usually required. 

Neither of us had ever been to Ahwa. Naturally the 
road was entirely new to us and our courage was great- 
er, not knowing what was before us. On the evening 
of Nov. 6 we reached the town of Bansda, where lives 
the man who is king of the Bansda State. 

He was not strict in carrying out the orders of higher 
officers in regard to our lodging place. On this account we 
fared not extra well. Bansda has no charms for us and 
we now say there is a better way to go than via Bansda. 

Bro. Pittenger had sent one of the Christian men, 
namely, Heresing, to pilot us from Bansda. Next morn- 
ing we were up early and away, just at daybreak. With 
fresh teams we made real good time except for the fact 
that our pity went out for the poor, lean, weak oxen. 
The king had given us a very poor team. In his pos- 
session he has the very best teams provided liim for such 
purposes, but not being on friendly terms with Chris- 
tians, no matter who they are, or how good they may be, 
he would give us his worst instead of best. To treat us 
fairly would be too much like helping Christianity. 

With hills and stones, stony hills and hilly stones, the 
distance of ten miles was quite sufficient to tire these 
weak oxen, even to the " sitting down " point. Oxen 
sit down in this country,— so the vernacular would have 
it, — and wc occasionally make the literal translation. 

The hills continued. One descent we made, the wheel 
track was full of stones and the road exceedingly sid- 
ling. Here our water vessel became punctured, leaving 
out half the water. A paper cork was used to cover the 
hole but soon a similar leak occurred, this time break- 
ing the vessel in two parts, and our drinking water was 

At 11 o'clock we reached the village Waghai, and glad, 
indeed, were wc to see two teams of fine oxen brought 
and hitched to our two carts. At once we decided to go 
on and lose no time. Our lunch was eaten while on the 
rough road. 

The forests in this section are most beautiful. The 
largest and most protected forests in India arc those 
of the Dang State. Narrow roads, with the pretty bam- 
boo arching them, arc most pleasing to the eye, as well 
as affording splendid sh?de to these who are traveling 
through the heat and dust. 

Not a few streams must be crossed, and with no 
bridges w-e were sometimes in deep waters. One time 
we failed to Eft the lunch basket, which resulted in our 
bread getting wet. It was set in the sun awhile, to dry. 

When Pimpri, our last stop, was reached, we were 
met by a boy and team of oxen from Ahwa, but having 

two carts, a tired pair had to go on, much to the dis- 
gust of the owner. 

Thirteen more miles were yet before us, and at 3:30 
P. M. Heresing said, "Wc must stay at Pimpri for the 
night, because I know damage will come if we don't. 
Tigers are very dangerous indeed, and darkness will 
come long before wc get there." With a fearful pilot, 
and only one brave ox-driver, we had no little effort to 
win the day. Finally, however, they all consented, and 
oft" wc were for the rest of the journey. The disgusted 
ox walla dared not go slow, for the other team trotted 
and, l< :st he be left, he too. must come along very rap- 

He sat with his shoulders drawn in, as if he feared any 
moment a tiger would devour him bodily. Up hill, down 
hill, we went, and not a great deal of fun cither, he must 
have thought. Altogether we needed something to spur 
us on. Thanks to Bro. Pittenger who was so thought- 
ful as to meet us on horses! I am sure we were never 
before mure glad to sec and meet people as those who 
came then, a few miles out from Ahwa, The darkness 
did not seem half so great. The drivers braced up and 
took new courage. F,vcn the bullocks seemed to act 
differently. The last hill was reached and climbed, bring- 
ing us to Ahwa, where we met the dear ones. 

Had wc remained at Pimpri over night, they would have 
been greatly disappointed. Wc praised the Lord for a 
safe arrival, and sat down to cat our supper. 

This is, indeed, a land for wild animals, Brother and 
Sister Pittenger have brave hearts and are doing a good 
work in the Dang State. It is gratifying to know that 
they have so endeared themselves to Mr. Hodgson, the 
Forest Officer, who is a splendid Christian man. Not 
often are government officials such wise men as he. 
Everything that was lost to the cause before, has been 
gained by Brother ami Sister Pittenger, in winning a 
good man's heart. And this have they done in their true 
and linn friend, Mr, Hodgson. 

Seventeen hundred feet above sea level gives one a 
splendid opportunity to take a view of their surround- 
ings. As far as the vision will carry, one sees nothing 
but hills on every side. Ahwa is indeed as a city on a 

Since here, a tiger has taken from the compound a calf. 
Bro. John took his gun and we followed the tiger's 
track. Not far from here wc found part of the calf's 
body, and farther on the remainder was nicely tucked 
away between large stones. He had his fill and left this 
part for a future feast. But ere he Could get it, a Bhil 
Found it and so one calf made a feast for a tiger and a 
Bhil family. 

The people who live in these hill districts arc simple 
and ignorant, but they have souls to save, and Brother 
and Sister Pittenger are working toward this as much 
as they can, each day. 

Nov. 11 a little girl came to make her home with 
Brother and Sister Pittenger. Since her arrival she has 
demanded the attention of her parents day and night. 
At present she is doing nicely and the greatest desire 
her parents have is, that she may grow to be a useful 
woman, in helping to win souls to Jesus. May their every 
hope be fulfilled! 

Some villages about Ahwa are quite large, and in two 
of these workers arc located, to work and live among 
the people anil show them the way to the kingdom. 
When once a foothold is gained, the people of the Dang 
State will be brought to the Lord soon. May the day 
speedily come, is our prayer! Sadie J. Miller. 


The District Bible School of Oregon, Washington and 
Idaho, held in the Portland church, Oregon, closed Dec. 
23. Bro. C. M. Lauver, of the Bethany Bible School, of 
Chicago, was with us about three and one-half weeks, 
during which time about two hundred hours of most 
excellent instruction was given by Bro. Lauver from 
the Bonk of Matthew and the Book of Acts; also the 
book of James. Special attention was given to the study 
of the Holy Spirit, the art of soul-winning, and the 
teaching of the parables. Doctrinal subjects, covering 
the ordinances, were given to the class in a most thor- 
ough manner, with many strong illustrations. Special 
lessons were also given to Sunday-school workers and 
all church officials. 

There were about forty in regular attendance. Eleven 
ministers attended regularly, while four others attended 
part of the time only. During the last part of the Bible 
term, one hour each evening was used by Bro. D. M. 
Click, of Tekoa, Wash., in presenting his views of a tour 
around the world. One hour was spent at the close 
of the Bible School Institute, in short speeches by those 
in attendance, expressing their appreciation of the help 
given our district by the Bethany Bible School in the 
person of Bro. Lauver. Praise was given to our Heavenly 
Father for all the blessings received, with a fervent 
prayer to God, richly to bless the Bethany Bible School, 
and all the instructors in the Word of Life. Earnest 
entreaties were made for a Bible Institute next winter, 
the Lord willing. Thus closed the first District Bible 
Institute, ever held in the Northwest. Geo.C. Carl, 

U25 Albina Avenue, Dec. 28. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 



The Lord says: "In praying, use not vain repeti- 
tions as tlie heathen do, for they think that they shall 
be heard for their much speaking." 

Well, that is easy, isn't it? Anybody ought to know 
better than to repeat a prayer over and over and over 
again, as fast as he can say it, and as long as his 
strength lasts. Anybody ought to see that it is just 
physical exercise, after it has ceased to be the thought- 
ful expression of the soul's desire. That is the heathen 

But, say ! how about our own prayers ? How many 
prayers do we have that we can rattle off without 
thinking about them ? Don't we have a lot of beautiful 
phrases, just ready to slip off the end of our tongues, 
whenever we press the button? There is the Lord's 
Prayer, too. A man can soon learn that so well that 
it will just about say itself. After a little practice, he 
can say it very quickly indeed, and be thinking all the 
time about what he is going to do after he is done 
praying. I know that I can. Isn't it fine fo be so 

Yes, but— is that prayer? Will God give us what 
we want when we ask for it so thoughtlessly? If he 
will, how easy it is ! And how much easier we could 
make it ! If just saying the prayers will do the work- 
while we think of something else, why not have a 
phonograph to say them ? Then we could go about our 
work, instead of stopping for prayers. That would be 
especially convenient at meal time. 

Now. have I overdrawn it? Honestly and candidly. 
how many times have you caught yourself thinking 
about something else while your lips were saying your 
prayers ? "Lord, teach us to pray." 

Chicago, 111. 



Know that lehovah hath set apart for himself him 
that is godly; lehovah will hear when I call unto him. 
— Psa. 4: 3. 

The enemies of David have been harassing him on 
even- hand. They have sought vainly to turn his glory 
into dishonor. He has entreated them to cease follow- 
ing after vanity and falsehood, but it seems all his en- 
treaties are in vain. As a last resort he reminds them 
that the godly man is God's property, — is God's man. 
God takes possession of the righteous man for him- 

If God is for us, who can be against us? That is 
where the Christian abides, — " under the shadow of 
the Almighty." As long as the Christian does his 
Master's will, he need not worry about proper protec- 
tion. When the evil one knocks for entrance, or when 
he tries to gain entrance by storm, still the Christian 
is God's property. " Who can lay anything to the 
charge of God's elect?" If God spared not his only 
Son to deliver us, will he let us perish? God is will- 
ing to work mightily for us if we are only willing to 
place ourselves in such a position that he can do it. 
Shall tribulation, or anguish, or persecution, or famine, 
or nakedness, or peril, or sword, separate us from the 
love of Christ? God forbid that we should ever leave 
his protecting care ! 

One of the great joys of the Christian today is that 
he is God's, and that Jehovah will hear when he calls. 
May we never forget that we are God's property, 
not only for protection, but also for his use, — his 

Bethany Bible School, Chicago, III. 



After viewing the remains of our brother, Levi 
Trostle, who, on the Sunday before, attended all of the 
regular church services, I have been thinking about a 
little talk I had with him, just after the morning ser- 
mon, on the day referred to. A brother had talked 
strongly against the evils of drinking, telling how some 
of its results have impressed him. 

Bro. Trostle commented on the good sermon, but 
said, that, since there are so many working at that evil, 
we, who profess to be a plain, simple people, should 
preach and work more against pride and fashion than 
we do. He said, " If we take pride, in all of its forms, 
with tight lacing, etc., the misery and untimely deaths 
will be found to be as great as those caused by drink." 

Isn't it true? Who will rise up in his stead to cry 
against these evils that are sapping the life of the 
church? Can we afford to let this good, earnest sol- 
dier of the cross drop out with such a message, and no 
one to take it up and stand for the simple truths as he 
taught and lived them out? 
FraukHn Grove, III. 


Referring to item on page 822, second column, 
Gospel Messenger of 1908, the following scriptures 
may be studied withprofit, viz.. Judges 7, in connection 
with 1 Chron. 21 : 1 and 2 Sam. 24: 1, together with 
their contexts, from which may be deduced the fact that 
the judgment of the people is not always in harmony 
with the design of God. 

Again, referring to 1 Sam. 8: 19 and 15: 21, with 
their contexts, it is plain that the rulers are not always 
safe in yielding to the opinion of the populace, and 
that they should carefully study the question in hand 
and also the temper of the voting power, before sub- 
mitting matter for discussion. Haste in these matters 
has often produced a great waste of time, and even 
loss of love. 

We should not be too ready to criticise officials, who 
often give themselves to meditation whole nights, with 
tears pleading for the welfare and union of the church, 
and above all for wisdom. 1 Kings 3 : 9-14. 

Penn Run, Pa. 


The easiest thing in the world to be, is to be wrong. 
But sometimes this " easy " proposition gathers such 
real difficulties about it, that to be in error becomes 
very perplexing, I mean, the case is so clear that you 
just can hardly be wrong, and be right at all. When 
such is the case, some are so persistent that they will 
try to overcome the difficulties with extra effort. 

It is simply astounding that men will work them- 
selves out of breath and brains to be wrong, when they 
could be right without " sweating." 

A cultured lady (a single immersionist) was trying 
to convince a Covina high school boy that the com- 
mission taught single immersion. He very patiently 
listened to her long, tenuous argument, a string of 
" dogmatic theology," until she had finished. Then 
he calmly replied: "So you believe that the Father, 
plus the Son, plus the Holy Ghost, equals the Father, 
do you? You couldn't hammer that into me." 

Covina, Cal. 


The devil never stays away from church on account 
of bad weather, but some people do. The devil may 
not, perhaps, be as anxious for a trip through water as 
good Christians are, but he goes, nevertheless. Some- 
times evil spirits make a request that does not fully 
suit them. Those evil spirits that asked Jesus to enter 
a herd of swine for their home, found more water than 
they had bargained for. We are told that the swine 
were choked. Christians reach heaven by a water 
route. Jesus says : " When the unclean spirit goes out 
of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, 
and findeth none." A great many so-called Chris- 
tians are looking for dry places also, — but what shall 
it profit? 

Goshen, Ind. 


Does Matthew 10: 19 justify a preacher in expect- 
ing the Holy Ghost to fill his mouth on Sunday morn- 
ing, when he himself has made no effort to prepare a 

sermon ? Does this language really have any refer- 
ence to the ordinary preaching of the Gospel? Christ 
does not say, "When ye get up to preach;" but. Ik 
says, "When they deliver you up;" meaning that 
when the apostles were brought before governors and 
kings for his sake, and put on trial for their lives, they 
should take no thought for their defense, but trust God 
for it. Istlns the same as preaching the Gospel under 
normal conditions? When a preacher in the pulpit 
quotes these words to justify himself for neglect of 
study, is he not making a misapplication of the lan- 
guage ? 

University of Virginia. 


For Sunday Evening, January 17, 1909. 


Acts 2: 38-41. 

Song. — " Hear the Royal Proclamation." 

1. Was Preceded by 

1. Prayer. 1: 12-14. 

2. Union among themselves. 2: 1. 

3. An extraordinary outpouring. 2: 2, 3. 

II. The Battle Cry, — "Jesus of Nazareth." 

1. " Ye have slain him." V. 23. 

2. "God has raised him," 

3. "We all are witnesses." V. 32. 

III. Results: 

1. Stung with remorse and alarm. V. 37. 

2. They cry for way of escape. V. 37. 

IV. The Way Pointed Out. 

1. " Repent." V. 38; Mark 1: 15; Acts 3: 19. 

2. "Be baptized." V. 38; 9: 1, 18; 16: 33. 

3. To be saved from past sins. V. 38; Mark 16: 16; 
Titus 3: 5. 

4. Receive the Spirit whose manifestations you have 

Song. — " Pass Me Not, O Gentle Savior." 
Note.— 1. Three thousand are taken for Christ. V. 41. 

2. "Fellowship" V. 42. They were like a loving fam- 
ily. No one can well be as good a Christian alone 
as he can in familiar intercourse with other Chris- 
tians. "One is a sound, several is an anthem." 

3. No one can grow in grace without praying in secret; 
but there are helps and blessings that come from 
united prayer (V. 42), which the other cannot give. 
When several pieces of wood are on the fire, each 
one burns brighter on account of the others. 


For Week Beginning January 17, 1909. 

Luke 5: 1-10. 

1. The Master's Command. — Verse 4. When Christ 
takes possession he also empowers. Fret not about your 
own weakness, but "launch out into the deep" of Divine 
strength. Don't despair over your own un worthiness, 
but launch out into the deep of God's infinite love. Eph. 
3: 18, 19. 

2. The Humbling Confession. — "Toiled all night and 
taken nothing." Are you ashamed to confess your fail- 
ure in the past? Has your best effort been fruitless? 
Like Simon, confess it to Jesus. He has sympathy for 
your weakness and insufficiency. 1 Peter 5: 7. 

3. The Faith-Inspired Resolve — " At thy word." Verse 
5. The way to victory is the pathway of faith. Simon's 
noble faith said, " Nevertheless." This was not a point 
to be "reasoned," but simply to be believed. Christian 
toiler, let not the past hinder the present, but, like Simon, 
make a fresh start on the authority of Jesus. Philpp. 
4: 13. 

4. A Wonderful Result. — "They enclosed a great mul- 
titude." They were more successful " out of season " 
than before "in season." Old "habits" and "forms" 
must yield, before the power of Christ can be manifest- 
ed. Follow Christ and he wilt more than satisfy the 
dearest longing of your soul. 1 Tim. 6: 11, 12. 

5. Brotherly Helpfulness. — " Beckoned unto their part- 
ners and they came and filled both ships." Cooperation 
brought splendid results, and much is lost today be- 
cause it is so largely lacking in Christian work. What 
hinders? Pride and selfishness. Philpp. 2: 4. 

6. Peter's Confession. — " I am a sinful man." Realizing 
Christ's goodness and greatness, he feels his own in- 
sufficiency. Do we? Philpp. 1: 20, 21. 

7. A Complete Surrender. — " They forsook all and fol- 
lowed him." Earthly possessions were lost sight of in 
the one great and important work before them. Are 
we as wise? Why not follow Jesus fully? Philpp. 3:7,8. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 



Rest is not quitting 

The busy career. 
Rest is the fitting 

Of self to its sphere. 

'Tis loving and serving 
The highest and best; 

"Tis onwards unswerving 
That is true rest. 

—J. S. Dwight. 


On one of the busiest streets, in the business section 
of the city of Chicago there is a modest-looking brown 
building, bearing the sign, " Noonday Rest." It is a 
restaurant, managed by some of the wealthy benevolent 
ladies of the city, for the benefit of the working people. 
They occupy the whole building and in the center, on 
the second floor, located so that it is almost sound 
proof, is a room called the " Rest Room." Here, after 
their meal is over, the tired peo- 
ple may go and rest awhile. Ly- 
ing back in one of its easy-chairs, 
with closed eyes, in the very 
abandonment of rest, it is hard 
to realize that the noise, and con- 
fusion, and strife of city life is 
just without. Tired, discour- 
aged-looking people disappear 
within this room, to reappear 
after awhile, looking refreshed 
and strengthened, ready again to 
do battle with the outside life. 

As we noticed the effect of 
this rest upon the faces that 
came forth, we found ourselves 
comparing it to that greater ef- 
fect that is produced upon the 
one who has been in the secret 
place of prayer, — the " rest 
room " where we can retire and 
shut out the heat and confusion 
and turmoil of daily life, and in 
the heart's simplest language talk 
face to "face with God. He who 
would grow in the spiritual life 
and keep calm and courageous 
amidst the heat and burden of 
the noon-day, must have this se- 
cret chamber. 

No doubt there are precious 
moments of prayer where there 
■is no secret chamber, with closed 
door and absolute silence. In 
the very busiest of a busy time, 
beneath the weight of engrossing 

care, or amidst the multitude, we can send upward 
glances and petitions, and receive the comfort of an 
immediate answer that will calm and strengthen us. 

But the fullest joy and the greatest strength are 
found in the quiet " rest room," where we can be 
face to face with the Master, and where the Father 
waits to comfort us with his wonderful pitying love. 

Into this holy presence distracting thoughts and 
cares must not intrude. When you enter it, lock the 
door, even if you are alone and free from the chance 
of interruption. That locked door does much toward 
barring out these distractions. 

We need not tell him all our cares. He knows them 
all, and sometimes we are so tired that work will not 
come. We need only lay the burden down at his 
fe-et, as a weary child comes to its mother and rests 
upon her breast, and he will do the rest. 

One is surprised at the power, the peace and the 
strength that come into one's life a-fter these prayer- 
rests. The effect shines from our eyes, sounds in our 
voice, governs our actions, makes us strong, and will- 
ing to take up again the burdens that, a little while 
ago, seemed unbearable. 

Covington, Ohio. 


A certain Christian woman, whose whole life was 
consecrated to the Lord's service, was once told that 
she was " not needed " in a certain place, and was 
urged to stay away. Being almost crushed by the 
cruel words, she became a recluse, wearily dragging 
herself to her daily tasks, feeling that she might as 
well die, and be out of people's way, now that she was 
" no longer needed." 

People, at one time, rejected Christ when he was 
upon the earth. Although he " went about doing 
good," some prayed him to " depart out of their 
coasts." The evil spirits never had any use for him, 
but always preferred that he should stay away, and 
leave them, alone. We are told that when he comes 
again, some will cry for the mountains and hills to 
hide them from his presence. Even so nozv there are lonely and hard one, upon a barren, rocky point. Ma 

some lonely, isolated spot,— some barren, rocky prom- 
ontory, upon some dangerous reef, to be a signal to 
the ships at sea. Such a lonesome spot! The light 
streams out, — away out, and ships glide safely into 
harbor. No one thinks about the lonely keeper of that 
lighthouse. No one comes to say, "Thank you," or 
" We love and appreciate you." No; they arc stran- 
gers, and the lighthouse keeper toils on alone. Unap- 
preciated? Yes, perhaps. 

But what would become of those many mariners, 
sailing near the destructive rocks, if it were not for 
the living soul within the lighthouse? "Ye are the 
light of the world." Never mind those hypocritical 
pirates who would rather your light were put out. 
Never become discouraged and think you are of no 
use in this world because some smooth-tongued liar 
has dared to say so; or because your position is a 

some who " love darkness rather than light, their deeds 
being evil." Such will try to destroy the good influ- 
ence of the Lord's followers, claiming that they " are 
not needed," and will drive them out of their society, 

■ •♦ MHMMMHM M MM «t MMM + M « t M t-f ♦♦» M ♦ M M M ♦♦ M M ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦+♦++++ « ' 

The Church, Sunday and Religion 



1. A place to go on Sundays? 

2. A place to hear the latest theories of 
theology? . 

3. A place to take your Sunday morning 

4. A place to get the current news of 
the neighborhood? 

5. A place to find a hired hand? 

6. A place to hear good music? 

7. A place where you inflict upon others 
your hobbies? 

Or is it the place where you meet your 


which to wear 
which to sec 


your new 
how your 

1. A day 


2. A day on 
neighbors dress? 

3. A day to go visiting? 

4. A day to enjoy in the park? 

5. A tlay for reading the Sunday paper 
or the latest novel? 

6. A day to, show your neighbors how 
good a cook you are aad how fine a table 
you set? 

Or is it the holy day when you worship 
your God? 


1. A thing of custom handed down from your fathers? 

2. A cloak to cover up your sins? " 

3. The balm that quiets your conscience? 

4. The medium through which you enter the society 
of the better classes? 

5. A thing to wear on Sunday and put off the next 

6. The mechanical performance of certain set forms 
of worship? 

Or is it that exercise of faith and works which satis- 
fies the utmost longings of your soul? 

417 Portsmouth Building, Kansas City, Kans, 

♦ MHM »** MMMHM » MMM * MM » ++*+ >"H"M-+-»+++ 

if possible. But the Lord says through his brave and 
faithful apostle Paul, " The eye cannot say to the hand, 
I have no need of thee, nor the head to the feet, I 
have no need of you." 

God's children are all members of one body, and 
every member needs every other member of that same 
body. So, if any one dares say to a member of Christ's 
body. " We don't need you," it is evident that that 
person speaks falsely (and all liars have their place 
in the second death), or that he is not a member of 
the Lord's body, whether his name be on a church 
roll or not. If not a member of the Lord's body, he 
is a member of Satan's host, for which there is no 
place in the Father's home, where the many mansions 

" Ye are the light of the world." It may be that 
we are not all called to be the dazzling lights of some 
organization. The Lord never said we should shine 
in any society, or be the lights of his people. He 
is the light of his church, but to his faithful followers 
he said, " Ye are the light of the world." How much 
larger our field, than if it were confined to some select 

The lighthouse upon the seacoast is usually placed in 

be you are not needed in the gay and happy circle who 
constitute the little society of your nearest town. 

There is many a poor, stumbling soul, out in the 
dark world, who needs the light of your consistent, 
faithful life of Christian service. 
The lighthouse keeper never 
knows how many precious souls 
are kept from perishing, and arc 
guided into the haven, safely, be- 
cause he or she faithfully climbed 
the winding stairs and kept the 
lights burning. So, the faithful 
Christian, living almost alone, 
and apparently without human 
love or sympathy, never will 
know, in this world, how many 
precious souls have been kept 
from falling upon the rocks of 
temptation, or guided safely into 
the harbor of eternal life, by the 
clear light that has been kept 
shining from day to day in all 
kinds of weather, and during the 
darkest of storms that ever beat 
upon ;i human soul. 

That light, which is Christ 
shining in us, is indispensable. 
(mil's children need you, dear, 
discouraged soul, and he needs 
you just where you are. The 
zvorld needs you, although it 
does not say so. " Ye arc the 
light of the world." So let your 
lighl shine brightly every day, 
every hour. The stairs of faith 
may seem hard to climb, some- 
limes, when no one seems to 
think you are of any use, but the 
dear Lord knows your service is 
of inestimable value. He needs 
every one of his lighthouse keepers, and you and I 
arc the keepers of the lighthouse in which his Holy 
Spirit dwells, 
Collbran, Colo. 

un i hn i 

She showered him with kisses and tears. She told 
the people how good and kind he was. I thought if 
she had only given him two of those kisses per quarter 
for the last ten years, how the tender-hearted old gen- 
tleman would have smiled through his tears. But now 
he took it all very coolly. He was dead. Old and 
poor, she young and rich. She had ten rooms, but no 
room for him to die in. He made room for her when 
he had only two, and welcomed her with kisses at life's 
beginning. He had fed and clothed her for twenty 
years at home and at college, until she had risen into 
more " refined and cultured society." The " old people 
were good, but their dress and dialect were too coarse." 
The last kiss was with a flood of- ten years of tender- 
ness. He was buried in a beautiful coffin, and is to 
have a monument of cold, white marble. " Dear Fa- 
ther." — Wisconsin Postal. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission board 

16 m -21 South State Street, Elgin, Illinois 


Editor. D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Va. 

Grant Mahan Omaja. Cuba. 

Business Manager. R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee. 

Chas. M. Yearout, Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

Elf-All lmslnes" utirl c nniiiiiiiileot-iflns liitt-mlrrl for tile pn,.cr should ho udiiresW 
to the BRETHRKN I'l'I'.L] slilMJ HOUSE, F.UJiX, ILL., and not to ftny Indi- 
vid nal connected with It. 

Entered at tho Post-office at Elgin , 111. . as Second-class Matter. 

Our correspondent at Midway, Pa., reports ten ap- 
plicants for membership. 

Bro. Geo. Eller, of Kansas, changes his address 
from Moline to Grenola, R. D. 1. 

Bro. U. C. Stutsman closed a scries of meetings 
at New Carlisle, Ohio, with ten accessions by bap- 

We are publishing- a good program for the Bible 
Institute at P.ridgewater, Va., beginning Jan. 11 and 
closing eleven days later. 

Bro. D. F. Sink, of Iowa, is engaged in a revival 
meeting in St. Joseph, Mo., and when last heard from 
there were fourteen conversions and four restored to 

Bro. B. F. Petry did some effectual revival work 
in the Salem church, Ohio. There were eleven ac- 
cessions by confession and baptism, and one restored 
to membership. '_ 

Bro. Isaac Frantz, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, held a 
number of meetings in the Clover Creek congrega- 
tion. Pa., and twenty-three were added to the church by 
conversion and baptism and one returned to the fold. 

Bro. B. F. Heckman closed his work at Skidmore, 
Mo., on Christmas evening, with five accessions, four 
by baptism and one restored to fellowship. The meet- 
ing is said to have been very helpful to the church at 

Bro. J. C. Beaiim, of Grantsville, Md., writes us 
that he is planning to spend a few months among the 
churches teaching vocal music. With him the spirit 
of song and hymn interpretation will be made a special- 
ty. Those interested in his work can address him as 

Last Sunday "evening we held in the Elgin church 
what might be considered the Teacher-training Com- 
mencement Exercises. A number had finished the 
teacher-training course, passed the examination and 
received their diplomas. Bro. A. C. Wiearid delivered 
an excellent Bible address for the occasion, and was 
listened to with marked attention, 

Bro. Otho Winger, of North Manchester, Ind., 
spent a few days in the House last week, looking over 
old volumes of our publications, with a view of collect- 
ing data for a biography of Bro. R. H. Miller, which 
he has in contemplation. He has been at work on the 
book for some time, and is making careful search for 
additional information. 

We have quite a time getting some of our corre- 
spondents to give the address of all newly-elected min- 
isters. In their reports for publication they say that 
Bro. So-and-so has been elected to the ministry and 
was duly installed, but fail to give his address. In the 
absence of their addresses, the names of newly-elected 
ministers cannot be entered on the ministerial list, kept 
here in the House, "and published in the Brethren Al- 
manac from year to year, nor can these ministers pro- 
cure the Gish books when their names and addresses 
are not on file. 

After spending a few months in the mission fields 
of Southeastern Missouri, Bro. Ira P. Eby has re- 
turned to his home at Omaja, Cuba, being accompanied 
by eleven others. He thinks the climate here is too 
cold for him; then he knows that there is plenty of 
work for him and a hundred others in Cuba. 

Sister Tabitha Cruea, of Slater, Mo., writes us 
that during 1908 1,312 death notices appeared in the 
Messenger. This, of course, does not include all the 
members who died, for many passed away of whom no 
mention has been made. Also a number of those 
whose obituaries we published were not members. 
Some were infants. But 1,312 notices show that death 
is abroad in the land, and that a large concourse of 
loved ones has passed over the river into the eternal 
w orld . 

There was one feature about the laie Bible Institute 
at McPherson, Kans., worthy of special mention. Of 
the twenty-one congregations composing the home dis- 
trict it is said that twelve were represented in the in- 
stitute. This speaks well for the district as a whole. 
But how is it in other districts? We hear of some 
where not one-fourth of the congregations are rep- 
resented in their special Bible terms, and some con- 
gregations are never represented. There ought to be 
some way of inducing all of the active ministers to 
devote a few weeks each year to careful study in 
some Bible institute, conducted by our people. 

These days our patrons are saying some good things 
about the Messenger, and we certainly appreciate 
words of encouragement and good cheer. One corre- 
spondent says, " May the Messenger live till Jesus 
comes." Well, why not the Messenger live till Jesus 
comes to reign over the nations of earth? What would 
be in the way of the Messenger being continued dur- 
ing the Millennium? During that period the people, 
then living, will enjoy good reading; they will want 
the news, and the Messenger is prepared to furnish 
tlie best news to be secured. May we not say that 
during the reign of Jesus on the earth, there will be 
more good news to publish than was ever before 
heard of? — 

A widely known evangelist, of the popular bort, 
recently beld a large revival meeting in a Western 
city, and there were hundreds of converts. He re- 
quired all the ladies to leave their big hats at home 
and come to his meetings, wearing a heavy veil or a 
fascinator. During the services he had them to re- 
move whatever they had on their heads and worship 
with their heads uncovered. While he pretended to 
preach the Gospel, and claimed to be directed by the 
Holy Ghost, still he persisted in having the woman 
part of his congregation violate the instructions laid 
down by Paul in 1 Cor. 11. We are wondering how 
one can sincerely claim to be directed in his work by 
the Holy Spirit, when he, in his teachings, goes con- 
trary to the very instructions the Spirit prompted holy 
men to place on record for the benefit of believers? 
Does the Spirit teach differently in different ages? If 
we are to be governed by the work of some of the 
popular evangelists, and some others who are not so 
popular, it would seem that way. 

Bro. P. R. Wrightsman, of Saginaw, Texas, died 
Dec. 29,. age 74 years, 7 months and 13 days. Bro. 
Wrightsman had not been enjoying good health for 
some time, and his death was not unexpected. For 
a number of weeks he suffered intensely, but the 
last week of his life seems to have been spent with- 
out pain. Sixteen hours before his death he became 
unconscious and remained in that condition until the 
end. In the time of the rebellion Bro. Wrightsman 
figured somewhat prominently among the Brethren in 
Tennessee. He was a physician, a man of education 
and pleasant address, and passed as a man among 
men. In 1864 he was sent to Richmond, Va., to in- 
tercede for our people, and secure exemption from 
military duty. His mission was a success, and the 
Brethren in the South ever afterward showed an 
appreciation for his great kindness. He was born in 
Virginia in 1834, united with the church in 1854, and 
was called to the ministry in 1860. Next week we 
shall publish an exceedingly interesting account of 
his experience in the South during the rebellion. 

When members move into a new locality where we 
have no church, it is good for them to inquire after 
members, so as to become acquainted with them. .It 
is wise for isolated members to keep in touch with 
each other, and anything that we can do in the way 
of bringing them together, will afford us great pleas- 
ure. We are here to assist members in their religious 
life in every way possible. 

Bro. Israel Stees, one of the elders in the Wad- 
dams Grove congregation, III., died very suddenly on 
New Year's Day, and was laid to rest last Monday. 
Bro. Stees was a good man, in full sympathy with 
the church and her principles, and in many ways 
made himself useful in the Lord's vineyard. While 
he did not undertake much preaching away from 
home, still he was always ready for his part of the 
work in his own congregation. He was devoted to 
the church and her work and never seemed to en- 
jov himself so well as when conversing on religious 
subjects. He was well read in the Scriptures,- and 
few men in conversation knew better how to defend 
the principles of the church than Bro. Stees. He lived 
near the Waddams Grove brick meetinghouse, and 
his home was an ideal place for visiting ministers, for 
the hospitality shown by himself and family was of 
the highest type. He was about 68 years old, pos- 
sessed a strong, vigorous mind and was usually very 
positive in expressing himself. The church of which 
he was a member will greatly miss him, and it will be 
difficult to find any one to fill his place in the com- 

On another page we are publishing an article 
headed, " Three Years of Pioneer Work," that makes 
exceedingly interesting reading. It shows how three 
members, well rooted and grounded in the truth, went 
into a large city, went to work in deep earnest and 
built up a church. They did not wait for the action of 
a State Mission Board or even a congregation. The 
brother being a duly-authorized minister of the Gos- 
pel, with a wife who knows how to help and encourage 
a preacher, moved by the Spirit, entered a wicked city, 
preached the Gospel, taught in Sunday school, dis- 
tributed tracts and worked with his own hands to make 
a living. These members did not compromise with 
other denominations, nor did they fail to stand for the 
New Testament principles, as understood by the 
church. Work conducted on this principle, by earnest, 
consecrated members, will meet with success in any 
city in the land. The method is not only reasonable 
but it is apostolic. It shows courage, conviction, loy- 
alty and a firm reliance on the power of God, to stand 
by and help his ambassadors. Churches built up on 
this plan will be made up of members that have come 
out from the world and mean to live the separate life. 

Sister Mary Hqff Graybill, formerly of New 
Windsor, Md., but now of Union Bridge, same State, 
has been keeping a careful record of the number of ac- 
cessions to the church, as reported in the Messenger . 
from year to year. We have her report for 1908, in 
which she shows that, during the year, 6,366 were bap- 
tized and 431 reclaimed, making a total of 6,797. The 
following accessions by baptism are given for the dif- 
ferent months : January, 502 ; February, 640 ; March, 
571 ; April, 382 ; May, 371 ; June, 281 ; July, 299 ; Au- 
gust, 379; September, 561; October, 820; November, 
739; December, 821. It will thus be seen that Octo- 
ber, -November, December and February are our best 
months for revival work. June, the most delightful 
part of the year for administering baptism, is the poor- 
est month for conversions. The number of accessions' 
is, by far, the greatest reported for years. Last year 
there were 4,979 baptized and 311 restored to fellow- 
ship. Generally speaking, the report for 1908 is en- 
couraging, and shows that our people are moving for- 
ward, instead of going backward as some would have 
us believe. While we rejoice in the number added to 
the church, still we regret that it is not larger. We 
have one report, however, that gives the number bap- 
tized as 8,631, but it occurs to us that there must be 
some lapping over in this count, a thing that might 
easily occur. The report by our sister is certainly 
worth studying, and may form the basis for some 
future planning for evangelistic work. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 


This week Bro. John Calvin Bright has something 
to say about breaking the bread and passing the cup 
at our communion services. The question is an open 
one, and coming before the Annual Meeting next June 
for consideration, is sure to be discussed at consider- 
able length. A few of our correspondents have ex- 
pressed their views on the subject and, since we are 
likely to hear from others, we suggest that writers pre- 
sent their evidence and arguments, in support of their 
claims, without replying directly to each other, and 
thus, as much as possible, avoid the spirit, as well as 
the appearance, of controversy. We feel sure that 
this can be done without detracting in the least from 
the value of the exchange of views. It occurs to us 
that a Christian people ought to be able to exchange 
views on any religious question about which they 
differ, without engaging in sharp controversy. Every 
article offered^on the loaf and cup question, or any 
other open question, should be prepared with the ut- 
most care. Let there be no cutting remarks. Each 
writer can present the best he knows, in support of his 
views, but he must allow the one who differs from him 
the same privilege. 

ary Committee is charged with the duty of making " a 
special study of the field at home and abroad, and to 
promote a missionary spirit among the members of the 

The Missionary Day took up both the District Mis- 
sion work as well as the work of the General Board. 
Bro. Trostle gave an interesting review of the work 
of the District, from which it appeared that good work 
is being done, and that the Board is pushing out as 
fast as it can obtain means to carry on the work. A 
review of the general mission work of the church was 
given, and the interest taken in the meeting showed 
that the missionary spirit is abroad in California. It 
would be good if such meetings were held in every 
church in the Brotherhood. The result would be a 
large increase in the missionary sentiment of the 
church. D. L. M. 


It was my privilege to attend a number of the ses- 
sions of the special Bible Term of Lordsburg College 
and from first to last the interest in the work was well 
sustained, and good work was done. The local attend- 
ance was good and there were also a number present 
from other congregations in the district. In round 
numbers the District of Southern California and Ari- 
zona has a membership of one thousand. Formerly 
the District took in the entire State, but a year or two 
ago the Northern District of California was formed, 
with a membership of some three hundred. 

The work in the Bible school was in the hands of 
men of ability, and of a high spiritual character. The 
various topics discussed were full of interest and were 
helpful to all who were in attendance. During the 
term two young men came out on the Lord's side and 
were received into church fellowship by the rite of 
Christian baptism. Others were deeply impressed, and 
the good seed sown will, in God's own good time, bring 
forth fruit.' 

Among those who took an active part in the teach- 
ing, preaching and in giving addresses were Brethren 
D. W. Shock, J. M. Cox, L. J. Lehman, G. F. Chem- 
berlen, J. W. Cline, W. E. Trostle, Wm. Wertenbaker, 
M. M. Eshelman, James Z. Gilbert, D. A. Norcross, 
W. F. England, E. T. Keiser, S. W. Funk, and others. 
Sister Teague, formerly of Mount Morris, also took 
part in the program. 

Not the least interesting part of the program were 
•the Sunday school, the Christian Workers' and Mis- 
sionary Days. The topics presented for discussion 
brought out almost every phase of the several lines of 
the church's activities. Bro. J. W. Cline, District Sun- 
day-school Secretary, presided at the Sunday-school 
meeting and Bro. Chemberlen gave a most interesting 
review of the Sunday-school work in the district. The 
first Brethren Sunday school in the State was organ- 
ized at Covina twenty years ago and Bro. Chemberlen 
was the first superintendent. The District Secretary 
told us that ninety-two per cent of trie members of the 
church in the district are in attendance in the Sunday 
schools. I am wondering how many State Districts in 
the Brotherhood can make as good a showing. 

Bro. W. E. Wertenbaker had charge of the Christian 
Workers' meeting and a good meeting it was. Reports 
were given from a number of churches, but the most 
interesting report made was that of Sister Rose Hep- 
ner, of the Covina church. The meeting at that point 
was organized with five working committees doing ac- 
tive work. The Social Committee welcomes strangers 
to the meetings and promotes good fellowship among 
the members ; the Correspondence Committee looks 
after absent members, writing them, and also writes en- 
couraging letters to missionaries ; the Finance Commit- 
tee is responsible for the business of the work; the 
Lookout Committee looks after those who fail to at- 
tend the meetings, and notifies the leaders as to their 
time for taking charge of the meetings ; the Mission- 

makes, but in the Gospel that is back of the Confer- 
ence. If the Gospel requires something of members, 
the Conference has a right to enforce such demands. 
And what is true of a Conference in this respect is 
true of any church in any age or any part of the world. 
Tlie principles of right and wrong are in the Gospel, 
and it is the duty of individuals, churches and confer- 
ences fo discover these principles, comply with them 
and make them known to others. . 

U will thus he seen that there is a legitimate line of 
work for a Conference, even in the making of decisions, 
and so long as the Annual Conference of the Brethren 
church docs not transcend her authority and privilege, 
her work will certainly be sanctioned. Let it be dis- 
tinctly remembered, however, that while the New 
Testament is our only divine rule of faith and practice, 
the Annual Meeting decisions are to help us under- 
stand that ride, and to unite us on this understanding. 

One of our readers says that since the Gospel is 
established for all time, and answers every necessary 
purpose, he sees no use whatever for the decisions of 
the Annual Meeting. He suggests that we look upon 
the New Testament as our rule of faith and practice 
and not depend on Conference decisions. 

He is right in saying that the Gospel is established 
for all time and should answer every necessary pur- 
pose. He is also right in suggesting the New Testa- 
ment as our rule of faith and practice. These views 
have been held by the Brethren church since the begin- 
ning of their reformatory movement in 1708. When 
our brethren organized their first congregation in Ger- 
many it was understood that the New Testament 
should be regarded as their only creed, and when they 
settled in the Western World they had no other mind 
so far as a creed was concerned. They studied the 
New Testament, and by that settled everything requir- 
ing the attention of the church. 

But why have an Annual Meeting, and why make 
decisions? Simply to unite us on our understanding 
of the Gospel. The members in the time of the apos- 
tles differed in regard to a part of the law of Moses 
being considered binding on Christians. They dis- 
cussed the question and reached an agreement, which 
has since been the rule. In these latter days good 
people may also differ regarding what the New Testa- 
ment requires, and it is needful for them to get to- 
gether, compare views and unite on what they under- 
stand the Gospel to teach. Were there no points of 
difference we would need no Conferences for the pur- 
pose of making decisions, and therefore would have 
no use whatever for decisions. Should the time ever 
come when we shall be perfectly joined together, and 
be of the same mind and the same judgment, and all 
speak the same thing, we shall have no use whatever 
for the minutes of the Annual Meeting, only as a mat- 
ter of history. 

So the real purpose of the Annual Meeting is to 
bring us closer to the Gospel. To enable us to under- 
stand the New Testament better and to understand it 
alike. If we understand our business we will make no 
decision that the Gospel does not require. And when 
we do unite on a decision, the purpose will not be to 
make a thing binding that the Gospel does not demand, 
for we are to study the Gospel, see what it requires 
and then make decisions in keeping with the written 
Word. Let it be borne in mind that a thing is not 
right merely because Annual Meeting says so. If right 
at all it must be right whether the Annual Meeting 
says so or not. If by investigation the Conference 
finds that a certain line of conduct is right, it becomes 
her duty to say so. As members of the church we 
should then comply with the decisions, not because the 
Conference has so decided, but because the Conference 
has found that to be the right thing to" require of her 

Mewing the decisions of the Conference in this hght, 
it can be plainly seen that the purpose of the Annual 
Meeting is not to point out duties separate and apart 
from the Gospel, but to point out and urge upon the 
members the duties as they are set forth in the Scrip- 

It's al the 
hack of 


Ink minister's need of conviction that lie is called 
if God is the greatest, the most real, need of his life. 
foundation. All depends upon it. What he 
to do, rests upon this conviction. Still 
-it is this conviction that moves him 
toward aim and effort. 

A man, really convinced at heart that God called 
him, will appreciate the meaning of the ministry. He 
feels its weight as no other man can. When he be- 
lieves as firmly that his ministry is of God as he be- 
lieves that his being is of God, and that there is the 
same wisdom in (he one as in the other, he goes for- 
ward: he is moved by an irresistible power; he gets 
down to business. He knows that something must he 
done, I'm- God hath spoken. He allows nothing to 
hinder. It is settled that he is a chosen and called 
servant of tin- King, and " the King's business re- 
quired! haste.' 1 If there are hardships, he meets them ; 
if there are sacrifices to be made, lie makes them: if 
suffering is in the way, he endures it : if it costs life, he 
gives it. He " counts not his life dear," when the 
interests of the kingdom of God are at stake. But he 
must feel in his inmost heart of hearts that God has 
called him. This is the only sufficient prop in the min- 
isterial emergency. And, certainly, no man having this 
conviction thoroughly settled can do less. 

Paul, the typical minister, said, " Necessity is laid 
upen me; " further, "Woe is unto me, if I preach not 
the gospel "; still further. " If f do this thing willingly. 
I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation 
of the gospel is committed unto me." With him the 
question was settled, for these are the words of settled 
conviction. He must preach, therefore, at whatever 
cost. Nero's sentence and the executioner's block 
stood imt in lb'' way- And not only so, hut his ministry 
must he the first tiring,— the chief thing,— the supreme 
thing of his life. 

What's the matter, then, with the ministry of today? 
The indifference, the inactivity and the supreme in- 
terest in other things, how is it to be understood? Is 
it for waul of more conviction on the point that God 
has called? What are sonic of the evidences that God 
has called? 

1. There is the action of the church. Seeing the 
need of workers, seeing, also, the way workers weft 
chosen in the primitive age. that the office sought the 
worker, not the worker the office, the church, assem- 
bled in council, and in prayer for the light and guid- 
ance of the Holy Spirit, holds a choice for a minister, 
and you arc chosen. In other words, God has called 
you through the church, just like he called the seven 
in Acts 6. And shall it be said, like Matthias? Acts 
1 : 26. 

Is the action of the church no evidence? Was it no 
evidence to the seven ? Did they raise any question on 
this point ' Don't you. my brother, have the same evi- 
dence in this respect that the seven had? Or is it that 
God no longer calls men through the church? Who 
would be bold enough to affirm the proposition? 

2. There is the testimony of the Holy Spirit 
office is to bear witness to the Truth 

When a man is 

The authority is no. in the decisions the Conference born again, and born of God, he at once bears witness 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 

to the great change. He says to the spirit of the 
individual, You are born again, you are now a child 
of God, and now strive. When the individual yields 
to the call of truth to be a child of God, he imme- 
diately gives his testimony. Just so when an individual 
is called to a special work in the interest of truth, he 
at once bears witness. 

See how Paul had the witness of the Holy Spirit that 
he was chosen and called of God to the ministry of 
the Word. He, again and again, calls himself, "A 
servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle." Go 
back to his conversion, Acts 9, and see how the Holy 
Spirit bore witness to his call, and read his addresses. 
Acts 22 and 23. See also how the other apostles and 
early workers had the testimony of the Holy Spirit. 

Every minister should expect the Holy Spirit to 
witness to his call to the ministry of the Word. But 
when he gives his testimony, urging that God has called 
and that, therefore, the called should go forward in 
faithfulness, that should be the end of doubt and con- 
troversy; for this is the most unanswerable testimony 
that a minister can have. This inward, spiritual urg- 
ing is a confirmation of the action of the church in the 
call; and remorse, when the called is unfaithful, is an 
acknowledgment that God has called. 

3. There is the blessing of God upon you and your 
work. As the Lord blessed his workers in the primi- 
tive age, so he blesses still. On the day of Pentecost 
he gave the apostles three thousand souls. And so it 
continued. Souls were added to the church daily, and 
churches were established. Could these men doubt 
that God had called them? No, these things were 
God's open acknowledgment of them as his workers. 
Do they not count the same today? 

And the early workers had opposition and persecu- 
tion also. It was not all smooth sailing, — more ob- 
stacles then than now, probably. And this was as 
much an evidence that they were God's servants as the 
much prosperity. The prison walls, the pitiless lash, 
the execution of the death sentence, these were mighty 
witnesses. And so now. The very thing that has made 
doubters of so many ministers is the thing that should 
give the deepest conviction. 

Now look back over your ministry and see how God 
has blessed the work in your hands, how he has made 
you a blessing to others, how he has made you the 
subject of persecution, without which no man can be- 
come strong, and be not faithless. Believe with all 
your heart that you are God's chosen servant. 

4. There is the communication of the message. The 
Lord has given you something for the people, or, in 
other words, he has blessed your study, the Holy Spirit 
has graciously led you into the Truth and imparted 
wisdom, and in this way the Lord has given you your 
message for the people. When the Lord thus gives, is 
it not a confirmation of the call? 

5. There is your talent. God gave it to you, and the 
kind it is. Yours is of that class fitted to the ministry. 
Are our talents to be used for God's glory? Or are 
they given as an ornament to men? See the parables 
of the talents and the pounds. Now, since God gave 
us talent fitted to the ministry, is it not an evidence that 
he would have all such to be ministers? 

6. There is the ministerial instinct. From your ear- 
liest recollections you felt that you would like to be a 

•minister, and you began preaching at once, using al- 
most everything in the house, and about it, for your 
pulpit, the other children your hearers, sometimes the 
cattle, hogs, and chickens, etc., etc. What does this 
mean? It means that when the Lord laid the founda- 
tion of your life, he planned it that you should be a 
minister, and so he gave you an inward prompting 
from the very start. 

I do not take it that all ministers had this instinct 
in the same measure; or that all have had it at all. 
When it exists, it must be regarded as a strong intima- 
tion as to what the life should be; while, on the other 
hand, its absence must not be construed to forbid a 
later and more definite call. To my knowledge men 
without this instinct have been called to the ministry, 
and the fruit of their work was an unmistakable evi- 
dence as to the divinity of their call. But its existence 
is always an advantage, and it must be counted among 
the evidences of one's call. h. c. e. 

The tapeworm is a worm of considerable length that 
gets into the bowels of men and women, and then con- 
sumes the juices that are needed for the nourishing and 
growth of the body. How it gets there, we need not 
now explain, more than that it gets there in a way 
somewhat similar to the manner in which the human 
tapeworm gets into too many of our homes, — by care- 
lessness, thoughtlessness and lack of good judgment, 
or, perhaps, we had better say, through ignorance, pure 
and simple. 

When the holidays came upon us, we gave expres- 
sion and action to our feelings, as awakened by the 
message announced by angels, " Peace on earth and 
good will to men." Perhaps we looked around us to 
see where and how we could best show this " good 
will " to our fellows, who do not have a sufficiency of 
this world's goods, to give them good cheer 
and gladness in this time of general rejoicing. 
And do you know that it is a very hard thing for God's 
children to have real joy, while surrounded by families 
living in squalid poverty, — hungry, unclothed and mis- 
erable because of the lack of things needed to bring 
joy and peace into their homes and around their fire- 
sides? There is something wrong about our manner 
of living. Some homes are too full, some are too 
empty. We feel it, we see it. But how to remedy it 
is one of life's problems that is hard to solve. 

Some of our good brethren and sisters in our cities 
are trying to do missionary work by feeding and cloth- 
ing the poor. They do it through a spirit of philan- 
thropy and as an entering wedge into the families and 
-into their hearts, that they may, in this manner, be en- 
abled to feed them with the Bread of Heaven, and 
clothe them with the robes of righteousness. The in- 
tention, the purpose, is very good and, perhaps, on the 
whole, the means should be commended and are justi- 
fiable. But in the manner of doing it, in too many 
cases, there is a great waste. It seems like pouring 
food, clothing and money into a bottomless barrel. It 
passes through and wastes away without profitably 
reaching the purpose intended. 

What is the matter with such homes ? If they were 
to be examined carefully, in them would be found 
exacting, avaricious tapeworms, ready to devour the 
richest and best of the good things that are poured 
into these homes, by the charitably inclined, for the 
comfort and wellbeing of the poor mother and the 
needy children. This tapeworm would be found in the 
person of a full-grown, lazy, tobacco-chewing, whisky- 
drinking man, — a so-called husband, or man of the 
house, who boards and sleeps there, but spends his time 
lounging on the streets and in the saloons. 

How to help a family afflicted with a tapeworm is 
a problem indeed. When a man or a woman is found 
to have a tapeworm, the physician is called, and he 
prescribes a dose for it that destroys and casts it out. 
But these human tapeworms cannot be treated in this 
way, because of their belonging to the higher class of 
animals. But it does seem that there ought to be 
some way of closing the home door against such hus- 
bands, and make them feed and sleep where they 
lounge and drink, and spend their money. This would 
be a square deal all around. It would save such homes 
from a drunkard's abuse, foul language and the ex- 
pense of boarding him. It would also enable the char- 
itable neighbors properly to help the worthy needy 

We were impressed with these thoughts as we no- 
ticed poor women pass our house, loaded down with 
great packs of soiled clothes, taking them home to 
wash them that they might earn enough money to feed 
and clothe their children and their tapeworm husbands. 
Such women are to be commended, pitied and en- 
couraged. But what can be done for those homes as 
long as they are afflicted with these tapeworms? The 
more you feed such men, the lazier and more worth- 
less they grow. They ought to be taught, at least, 
enough Bible to make them understand that he that 
will not work should not eat. God never contradicts 
his own Word. Therefore, when he says that we are 
to be merciful to the poor and needy, he means the 
worthy poor, not those who are poor because of their 

laziness, worthlessness and bad habits, but those who 
are poor because of conditions over which they had 
no control. These are God's poor and they should 
have our sympathy and aid. But these tapeworms, 
that we are writing about, are not God's poor; they 
have given themselves over into the service of the 
devil. With their eyes open and their hearts seared, 
they are giving him all their service and cannot help 
but know that the only reward they can hope for is 
the reward of sin. And we are sometimes made to 
feel that if they could get a good dose of this reward 
while they are living, they might be made to see and 
feel the folly of the course in which they are going. 
They would turn from it and live the better life which 
our God would have all men live. If there is any way 
by which we can cause such men to see the wickedness 
of their ways and turn from it, we should be swift 
to do it. But for us to house, sleep and feed them, 
does not seem to be the right way. 

But it may be asked, Why do our young women 
marry such men? The question is a pertinent one. 
They ought to have better sense and exercise better 
judgment. But, unfortunately for too many of them, 
they don't do it. 

When we see some of our young girls walking the 
streets, linked arms, with young, irreligious men, who 
use foul language, smoke cigarettes and, sometimes, 
are even intoxicated, we are made to wonder what the 
harvest- will be. They fall in love unwisely, get into 
trouble, marry to save themselves from disgrace, as 
they think, begin housekeeping, become mothers, lack- 
ing the spirit of true motherhood, soon, soon to learn, 
by bitter experience, that their ideal young men are 
being transformed into tapeworms, ready to take from 
them the very things that are essential to make homes, 
and the life in them pleasant and desirable. 

As long as our young girls, — and sad to say it, some 
of our church members,— persist in making such young 
men their companions in their social and married lives, 
we will have undesirable and miserable homes, headed 
by tapeworm husbands. We, as preachers, teachers, 
husbands and wives, young men and young women, 
must labor to get rid of this tapeworm disease. This 
can be done only by the help of the Lord, in making 
better homes and raising better children. * 

This is the way the pastor of one of our city 

churches says it may be done: 

1. By always 'being at your post. 

2. By prefixing and suffixing his discourses with hearty 
song service, in which all take part. 

3. By inviting others to services, and, above all, to 

4. By finding some regular place in the Sunday school. 

5. By uniting your prayers in his behalf. 

6. By meeting, generously and promptly, the benevo- 
lent enterprises of the church. 

7. By being present at all council meetings. 

8. By helping to maintain inviolate the " doctrines," 
"principles," and established "order" of the church. 

9. By being as religious as possible, and as cheerful 
as religious. 

10. Finally, by uniting your efforts in order that every 
local movement, that has for its ultimate aim and end 
the advancement of Christ's kingdom upon earth, may 
be carried to a successful issue. 

The Editor of the Herald of Gospel Liberty, Day- 
ton, Ohio, sends us a copy of his excellent book, " The 
Bicentennial of Religious Journalism," in which is set 
forth the history of his paper, the oldest religious jour- 
nal in the world. The work not only contains the his- 
tory of the Herald, but considerable is said about the 
history, doctrine, position and claims of the Christian 
church, along with much information regarding the 
editors connected with the paper from time fo time. 
There is a selection of one hundred editorial gems 
that makes interesting reading. A number of photo- 
graphs are given of men and women who have figured 
prominently in the church and her various lines of 
work. Some of the early sisters, with their plain caps, 
remind one of the sisters of the Brethren church. The 
printing, paper and binding are all first-class and the 
book is a credit to the editor, printers and the publish- 
ing interest it represents. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 




D. L. Miller, Chairman Mt. Morris. 111. 

H. C. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird, Va. 

Ii. W. Teeter, Hagerstown, Ind. 

Clias. D. Bonsacfa, Washington, D. C. 

S. J. Voder Conway, Kans. 

General mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Find a Way or Make One. 
On the sword of an old warrior was inscribed the 
legend, "I find a way, or make one." The same words 
should be the war-cry of every true soldier of the cross. 
The primitive Christians " went forth and preached ev- 
erywhere," proclaiming a message not taught in the 
schools, nor received from men, but from God. Hearts 
are aching, souls are hungering and thirsting, perish- 
ing sinners are longing for the words of life and sal- 
vation, and yet Christian men and women are sitting 
still. Neglected spots can be found on every hand, — c 
nooks and corners tin blest and uncar ed for are within 
reach of every one. He who has salvation in his heart 
and a Bible in his pocket can soon find a place of use- 
fulness, if his heart is really in the work of God. Hav- 
ing found a place, get busy and keep at it! The Lord's 
workers will not be weary, for his joy is their strength. 

petition, in acknowledgment of what he had seen, and 
in the invoking of blessings on the followers of the 
faith, hitherto hated and despised, the prayer was a 
marvel to the man who listened. By its fruits Christian- 
ity had made itself known that day to the young 
Turk. Old-time prejudices were swept away by the 
powerful logic of things visible. 

Worldliness a Foe to Church Growth. 
A young man attended prayer meeting. Though not 
a Christian, he was- interested in the services, for it was 
a good meeting, well calculated to inspire to better 
things. The young man had not resisted temptation as 
lie should have, in his past life, but now good influences 
were at work upon him. He felt that he ought to be 
a Christian; he was almost ready for the decisive step. 
But when the meeting was over, the first thing said 
to him was not about spiritual things. Unfortunately he 
fell in with the thoughtless ones who spoke of the latest 
football game, the attractions of the theater downtown, 
etc. As he made his way homeward he thought, " I 
-don't believe those Christians are in earnest; they don't 
care whether I am a Christian or not." He became de- 
spondent, is still out of the church, and may never come. 
Meanwhile the members are drifting still farther world- 
ward. As Delilah of old robbed Samson of his strength, 
so worldliness today is sapping the church of her vi- 
tality. Perhaps she has been sleeping. She must needs 
arouse herself, lest her enemies find her unprepared to 
meet the onslaught that is sure to come. 

Make Yourself Known. 

Why not? If your church is a good place for your- 
self, it is likely to help others, and why not let it be 
known? In secular matters we use a far greater amount 
of wisdom, to let it be known far and wide, by adver- 
tising of various kinds, what we have that people should 
buy. Why not advertise your religious meetings and 
church work by means of the daily and weekly press? 
You need not be ashamed of it, for it is the best possible 
tiling to set before the people. A Chicago pastor uses 
one column each Saturday in a prominent daily of that 
city, to give the people a heart-to-heart talk on the great 
matters of religion, announcing also the meetings at 
his church for the day following. Presumably he con- 
siders it money well spent, for he finds many thought- 
ful people intensely interested in these weekly messages, 
and many are now attending services who never before 
came. Another pastor, in the East, reports his church 
attendance almost doubled, after a well-planned and ju- 
dicious campaign of advertising by which his church 
work and services were appropriately set before the peo- 
ple. If your church is doing a good work, — and it surely 
is, — make it known still farther by any and every means 

A Mohammedan's Testimony. 
Recently a young Turk, the son of a wealthy mer- 
chant in the interior of Turkey, came to New York on 
a visit, the guest, of a business man who had previously 
sustained commercial relations with the Turkish mer- 
chant. In showing the young Turk the sights of the 
city, a hospital was reached. The young man seemed 
much interested and asked if it was really so that, when 
all the Christians who needed attention were cared for, 
Jews and even Mohammedans might be admitted to 
Christian hospitals. It seemed too good to believe. He 
was then told that Christian, 'Jew and Turk were given 
equal care, on the simple basis of their need. He had 
a talk with the only Turkish patient then in the hos- 
pital, then turned to the nurse and said: "He tells me 
you are an angel. Nurse! That you have done for him, 
Turk though he is, all that could be done, and shown 
him kindness and sympathy that he cannot understand. 
I, too, want to thank you for it." They left the hospital, 
— the Turk too much overcome, by what he had seen, for 
words. As they stood on the pavement, just outside 
the great entrance of the institution, the visitor, in Ori- 
ental fashion, spread his hands to heaven, and prayed 
such a prayer for blessings on the Christians as his host 
had never heard. In language and fervor, in beauty of 

Keeping the Day. 

Leaving Sunday out of the question for the present, 
we have two days which we keep sacred; that is, they 
are supposed to be sacred. The two arc Thanksgiving 
and Christmas. But on those days persons who pro- 
fess to be Christians are sometimes guilty of spending 
the time in anything but a sacred manner. It is easy 
to see where others err, for our attention is given very 
largely to them and their affairs. Yet it will be well 
for us if we give some of our time to looking at our- 
selves and our actions; for it may be that the beam is in 
our eye and the mote in our brother's. 

For purposes of illustration, however, we can better 
use what is not done by ourselves. In a community 
where most of the people were members of churches, 
there arose the question as to how Christmas should 
be spent. A program was made out. Some of those 
who were to take" part conceived the idea of having a 
comic dialogue, in which two men should blacken their 
hands and faces so as to appear like negroes. But that 
was going too far, and the matter was dropped. We do 
not know whether those most concerned were able to 
see the reason for it. 

We do not for a moment suppose that there was any 
intention of showing any disrespect to the day or to 
the event which it commemorates. It was simply a 
matter of drifting with the tide, of not considering the 
fitness of things before laying out a course of action. 
There arc so many things done thoughtlessly, and a 
common excuse for actions that result in greater or less 
misfortune is, "I didn't think." But that is an excuse 
which does not excuse. God has given us minds, the 
ability to see the results of certain lines of conduct, and 
he holds us responsible for the use of what he has given. 
The man who acts without thought has no place," no 
right to live near others, for he is a menace to them in 
many ways. Any person should be ashamed to say 
he didn't think about results before acting. 

But the day we celebrate as the anniversary of the 
coming of our Lord to the earth to seek and to save 
that which was lost, — how shall it be spent? Surely 
it is not a time for foolish and unbecoming mirth. The 
same may be said of Thanksgiving. Haw few of the 
hours of these days we spend in the way which we 
should! Perhaps we attend services, outwardly paying 
respect. But the greater part of the day, the main things 
to which we look forward, do not bring glory to God 
or good to men. It may appear to be a light thing to 
be careless and indifferent and frivolous and wicked. 
•But it isn't. An account is to be given of every idle 
word and every sinful act. 

Sometimes the same action is worse than it is at other 
times. For example, the act done on Sunday is wrong 
in itself and breaks the law of Sunday observance. This 
does not mean that we are to do wrong acts on ordinary 
days; hut that days set apart for praise and worship 
should be kept especially sacred. To take part in or 
encourage a comic negro dialogue would, we believe, 
be wrong at any time; but we feel that to do so on 
Christmas or Thanksgiving or Sunday would make a 
bad matter worse. It would be desecrating instead of 
hallowing the day. 

The tendency for many years has been to make the holy 
days holidays; and the Lord's Day is not kept as it was 
in the long ago, nor as the Master wants it kept now. 
One reason is that the laboring people have no other 
time, or very little, for recreation. We cannot blame 
workingmen for wanting to get a breath of pure air in 
the country or on the water when they have an oppor- 
tunity. It was not intended that they should be shut 
out from these blessings. But they do not stop at that, 
and the workingmen are not the only ones who violate 
the Sabbath. If they were, there would not be so much 
harm done. 

The sacredness of the day, the feeling of gratitude 
to God for what he has done for man, are lost in too 
many instances; and our days for religious observance 
become occasions for the gratification of the desires of 
the flesh, leaving the spiritual man poorer and less able 
to meet and overcome the soul's great enemy. It is 
for those who have taken upon themselves the name of 
Christ to set the right kind of an example, to show that 
they believe in keeping holy things holy. We have 
■ opportunity every week to do this. Let us not fail to 
improve it. c. M. 

Calling! Calling! 

Another ringing call has come, not this time from over 
the sea, but don't you hear it just outside your front 
door? The South is calling, calling, and that is not one- 
third so far from home as India, China, Africa, and other 
places that are now being looked to with interest. 

Read the timely article in last issue on " Mission Work 
in the South." Read it the second time and then the 

third time, analyze and diagnose it, until the full force 
of this alarming call burns through to the very bottom 
of your heart, then talk to the Lord about the matter. 
Do all of this at one sitting, even if it requires some 
midnight oil before the task (if task it may be called) is 
finished. It is a burning shame, indeed, to have it said of 
the Church of the Brethren, that, right at our own door, 
there are people living who know practically nothing 
about us as a church, our doctrine and principles. 

Is it not true that the less heathenism, immorality, indif- 
ference, and all similar obstructions, we have to con- 
tend with, here at home, the easier it will be for us for- 
cibly and effectually to teach the simple and glorious Gos- 
pel to those across the waters? The more mission work 
we do here at home, the more mission work we will be 
able to do on other shores, because both our number 
and moans will be greater. 

Think of the money (and the Lord's money, too, at 
that) that is spent lavishly in some congregations, in 
the building and furnishing of churchhouscs, then think 
of the money that is required in the great amount of 
useless machinery employed to operate some church 
work, while there are so many, just near us, who are 
suffering for the want of only a little bit of our vast 
abundance! Think of the great inconsistency, then 
measure your missionary zeal I 

Nowhere, within the lids of the Bible, arc we com- 
manded to withhold our money and effort until we have 
a full assurance that, to begin mission work in a new 
place, it will be a permanent undertaking. What did 
we know at the start, or even now, about the outcome 
in India, when it was decided to open up work in that 
field? What do wc know about China? What assur- 
ance did wc have about France? What assurance do 
we have of withholding our money and the Gospel from 
the thousands of people in our home land? Surely, our 
light and influence on other fields will not be the bright- 
est when they are clouded here at home. 

It is no use trying to make black white, or to cover up 
the truth of things, for the facts exist. Wc are sacri- 
ficing our own home family in trying to save those of 
our neighbors across the waters. What power will bring 
about an equalization? Mina H. Bosscrman. 

Elgin, 111. 

An American Girl in China. 
Dear sisters, you can never appreciate what Christ 
has done for the elevation of women until you set foot 
nn heathen land. You cannot realize the great blessing 
of the liberty you enjoy. You are man's equal and are 
treated by him with the greatest courtesy. You are free 
to go where you wish, and when you wish, accompanied 
or alone, as necessity demands. These we consider our 
natural rights to such an extent that, if we were de- 
prived of them, we would rise in open rebellion, and 
demand what we consider our rights. 

Not so in heathen lands. Women arc powerless slaves. 
This is the one great blot on the great educated nation 
of China. They have been kept in bondage so long that 
they know not how to use the blessings of liberty, but 
go to the extreme and use it to their own destruction. 
Christian teaching is the only thing that will save these 
women at this time, when western ideas of liberty are 
coming to their doors so rapidly. 

In this city a government school has been organized 
for girls this year. Some of the girls in the school in- 
terpret equality of sex as meaning that they may wear 
men's clothing and smoke cigarettes, thus destroying 
the very purpose for which the school was organized. 
This is why missionary women must be so very care- 
ful in conforming to many of the customs of their so- 
ciety. We are their leaders, and while they are not 
able to comprehend or enjoy the blessings of liberty, 
wc must suffer with them, to some little extent, in 
their restriction. 

Imagine an American girl, with all her fine ideas of 
liberty and woman's rights, dropped inside the four 
homely mud walls of a Chinese compound. The rooms 
are built around the sides, leaving a small court in the 
center. This is paved with rough bricks, so all you see 
of God's great, beautiful world is a piece of sky, where 
you can view the sun for only a few hours a day, and 
the stars at night. To do manual labor is a disgrace. 
Servants must do that. Any woman, unless she be old, 
must not leave the walls unless she be with her hus- 
band, or an old man servant. If she does, she is con- 
sidered of a very questionable character. Indeed, a man's 
merits in heaven are counted by the number of days he 
keeps his wife within the walls. 

Any missionary woman is restricted in China and a 
single one much more so. If she walks with a man and 
his wife, lie is supposed to have two wives. She dare not 
go alone, and if she walks with a married man, she is 
not considered respectable. To be seen with a single 
man, anywhere, would be ruinous to mission work. 
You might as well go home. The only respectable way 
for her to leave the walls is to have an old man serv- 
ant walk behind her, every place she goes. 

After being in China but a few weeks, these are only 
several instances of the many heathen influences we 
have felt on our lives. But. we rejoice that we are 
counted worthy to endure a little for the sake of those 
we have come to save. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 

Dear sisters in America, how do you think our sisters 
in China endure this burden? We feel it, under more 
favorable surroundings, with educated minds, plenty 
of studying and good books at hand, something pleasant 
to occupy our minds every hour of the day and with 
Christian duty to uphold us. How can they endure it? 
With bound feet that are never free from pain, with 
the intense jealousy which arises from polygamy, with 
the petty nothings that occupy their days, do you won- 
der that they consider their life so cheap? 

It is common for them to commit suicide to spite some 
of their friends, or to end some petty trouble. To be 
bom a man. next time, is their only salvation. Do you 
wonder they want to die soon? Do you wonder they 
want to be born a man? 

O sisters, the need is so great and the workers are 
so few! It takes a long while to prepare for the work 
when once here even! We should have many, many 
more here just now, preparing, for the few of us, 
here now will be able to do so little when we do begin. 
Who will come next year?_ Emma Horning. 

Tia-Yuan Fu, China, Nov. 7. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

superintendents and Alfred Marchant, secretary. We need 
more workers at this place. Any one who Is interested in 
mission work and a healthful climate can do no better than 
come to Santa Ana, as this is an ideal place.— Lizzie Fugn, 
722 E. Pine St., Santa Ana, Cal., Dec. 28. 

t in council Dec. 2G. with our elder, S. G. 

Sunday-school officers for the following 
One was received by letter.— Clara B. 

Dec. 28. 

Tropico church n 
Lehmcr, presiding-. 
year were elected. 
Wolf, Tropico, Cal 


Glendale church met in regular quarterly council Dec 25. 
Our Sunday school was reorganized with Bro. P. H. Sine, 
superintendent, and Christian Workers with Bro ^* M «f' 
president, Eleven have been received by letter sine* our 
last report. Our Thanksgiving collection of *1M*T**&™? 
to the -'Associated Charities'" of our own city.— Nellie Bea\ei, 
733 Grand Avenue, Phcenix, Ariz., Dec. 25. 

Springdale.— Bro. Wm. Watts came to us Dec. 20 and de- 
livered three good sermons, also anointed Sister Rachel Fiant. 
Her health has greatly improved, for which we are very- 
thankful to our Heavenly Father.— Viola Wheeler. Spring- 
dale, Ark., Dec. 28. 

St. Francis congregation met for council Dec. 26. Bro W. 
T Price officiating. All the work passed ofC pleasantly. Our 
Sundav school was reorganized with Bro. Luke Burnett as 
superintendent. Bro. Price came to us Dec. 24, and preached 
each evening while here, and on Sunday at 11 o clock. The 
interest was good. We are still in need of a minister who 
will locate among us. There is a great -field of labor in 
Arkansas that needs missionaries. Who will respond to the 
ca j]?— Annie Burnett, Palestine, Ark.. Dec. 29. 

Bntte Valley church enjoyed another splendid program 
given by the Sunday-school scholars on Christmas morning. 
A treat, consisting of apples, candy and nuts, was given to 
230 people. The collection amounted to $33.06. We recently 
organized our aid society with Sister Etta Haynes, president; 
Sister Mikles, vice-president; Sister Lizzie Lore, manager and 
treasurer; Sister Laura Saul, secretary. During the six 
months twelve meetings were held. Four days' work was 
donated. The average attendance was nineteen. We have 
$8.71 in the treasury. — Mrs. E. M. Wolfe, Macdoel, Cal., Dec. 

Chico (First Church of the Brethren). — We met Saturday 
evening, Dec. 26, in our first regular council. Bro. Hiram 
Forney presided. A building committee, composed of Breth- 
ren Forney, Kline and Peebler. was appointed. The Sunday 
school was reorganized for six months, with Bro. Levi Fight- 
ner, superintendent, and Sister Grace Heisel, secretary and 
treasurer. Sister Kerr was elected president of the Christian 
Workers' meeting and Albert Bickett. secretary. Dec. 27 
Bro. J. Harman Stover, of Odessa, Wash., and Bro. J. G. 
Miller, of Butte Valley, were with us. Bro. Stover delivered 
a very touching sermon on " Our Adoption." Bro. Miller 
spoke in the evening. — Clemrha L. Peebler, Chico, Cal., Dec. 

Fruitvale church met in council Dec. 26, Eld. M. E. An- 
drews presiding. Church officers were elected for the year: 
Bro. Andrews, elder: Bro. J. N. Statler, clerk; Sister Margaret 
Statler. agent, and Sister Alice Myers, correspondent. Sister 
Margaret Statler was elected Sunday-school superintendent. 
Bro. Flory M. Gillett was elected president of the Christian 
Workers' meeting, and Bro. J. N. Statler, secretary. — Emma 
T. Whitcher, Bangor, Cal., Dec. 29. 

Glendora Dec. 26 we met in council, with Eld. J. S. Bru- 

baker presiding. Bro. D. A. Norcross, of Lordsburg, was 
present and gave several helpful talks to the members. Much 
business was disposed of pleasantly. Bro. J. S. Brubaker 
was chosen presiding elder for the coming year. Sunday- 
school officers were also elected. Bro. Percy Zug was elected 
president of Christian Workers' meeting and Dora Huber. 
secretary. — Lula Brubaker, Azusa, Cal.. Dee. 27. 

Lordsburg". — A most interesting and helpful two weeks' 
Bible term, held in Lordsburg College, closed last evening. 
The attendance was good from beginning to end. Last Wed- 
nesday evening wo went to the churchhouse at 3:30, where 
two of the college boys were buried with Christ in baptism. 
Eld. D. W. Shock officiating. On Wednesday evening an 
offering of $38.25 was lifted to send to the workers at St. 
Joseph, Mo. Eld. D. L. Miller was with us In most of the 
sessions, and inspired us with his talks and counsel, sea- 
soned with wide experience and simple, but inspiring and 
helpful, sermons. Elders M. M. Eshelman and J. Z. Gilbert, 
of Los Angeles. Cal., both took part in the program. Eld. 
W. E. Trostle. of Pasadena, was one of the instructors, be- 
sides a number of others. A report of Christian Workers' 
Day will appear in the columns of Our Young People. Eld. 

D. W. Shock, who had charge of the "Bible Term Program." 
is preparing a full report of that work for the Gospel Mes- 
senger. — Grace Hileman Miller, Lordsburg, Cal., Dec. 19. 

Baisln City church convened in council Dec. 2G. with our 
elder. Bro. Harvey Elkenberry, presiding. Seven letters were 
received. Officers for the church and Sunday school were 
elected. Bro. Charles Heifer was chosen superintendent of 
the Sunday school, and Maude Wilkenson, secretary. Sister 
Weaver was elected president of the Christian Workers* meet- 
ing. On Christmas eve a program was given by the Sunday- 
school scholars. Services were held on Christmas Day at 
10 o'clock. A collection of $4.50 will be used in furnishing 
lights for the church. — Ida Flickinger, Raisin, Cal., Dec. 30. 

Santa Ana church met Nov. 26 in a Thanksgiving service, 
conducted by Eld. J. A. Miller. A collection of $51 was taken, 
(23 of which was donated to the Berean Bible School, of Los 
AngeleB, and $28 to the Mission Board. We met in 'council 
Dec. 26, Eld. J. A. Miller presiding. Church officers were 
elected for another year: Elder, H. A. Whisler: clerk, Hattle 

E. Rexroad : treasurer. John Pugh : correspondent. Lizzie 
Pugh. Five letters of membership were granted, and one was 
received. Brethren J. M, Wine and C. D. Fager were elected 


Frnita church enjoyed a very happy and inspiring Christ- 
mas service. In the morning we had .-the subject, ' Imman- 
uel" brought vividly before our minds in sermon, songs and 
prayers Gifts were distributed to all present, and sent to 
the absent members of the Sunday school. In the evening 
a Christmas program, consisting of songs and recitations, of 
an "elevating character, was given by the young people and 
children. On Sunday following, Bro. Jacob Betts, of Idaho, 
who, with his family, is visiting here, preached for us morn- 
ing and evening. — Salome Sharp, Fruita, Colo., Dec. 28. 

Goodhope.— Upon agreement of both the Sterling and Hax- 
tum congregations, the Sterling congregation was organized 
into a separate church, by the cooperation of a committee 
from the late district meeting and the Goodhope church, in 
regular council. The Goodhope church, in its changed con- 
dition, met in council, three miles west ofHaxtum. in Logm. 
County, Colo., Dec. 28, with our elder, D. B. Miller, of See- 
ling, present. Elders Fitz and Love- were also with us. inis 
church now Includes all of the old territory east of the Range 
line, dividing Townships fifty and fifty-one. running north 
and soutli through the old territory. There are twenty-one 
members with two letters pending. The officers are as fol- 
lows: Ministers, Bro. Joel H. Kinzie, second degree, and 
Bro Lewis J. Hulse, advanced to the second degree at this 
meeting; deacons. Brethren John Murray and Henry J. Hulse; 
clerk Ero J. H. Kinzie; treasurer, L. J. Hulse. Sister Maud 
Kinzie was chosen president of Christian Workers' Meeting: 
Sister J H. Kinzie, Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister 
Altha M. Hulse. Messenger correspondent. Eld. D. B. Miller 
was reelected elder in charge for two years.— H. J. Hulse, 
Haxtum. Colo., Dec. 29. 

Sterling church met in council Dec. 26. Much business 
came before the meeting. Eld. Love, of Denver, and Eld. 
Fitz of Longmont, Colo., were present to divide this congre- 
gation and organize this part of the church into a separate 
congregation. We have thirty-three members enrolled, among 
them an elder. Bro. D. B. Miller, one minister in second de- 
gree, Bro. W. H. Greenawalt, and two deacons, Brethren John 
Bushong and Daniel Ikenberry. Sterling was chosen as the 
name of this church. All new church officers were elected. 
Bro D. B. Miller was chosen elder for two years; Bro. John 
Bushong, clerk; Bro. R. J. Patterson, treasurer; Bro. Law- 
rence Miller, Messenger agent; the writer, Messenger corre- 
spondent; Brethren J. Bushong, D. Ikenberry and L. Miller, 
church trustees. The Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the following year: Bro. Charles Ullery, superintendent; 
Jacob Miller, secretary and treasurer. One letter of mem- 
bership was received. We would be glad to have members 
move among us who are looking for a different location. We 
have a good climate and town and would be glad to answer 
all questions.— Ada Spohr. Sterling, Colo., Dec. 28.' 

ay morning, Dec. 20, 


Batavia.— On Sunday morning, Dec. 20, there 
number present to listen to an inspiring sermon given by 
-Bro. S. S. Blough, our pastor. The Sunday-school children 
gave a well-prepared program on' Wednesday evening, Dec. 
23. The church was filled with people who listened atten- 
tively to the message of good tidings brought to us by the 
little ones. We are very glad that Bro. Blough's health is 
much improved and that he is able to take charge of his 
regular duties.— Kathryn Barkdoll, R. D. 2, Naperville, 111., 
Dec. 2G. 

Dixon church met in council Dec. 16, our elder. John Heck- 
man, presiding. Bro. O. D. Buck and wife were with us also. 
Bro' Peter Frantz was chosen church clerk, Brethren T. E. 
Hulls. Chas. Boyd and William Hicky, church trustees, Sister 
Lola Collins, correspondent,- and the writer, chorister. Sun- 
day-school officers were elected for one year, with Bro. Peter 
Frantz, superintendent and Elmer Bowers, secretary. Since 
our last report three letters of membership have been re- 
ceived—Mrs. T. E. Hults. 1509 W. Third Street, Dixon, 111., 



Girard.— On Sunday. Dec. 27, at 3 P. M., we again met at 
the Home for worship for the benefit of those in the Home. 
All of the inmates were aDle to attend the services. Bro. 
Joel Vancil, of North Dakota, talked to us. All present en- 
joyed the services. — Kate Smeltzer. Girard, 111., Dec. 28. 

Lanark church met in quarterly council Dec. 22. All busi- 
ness was disposed of in an orderly manner. We have just 
closed a four weeks' series of meetings. Thirty-seven ser- 
mons were delivered by Bro. H. C. Crumpacker, of Mt. Morris. 
Fifteen were baptized. All but one were young people. Bro. 
Crumpacker is an earnest worker. The attendance and In- 
terest during these meetings were very good, although the 
weather was not so favorable. — Ada I. Wilson, Lanark, 111.. 
Dec 26. 

Oakley church met in quarterly council Dec. 26, with Eld. 
D. J. Blickenstaff presiding. Eld. A. L. Bingaman, of the 
Cerro Gordo church, was with us. Four letters of member- 
ship were granted and four received. Sister Mary Frantz 
was elected superintendent of Sunday school, and Bro. W. T. 
Heckman, president of Christian Workers' meeting. We also 
organized a midweek prayer meeting. Since our last report, 
right more have been baptized and two reclaimed, making, 
in all. a net gain of fif t> during this year. Our church feels 
much jov In seeing so many souls born into the kingdom. — 
Susie N. Nickey. Cerro Gordo. 111., Dec. 2S. 

Silver Creek.— We lield our council on Saturday afternoon. 
Dec. 19. In the absence of Eld. D. L. Miller, now in Califor- 
nia, Bro. J. E. Miller presided. Several letters were received, 
including one elder and three ministers.— Chas. V. Taylor, 
Mt. Morris, 111.. Dec. 28. 

Beaver Bam church met in council Nov. 24. the Mission 
Board of Middle Indiana being present to consider the needs 
of the church. On account of some hindrances it was de- 
cided that Brethren Geo. E. Swihart and D. B. Garber, with 
Bro. John Neff, secretary, should meet with us again Dec. 
26 at the home of Bro. A. Swihart. Much business was 
transacted. The writer was retained as church correspondent 
and agent for the Publishing House for another year. Bro. 
Edward Swihart was elected treasurer and Sister Celia Swi- 
hart. church clerk. Brethren Ed. Swihart and Jacob Amy 
were appointed as financial committee. Another committee, 
of three brethren, was also appointed to arrange a suitable 
place for a series of meetings. We have a partial promise of 
the V. B. house, in which we have been holding our meetings 
for the last six months. The writer is also to be responsible 
for the appointments the ensuing year, for which he is to 
receive some financial aid, We are glad for the step the 
Mission Board is taking. They have the money and the 
encouragement of the district, and more work for the Master 
is to be done in this part of the State. Last Sunday Brethren 
Garber and Swihart were with us in our morning services. — 
John L. Kline, R. D. 2, Akron, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Dec. 26, with our 
elder. Bro. Frank Krelder, presiding. All business was dis- 
posed of pleasantly. One letter of membership was received. 
Two letters were granted. We expect Bro. J. W. Kltson to 
hold; a, series Of meetings \v. the near future. We; alse. de,-. 

elded to hold a week's meetings before our revival, to be con- 
ducted by Bro. Joe Miller, one of our home ministers.— 
William Brubaker, Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Howard.— Christmas night, Dec. 25, Bro. Jacob Cripe, from 
the Upper Deer Creek congregation, came to us, and preached 
four instructive sermons. HiB help was appreciated veiy 
much The meetings closed Sunday evening, Dec. il. 
Goldle Henry, R. D. 2, Kappa, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Huntington City church met in council Dec. 31. Eld J. H. 
Wrhrht presiding Bro. Isajic Brumbaugh, secretary and 

Sent 5 the christian Workers' meeting. Brethren Aaron 
Moss and D B. Garber were with us In this meeting. Bro 
Geo l! Studcbaker. of North X.tcl»M was; .chosen elder 
In charge Bro. Studebaker will preach for us the lust faun 
,,v I, January at which time arrangements will be made 
for a minister.— John B. Bailey, 67 Guilford St.. Huntington. 
Ind., Jan. 1. 

Kick creek— We reorganized our Sunday school for the 
eomliig si "months. Em Fred Andrew was elected superin- 
tendent and Mrs Rosa Thoma ar.^The^umlay 
ir^o%T^TZl V i? T «s for us Dec. 26 and 2,.- 
Bessie Kleffaber, Coal City, Ind., Dec. 28. 

lower Doer Creek.— We met In council Dec. 19. to hear 
.., ,r. f ,h. annual visit Peace and harmony prevail 

nmo,,g tie members Two brethren were elected to the dea- 
™K but on account of the absence of their wives, the 
™, , ,T ,',; „, eferred. Elders A. G. Crosswhite, Henry 
, fml s a, Benjamin Wrav assisted In the work. Our love 
Land.s and 1, );'" > , c enjoyable occasion, 

Kong?? mTawinter meeting' is unusual in this locality, 
although a „ mci ated in a very able manner. Eld. 

J D Rife preached for us the following mornlng.-L. J. 
Musselman. R. D. 3, Camden, Ind., Dec. 30. 

mrisaiefork church met In quarterly council Dec. 26. Oui 

d r£?> ■ l-'MK" 5 "- A " bUS " ,e9S Pa ? 8 1 ° wfen" 

„„Hv One letter was granted and three received. We en- 


SincS last wort Eld. D. Metsler held a series of ™«'"es '" 
£l ■;!£ oap&^na £ -«r. Rossv^S g£ 

l=!%nd U SVSooverS^L5r.„ 3 th."worfbfr^tS 
S,„ f,?t' Ten were received by letter, and one by baptism. 
oTof thole' received by letter f^fe^'S** 
r„te" der\nd°I.Xr e Ru W ,h 1, R S a',dc" Senary. A committee 
wasTeleJteato help the Mission Board in securing a min.ste. 
rassK'Bro. J. V Rarick in holding services here eaoh 

fiT bv the'Sled* woSTtle ^nVerfwitn their elder we 
and, D5 ™ e "'' . , , p can nave a strong working 

cCrcl^h^ in the cIS-N J Paul, 117 South Councli Street, 
Muncie. Ind., Jan. 2. 

Salem church recently enjoyed a spiritual feast with Bro. 
,„hr.T Kline doing the preaching Two applied for mem- 
bership— Melvina Mitchell, Culver, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Second South Bend church met in regular council Dec 11, 
Flder" s F Sanger and George D, Zollers presiding. Sunday- 
school Christian Workers' and church officers were elected 
?„, M 'e coming year Our series of meetings will begin Jan. 
1°0 to be con"eS,c,ed by Bro, Kltson. of Syracuse In»--B«" 
"' Eckel 745 N'orth Cushing Street. South Bend. Ind., Dee. 30. 

South Bend (First Church of the Brethren; -Sunday Dec. 
■>7 we held the closing exercises of our Sunday ?=»™' t ,<" 
lids. At this time the yearly report was : read showinE an 
enrolment of 311. with an average attendance of 160. We 
also"of ned the birthday bank which has been a featured 

£5 S T w. ic 1, U wif. be sent to the India Orphanage. We also 
lave on" Biles to those who had perfect attendance. There 

b^ 'a" ^T^^r^^y^ °» ' H 

he^cou^l-A^is t^ifoSs ™«^;= 

&*srsj££i retK^jun" ss: vs n ^ 

dueled lv ou, pastor, Bro. M. Clyde Horst, Sister Marguerite 
Bixier Gazette win conduct the song servlce.-Pearl Wenger 
Jackson, South Bend, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Spring creek.— We closed our meetings in Sidney last even- 
ing wRn a full house and increased interest. One was bap- 
M,e'd Sidney is a small town, and also a mission point, 
located about half way between the Spring Creek and the 
Eel River congregations. We have no house of worship ot 
our own in the town, but are holding our services in the 
Christian church We have regular services the second 
Sunday of each month, both morning and evening. We have 
twenty-four members In the town and as many ™« ™l»> n 
one and a half miles of town. In order to do effectual work 
we need a house of worship in town.— Daniel Snell. Sidney, 
Ind., Dec. 27. 

Sugar Creek ehurch held her quarterly council Nov. 29. 
Bro Martin Fields was elected superintendent of our west 
Sinda™ school. Bro. Harvey Krelder was chosen president 
of Christian Workers' meeting for one year. At a s P e ='» l 
council Bro. I. M. Bollinger was ordained as elder and Bio. 
I A Snell advanced to the second degree of the ministry. 
Bro Geo D. Zollcrs commenced a series of meetings at he 
east house last evening.— Mrs. Harvey Krelder, South W_lnt- 
ley, Ind.. Dee. 27. 

Syracuse church met In special councli Dec. 26, to elect a 
minister and two deacons. Bro. Otho Warstler received a 
unanimous vote for minister. Brethren Jonathan Cripe and 
Albert Warstler were chosen deacons. Eld W J. Ki'soii 
was in charge of the meeting, assisted by Brethren W. R. 
Deeter and Isaac Berkey. A two weeks' series of meetings, 
conducted by Bro. J. G. Royer. closed on Sunday night. Dec. 
26. One brother and one sister were received into church 
fellowship and baptized on Christmas Day.— Wm. M. Jones. 
Syracuse, Ind,, Jan. 2. 

Turkey Creek church met in council Dec. 24, our elder, Bro. 
Daniel Wvsong, presiding. Elders Manly Deeter, David An- 
glemver and Joseph Hartsough were with us, and assisted 
in the work Much business came before the meeting, which 
was disposed of in love and union. Five letters were granted, 
and four received. Our Sunday school was reorganized to 
electing a full set of ofncidls and teachers, to continue one 
year Bro Edward Ulerv was chosen superintendent. The 
following Sundav Elder Daniel Wysong installed all those 
chosen In their Sunday-school work. Eld. Daniel Wysong 
resigned as housekeeper of the Turkey Creek congregation, 
which was granted. Eld. Henry Wysong was then chosen as 
our housekeeper for two years. Bro. Henry Wysong and p. 
D Itlerv were chosen as a committee to select a minister, to 
hold a 'series of meetings for us next fall.— Levi D. Ulery. 
R. D. 4. Nappauee, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Upper Pall Creek. — Yesterday we met in council with Bro. 
Teeter presiding. All business was done in a spirit of love 
and unanimity. Three, were received by letter. The writer 
resigned as agent for the Gospel Messenger, and Bro. Paul 
Hoover took up the work. Bro. Teeter urged every church 
member to, take tile, Gospel Messenger, and save us a good 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 


talk along that line. Bro. Hoover also added some good re- 
marks along the same line. Ero. Fadely preached an able 
sermon for us today, followed by Bro. Howard Martin, of 
Fortville. The Home received some boxes of clothing, bed 
clothes and canned fruit.— Florida J. E. Green, Middleton. 
Ind., Dec. 27. 


Coon River. — Bro. Paul Mohler, of Bethany Bible School, 
is in the midst of an interesting Bible Normal at the Panora 
house. Though a young man, he opens our eyes with aston- 
ishment at some things he digs out of texts which some of 
us used before he was born. We expect to be more astonished 
when we see Jesus as he Is! Bro. Brower was anointed last 
Sunday and is improving and hopeful.— J. D. Haughtelin. 
Panora, Iowa, Dec. 24. 

East Nodaway. — Dec. 27 we reorganized our Sunday school 
for the coming year. The writer was elected superintendent. 
After the election of all officers we reviewed the quarter's 
lessons. In the afternoon, at 2 o'clock, we met again and 
listened to a very interesting Christmas program, delivered 
by the children. — B. J. Bashor, Newmarket, Iowa, Dec. 28. 

Greene. — Our meetings closed Dec. Ill with a glorious feast. 
One returned to the fold. Dec. 2G we met in council. Our 
elder not being present, Bro. J. F. Eikenberry presided. Four 
letters of membership were received. Officers were elected 
for the new year, with Bro. Will Flora, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. In place of the quarterly review, last Sunday, a 
program was given. — Lydia Wyatt, Greene, Iowa, Jan. 1. 

Indian Creek church expects Bro. Morris Eikenberry, of 
Dallas Center, to commence a series of meetings at the home 
church, Jan. 10. and will continue at Green Valley and isolated 
points for at least three weeks. Our Sunday school is pro- 
gressing nicely. We have decided to hold midweek prayer 
meetings in the different homes. — Walter L. Troup. Maxwell, 
Iowa, Dec. 28. 

Osceola. — We are still battling against the adversary of 
souls. Our Sunday school is growing in interest. After our 
supplies for the first quarter of 1009 were purchased, we 
had $4.50 left in the treasury. $4.10 of which was used for 
benevolent purposes. Our hearts rejoice to see the children 
coming into the Sunday-school room with bright faces, and 
a penny to give for the Lord's work. A Christmas program 
was rendered on Sunday, Dec. 27, in which about twenty 
children took part. Since our last report one has been re- 
ceived by letter/ Pray for the workers at this place! — Homer 
F. Caskey, Osceola, Iowa, Dec. 2S. 

South. Ottumwa The writer arrived here Dec. 16, to get 

acquainted with the Brethren and also with the city and 
its needs before taking charge of the work. I found here 
a congregation of about thirty members, with Bro. C. E. 
Woif in charge. He came to Ottumwa Jan. 20, 1900. There 
was not a member in the city at that time. He has worked 
unceasingly during the nearly nine years, and has had the 
pleasure of seeing about sixty-six added to the church by 
baptism, reclaimed, or added by letter. During that time 
some have died and some have gone to other fields. They 
have about thirty members at present. Dec. 20 Bro. Wolf 
preached two farewell sermons. The people regret very much 
to have him and his family leave. He preached on Christmas 
morning, which was very much appreciated by all that heard 
him He goes from here to Hutchison, Kans., to open up 
the work in that place. W. A. Sunday, the noted evangelist, 
closed his great evangelistic campaign in Ottumwa Dec. 1G. 
About 3,400 people came to the front and many of them have 
since united with the different churches. The saloons were 
also closed because of the meetings, and by the united efforts 
of ■ all temperance-loving people. There were about forty 
saloons in Ottumwa, which are all closed now. and we are 
praying and working that they may never be opened again. — 
Geo. Burgin, 223 S. Moore Street, -South Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec. 


Burr Oak church met in council "on Saturday afternoon, 
Dec. 26, Bro. Jacob Sloniker presiding. Three letters were 
granted. The Christian Workers' meeting was dropped for 
the present. A committee on program for the Sunday-school 
convention, to be held at this place, sometime next spring, 
was appointed. Bro. J. C. Groff, of Calhan, Colo., who has 
been hero this winter, aiding us in the Master's work, has 
returned to his home in Calhan.— Ray S. Wagoner, Burr Oak, 
Kans., Jan. 1. 

East Maple Grove. — Bro. W. H. Miller, of Independence, 
came to us Dec. 5 and conducted sixteen instructive preach- 
ing services. Several were made to feel their duty in serving 
Christ, but lacked the needed courage to step out on the side 
of right. Dec. 19 Bro. A. D. Crist was advanced to the full 
ministry. He will soon. leave us, and then we will be without 
a minister. — Jas. A. Miller, Edgerton, Kans., Jan. 1. 

Lamed church met in council Dec. 12, Bro. M. Keller pre- 
siding. Sister Stella Weaver was chosen as president of 
Christian Workers. Together with our junior band, the Chris- 
tian Workers will give a program on the evening of Dec. 25. 
There were seven received by letter. Our solicitor reported 
$13.50. This was decided to be used in the Larned Mission. 
The church' also met in a special council Thursday evening, 
to arrange things for the Mission. Bro. Jones and family 
arrived Dec. 9, and began their labors today. — Lai a Hylton, 
Darned, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Havarre. — Services were held at the church on Christmas 
Day by the home ministers. On Sunday following our Sun- 
day school was reorganized. Bro. Elmer Hoffman was 
elected superintendent and Oren Kock, secretary and treas- 
urer. An offering, amounting to $10.50. was taken for the 
Children's Home' Society. — Elvlna Cline, Navarre, Kans., Dec. 

Paint Creek church convened In quarterly council Dec. 27, 
with Bro. Crumpacker presiding. Not many were present, 
but the business was all satisfactorily disposed of. Two 
letters were granted. A collection was taken on Sunday be- 
fore Christmas, amounting to $3.65, and sent to the St. 
Joseph Mission, to help in the Christmas dinner. Sunday,. 
Dec. 28, we enjoyed two interesting sermons by Bro. Ruff, of 
Oklahoma. Other ministers, passing by, are invited to preach 
for us. — Annie Richard, Unlontown, Kans., Dec. 30. 

Pleasant Grove. — Dec. 19 Bro. O. H. Yereman came to US 
and stayed until Christmas eve, when other engagements 
called him away. He gave us seven excellent sermons: also 
a half-hour lecture on "Life in India," before each service, 
which was very Interesting and appreciated by all. — Martha 
Forth, Baldwin, Kans.. Dec. 25. 

Pleasant View congregation met on Christmas morning to 
listen to a discourse from our aged brother, John Wise, after 
which a collection was taken, half of which is to be given to 
the Denver Mission and the other half to the Child-saving 
Fund, of McPherson, Kans. Dec. 26 we met in council, Bro. 
A. F. Miller in charge. Bro. John *F. Showalter was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent. We decided to hold our love 
feast May 1, commencing at 2 P. M. — A. W. Finfrock, Dar- 
low, Kans., Dec. 30. * 


Roanoke. — Sunday, Dee. 27. was a day of rejoicing' among 
the members of our congregation. After the Sunday-school 
review we had our regular church services. Eld. A. A. Sutter 
gave us an inspiring sermon. It seemed as if the whole 
house was filled with the Holy Spirit. At the close of the 
services a husband and wife were restored. This event en- 
courages us to pray more earnestly for the lost. — J. I. Miller, 
Roanoke, La., Dec. 28. 

Mt, Zion. — On Thanksgiving Day Eld. Caleb Long preached 
a good sermon, after which a collection was taken for world- 
wide missions. Dec. IS Bro. McCnnn came to us and gave a 
much appreciated talk on India. On Saturday evening he 
gave a strong sermon on Christian assurance, after which a 
collection was taken for missions. — Katie S. Grossnlcklc, 
Booncsboro. Md., Dec. 24. 

EJ.i'l ;vi?i y Church met in council Dec. 30. Our elder, G. S. 
Rairlgh, presided. Two letters were granted, one letter was 
received, and one member was restored. Sunday-school offi- 
cers were reelected for the next six months. Steps were 
taken towards organizing a teacher-training class In the near 
future. The semiannual missionary collections, which wore 
taken In June and December, including the harvest meeting 
collection, amounting to $10. S3, are to bo equally divided be- 
tween the world-wide and home mission funds; also our 
monthly Sunday-school missionary collections for six months, 
amounting to $22.31. The church decided to hold two series 
of meetings in 1909, one to- be held In August and one in 
November.— Debora King, Denton, Md,, Dec. 31. 


Harlan church met in council Dec. 26. Our older not being 
present. Bro. Chas. Dear do iff directed the meeting. Three 
letters of membership were received, and one was granted. 
We organized Christian Workers' meeting, with Bro. Charles 
DeardoriT, president and Sister Lizzie Kllnglesmith, secretary. 
Dec. 27 we reorganized our Sunday school, with Bro. H. A. 
Weller. superintendent and Bro. Alford Craven, secretar] 
We have an evergreen Sunday school, with an attendance of 
from fifty to sixty. We expect quite an increase In our 
scliool the beginning of the year. — Rosa Weller, R. D. 2, 
Copemish, Mich,, Dec. 30. 

Vestaburg. — Eld. Geo. E. Stone, of Crystal, enmo to us 
Dec, 12 and remained until Dec. 27. He preached seventeen 
sermons. We have one applicant for baptism. Three mem- 
bers had been received by letter previous to these meetings. 
"We feel that his strong, forceful sermons will do all of na 
much good. — Lottie M. Bollinger, R. D. 2, Vestaburg, Mich., 
Dec. 27. 

Woodland church convened on the last day of the old year 
in :i liieentcimiiil' meeting, Tin- meeting was very Inti resting 
Our elder, J. M. Smith, preached to us on Christmas. A col- 
lection of $5.50 was" sent to the needy in Chicago. Our sisters" 
aid society also sent a box of bedding with the collection, 
We expect our home ministers to conduct a series of meet- 
ings for us in the near future. — Anna Christian. Woodland, 
Mich., Jan. 2. 


Cabool church met in council Dec. 26. Our elder, F. W. 
Dove, being unable to attend, Bro. C. W. Gitt presided. All 
the business for the year was disposed of pleasantly. The 
following officers were elected: Brethren C. W. Gltt, J. J. 
Wassam and Peter Garst, trustees for the new church in 
Cabool; Bro. Roy Parrott, church clerk; Sister Jeannette 
Plarris, chorister; Sister Addle Gray, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; the writer, church correspondent. At the close of 
the meeting an offering of $32 was taken for the church 
f Un d. — Edgar R. Harris, Cabool, Mo., Dec. 26. 

Oak Grove church met in quarterly council Dec, 26. Not 
much business came before the meeting. Since our last re- 
port we have had a good series of meetings, conducted by 
Bro. Hardy, assisted by the home ministers. Five were added 
to the church by baptism. The members were much strength- 
ened.— P. If. Killingsworth, R. D. 2, Collins, Mo., Dec. 28, 

Skidmore. — Our interesting meetings, held by Bro. B. F. 
Heckman, closed Christmas night. The attendance was good. 
Four were baptized and one was reclaimed. We foci that 
this meeting has been a great help to our church as well as 
to the neighborhood.— Ruby Crist, Skidmore, Mo., Dec. 28. 

South Saint Joseph Mission.— Our meetings, now in prog- 
ress, conducted by Bro. D. F. Sink, of Lenox, Iowa, have been 
well attended from the start. The attendance each evening 
Is so large that we cannot seat all In our meetinghouse. 
Fourteen have been added by baptism and four reclaimed. 
Our district Sunday-school superintendent has made arrange- 
ments for a joint Sunday-school convention for North and 
South St. Joseph. The first session will be in North St. 
Joseph, on Saturdav evening. Jan. 9, at 7 P. M. The second 
session will be Jan. 10. in South St. Joseph at 10 A. M.— 
.f. W. Garrett, 315 Massachusetts Avenue, Soutii St. Joseph, 
Mo., Dec. 29. 


Kalispell. — Bro. John Hartsough, of Perth, N. Dak,, came 
to this place Dec. 18, and began meetings on the 20th, in the 
home of Bro. Milton Davis. The seven sermons which he 
delivered were soul cheering. The small Bock here was 
greatly encouraged. This was the first opportunity that our 
neighbors and friends, in this part of the city, had, to listen 
to the Brethren. Bro. Early, who Is our elder, Uvea nine 
miles east of us, and was present also. He Is getting Old 
and feeble, but continues in the Master's service. We hope 
and pray that some minister may soon be prompted to come 
to this beautiful valley. Here is a great harvest field. From 
here Bro. Hartsough goes to Columbia Falls to begin a series 
of meetings. If any of our members should pass through 
this valley, we would greatly appreciate having them stop 
wit )i us.— Mary C. Davis, R. D. 3, Kalispell. Mont., Dec. 2.1. 

Medicine Lake. — Dec. 27, we had Sunday school at Bro, 
Cookson's home. School elected officers as follows: Bro. 
David Mootheart. superintendent; Sister Francis Cookson, seo- 
retary and treasurer. Our Sunday school is Increasing In 
numbers. We had afternoon exercises, songs and recitations 
by Hie Sunday-school scholars, which were very much en- 
joyed by all. A treat was given the children.— Katie E. 
Kelfer, Enterprise, Mont., Dec. 28. 


Enders. — On Thanksgiving Day the church and her neigh- 
bors gathered for special servicer. The forenoon was de- 
voted to egressions of praise and thanksgiving by those 
in senl instead of the usual sermon. After dinner a (InO 
program was rendered by the children. The day was very 
profitably spent. The church and community have been 
greatly blessed during the past year, and most of thOSO III 
attendance were willing publicly to praise God for It.— 
David G. Wine, Enders. Nebr., Dec. 27. 


Buchanan.— In this land of sunshine we are endeavoring 
to build up the cause of the Master. We have a union Sun- 
day school, and use, In part, the Brethren literature. Nine 
members have taken up homesteads here during the past 
year. Today being Christmas, we met at the home of our 
elder for worship. Any members desiring to locate here and 
help build up the church, may address the writer with en- 
closed stamp, for information.— Otis Welmer, Buchanan, 
New Mexico, Per. 25, 


Cando church held her council recently, electing church 
officers for the ensuing year. It was also decided to have 
Eld, J. C. Soihert conduct a series of meetings In the city 
church of Cando. Bro. Seibert Is spending the winter here 
with his children. Sister Emma Kesler will be the corre- 
spondent hereafter, from this church.— M. P. Llchty. Zlon, 
N. Dak., Dec. 20. 

Pleasant Valley. — Our meetings in York closed Dec. 20. 
Three made the- good choice. We held meetings on Christmas 
Day at the Hill house. Bro. Thos. Allan pleached. We ex- 
pect to reorganize our Sunday school at the Hill house next 

Sunday, Jan. ;;, Our Sunday school In York Is progressing 
nicely.— Bertha Allan, York, N. Dak., Dec. 28. 

Surrey church met In council Dec. 26, with Bro. D. M. 
Shorb presiding. Much business came before the meeting. 
Bro C E. Dresher waa reelected Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. Li. . l-.iui ni.-h.i-, M. ■ ■<■.,.!, K ,-\- uncut, and the writer, cor- 
responding secretary, Wo have decided to devote the hour 
preceding the church Bervlco of each Sunday evening, in song 
S|,| ' vl '''' liii.-rspors.'d Willi liihlo talks or readings, to be con- 
ducted by Sister J. M. Myers, the same to continue for the 
nexl three months. Our Sunday school continues to grow 
in interest, Bro. I>. M, Shorb preached on Sunday. Dec 27 

both morning and evening to Interested Uences.— Manor v l 

Lambert, Surrey, N. Dak,, Dec. 29. 

White Book,— Christmas Day we met at the church for an 
all-day meeting, After an opening address by Bro. Luther 
si, ; , ii... w „ had si-loci romlhiiVN, i velin t Ions, and songs We 
Closed by an offering for the China Mission. Sunday Dec 
2,, Instead of the review, our Sunday-school superintendent 
hail an appropriate program of charactov sketches of the 
Bible men.— Hannah Dunning, Denbigh, N, Dak., Doc. 28. 

_ Maiunoo church met in council Dec, 2ff, with Bro. G W 
Sellers presiding. Bro, Sellers Is to be our housekeeper for 
one year. Bro, C, S, Klntner was advanced to the second 
degree ol the ministry. One letter was granted.— John Spon- 
sellor, Sherwood, Ohio, Deo, 20. 

Morcer church tnei In council Dec, 19, Eld. B. f. Snyder, 
of Belief on tulno, presiding. All business passed oft pleas- 
antly. Bro. H. F. Snyder gave us three good sormous. He 
will he back In four weeks. Our Sunday school Is moving 
along nicely,— Katie Shellaherger, Mend. in, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Middle District Church met in council Dec. 10. Brethren 
Samuel Snell, S. A. Blessing, Jesse K. Brumbaugh L A 
Bpokwalter, D. p. Sollenbergor and Jacob Coppoek, were 
present, the lattor being chosen older In charge for one year 
Sunday-school officers were elected Cor six months, with Bro 
O. C. Sollonberger us superintendent. Bro. John P. Miller 
whs chosen clerk tor one year.- -Jos. n. Stark, R, D. 1 Tad- 
mnr, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Middlo District.— sisie, n, r /.ei Coppoek is president or the 
Christian Workers' mooting, Bro. 1.. A, Bookwalter came to 
us Deo, -» in preach Che dedication service; he also preached 
In the evening.— Jos. H. stark, R. D, i, Box 78, Tudmor, Ohio 
Dec IS. 

North Star church met. In council last Saturday afternoon 
Bro, David [lolllngor presided. Business was disposed of 
agreeably. Church Officers were elected for the coming year. 
Bro. C. D Miller was elected Sunday-school superintendent 
Bro. Dorsey [•Iodsdon, of Huntington, Ind., began a protraeted 
meeting on the evening of the same day.— Maggie Halladay 
N'ew Weston, Ohio, Dec, 28, 

Richland.— Our meetings In the. Richland church have not 
closed, as was recently stated In the Mosscnger. On Christ- 
mas Day seven were baptized. Others are counting the cost. 
The attendance and interest are most excellent.— Reuben 
Kliroyer, Now Berlin, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Salem.— Khl. Ii. |>\ fetry, of Ohio, has been with us nearly 
four weeks, giving us thirty-seven spiritual sermons. His 
untiring efforts wen- groatly appreciated. One was restored 

to membership and eleven were ,- tlved by baptism.— N. W. 

Sollenberger, it, d. I, Union, Ohio, Deo. 20. 

Silver Creek congregation gives tho f- wing as a report 

of the work .lone during the year IflOH: One was received 
by baptism, throi restored, two wore taken from our midst 
by death, six letters of membership were granted, two den- 

eiois were elected ami Iwo Series of meetings held. We now 

liavt ehier, three ministers, "n loacons and two wid- 
owed deae sses. The total m.-inlmrsli ip Is 121— Noah Long 

Pioneer, Ohio, Dee, 80, 

Wolf Crook. -Urn, David Stutsman, of Dayton. Ohio, held 
a seri.s of meetings at tho Evoraolo house, which lasted 
throe weeks and closed with four baptized. The meetings 
com i d Nov, 22 and closed Dec. 13, Wo had a good at- 
tendance. — D. A. LaiullB, R. D. i, Brookvllle, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Mt. Hope ehoi'.li met In council on Christmas and elected 
Sunday-school officers, with Bro. J. ll. Keller, superintendent 
ami Sister Clay Dillon, secretary. Some oiembers have ro- 
cently located near tho church, which win enlarge the at- 
leu.lanee „| Sunday school. We expect a few more members 
111 locate wl s soon,- D. II. Hitter, it. D, I, Crescent, Okla.. 

Oak Orovo,— Dee, 2G the 
net lii council, with Kid 

an. I Son. lav school officers 

Several lei (VI I I I'r.m 

■mbers of the Oak Grove church 
W, l.andls In charge. Church 

ire elected for the ensuing year. 

1 and some were received. We 
are weak numerically, but begin the new year with renewed 
zeal, hoping to accomplish something for tho Lord. The 

services on last S lav weri well attended, about fifty being 

In a I tendance at Sunday school, — W. R. Brubaker, Chandler, 

Okla., i'ee. 30. 

Stillwater.- Tin- members here feel much built up, as eight 
more members have moved here, one being nn elder. We now 
hav i went j -three members. « Ine year ogo wo had only 
thirteen. Several families will move here In the' spring. 

Stillwater Is located In a g I farming country. This would 

he a good place for sum.- of our Brethren.^, it. «'ox, Still- 
water, Okla., Dee. 29, 




" Write what thou sccst, and send it unto the churches." 


Today, Dec. 24, wc closed our first District Bible School, 
We have all been made to rejoice, and (eel that it was 
good i" be here. Bro. G. M. Lauvcr, of the Bethany 
Bible School, was in charge of the work, and gave us 
from five to seven lessons daily. The Bible was made 
tn talk, and its divine truths were so illuminated that 
many of us could see their splendor and glory, as we 
never could before. Its power was felt, and will surely 
manifest itself in our future lives." 

The attendance was fully up to the committee's ex- 
pectation. About forty students were in regular attend- 
ance al tlic classes, besides the visitors. Bro. D. M. 
Click, of Tekoa, Wash., who recently made a tour around 
the world, was with us, and for six evenings, gave his 
interesting stcreopticon views and lectures to a well-filled 

Twelve churches were represented in the school, and 
we feel that the inspiration they wilt carry back to their 
fields of labor will be a power for good in our Master's 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 

vineyard. Those who missed this Pentecostal meeting 
are urged not to neglect the next one. This has already 
been arranged for, to convene a year hence. It is the 
plan of the committee to make this District Bible School 
a permanent institution, as fast as the way may open, 
and the Holy Spirit direct. We hope and pray for this. 
It will mean the outlay of some of our means, but oh, 
what a happy, blessed privilege, thus, to spend our means, 
rather than suffer the lamentable loss of it all. James 
5: 1-3. Brethren, let us think, pray and act on this nowl 
Olympia, Wash,, Dec. 24. J. S. Secrist. 


For the first time, in the history of our Sunday school, 
here at the College, we had, what is called, a "giving" 
Christmas program, last Wednesday evening, Dee. 23. 
We had well-prepared exercises, and at the close of these, 
the "giving" began. It was announced beforehand that 
"everybody was expected to give something, and so 
come prepared to bring clothing, underwear, shoes, dress 
goods, toys, flour, potatoes, apples, soap, pin cushions, 
money,— anything that could be used among the poor," 
and then it would be sacked up and sent to the missions 
at Kansas City, Kans., Denver, Colo., and Wichita, Kans. 
Some things were also to be given to the poor in our 
own city. Among other things we got one dozen dressed 
chickens, which, with apples and potatoes, were placed 
in baskets, and distributed among the needy here at home. 
Some canned goods and eatables were boxed and sent 
to Wichita. One sack of clothing went to Wichita, three 
sacks of clothing were sent to the Kansas City Mission, 
and two sacks to the Denver Mission. We received 
§31.11 in cash, and distributed this among the above 
mission points. We are inclined to think that a "giv- 
ing" Christmas pays. "It is more blessed to give than 
to receive." Perhaps some others will try it next year. 

McPherson, Kans., Dec. 28. F. A. Vaniman. 


The true Gospel was given to be preached everywhere. 
Here, in Nebraska, is one of the places where we greatly 
need it. A few of the Brethren have taken up home- 
steads in this vicinity, but are deprived of the joy and 
privileges of the Brethren services. 

Kearney is our nearest place, and that is too far away 
for us to attend love feasts and council meetings, — the 
influence and help of which we so much need. 

We are anxious to have some of our ministers con- 
duct a series of meetings for us. A few weeks ago the 
Free Methodists held revival meetings here. Some were 
convicted of sin, who would like to hear the Brethren be- 
fore they identify themselves with any religious body. 
There are many here who know practically nothing 
about the Church of the Brethren. 

There is also a good opening for those of our people 
who are wanting homes. Come and investigate our 
country. We are in the homestead belt, opened under 
the Kincaid law. Each person, having a full homestead 
right, is allowed to take 640 acres. We will take pleasure 
in giving any information desired. J. H. Hardman. 

Dec. 20. 


We have always believed and advocated that mission 
work in cities does not need to wait for emigration, but 
that good work, which ultimately brings about the es- 
tablishing of churches, could and should be done in all 
large cities. 

With' this thought before us, and also with the hope 
of encouraging others, permit us to say, that Oct. 12, 
1905, three members, — wife, little daughter Mabel, aged 
eight, and myself, arrived in Chico. The nearest con- 
gregation of the Church of the Brethren was about 
twenty-five miles away. We soon secured a home and 
began work, with the problem before us of making a 
living and to carry on mission work besides. 

At first it seemed almost impossible to find a suitably 
located house in which to worship. The Missionary 
Baptists owned a small chapel in this part of town, and 
we secured permission to hold meetings in it. We held 
two series of meetings, with large and intensely inter- 
ested audiences. By this time Brother and Sister Kline 
had returned from Kansas and were with us. 

During the year 1906 we held meetings and worked in 
the Baptist Sunday school, the writer teaching the Bible 
class, and wife teaching one of the smaller classes, be- 
sides visiting from house to house and distributing tracts. 

About Jan. 28, 1907, Bro. Jesse Overholtzer, of the Sac- 
ramento church, came to us and held a two weeks' series 
of meetings. These were glorious meetings, though it 
rained nearly all of the time. Feb. 10 two sisters were 
baptized. Some time previous to this the Baptists held 
out great inducements to us, if we would only join in 
with them, going so far as practically to promise me a 
salary of $900 per year. We thanked them, telling them 
that we had all the religion that they practiced and much 
more. When it became evident to them that they could 
not secure us, and that we were gaining ground, they 
refused to let us -have the use of their chapel any longer, 
and made this fact known to us March 28. 

We then cleared the front room' of our dwelling, and 
began holding services in our home. April 10 a sister 
was baptized. About this time some of the adjoining 
brethren came, and assisted in our meetings. During 
the latter part of June we organized our Sunday school, 
with Sister Peebler, superintendent; Sister Ida Flick- 
inger, now of Raisin, Cal., secretary and treasurer; Sis- 
ter Lizzie Flickinger, teacher of the infant class, and 
the writer, teacher of the Bible class. At first we gave 
each child a penny for attendance, also one for each new 
pupil they brought into the Sunday school. Our Sunday 
school increased very rapidly. It soon became a ques- 
tion of teachers rather than scholars. 

July 12 we moved our services into a house which a friend 
had built, with the understanding that our people and 
another denomination use the house for a year, at $10 
per month. Our school continued to increase until in 
December, when we were having an attendance of from 
fifty-five to sixty-five. Up to this time we met most of 
the expenses ourselves, such as. rent, fuel, oil, etc. Then 
the District Mission Board became interested in the work, 
and assisted in meeting some of the expenses. Bro. Flick- 
inger also helped us a great deal while he was here. 

About May 1, 1908, Bro. Hiram Forney, of Goshen, Ind., 
was sent here by the Mission board, to take charge of 
the work. Soon after his arrival he began a two weeks' 
meeting, and two more sisters were baptized. Later, two 
of the Sunday-school boys were baptized. 

At the district meeting, in October, arrangements were 
made for organization; also for purchasing a lot on which 
to build a house. Dec. 7 we were organized into a church 
body. This closes our three years' experience in city 
mission work. 

While our experience has required sacrifice and self-de- 
nial, and we have not increased in worldly goods as 
some, and possibly have been at a loss financially, yet 
we feel well repaid and believe that God will give us 
the blessing of having been humble instruments in his 
hands of doing a work that has led to the planting of 
a church jn one of the largest cities in Northern Cali- 
fornia. In all of our experience in mission work, this has 
been one of the most interesting to ourselves. 

And now, that the church is organized, and there is 
plenty of talent here to carry on the work, we feel that 
our work at this place is finished, and that perhaps the 
Lord has work for us elsewhere. Already we are look- 
ing around for another field of labor, hoping that the 
Lord will bless and keep us as he has in time past. 

Chico, Cal., Dec. 20. A. J. Peebler. 


" What therefore Cod has joined together, let not man pi 

t asunder." 

Mwrlngo jiGtk'r? thoiiM be iK.vomi'niik-.l by fiO ceuts. 

Bobb-SpideL — By the undersign eo, at the home of the 
bride in Cerro Gordo, 111., Dec. 13, 1908, Bro. Daniel M. Bobb, 
of Mayvllle, N. Dak., and Sister Sarah E. Spidel. 

A. L. Bingaman. 

Bnckwalter-Myer. — Dec. 24, 190S, by the undersigned, Bro. 
Joel W. Buckwalter and Sister Lizzie A. Myer, both of Dan- 
caster County, Pa. I. W. Taylor. 

DUling-Kestle. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Kestle, Dec. 15, 1908, Bro. 
Earl Dilling, son of Eld. David Dilling, and Miss Mae Kestle, 
all of "White County, Ind. J. C. Murray. 

Grossnickle-Black. — By the writer, Dec. 17, 1908, at 1607 
Edmondson Avenue, Baltimore, Md., Bro, Roy C. Grossnickle, 
of Baltimore, Md., and Miss Tressa M. Black, of Carroll 
C6unty, Md. ■ J. S. Geiser. 

Jonnson-Vancil.— By the undersigned Dec. 24, 190S, at the 
home of the bride's parents, Thomas J. Vancil, Bro. Bertie E. 
Johnson, of York, N. Dak., and Sister Tena May Vancil, of 
Girard. 111. J. H. Brubaker. 

Kltzel-Snavely — By the undersigned, at Lincoln, Nebr., 
Dec. 17, 1908, Mr. Oscar J, Kitzel and Sister Edyth Snavely, 
both of Alvo, Nebr. D. G. Couser. 

Martin -Heinaman. — At the home of the bride, by the under- 
signed, Dec. 24, 1908, Bro. Ira Martin and Sister Edna Heina- 
man, both of Ephrata, Pa. David Kllhefner. 



"Blessed are the dead 

which die iu the Ivard." 

Ann stroma'' Friend John A., died in the bounds of the North 
Bend church, Ohio, Dec. 14, 1908, aged 65 years and 7 months. 
He was married to Keziah Horn. To this union were born 
seven children, six of whom and his companion survive. 
Services by Eld. C. J. "Workman, at the North Bend church. 
Interment in the adjoining cemetery. J. E. Daugherty. 

Arnett, Bro. John B., son of Jacob and Rachel Arnett, born 
in Montgomery County, Ohio, near Phillipsburg, Aug. 11, 
1827, died near Potsdam, Ohio, Dec. 23, 1908, aged 81 years, 
4 months and 12 day's. Nov. 2, 1848, he was married to 
Margaret Arnold, to which union were born four sons and 
four daughters. Sister Arnett passed to the other world 
Dec. 14, 1887, since which time Bro. Arnett has been living 
with his children. He was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for sixty years. He leaves two sons, two daughters, 
one brother and one sister. Services by Eld. Jesse Stutsman. 

Levi Minnich. 

Baldwin, William Thomas, born near Leesburg, Va., Aug. 
15, 1832, died Nov. 25. 190S. in the bounds of the Hurricane 
Creek congregation, 111. He suffered much from rheumatism. 
His death was due to heart failure. In 1852 he was married 
to Iva Bounds, who died Sept. 10, 1872. To this union were 
born seven children. One son and one daughter survive. 
Services by Bro. Henry Lllligh, of Mulberry Grove. Inter- 
ment in the Noftsinger cemetery. Eunice Baldwin. 

Biii-don, Clarence M., died of Bright's disease in Goshen, 
Elkhart Co,, Ind., Dec. 2, 1908, aged 2 years, 11 months and 
20 days. His father preceded him July 22, 1906. His mother 
survives him. Emma Garver. 

Bechtel, Bro. David S., born in Bedford County, Pa., died 
Nov. 18, 1908, at his home near Shellytown, Pa., of heart 
trouble, aged 76 years, 1 month and 29 days. He spent the 
last fourteen years of his life in total blindness, but was 
always cheerful and pleasant. For many years, until blind- 
ness Interfered, lie served the church as deacon. Services by 
the writer from John 14: 1. Interment in New Enterprise 
church cemetery, at which place short services were again 
held. W. H. Holsinger. 

Beetem, William, died Dec. 15. 1908, near his home at 
Huntsdale, Pa., aged 51 years, 3 months and 21 days. He 
was engaged In digging a well, when the heavy bucket be- 
came detached as it was about to be swung to the surface, 
and, dropping to the bottom, struck him In such a manner 
that life was extinct when he was reached by his fellow- 
workmen. He leaves a wife, two sons, two brothers and 
three sisters. Services by Eld. J. D. Games, assisted by 
Bro. W. I. Sheaffer, from Hosea 5: 9. Interment in the 
Huntsdale cemetery. A. A. Evans. 

Brock, Bro. Adam, died in the bounds of the Rockingham 
congregation, Ray Co., Mo., Deo. 14, 190S, aged S3 years and 
2 months. He was born in Rockingham County, Va. He 
married Catharine Van Trump. He moved to Carroll County, 
Mo., in 1S72. He was a member of the church for thirty-five 
years. Sister Brock preceded him in death. Eleven children 
survive him. Services by J. S. Kline and the writer. 

S. B. Shirky. 

Brumbaugh, Sister Elizabeth, wife of Eld. John H. Brum- 
baugh, died in the bounds of the Fairview congregation, Pa., 
Dec. 21, 1908, of cancer, aged 43 years, 4 months and 2 days. 
She suffered much for about two years. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren early in life and remained faithful 
until death. The husband, four children and seven step- 
children survive. Services by Brethren A. B. Burget and 
James D. Brumbaugh. Interment in the Metzker cemetery. 

W. H. Holsinger. 

Claycomb, Esther Pearl, died at the home of her parents, 
Henry and Rebecca Claycomb, near Fishertown, Bedford 
County, Pa., Dec. 8, 1908, aged 19 years, 1 month and 11 days. 
She was a granddaughter of Eld. J. B. Miller. Services by 
the writer at the Stone church. Interment in the adjoining 
cemetery. Levi Rogers. 

Conkle, Sister Sarah, nee Roof, born in Brown Township. 
Knox Co., Ohio, Dec. 15, 1832, died Dec. 20, 1908, at Danville, 
Ohio, aged 76 years and 5 days. Her husband, "Wm. Conkle, 
preceded her about ten yea»s ago. To them, were born nine 
children, four of whom, with three sisters and one brother, 
survive. She was a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren for about forty-five years. Services by Eld. C. J. 
Workman. Interment in the Danville cemetery. 

J. E. Daugherty. 

Davis. Bro. Joseph, died very suddenly of heart trouble, at 
the home of his son-in-law. in the bounds of the Clear .Creek 
church, Salem County, Mo., Dec. IS, 1908. aged 67 years, 8 
months and 9 days. He was born In Belmont County, Ohio. 
In 1S52 he, with his parents, moved to Indiana. In June, 
1863, he was married to Caroline Dennis, and moved to 
Missouri in 1365. To this union were born one son and six 
daughters. He was a member of the Church of the Brethren 
for thirteen years, and a deacon for eight years. He leaves 
wife, one son, six daughters, one sister and one brother, one 
brother having preceded him just one month. Services at 
the Clear Creek church by Eld. Moses Cruea, from John 11: 
25. Interment in the cemetery near by. Tabitha Cruea. 

Betrick, Stella Grace, died at the home of her parents in 
the Beaver Creek congregation, Va., Dec. 16, 1908, after an 
operation for appendicitis, aged 10 years, G 'months and 11 
days. She leaves a father, mother, two brothers and five 
sisters. Services at Beaver Creek church by Bro. J. D. 
Glick, assisted by Eld. H. G. Miller. Text, 1 Thess. 4: 14. 

Delphia S. Click. 

Drake, Bro. Moses, born Feb. 12, 1837, died Dec. 17, 1908, 
at his home in Elkhart County, Ind., five miles east of Nap- 
panee, aged 71 years, 10 months and 5 days. He was married 
to Saloma Stump Dec. 27, 1860. To this union three sons 
and three daughters were born. Wife, one daughter, and 
two sons survive. Deceased united with the Church of the 
Brethren a number of years ago. to which he remained faith- 
ful till death. Services at the Union Center church by the 
undersigned, assisted by Eld. Joseph Hartsough, from Josh. 
1: 9. . Daniel Wysong. 

Eby, Harold B., infant son of Harry and Macy Eby, died 
Dec. 25, 1908, in the Pleasant Valley congregation, Ind., aged 
5 months and 1 day. Father, mother, three sisters and one 
brother survive. Services by the writer. J. H. Fike. 

Evans, Bro. J. H., died in the Rockingham congregation, 
Ray Co., Mo., of tuberculosis, Nov. 24, 1903, aged 70 years. 
He was a member of the Church of the Brethren about 
twenty-five years. His last companion and seven children 
survive him. Services bv the writer from Matt. 17; 1-5. 

S. B. Shirky. 

Punk, Bro. John, born in Washington County, Md., October, 
1828, died at his home in Smoketown, Md., Nov. 6, 1908, aged 
80 years. Bro. Funk was the oldest deacon in the Beaver 
Creek congregation, serving in that capacity over- fifty years. 
He was twice married, his wives being sisters, daughters of 
Peter Fahrney. Three children survive him. Services at 
Mt. Zlon conducted by Elders Caleb Long and J. O. Butter- 
baugh from Rev. 21: 25. Interment in cemetery adjoining, 
Katie S. Grossnickle. 

Gordon, Sister Caroline, died at the home of her son. Jacob, 
In Somerset County, Pa., Oct. 30, 1908. aged 81 years, 4 
months and 27 days. Her husband, Bro. Jacob Gordon, pre- 
ceded her some years ago. She leaves five sons. Services by 
Eld. J. B. Miller, at Helixville, In Bedford County. Interment 
in the adjoining cemetery. Lev! Rogers. 

Goshorn, Earl R., born in Coal City, Ind.. July 15, 18S3, 
died Dec. 18, 1903, at the home of his father, in Clay City, 
Ind., aged 25 years, 6 months and 3 days. April 9, 1902, he 
left school, home and friends, to enter the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, Elgin, 111., as a valued worker. May 28. 1902, 
he united with the Church of the Brethren, remaining a 
faithful member to the close of his life. May 16, 1905, he 
' was married to Sister Mabel C. Blough, who, with one son, 
survives. He also leaves father, mother, three sisters and 
one brother. After a painful illness of some months, he 
quietly fell asleep in Jesus. Services by Eld. Galen B. 
Royer from Psa. 116: 15. • • * 

Gougluaour, Bro. David, born near Johnstown, Pa., July 30, 
1836, died at Batavia, Iowa, Dec. 19, 190S, aged 72 years, 4 
months and 20 days. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren about three months prior to his death. He was 
married to Lavina Haney, to which union eight children 
were born, three having preceded him. Wife, three daugh- 
ters, two sons, two brothers and three sisters survive. Serv- 
ices by the writer, from John 14: 3. D. Holder. 

Helmick, Sister Martha J., wife of Bro. Henry Helmick, 
born Oct. 3. 1869. died in the Sugar Lands congregation, W. 
Va., Dec. 19, 1908, aged 39 years, 2 months and 16 days. 
She was a member of the Church of the Brethren for 
twenty-two years. She leaves husband, five children, father, 
mother, five brothers and 1 three sisters. Services by the 
writer in the Sugar Lands church. Text, Rev. 22: 14. In- 
terment in the cemetery near by. Albert S. Arnold. 

Holler, Robert F., died at his home near Cherry Grove, Va.. 
Dec. 15, 1908, aged 81 years, 7 months and 18 days. Services 
bv Eld. I. C. Myers. Text, "For the living know that they 
shall die." L. Katie Ritchie. 

Hoover, Sister Elizabeth, died within the bounds of the 
Pleasant Vajley congregation, near Middlebury, Ind., Dec. 20, 
1908, aged 76 years, 7 months and 8 days. She was born in 
Richland County, Ohio.. In 1851 she was married to Joseph 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 


Hoover, to which union were born seven children. Her hus- 
band and three children preceded her. Four survive. She 
and Bro. Hoover were the first members of this congregation, 
being baptized in 1866. Services by the writer, assisted by 
Bro D D. Bollinger and others. Text, Pbilpp. 1: 23. 

J. H. Fike. 

Horning", Sister Maud, nee Hurst, died Dec. 7, 1908. at her 
home in McPherson County, N. Dak., aged 3G years, u months 
and 24 days. The body was laid to rest in the Willow Creek 
"Brethren cemetery Dec. 9, the eighth anniversary of her bap- 
tism and consecration. Two little babes are left to the care 
of her husband. Her noble life goes on in the Sunday-school 
and church work as well as her exemplary home life. 

Eva Heaglcy Hurst. 

Idler, Mildred, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Idler, died 
in Royersford, Fa., of typhoid fever, aged about 6 years. 
She was a member of the Brethren Sunday school. Services 
at the house by the undersigned. A. J. Spacht. 

Isett, Matilda, daughter of William and Hannah Isett, of 
Royersford, Pa., died Dec. 12, 190S, aged 14 years. S months 
and 25 days. She was a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren and a faithful Christian. Services by the undersigned. 

A. J. Spacht. 

Ketm, Verril Trostle, son of Brother and Sister W. H. 
Kelm, born March 11, 1907, in Los Angeles, Cal.. died at the 
same place Dec. 20, 190S, of congestion of the brain, aged 1 
year 9 months and 9 davs. Services in the Glendora church 
by the writer, assisted by Bro. J. W. Cline. Interment in 
the Glendora cemetery. W. H. Wertenbaker. 

Kemper, Isaac Milton, son of Bro. Samuel- Kemper, born 
Nov. 7, 1877, died Nov. 8, 1908, at bis home In Rossville. 
aged 31 years. He was afflicted with diphtheria when two 
years old, which left him an invalid. His mother preceded 
him. Services by Eld. David Metzler. 

Anna E. Gochenauer. 

Lehman, William, born in Lebanon County, Pa.. Sept. 2S, 
1829, died at his home in Pioneer. Ohio, Dec. 25, 1908, aged 
79 years, 2 months and 27 days. He came from Pennsylvania 
to Richland County, Ohio. In 1849. He was married to 
Barbara Fackler March 15, 1855. With his wife he came to 
Williams County, Ohio, in 1859. He united with the Church 
of the Brethren in 1872, and remained faithful. There were 
four daughters and two sons born to him. all of whom were 
present at the time of his burial. He leaves an invalid wife 
and six children. Services by the writer, assisted by the 
Brethren. Text, Heb. 11: 16. J. W. Keiser. 

Miller, John Scott, died suddenly of apoplexy, at his home 
near Fishertown. Pa., Dec. 12, 1908, aged 55 years, 2 months 
and 4 days. He was a member of the Orthodox Friends. He 
leaves a companion and two sons. Services at the Orthodox 
church in Fishertown, by Eld. J. B. Miller and the writer. 
Interment in the Fishertown cemetery. Levi Rogers. 

Neff, Bro. Jacob F., died at his home in the Green Mount 
congregation, Rockingham Co., Va,, Nov. 29, 1908, aged 70 
years, 6 months and 22 days. He had been in declining health 
since last February. Death was due to heart trouble. Bro. 
Neff united with the Church of the Brethren about six years 
ago. He was married three times. His first wife was Miss 
Catherine Myers. From this union are four surviving chil- 
dren. His second wife was Miss Catherine Holler. Seven 
children blessed this union. He is survived by his third 
wife, who was Sister Kate Landis. Services by Eld. I. C. 
Myers from Psa. 11G: 15. Interment in the Green Mount 
cemetery. L. Katie Ritchie.' 

Part, Sister Lettle Ellen, born In Huntingdon County, Pa., 
died in the Fairvlew congregation, Blair Co., Pa., Nov. 5, 
1908, of typhoid fever, aged 40 years. 8 months and 12 days. 
The husband and five children survive. Services by the 
, writer, assisted by Bro. James Murray, of Sterling, Ohio. 
Interment in the Shelly cemetery. W. H. Holslnger. 

Plum, Sister Mary, died at the home of Bro. J. A. Garber 
in the Green Mount congregation, "Va., Dec. 19, 1908, aged 
about 50 years. Death was due to cancer of the bowels. 
She was a great sufferer for several months. Services by 
Elders I. C. Myers and J. A. Garber from Heb. 9: 4. Inter- 
ment in the Green Mount cemetery. L. Katie Ritchie. 

Prowant, Dale, son of Brother John and Sister Clara 
Prowant, died Dec. 18. 1908. near Continental. Ohio, aged 1 
year, 10 months and 14 days. He leaves father, mother and 
one brother. Services at the Blanchard church by Bro. Lytle, 
of Deshler, Ohio. D. P. Wells. 

Short, Sister Mary, nee Kessler, of Rosedale, Ind., was 
born Sept. 9. 1829, and died Dec. 25, 1908, aged 79 years, 3 
months and 16 days. In 1S57 she was united in marriage to 
Isaac Short. To this union were born eight children, five of 
whom survive. She united with the Church of the Brethren 
some years ago, and remained faithful. Services by Bro. 
J. C. Mitchel'from 2 Tim. 4: 1-S. Lunette Mitchel. 

Stout, Lettita, died near High Point, Iowa, in the bounds 
of the Franklin church, Dec. 23, 1908, aged 85 years. 10 
months and 12 days. Deceased was the widow of the late 
Eld. Wm. J. Stout, and was the last of the faithful charter 
members of the Franklin church, organized In 1856. Services 
at the church on Christmas Day by the writer. Text, Psa. 
23: 4; 1 Peter 1: 3. Interment in cemetery adjoining, by 
the side of her husband. L. M. Kob. 

Stutzman, Bro, David, born May 24, 1836, at Johnstown, 
Pa., died at his home, near Wauseon, Ohio, Dec. 13, 190S, 
aged 72 years, G months and 19 days. He was married Nov. 
1, I860, to Mary Ann NIcodemus. This union was blessed 
with four daughters and one son, all of whom, with his 
wife, survive him. In 1870 he came, with his family, to 
Wauseon, Ohio,- and located on the farm where he spent the 
remainder of his life. In 1861 be united with the Church of 
the Brethren, continuing faithful until death. Bro. George 
Sellers, assisted by C. J. Gurney (Evangelical) conducted the 
services. Text, Job 14: 14. Sarah Smith. 

Trostle, Eld. Levi, died in the Rock River church, Lee Co.. 
III., Dec. 17, 1908, aged 78 years, 4 months and 4 days. He 
was born in Adams County, Pel. Aug. 13, 1830. In 3853 he 
was married to Miss Isabel Spangler. To this union eight 
children were born. Two children and his wife preceded him 
in death. Bro. Trostle was a faithful member of the Church 
of the Brethren since thirteen years of age. After serving 
the church for some time as a deacon, he was elected to the 
ministry in 18R2, and later ordained to the eldership. He 
was very spiritual, working faithfully for the Master. Serv- 
ices by Bro. Galen B. Royer. C. M. Suter. 

Walters, Mary, daughter of John and Margaret Crull, born 
in Henry County, Ind., Aug. 26, 1825, died in Huntington. 
Ind- Dec. 17, 1908, f?ed 83 years, 3 months and 11 days. She 
was married to Daniel Walters Sept. 15, 1844. To this 
union were born four daughters and three sons, one daughtei 
having died In infancy. She united with the Church of the 
Brethren in 1S53, and remained a devoted member until 
death. She leaves three sons and three daughters. Her hus- 
band preceded her in 1861. Services in the Salamonle con- 
gregation at the Lancaster house, by Eld. O. C. Ellis. 

Millie Wike. 

Williams, Sister Alice A., born Dec. 9, 1853, died in the 
Johnstown congregation, Pa., Dec. 13, 1908, aged 55 years 
and 4 days. Services held by Eld. Abram Fyock and Br< 
W. M. Howe. Ada M. Beeghly. 

TazeL Sister Nancy M., nee Hippert, born in Auglaize 
County, Ohio, March Z, 1856, died at Tier home in Marshall 
County, Ind., Dec. 16, 1908. aged 52 years, 9 months and 13 
days. She was united in marriage with Jacob Tazel March 
27, 1S75, who preceded her one year ago. To this union were 
born six children, all of whom survive. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren early in life. She was anointed a 
short time prior to her death. Services by the writer, from 
Luke 8: 52. Samuel S. Keller. 

Books for Young People 

:-\ ae' 

_ > 

is Jk^^ 

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Sunflower Stories and Lullabies 

l collection of stories and verses by Miss Olive A. 
Smith, which have appeared 
in "Our Boys and Girls" and 
kindred periodicals. 

Miss Smith is a native of 
Kansas, the Sunflower State, 
hence the title " Sunflower 
Stories and Lullabies." 

The illustrations are un- 
usually fine, consisting of 
numerous halftones and pen 
sketches. Quaint little sun- 
flower faces peer out from 
the pages, and sunflower ini- 
tials introduce the stories. 
One hundred pages of the 
most delightful reading. The 
book is printed from large 
clear type, on a good quality 
of paper. The frontispiece 
is reproduced from a paint- 
ing by David Emmcrt. Hand- 
somely and substantially 
bound, artistic side title. 
Price, prepaid 50 cents 

Bubbles and Other Stories 

A book of 108 poems and stories selected by Edna 
A. Newcomer. A choice book for the boys and girls. 
Illustrated with 8 3 
halftones and pen 
sketches. Printed in 
blue ink, on fine qual- 
ity of calendered pa- 
per. A few of the 
many subjects are 
" Bubbles," "The Lit- 
tle Soldier," " Butter- 
flies," " Her Letters," 
"The Runaway 
Goosie," " Bedtime," 
"A Catnip Tea," "The 
Goose That Grew," 
" Ten Little Smiles," 
" Visiting Grandmoth- 
er," "Who Is She?" 
"Building Pcb blc 
City," "The Doll Hos- 
pital," "Philip's Pet/' 
" If," " When Lcttie 
Reads," " Why the 
Photographer Waited," 
"The Honest Old 
Toad," "The Baby's 
First Steps," "The 
Misfortunes of Bill," 
"Jimmy the News Boy," "Ten Little Pumpkins," "Jimmy 
Fishhook," "A Young Canadian" and "How Mabel 
Helped." A beautiful cover design printed in blue and 
photo-brown inks. Sixty-four large pages, Substantial 
board cover. 
Price, postpaid, 30 cents 

Paul, the Herald of the Cross 

By J. W. Wayland. 

The story of Paul's life is told in 
an interesting and instructive way. 
It will appeal to boys and girls, and 
older persons, too, and will leave 
them the better for reading it. 
Brother Wayland follows the great 
Missionary from youth to death, and 
all the way he holds the attention. 
One cannot read the book without 
feeling a desire to help in spreading 
the Gospel. 105 pages. 

Our Price 30 cents 

(Postage extra, 6 cents.) 

Bible Biographies for the Young 

By Galen B. Royer. 

The story of the life of each character is told in a sim- 
ple yet entertaining and instructive manner. These little 
volumes are highly spoken of by 
some of our best judges of books. 
A set of these little books would be 
a valuable addition to any library. 
Tin: average number of pages in 
each hook is 175. Illustrated. 
Joseph the Ruler. 
Samuel the Judge. 
Moses the Leader. 
Jesus the Savior, Vol. I. 
Jesus the Savior. Vol, 2. 
Daniel the Fearless, 
Ruth the Tnic-Hcarted. 
David the King. 
Esther the Queen. 
John the Baptist. 
Elijah the Prophet. 
Abraham the Faithful. 

Our Price, each, , 25 cents 

(Postage extra, 5 cents.) 

Charlie Newcomer 

By W. B. Stover. 

Five editions of this little volume 
have been printed. It is an inspira- 
tion to any child and will lead many 
of them to think of serving the Lord 
while young. Boys and girls enjoy 
reading it, and we do not know of a 
book which we can 'more heartily 
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it, It is the story of the life of a 
boy of our own day, though perhaps 
of a boy whose heart turned to the 
Lord earlier than is usually the case. 
Give it to the children to read, and 
you will do them good. 69 pages. 

Our Price 17 cents 

(Postage extra, 4 cents.) 

Told at Twilight; or Bible Stories that 
Never Grow Old 

This is a book that is written 
for the little ones, and in such 
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manner that they will ask you 
to read and reread it again to 
them. The author, Sister Eliz- 
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The book is beautifully illus- 

Our price, 25 cents 

(Postage extra, 5 cents.) 

Thrilling Incidents on Sea and Land 

By Geo. D. Zollers. 

The book recounts perilous incidents of travel expe- 
rienced by the author on land and sea. Intermingled 
with the narrative are many useful and practical lessons. 
410 pages. A new and revised edition has just been pub- 
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mate, one of his converts on the vessel, who is now one 
of the leading men of the Fraternity to which he belongs. 

Our Price, $1-05 

(Postage extra, 12 cents.) 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 9, 1909. 

(Concluded from Pag© 29.) 
Thomas.— We met in quarterly council Dec. 26, Eld. J. 
Appleman presiding. Five letters of membership have been 
received since last council. Bro. H. L. Hutchison was elected 
Sundav-school superintendent Cor the next six months It 
was decided that our churchhouse in the country be sold and 
the proceeds used toward erecting another house of wor- 
ship at such a time and location as the church may deem 
best.— Elsie K. Sanger, Thomas. Okla., Dec. 31. 
Portland.— One was received by baptism recently, and two 
bv letter At the close of the Bible Institute, the District 
Mission Board held a meeting, but, on account of the absence 
of one of the official board, they could not finish all their 
work Dec 26 the District Board of Charities held their first 
meeting, and effected a complete organization. The Board is 
now an incorporated body, and will soon have some printed 
matter readv for distribution among the churches of the Dis- 
trict.— Geo. C. Carl, 1126 Albina Avenue, Portland, Oregon, 
Dec. 30. 

Ephtata church met in council Saturday afternoon. Dec. 12. 
One was restored to church fellowship and one received by 
letter The Sunday-school officers were reelected as follows; 
Superintendent. Geo. Weaver; secretary, Wlili£.m Kulp. Bro. 
Wm Minnich, of Ohio, preached for us on Wednesday even- 
ing Dec 16. On Christmas morning the Sunday school en- 
joyed a short, informal service, consisting of talks, readings, 
songs and praver, after which gifts were distributed. Sun- 
day morning, Dec. 27, Bro. S. B. Fahnestock, of Manheim, 
preached for us. All our preaching services are very well 
attended.— Mazie Martin, Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Johnstown church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld, David 
Hildobrand presiding. All business passed eft pleasantly. 
Two were received by letter. Officers were elected for the 
year. Feb. 28 Bro. Daniel Clapper will commence a series 
of meetings in the Moxham house. Our Sunday school and 
Christian Workers' meeting have been reorganized. Bro. 
George Wertz is the superintendent of the Sunday school, 
and Bro. Harvey Berkebile is the president of the Christian 
Workers' meeting.— Ada M. Beeghly, Homestead Avenue, 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Midway. — Our church met in regular council Dec. 2S, with 
Eld. John Herr presiding. Bro. Levi Mohler, of Dillsburg, 
Pa., who has Just opened a series of meetings for us in 
Lebanon, was also present. One was reclaimed, one disowned, 
two letters were granted and one received. We received ten 
applicants for baptism. Bro. Emory P. Trimmer was elected 
superintendent of the Lebanon Sunday school. — A. H. Bru- 
bacher, R. D. 7, Lebanon. Pa.. Dec. 28. 

TJniontown. — The members at this place met in called coun- 
cil Thursday night, Dec. 10, to elect our Sunday-school su- 
perintendents for the coming year. Bro. Chas. Livengood 
was elected superintendent; Dayton Flnnell was appointed 
Messenger agent for this part of the congregation. Special 
services were conducted on Christmas night. An excellent 
program was carried out by the Sunday school. They then 
received a treat. — Mary C. Barnthouse, 8 W. Craig Street, 
TJniontown, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Irving. — Eld. N. F. Brubaker preached three interesting 
sermons here. Then he left for Manvel, Texas, to hold a 
Christmas meeting and love feast. This is only a mission 
point. Wife and I are the only members here.— C. C. Derrick, 
Irving, Texas, Dec. 26. 

Manvel church met in council preparatory to a series of 
meetings and a love feast. Business passed off pleasantly. 
We reorganized our Sunday school with Bro. J. M. Moore, 
superintendent. We have an evergreen Sunday-school, — 
Lydia M. Moore, Manvel, Texas, Dec. 21. 

Portland. — We have no church at this place. It is a goodly 
country, just being opened to settlement. The cattlemen are 
giving up their holdings. Land is reasonable yet, considering 
its productive qualities. Portland is on the gulf coast, about 
200 miles southwest of Galveston. We would gladly wel- 
come any of our members who wish to investigate conditions 
here. — H. D. Blocher, Portland, Texas, Dec. 25. 


Antioch. — A cooperation meeting was held at Antloch, 
Franklin Co., Va., Dec. 26, in which the Antloch, Bethlehem, 
and Germantown congregations participated. They decided 
to continue their mission points In Pittsylvania and Henry 
Counties; also on Snow Creek in Franklin County. They 
also agreed to furnish the ministerial force at Spray, N. C, 
for the next three years. All other business passed off 
quietly.— J. Alfred Flory, Rockymount, Va., Dec. 28. 

Eridgewater. — In my recent report of our council, held In 
Beaver Creek church, Va., Dec. 12, I meant to say that there 
were fifty-seven members transferred from Beaver Creek 
congregation to Eridgewater, Instead of us having fifty-seven 
members left in the Beaver Creek congregation. — Delphia S. 
Click, R. D. 2, Eridgewater, Va., Dec. 28. 

Pleasant Valley church met in council Jan. 1, Eld. S. D. 
Miller presiding. Everything passed off nicely. As the Sun- 
day-school convention is held here this spring, several com- 
mittees were appointed, to see to the necessary arrange- 
ments. Those wishing to come b'y railroad will write Bro. 
S. I. Cline, Weyers Cave, Va. Our missionary committee 
reported J100 spent in the home field, last year, and $20. j 52 in 
the treasury. The church beyond Black Rock Springs is 
completed. The Indebtedness of about $22 was raised. Other 
collections were also taken. The Sunday-school superintend- 
ents for the year are Brethren D. A. Cline and B. F. Click. — 
Ruth E. Williams, Mt. Sidney, Va., Jan. 2. 

Bedoak Grove. — Our elder, W. H. Naff, preached an inter- 
esting sermon for us Dec. 13. He also conducted our prayer 
meeting the same evening at 6:30. We had services on 
Christmas Day, conducted by Eld. M. I. DIckerson and W. H. 
Naff.— Ella Bowman, R. D. 5. Box 44. Floyd, Va., Dec. 28. 

Eoanofce. — At our regular Sunday-school meeting, Dec. 27, 
the Sunday-school officers were elected as follows: Superin- 
tendent, Homer E. Trout: secretary, Pearl E. Skegg. We 
have joy in our hearts this morning, because we can report 
the good news that our city of Roanoke went " dry " yester- 
day with a good majority. We praise the Lord for his help 
in this work. The saloon people are going to contest, but 
we feel no . uneasiness on that account. — Homer E. Trout. 
Vinton, Va., Dec. 31. 


Wenatchee church met in quarterly council Dec. 26, with 
our elder, A. B. Peters, in charge. Considerable business 
was transacted and officers elected. One trustee, Bro. J. 
McMullen, was reelected. Bro. H. Law was reelected clerk. 
Our elders, Brethren A. D. Bowman and J, R. Peters, were 
chosen to select and purchase a library for the Sunday school. 
Bro. J. R. Peters was chosen Sunday-school superintendent, 
this being his third term. Bro. Ralph Bowman was elected 
secretary, and Bro. Chas. Ells, president for Christian Work- 
ers. Permission being given to hold meetings in the "Sev- 
enth Day Advent" church, in Wenatchee, services in private 
homes are recalled. — Maggie Myers, R. D. 2, Wenatchee, 
Wash., Dec. 26. 


Bhlloh congregation met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. Obed 
Hamstead presiding. A collection of $10 was taken up for 
church purposes. We decided to have a series of meetings 
at this place in the near future, conducted by Eld. Emra T. 

Flke. Bro. C. W. Guthrie, of Los Angeles, Cal., was with us 
on the evenings of Dec. 19 and 20 and gave us interesting 
talks on India and the Bible lands. A collection of 55 was 
taken for the India mission. The district meeting of 1909 
will be held at the Shlloh church. — Arizona Arnold, Eglon, W. 
Va., Dec. 28. 

Barron church met In council Dec. 26, with Eld. W. H. 
Byer presiding. All business was pleasantly disposed of 
Bro. W. H. Byer was elected as our elder, with Bro. S. Baker 
assistant. Bro. D. Wolf was elected to the ministry. Breth- 
ren Marvin Williams and Geo. Tabor were elected to the 
deacon's office. Sister B. Lemler was -chosen as church cor- 
respondent. — Mrs. B. Lemler, Dallas, Wis., Dec. 30. 

To be held at Brldgewater College, Va., beginning Monday, 
Jan. 11, closing Friday. Jan. 22. 

I. Opening session, 10 A. M.. Monday, Jan. 11. (a) Scripture 
Reading and Prayer. — Eld. J. M. Kagey.. (b) What the Bible 
Institute Has Done. — Eld. A. S. Thomas, (c) Place of the 
Bible Institute in College Work.— Prof. T. S. Moherman. (d) 
Its Place in the Church. — Eld. H. G. Miller, (e) How to Get 
the Most out of It. — Eld. H. C. Early. 

II. Daily Programs: (a) Northern Palestine as I Saw It. 
(Ten lectures, with plans and maps.) — Prof. W. B. Tount. 

(b) Steps Leading to the Sermon, and Sermon Building. (Ten 
lectures.)— Prof. T. S. Moherman. (c) The Deity of Christ, 
an Inductive Study from the Gospel of John. (Ten lectures.) 

'—Prof. W. I. T. Hoover, (d) The Sunday-school Conference. 
The Sundav School and Social Reforms. The Missionary 
Opportunity of the Sunday School, and Similar Live Ques- 
tions. (Ten lectures.) — Prof. T. S. Moherman. 

III." Special Periods: (a) Methods of Sunday-schoolWork. 
(Three lectures.) — Dr. J. S. Flory. (b) A Missionary Pro- 
gram. — By the Volunteer Band. (c) An Address. — State 
Sunday-school Secretary Mcintosh, (d) The Study of Choice 
Hymns. — Prof. C. W. Roller, (e) How the Home Prepares for 
the Church. — Mrs, J. M. Coffman. 

IV. Alumni Day, Friday, January 22: (1) Forenoon Ses- 
sion, 10 to 12 o'clock. (a) Our College. (1>) What our 
Trustees May Accomplish for the College. — S. M. Bowman. 

(c) What Is an Equipped College? — Dr. J. W. Wayland. (d) 
How We May Equip. — Eld. D. H. Zigler. (2) Afternoon Ses- 
sion, 1 to 3 o'clock, (a) "What our Alumni Are Doing.— Dr. 
Jno. S. Flory. (b) What an Alumnus Owes his College. — 
J. A. Hoover. (c) The Power there is in Organization.— 
Prof. J. A. Garber. (d) What We Can Do.— Prof. Jno. C. 

V. Evangelistic Discourses each Evening. — G. W. Flory. 

Board. — Our Ladles' Building is too full to receive addi- 
tional ladies. A few men can be accommodated in our men's 
dormitories. Several boarding-houses in the vicinity offer 
opportunities for board and lodging. Write us on these mat- 
ters. Tuition is free, and everyone interested is cordially 
invited to attend both the day programs and the evening 
services. W. B. Yount. 


After a very brief illness Bro. Levi Trostle, an elder 
in the Rock River church, Lee Co., 111., closed his labors 
on earth Dec. 17, 1908, aged seventy-eight years, four 
months and four days. He sweetly fell asleep in Jesus, 
to enter the rest awaiting the faithful. 

Bro. Trostle was born in Adams County, Pa„ Aug. 13, 
1830, and early in life felt the need of a Savior. At the 
age of thirteen years he gave his heart to God, and 
united with the Church of the Brethren, of which he was 
a consistent and faithful member until his life's end. 
His was a service for the Master of over sixty-five years. 
He had four brothers and two brothers-in-law who all 
served as ordained elders in the "church except one. 

In 1851 he came to Illinois, securing employment in 
a flouring mill, the trade of miller being his chosen 
occupation at that time. 

In 1853 he was united in marriage with Miss Isabel 
Spangler, of Adams County, Pa., who came west with 
him to the new State of Illinois, to make for them a 
home. This union was blessed with four sons and four 
daughters. Two sons and his wife preceded him in death. 
His children are all married. All of his sons and sons- 
in-law are officials in the church except one. 

His early Christian life soon led the church to feel 
the need of his service. In 1859 he was called to the 
office of deacon, and in 1862 to the ministry. His serv- 
ice was so satisfactory to the church that he was soon 
advanced to the second degree, and in about 1889 was 
ordained to the eldership. 

His work in the ministry was confined principally to 
the home church and a few surrounding churches. How-, 
ever he made a few extended preaching tours, which 
were much appreciated and effective. He did much per- 
sonal work, helping those about him to a higher life. 
In his quiet way he did much good. 

For a number of years he had oversight of several 
churches. He was not a great man as the world counts 
greatness, but what was said of Moses can be truly said 
of him, that he was faithful in all his house as a serv- 
ant. He loved the church and sacrificed much for its 
interests. He never complained. Beautifully blended in 
his disposition were the principles of modesty, kindness, 
gentleness and charity. 

He also was a man of strong convictions. In matters 
of importance he was always willing to give his opin- 
ion, but by the loving Christian spirit in which he spoke, 
contention was avoided. 

He was in the ministry forty-five years. His preach- 
ing was appreciated, for he was loved and respected by 
all. He was a welcome visitor everywhere, because he 
was a good man. 

As councilor he* was conservative and prudent, and the 
church has lost an able and loyal supporter. He was one 
of the most spiritually-minded elders in Northern Illi- 
nois. He will be missed by all, but the spiritual life 
he has left was an example to help us in our journey 
through this present world. C. M. Suter. 

Franklin Grove, 111. 

Golden Text Book 

This popular little book contains the Sunday- 
school Lessons, Golden Text, Bilile Ko.nliiigs, Beati- 
tudes," Ten Commandments, Twuntv-third -Psalm, 
Apostles' Creeff, Names of Books in the Bible, etc. 
In a large number of schools, these Golden Texts 
are given the pupils bv the superintendents or other 
officers, and the blank space on the last cover is 
used to print som* particular information regard- 
ing their school. Bound in a very handsome litho- 
graphed cover. 

Price, each, $0.02 

Price, per hundred copies, 3.00 

(Postage, 3 cents per dozen, additional.) 

Elgin, Illinois 


Sunday-School Lessons 

-FOR 1909 

are nearly all taken from the book of Acts and 
should prove exceedingly interesting and helpful. 
The book of Acts deals with the history of the early 
Christian church. In the January issue of the 
Brethren Teachers' Monthly Prof. E. B. Hoff gives a 
short, clear and pointed -" Preview of Acts" that is 
of itself worth the cost of a year's subscription to 
the Monthly. Every Sunday-school teacher and offi- 
cer should subscribe for the Monthly for 1909. 
Price, per year, 50 cents. 

Elgin, Illinois 

Pastor's Pocket 

Arranged by Rev. Sylvanus Stall, D. D. 

This record affords space for 
the recording of 63 church offi- 
cers; 714 members, over 6,000 
pastoral calls; 42 communion 
services; 126 baptisms, 84 mar- 
riages, 105 funerals, 273 ser- 
mons; 63 addresses; 168 new 
members, besides ten other de- 

You will find this an excel- 
lent little volume to carry with 
you at all times. 

It contains neary 200 blank 
pages and is bound in black leather, size, 3ty& 
x 5% inches. Very convenient to carry in pocket. 
Price, prepaid, 50 cents 

Elgin, Illinois 

**********wW H ***** I * 

The Brethren | 

for 1909 

A first-class almanac for the home. 
Twelve calendar pages, containing the date 
of over three hundred important historical 
events. Every member of the church will 
be interested in the biographical sketches of 
such men and women as Elder R. H. Miller, 
Sister Sarah Major, Elder John H. Urns tad, 
Elder John H. Filmore, Elder Peter Nead 
and Elder Jacob Mack. Announcements 
concerning the Annual Conference for 1909, 
and a history of. the Brethren Church in 
Franklin County, Virginia, are unusually in- 
teresting. The Ministerial List occupies 
nearly 19 pages and gives the name and ad- 
dress of the 2,938 ministers of the Church 
of the Brethren, together with a list of the 
Gish Fund Books. Several pages are de- 
voted to a list of the Home and Foreign 
Mission Boards of the church, with name 
and address of the members of each board. 
Sunday-school workers will be interested in 
the list of State Sunday-school Secretaries. 
A cyclopedia of useful information. Sixty- 
four pages. Price., postpaid, 10 cents. 

Elgin, Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 48. 

Elgin, III., January 16, 1909. 

No. 3. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. later years, to check the blight resting upon the moral 

Editorial,— life f t i le c i t y j\ K f act tHat California has the 

The Problems of the Denominational School (H. C. E.), 41 ". ... . , 

After the Holidays (H. B. B.) 41 shameful distinction of being one of the few States 

S^eSg" 3 • M =f the Union without a Sunday law, is,. pcrhap. due 

The Eighty-five Thousand boiiar church 42 to the degenerate influences at the start. It is ap- 

Church of the Brethren 42 " 

A Serious Neglect 42 parent to all visitors that m many parts of the Golden 

wh?l"!mm'eu™V'M.v,':::::::::'.::::::::::::':::::'.43 state the sanctity of the Lord's 'nay has been largely 

Essay.,— lost sight of. 

The Balky Horse. By A. G. Crosswhite 34 -p, ]F recent dismissal of Vnnn Slii k'ni tlw. „ rn ,i 

Brother Geo. B. Holstngers Early Life. By Emma A. i Hi recent dismissal 01 Yuan Mil Kal, tile great 

ReploEie .....'...................................34 Chinese statesman, and a member of the grand coun- 

How Grenfell Works m Labrador. By John W. Way- & 

land 34 cil, has aroused much speculation among the foreign 

SalV By AnS:w d Hu;lifon Pl '7 Part . Thr ? e :. SUbm ! aSl0 ":3 5 representatives at Peking. The deposed official was 

My d 'wo'S ,a „ \U S s„?u, H a a nd E^wnV™' By' j." Henry 35 "cognized as the ablest," most influential, and wisest of 

Showaiter 36 Chinese statesmen since Li Hun"- Chans;. It is feared 

Eld. P. R. Wriglitsman 3G ^. L ., „, , 

unwrapping the Mummies 37 that retorm measures so well begun, may be mate- 

The Democratic Spirit. By H. M. Pogelnoncer 37 ^ hinderedj jf ^ who [^ ^ ^ .^^ 

The Round Table, — - , . 

Habits.-c. w. Guthrie. Frettine and complaining.— mental in their enactment, are debarred from further 

wofk.-Doiiie ¥. Wiiu™. "a"' u^omnfonTciden": se . rvice ' A " comroI of the telegraph system has been 

— Nelson shirk. Life's Ministry. — Ida m. Helm. Con- withdrawn from the foreign superintendents in the 

veniences for Baptism.— J. L, Switzer 3S .- ., ,, ,, , ..... 

held, so that the legations are practically without 

Home ana Family, — ..... 

For Those Who Love Flowers.— Elizabeth D. Rosen- direct communication with the outside world. 

berger. The Power of a Surrendered Life. — Adallne ■ 

Hohf Beery, From Your Hearts.— Katie Flory. 39 P,.,.,-.,,™ , „r 1 t i i 1 i 

Kecent medical research has developed some won- 

Missionary Department, — , r , ,i ■ . , , 

-Look to Tour Marching Orders." Preachers and derf "' th '"S s in re g ard to the importance of giving 

Pontics. "A Costly Thing to Forget Your Neighbors,." the lungs their full capacity of pure air as a nrevent- 

The Things We Must Leave Behind. From Bulsar, b . F J ' "". picvciu 

India. — Eliza B. Miller. First Impressions of the Chi- Ive Of consumption. One physician asserts that per- 

nese Language. — Geo. W. Hilton 43 „ . ■ , -,, ,. , , 

sons, stricken with consumption, who begin at once 

" to breathe as they should, eventually recover. Breath- 

_J^2E!^iJ^L * Ji ''"*> Iike eatin *r. is a mM " tinder control of each in- 

Colombo is about to enact a few by which parents dividua '' and it , is left to the °P tion ° f each person 

j -11 £ *u i 1- ■ r 4.1 • to sa ) f now much or how little of life-ffivine air shall 

are made responsible for the delinquencies of their , , . , M Vi "s '«" =>"<*» 

, •,, j iU 4.1 4.1 t •< u j i -\a Lie taken into the lungs, and how Ihoroutrhlv the nox- 

children under age, on the theory that a bad child . , . .. - . s J 

,, ■ ;. .11 c -n 1 a lous - devitalized air shall be exhaled It will he 

gets its start towards degeneracy from an ill-ordered . . , , „ ft " ' , " U1, UIU '"- 

? ■ £ , £ , obvious, from the facts above given, that an abundant 

home, or from parents who possess traits of character ' .- . B"*"» umi an Auunudiu 

,, . , r r „ t? -.. „-i . -, .. "i , ( supply oi fresh air in our dwellings, and especially in 

sadly in need of reform. Evidently it is the plan of , , - ' tL " l "- v 

tt -~ r* v 'j "i •". *. -.I i *■£ i * our bedrooms, is an important factor of good health 

the Colorado legislators to tram the neglectful parent J & 

" in the way he should go." We doubt whether the 
proposed enactment will do all that is expected. Un- 
less there is, in the parent, a realization of the solemn 
obligation incumbent upon him, according to God's 
Word, he will fail in the proper training of his chil- 
dren, and even a legal enactment will not fully supply 
the needed incentive. 

Experts in geology claim that the " faulting" of the 
earth's surface is responsible for earthquakes. The 
Italian peninsula lies in such a " fault " zone. The 
" slipping and sliding," there, have been noted for 
centuries. There is every reason for thinking that 
they will occur for centuries to come. If the place of 
" fault " is near the sea, the danger of disaster from 
tidal waves is imminent, involving the fate of hun- 
dreds and perhaps thousands. Geology offers little 
encouragement to those -"who deliberately persist in 
making their home and place of business within the 
limits of the danger zone. Everything considered, — 
the scientists say, — it might be the part oi prudence 
to abandon the ruins of the lately prosperous cities, 
and seek other locations, less liable to awful disaster. 

" They shall still bring forth fruit in old age," 
is the pioture of a well-matured life, as given by David, 
and there are examples, now and then, that prove 
the correctness of his statement. The well-preserved 
life of President Angell, of the University of Mich- 
igan, who, at the age of eighty, is still active and 
useful, should be a rebuke to the many who persist in 
curtailing the usefulness of deserving workers, as 
soon as they reach the imaginary " dead-line," be- 
yond which they are not supposed to exercise their 
professional duties. Prof. Angell attributes much of 
his vigor to his association with, and interest in, the 
young people of his school, as well as his active partici- 
pation in the leading questions of the day. In help- 
ing others, he has helped himself. There should be in- 
spiration to greater usefulness in the example of the 
noted educator. 

Those who have watched the prosecution of San 
Frajicisco's municipal grafters, and noted the final 
conviction of A. Ruef to a fourteen-year term in the 
penitentiary, are perhaps also aware of the fact that 
the city has always been notorious as a center of cor- 
ruption. In fact it exceeds any other city of the 
United States in godlessness and immorality. As 
there are no effects without causes, so in the 
present case. The majority of the early settlers of 
San Francisco were dissipated and godless, and from 
the first the situation of municipal affairs was hopeless- 
ly bad. The godless adventurers, pouring through the 
Golden Gate and Emigrant Gap in 1849, shaped the 
life of San Francisco for years after, nor was it pos- 
sible for the more godly stream of immigration, in 

That a church building should be converted into a 
saloon is somewhat unusual, but it happened a few 
days ago in Chicago. The building had been owned 
by the Norwegian Methodist church, and, after being 
disposed of by them, finally came into possession of a 
saloonkeeper, who at once installed the necessary fit- 
tings for a saloon. A large sign in front announces 
the change to the passerby. Where once the songs of 
Zion resounded, where once the prayers of the faith- 
ful arose to the Throne on high, where once the 
Word was preached from the sacred stand, there is 
now the ribald song, the foul oath, the clinking glasses, 
and bottles and barrels of liquid damnation. The for- 
mer owners of the church, as well as the residents 
of the neighborhood, are justly incensed at what they 
consider a wanton desecration, and yet it is no worse 
than the sad fate of the man who, after having dedi- 
cated his body as the temple of the Holy Spirit, has tie- 
parted from the faith, crucified to himself "the Son 
of God afresh, and put him to an open shame." 

The dutrages and excesses of the " night riders," 
which culminated in the Reelfoot Lake tragedy, have 
met with a well-deserved rebuke by the authorities 
of Tennessee. Jan. 8 sentence was pronounced upon 
(lie persons connected with the murder, and it is hoped 
thai the determination and promptness shown will 
have a wholesome effect upon the lawless element, 
not only in Tennessee, but also in Kentucky and other 
Southern States. To bring about conviction in a 
case like the one just terminated, is not an easy mat- 
ter. Governor Cox, as well as the judge, prosecut- 
ing attorneys, jury and witnesses, had to face the 
threats and intimidations of those who had been, or 
are. implicated in the disgraceful excesses of the night 
riders, but they did their duty promptly and efficient- 

Anyone who has traveled in the various countries 
of Europe has noticed the many old churches that, 
for centuries, have withstood the ravages of time and 
the sweep of storms. ( )ne of these, located in the vil- 
lage of Naix, Switzerland, collapsed Jan. 10, while 
hundreds of worshipers were assembled in the edifice. 
Nearly all were buried in the ruins, and while a large 
number have been already taken out dead, it is hoped 
that many are still alive. Sixty persons were saved 
immediately following the disaster, and others will 
doubtless be rescued. The church is one of the most 
interesting in Switzerland, and has been in constant 
use for years. The immediate cause of the sad occur- 
rence was the collapse of the pillars in the underground 
crypt, which had, for centuries, faithfully supported 
the edifice, but which, iike all things earthly, had to 
succumb to the decay that, sooner or later, destroys 
(he fairest and best. 

The people of Italy are expressing their unbounded 
gratitude for the munificent liberality of the American 
nation in behalf of the survivors of the appalling earth- 
quake calamity. Some estimates are now being made 
of the destructiveness of tile disaster, as regards the 
loss of proper!,. In Messina alone $400,000,000 is 
a conservative estimate, while at Reggio the amount 
is at least $200,000,000. Banks and commercial houses 
lost large amounts of cash and securities, much of 
which will never he recovered. The people in the 
ruined district will be compelled, practically, to be- 
gin life anew, ami whatever assistance may be ren- 
dered by the nations of the world will be little enough 
to relieve their necessities. The Italians, in the midst 
of the dead, and surrounded by woe on every hand, 
make a strong appeal to human sympathy. Their 
appeal has been heard, and a generous response will 
cheer their hearts. 

Tin-: English Government is becoming thoroughly 
aroused to the importance of aggressively suppressing 
the threatened as well as the existing disturbances in 
India. Under date of Jan. 6 the report conies from 
England that 3,000 soldiers are being embarked for 
India, to aid in upholding British authority. The 
news has already caused a feeling of greater security 
throughout the districts where greatest danger im- 
pended. With commendable firmness the officials are 
enforcing the sedition act, applying it to all cases of 
insubordination or violation of law and order. Three 
of the Hindu secret orders have been compelled to 
disband, and others will doubtless follow. It has been 
found that these secret societies are veritable hotbeds 
of rebellion and insurrection. Under the guise of 
secrecy they have attempted to develop and carry out 
some of the far-reaching plans of opposition against 
British control of Indian affairs. With the total 
suppression of secret orders, and other gatherings of 
a doubtful nature. India officials hope to do much to- 
wards dissipating the prevailing unrest. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 



THE LOVE OF THE SAVIOR.— 8s and 7s. 

Christ, through love, came down to save us. 

Bled and died upon a tree, 
His compassion knew no measure, 

It was love beyond degree. 
In his blood we have our ransom. 

All our sins are washed away, 
The dark cloud that hung about us, 

Swiftly melted into day. 

Now he's gone to realms of glory, 

Where no sin can e'er molest, 
There he's pleading now for sinners, 

Wants to give them perfect rest; 
And in tones of loving kindness, 

Speaks to every troubled soul, 
Come to me and I will save you, 

Cleanse your heart and make you whole. 

In thy loving service ever 

Will our souls take new delight 
And our way is always changing 

From the darkness into light. 
We will follow in thy footsteps, 

Learn to love thee more and more 
And thy Spirit will go with us, 

Till we reach the other shore. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 



We lived for many years on the main road leading 
from our county-seat to western North Carolina 
points. This road was good enough for average sum- 
mer travel, hut during the early spring months, and 
often through the winter, it was almost impassable 
at times. " The wusser the road, 'pears like, the more 
we're gwine this away," the Carolinians would 
often exclaim. 

The very thought of those big, luscious apples, that 
they hauled in their muslin-covered wagons, almost 
makes my mouth water yet. 

It was natural enough to compare the price of 
the big yellow " bellflowers," the brilliantly-striped 
" limber twigs," and other fancy varieties, with the 
condition of the roads, and then the wagons were un- 
loaded in a hurry. The lighter commodities were 
often ginseng, chestnuts, raccoon hides and pine tar, 
but the apples were too fragrant to be affected by 
their surroundings. 

Through those muddy roads they must Be trans- 
ported by teams, — good, bad and indifferent, — at any 
price, and it seemed to the observer that nine out of 
every ten of the Carolina teams had a balky horse. 

When everything was going along smoothly, the 
caravan was not unlike a camp meeting procession. 
The drivers laughed and talked together, and sang 
good old mountain melodies, until one would have 
believed them perfectly sanctified, but all at once there 
would come a change in the tune, for the foremost 
mountain schooner struck a chuck hole. " Old Baulie " 
made one little effort and then gently gave it up. That 
stopped the procession, and now the fun began. Coax- 
ing is the first resort ; yelling and swearing the next ; 
and, finally, the hickory gad, with the second remedy 
thrown in. The willing horse gets lick about with 
the balker, and still the load hangs in the mud. 

What is the real trouble with that team, any way? 
In the first place both horses have been mistreated. 
The willing one in that he was hitched with one that 
would not do his part, and then abused for not doing 
double work. 

The balker's abuse dates back farther than that trip. 
Horses have sense, and sometimes apparently more 
than their masters. He was not handled right, earlier 
in his life, and he has now reached that stage when 
he doesn't care whether school keeps or not. It may 
be that one day he was the puller and his partner the 
balker. But let things be as they may, — it's up-hill 
business with such a team. If you help them out 
once, they'll expect it the next .time; and; as long as 
they are coupled together, the willing one must pull 
more than his share. 

This is the natural conclusion and we have followed 

it out to the end. Now let's go back and try another 
course of reasoning. It may be that the harness 
doesn't fit him right, or that he is physically unable 
for the task, or that he has not had the proper Tood 
that was needed for his peculiar make-up. This 
horse is a study, rather than a target for oaths and 
blows from an inconsiderate master. 

But do we have anything like this in social circles 
or in the church? A thousand hands go up. One 
says, " That old balker is just like one-half of our 
members. The willing givers carry the burdens and 
the balkers are left go scot-free, and yet have all the 
privileges that we enjoy. I don't blame the horse as 
much as the, driver." 

This brother wants the poor fellow whipped good, 
any way. Did you ever see the pulling horse lay 
back his ears, open wide his mouth and grab old 
balker by the withers and give him a good shaking? 
Well, that's you, brother, you've lost your grace 
when you go to biting or kicking the " other fellow." 
The better way is to pull the load up against him 
quietly, and by and by he'll get out of the way. 

Another says, " I'd get rid of the old balker some 
way." Don't you know you can't turn him over to 
somebody else without a recommendation? What 
would you say in his favor? " Well, if that wouldn't 
do, I'd just turn him out and let him go." Would 
you now, seriously? What good would it do, either 
him or you, to let him die? He works all right in 
.some places, and is valuable in a way. He's lame on 
giving; you may be lame on something else. 

A man's standing in the church .is too often gov- 
erned by his willingness and promptness to assist in 
church finances, while along other lines he is a spirit- 
ual reprobate. The strong are commanded to 
" bear the infirmities of the weak." It has always 
been thus, and will be till Jesus comes. 

We may make all the " eveners " we please, but 
the balky horse will be corrected only by gentle means. 
Proper teaching, " line upon line, precept upon pre- 
cept," and a proper amount of God's grace in the heart 
will at last produce the desired result. The thoroughly 
converted man will do his share without either coer- 
cion or boasting and the one who can willingly do 
more, has just that much more of the spirit of the 
Divine Master. 

But is this "whipping the horse that pulls?" 
Suppose that you keep up your side of the financial 
burden and yet spend a lot of. time whining at the 
extra load, and planning some way to have the de- 
linquent brought to terms, what reward have you 
in the end? The one grumbles because he is solicited 
or assessed too much, — the other beeause he pays too 
much. Jesus says, " Give and it shall be given un- 
to you," etc. Now let the first one, that gives accord- 
ing to gospel requirements, and feels that he is dam- 
aged thereby, report through the columns of this 
paper and we will see what can be done in the case. 
Flora, hid. 


Bro. Holsinger breathed the air of song from his', 
father in his babyhood and boyhood, and they united' 
their voices in song as long as they were together. 
His father rocked him to sleep, singing old hymns, 
but he could not get him to sleep till he sang " Old 

H. R. Holsinger was a cousin of George's father P 
Joseph H. He says in his biography that " once, 
when George failed to prepare and to perform satis- 
factorily a duty in a literary society, it was suggested 
that he redeem himself by singing a song instead, 
which was so well received that, then and there, he 
resolved to make music his life-work. In a few weeks 
he was on his way to attend a musical normal. This 
was in 1881 and the same school was attended the 
next year, taking the first prize in musical composi- 
tion both years." 

" His first instrument was a German accordion, 
with which he spent many pleasant hours ; then his 
father secured a reed organ. About this time, 1875, 
' Gospel Hymns No. 1 ' was published, and a copy 
found its way into the Holsinger family. Every piece 

in that book was played and sung by George and his 

His mother was Rebecca Blackburn, an excellent 
woman. He was named after his grandfather, Bro. 
Geo. Holsinger, a minister in the Dunnings Creek 
church, who was a colaborer with my grandfather, 
Andrew Miller in the old Wills Creek church, in the 
southwestern part of Bedford County, Pa. They la- 
bored away back in the thirties and forties. The first 
time my grandmother went over to their love feast, 
she got tired riding and said, " Does Bro. George 
live over all these hills?" 

Our parents were coworkers and close friends. 
George's uncle, John, was a contractor and builder for 
my father at Buffalo Mills, and then a student at his 
school in 1852 and '53. (Holsinger's History.) 

Bro. George's first going away from home was in 
the fall of 1876. He had met with an accident that 
year, so that he could not work on the farm. We 
wanted him to teach school in our township and also, 
teach singing classes, but the directors employed home 
talent, so he was disappointed, and we more so. He 
came over to our school, part of the winter, as it was 
farther advanced than the one at his home, and 
boarded at my stepfather's home. 

He was studious, and spent his spare time in sing- 
ing. I gave him a music book for teaching one after- 
noon for me. .He was very much pleased with it. I 
told him one day he should go on studying music and 
he could be a professor of music in one of our schools 
some day. I can yet see his look of surprise. Of 
course we had only an infant school then, but I had 
visited it several times and knew how it was grow- 
ing. I attended it the next Spring Term. When 
George came over to our home, he brought fifty cents 
along, for spending money. He did not use any of 
it. . Such boys are generally heard from later. 

We exchanged letters several times in after years. 
The last letter he sent me was written while on his 
way to Waterloo, Iowa, where he took pneumonia. It 
was a long letter, referring, at length, to the early 
days, and he enclosed clippings concerning his work. 
Speaking of the conversion of our children in early 
life, he said, " How thankful we should be for the pro- 
tecting arm of the church about our children 1 " How 
different from some who talk so disrespectfully about 
the church in the presence of their children, so often. 
Over a year ago we met unexpectedly in Altoona, Pa., 
at the same place for dinner, during the ministerial 
meeting there. We did not then think it would be our 
last meeting. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 



A few weeks ago I had the privilege of seeing and 
hearing the famous medical missionary, Dr. Wilfred 
T. Grenfell, who, since 1892, has been doing work in 
Labrador that has revolutionized the people and the 
country. Although the fame of it all is world-wide, I 
must confess that, until very recently, I knew very 
little of it. May I dare to suppose, therefore, that 
some others are like I was ?. So it has occurred to me 
that a brief, informal sketch of the man and his work 
might be received with interest and profit by a number 
of the readers of the Messenger ? 

In the first place, Doctor Grenfell, though he him- 
self would doubtless be the last one to boast of it, has 
a famous name, and comes of celebrated English 
blood. The name " Grenfell " seems to be a slightly 
modified form of Grenville; and he is a descendant 
■of old Sir Richard Grenville, one of the daring sea- 
captains of Queen Elizabeth's time, who made voy- 
ages to the then newly-discovered America, in the 
effort to plant colonies. As told by Tennyson, Sir 
Richard was overwhelmed by the Spaniards in the 
Azores Islands, because he refused to make his es- 
cape and thus leave some of his men who were sick 
■on shore. 

"'I have only done my duty as a man is bound to do: 
With a cheerful spirit I, Sir Richard Grenville, die!' 
And he fell upon their decks, and he died." 

Whether or not this story is true, of old Sir Rich- 
ard, it certainly is true that such is the spirit that 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 


moves in Wilfred Grenfell, of Labrador, today. He 
says, in a bit of autobiography: 

"In 1883, while I was studying medicine at the London 
Hospital in Whitechapel, I was attracted by a huge crowd 
going into a large tent in the slums of Stepney. There was 
singing going on inside, and curiosity led me in. As I left 
with the crowd, I came to the conclusion that my re- 
ligious life was a humbug. I vowed that in the future 
I would either give it up or make it real. It was obvious- 
ly not a thing to be played with." 

- real. He soon began in a boys' Sunday 
school in London. Later he worked among the 
fishermen of the North Sea; and, in 1892, he sailed 
out to Labrador in the hospital ship, Albert, as the 
only mission doctor on board. In the three months, 
spent at that time on the coast, he held religious ser- 
vices and treated 900 sick people. 

The next year the work was resumed, with en- 
larged facilities, and has been continued ever since. 
Grenfell is the man in charge. He has done what he 
could personally ; he has used ( the means and money 
given by others for the work ; and he is superintend- 
ent of the other workers who have come in. He 
has a targe territory in a bleak country, — what Dr. 
, Henry van Dyke has called a " thousand-mile parish." 
Under his direction four hospitals have been built and 
supplied with trained nurses, from the United States 
chiefly; he has established five cooperative stores, 
where the fishermen get fair prices for their fish, 
and buy their supplies at reasonable prices, thus being 
delivered from the rapacity of unscrupulous traders; 
he has given surgical and medical care to thousands 
of patients; he has waged a successful war against 
the saloon; he acts as magistrate and justice, and has 
done much in preventing crime and vice; he has built 
saw-mills, thus aiding the people to become self-sup- 
porting during seasons of the year when their usual 
trades cannot be followed ; he has introduced herds 
of reindeers, from Lapland, and is preparing to in- 
troduce cattle ; he has taught the people useful trades ; 
and withal has preached to them the Gospel of Christ. 
The King of England has given signal recognition 
to Grenfell's work; and in, America the Grenfell As- 
sociation, headed by some of the most prominent 
men of New England and the Middle States, has been 
organized to collect money and means for supporting 
the work. The first week in December Dr. Grenfell 
spent at Princeton University, where about 3,000 
people heard him every night. 

On Saturday and Sunday, Dec. 12 and 13, he was 
here at the University of Virginia; and on Sunday 
night such a crowd as is hardly ever seen here packed 
the great public hall, to hear him, and to see the maps 
and pictures he displayed, to give information of 
conditions in Labrador, and the work that is being 
done there. Every summer a number of students 
from some of the leading colleges and universities 
go up to Labrador and help Dr. Grenfell and his 
assistants. They drive wagons, plant gardens, nurse 
the sick in the hospitals, and do anything else they 
are told to do. 

With all this honor and responsibility upon him, 
and with all this wonderful achievement to his credit, 
Dr. Grenfell is one of the most simple, modest, un- 
assuming, and matter-of-fact men. He is of medium 
size, looks about forty-two or forty-three ; is of com- 
pact and muscular build ; and shows that he has not 
always been used to downy couches and soft raiment. 
His adventures a#d every-day experiences read like 
the inventions of fiction. Time and again he' has 
barely escaped with his life. On last Easter Sunday 
he got a message to go sixty miles to amputate a 
boy's leg. The journe)' had to be made in a dog sled, 
and the way led partly oyer arrns of the sea. The 
thaws were beginning to break up the ice ; and in 
crossing a bay, some four or five miles wide, he, with 
his dogs and sled, broke through. 

By hard work and repeated attempts they managed 
to get upon a piece of floating ice, about ten feet 
by twelve, — the one man and the eight dogs, with 
some of the rope and seal-skin harness with which 
the dogs had been hitched to the sled. One afternoon, 
one long night, and part of the next day, they floated 
on the crumbling piece of ice, drifting constantly to- 
ward the open sea. When the sun was down, the tem- 

perature fell; and to keep from freezing, Grenfell 
had to kill three of his faithful dogs, and wrap himself 
in their skins. His coat, gloves, etc., had been lost 
in the struggle, and every stitch upon his body was 
soaked with ice-water. Moreover, he froze the dead 
dogs' legs together for a flagstaff, took his shirt 
for a flag, and Waved it as long as he was able to 
hold it up, in the hope that he might be seen from 
the shore, four or five miles away. 

On the second day five hardy fishermen came out 
in a boat, through the rolling waves and the crushing 
blocks of ice, and took him and his five remaining 
dogs ashore. When the simple fishermen, their wives, 
and their children, learned that it was Grenfell who 
was out there in deadly peril, they were willing to 
run any risk to save him ; and many who look death 
in the face every day amid the perils of the sea, all with 
unmoved and unflinching countenance, received him 
with tears of relief and joy. 

Grenfell preaches a practical religion. He teaches 
the people how to be clean and healthy and out of 
debt; and, along with it all, teaches them to pray and 
to believe the Gospel of Christ. For example, their 
houses are often filthy, — he teaches them the value 
of cleanliness. Many have consumption, for want 
of pure air in their living and sleeping rooms, — he 
teaches them ventilation. Many have been using in- 
jurious and expensive food, — he teaches them how 
to economize and be the better off for it, in many 
ways. To people who never had a doctor before he 
came, or one to take their part against villains and 
scoundrels, he has been a veritable good angel. No 
wonder he is spoken of as the patron saint of Labra- 

He has been preaching the same sort of gospel to 
the people of Labrador that Booker Washington has 
been preaching to the negroes of the Southern States, — 
the practical gospel of a practical, every-day religion, 
that demands industry, independence, self-respect, 
good health, good will, charity, self-sacrifice, and the 
employment of all legitimate resources in science and 
government as a part — a sane and normal part — of 
itself. In a striking measure he has demonstrated 
the value and practicability of medical missions. 
Charlottesville, Va. 

can we expect from being in the church, if we are not 
obedient to the church? The final end will be to 
he numbered among the heathen and publicans. 

See what we have in Jer. 6: 16-19, "Thus saith 
the Lord, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for 
the old paths, where is the good way, and walk there- 
in, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they 
said. We will not walk therein. Also I set watchmen 
over you, saying Hearken to the sound of the trump- 
et. But they said, We will not hearken. Therefore 
hear, ye nations, and know O congregation, what is 
among them. Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring 
evil upon this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, 
because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor 
to my law, but rejected it." Truly, " The way of the 
transgressors is hard." Prov. 13: 15. 

2 Pet. 2: 10 says, "But chiefly them that walk 
after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise 
government. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they 
arc not afraid to speak evil of dignities." The great 
question is. What shall he done with such members? 
I can see no other way than to apply the gospel rule. 2 
Thess. 3: 6 says, " Now we command you, brethren, 
in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye with- 
draw yourselves from every brother that walketh 
disorderly, and nut after the tradition which he re- 
ceived of us," This seems hard, hut the church can 
do them no good as long as they stand in opposition 
to the church. Paul's rule says, " A man that is an 
heretick after the first and second admonition reject." 
Titus 3: 10. 



In Four Parts. — Part Three. — Submission. 

No. two closed with the inquiry as to personal 
submission. If we have not submitted ourselves to 
God, why not? James 4: 6, 7 says, "But he giveth 
more grace. Wherefore lie saith, God resisteth the 
proud, but giveth grace unto the humble. Submit 
yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he 
will flee from you." We need not think that the devil 
will flee from us, unless we do resist him. He will, 
more than likely, prompt people to join church, just 
so they do not submit to God. 

When any one makes a full surrender to God, fully 
determined to obey God's Word, the enemy well 
knows that he has more than his match. Because of 
such an one it can be truthfully said, " He that is in 
you, is greater than he that is in the world." 1 John 
4:4. If we have not submitted to God, can we be 
saved? I can see no promise of salvation from our 
sins, till we abandon them. And a mere mouth sur- 
render is not sufficient. Jesus says, "This people 
draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoreth 
me with their lips; but their heart is far from me." 
Matt. 15: 8. So we can see that a surface work will 
not meet the demands of the case. Even if tire church 
would tolerate our course, when we violate the New 
Testament rules, we have no promise of salvation, 
because we have not submitted our will to God's 
will. Jesus himself could not make salvation possible 
to us, rill he surrendered his will to the will of the 
Father. Luke 22: 42. 

Isa. 1 : 19, 20 says, " If ye be willing and obedient, 
ye shall eat the good of the land. But if ye refuse 
and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the 
mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. Here the willingly 
obedient have the promise of a blessing. But, on the 
other hand, if we prove to be rebellious, the judgment 
must fall upon us, sooner or later. What benefit 


And now abideth pride, fashion and extravagance 
— these three ; but the greatest of these is pride, 
—simply because it is the root of the whole matter. 
Destroy the root and the tree will die. It is hardly 
worth while shooting at fashion and extravagance, 
as long as the root is alive. Some'people say it does 
not matter how people dress. There are two passages 
in the New Testament, which speak explicitly on the 
subject of dress; 1 Tim. 2: 9, 10, " In like manner 
also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel. 
with shamefaccduess and sobriety ; not with hroided 
hair, or gold or pearls, or costly array; but (which 
becomcth women professing godliness) with good 
works." 1 Peter 3: 3, 4, "Whose adorning let it 
not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, 
and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel; 
but let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which 
is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and 
quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God <>f great 

The first passage quoted says " modest apparel." 
The word " modest " means " not forward," or " bold," 
or " going to extremes." The Lord wants us to 
get the spirit of this into our hearts, so we should 
not want anything about us that would attract atten- 
tion to ourselves, or make us appear bold. We want 
nothing that will hinder the effect of a meek and quiet 
spirit. Without these pure motives of the soul, plain 
dress would amount to nothing, hut with them it be- 
comes a precious privilege. 

[f the Spirit prompts us to modest apparel, we 
would naturally avoid all that tends to make us appear 
bold and proud. I refer to a few examples. Some- 
times waists are so thin that the arms and chest are 
exposed to public gaze. Then there are the low-neck 
dresses, short sleeves, skirts with many unnecessary 
gores, embroideries, lace collars, shiny and showy 
dress goods, tightly-laced corsets, ruffles, unneces- 
sary tucks, large, extravagant-looking bows of ribbon 
on the hair, fancy side combs, and broided or plaited 

Women of all ages have ornamented their hair. 
Today fashion requires a puffing, ratting and crimp- 
ing of it, with many fancy side combs. The spirit of 
this command would forbid us dressing our hair in 
other than a plain, tidy manner. Would that every 
soul could see beauty in a meek and quiet spirit,— 
the opposite of fashionable outward adorning! 

The heart that can see the real beauty in the humble 
and lowly Nazarene, will not see beauty in that which 
Dame Fashion displays. A meek and quiet spirit 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 

loves meekness and loves to see the expression of it. 
The meek and quiet spirit is not moved by fashion, 
but finds satisfaction in plain, neat attire, which, of 
itself, bespeaks godliness, and which is in perfect ac- 
cord with the lowly Nazarene himself. I am sure one 
could never imagine Jesus following the vagaries 
of fashion, or being decked "with useless ornaments. 
Our lives, in every respect, should be an expression 
of the meek and lowly life of Christ. 

Is it possible that a man can be found, at this ad- 
vanced stage of refinement, who dares to preach or 
write against pride and its consequences? The large 
majority of that class of men died, and were buried 
some years ago. The pulpits have nearly all shut 
down on that style of preaching. The fact is, we 
are living in supposedly better times. They were 
good enough in their way, but, dear me, they would 
not do now ! 

People, in the days gone by, wore plain clothes, wor- 
shiped in plain churches, and sang old-fashioned 
hymns and tunes. They talked and acted like pilgrims 
that were looking for a better country, and when they 
left this earth, they stuck to it to the very last that 
they were going to a city where there is no night. 
And it is my opinion that the majority of them just 
went where they said they were going. 

I know it is a little risky to speak out against pride 
in this day, because the church is full of it. Hundreds 
who occupy the pulpits in fashionable churches, whose 
duty it is to point out these evils plainly, are like 
dumb dogs, — they do not even bark at it. They just 
let it go, and go it does. 

And as pride gains in the church, spiritual life 
dies out, for they will not and cannot dwell together. 
Churches that were once noted for their plainness, 
and whose discipline still rules against pride and 
fashion, are becoming powerless on the subject. All 
creation seems to be kept busy to furnish fashions 
enough to satisfy the cravings- of the depraved heart. 
The religion of Christ is pure and the Christian's 
highest ambition is to honor God. They are not 
puffed up, not conformed to this world, but trans- 
formed by the renewing of their minds. There is no 
such thing in heaven or earth as a proud Christian ; 
there never was, nor ever can be. Pride is of the 
devil, — it originated with him and he is managing it 
most successfully in destroying souls. 

Pride, fashion and extravagance are eating the 
very life out of many. The rich lead the way because 
they can, while the poor strain every nerve to keep 
in sight, and the devil laughs to see them rush on. 

Who will be responsible for these souls at the tri- 
bunal of God? Let us be faithful, always abounding 
in the love of Jesus, for we are passing through peril- 
ous times, which try men's souls. 

May God's spirit so richly dwell in us, that we will 
always be adorned, not with fashion, but with that 
meek and quiet spirit " which is in the sight of God 
of great price." 

Let us submit to him and allow him to purify us 
until he can see his image in us. " As the servants of 
Christ, doing the will of God from the heart." 
Hagcrstown, Ind. 


Nov. 23 I began a twenty days' session of my 
Normal School of Music at Hartsfield, Ga. This is a 
small town about thirty miles north of Thomasville, a 
noted winter resort for northern tourists. The land in 
that section of the State lays very fine— just rolling 
enough to drain well. It is quite productive, though 
not as much so as the best portions of Kentucky, Vir- 
ginia, and the north central States. Our school at 
this place was a fine, working class, though entirely 
primary, this being the first school of the kind ever 
.taught in that section of the State. 

While teaching this school, I devoted all my spare 
moments to a study and write-up of the " Acts of the 
Apostles," which made every moment of my time rich 
in blessed experiences. It made my heart yearn for 
a larger field of usefulness, but never before did I 
realize so fully what it costs to be a full-fledged, con- 
scientious servant of God,— one ready to lay his whole 

life, with all its aspirations, upon the altar of God, 
and suffer all things for Christ's sake and the Gos- 

I found, as never before, how my heart loves ease, 
loves to meet only those things which make for pres- 
ent comfort and happiness. So often did I commune 
with my soul concerning the sacrifices which it was 
. making. They were, and are, indeed insignificant. 
I have suffered some for the Truth's sake, even the 
loss of friends and worldly ' support and honor, but, 
when compared with those mighty heroes of the early 
Christian church, it is not worthy to be mentioned. 

For years I have believed that East Tennessee, with 
the surrounding country, is one of the best home mis- 
sion fields for our Brethren in the United States. In 
order to learn still more of the people and possibili- 
ties there, I arranged with the Brethren of the 
Beaver Creek church (eight miles north of Knox- 
ville) to conduct a combined Bible and Music Class, 
or Normal, of ten days. On account of a severe cold 
in my head and lungs, I was only enabled to work 
with them about one week, but during that time I was 
more that ever impressed with the possibilities that 
lie before our church in that section, if the work can 
be judiciously handled. 

A wonderful thirst for knowledge of the Bible is 
being developed and this is bringing with it a great 
demand for teaching, — real, genuine teaching, not of 
creeds and traditions, but of the real, life-giving truths 
of the Bible. I verily believe that it is through this 
medium of teaching that the work of the future is. to 
be accomplished. The eagerness which I saw in this 
direction, while there, convinced me that we are neg- 
lecting one of the finest fields for work in the Brother- 
hood right here in this East Tennessee country. The 
Brethren who are there are alive to the work, but they 
need help, — teachers, — and that, too, men who will 
go there to live, labor and die with and for them. It 
is no spasmodic effort that is needed, but life-long, 
consecrated, persistent effort. Who will come to their 

I had not thought of doing any more teaching this 
winter, but if some of our Brethren churches would 
like work of the sort which I did at the last named 
place. — combined Bible and music work, — I will take 
a limited number (two or three) of schools during the 
months of January and February, and the first half 
of March. I had thought of spending the rest of 
this winter in study and preparation for future work, 
but will accept work as indicated above. 

Before closing this communication I want to thank 
our good, big-hearted brother, J. H. Miller, of Goshen, 
Ind., for the kind words which he has for the music 
composers of our church in the Dec. 2 issue' of the 
Messenger. Such words of appreciation do our souls 
good. For twenty-five years I have devoted my best 
energies to the music work,— teaching, composing, 
and writing song books, books of theory, etc. Most of 
that work has been done among other than our own 
people. During this time I have taught something 
near eleven thousand pupils, and probably not more 
than one thousand of those have been from among 
our own people. The words of recognition and ap- 
preciation, accorded me by Bro. Miller, makes me feel 
good. I have worked where I found the work to be 
done, but now I should be happy, indeed, could I 
spend my more mature years among our own 
churches. However, as. in the past, I shall work 
where I find the work to do, accepting it as the place 
where God would have me work. 
West Milton, Ohio. 


Concerning Bro. P. R. Wrightsman, whose death 
at Saginaw, Texas, was mentioned last week, we quote 
the following from " The Olive Branch," by Bro. 
Daniel Hays, pages 86-93: 

Peter R. Wrightsman, who wrote the following 
account of the trials of the Brethren in Tennessee 
during the Civil War, was born in Montgomery 
County, Virginia, May 16, 1834, His father, Daniel 
Wrightsman, moved to Limestone, Washington Coun- 
ty, Tenn., when Peter R., was seventeen years old. He 
united with the church in 1857 and was elected to the 
ministry in 1860. He was educated at the Laurel 

Hill Seminary, in East Tennessee. In October, 1867. 
he was married to Sister Elizabeth Witter, at South 
Bend, Ind., and in 1868 he graduated at the Eclectic 
Medical College in Cincinnati, Ohio. From Cincinnati 
he went to Dayton, Ohio, and in 1871. he moved to 
South Bend, Ind., and about' four years later he was 
ordained to the eldership in the Portage congrega- 
tion, near South Bend. In 1880 he moved to Kansas 
for his health ; and for the benefit of a warmer climate 
he went to Atlanta, Georgia, in 1894. In 1901 he 
went to Saginaw, Texas. 

In 1865 Bro. Wrightsman attended the Annual 
Meeting at Dixon, Lee County, 111., and by invita- 
tion he followed Bro. D. P. Sayler with an impressive 
discourse concerning the trials of the Brethren in 
Tennessee during the Civil War, which had then 
just closed: 

" Being a minister as \vell as physician, my busi- 
ness called me over considerable territory. In. the 
spring of 1862 (while in Tennessee) Southern soldiers 
came to my house searching for firearms, none of 
which I kept except a plantation rifle. This they took 
without pay. They came from time to time for three 
years and took my crops and horses. When the 
soldiers came for the last horse they rode up with 
threats and curses. Their language and manner im- 
pressed me that they came with intent to kill me. 
Part of the squad went to the field for the last horse 
and part remained with me under their charge. I 
just stepped inside the stable, stood with my hands 
upward, and prayed to my Heavenly Father, saying, 
' Dear Father, save me from these men. Have mercy 
upon them, and turn them from their evil, course, 
and save thy servant.' 

" I never exercised stronger faith in prayer than at 
that time. It seemed as if I was speaking face to face 
with my blessed Lord. When I stepped out to the 
soldiers, I felt that God had answered my prayer, 
for I felt I could see the Satanic look going down 
out of their faces like the shadow of a cloud before 
the bright sunlight. 

" The soldiers then said to me, ' Mr. Wrightsman. 
can we get some bread? ' ' Oh. yes,' said I, ' we are 
commanded to feed the hungry.' I went at once to 
the kitchen and requested my sisters to cut off a large 
slice of bread, and butter it for each one of them. 
They did so and I took it out into the yard and handed 
a slice to each. They thanked me for the bread, bowed 
their heads, mounted their horses and rode away, tak- 
ing my last horse with them, however. Feeling sure 
the Lord had saved my life, I felt happy, ' thanked 
God and took courage.' This occurred in the summer 
of 1863. 

" In framing an Act for the Relief of Nonresistants. 
the Confederate Government, upon the -payment of 
a tax of $500 each into the public treasury, relieved 
our Brethren for the time; but in the latter part of 
the war when the South needed all the men in her 
borders, the local authorities arrested many of our 
Brethren and shut them up in prison and in the stock : 
ades in various places, even after they had paid the 
$500 penalty. This very much tried our Brethren in 
the Limestone church, and a petition was drawn up to 
send to the Confederate Congress, asking that our 
brethren be released from military service, as we were, 
and always had been, opposed to bearing arms. Near- 
ly all the members of our church signed the petition. 
It then became a matter of anxious concern who 
would carry this petition to Congftss and represent 
our claims. All our older brethren shrank from going 
to Richmond where Congress was in session. I was 
away at school ; yet it was decided to send me, though 
a youth as I was. The deacon brethren came to see 
me and to report their mission. I regretted to leave 
school and pleaded with them that older brethren 
should go, but they replied that it was the act of the 
church. I replied that I was willing to do anything 
in my power for my brethren in prison. ' If you and 
the church will aid me in your prayers. I will go.' 

" Accordingly I prepared myself with provisions 
for the journey and started from Limestone depot. 
I had not traveled far until a minister came on the 
train. I believed he was from North Carolina. After 
leaving Jonesboro, he came and sat down on the 
same seat with me. So far as I could see we were 

the only civilians on the train, the remainder were 
all soldiers. He asked me if I were a minister, and 
I replied that I was. He then asked me to what 
church I belonged, our faith and practice, to which I 
replied. When I mentioned the fact that we were a 
peaceable people and opposed going to war, he said. 
' Do you not think we all ought to fight for our ^glor- 
ious Confederacy? ' I replied that Christ taught us not 
to resist evil. ' Yes,' said he, ' but this war is an ex- 
ception.' I replied, ' Christ made no exceptions, but 
says, Love your enemies ; bless them that curse you ; 
pray for them that despitefully use you and persecute 

■ you.' 

" Failing in this he tried another line of reason- 
ing: ' Do you not believe. General Washington was a 
good man; and that God used him to set up this 
government? ' 

" ' Now,' said I, in return, ' do you believe God 

■ used General Washington to set up this government? " 

" 'Yes,' he replied. 

" ' Then, what do you think God will do with you 
for trying to tear down what he built up? ' 

" He never answered me, but arose and went into 
another car. 

" During our conversation the soldiers were all 
around, eagerly listening. But when I put my last 
question to him some of the soldiers made some threats ; 
but I felt the Lord was with me. I was not in the least 
alarmed, and continued my journey without further 

" At the proper time I went to the House of the 
Confederate Congress, presented my petition and 
made my plea, stating among other things, 'Our peo- 
ple were always a peace people; it is no use to take 
them to the army, for they will not fight. They 
would be just in your way. They are the best sub- 
jects in your government, for they stay at home and 
mind their own business. They are mostly farmers, 
raise grain and your men come and take it. In this 
way we feed the hungry. Our people .never molest 
your men, but are loyal and law-abiding citizens. ' 
If you will let us stay at home we will be loyal 
citizens to the powers that are over us. We humbly 
plead for your acceptance of our petition.' 

"Alexander H. Stephens was then consulted; and 
finally my petition was accepted, and officially en- 
dorsed with the word ' GRANTED.' 

" With a heart overflowing with gratitude to our 
dear Heavenly Father, I came on to my home at 
Limestone, Tenn. Bro. M. M. Bashor met me at the 
depot and urged me to continue on to Knoxville on 
the same train, as some of our brethren had been 
taken off while I was at Richmond. So I continued 
my journey eighty-four miles farther to Knoxville. 
I went to see Col. E. D. Blake, commander of con- 
scripts and prisoners and showed him my papers. 
With an uncouth remark he told me to go out to the 
stockade and get my men. I went, entered the stock- 
ade, and got my brethren out of prison. We alt 
went home like happy children. This was in the sum- 
mer of 1863. 

" In the autumn of 1864 our church at Limestone, 
Tenn., had prepared to hold a love feast, as all 
seemed to be quiet just at that time. So, on the 
fourth Saturday in September, we started for the 
church with provision necessary to hold the meeting. 
But, behold! there on our grounds, around and 
near the church, was a regiment of soldiers. Many 
of our members were frightened, and some of them 
urged the dismissal of the meeting. I told them, ' No, 
let us go on with the meeting. Perhaps the Lord 
has sent them to this place to hear the Gospel.' This 
delayed our decision. In the meantime the colonel 
heard of our dilemma and at once sent us word to go 
on with our meeting, that nothing should be mo- 
lested, but that we should be protected. So we went 
on with the services, invited the soldiers into the 
church and our house was crowded. It proved to be 
one of the best love feasts that I ever attended, — the 
best of order and attention prevailed. Not a thing 
was molested, all behaved well, and many requests 
were made for us to come to their part of the country 
after the war and preach for them. But, alas! many 
of those poor men, no doubt, fell on the field of battle. 
" Thank God for the Brethren church whose motto 

is, ' Peace on earth, good will toward men,' — who 
have all been born of the same Spirit, and walk by . 
the same rule, and mind the same things." 

G. Elliott Smith describes in the recent " Bulletin 
of the Egyptian Institute " what he discovered when 
he unwrapped, in the Cairo Museum, the mummies 
of five of the Pharaohs that were found at Babel- 
Molouk in 1898. These kings were among those who 
reigned in Egypt from about 1,000 to 1,300 years be- 
fore the Christian era. At a period, believed to be not 
more than a century after the deatli of the latest oi 
these royal persons; their elaborate tombs were broken 
into, for the purpose of despoiling the mummies of the 
precious stones and jewels in the form of amulets, 
charms and other objects that had been buried with 

The work of unwrapping the royal mummies of 
Egypt is always a slow and careful process. Every 
stage of it is carefully described. Photographs are 
taken at every change in the process, as, for example. 
when different kinds of cloth or different widths of 
bandages are used. The detailed report' on these 
five mummies has not yet been printed, and Mr. 
Smith confines himself to his notes of the mutilation 
and plunder of the royal dead. About three days 
were spent in the unwrapping of each of the mum- 

It would have been no easy matter for the plunder- 
ers to take off the wrappings and secure the jewels, 
if they had treated the mummies with care, but they 
were after the valuables and stopped at no mutilation 
that would help to get them quickly. Parts of the 
fine linen bandages', plastered together with resinous 
paste, were hacked off so brutally that bones of the 
mummies were broken, pieces of skin were cut out, 
arms, hands and ears were cut off, and teeth were 
knocked out. Fragments of the original wrappings 
remained glued to the mummies if it was evident 
that there was no jewel underneath, that would add 
to the stolen riches. The least damaged of all the 
mummies was that of Rameses V., which was com- 
pletely stripped of all its wrappings, but the only 
mutilation was the slicing off of the finger tips of the 
left hand by some sharp instrument. 

None of the other mummies were so badly mal- 
treated as the body of Rameses VI., whose head and 
trunk were literally hacked to pieces. Jewels around 
the neck had evidently supplied the motive for cutting 
off the head. One of the forearms and the hand 
were not with the mummy, but,, curiously enough, they 
had been replaced by those of another body, evidently 
of a woman. Mr. Smith discovered abundant evi- 
dence that, at a later period, during the reign of the 
priest kings, these outrages came to light and a very 
hurried effort was made to rewrap the bodies. The 
fragments of the old bandages were put around them 
and were then covered with new bandages, but the re- 
wrapping was so carelessly done as to indicate great 
haste. When the body of Rameses VI. was rewrap- 
ped, it was necessary to obtain a board on which to 
tie the fragments, to give them some semblance of 
the form of a mummy.— American Antiquarian, 

representatives change from year to year. But there 
is yet a deeper significance to this spirit and one to 
which I especially refer. The individual does not 
get his religion ready made but he gets it himself, by 
his own struggles and growth. In worship each mem- 
ber has a part. ( hir music i> not furnished by a choir. 
but it wells up from the very soul of the con- 
gregation. Through preaching, and other incentives, 
the members are led to read the Bible. We depend 
largely upon first-hand evidences as authority for 
Christian belief, and, by constant reading and medi- 
tation, there always come conviction and deep-rooted 

I do not mean to say that the Church of the Breth- 
ren is the only one that manifests the democratic 
Spirit, nor thai we are perfect examples, but I do think 
that we an- blessed with a good share of it and the 
future power of the church, in meeting the needs of 
the day. may depend upon the manifestation of 
this same spirit. No one can deny that through- 
out the country there is a powerful and deep- 
democratic sentiment developing; a desire that 
the individual be given freedom, or, in other 
words, a chance to grow. And history is full of illus- 
trations where various churches tried to curb a natural 
development and lost their power. There will be 
more such cases in the future, if the churches do not 
meet the needs of the people. We cannot thrust- 
eighteenth century interpretations of the Scriptures on 
twentieth century people, nor can we establish systems 
now that will be adequate two centuries hence. 

Democracy makes well-rounded men and women.. 
It is the result of, as well as fosters, intelligence. 
Our church started on that principle. Its founders 
read the Bible with open minds, The Church of 
the Brethren will do well to encourage the same spirit 
that led the early saints, thai of study and meditation: 
on religious subjects. Religion is not a thing to lie 
manufactured in theological circles and editorial! 
room-. It is a growth from the hearts of men. 
Some things may have to he discarded if we encour- 
age religious education hut what of it? There are 
ton many people dying in sin for us to close our doors. 
We must give up persona! feeling and ask. " What 
does the world today need?" 

802 S. Main St., Ann Arbor, Midi, 


Every epoch has its own difficulties to overcome 
and changes, to make. Previous to the Civil War, 
" State Rights " with the " Slave Problem " were the 
things to be settled. In fact, as we look over the 
past century we see many old battle-grounds in Science, 
Politics, Religion and Philosophy, and one is com- 
pelled to inquire more deeply into our present con- 

In my environment I hear much dissatisfaction with 
the general attitude of the various churches to modern 
conditions. There has been one characteristic of 
the Church of the Brethren that has always appealed 
to the writer and that is its democratic spirit. We 
have no priesthood, no absolutely fixed forms of 
worship, nor established prayers. When decisions are 
to be made, the whole church votes cither directly 
or through its representatives. Furthermore, these 


An excellent Christinas program was given by tlic Sun- 
day school nn the evening of Dec. 23. Most of the par- 
ents were present, all seemingly anxious for their children 
to be in Sunday school, but manifesting very little con- 
tent to set a good example in that direction. 

Bro. Samuel hike, of Waterloo, Iowa, was with us 
over Sunday. It is much encouragement to us to have 
the District Mission Board or any of its members with 

We thank tliose who have so kindly and liberally re- 
sponded to our appeal for help. May you still continue 
to remember the work here! This present year has 
opened with much encouragement. Last Sunday four 
new names were enrolled at Sunday school and the at- 
tendance was the largest, and the interest the best, since 
the present workers have been here. For lack of teachers 
our Sunday school has been hindered, especially in t lie 
adult department. Children's classes were so large as 
to require all our present teaching force. We are pray- 
ing and hoping for workers, strong and experienced in 
the Brethren's church work, to locate among us, that 
we may have more help in the Sunday school. The pres- 
ent work on hand, and the opportunities in view, de- 
mand more special missionaries. 

Wc have introduced the two-year course of Beginners' 
Lessons, and have planned supplemental work in con- 
nection with the International Lessons for the other 
classes. The " Twentieth Century Record System," 
furnished by the Brethren Publishing House, has been 
installed. Preaching services and pastoral work are also 
showing more encouraging conditions. 

Recently a large number of the neighbors and friends, 
from more remote parts of our territory, gathered at 
the Mission Home with a fruit and vegetable donation, 
much to the surprise and pleasure of our pastor and wife. 
Pray for the further advance of the work. 

Bertha Brunskill. 
1210 Twenty-fifth Avenue, Jan. 5. 

Nikola Tesla says: "Everyone should consider his body 
as a priceless gift from one whom he loves above all; a 
marvelous work of art. of indescribable beauty and mas- 
tery beyond human conception, and so delicate that a 
word, a look — nay, a thought, may injure it." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 



Since we are all forming- habits of various kinds, 
we should make every possible effort to form good 
ones. I was peculiarly impressed, recently, regard- 
ing the tobacco habit. I entered a church and saw 
the members and others expectorating the juice of 
the weed on the floor. To my still greater surprise, 
upon reaching the rostrum, I found a receptacle, just 
back of the pulpit, for the convenience of the ministers. 
And, the worst of all, this was a house belonging to 
the Church of the Brethren. There the ministers, 
brethren, sisters, their children and almost every one 
in the neighborhood, had the tobacco habit to such 
an extent that they cannot be induced to let the stuff 
alone, even during the hour of service, in the house 
of the Lord. I know of churches that have been 
compelled to put up notices forbidding the use of 
tobacco in the house of God. 

Then there are secret habits which our eyes do 
not see, — and sometimes our ears do not even hear 
of them, — that are even more defiling. O that we 
might more fully realize that the searching eye of 
our Heavenly Father is upon us. " For the Lord 
searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imag- 
inations of the thoughts." 1 Cor. 28: 9. 

While there are many evil habits to be shunned, 
there are many good ones to be cultivated and com- 
mended. One of the most needful acquirements is al- 
ways to stand firmly for the Word of God, and for 
the church, in all her spiritual activities. May we be 
able, as was David, to say, " Lord, I have loved the 
habitation of thv house, and the place where thine 
honor dwelleth." 

Hovattcr, W. Va. 


Some people are never satisfied, — always complain- 
ing and looking on the dark side of life. Such people 
must be miserable. Many people borrow trouble. In 
the round of domestic duties, some people practically 
fret their lives away. Providence seems to have turned 
everything against them. The weather is never right, 
the seasons flit by too rapidly, the summer has been too 
dry, too much wind, dust, etc. When the rainy season 
sets in, there is too much mud, the crops will be de- 
stroyed, they become discouraged with the country and 
seek another location. Such people, indeed, are to be 

The fretting man and woman make life very un- 
pleasant ; in fact they are the most unpleasant company 
in the whole world. An insect is much more sensible. 
The busy little bee spends life pleasantly ; it only stings 
when disturbed, but some people grumble and fret un- 
der any and all conditions. Some people claim that 
hard work is killing them. This is not true. It is 
worry that wears their life out. We should learn how 
to live and conduct ourselves. Let patience have her 
perfect work. James 1 : 4. No one can be a Christian 
and fret out his life by inches. Remember, " What 
cannot be cured, should be endured." 

Goshen, hid. 


Bro. Philip Metz, of this place, is a man of some 
seventy-four years. Nov. 1 he was thrown from a 
load of hay, badly affecting his right side and head, 
which, soon after, resulted in a light stroke of par- 
alysis. Dec. 11 he received the second stroke, from 
which even the doctor thought he would not recover. 
Being called to his home. I spoke to his wife about 
the anointing. She said that he did not know any- 
thing about it, as he could not read, and never heard 
any one speak about the service. 

I told hi'm what James says in 5: 13-15. He said 
he never heard it before, but he wanted to be anointed. 
So arrangements were made and the anointing was 
attended to by a deacon brother and the writer, as 
stated Dec. 18. For a time he grew weaker, but took 
a turn for the better, and today he is able to be up 

and about the house, having use of his paralyzed limbs. 
The doctor and nurse, with others, say that they 
never knew of a case of paralysis to improve so rap- 
idly under such circumstances, considering the age of 
the patient. 

We here see the good results following the anoint- 
ing service, where the work is done by faith, as 
directed by the Word of God. 

13H Cedar St., Muscatine, Iowa. 



I must work the works of him that sent mc, while it 
is day: the night cometh, when no man can work. — John 
9: 4. 

Did you ever think of it that nearly all the great 
accomplishments of man were achieved by ceaseless 
toil ? Who can look upon such stupendous structures 
as the Great Pyramids, the Temple of Karnak in 
Egypt, the Great Wall of China, or St. Peter's at 
Rome, without being impressed with the fact that they 
are great monuments of toil? 

While toil is necessary to produce substantial archi- 
tecture, it is also necessary in many other things, not 
the least of which is the spreading of the glorious 
Gospel of Christ. No one knew this better than the 
Apostle Paul. We find this manifested in his mission- 
ary journeys to Asia, to Greece, and finally to Rome, 
where he, though a Roman prisoner, dwelt in his own 
hired house, and continued daily to declare the Gospel, 
and to preach a risen Lord unto the proud, haughty 
inhabitants of Rome. 

If we would make our lives fruitful, we must not 
be asharned of toil, but make ourselves instruments 
in the hands of God for the enlarging of his kingdom 
in the hearts of men. 

Cherry Run, W. Va. 


Would it not be well, in fitting and building our 
churches for the convenience of our church services, 
not to forget one of the most important of all 
things, — the comfort and convenience of the little, ten- 
der lambs that are to be received into the kingdom ? 
It seems somewhat astonishing that, while we love to 
point to the early churches as models, this very rea- 
sonable example they gave us should be so gener- 
ally ignored. Why not, in connection with our 
churches, have a convenient place for baptizing, and a 
comfortable place for the necessary change of ap- 
parel ? This neglect often hinders the success of our 
winter revival work, and it seems to me to be an 
important matter for consideration. 

Carthage, Mo. 


For Sunday Evening, January 24, 1909. 



We, the well taught, and abundantly supplied with 
opportunities, are often outdone by those of limited 
chances. The young hero of the following is not 
a minister's son, nor a deacon's son either. In fact 
he has to experience the misfortune of being without 
a father's care. 

Two boys were coming down the street, talking as 
they walked. I could not hear what they were say- 
ing ; in fact I was not trying to. When they were 
near me, something farther down attracted their at- 
tention, and they, as boys do, started to run to the 
object of interest. Just then one of them, speaking 
louder than before, said, " I didn't mean to say that. 
Pardon me, won't you?" 

Such an expression is not often heard from a 
boy and I said then that he is ahead of a good many 
men and women who profess to be Christians. Well, 
it would make a great difference in this world if 
we would put into our words and actions a careful 
consideration of the feelings of one another. Why 
not bring the difference to pass? 

Elgin, 111. 



Abel's life was the shortest in the first two thou- 
sand years of history, yet his was a rich life. Thou- 
sands of years have passed, yet his life speaks to us 
of sincerity, implicit trust in God, obedience, sacri- 
fice and love. " He being dead, yet speaketh." Our 
lives, though they may be short, may be filled with 
these same virtues, and how much more should be 
expected of us, living in the light of the Gospel of 
Christ, and having his footsteps in which to walk? 
Though our tongues are silent, while our fonns are 
lying rigid in the grave, naught can silence the wit- 
ness of the life we lived. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

Now, forget your haste, just for a second or two, 
let go pushing the train you are riding in, stop try- 
ing to do all your work at once; and perceive how 
deliberate, how regal, your soul is, how indifferent 
to the petty chances of punctuality. 

Acts 3: 3-9. 

1. Peter and John. 

1. On the way to church. V. 1. 

2. Interrupted By a beggar. V. 3. 

II. " Fastening Eyes " is Characteristic of Christianity. 

1. Science seeks out the secrets of nature. 

2. Art fastens its eyes on the beautiful. 

3. Christianity seeks out the ills that afflict man to 
remove them. Matt. 8: 3, 14, IS; Acts 3: 6; 5: 
IS, 16; 14: 10; 28: 8. 

III. " Such as I Have, Give I." V. 6. 

1. Peter wrought the miracle by the Holy Spirit. 
Acts 1: 8; 2: 4. 

2. Because in himself had the miracle been wrought. 
Acts 2: 4; 10: 45. . 

3. We cannot kindle others unless we ourselves are 
on fire. 

IV. Results: 

1. The man walked, "praising God." V. 8. 

2. "The people ran together." V. 11. 

3. And Peter preached. Vs. 12-16. 

Note.— 1. The miracle was like a church-bell calling peo- 
ple to Jesus. 

2. Peter as a fisher of men, used the cure and the " won- 
dering" as his bait. 

3. Lame men healed. Acts 3: 6-8; 14: 8; Matt. 11: 4, 
5; Isa. 35: 6. 

4. Salvation by faith. Matt. 9: 22; Mark 9: -23; Luke 
7: 50. 

Song.— " My Faith Looks Up To Thee." 


For Week Beginning January 24, 1909. 

Luke 5: 12-15. 

1. The Needy Leper. — " Full of leprosy." Awful con- 
dition! No hope! Thus sin blights the fairest life, and 
corrupts the heart, out of which "are the issues of life." 
Prov. 4: 23. 

2. A Gleam of Hope.—" Seeing Jesus." The glorious 
dawn of the Sun of Righteousness! Like the poor leper, 
we can draw near to Christ in "full assurance of faith." 
Heb. 10: 22. 

3. His Humble, Earnest Plea.— " If thou wilt, thou canst 
make me clean." He had (1) a knowledge of the power 
of Christ and trusted him fully. What an inspiring ex- 
ample to us! Heb. 11: 6. (2) He had just one desire,— 
to be made clean. He confessed his need and plead 
earnestly. No doubt about his sincerity! Do we know 
Christ as he really is? Is ours a living faith? Do we 
have an earnest desire to be really clean and pure in 
his sight? Isa. 6: 5-8. 

5. Immediate and Perfect Restoration.—"! will: be thou 
clean." Every miracle is linked to an "I will" of Jesus 
Christ. Man's need is no greater than Christ's power 
to restore. We are told (1) that Christ "touched him," 
and instantly there was an outflow of Divine Power. 
(2) Not even the hosts of hell can prevail against the 
mighty words, " I will." (3) When Christ restores, there 
is complete deliverance, — " Immediately the leprosy de- 
parted from him." Is there a soul that feels the weight 
of sin and longs for "gleams of hope"? Trust fully 
in Christ, and he will prove himself the "morning star" 
that leads you to the joys on high. Rev. 22: 16, 17. 

6. Man's Allotted Task.— " Show thyself," etc. The 
leper was to show himself to the priest, in attestation 
of his healing. Brother, sister, are you really healed? 
Have you thus showed yourself to others? Are you 
a living demonstration of a "needy one" that has seen 
" gleams of hope " ? 2 Cor. 3: 2, 3. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 





she gasped. 

" Madam, we miss the train at B 

" But can't you make it, sir? 
"Impossible; it leaves at three; 

And we are due at quarter past." 
" Is there no way? O tell me, then, 

Are you a Christian?" "I am not." 
" And are there none among the men 

Who run this train?" "No; I forgot— 
I think this fellow over here. 

Oiling the engine, claims to be." 
She threw upon the engineer 

A fair face, white with agony. 

"Are yon a Christian?" "Yes, I am." 

" Then, O, sir, won't you pray with me, 
Ail the way long, that God will stay — 

That God will hold the train at B— ? " 
"'Twill do ho good; it's due at three. 

And — " "Yes, but God can hold the train; 
My dying ehild is calling me, 

And I must see her face again. 
O; won't you pray? " " I will," a nod 

Emphatic, as he takes his place. 
When Christians grasp the arm of God, 

They grasp the power that rules the rod. 

Out from the station swept the train 

On time,— swept on past wood and lea; 
The engineer with cheeks aflame, 

Prayed, " O Lord, hold the train at B— ," 
Then flung the throttle wide, and, like 

Some giant monster of the plain, 
With panting sides and mighty strides, 

Past hill and valley swept the train. 

A half a minute! Two are gained! 

Along those burnished lines of steel 
His glances leap. Each nerve is strained, 

And still he prays with fervent zeal. 
Heart, head, and brain, with one accord, 

Work, while his prayer ascends to heaven: 
"Just hold the train eight minutes, Lord, 

And I'll make up the other seven." 
With rush and roar through meadow-lands, 

Past cottage homes- and green hillsides, 
The panting thing obeys his hands, 

And speeds along with giant strides. 
They say an accident delayed 

The train a little while; but he 
Who listened while his children prayed, 

In answer held the train at B — . 

Kearney, Nebr. 

but Barbara declares tbey are worth all the trouble running* before, proclaiming, " Clear the way, remove 

because the leaves are so handsome. She keqas them the obstructions, and bow the knee to Prince Jesus, 

out of the sun, but gives them plenty of light and the Son of God ! " The Prince arrives, and, looking 

moisture. They want no water or dust on their with kindly eyes on the man, asks him to be his 

leaves. Indeed, these rex begonias are quite genteel subject, and turn over all his interests into his care, 

and remind us of some ladies, who are very orna- and give up all ambition other than loyalty to him. 

mental in the parlor but do not seem to take kindly to What! give up everything? Why should he surrender 

the homely, rough work of everyday life. all these magnificent powers of his? How much he 

This is the season which finds every home florist 
deeply interested in and occupied with the winter 
window garden. Christmas will soon be here and 
everyone wants a few flowers or pretty plants for 
that joyous occasion. 

Barbara was careful about watering her plants. She 

can do in the world ! The Prince repeats his request 
for absolute capitulation. 

Have you ever known such a man, wdio surrendered 
unconditionally ? Were his powers of public bene- 
faction curtailed? Rather, were they not augmented 
illimitably ? The yielding of service is not to be merely 

kept them free from insects and sprayed them often on general principles, but the mainspring of all the 
with pure water. Nearly all plants that bloom in casual, little things that sum up the day's work. As 
winter are delicate and chilly indoors. A cold draught we give our hand to our Captain, and the key to our 
destroys them at once, and Barbara was careful to heart in his keeping, we shall feel the thrill of spirit- 
keep them in an even temperature. She sponged the U al endowment that far outweighs the possibilities of 
leaves of her plants occasionally, and arranged the bare muscle and bare intellect, 
plants in such a way that those which grew best in The wheels of our life are turning for the good 

the sunshine were placed there. Her flower-pots were 
clean, and her windows had the immaculate appear- 
ance of a greenhouse. The entire family helped her 
to care for the flowers. 

A coleus deserves a place in our windows, — the 
newer varieties are so beautiful. Their bright-colored 
leaves form a pleasing contrast to the hare trees out- 
side of the window. Grandmother had a wax plaid 
which all the children loved. It was trained on a 



Barbara was arranging her plants in the south win- 
dow. " I am going to have a few less, this year, so 
I left out my lovely purple petunia," she said. 

" I wish you would keep as many as possible," said 
her mother. " It isn't home without flowers in win- 

" I shall keep a good many, but we cannot darken 
the windows with our plants; we want all the sun- 
shine we can get," answered Barbara. And she 
was right. I know homes where there is not a 
single available window in the family sitting-room. 
Every window is filled with plants. People who are, 
of necessity, confined indoors, much of the time, re- 
quire brightness and sunshine. Leave at least one 
window empty and free of plants, for them to take 
in a little of the outer world. Pictures, furniture, 
plants and carpets become very monotonous to one 
who must remain in the house. When they can 
see God's great out-of-doors, the azure sky with 
fleeting clouds, the rain and the snowstorm, it is not 
so lonely. 

" I do hope we will have some geraniums in bloom 
for Christmas," said Barbara. And it seems likely 
that those large lovely scarlet geraniums will be in 
full bloom by that time, for Barbara did not wait 
until frost threatened to destroy her plants, and then 
hastily take a few up that had blossomed all summer, 
and expect them to bloom in her window also. She 
started her plants over two months ago,— geraniums, 
petunias, heliotropes, fuchsias, oxalis, and the in- 
evitable calla lily, made up her list. 

Then she also had a few flowering begonias which 
she shaded from the direct rays of the sun by placing 
other plants in front of them. She also had a few 
rex begonias. These are a little more difficult to grow, 

of our fellow-men, for Christ lias put on the belt. 
And if there is any one thing that we are specially 
fond of, and he asks us to give it up, he will give us 
something twice as beautiful and good. Is that worth 

A life that walks along cheerfully, trustfully, not 
knowing where it is going, feeling only the magnetic 
finger-tips of the Lord Jesus, is a beacon to the 
world, an inspiration, a perpetual marvel. The trin- 

flat trellis. Amid the thick, glossy leaves, clustered the ity of man, — body, mind, and soul, — enlisted in the 

star-shaped blossoms, which we so much admired. 

It is a common thing to see boquets of flowers in 
a sick room ; but in many cases the patient cannot en- 
dure their perfume. As a rule it is better to give a 
small growing plant, with buds and flowers. The 
patient takes an interest in the unfolding of the plant 
life. One patient said, " Your pot of old-fashioned 
pinks proved such a blessing ! I watched it grow and 
bloom and forgot my aches and pains." A pot of 
purple pansies kept hope alive in another sick room. 
If you have boys and girls, let each of them have a 
plant or two to care for. It wdll prove one thing more 
to keep them interested and happy at home. No mat- 
ter how humble the house, if the windows are clean 
and a plant or two is growing there, the spirit of 
home dwells within. 

You and I never shall understand the mixture of 
good and evil, found in the human heart, nor the 
awful fact that when we would do good, evil is 
present with us. Neither can wc understand how 
weeds and flowers can be so closely related. The 
spring beauty and portulaca are sisters to the wild 
purslane, — they are all in the purslane family. Weeds 
do not care to be either useful or ornamental, so they 
become rank and common, and lose the power to beau- 
tify this earth. But, somehow, they never have any 
the less seed. They want to grow just as thickly 
as they can, and, however small and colorless their 
flowers are, the seed pods are always full to the brim. 
Tell your children, when they grow impatient of re- 
straint and teaching, that almost any plant can be- 
come a weed if allowed to run wild and live in fence 
corners, like a tramp. Plants become prodigals then. 
like the son spoken of in the Bible. Once in a while 
they come back to the garden, as the prodigal son did, 
to become well-behaved and useful flowers again. 
" And after it all, when all is past, 
'Tis the deed of love that alone may last 
And the rest is chaff in the winnowing blast 
In the garden of life,— a weed." 
Covington, Ohio. 


When we see a man with a fine physique, tall, 
straight, broad-shouldered, with muscles like iron and 
nerves true as steel, with a mind broad and deep, 
capable of almost unlimited education, with a will- 
force creative in its intensity, wc look on in admira- 
tion and say. " What power incarnate ! " He can 
wrestle with a physical enemy and throw him, in the 
dust, he can invent marvelous mechanisms, he can 
teach psychological mysteries. He is a lord, having 
dominion over all the earth. 

Along the highway comes a Potentate, with heralds 

service of Prince Emmanuel, and infused into every 
profession and industry, alone wdll turn this world up- 
side down, and convert it into a suburb of heaven. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 



We may have our offenders, — those who hate us, 
deceive us, and take the advantage of us, and in un- 
told ways do harm and molest us, yet, if we do not 
forgive from our hearts,— out brethren who trespass 
against us, we need expect no forgiveness from our 
heavenly Father. And how much more have we 
sinned against him, llian any brother or sister ever 
did against us! This thought should melt us, and at 
once lead us to pray for more of a forgiving spirit, 
if nur hearts are getting cold toward any one. " Judg- 
ment is without mercy to him that lias showed no 
mercy: mercy gloricth against judgment." The Lord 
not only requires of us to do justly, but to love mercy. 
To do this we should have a forgiving spirit. 

Is there one such who professes to be a loving 
follower of Christ that will not forgive his offender? 
There arc such, we believe, for the Scriptures seem to 
indicate the fact. We may be keeping all the say- 
ings, be humble, zealous,— wc may appear outwardly 
to have forgiven, but down deep in the heart, covered 
up, unseen to the human eye, may still be some feel- 
ing of malice, envy or ill-will toward some one. God 
sees and knows it, though. others may not. You cher- 
ish that feeling, you keep it warm in your thoughts, 
you cannot quite get rid of that ugly feeling toward 
one. You know how it feels within you. But we 
should remember that even the smallest feeling of 
ill-will toward any one is enough to separate us from 
God's love and favor upon us. 

How shall I get rid of such feelings toward others? 
Cultivate the spirit of love, and good-will for every 
one. Try to see all the good you can in others, and 
speak about those traits you sec. You know it is so 
easv to see and find faults in those about us, and we 
are sure to find what we look for. 

How can we pray. " Forgive us our debts as we 
forgive our debtors," if we cannot truly and sincerely 
forgive our debtors? You say to the Lord. " Forgive 
me as I forgive my debtors." You bring down a curse 
upon your awn head, if you forgive not. 

O. let us pray for a more forgiving spirit! Let us 
learn to endure and bear more for Jesus' sake. Think 
of Christ, who bore our offenses and who. with his 
dying groans, said. " Father, forgive them, for they 
know not what they do." Is there any one whom you 
cannot forgive? 
R. D. No. i, Union, Ohio. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 

1G to -4 Sou Hi State Street, Elgin, Illinois . 



Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early Penn Laird, Va. 

Grant Mahan Omaja. Cuba. 

Business Manager. R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee. 

Chas. M. Tearout. Geo. S. Arnold. P. R. Keltner. 

0?~A1] liusiin ssaiiflrnminiiTiff-atiiins hitinilf-d for f h.. pa, er should !><■ mldi-i'ss^r] 
to the BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL. , and not to any indi- 
vidual connected with it. 

Entered nt tlio Postofllco nt Elglu, 111., lis Second-class Matter. 

Therf. is a move on foot to build a new meeting-- 
house in the West Johnstown congregation, Pa. 

During a series of meetings in the Juniata church, 
\ T ebr., twelve accepted Christ and received the rite of 

Bro. D. E. Cripe, of Chandler, Okla., is now located 
in Stillwater, same State, and should be addressed 

Bro. C. B. Smith closed a revival at Bethel, Nebr., 
Jan. 3, with twelve received into the church by con- 
fession and baptism. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery is booked for a series of meet- 
ings in Chicago, beginning Feb. 4.- While in the city, 
he has promised to give Elgin a call. 

The members at Greensburg, Pa., have reasons to 
rejoice on account of five recent accessions to the 
church. One awaits the rite of baptism. 

Bro. Geo. W. Vansickle is holding a series of meet- 
ings in the Sandy Creek congregation, W. Va. Five 
persons have decided to live the better life. - 

A series of meetings was held in the Black River 
church, Ohio, and five of the Sunday-school scholars 
applied for baptism. One was restored to fellowship. 

During some evangelistic work in the Woodbury 
church, Pa., by Bro. Daniel Clapper, there were six 
accessions, three by baptism and three restored to fel- 

Should there be any members of the Church of the 
Brethren in or near Hayes, South Dakota, they will 
please communicate with Bro. W. S. Adkins, of that 
place, Box 56. 

Bro. C. H. Stearman, of Kearneysville, W. Va., 
has arranged to devote all his time to evangelistic work 
after April 1. Those wishing to secure his services 
can address him as above. 

The Linville church, Va., begins the year with a 
membership of 500. This is certainly a large body of 
workers for the Master's vineyard, and still there is 
plenty for each one to do. 

The church af Ingalls, Ind., is row completed and 
will be formally dedicated Jan. 24, Bro. Jacob W. 
Rarick, of Muncie, delivering the address for the oc- 
casion. A series of meetings will follow. 

Bro. J. L. Thomas, of Coyle, Okla., has arranged 
to move, in February, to Seiling, that State, where 
only a few members are located at this time and where 
his services in the ministry are very much needed. 

Bro. J. G. Rover reached his home at Mt. Morris in 
time to spend New Year's Day with his family. It 
is said that he has not spent a Christmas at home 
for twenty years. All of these years he has had some 
engagements for the Holidays, either holding a series 
of meetings or conducting a Bible normal. At present 
he is assisting in the Bible Institute at Mt. Morris 

Bro. Wm. Beery, of Huntingdon, Pa., skilled in the 
rudiments of music, is to devote some time to the 
teaching and training of classes in vocal music in the 
churches desiring his services. See his special notice 
in this issue. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onekama, Mich., wishes 
us to say, on his behalf, that he can accept no more 
calls for Bible Institutes during the winter of 1909- 
1910. He is planning to give, more of his time and 
attention to the work at Onekama. 

In a previous issue we announced the dedication of 
the church at Blue River, Iowa, for Jan. 17. The an- 
nouncement should have been made for Indiana in- 
stead of Iowa. The dedication occurs next Sunday. 
The mistake in the announcement was ours. 

We have only recently learned that Bro. Levi Snell 
was selected in October to represent Nebraska on the 
coming Standing Committee. If there be others not 
mentioned by us, we should have their names. We 
make editorial mention of all such appointments. 

Bro. John E. Mohler, formerly of Des Moines, 
Iowa, is now located at 841 Herkimer St., Pasadena. 
Cal., and may hereafter be addressed accordingly. In 
February he will return to Des Moines and close up 
his business, with a view of making California his 
permanent home. He makes the change on account 
of the health of his wife. 

A large congregation in the East sent a vote of 
thanks to some of the local newspapers for removing 
the liquor advertisements from their columns. That 
is one way of making the influence of the church 
felt. Local papers exert a wide influence and they 
should be encouraged to take their stand on the right 
side of every moral question. 

Last week we published, on page 26, a short editor- 
ial headed, "How to Help the. Preacher," in which 
we said that the plan suggested was from the pastor 
of one of our city churches. We are now informed 
that the preacher in question is the pastor of one 
of our country churches. The rules, ten in num- 
ber, are all good and will bear a second reading. They 
will, however, apply to city churches as well as those 
in the country. 

Bro. I. A. Brower, of Newville, N. Dak., a faith- 
ful and earnest elder in the church, was stricken with 
typhoid fever and passed away Dec. 27, being, at the 
time of his death, a little over forty years old. He 
was called away in the prime of life, — just at a time 
when much was expected of him. As a preacher he 
was not widely known, but he was a faithful shep- 
herd and gave special attention to any church work 
that fell to his lot. 

Our patrons often send us local papers containing 
articles they think we should see. For their kindness 
we are very grateful, but many of them do not mark 
the parts to which they wish to call our attention. -On 
the day we write this item we received two local papers 
from Kansas, with nothing marked, and, of course, 
we did not see what a few very kind people wish us 
to read. We are too busy to spend much time looking 
for some matter of interest in a local paper, but always 
have time to read marked sections. We cannot read 
one-twentieth of the printed matter coming to our 
desk, hence the importance of our patrons marking the 
parts of a local journal to which they desire to' invite 
our attention. 

One of the congregations in the East recently spent 
four hours in a council meeting, planning how best to 
enlarge the borders of the Master's Kingdom. We 
are wondering how many congregations spend even 
one hour in the interest of church expansion. Just 
think of 870 congregations all planning how to go to 
their limits preaching the Gospel ! There would be 
something doing. In congregations where there is 
trouble, the members could do nothing better than to 
turn their council meeting into a missionary meeting 
to consider ways and means for the saving of souls. 
Let our people do more of this kind of work and we 
will then have plenty of ideal council meetings, and 
fewer troubles to settle. 

Bro. John H. Topper, of Butler, Ind., has also kept 
a record of the baptized and reclaimed reported in the 
Messenger for 1908. His count shows that there were 
S,184 baptized and 447 restored to fellowship, in the 
United States, making a total of 8,631. In India 132 
were baptized and three restored. In Canada three 
were baptized. One Chinaman was also baptized in 
the United States. It will be observed that the esti- 
mate is somewhat higher than that published last week, 
and probably contains some lapping over, a thing that 
might easily occur, where the same accessions are re- 
ported by different writers, as is sometimes the case. 

The historian who looks over the early volumes of 
our publications, The Gospel Visitor, Christian Family 
Companion, Pilgrim, Brethren, at Work and Gospel 
Messenger, will find them a source of valuable in- 
formation concerning the church and her work. No 
one could write a reliable history of the Church of the 
Brethren without a good understanding of the con- 
tents of these volumes. One of our college professors, 
who had occasion to spend several days looking over a 
number of these early volumes,, some of them dating 
beyond his birth, said that he had no idea of the in- 
teresting and valuable history found stored away in 
them. He has not been saving his papers, but from 
now on he proposes to preserve .all of them, and have 
them bound each year. There are others of our young 
brethren, who should follow his example and thus pre- 
serve, for use in later years, the history of the various 
departments of work in the church. The time may 
come when they will have use for some of the matter 
thus stored away. 

Last Sunday was a red letter day for the Elgin 
church. The weather was damp and cool, but that 
seemed not to dampen the ardor of any one. The 
attendance at the Sunday school and- morning services 
was large, there being a number of visiting members 
present. In the afternoon the Sunday-school workers 
of Chicago, Naperville, Batavia and Elgin were to- 
gether in a joint meeting. Some splendid and highly 
appreciated addresses were made. The proposed 
graded lesson system was discussed in an interesting 
and helpful manner. While most of those who spoke 
are favorable to & graded system, still no one sees 
1 his way clear enough to urge the adoption of any 
particular system. At the close of the afternoon 
session a free lunch was served in the basement. The 
evening services were in charge -of the Christian 
Workers of the four congregations named. Most of 
the evening was taken up with a very able and im- 
pressive temperance address. We were glad to have 
so many visitors with us. A number remained over 
night and visited the Publishing House on Monday 


We have before us the picture of a boys' brigade, 
representing a class in- Sunday school. All the boys 
appear in the attitude of soldiers on drill. Some of 
them are too small to carry even small guns, and are 
provided with bayonets. Thus the Sunday-school boys, 
a few of them over ten years old, are taught to drill 
and handle arms as though they were being trained 
for war. Instead of these boys being taught to love 
and admire the peace principles, embodied in the 
teaching of the Master, they are to have their hearts 
and heads filled with the military spirit. They are to 
grow 7 up to manhood, admiring the life of the soldier 
more than the life of the humble Christian who is 
opposed to carnal warfare. Sherman one time said, 
that ''war is hell." Why should our Sunday schools 
be instrumental in training young boys to love that 
which ultimately leads to what the man, who has been 
in many battles, calls hell? Are our Sunday schools 
coming to this? They are, in some of the denomina- 
tions, and that, too, with the approval of ministers. 
The boy who is large enough, carries a gun, possibly 
an air gun. Others are provided with bayonets, and 
then the maneuvers of the regular military drill are 
gone through with, from week to week, until the boys 
become quite proficient on the parade grounds. Why 
are Sunday-school workers drilling these boys ? Sure- 
ly not for the kingdom of heaven. Certainly not 
for the church, or for spiritual culture. They are 
drilling for the world, and that, too, contrary to the 
very spirit of Christianity. 

A very nice thing was done in Virginia, a few 
weeks before the close of 1908. There were fifty- 
seven members of the Beaver Creek congregation that 
lived much nearer the Bridgewater church than their 
own. By consent of their mother congregation, "they 
were permitted to move their membership to the 
Bridgewater congregation. It may have been hard 
to give up fifty-seven members of the church family, 
but under the circumstances it was the right thing 
to do, and shows a fine Christian spirit upon the part 
of the mother church. Members ought to be permit- 
ted to hold their membership in the congregation hav- 
ing the most accessible place of worship. Church 
lines may be important, but they should not be regard- 
ed as_ all-important. For those living nearer some 
other Brethren house of worship than the one in their 
own congregation, our Annual Conference has wisely 
arranged for a transfer of membership, without the 
necessitv of a change in residence, or change in church 
lines. Those entitled to a transfer of membership, 
under these circumstances, should not be denied that 
which the Conference grants them. 

An explanation may be due our faithful and ear- 
nest correspondents, wdio keep us supplied with church 
news. They wonder why we so often cut down their 
reports, after they have made them as short as they 
know how. It is this way: A practical eye, accus- 
tomed to the business for years, can often see how a 
news report may be shortened even after the writer 
has done his best at condensing his matter. In order 
to find room for as many reports as possible, the 
condensing of matter becomes a necessity. Notice the 
news in this issue. Every inch of space intended for 
that class of- matter is filled, and yet a number of re- 
ports must be held over, though we have cut down, 
more -or less, nearly every item of news published. 
We cut out some excellent morals, some fine exhorta- 
tions, and some beautiful sentiments, but the news 
remains. The Business Department of the House is 
entitled to three columns in which to advertise books 
and other matter deemed necessary. Excepting these 
three columns, all the space from the Missionary Page 
to the close of the paper is for news, obituaries, an- 
nouncements, etc. It is only occasionally that we fail 
to have space enough for all of this kind of matter 
coming to our desk, and at such times our corre- 
spondents will please have patience. We have the 
Essay department, the Home and Family and also 
the Round Table for certain classes of matter, and 
we permit the news to encroach upon these depart- 
ments as little as possible. We must have three pages 
for editorials, while the first page must be kept for 
a class of matter that is highly appreciated by our 
patrons. The right way is for our correspondents to 
send on their matter, resting assured that we will make 
the very best use of it possible. It is this abundance 
of good matter that enables us to bring out wdiat 
hundreds of our well-informed readers pronounce the 
best and the cleanest religious weekly in America. 
So, again, we say, let us have' your matter, trust it to 
our judgment and we will see that you get a paper 
worth, to you and to your family, every cent you pay 
for it. 

ers. The ministerial work demands learning as well 
as piety. The average man can accomplish but little 
without training. And it has always been so, but not 
so much so a generation or two ago as now. because 
of the enlightenment of the age. And, apart from 
these things, the New Testament lays upon the min- 
ister the duty of preparation, teaching that la- should 
study to show himself approved. It furnishes the 
example also. Those whom Jesus called to be workers 
in laying the foundation, took special training under 
him, — a course of three years and more. Paul, when 
he was called, though a highly-educated man for his 
day. went into the desert of Arabia for a special course 
of preparation. It must not he thought that the early 
workers were ignorant, untrained men. though some 
of jthem were, at the time they were called. 

The few men of extraordinary gifts will always In- 
considered as doing well, even without special train- 
ing. But how much stronger even this small' class of 
men would be wdth training! And the fact must not 
be overlooked that'this class is very small in proportion 
to the number of workers needed. About one man 
in how many may be counted in this class? You see 
that the main body of the workers must be men of 
ordinary gifts, who could not depend upon their nat- 
ural talents for great tilings. There are great things 
to be done, and trained men are imperatively At 

On the mission field, particularly the foreign field, 
trained workers are more essential than on territory 
already possessed, even though it be but in part. The 
word from the workers, on the field is saying con- 
stantly. " The missionaries should have the best train- 
ing; for it is not worth while, unless the workers are 
well prepared.' 

the flower of the rising generation, and if these are 
lost to the church, wdiere are the strong workers to 
come from? Only those of ordinary talent, in the 
main, would be left, and without training. What 
could be expected of a class of workers of ordinary 
talent, without, training, in this age and the ages to 
come? Isn't it clear? Don't you see? It is one of 
two things, — either maintain the schools, or expect 
to close up business practically by and by 

Certainly, it is true, that not all of those going off 
to school are lost to the church, but it is the rule to a 
very great extent. And it entails a loss and insures a 
state of weakness, bordering on extinction in the near 
future, that the church cannot afford. 

Of course, no one desires to close up business for 
(he Lord. On the other hand, it is earnestly desired 
that his business may grow and prosper till it fills 
the whole earth, even as the waters fill the sea. Then 
it is a settled question that the burden of preparing 
workers must be home, And it is well that this fact 
be fully understood. tt. c. E. 



*In Two Parts. — Part One. 

The denominational school hasprobtems of its own, 
not known to schools of other classes. And our 
schools, — the schools of the Church of the Brethren, — 
have their full share. Some of them are already 
worked out ; and they are no longer problems. But 
there are yet many things to be solved and settled. 
In fact, the time never comes when schools of this 
class are not pressed with perplexing questions. 

That our schools are essential to the progress and 
welfare of the church, is conceded to be a settled 
proposition. In this age of advancement, and grow- 
ing advancement, it would be difficult to see how much 
could be accomplished without trained workers. The 
cry is raised everywhere for better and stronger work- 


WeT-L, it's all over, yes, all over! But is it all over? 
It is like clouds after a day of sunshine, as the day 
following a feast, as the stern, hot days after a glorious 
springtime, as the calm after the cyclone, after which 
we hear people say, ;is they come forth from their 
hiding places: "Thank God, it is all over." Yes, the 
storm is all over, but the effects of it are not over. In 
its trail is left a destruction and death that is seen 
and fib for years thai follow. 

We remember, years ago, while attending one of 

our Conferences in the Far West, that, during the 

This pressure has raised one of the meeting, one of these st. inns passed near by. On our 

most serious questions with the Mission Board. Shall 
there be an educational standard set fur our workers? 
It is clear that this question wdll have to lie dealt with 
by the Conference before many years pass. And that 
will be a big question, for it will raise the question of 
an educational standard for our entire ministry. At 
any rate; wdiatever modifications may be placed upon 

return homeward we passed the place where this storm 
plowed through, in its mad fury. As wc came along- 
side a large and bountiful tract of timber, we saw 
where the storm bad swept through, as straight and 
much wider than a railroad track, having slashed 
everything down so that you could see (lie way made 
through the timber for miles. The storm was over 

the matter, as it relates to workers in heathen lands. ■ an ,| g 0nCj | mt t | le Ira || | c fi behind would be 


some standard for all the workers of the church will 
be the final solution. 

Then there are the publishing interests. Who would 
think of running a publishing house without trained 
workers? And who would think of doing without a 
publishing house? Almost as well think of dispens- 
ing with the ministry. In fact, there arc people today 
who set more store by the press than by the niiiiislrv 
and it is not a small, class either. ' They have already 

years to come. 

And so it is with many other things that are in 
the past. They have left their tracks. Our Holidays, 
with all their festivities, their givings and receivings, 
their joys and sorrows, are in the past, and the thought 
comes to us, What has it all meant? Has the world, — 
have we, as Christian men and women, — been made 
the better because of their coming, because of our 
participating in the things and exercises that were 

prophesied that in another generation or two the press put ;„ them ? We measure the value of things by the 

fruitage that wc get from them. 

We enjoy the church and prayer meeting services, 
not so much because of the pleasure we get while 
being there, as that which we receive to take home 
with us. We feast on the spiritual food not merely 
for the enjoyment afforded us, while feasting, but be- 
cause of the spiritual strength which we expect to 
receive, to take witli us for our own growth and for 
the. power thus received to do better work for the 

Niivthing that affords enjoyment only while wc 
arc partaking of it, and then sours in our stomachs, 
to give us distress and pain afterwards, is not the 
kind of food wc want, neither is it the kind of enjoy- 
menl we need. The fanner has pleasure in his labors, 
though hard they may be, because of his hope and 
trust in the fruit that will follow. If our housewives. 
in their preparing of their feasts and entertainments, 

will have supplanted the ministry. Whether thai is 
true or not, it shows the importance of the press, 
which is an appeal to our church for work of a high 
order in her publications. The very best talent and 
learning of the church should be employed in this 
department of work. 

Besides, there are the professions. Already a goodly 
number of our people have entered them, and as the 
years come, a larger proportion will be found in these 
walks. So it is easy to sec the necessity for higher 

But can it not be had without our schools? Yes! 
And in the mere matter of sharpening the mental 
faculties, it is just as good, if not better than our 
schools can give. Why, then, should our small church 
take upon itself the burdens of tin: denominational 
school ? That's the point exactly. Let's look at it. 
The answer to the question is seen in the result of 

educating our children' awav from the influence of the can labor, plan and harrass their minds in the same 
church Here it is all worked out and reduced to a spirit and with the same trust, blessings may follow, 
practical result, and it is known only too well. If the Hut if it is all done for the mere gratification that s 
ho test and quickest road to the extinction of the to attend the feast, and nothing better and more last- 
Church of the Brethren, as it is known today, is sought, i„g to follow, it is labor and time spent in vain. Did 

people off to you ever think of the day that follows the feast in 

this is the plan. Just send our young 
school where the influence of the church is not felt, 
and in a generation or two the end is reached. It is 
natural to follow our training: it is what we expect. 
And since the training, thus received, is away from 
the church, not toward it. it is to be expected that 
those, thus trained, will be lost to the church. Anil 
it works out that way in most cases. 

Those that will go to school represent, in the main, 

manv homes? Were you ever a member of such a 
family and did you notice the wreckage left, and 
were you one to help clean it up and set things aright' 
Was it a time of joy and gladness? How much? The 
day of feasting and trying to manufacture enjoyment 
and happiness is the day of outside life. The day that 
follows is the day of inside life, and often the two 
are as different as light and darkness. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 

It would be interesting to have written out the in- 
side or the hidden lives of some families as they are 
lived, the day after some of these occasions are over. 
It would enable us to know the true inwardness of 
them, and measure, to some extent, their real value. 
While, in some cases, we might see and learn some 
things worthy of commendation, in others there would 
be revelations that would make sad hearts and de- 
mand commiseration and pity. O sad, sad is the 
thought that all things are not as they seem. 

Now, it is not our purpose to set forth pessimistic 
views of our festive seasons, the antecedents, their 
participations and the fruitage that follows. But we 
ought to have a desire to look at them as they really 
are, what they should be, and then try to bring them 
up to the true standard. 

The Christmastide ought to be a great day to the 
world because it commemorates the greatest and most 
gladsome day that ever dawned into this world of 
ours. It truly brought " tidings «of great joy, peace 
on earth, good will to men." No greater joy can 
human mind conceive for this life than " peace on 
earth, and good will to men." Give us this and we 
have something better than Paradise. We have heaven 
on earth. At least some of this ought to be seen and 
felt during our Christmastide. 

In this blessed season joy, peace and good will ought 
to be at full tide, because it is the time when our 
minds and hearts ought to be filled, in all possible 
fullness, with the Christ-love. To the measure that 
we are thus filled w r e will have on earth peace and 
good will. Having our minds and hearts thus filled, 
it is no strange thing that we should express our 
feelings in loving actions and in giving " gifts," not 
making it a time of merchandise exchanging, giving 
to each other in kind and value, as nearly as possible. 
It is this measuring of gifts that robs them of their 
true intent and sweetness. 

How often are there heard such expressions as 
these, " The mean thing ; had I known that he would • 
send me such trash, I would not have sent him what 
I did. Because I am poor, people think anything is 
good enough for me. They send their good things to 
their rich friends." Could we see the sad hearts and 
wounded feelings of the poor, as we can see the joy 
and gladness of the well-to-do and the rich, we would 
be inclined to wonder whether, indeed, we, as a 
Christian people, are having right views of the Christ- 
mastide and the other festive occasions of the year. 
There is a principle that circulates through these 
festivities that we fail to recognize. If we were all 
alike poor, it would not seem hard on the part of - 
any. It is the contrasts that hurt. It is the bounti- 
fulness, the joy and the gladness of the rich that in- 
tensifies the poverty, the distress and the sadness of 
the poor. And it is these seasons of festivities and 
the giving of gifts that makes evident the distinction 
between the rich and the poor. If the joy of the giv- 
ing, upon the part of the well-to-do, could be placed 
in the giving, and the joy of the poor be found in 
the receiving, without any feeling, on their part, that 
a return in kind should be made, it would be a gift 
of love and appreciation. Otherwise it is made a 
sacrifice in exchange, because it is a sacrifice, on their 
part, to make the exchange. 

It seems to us that, in the Christmastide, there should 
be two leading thoughts. First, to show our appre- 
ciation of the Great Gift given to the world, in the 
birth of Christ, and what it means to the world and 
to us as individuals. Second, our giving of gifts 
ought to be a true expression of our feelings of good 
w.Il to men, because of Christ's good will to us in 
giving us salvation which is the gift of God for all 

looking for something better, and never finding that 
which is perfectly satisfactory. Iit this way they may 
figure in building up a half dozen churches, and in like 
manner be instrumental in putting them out of exist- 
ence. A dozen families of this sort, moving into a 
locality and then moving away again, in the course 
of a few years, may think that they are helping to es- 
tablish churches, but they are not. It would be much 
better for these members, as well as for their families 
and the church, if they would settle down somewhere 
and help establish something. Some once flourishing 
churches in the West have been nearly ruined by this 
restless spirit. Even preachers in good circumstances 
have been persuaded to leave otherwise prosperous 
congregations, while they go " fishing " for more of-' 
this world's goods than they need. If some of , our 
people in the West, and in other parts of the Brother- 
hood, would stay by the congregations they help to 
establish, we might have many more congregations 
than we now have. 


A correspondent, who devotes all of his time to 
evangelistic labors, says that in these days there is 
so much " milk and cider " teaching that the man, 
who contends for the whole Gospel, has to work 
against both wind and tide. In this he is correct. 
It is amazing how thoroughly Christianity and world- 
lyism have become mixed. As a rule there is more 
world than Christianity, and more error than Gospel. 
It is no more a question of the true church in the 
world for the purpose of representing the interest 
of heaven on earth, but it 'is a question as to how 
much of the world can be gotten into the church and 
still have the semblance of a church left. Men cease 
to preach sound doctrine because the people, who 
furnish the money, refuse to pay for that kind of 
teaching. They have the money to pay for what 
they want, and there are plenty of men who are 
willing to deal out the Gospel, flavored to suit the 
taste of the people, if the pay is good. The man 
who will earnestly contend for the faith once deliv- 
ered unto the saints has a difficult task, but no more 
so than did the apostles and those who took charge 
of the fields they left. Preaching the whole Gospel 
then required men of faith and nerve, and the same 
thing is true today. Only men of faith and nerve 
can withstand the opposing forces. 

Some of our members, who locate in the West and 
help to establish churches, are inclined to be a little 
too restless for their own good and for the good of 
the cause they represent. After a few years of resi- 
dence in a new locality, they hear of some other place 
that seems to suit their taste better, so they sell out and 
make a second move, only to do the same thin^ over 
a few years later. They keep on the go, all the time 


Some of the Messenger readers are receiving cir- 
culars about an $85,000 church that has just been 
erected, and are asked for a donation to help cancel 
the debt on the building. A communication comes all 
the way from Oregon, asking about the Brethren 
erecting $85,000 churches. The writer thinks that 
members should not be asked to help pay for churches 
costing that much money. So far as we know, there 
is no congregation in the Brotherhood -even thinking 
about putting that much money in a church edifice. 
In fact, we have no congregation that needs a church 
costing $85,000. A congregation needing so costly a 
building should be able to pay for it themselves. 
These are days when a good deal of money is being 
wasted on church buildings, while the mission cause 
goes begging, and if our people understand their busi- 
ness, as stewards of the Lord, they will not put the 
Lord's money where it will be wasted. Some of the 
calls, for money to help pay for churches, are worthy 
of attention and some are not. But it seems strange 
that some one in Oregon should be asked to help pay 
for an $85,000 meetinghouse in one of the Middle 
States. The donation, by rights, ought to go the 
other way. m _ 

We have on our desk the Christmas issue of a lead- 
ing religious journal, containing a picture of the three 
Wise Men of the East, following the star to Bethle- 
hem, in search of the newborn King. The purpose 
of the picture, and the poetry accompanying the same, 
is to make it appear that the Wise Men reached Beth- 
lehem the night that Jesus was born, when it is quite 
generally understood by Bible students that the visit 
of these men did not occur until several months later. 

The star probably appeared to the Wise Men in the 
East at the time the child was born. Some days 
would be required for preparation before beginning the 
journey, and not less than three months' time was 
spent on the long trip across the desert and down 
through Palestine. When they arrived in Bethlehem, 
they found the young child and his mother in a house. 
Matt. 2:11. Joseph had taken his wife and the child 
away from the stable, where the shepherds found them, 
and placed them in a comfortable home. This was 
after the presentation of the child at the temple, and 
just before the trip into Egypt was undertaken. If 
Jesus was born on Christmas, the visit of the Wise 
Men did not take place until some time in the spring. 

The use of the name " Church of the Brethren " 
dates a good deal farther back than most of the 
Messenger readers think. In 1864 H. $.. Holsinger 
established the Christian Family Companion at Tyrone, 
Pa., and a few years later, probably about 1867, in- 
serted this clause on the title page of the volume, for 
that year : " Published by the Editor, by permission 
of the Church of the Brethren." At least the clause 
will be found on the title page of the volume for 1869. 
We do not happen to have the title pages for the vol- 
umes of 1867 and 1868. The volumes for 1866 and 
1865 had no title pages, and only a few issues were 
put out in the fall of 1864. When the Brumbaughs be- 
gan the publishing of the Pilgrim in 1870, this an- 
nouncement 'appeared on the title pages of the early 
volumes: "Published for the Church of the Breth- 
ren." This traces the use of the present name of the 
church back at least forty-two years, and how much 
farther it may be traced, remains to be seen. The evi- 
dence offered would indicate that H. R. Holsinger, 
then a young preacher and editor in the church, was 
the first one to apply the name to the church. Still, 
the term may have been used before his day. 

Our attention has been called to a serious neglect 
in some parts of the Brotherhood. It is reported th-it 
there are churches in which a love feast is not held 
even once a year. The members of these churches, 
desiring to commune, must go to some of the adjoining 
congregations. A neglect of this sort should not long 
be tolerated in any State District. As means of grace 
and spiritual development the ordinances of the house 
of God should be observed at least once a year in 
every congregation in the Brotherhood, and where the 
custom is neglected, the matter ought to be looked 
into by the adjoining elders. When churches are out 
of line in the attire of their members, committees are 
sometimes sent to set them in order. But here is a 
matter that is of more importance than the raiment 
we wear or the food we eat. Jesus tells us in John 
6: 53, that unless we eat his flesh, emblematically, 
and drink his blood, we have no life in us. Churches 
that fail properly to observe the ordinances cannot 
prosper either spiritually or temporally. The love 
feast institutions are essential to their verv existence. 

A minister, who does a good deal of traveling, 
finds a church that he says is dying. The minister 
who conducts most of the services may mean it all 
well, but he is taking the very life out of his people. 
He preaches a little sermon about the opening hymn, 
then, after prayer, follows the regular discourse. The 
closing hymn furnishes an occasion for* another short 
sermon. Three sermons at one meeting is more than 
his people can stand, and as a result very few attend 
the services. Many of the members absent them- 
selves and, as a result, the church is losing. Of course, 
it is strange that a minister cannot see the mistake he 
is making, but that is the way it sometimes goes. Men 
can see the mistakes of others better than their own. 
It would be well, however, if some one could kindly 
tell this minister about the mistake he is making. 
Were this done, he might see the importance of chang- 
ing his method of dealing out the Gospel. It is un- 
fortunate that ministers should be permitted to fall 
into such habits, and thus injure the cause they mean 
to aid. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 




D, t. Miller, Chairman Mt. Morris, 111. 

H. C. Early, Vlce-Chalrman Penn Laird, Va. 

Ii. "W. Teeter, Hagerstown. Ind. 

Oliaa. D. BonBacb, Washington, D. C. 

if. J. Ywler, -Conway, Kans. 

General Mlaelon Board, Elgin, 111. 

" Look to Your Marching Orders." 
The great Duke of Wellington administered a well- 
deserved reproof to a young minister, who spoke slight- 
ingly of foreign missions. He told him: "Look to your 
inarching orders? How do they read? You cannot evade 
the issue!" We all know our responsibility but many 
do try to "evade the issue." No excuses avail. "Some 
can go, most can give, all can pray." The marching or- 
ders must not be changed. " If the Lord wants you for 
a missionary," said Adoniram Judson, " he will send that 
word home to your heart. If he does so, you neglect it 
at your peril." Many life failures among Christians are 
due to the neglect of heeding the great missionary call,— 
the one thing that is to be sought first of all and yet is 
often subordinated to all else, to our great loss. David 
Brainerd, the noble missionary to the North American 
Indians, declared on his dying bed: "I would not have 
spent my life otherwise for the whole world." 

Preachers and Politics. 

When Christ refused to meddle with the affairs of this 
life, as a judge, he laid down a principle or rule of action 
which, according to Canon Fausset, carries a great lesson 
to all leaders of religious thought. Great, indeed, is 
the influence of religious teachers in the external rela- 
tions of life, but only when it is indirectly exercised. 
If ministers interfere directly with secular and political 
matters, the sp,ell of that influence is broken. If they 
take a side,— as in that case they must do— those on the 
opposite side cannot help regarding them as adversa- 
ries, and this necessarily diminishes,— if it does not en- 
tirely destroy,— 'their possibility of usefulness. The 
Church of the Brethren has never deemed it wise to en- 
ter the political arena to the extent of becoming partici- 
pants" in the bitter struggles and disgraceful wrangles, 
so often indulged in by politicians. Her ministers have 
largely succeeded in abiding within their proper sphere, 
and, in consequence, have secured the respect of con- 
tending factions, and frequently mollified the most bit- 
ter feeHngs. It is safe ground to occupy. 

"A Costly Thing to Forget Your Neighbors." 
Jacob Riis, that indefatigable worker in the slums 
of New York, recently expressed himself in the words 
of our heading, and there is a world of truth in .the state- 
ment. New York permitted a shim population of 2,000,- 
000 to grow up as it could, not as "it should, and woke 
up to find itself in the grasp of vicious influences, only 
to be curbed by aggressive evangelistic efforts, — if ever 
it is done. Thousands of dark and unwholesome base- 
ment tenements have been allowed to shelter the growing 
population of the eastern metropolis, when not even a plant 
would thrive in the unsanitary surroundings. Now there 
is a tuberculosis mortality of 10,000 deaths a year, half 
of which is clearly traceable to the dark and airless bed- 
rooms. Undoubtedly there has been, and is, a great neg- 
lect of these matters in all of our large cities, and wc 
shall have to reap the results that are sure to follow, un- 
less something is done to change the deplorable con- 
ditions. Mr. Riis says: "There is much need of work,— 
intelligent work. No matter what the expense may be, 
our cities must be redeemed. Already we have paid an 
immense sum for our neglect. It is a costly thing to 
forget your neighbors." 

The Things We Must Leave Behind. 
When Lord Erskine, of England, was told that a cer- 
tain man was dead, and had left $2,000,000, his lordship 
replied, "That's a poor capital to begin the next world 
with." He was right. Such "a life is a flat failure. 'Such 
a man got no good out of his $2,000,000 in this world, 
and he certainly did not get himself ready for the next. 
What is the grand total of his life, of his toil, of his 
anxious days and sleepless nights? He raked together 
$2,000,000. What did he do with it? He kept it as long 
as he could. Why did he not keep it forever? He died. 
How did he dispose of it? He left it to those who came 
after, and to the squabbles of courts. How much wiser 
to rear a noble and endearing monument with the mon- 
ey entrusted to us! Not a monument of marble, for that 
will crumble; not of brass, for that will tarnish, but of 
noble achievements and a wise stewardship. The man 
who left his $2,000,000 had a chance for real usefulness, 
had he rightly employed the means at hand, but he re- 
fused. "Failure" is not the right word here, — it was 
a sin! It is a sin not to do good. It is a sin to bury 
money in the ground, to lock it up in vaults, to waste it 
on ourselves, when the Lord should be first of all. At 
the opening of this new year, brother and sister, better 
take a good look at the debit and credit columns, and 
see where you stand. Remember, too, that the best wish 

for the new year is easiest to realize, — a perfect balance- 
sheet, one that will stand the test of the Great Book- 

From Bulsar, India. 
The missionary party arrived in Bombay on the after- 
noon of the 6th inst. All were well and happy. The old 
missionaries were glad to be back home, and the new 
ones rejoiced to be in the land of their hopes and prayers, 
Bro, Blough, Sister Quinter, and Sister Sadie Miller, met 
the party in Bombay. When Mrs. Johansen, who trav- 
eled with us. all the way from New York, saw our mis- 
sionaries, who came to meet us, she ^aid, " How well 
they look." You would say so too, could yon see Sis- 
ter Quinter and Sister Sadie. This is the way the cli- 
mate affects some of us. 

This is the beautiful season in India, The evenings 
and mornings are cool enough to make one shiver. The 
nights are cold enough to make one draw up several 
blankets, .and the days are not unpleasantly hot. Tins 
is the time for work. 

Today the wife of the Governor of Bombay died. The 
Government schools are closed and our Orphanage school 
too. The Governor, with his wife, had been at Mahablc- 
eshwar, the summer capital. 

Bro. Stover and family Went to Auklcshwcr today, 
having been here at Bulsar a few days. The Bulsar pen- 
pie are always glad for visits from the Stovers, this hav- 
ing been their home for so many years. 

Sister Quinter accompanied the two new missionaries 
to Jalalpur today. The. two new missionaries will be at 
Jalalpur for language study. A nice quiet place they will 
have, and good assistants in the language with Brother 
and Sister Long. Let us pray that they may soon learn 
the language, quickly to enter upon the work they so 
much long to do, and in which they are so much needed, 
The new church is growing rapidly,— rapidly Eor In- 
dia, — and we hope to have it completed by the time of 
district meeting in March. We arc anxiously awaiting 
its completion, for it is needed so much, 
Bulsar, India, Dec. 11. 

experience is that it is more often for the reason last 
given. Wc are called behind the times— and thank God 
that we arc in many things. Wc have a record of a 
large number of such persons in the Bible. But they 
were the salt of the earth, and without them the world 
would have been much poorer. Just run over the line of 
the prophets and see how many of them would have 
been approved by the hypocritical of today. And was 
not the Christ himself considered behind the times when 
he refused to go forward with the traditions of men 
and clung tenaciously to the Word of God? 

We must not, dare not, stand still. It is our busi- 
ness to follow our Captain, doing the work which he 
left for his church to do. He gave commandments to do 
some things of which the world is ashamed, unwilling 
to obey. It will be well if those who arc ashamed of 
some tilings in the church would seek diligently and 
prayerfully to learn whether any of these things of which 
they disapprove arc contrary to the will of God or hin- 
der the advancement of his work among men. Only 
for these reasons need wc or anyone be ashamed. The 
church must be kept pure and it must go forward if 
its mission is to be accomplished in the world. What- 
ever hinders this is evil. But the rest does not matter 
greatly. Sometimes men get so wise that they know 
not God. Some things have been hidden from the wise 
and prudent ami revealed to the simple. Truth is truth 
and will stand forever, no matter how ignorant the man 
speaking it or how rude the building in which it is spok- 
en. Let us be ashamed only of that which has hindered 
the progress of the kingdom. The rest matters little. 

c M. 

Eliza B. Miller. 

A fc 
who a i 

Why Ashamed? 
weeks ago the Office Editor referred to 


ind it never will 

shamed of the meetinghouses which our fa- 
thers and grandfathers built and in which they worshiped, 
What' he said was to the point. Wc need more such 
things said, for it is to be feared that as a people we are 
becoming ashamed of some things in which wc should 
rather take pride, and that we take pride in some things 
of which we should be ashamed. In this we do not dif- 
fer from other denominations, nor indeed from those 
who stand entirely outside of all religious organizations. 
And so it will be until our minds and wills are con- 
formed to the mind and will of him who created and pre- 
serves us. 

We think a good many thoughts, we say a good many 
words, we do a good many deeds of which we should be 
ashamed; but it happens too frequently that we are not. 
Occasionally we are ashamed pf.that to which we owe . 
most. How many young men and women are ashamed 
of their uncultured, horny-handed parents? And yet if 
it had not been for the hard labor and self-denial of 
these parents, the young men and women would not have 
had an opportunity to secure the culture which they 
think raises them to a higher plane than that on which 
their humble father and mother live. Pity all such, 
both the parents and the children, especially the children. 
Some day they will find out how foolish and sinful their 
thoughts have been. Fortunate will they be if they dis- 
cover their mistake before it is too late to correct it. 

And in the church this custom is not liked, and that one 
is out of date. Some persons have let the fault-finding 
habit grow upon them to such an extent that the one who 
listens to them cannot but wonder why they remain 
with the church if it is as far wrong as they say. They 
overlook the goodi and lead others to do so likewise 
by always talking about what they consider bad or use- 
But the church still stands— God's church will 

stand somewhere to the end of time; 
be without those who arc finding fault with it. Even 
the Master himself did not please all his followers all the 
time while he was here on earth. 

It is quite likely that the church is not perfect, that 
many and great improvements could he made in our 
methods. But at heart the church is right, acting each 
year as it sees, and each year stepping forward into great- 
er light. That is the ideal condition for a church— and 
for all men and women. But when we can do little or 
nothing but condemn, when we refuse to use our strength 
to encourage the good as well as to discourage the bad, 
we come very far short of living up to our privileges. 
No one man or small body of men in the church pos- 
sess all the wisdom in the church. The church lived be- 
fore them— lived even though possessing some of the 
characteristics of which these self-appointed judges pro- 
fess to be ashamed. 

It is good to seek the reason for the faith that is in 
us. Why, and of what, are fault-finders ashamed? Is 
Is it because we come 

First Impressions of the Chinese Language. 
To the new missionary to China the language that 
he must learn, before he can deliver Ins message, forms 
an obstacle that, at first, seems to be insurmountable. 
To the student, in our schools at home, the study of 
German, Latin, and Greek, is a bugbear, from which wc all 
shrank. And it takes a good deal of courage to attempt 
the mastery of the hardest language the world knows 
anything about. To give you some idea of what this 
means, I must tell you of what this language consists. 

The great standard dictionary of Ch'na contains 41.- 
000 characters, but the greater part of these are dupli- 
cates or obsolete. Dr. Williams, in his dictionary, gives 
12,000 characters. The Chinese classics contain 4,754 
different characters. There are, probably, not over 6,000 
characters in general use at the present day. In the Man- 
darin (the language spoken in Shansi) there arc about 
4.000 characters. The average educated Chinese uses 
from two to three thousand. Chinese writing is ideo- 
graphic and is, no doubt, derived from a hieroglyphic 

The characters originally were supposed to be sym- 
bols that suggested the idea of an object without ex- 
pressing its name. A great many of these characters 
have more than one meaning, as do some words in the 
English language. Chinese characters arc concrete 
symbols, which are never modified for the purpose of 
inflection or conjugation, hence we have no case, num- 
ber, mood, or tense, to contend with in the study of 
Chinese, although these would come quite handy, at 
times, when you wish to express yourself plainly. 

The Chinese characters are incapable of being used 
as a means of oral communication, except in ready-made 
phrases. The spoken language is divided into different 
dialects, and sometimes the people of one village can 
be barely understood by their neighboring villagers. The 
written language is the same all over China, but the dif- 
ferent pronunciation of the characters makes a great va- 
riety of dialects. The only dialect that can be under- 
stood, all over China, is the Mandarin or court dialect. 
This is understood only by the officials of each city, 
who must have passed an examination on the same be- 
fore they can hold office under the Chinese Government. 
In several provinces in North China this dialect is 
spoken quite extensively, with, perhaps, a few varia- 
tions. In the Mandarin dialect there are only about 
400 separate syllables or sounds. 

The use of tones (of which there arc five in the Man- 
darin) increases these sounds to about 1,200. The words 
in common use are, of course, many more— three or 
four times as many, hence the necessity of repeating 
the same sound in several different senses,— such as 
ind pare in the English. This, 

pear, pair 

of course, 
causes many mistakes on the part of beginners, of which 
the following are common examples: The word "chmg" 
may mean please, pure, clear, great, the seven passions, 
to engage or hire, the capital, quiet, whole, just, the 
pupil of the eye, and many others. " Sheng " may mean 
to produce life, surname, sound or tone, sacrificial ani- 
mals, a voice, a province, to save, and other meanings 
too numerous to mention. 

One of our friends here, who was receiving callers, 
told her servant to bring a chair, and what she got was 
a piece of soap. Such complications make the language 
very difficult for beginners. Those without a good stock 
of patience had better not come to China, 
it because of the evil in the body? Is it because we come The first thing necessary for the study of -Chinese 

short of our duty? Or is it because some of our manners (and our pocket books became aware of th „> » the 
Ir not whit" he worldly-wise consider up to date? Our purchase textbooks in Chmese and, such as 


'THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 

dictionaries, primers, advanced Mandarin lessons, Chi- 
nese classics, the sacred edict, Pilgrim's Progress, and 
the Chinese Bible, costing from $10 to $15. Then you 
procure a teacher, who comes for an hour or two each 
day. He gives you the pronunciation of the most Com- 
mon characters. He simply talces a book and reads the 
characters, and you follow as best you can, sometimes 
puckering your mouth in a grotesque manner, as you 
try to say some aspirated sound after your teacher. Or 
perhaps you vary this by making Chinese characters 
with a paint brush made of a tuft of camel's hair, glued 
Fast in the end of a piece of bamboo, about the size of a 
lead pencil. Your ink bottle is a stone dish with a basin 
at one end for a little water. Into this you dip your 
stick of India ink and rub it over the surface of the dish. 
This makes a very black ink and is also very cheap, as 
a stick that costs a few cents will last for months. We 
vary this, at times, by writing sentences out of the words 
we have learned, and by trying to talk Chinese with our 
teacher. It is quite amusing to listen to each other, as 
we try to say some new sound over, after the teacher, 
who often laughs at the mistakes that we make. 

Then there are five of us, and we do not all hear alike 
and consequently do not always pronounce alike, and 
at times we cannot understand each other because of this 
difference. Of course, each one of us insists that his or 
her way of saying a word is the correct one, when, if 
the truth were known, I think we are all wrong, for 
when we try our Chinese on the natives, we find that 
at times we are not understood. We are getting hold 
of some of it, however, and feel confident that we shall 
come out more than conquerors in the end. A few mis- 
sionaries have been unable to learn the language. 

A certain sect started work in China who claimed the 
gift of tongues, but they found, to their sorrow, that they 
were not understood and some returned discouraged." 
Others got down to hard study, and succeeded in learn- 
ing the language. Pray that we may soon have a work- 
ing knowledge of the language, that we may proclaim 
liberty to those who are bound in bands of superstition 
and idolatry. Geo. W. Hilton. 

Tai-Yuen Fu, Shansi, China. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so ip good ntws from a far country." 

Fruitdale. — Since writing my article Of Dec. 16, 1908, I 
talked with a slater who lives near the State line of Missis- 
sippi, and she said that the colored people in her neigh- 
borhood want to hear our preaching. Who will carry the 
news to them? They have souls to save. I united with the 
Church of the Brethren at Montlcello, Ind., in 1890, and many 
times after that I have seen, in various congregations, from 
three to five ministering brethren sitting behind the table, 
and I know It la the same in a great many of our churches. 
And as It does not seem possible to get the needed aid any 
other way, I wrote my article of a few weeks ago, hoping 
that I might be able to stir up some one's sympathies in re- 
gard to the work here sufficiently for them to say, " Here am 
I, send me!" — P. M. "White, Fruitdale, Ala,, Jan. 4. 


Covins church met in special council Dec. 21, for the elec- 
tion of Sunday-school officers for the coming year. Sister 
Mary Nlll is to be our superintendent. We expect to begin 
our series of meetings sometime In January, conducted by 
Eld. Moses Deardorff, of Yale, Iowa.— Margaret Brandt, Co- 
vlna, Cal., Jan. 2. 

Imperial Valley Mission today organized the first Brethren's 
Sunday school in this county, with Bro. Ellis Strickler as 
superintendent. We have four classes. Temporarily we oc- 
cupy a schoolhouse a few miles south of El Centre We are 
very much In need of a church in El Centro. Arrangements 
are being made whereby we hope to secure a lot and build an 
edifice of our own. The writer has recently been located at 
this place by the Mission Board of Southern California and 
Arizona. We feel much encouraged with the prospects Al- 
thought somewhat scattered, there are. at present about 
twenty-one members. Brethren who are seeking for a new 
home in a new country, where they may also enjoy church 
privileges, are invited to correspond.— W. M. Piatt, El Centro 
Cal., Jan. 3. 

Pasadena,— Last Sunday Bro. John E. Mohler, of Des 
Moines. Iowa, gave us an interesting sermon. Pour letters 
were received. Two were added by baptism. In the after- 
noon of Jan. 3 a mission Sunday school was organized In 
East Pasadena, with forty-one present and nineteen new 
scholar^ Bro. Hilderbrand was elected superintendent — 
Fanny E. Light. 752 Herkimer Street, Pasadena, Cal Jan 5. 

aeedley church met in council Jan. 2. with Bro D L 
Forney presiding Church and Sunday-school officers were 

tVi, pit S S"nday-school superintendent and Sister 

Lela Beckner, president of Christian Workers' meeting A 
teachers training class has been organized with Bro. W H 
pect to n ho n id a a ^?', Ra ' S t 'r' Lat0n and Reedley Churches et 
TroyeV! £X?"ffi.."2?¥ ""** Hme '" Febr ^-Edith 
t™^ ?°f Aa « eta "— A large amount of business was 
Jl^^i^L ^ last "»"«=»■ There were few changes made 
new year. Bro. Wm. H. Wertenbaker 
Bro. Wm. E. Trostle as elder 
was also chosen as Sunday-school su- 
er as president of the Christian Work- 
i appointed to select leaders for praver 
" Praying Band -• "hT-T Z^l^JJ* £_«!*■£.«*>«««» 
mittee" of four, .. 
keep a record of th 
work is progres: ....„ 
number during the last half yea 

in the officers for the 

was reelected as pastor 

Sister Daisy B. Evans 

perlntendent; the writer 

era. A committee 

meeting, and to make suggestions __ 

has been organized; also" a " Stranger" Con. - 

whoso duty It is to greet strangers, and to 

i attendance of members at services. Our 

• well, and seven have been added to our 

-Ethel M. Church, 719 E. 

Jefferson Street, Los Angeles, CaL, Jan 

Pleasant Ridge church met in quarterly cou 

All busine: 

*£££ ^Sof -R sSI&S 

superintendent. Our Sunday school Is growing We 
nrolled. On Christmas Day we met 


now have twenty-six 

r houi 


Fruita church met In council Jan. 2. Much business was 
transacted. Several new church officers were elected. Sunday 
school, Christian Workers and Junior League were all re- 
organized. Bro. John Austin was elected superintendent of 
Sunday school; Bro. Oliver Austin, president of Christian 
Workers, and Bro. Daniel Horning, superintendent of Junior 
League. The Sunday-school collection for Jan. 3, and the 
birthday offerings for the last quarter, amounting, in all, to 
$5.12, was sent to the Denver Mission. At a previous meet- 
ing six letters of membership were received. — Salome Sharp, 
Fruita, Colo., Jan. 6. 

Rocky Ford church held her quarterly council Jan. 2. All 
the church officers were elected for the year, and the Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' officers for six months, Bro. 
D. Hamm was reelected eider. Sister Emma Hamm was 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Sister Clara Hostedler 
was chosen president of Christian Workers' meetings. Bro. 
Chas. M. Tearout, of Morrill, Kans., began a series of meet- 
ings Jan. 5.— Emma R. Bjorklund, Rocky Ford, Colo., Jan. 7. 


Boise Volley.— We met ln council Saturday afternoon, Dec. 
1!). Two were received by letter, and two letters were granted. 
Heretofore we have been conducting a union Sunday school 
in our church, but at this meeting it was changed to a Breth- 
ren Sunday school, with Bro. S. A. Rhodes superintendent for 
the coming six months. Bro. A. I. Mow, of Weiser, Idaho, 
came to our church and began a Bible Normal on Christmas 
Day, closing Jan. 2. — Naomi Brown Sandy. R. D. 1, Meridian, 
Idaho, Jan. 5. 

Hampa church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. J. C. Neher 
presiding. Three were received by letter, and one letter of 
membership was granted. AH the church officers were elected 
for the year. The various Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers' officers were elected for six months. BrO. J. C. Neher 13 
our presiding elder; Bro. C. V. Whallon, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. On Christmas eve the Sunday school gave a good 
program, in which the children took much Interest. At the 
close they all were treated. Three of our scholars have re- 
cently been received into the church by baptism. Bro. 
Williams, who has lately moved into our congregation, from 
Payette, delivered a very able discourse for us Jan. 3. — Emma 
I. Wine, R. D. 1, Nampa, Idaho, Jan. G. 

Fayette congregation met Dec. 31 ln council, Eld. L, E. 
Keltner presiding. Five letters were granted, and two ac- 
cepted. Eld. S. F. Brower, of the Boise Valley church, was 
chosen as our elder. The writer was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent; and Sister Pansy Pratt, secretary. Bro 
Albert Mohler was elected president of the Christian Work- 
ers' meeting: secretary and treasurer. Sister Jennie Gotham. 
Bro. E. W. Pratt was chosen to act as foreman In the absence 
of the elder. The Fruitland branch of our congregation ex- 
pect to enjoy a series of meetings soon. — J, C. Himler, Pay- 
ette, Idaho, Jan. 2. 


Allison Prairie (111.) church met in council Jan 2 our 
elder, S. W. Garber. presiding. Bro. James Jelllson was 
chosen church trustee; Bro. Adam Jelllson, treasurer- Clara 
Douglass, correspondent. The Sunday school was reorganized 
for six months, with Bro. George Garber, superintendent. All 
business passed on: pleasantly.— Clara Douglass, R D. 5 Vln- 
cennes, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Batavia church met in council Jan. 8. Bro. S. S. Btough 
presided in the absence of our elder, Bro. Jas. M. Moore. One 
letter was received and one was granted. All business passed 
off in a pleasant manner. — Kathryn Barkdoil, Naperville 111 
Jan. S. 

Blue Eidgo congregation met in council Jan. 2, Eld S 
Heitz, of Cerro Gordo, presiding. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for one year, and Christian Workers' offi- 
cers for six months. Bro. J. C. Lightcap was elected super- 
intendent. The writer was chosen Messenger correspondent 
and agent. Sister Irene Hoover is president of Christian 
Workers. Our Sunday school opens with good attendance and 
good interest. — Cyrus Walllck, Mansfield, 111., Jan. 4. 

Cerro Gordo church met ln council Jan. 1. Considerable 
business came before the meeting. Sunday-school officers 
were chosen for one year, Bro. Harry Leedv being reelected 
superintendent. Officers for Christian Workers' meeting were 
also elected for one year. Eld. J. W. Lear was reelected elder 
for three years, also as our pastor for one year. Several 
letters of membership were received, and a few were granted 
—Mrs. Emma Wheeler. Cerro Gordo, 111., Jan. 2. 

Coal Creek church met in council Jan. 2, our elder. S Buck- 
lew, presiding. Bro. J. H. Baker was also with us We re- 
organized our Sunday school for 1909, with Bro. J. C. Cover, 
superintendent. We have had good attendance for the be- 
ginning of the year. Bro. Baker was with us over Sunday 
and preached two very able discourses.— S. Leslie Cover, R 
D. C, Canton, 111., Jan. 7. 


Blue River congregation met in council Jan. 2. We had a 
pleasant meeting. Jan. 18, immediately after the dedication 
Bro. Samuel Burger will begin a series of revival meetings' 
ertie Hire, Churubusco, Ind., Jan. 4. 
district closed a series of meetings at the Riverside 
house with a crowded house. The meetings lasted two weeks 
and were conducted by Bro. Eli Hoke, of Goshen. His wife 
assisted us in the song service. There were no additions to 
the church, but the- members were greatly strengthened — 
Monroe Martin, Bremen, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Back Creek church convened in council Dec. 2G, with Eld 

o, ", ?, epl0Kl ? ,'" charge. All business was disposed of in 
a Christian spirit. Brethren Abram and D. E. Bowman were 
With us, to assist in some church work. The Sundav school 
was reorganized with Bro. Jacob Swoveland as superintendent. 
— Phcbe E. Teeter, Mooreland. Ind., Dec. 31. 

Bel River church met in special council Jan. I. One letter 
a™?? 1 A**, P W ^ 3 er;iilted - Brethren Alphens Ulrey, Charles 
Arnold Qulnter Brower and George F. Leckrone were elected 

RriFhrf^w ■£ °^° e ; an i With t,,eir wives were dul >' ^stalled. 
Brethren W R. Deeter, D. Snell and A. J. Wertenberger were 

£«h US ' a D nd a ^ slsted in the work. Four were received by 
baptism. Bro. Deeter preached for us over Sunday.— Marv E 

for i 


North Manchester, Ind. 
Fairview church 
presided. Bro. 


Eld. David Dilling 

net in council Jan. 2'. 

. Fouts was with us. Our Sunday school 
lpHp ™ rsan ized ' w ' th Br °- J- W. Root, superintendent. One 
letter of membership was received, and two were granted 
Considerable business came before the meeting but all was 
Pleasantly disposed of. Bro. E. S. Fouts preafhed for us on 
Sunday.— Anna E. Wagoner. Coiburn, Ind., Jan. 4. 

SliBsisBinewa,— On Christmas Day Bro. Aaron Moss, of Hunt- 
ington Ind.. preached at the Union Grove house. Last Sunday 
?Mfl P iV; £.,fLh e « er< ? Converse - *»"- Preached at the 
™h* / e .. mining and evening. In my report of 
on i Xf, meetln P conducted by Bro. John M. Smith, of 
■■ " which appeared ln Gospel Messenger, Jan. 2, 
should have been added: Bro. Smith 
the whole counsel of God and two 
-John F. Shoemaker, Shideler, 

Woodland, Mich., 
1909. the following 
shunned not to decla: 
precious souls were baptized - 
Ind., Jan. " 

^^TlXS^-;— ; fig? 

Bro. J. C. Murray, of North Manchester, came 

to us Dec. 12 and assisted In a two weeks' meeting Dec '0 

7 e « m i. S.™ U ». e,I - w " h f d - David billing presiding. Elders 

~i. Heeter and S. G. Sites (the latter from 

ere -present. An election for a minister 

Dilling was chosen. The Installation 

Brethren Murray and Heeter 

officiating. Bro. Ira Kauffman is president of our Christian 
Workers' meeting for the next six months, and Bro. R. G. 
Iveever Is superintendent of the Sundav school. — Mrs. R. G. 
Keeyer, Montlcello, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Mt. Pleasant church met In council Jan. 2, our elder. S. F. 
Sanger, presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro. Isaac Huffman is our 
Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Oliver Miller is the presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' meeting. Sister Lina Stoner is 
the superintendent of ■ the home department. Bro. Sanger 
remained until Wednesday, and preached five sermons for 
us. — Lera Huffman, New Ross, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Nonleaville church began a splendid revival Dec. 6, and con- 
tinued for three weeks. Bro. Joseph Spitzer held these meet- 
ings. We were strengthened very much by his sermons. We 
had good attendance and good interest. Sunday we reorgan- 
ized our Sunday school. Bro. John A. Stern is our superin- 
tendent, and Katie Baliff, secretary. Tuesday evening we or- 
ganized a Bible Study class, with Bro. William Burcham, 
director. These meetings are to be held at Bro. Burcham's 
home at 7:30 on Thursday evening. We elected a new cor- 
respondent, Sister Lucy Heiny. — Grace B. Stern, Noblesville, 
Ind., Jan. 6. 

North Liberty church met In regular council Jan. 2. at the 
house in town. Our elder. Daniel Hnrtman, presided. Officers 
were elected for the year, and ell arrangements for church 
work were very satisfactory. We have two evergreen Sunday 
schools, with fair attendance and good Interest. Two have 
been received by baptism since our last report. Sister Dorothy" 
Foot was chosen corresponding secretary for the year — Mrs 
Elmer Helm, North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Ogans Creek. — Since our last report we have held a series 
of meetings, conducted by Bro. Geo. Swihart, of Roann. Bro. 
S. N. McCarin held three very interesting meetings for us 
beginning Jan. 2. On Sunday evening his subject was Reli- 
gion In India, after which a collection of S5.80 was taken up 
for world-wide mission work.— Sallle E. Cart, North Manches- 
ter, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Ridge Schoolhouse.— Dec. 3, following the Sunday school 
Bro. Jacob Heistand, of Pine Creek congregation, broke the 
Bread of Life to us. He will return in four weeks.— Hattie 
Carbiener, Bremen, Ind.. Jan. 8. 


Coon River.— Bro. Paul Mohler, of Bethany Bible School, 
closed a ten days' Bible Normal today. Though the attend- 
ance was not what we thought it ought to have been, the 
interest was good from start to finish. The class was often 
surprised at truths dug out of such plain, practical and 
familiar subjects as prayer, reconciliation, treasure etc. 
ThB closing hours were solemn and impressive. — J. D 
Haughtelin, Panora, Iowa, Dec. 30. ' 

Des Moines Valley.— We feel greatly refreshed and strength- 
ened by our week of Bible Study, at the opening of the new 
year. The work was conducted by Bro. W. H. Lichty, of 
Waterloo. Four classes, — "Acts," "Life of Paul" '" Sunday- 
school Pedagogy" and "Outline Normal Work" were given 
daily, and also a sermon in the evening. Young and old were 
interested, and much good seed was sown. Especially im- 
pressive were the closing messages on Sundav. "God Talking 
to Us." and "Walking with God."— Marie L. Jasper Ankeny 
Iowa, Janr 7, 

Dry Creek congregation assembled Jan. 2 in council our 
elder. F. M. Wheeler, presiding. Church officers were elected 
for the coming year, also Christian Workers' officers The 
Christian Workers gave a very spiritual Thanksgiving pro- 
gram. The Sunday school also gave an excellent Christmas 
program Sunday evening, Dec. 20. The work is moving along 
nicely, with good attendance at all of the services. Bro. 
and gave us two Wisplring 
. Jan. 4. r 

English River.— We recently had Prof. Brunk, of Indiana, 
conduct a singing class for us. He is an able instructor, and 
his work had a telling effect upon our congregational singing. 
Our Sunday school was recently reorganized with Brethren 
W. F. East and Frank Brown as superintendents, and Sister 
Ollle Coffman, secretary. Our winter has been very mild, and 
our services have been well attended.— Peter Brower, South 
English, Iowa, Jan. 6. 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 2, with our elder, Bro. 
A. Wolf, presiding. All business passed off harmoniously. 
Three letters of membership were received. Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the first half of the year. Sister 
Eva Bailey was chosen superintendent. The writer was 
chosen Messenger correspondent.— Sadie P. Whisler, Udell 

-Minnie B. Mcnizer. Robin 


, Jan 

C. Murray 

West Virginia). 

was held, and Bro. Ro„ _ 

service was appointed for Jan. 

Franklin County church met in quarterly council Dec. 31, 
Bro. Wm. H. Pyle presiding. Much business came before the 
meeting and was disposed of in a Christian manner. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. 
Si=ter Hattie Allen was chosen as Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. The -writer was chosen president of the Christian Work- 
ers' meeting. One letter of membership has been granted 
since our last report. Dee. 20 a collection was taken up to 
fur*l»h Christmas dinners for the poor at the St. Joseph 
MiMion.— El«ie A. Pyle, R. D. 5, Hampton, Iowa, Jan. 4. 

Xdb«Tbj Till* church met in council Dee. 20, Eld. W N Glot- 
f«lty- presiding. Three letters of membership were granted. 
Dec. 27 we reorganized our Sunday school for six months. 
Bro. T. J. Looney was reelected superintendent. Dec 27 Bro 
J. E. Keller preached at the Pleasant Hill church Dec 29 
Bro. C. E. Wolf preached at the Batavia house, and Jan 1 he 
preached for us. The meetings were well attended.— H B 
Johnston, R. D. 3, Batavia, Iowa, Jan. 2. 

Notice to Churches of the Southern District of Iowa: By 
request of the Libertyvllle church the officer's of last district- 
meeting have consented to a change in the time of holding 
district meeting for 1909. from Oct. 22 to Sept, 24 — W N 
Glotfelty, District Clerk, Batavia. Iowa, Jan. 1. 

South Ottumwa We are in need of clothing and other sup- 
plies to help the poor. Cold* weather is here, and many of 
the men are out of work. Many mothers and children must 
suffer for want of the necessities of life.' Then we find wid- 
ows, with families to support, and we feel it our duty to help 
them. There is also much sickness In our town, and some 
have been afflicted for weeks and months. We appeal to the 
brethren and sisters to help these needy ones. Send all sup- 
plies to the writer. Please notify me when you send clothing 
—Geo. W. Burgin. 223 South Moore St., South Ottumwa, Iowa 
Jan. 6. 

South Waterloo church convened in council Jan. 5, with 
Bro. A. P. Blougb presfdlng. Considerable business was dis- 
posed of, including the election of church officers for the 
year, and business of a financial nature. Our Thanksgiving 
offering was donated to the Denver, Colo., church. Three 
members were received by letter, and five letters were 
granted. One of the Mt. Morris brethren will conduct a Bible 
term for us during this month.— S. Sweitzer, Waterloo, Iowa, 
Jan. 7. 

Garden City church met in council Jan. 2, Eld. J. E. Crist 
presiding. Eight letters were granted and ten were received 
by letter. Bro. S. E. Thompson and familv leave us in the 
near future, to take charge of the mission' work in Lincoln 
Nebr. Bro. J. E,. Crist, of the Prairie View church, was chosen 
as our elder. Bro. Thompson has had charge of the work 
here since its beginning,— now about five years. We feel our 
loss very keenly, as he has been a very efficient worker on 
tho frontier. We reorganized our Sunday school. Bro. D. A 
Sheaks was elected superintendent. Our average attendance 

for the past quarter was 71; average contribution 76 cents 

Ljllie Phillips. Garden City, Kans., Jan. 7. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 


Monitor church met in council Dec. 23. Two were received 
by letter. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. 
J. J. Yoder, elder; Bro. J. W. Mlahler, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Bro. W. H. Yoder. president of Christian Workers- 
band- Our aid society reported goods sent out, during the 
past six months, amounting to §41. One day was spent in 
helping a widow with five small children. The Sunday-school 
contributions for the coming .quarter are to be sent to the 
Kansas State Orphanage Society. A home department has 
been started during the year. At present we have enrolled 
twenty-five members, and not all our territory has been can- 
vassed. The committee -which had been appointed to draw 
up plans for a new' church reported. The church decided to 
commence the work of building as soon as spring opens. Wo 
hope to have a house that will more conveniently accommo- 
date our growing Sunday school. — Emma Yoder, Conway, 
Kans., Jan. 2. 

Oakley. — Bro. T. E. George came to this place three weeks 
ago and delivered twenty-three sermons, closing last Sun- 
day. One dear young sister accepted Christ by baptism. This 
makes six baptized during the last year. Eight years ago 
wife and I came to this place, then the only members for 
thirty miles around. Bro. George preached for us once each 
-month, occasionally giving us a few weeks' meetings. Last 
spring 1 Bro. C. S. Hon* located with us, and now fills our 
regular appointments. Two more moved in this winter, and 
we are expecting four more next spring, which will make 
sixteen, in all. We are greatly encouraged.— li. S. Thompson, 
B. D. 1, Oakley, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Overbroofc church met in council Jan. 2, with Eld. Wm. 
Weybrlght presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. Wey- 
brigbt was reelected elder in charge, and Ezra Fishburn su- 
perintendent of Sunday school. Bro. Geo. A. Fishburn was 
chosen president of the Christian Workers.— B. O. Hoover, 
Overbrook, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Scott "Valley church met in regular quarterly council on 
Saturday morning, Jan. 2, our elder, Bro. Chas. A. Miller, 
presiding. Brethren E. E. Joyce and S. E. Lantz were also 
with us. The membership was unusually well represented 
and the spirit of the meeting was commendable throughout. 
Four were received and three dismissed by letter. Sunday- 
school officers were chosen for the ensuing year. Bro. J. S. 
Sherfy was reelected superintendent. Our church chorister, 
Bro. J. C. Clark, having resigned and moved away, Bro. J. S. 
Sherfy was ciiosen to fill the vacancy. An election was held 
for help in the ministry and the deacon's office. Brethren F. 
R. Smith and J. S. Sherfy were called to the ministry, and 
Brethren H. C. Smith and J. O. Studebaker to the office of 
deacon. All, with their wives, were duly installed. The church 
decided to have preaching each Sunday morning and evening 
for three months. We also decided to have Bro, Miller begin 
our revival effort next Saturday evening, Jan. S. to continue 
indefinitely. Bro. Miller has recently located among us and 
the members feel much encouraged. On Sunday following the 
council, Bro. Lantz preached for us in the, morning, and Bro. 
Jovce in the evening. — Leona Sherfy, Westphalia. Kans., Jan. 


Middletown Valley congregation met in council Jan. 1, our 
elder, Geo. S. Harp, presiding. All business passed off pleas- 
antly. We decided to hold our love feast May 22, to be pre- 
ceded by a two weeks' series of meetings, to be conducted by 
Bro. Silas Hoover, of Pennsylvania. Jan. 3 we reorganized 
our Sunday school with the writer as superintendent.— "C. N. 
Frushour, Myersville, Md., Jan. 4. 

Berrien church met in council recently, the writer presiding. 
Much business came before the meeting. On the following 
day, Sunday, one was reclaimed and one letter of member- 
ship received.— R. J. Shreve, Buchanan, Mich., Jan. 5. 

Sugar Bidgre. — Bro. Ira Wagoner, of Chicago, and Bro. 
Bruce Miller, of McPKerson, preached to us, Instructively, on 
several occasions during the Holidays. We feel the logs of 
Bro. J. Homer Bright and wife, who left us for Bethany 
Bible School. The birthday bank", cradle roll, and teachers' 
meeting are helpful factors in our Sunday-school work. — D. 
F. Warner, Custer, Mich., Jan. 4. 

Tfcornapple.— Eld. John G. Rarick, of Eaton, Ind., closed a 
series of twenty-one sermons at the center house Jan. 3. Eld. 
Rarick preached the Word with earnestness and power. One 
letter has been received since our last report. We now have 
ninety-one members. The East Thornapple Sunday school 
decided to continue the support of an India orphan for the 
coming year. A Christmas offering was sent to the St. Joseph 
Mission; also one Sunday-school collection to the Chicago 
Sunday-school Extension Fund, which has so kindly remem- 
bered our scholars with books. — Grace E. Messner. Lake 
Odessa, Mich., Jan. 4. 

Boot "River church met in council Dec. 24, with our elder, 
J, F. Souders, presiding. Bro. Souders was chosen as elder, 
and pastor. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. 
John Ogg as superintendent. — Ella M. Ogg, Preston, Minn., 
Dec. 29. 

Itog Creek church met In council Jan. 2, our elder, J. E. 
Ellenberger, presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the coming year.: D. A. Moats, clerk; M. L. 
Moats, treasurer; J. R. Ellenberger, solicitor. Olen Hardman 
was reelected Messenger agent; M. L. Moats, superintendent; 
Sister Bernlce Stair, secretary. We decided to hold our series 
of meetings some time in August. At a council Nov. 28, Bro. 
D. A. Shirk was advanced to the full ministry. — Ada Moats, 
Polo, Mo., Jan. 4. 

Prairie View. — The district of Middle Missouri has just 
closed one of the most spiritual and helpful Bible and Sunday- 
school Institutes ever held in the Prairie View church, con- 
ducted by Bro. H. M. Harvey, of Bethany Bible School. Bro, 
Harvey is an able instructor and did a good work for us. 
Bro. O. H. Yereman was with us and preached an excellent 
missionary sermon. He also lectured on " Teacher and Les- 
son." The Institute closed Jan. 2. Bro. Chas. Lentz re- 
mained with us over Sunday and preached two sermons. Our 
elder then continued the meetings for a few days. As a "re- 
sult, three came out on the Lord's side. — R. H. Llngle, R. D. 
3, Versailles, Mo., Jan. 6. 

Alton church met in council Jan. 2. A trustee, a janitor 
and officers for pur Christian Workers' meeting were elected. 
Bro. George Mishler was chosen elder for the coming year. 
We decided to have prayer meeting at the church each Wed- 
nesday evening. Bible Study, to be conducted by Sister Alice 
Garber, will follow the prayer meetings each evening.— Nellie 
Foster, Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 4. 

Beatrice church had a program on Christmas eve, entitled 
"Christmas Glory," after which all enjoyed a treat, and were 
also given a chance to bring gifts for the poor. In distributing 
these gifts, a few days later, we visited one oid German lady, 
living in a small shanty by herself. She is almost a hun- 
dred years old. She gratefully received our gift. New Year's 
Day we held our members' meeting. Bro. Bosserman was 
ciiosen as our elder for another year. Sunday-school officers 
were elected as follows: Ralph Chamberlln, superintendent; 
Willie Hopkins, secretary. It was agreed to set aside the col- 
lection of one Sunday in each quarter for mission purposes. 
Sunday evening, at Christian Workers* meeting, new officers 
we re elected for six months as follows: Mae Price, president; 
Forest Eisenhise, secretary. Committees on leaders and pro- 
grams are to be appointed by the president. Each member 
of our congregation received a New Year's message from our 

pastor and wife, thanking us for helpfulness in the past, and 
praying God's blessing on us in the future. Such tokens of 
love bind pastor and members closer together in their work 
for the Master. — Allle Eisenblse, Beatrice, Nebr., Jan. 3, 

Juniata Brethren J. D. and George Mishler came to this 

place Dec. 12, remained three weeks and preached each even- 
ing. Twelve souls accepted baptism^ The church has been 
greatly strengthened and built up. A communion service was 
held during the^meetlngs. Wo greatly appreciated the pres- 
ence of Sisters Lizzie and Sarah Mishler. One young man 
awaits baptism. — Mrs, Amos Shattuck, Juniata, Nebr., Jan. 4. 

lone. — We have a good country, but, as yet, no Brethren 
have located here, or even visited our land. Our country Is as 
good as any in New Mexico. At present we are thirty-five 
miles from the C, R. I. & P. R. R., and southeast of Union 
County, We have good water, fertile land and good American 
neighbors. We are 10S miles southeast of Springer, and have 
a Brethren settlement. Some good land may be had yet, also 
several good relinquishments. I am no land agent and have 
no land for sale, but if any of tiie Brethren expect to locate 
near here, we would be glad to have them come this way, — a 
few church workers at least. Write me with enclosed stamp 
and I will tell the rest. I will be glad to meet any one at 
the station, upon request, but must know at least a week or 
two in advance, as I live twelve miles from the postofnee. — 
H. N. Kerr, lone, N. Mex., Jan. 2. 

Miami church met In council Jan. 2. Nine members were 
received by letter, making our present number twenty-four. 
Our recent Sunday-school reorganization resulted In retain- 
ing the old officers. The attendance has been gradually in- 
creasing, and yesterday, Jan. 3, the one hundred mark was 
passed. The average attendance for the quarter Jnst closed 
was sixty-five. Recently a cradle roll department was added 
to our school. Its present enrollment Is twelve. Sister Susie 
Senseman is the superintendent. Bro. R. I, Troup was chosen 
president of Christian Workers* society, with Bro. Chas. Sen- 
seman, secretary and treasurer. Bro. Lapp Is also chorister 
for the evening service and song service preceding. The out- 
look here is quite encouraging. — Cora Wampler, Miami, N. 
Mex., Jan, 4. 


Black Biver.— Our elder, A. S. Workman, of North Man- 
chester, Ind., conducted our series of meetings, beginning 
Dec. 12. and closing Jan. 3. Five of our Sunday-school schol- 
ars await the rite of baptism. Two sisters were restored. 
We reorganized our Sunday school Dec. 27, with Bro. Henry 
Kilmer as superintendent for the next six months. — Wm. P. 
Wertz, R. D. 2, Spencer, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Donnola Creek. — Bro, D. C. Stutsman closed Ills series of 
meetings at New Carlisle Dec. 27, with ten accessions by 
baptism. On Christmas Day, at the country house, we wero 
favored with a splendid sermon by Bro. I, B. Trout: also on 
the Sunday following. We are hearing many good things at 
the Sunday-school Teachers' Institute, In progress at New 
Carlisle.— Hettle F. Barnhart, R. D. 4, Box 95, New Carlisle, 
Ohio. Dec. 30. 

"Little St. Joe. — A very Interesting series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. D. P. Koch, of Montpelier, closed Dec. 20. He 
delivered sixteen soul-cheering sermons. The members wero 
very much encouraged. The attendance and interest were very 
good. We are having an interesting Sunday school this win- 
ter. In a council, held last November, Bro, J. W. Kllllnrt was 
ordained as elder. Brethren W. R. Deeter and David F. 
Hoover were present. Dec. 19 we held our council, with Eld, 
J. W. Killian presiding. We will have a singing school each 
Thursday evening for some time, beginning Jan. 7, conducted 
by Eld. J. W. Killian.— Mellie Kyser, R, D. 4, Box 60, Ant- 
werp, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Zioramie congregation held a term of Bible work, Including 
instruction in music, commencing Dec. 25 and closing Jan, 2. 
The singing was conducted by Sister Sadie Stutsman, and 
the Bible work, based on the Ten Commandments, wa3 given 
by Bro. H. H, Helman. both of North Manchester College, 
Ind. We had good attendance, and we feel that much good 
has been done through these meetings. Our protracted meet- 
ing will begin Jan. 31, to be conducted by Bro. Stutsman, of 
Dayton. — AlUe Helman, Dawson, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Lower Miami.— Our Sunday school reorganized at the be- 
ginning of the year by electing Bro. Bruce Ruble, superin- 
tendent. A singing school is now in progress, conducted by 
Chas. Swope. Bro. Jesse N'offsinger, recently elected to llio 
ministry In this church, preached his first sermon last Sun- 
day to an attentive audience. — J. O. Garst, R. D. 6, Dayton, 
Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Middle District.— Bro. John Eikenbcrry gave us one Inspir- 
ing sermon today. He also led the song services in the even- 
ing. Bro. D. C. Stutsman, of Dayton, Ohio, began a series 
of meetings at this place on Sunday evening. Jan. 3, — Jos. H. 
Stark, R. D. 1, Box 79, Tadmor. Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Richland.— Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Reu- 
ben Shrqyer, still continues, with good attendance and atten- 
tion, in spite of stormy weather and bad roads. Two more 
decided for Christ, making seven to date. All were received 
by baptism on Christmas Day. We expect Bro. Shroyer to 
remain with U3 next week. Some are near -the kingdom. — 
Ira E. Long, R. D. 1, Mansfield, Ohio, Dec. 20. 


Elk City. — The outlook for this congregation Is encouraging. 
We organized the first Brethren Sunday school, beginning with 
this quarter. Bro. M. M. Chambers is superintendent and Sis- 
ter Stella Neher, secretary and treasurer. We have the ubq 
of the Advent churchhouse, where we have four preaching 
services each month. Eld. D. Chambers and wife, from Michi- 
gan, are here for the winter, and are giving us valuable as- 
sistance. Those desiring to locate in a mild and healthful 
climate, where there are good school privilege*, and regular 
Sunday school and church services by the Brethren, will find 
these advantages at Elk City.— J. F. Neher, Elk City, Okla., 
Jan. 6. 

Bed Biver congregation met In council Dec. 31, at our new 
church, eleven miles southeast of Frederick, Okla. The en- 
lire day was spent In transacting business. Four letters of 
membership were received, and nine letters granted. The fol- 
lowing are the church officers for the ensuing year: Elder, 
A. G. Fillmore; clerk, F. E. Marchand; treasurer. Otho Pobst; 
Messenger agent and church correspondent, A. B. Coover; In- 
surance solicitor, Otho Pobst, Sunday-school officers were 
elected for six months, with Bro. Harry Murphy, superintend- 
ent. — A. B. Coover, Davidson, Okla., Dec. 31. 


Coquille church held her quarterly council Dec. 2. Bro. 
J. S. Root "was chosen elder In charge for the ensuing year. 
Bro. J. F. Stevens was "chosen Messenger agent. The writer 
was reelected church correspondent. Christian Workers' pro- 
gram eqmmifctee: Sister Michael, Sister Naomi Root, and 
Bro. Wesley Barklow. The varlons items of business were 
disposed of in love and union. — Anne Barklow, Myrtle Point, 
Oregon, Jan. 7. 

Mohawk Valley church met In council Jan. 2 with our Bro. 
W. H. Pullen presiding. We elected our church officers, and 
also reelected our Sunday-school officers. A collection of 
J1.75 was taken up for home mission work. We meet in our 
next council the first Saturday In April. The writer was 
chosen church correspondent. We arc glad to have Bro. 
Pullen locate with us, as Bro. Jacob Bahr Is not able to preach 
for us on account of old age. Our elder, Philip Workman, has 
been sick for some time, and Is still complaining. — Sarah 
Bricker, Mabel, Oregon, Jan. 3. 

Nowberg church met In quarterly council Jan. 2. with" Bro. 
G. C, Carl in charge. A largo amount of business was satis- 
factorily disposed of by the church. Eld. G. C. Carl, of Port- 
land, was chosen as elder for the coming year, and Bro P S 
Van Dyke as foreman. Sister Sarah Van Dyke is our Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister n. King, president of the Chris- 
tian Workers; Sister Rosa Dunlap, Publishing House agent; 
and the writer, correspondent. Nine members were received 
by letter. The sisters' aid society asked the" privilege to 
bnSUl an addition to the church, to be used as a work room 
which was grunted. A free-will offering of (10 was taken 
The church is In splendid working condition, but a resident 
elder, to take charge of the work, Is needed. — John Barnhart. 
Nowborg. Oregon, Jan. 4. 

Portland (Oregon). — Husbnnd and I attended the four 
weeks' term of Bible School, held In this city, conducted by 
Bro. Lauvor, of Chicago, closing Dec. 23. He certainly Is 
the mnn for this kind of work. Ho teaches the Bible from its 
own standpoint. — not man's views. It Is the plan now to have 
a slmllor term each year, from now on, only a longer term If 
possible. What a glorious tiling It would be, and how much 
our Brotherhood would be strengthened, If every one, within 
reach of those schools, could attend. This school was for the 
district of Oregon. Washington and Idaho. There were at 
least twelve churches represented, with about fifty students 
enrolled. The services of a cook were secured, and we all 
ate together as one fnmlly, It was held la the Portland 
church, and nearly everyone lived nt the church during the 
month of school. Bro. D. M. Click, of Tekoa, Wash, gave 
some lectures and stereoptlcon vlows of the Holy Land, which 
were Indeed very interesting.— Joslo Garrett, R. D. 3, Box 
CI, North Yaklmn, Wash,, Dec. 30. 


Bolivar congregation met in council In the Robinson house 
Dec. 26, Elder A. Fyock presiding. The business before the 
meeting was pleasantly disposed of. Church officers were 
elected for the coming year. Bro. James Botts was chosen 
treasurer and the writer, secretary and correspondent for 
tho church. Sunday-school olueors wore elected for six 
months, with Bro, Rnbt, T. Brondllnger, superintendent, and 
Slstor Dean Betts, secretary.— Chas. D. Brendllngor. Box 5 
Robinson, Pa.. Doe. 27. 

Chamborsburg Mission.— Bro. Win. A. Anthony preached a 
Christmas sermon at tho new church, at our mission on 
Fourth Street, this city, Doc. 27. After the Sunday-school 
exercises In tho morning tho entire school was remembered 
by a treat. The school now numbers 110. with bright pros- 
pects. Bro. Anthony was presented with a purse by some 
of the brethren and Bisters. The sisters' aid society is organ- 
izing to do more missionary work, Tho homo department 
and tho cradle roll will also bo n great help to our Sunday 
school,— J. W. Crusoy, Vino Street, Chnmborsburg. Pa., Dec. 30. 

Clover Crook.— Tho revival meeting, at this place, conducted 
by Bro. Isaac Frantz, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, which began 
Nov. 2S, nnd closed Doc. 22, proved to bo a very Interesting 
as well^as spiritual mooting, Twonty-throo were added to the 
church by baptism, and one was reclaimed. Others are near 
tho kingdom. Our church has been strengthened and encour- 
aged. The attendance and Interest wore good through all 
tho services. Sunday, Doc. Q, wo had a children's meeting 
prior to tho sermon. Bro. Frantz gavo a very Instructive talk 
to tho many children present, On Christmas Day Bro John 
Bashoro preached for us,— Mabel 10. Kenslnger, Clover Creek 
Pa., Dec, 28, 

Falrviow. — Our series of meetings, conductod by Eld, J. A. 
Murray, of Sterling, Ohio, closed Nov. 11, Slnco then two 
have been received by baptism. Wo havo enrolled In our 
.Sun. lay schonl 106 [niplls. We also havo a very Interesting 
Christian Workers' meeting.— J. II. Snowberger, Shollytown. 
Pa,, Jan. 6. 

Qeorg-ee Crook church met In council Jan. 1, Eld, Jasper 
Barnthouse presiding. Bro. Wm, Townsond was elected Sun- 
day-school superintendent and urn, p, f. Durr, president of 
Christian Workers' meeting. Wo decided to have preaching 
each Sunday, Instead of every other Sunday. Bro. W. J. Ham- 
ilton, of MorgantOWn, W. Vo,, preached for us In the evening. 
— Wm, Playford Helmlck, Masontown, Pa.. Jan. 6, 

aormantown.— Our Sunday school held Its Christmas serv- 
ice on the evening of Dec. 30, An Interesting program was 
given, mostly by the children, who did their part well. After 
receiving their usual trout, they went home happy. Wo also 
held a watch-meeting on New Year's eve. It was an Interest- 
ing and Impresslvo service. While on our knees In prayer, 
the clock struck twelve, which told us that the New Year was 
ushered In. After Ringing, "Abide With Me," wo greeted each 
other with "A Happy Now Year," and wont home. — Anna 
Swlgart, fitlll Germuntown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa,, Jan. 4. 

Groonsburg.- The work at this place Is progressing nicely. 
Bro. R. T. Hull, of Somerset, Pa., Is lining our regular ap- 
pointments during tho wlnler months. Flvo were baptized 
Jan, 3, This makes eight slnco the work began at this place. 
Olio awaits baptism. — H. P. Galoiitlne, 122 Washington St., 
Groonsburg, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Little Swato-ra. — An Interesting series of meetings was held 
at the Silegler house by Bro. I El ram E. Kay lor, beginning 
Dec. 5, and continuing until Dec. 20. One came out on the 
Lord's sldo and was baptized. Our council was held Dec. 14. 
Eld. 10. M. Wenger presiding. All business passed off pleas- 
antly. Tho Sunday-school officers for our five Sunday schools, 
with some few changes, wero reelected for another year. 
Bro. Israel Gray bill came to us Dec. 21, continuing over 
Christmas. He gave us some very practical sermons. A 
series of meetings at Hie Union meetinghouse will commence 
Jan, 2. Bro. J, IT. Longanecker Is expected lo assist In the 
meetings, — Henry M. Frantz, Cross Kill Mills, Pa., Dec. 30. 
(Continued on Page 4S.) 


" Write what thou secst, and send It unto the churches." 


Bro. Israel fitces was born in Mifflinburg, Union Co., 
Pa., June 6, 1842, and departed this life Jan. 1, 1909, aged 
sixty-six years, six months and twenty-five days. 

Bro. Stees spent his youth and early manhood in his 
native State. He was united in marriage, June 19, 1S64, 
to Sister Mary Diebelbis, who has proved a most de- 
voted, Christian companion and mother, and is left sorely 
to mourn her loss. In 1879 they moved to Stephenson 
County, 111., and in the bounds of the Waddams Grove 
church, in which church they lived and labored until 
his death. To them were born four sons and one daugh- 
ter, all of whom survive him, and were present at his 
funeral. He also leaves eleven grandchildren. 

Bro. Stees united with the Church of the Brethren in 
his native State in 1873, was elected to the deacon's of- 
fice in 1882. Four months later the church saw fit to 
place him in the ministry, and ordained him to the full 
ministry in 1907. Bro. Stees was a most faithful serv- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 

ant tii the church. He loved it as his own life. He be- 
lieved in it most sincerely, and was ready, at all times, 
to advocate its cause, both by precept and example. His 
loss will be severely felt both in the church and" the 
home. His presence and willing help could always be 
depended upon. His life was unique in that he filled 
places most needing his efforts. He was a most un- 
assuming man, and his life was marked by the absence 
of envy that sometimes works so destructively in the 
ministry. He did not prefer himself above his breth- 
ren. He had the excellent quality of being willing to 
work where his efforts were most needed, and this char- 
acteristic makes his departure most keenly felt by the 
church. His funeral was held Jan. 4, 1909, in the Louisa 
meetinghouse, near his home. It was attended by one 
of the largest assemblages ever present on a funeral 
occasion. Bro. W. K. Moore, the writer, and others, 
conducted the exercises. P. R. Keltner. 

Rockford, 111., Jan. 4. 


I have spent several days in the Panhandle of Texas, 
Gray County, and wish to say a word about the offer 
made by Eld. Stump in a recent number of the Messen- 

I believe that the part of the Panhandle, represented 
by Eld. Stump, has a rich soil and sufficient rainfall to 
insure crops of corn, wheat, alfalfa, Kaffir corn, etc. 
The climate is good. The altitude is 2,700 feet. The 
winters are dry and mild. Eld. Stump is not offering 
something for nothing. His propositions arc undoubt- 
edly good, but it will mean some privations and some 
means with which to start. The same application to busi- 
ness, and good judgment, that wins success elsewhere, 
will, in my opinion, prove successful here. There is a 
splendid nucleus of a church here. They have about 
twenty-five members, and a fine lot of young people, some 
of them members. They need a local minister. Eld. 
Stump's proposition is a splendid opportunity for a young 
minister who has the right kind of metal in him. 

McPherson, Kans., Dec. 30. H. J. Harnly. 


After almost nine years of ardent labor in the city of 
Ottumwa, we now say farewell to the good brethren and. 
sisters, and scores of friends, to take up work at Hutchin- 
son, Kans., about Jan. 15, 1909. 

We came to Ottumwa in January, 1900, and began the 
work assigned us by the district. There were no mem- 
bers in the city at this time, but now we have about thirty 
faithful members, and have received sixty-six into the 
church since coming here. We have become closely 
attached to all. 

While we have met with much opposition, yet these 
years have been the happiest years of our life. We 
preached 1,200 sermons; made 6,121 visits; distributed 
11,621 tracts; have raised $800 in money for all purposes, 
and have put out over ten thousand pounds of clothing. 
It has been the joy of our life to be able to administer 
unto the poor and needy. As with Paul, we can say, 
"It is more blessed to give than to receive." 

Eld. Geo. W. Burgin, of Kansas, has been secured for this 
work, and is now at the post of duty. We pray for him, 
and trust that the work may continue to grow. We 
hope that the membership will increase both in num- 
bers and in favor with God and man. He preached his 
first sermon on Sunday morning. Eld. Peter Brower, 
secretary of the Mission Board, preached in the evening, 
and assisted in installing Bro. Burgin into the work. 

Sister Julia Ellison and Katie Hubbart were elected 
superintendents of the Sunday school, and Sister Mary 
Burgin, secretary. Sister Burgin is also church clerk. 
Sisters Kate Sanger and Katie Hubbart are presidents 
of the sisters' aid society; Sister Julia Ellison, secretary; 
Sister Ella Bauchman, treasurer. C. E. Wolf. 

Dec. 29. , , , 


Nov. 13 I started to Prairie Depot, Ohio, where I ar- 
rived the same evening, and was met by Eld. J. P. Kra- 
bill and conveyed to his hospitable home. The follow- 
ing day a love feast was held in the Portage church. 
Elders L. H. Dickey and Christian Krabill, as visiting 
ministers, were also present. At 2:30 P. M. we listened 
to a good sermon by Bro. L. H. Dickey on the higher 
life. The feast was held in the evening, and the meet- 
ing was highly spiritual. 

The following day I began a series of meetings at the 
same place and continued for eighteen days, with good 
interest from the start. Several made the good confession 
and were baptized. Eld. J. P. Krabill is the only min- 
ister in the Portage church. The work is moving along 
and souls are being garnered for the Lord. This was 
the seventh series of meetings I have held here. 

At Bradner I held two services, and then went tn For- 
toria where I began a series of meetings Dec. 6. Fos- 
toria is a thriving city of about ten thousand souls. 
In and around the city there are about thirty-five mem- 
bers. Bro. J. C. Witmore is elder in charge, with Eld. 
L. H. Dickey and Bro. Charles Wright to assist him. The 
membei's here are very much in need of a pastor who can 

devote his entire time to pastoral work and, at their late 
council, a movement was placed on foot to secure one. 
I labored here for two weeks with fair interest. 

Dec. 14, after services, a number of the brethren and 
sisters met at the home of Bro. Andrew Witmore, with 
Sister Mary Cook who, on account of impaired health, 
will spend some time in New Mexico. She called foi 
the anointing, and the service was attended to. It prove! 
to be a very impressive service. Sister Cook goes with 
the prayers and good wishes of the members of North- 
western Ohio. She has been one of the most earnest and 
consecrated workers in the district. 

From Fostoria I went to Wyandot County, Ohio, and 
was with the Brethren and friends in one meeting. It 
was in this church that I held my first series of meet- 
ings. One peculiar phase about the Wyandot church 
is the number of ex-members that are living in the com- 
munity where the church is located. Bro. Joseph Guth- 
rie has charge of the work at present. I reached my home 
Dec. 24, after an absence of nearly six weeks. 

Middleton, Mich., Dec. 31. C. L. Wilkins. 


Christmas for the year, with all its joy and happiness, 
is now a thing of the past. Eternity will reveal whether 
we have done all in our power to make-others (less for- 
tunate than ourselves) happy at this most joyous time 
of the year. How we rejoice to know that many of our 
people are learning that "it is more blessed to give than 
to receive." 

A Sunday school in North Dakota; also one in Colo- 
rado, realized the fact when they decided to dispense with 
the usual Christmas treat, and send the money to the 
little Sunday-school boys and girls in Denver. 

Several churches sent us boxes, barrels and sacks of 
supplies for the poor. If you could have been with us 
in delivering the good things, and if you could have seen 
the joy it brought, you would feel somewhat repaid for 
your giving. In each sack, containing the dinner, was 
placed a little roll of tracts and a Gospel Messenger. 

One woman, the mother of a large family, told our 
Mission sister today that, had it not been for us, she didn't 
know what they would have had to eat for Christmas. 
The same woman, upon receiving the things given her the 
day before Christmas, fell on my neck, embracing me, 
and crying for joy. She invoked God's blessing upon 
us. I told her to " Give God the thanks, as it all came 
from him." May the dear Father abundantly bless all 
who have helped in this good work! Emma Root. 

Jan- 1- _^ 


By request of the members here, we left Bethany Bi- 
ble School Dec. 24, to take charge of the mission work 
at this place again. Preparation for Christmas Day was 
a busy time. Two large rooms were rented. In one we 
served dinner and the other we used for reception and 
devotional services. Our tables were arranged -so as 
to seat, on the average, one hundred. We fed 450, besides 
sending baskets of provisions, containing bread, chicken, 
potatoes, fruit, etc., to the homes of the sick and crippled, 
who were unable to get out. It is estimated that 250 
baskets were given away, averaging seven meals to the 
basket. This means that 2,000 meals were given to the 
poor of this city. Practically all this was contributed 
by the various churches of the Brotherhood. Words fail 
to express the gratitude these people owe to our dear 
Brethren for what they have done for this mission. 

Bro. D. F. Sink, of Lenox, Iowa, is having good success 
in his series of meetings. Eighteen have been baptized, 
six were reclaimed, and several more await baptism. 
Brethren, pray for the work in this mission! There is 
so much to do, and so few of us to do it. Sister Anna 
K. Miller, of Kidder, Mo., will be with "us awhile, and 
assist in the work. Our sisters' aid societies could do 
a good work by sending us prayer coverings and bon- 
nets, even if they are secondhand goods. Up to noon, 
this New Year's Day, thirty-five persons have called at 
this mission for help. Our dear brother, C. S. Garber, Will 
soon leave for Iowa, to begin a series of meetings. His 
time is engaged for several months. He will not be 
with us much this year. E. N. Huffman. 

Station D, 502 Kentucky St., Jan. 1. 


Yes, where are we, as ministers or reapers, in the great 
harvest field? Are we feeding or being fed? Here, with- 
in a few hours' ride of scores of ministers of the Church 
of the Brethren, is a field of great possibilities, wait- 
ing, pleading, suffering, dying, because of the lack of 
some one coining to their rescue. Here are three good 
churclihouses and no minister. Seventy, or more, sheep 
are exposed to the wolf, and precious little lambs are 
in great danger. 

As I leave them, and their parting cries ri*g in my ears, 
my heart goes up to God in earnest prayer that he may 
send the many, who can easily be spared, to this great 
field. Who will heed the command "Go"? Come, 
minister, reaper, to the rescue of these dying souls. It 
is not far, — practically right at your door. 

I have been here for nearly four months, at a con- 

siderable sacrifice of home duties. Now I leave these 
dear ones, but not without heaviness of heart, for I 
know their great need. Who will come? Surely you 
have not forgotten the burning call of Bro. H. I Buech- 
ley. While still inspired by the spirit of bestowing gifts, 
who will give his or her life for this field of labor? I 
have lived in the field for twenty years. Oh, that God 
would lay the burden of these precious souls upon the 
hearts of those who have enlisted in Christ's army! Scat- 
tered over this great field may be found many of the 
Brethren's children. Is it not worth while to come? A 
great and grand work may be done through consecrated 

We sail about Jan. 2, and my future address will be 
Omaja, Cuba. Ira P. Eby. 

Frisco, Mo., Dec. 28. 


" What therefore God has joined together, let not man put asunder." 
Mnrrluge noMecs fillouM bi! ncfOinpnnU'd by 50 cents. 

Black-Wolfe. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Brother and Sister William Wolfe, of the 
Beaverdam church, Md., near Union Bridge, Dec. 24, 19GS, 
Charles E. Black and Sister Cora Lee Wolfe, both of Union 
Bridge, Md. D. O. Metz. 

Flke-Iiuper. — -By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride, Dec. 2, 1908, Bro. Frank Fike and Miss Grace Luper, 
both of Nezperce, Idaho. ' B. J. Flke. 

riora-Butts.— At the home of J. W. and Salinda C. Needles, 
by the undersigned, Dec. 27, -1908, Mr. B. D. Flora and Minnie- 
Butts, both of Cabool, Mo. J. J. Wassam. 

Manners-Rasp. — At the home of the bride's parents, Alvo, 
Nebr., Dee. 24, 190S, by the undersigned, Mr. Fred Manners 
and Sister Emma Rasp. J. L. Snavely. 

Roberts- Custer. — At the home of the bride's parents, in 
Johnstown. Pa., by the undersigned, Dec. 25, 1908, Mr. Cyrus 
W. Roberts, of South Fork, Pa., and Sister Dora R. Custer. 

W, M. Howe. 

Stamuaugli-Myers. — By the undersigned, at his residence in 
Lena, 111., Dec. 30, 190S, Mr. Jesse L. Stambaugh of Carring- 
ton, N. DaW., and Sister Elnora Myers, of Nora, 111. 

Enoch Eby. 



"Blessed are the dead 

vhieh die in the Lord." 

Arnold, Sister Hannah, nee Fouse, wife of Bro. John Arnold, 
died in the Solomon's Creek church, Ind., Dec. IS, 1908, aged 
87 years, S months and 4 days. She united with the Church 
of the Brethren forty-four years ago, and remained faithful 
until the end, serving for many years as deaconess. To 
them were born six children. Her husband and two children 
preceded her. Services by Brethren Wm. Bussard and Amsey 
E. Clem from Job 5: 26. Raleigh Neff. 

Baiter, Bro. John W., died at his home near Roxbury, Md., 
in the Manor congregation, Dec. 30, 1908, aged 52 years. He 
was a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren. His 
companion and six children survive. Services in the Manor 
church by Bro. John E. Otto. Interment in the Manor ceme- 
tery, M. Portia Rowland. 

Baldwin, Sister Casada. born Aug. 21, 1832, died Dec. 18, 
1908, in the bounds of the Berrien church, Mich., aged 76 
years, 3 months and 28 days. One son and two daughters 
survive. She united with the Church of the Brethren June 
22, 1895. Services by the writer from 1 Cor. 15: 19. 

R. J. Shreve. 

Blsnop, Sister Lydia, died Dec. 26, 1908, in the Germantown 
congregation, Pa., aged 93 years, 1 month and 28 days. While 
eating her supper on Monday evening, she was suddenly 
stricken, and remained unconscious until Saturday morning, 
when her spirit left this world. She was a member of the 
Church of the Brethren for seventy-five years, accepting 
Christ at the age of eighteen. She attended love feast serv- 
ices in the church in her ninety-first year. Services on Tues- 
day by Bro. M. C. Swigart. Text, Philpp. 1: 21. 

Anna Swigart. 

Bobinmyer, Caroline, born at Seven Mile. Ohio, Nov. 15, 1833, 
died at Ventura, Cal„ Dec. 22, 190S, age.d 75 years, 1 month 
and 7 days. May 18, 1854, she was united in marriage to 
Wilson T. Cook, at Hamilton. Ohio. They moved to Fayette 
County, Ind., where she resided until 1906. To this union 
nine children were born. The husband and two children pre- 
ceded her in death. She became a member of the Church of 
the Brethren thirty years ago. Her remains were brought 
to her old home in Indiana. Services at the Lutheran church, 
at Lyons Station, by Bro. S. ' W. Payton. Text, Matt. 15: 25. 
Interment in the Union cemetery. Clara A, Payton. 

Brubaker, Eld. David, of the Loudonville church, Ashland 
Co., Ohio, born in Franklin County, Pa., April 11, 1821, died 
Dec. 31, 1908. aged 87 years, 8 months and 20 days. Dec. 14. 
1843, he was married to Martha Palmer. To this union were 
born six children, four of whom are living. He and his wife 
joined the Church of the Brethren in 1867. In 187l" he was 
called to the ministry, and a few years later ordained to the v 
eldership. He had charge of the Loudonville church when 
he died. Death came very suddenly, He was sick only one 
hour. He preached on the Sunday preceding his death. His 
counsel was always kind, hut firm. He was laid to rest in 
the McFall cemetery beside bis wife, who preceded him 
thirty-one years. Services by the writer from 2 Tim. 4: 6-8. 

A. I. Heestand. 

Garber, Amanda, wife of Henry P. Garber, deceased, born 
in York County, Pa., Oct. 26, 1828, died within the bounds 
of the Portland congregation, Ind., Dec. 18, 190S, aged 80 
years, 1 month and 21 days. She was married in 1852 and 
was the mother of four sons and four daughters, husband 
and two sons having precede'd her in death. While young, 
she united with the Church of the Brethren, and lived a* faith- 
ful and devoted life. To her children she leaves a great 
legacy in the memory of a noble life. Services in the Port- 
land church by Eld. W. It Simmons, of Union City, assisted 
by Eld. Daniel Byerly. She was laid to rest by the side of 
her husband, in Green Park cemetery. Mary Garber. 

Gainer, Sister Elizabeth, wife of Bro. Martin Garber, died 
in the Sangerville congregation, Augusta Co., "Va., Dec. 7, 
1908, aged 77 years and 9 days. - She was a sister to Eld. 
S. F. Sanger. She was a consistent member of the Church of 
the Brethren for more than sixty years. She was united in 
marriage to Bro. Martin Garber in 1850, with whom she lived 
nearly fifty-nine years. An aged husband, seven sons, three 
daughters and two brothers survive. She was afflicted for 
about ttiree years, but bore it all with patience. Services at 
the Sangerville church Dec. 9, by Eld. G. W. Wine. Text, 
Isa. 60: 19, 20. Annie R. Miller. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 16, 1909. 

oraer. Sister Nancy Jane, born July 16, 1876 died in the 

Hecbler, Bro. Basher Bucfcalev 
Sister Amamla Hechler. toornji 
2, 18S3, was killed i 
nn his way to work, near 
years and 17 days. 1 He w 
of the Brethren for a nt 
two brothers, two sisters 
sisters preceded him. £ 
Bro. J. E. Blough- Inter 

Ada M. Beeghly. 
son of Brother Stewart and 

Somerset County. Pa.. Dec. 
suddenly, while crossing a trestle 
>r, Pa.. Dec. 13. 100S, aged 25 
uthful member of the Church 
of years. He is survived by 
Ills father and mother. Two 
s in the Berkey church by 
n the church cemetery- 
Sadie B. Faust. 
Hoffman, Russell Blaine, son of Bro. Albert and Mary Jane 
H.S-m-u, <lled very suddenly at the home of his parents n 
Seno ie've 1 Pa.. Dee. 26, 1908. aged 3 years. 1 month and 25 
S h survived by two brothers and one sister Serv- 

tZ in the Scalp Level house by Stephen Yoder. minister of 
■ "-nnnHe church, and Bro. J. J. Shaffer. Interment in 

Sadie E. Faust. 
son of the late Henry B. 

the Berkey cemetery. 

Tones, Jacob William, youngest 
and Elizabeth Jones, nee Klndig. of the Mt. Vernon__cpng 
gation, Augusta County, Va., diet 
Va., Dec. 19, 190S, aged 40 " 
the' Mt. 

tton the deceased 
Kin;;-, Sister Ma 
congregation, Pa., aged 9 
ices at the home of her 
Brethren church cemetei 

Charlottesville Hospital 

i-s- and 7 months. Burial ir 

-emetery by the side of his father anr 

by a Disciple minister, of which denominr 

died Dec. 29. 1908, i 

E. H. J oil' 

the Buffalo Valley 
._, i month and 23 days. Serv- 
by the writer. Interment at the 



Pa.. Oct. 28. 184; 
and 7 days. Dei 
of the stomach, 
to Blackhawk Cl 
Sister Lydia Fike. 
nine children (amo: 
missionaries to -Ind 
loo church by the 
Text, 1 Sam. 20: 3. 

Isaiah Beaver. 

born at Summit Mills, Somerset Count 

died Dec. G, 1908. aged GO years. 1 monl 

4 he submitted to an operation for canci 

which proved fatal. "When a boy he cai 

Iowa. He was united in marriage with 
of Meversdale. Pa. His companion and 
g whom are Sisters Eliza B. and Sadie J , 
a> survive Services at the South Water- 
yriter. assisted by Bro. J. S. Zimmerman, 
selected by Sister Miller. A. P. Blough. 

Moster, Sister Mary, 
Ohio. Dee. 16. 1821, "' 

Stark County, 
while visiting at the home of her 
.^.rW^And'e^o'nVin Tippecanoe County Ind.. Dec. 29. 100 S, 
aged 87 years and 13 days. She was united in marriage to 
Isaac Anderson Jan. 24, 1841, he having preceded her , in 
death Sept. 5. 1S64. To this union were born eleven ch Idrer , 
of wiionfflve are still living. In 1876 she was marked g 
John Poorman, who died about twelve years later. In 1S.U 
she was married to Christian Mosier. who passed away Dec. 
14 1905 She then made her home with her daughter, Sister 
Su'sao Kauffman, of Monticclio. Ind.. within the MonticeUo 
church. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1859 
and lived a consistent life. She leaves five children. Serv- 
ices at the home of her son, William, by Eld. David Billing 
from Rev. 14: 13. Mrs. R. G. Keever. 

Myers, Silas T.. died in the bounds of the Rockingham con- 
gregation Ray Co., Mo.. Dec. 25, 1908, of heart failure, aged 
ill years 5 months and 24 days. His first companion was 
Annie Hogan. His second companion was Mattie Martz, who 
survives him Three children aJso survive. Services by the 
writer from Micah 2: 10. S. R. Shirky. 

Peters, Sister Sallie, died Dec. 2G, 190S, aged 48 years, 10 
months and 7 days; She died at her home within the bounds 
of the Germantown congregation, Franklin County. Va De- 
ceased was a loyal member of the Church of the Brethren. 
She is survived by her devoted husband and twelve children. 
Services at the home by Brethren J. W. Barnhart and .H. 
Text: -Why will ye die?" Interment in the 
ear the home. Edith Barnhart. 

I ken berry 

Pruett, Elizabeth Hoop, died at the home of her son, Robert 
Pruett in the bounds of the Mt. Pleasant congregation, near 
Shellsburg. Iowa, Dec. 10, 190S, aged 73 years, 10 months 
and 2 days. Services by the writer. Wm. Long. 

Beam, Willis N.. son of Noah and Mary Ream, born Dec. 
17 1881, in Somerset County. Pa., killed very suddenly while 
crossing a trestle, on his way to work near Seanor, Pa., Dec. 
19 1908. aged 27 years and 2 days. Willis is survived by his 
parents, three brothers and two sisters. Services in the 
Scalp Level house by Stephen Yoder. minister of the Men- 
nonlte church. Interment in the Weaver cemetery near 
Scalp Level. Pa. S atlie E - FauBt - 

Beichard, Bro. Da.vid W., of Fairplay, Md.. died Dec; 23, 
190S in the Washington County Hospital, where he was 
taken to be operated upon for appendicitis, aged GS years. 
He was thought to be doing nicely, when he suddenly con- 
tracted pneumonia, which caused his death in a few hours. 
He was a son of the late Jacob Reichard. He was a devoted 
member of the Church of the Brethren for a number of years. 
He will be greatly missed. His companion, one daughter, six 
sons and one sister survive. Services in the Manor church, 
in which congregation he resided, at Fairplay, Md., by Bro. 
W. D. Keller. Text, Psa. 23. Interment in the Manor 


M. Portia Rowland. 

Buff, Sister Sarah Marguerite, daughter of Bro. Jacob and 
Sister Jane Concofe, deceased, died of dropsy and heart 
trouble in -the Sangerville congregation, Augusta Co., Va., 
. Dec. 21, 1908, aged 52 years. 5 months and 4 days. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren at the age of fourteen. 
Jan. 13, 1S97. she was married to Jacob Ruff, who, with a 
stepmother, one brother and one sister, survives. She was an 
earnest church worker. Services at the Sangerville church 
Dec. 22, by Eld. A. S. Thomas. Text, Prov. 4: IS. 

Annie R. Miller. 

Whitmer, Bro. Samuel S., son of Bro. J. S. and Sister S. B. 
Whitrner. born Jan. 5, 1870, in Virginia, died Dec. 20, 1908. 
in Kansas, aged 38 year3, 11 months and 15 days. He was 
afflicted with tubercular laryngitis. Last September he went 
to Phrenix, Arizona, hoping that the climate would help him. 
Growing worse, he returned to his home in Kansas, and a 
few days later death came. He was a consistent member of 
the Church of the Brethren for eleven years. His early boy- 
hood days were spent in Virginia. He came to Iowa in 1S99. 
where he lived until 190G, at which time he went to Kansas. 
In 1894 he was married to Mary Farris, of Winterset, Iowa. 
Tills union was blessed with two sons and one daughter, who, 
with their mother, an aged father, mother, four brothers and 
three sisters, survive. Services by Mr. Moore, of the Chris- 
tian church. Interment in the Yates Center cemetery. 

Laura R Whitmer. 

Wiley, Christopher, died at his home near Wells vilie, in 
the bounds of the Lower Conewago church, Pa.. Dec. 25, 
1908, aged 75 years, 3 months and 9 days. He leaves a wife, 
two sons and two daughters. Interment and services at the 
Latimer church by the writer and Eld. Hezekiah Cook, from 
Amos 4: 12. Henry Beelman. 

Woulard, Friend John, born March 17, 1844, died Dec. 10, 
1908, in the bounds of the Monocacy church, in Thurmont. 
Md., aged 64 years, 4 months and 23 days. He leaves a wife 
(a sister) and four children. Services by Eld. J. S. Wey- 
bright. Interment In the cemetery at Thurmont. 

Samuel Weybright. 

Zlgler, Sister Sallie, wife of Bro. John Zlgler, died at her 
home in the Beaver Creek congregation, Va., Dec. 25, 1908. 
after a severe Illness, aged 62 years. 3 months and 24 days. 
She leaves husband, one son and three daughters, all mem- 
bers of the church: also three brothers and two sisters. Sif- 
ter Zlgler was a faithful member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren for many year's. She will be greatly missed. Services at 
Beaver Creek church by Eld. H. G. Miller, assisted by Eld. 
A. S. Thomas, from Philpp. 1: 21. Delphia S. Click. 


Your teaching of the Sunday-school lessons for 1909 will be much more effective if re- 
inforced by " eye-gate " instruction. You should furnish your class with 'a set of clear and 
distinct maps on which to trace the Journeys of Paul and the early church missionaries. 


Illustrating the Journeys of the Apostle Paul. Based on recent explorations of Ramsay, 
Sterrett and others. Size, 36 x 58 inches. Lithographed in Four Colors on Muslin of Superior 

DISTANCES FROM JERUSALEM are indicated by radial circles, which will enable the 
student to approximately estimate the number of miles between given points. 

CLEAR, BOLD OUTLINES have been sought after. Names of countries and places are 
in as LARGE TYPE as the size of sheet would permit. 



Illustrating the New Testament. Size, 36 x 58 inches. Lithographed in Four Colors on 
Muslin of Superior Grade. 

To obtain distinctness of names, the lines or marks indicating mountains have been omit- 
ted, but in the lower corner are 

conception of the Topography of the country may be obtained. 

RADIAL CIRCLE LINES have been added, by which distances from Jerusalem may be 
approximately estimated. 

LARGE TYPE, CLEAR AND BOLD OUTLINES. Names of places may be easily read 
from any part of an ordinary school room. 



Illustrating the Old Testament and the Land as Divided among the Twelve Tribes. Size, 
36 x 58 inches. Lithographed in Four Colors on Muslin of Superior Quality. Its Special 
Features are : 

DISTINCTNESS OF DIVISIONS. The territory of each of the twelve tribes is easily 
distinguished by the various colors. 

DISTANCES APPROXIMATED by radial circle lines, giving an idea of distances from 
Jerusalem to all places in Palestine. 

THE KINGDOMS OF DAVID AND SOLOMON are given in a small map in lower 
right-hand corner. 



and the Sinai Peninsula, Illustrating the Journeyings of the Israelites. Size, 36 x 58 inches. 
Beautifully Colored by Lithography on Muslin of Superior Quality. 

The route of the Israelites is printed in dark red ink, and is so prominent that the young- 
est scholars may easily trace the journeyings. 



Illustrating -the Captivities of the Jews. Size, 36 x 58 inches. Lithographed in Four Colors 
on Muslin of Superior Grade. Uniform in attractiveness and in carefulness of details with the 
Maps of Palestine, Roman Empire and Egypt. 



The five maps (Nos. 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17), mounted on Spring Rollers in a handsome Wall 
case. Furnished in four styles as follows: 

Style No. 1. — Imitation Mahogany, without door, $10.00. 
Style No. 2. — Imitation Mahogany, with door, $11.00. 
Style No. 3.— Solid Oak, without door, $11.00. 
Style No. 4.— Solid Oak, with door, $12.00. 
Forwarded by express or freight at purchaser's expense. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 1G, 1909. 

(Continued from Page 45.) 
3iost Creefe church met in ' council Jan. 1, with Eld. Geo. 
Strawaer presiding. Our elder, Andrew Eashore, asked to be 
relieved of his office, and Eld. C. G. Wlney was chosen to 
serve one year. Bro. Norman Shelienbarger was appointed 
church treasurer to fill the unexpired term of Bro, John Hart, 
who is in feeble health. Bro. John Corney was reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent at the Goodwill house. One 
letter of membership was granted. — J. B. Frey, R. D. 2, Box 
80. Mifilintown, Pa,. Jan. 2. 

Perry.— Bro. Wm. H. Miller came to us Dec. 31. While 
with us he preached five sermons. One was baptized and one 
restored. We thank God that we are gaining ground under 
the management of our relief committee. — I. Cripe, Honey 
Grove, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Philadelphia (l^irst Church of the Brethren).— Dec. 29 we 
held our Christmas exercises, in charge of our superintend- 
ent, Bro. J. A. Myers. Songs and recitations were rendered, 
after which each one present received a box of candy. The 
Sunday-school room was crowded. — Mrs. Sallie B. Schnell. 
. 1906 N. Park Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Pittsbnrff quarterly council was held Dec. 31. One letter 
was granted. New officers were elected as follows: Treas- 
urer, A. O. Horner; secretary. E. G. Bowman; corresponding 
secretary, the writer. Christmas exercises were well at- 
tended. The program was mostly given by the children. 
Bro. S. W. Ball favored us with a short address and a read- 
ing. " He has favored us with a number of selections during 
the past week. The Sunday school has an enrollment of 120. 
The home department and cradle roll numbers 11G. A num- 
ber of our home department members have been enrolled In 
the main school. ,We trust that many more may join the 
main school during the coming year. Bro. B. M. Hedricks, 
one of our deacons, has left us to go to Virginia. Sister 
Grace Gnagey will come into our midst, as a worker, Jan. 4. — 
Amanda Weaver. 1120 Greenfield Avenue, Pittsburg, Pa., 
Jan. 1. 

Upper Canowago church met in council at East Berlin, Jan. 
2. Eld. E. S. Miller was with us and assisted in the work. 
The writer and Bro. J. B. Bechtel were reelected Sunday-school 
superintendents for the ensuing year, at East Berlin. Our 
love feast will be held in the Mummert house May 1 and 2, 
commencing at 1:30 P. M. Sunday morning, Jan. 3, Eld. E. S. 
Miller preached for us at the Mummert house, and In the even- 
ing of the same day Eld. Andrew Hutchison, of Kansas, began 
a series of meetings at East Berlin. We expect him to be 
with us two weeks. We held services on Thanksgiving Day 
at East Berlin and Latimore, and collections were taken for 
missionary and benevolent purposes. The congregation has 
been solicited for the Chambersburg house, which was re- 
cently dedicated. On Sunday afternoon, Jan. 3, we met and 
reorganized our Sunday school at East Berlin. — Andrew Bow- 
ser, East Berlin, Pa., Jan. ,6. 

Woodbury. — We closed a three-weeks' series of meetings 
Jan. 3, conducted by Eld. Daniel Clapper, of Meyersdale, Pa., 
who faithfully preached the Gospel. As a direct result of 
the efforts, three were added to the church by baptism, and 
three reclaimed. The interest was good to the close. In my 
report of the Snyder -meeting, in Gospel Messenger of Dec. 
12, it was stated there were three additions. This is a mis- 
take. There were no additions. — J. C. Stayer, WoodOury, Pa., 
Jan. 6. 

West Johnstown congregation met in council Dec. 31. 
Much business came before the meeting. For the Roxbury 
Sunday school Bro. N. W. Berkley is superintendent; Morrell- 
ville, Bro. D. Blocher; Benshoff Hill, Bro. Lemon Flndley; 
Yoder Hill, Bro. Wm. Rummell. A movement was set on 
foot to build a new house of worship in our congregation this 
year. When a congregation spends three or four hours in 
work pertaining to the enlarging of the kingdom, we may 
expect results. Our series of meetings will commence at the 
Morrellville house the latter part of this month. Jan. 28 a 
special council will convene at the Roxbury house. Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting was organized at each of the four 
houses, with the following as presidents; Roxbury, Bro. 
Vernon Dietz; Morrellville, Bro. Wm. Strayer; Benshoff Hill, 
Bro. Waldo Rhodes; Upper Yoder, Bro. Johns. — J. H. Cassady, 
West Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Yellow Creek congregation recently enjoyed a series of 
meetings at the Bethel house, conducted by Bro. James 
Murray, of Sterling, Ohio. One was baptized. Bro. Murray 
also preached the two following weeks at the Steel house, In 
the same congregation. Brethren H. E. Border and Harry 
Burket are superintendents for the Bethel Sunday school for 
1909. — Levi E. Greenawalt, R. D. 7, Everett, Pa., Jan. 4. 


Limestone. — Dec. 28 closed a very Interesting series of meet- 
ings at this place, conducted by Bro. A. M. Laughrun. Three 
were baptized and another young man will be soon. Bro. 
Laughrun preached thirty sermons, which were instructive 
and well attended. — Anna Arnold. Telford, Term., Dec. 31. 

Bridg-ewater. — We met in council Dec. 19, Eld. E. Long pre- 
siding. We received fifty-seven members from the Beaver 
Creek congregation. They live much nearer to Bridgewater 
than to Beaver Creek. By mutual consent the change was 
made. Among them are four deacons, one minister in the 
first degree, and Eld. H. G. Miller. They were all gladly 
received by our congregation. Aside from these there were 
five members received by letter, and one letter granted. On 
Christmas Day Bro. Geo. W. Flory gave us a very interesting 
sermon. An offering of 316.55 was taken. — Ida Fry, Bridge- 
water, Va., Jan. 4. 

Dulany.— In my report of work done in Carroll County, by 
Bro. Jesse Boothe and myself, in November, it should have 
been stated that w.e went to an organized congregation in 
care of Bro. Spangler. instead of saying that we organized 
a congregation. The Coulson church is quite an old oriraniza- 
tion.— N. S. Mannon, Dulany, Va„ Jan. 2. • 

Pairflelfi.— I live in Rockbridge County, Va. It is one of 
the valley counties, and is noted for its fine water and health- 
ful climate. We have four churchhouses here, and at each 
place the interest seems to be growing. New Concord our 
home congregation, has about fiftv members and three dea- 
cons. We have no resident minister. Eld. E. D Kindig is 
m charge, and preaches. for us once a month. We are also 
supplied with preaching by some of the young brethren from 
Bridgewater College. Bro. J. H. Morris was with us last 
year, and Bro. Oscar M. Miller will assist us this year We 
would be glad If some good brethren would come and locate 
with us. There are some good homes for saie near our 
church. We have fine water and good land that can be bought 
on easy terms. For further Information' apply to Eld ED 
Kindig.— J. L. Heslep, Fairfield, Va,, Jan. 1. ■ ■ ■ 

Qermantown congregation met in council Jan. 2. with Eld. 
H. J Woodie presiding. Three letters of membership were 
Received and five granted. Bro. J. A. Fisher was elected as 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. H. C. Ikenberrv Is nresf. 

BSh°/ P C M la T ]a w W ^ lter3 ' meeline anfl a!so ^rcl* chortaSr. 
Brethren H. J. Woodie and G. A. Barnhart were given charee 
of the mission point in Pittsylvania County Our member of 
the sub-district mission board, G. A. Barnhart, wire 

Ou P r 9 8o5jW ? ro D H p^? eterS WaS pointed as church™tark. 
uur solicitor, D. B. Ivieff, was reappo nted for the following 
year.— Edith Barnhart, Wfrtz, Va., Jan. 5 roilowlng 

,f t re ^, Mount congregation convened in council Dec 26 
With Eld. J. A. Garber presiding. Considerable hi sinews' was 
very pleasantly disposed of. The financial repot of The 
are BreThren er T y e £ cou ™* ln «- Sunday-school superintendents 
are Brethren J. W. Myers and D. R. Miller. Bro J W 
Wampler was elected president of Christian Workers' meet: 
In*. A permanent change was made in the hour for regular 

meeting. These will begin hereafter at 10:30 A. M. The 
writer and Sister Katie Kline were chosen correspondents. 
Bro. A. B. Miller, of Bridgewater, was with US, and on the 
following day preached an excellent sermon. — L. Katie 
Ritchie. R. D. G, Box 25, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. 6. 

Sang-erviUe. — We met in the Sangerville house on Christmas 
Day. Bro. W. K. Conner preached for us. We met Dec. 26 
to organize a Bible class, conducted by Bro. Conner. This 
continued each day (excepting Sunday) until New Year'3 Day. 
The Interest was good throughout. Bro. Conner also preached 
for us on Sunday. Dec. 27. He met with the Emanuel Sun- 
day school In the evening. They decided to continue through 
the winter. A collection was taken on Christmas Day, 
amounting to $22.56. it will be applied to the indebtedness 
on Laurel Gap church, one of our mission points.— Annie R. 
Miller, R. D. 2, Bridgewater, Va.. Jan. 1. 

Topeca church met in council Jan. 2, Eld. Harvey Weddle 
presiding. Four letters of membership were granted. Offi- 
cers were elected for the next year. Alt of the old officers 
were retained, except that Sister Maggie Hylton was elected 
clerk, and the writer, Messenger correspondent. The treas- 
urer's report was read and accepted. The church decided to 
hold meetings on the first and fourth Sundays of each month. 
Bro. Geo. Weddle, of Larned, Kans., began a series of meet- 
ings Dec. 27, and will continue for "a few days yet. The 
prayer meeting eacli Sunday evening is very well attended. — 
Lizzie Spangler, R. D. 2, Box 54, Floyd, Va., Jan. 4. 

Valley Bethel. — We met in council Jan. 2. One letter of 
membership was granted. Bro. Josiah Beverage preached for 
us on Christmas Day. and from here he went to one of our 
mission points and delivered several sermons. One was re- 
claimed. Our next council will be held on Saturday before 
the first Sunday in March. Our Sunday school was reorgan- 
ized for the coming year, with Brethren C. B. Gibbs and N. W. 
Bussard, superintendents. — Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Va., Jan. 


Centralia church convened In council Dec. 29. Elder Stiver- 
son presiding. " Two letters of membership were received and 
three were granted. Bro. Stiverson was chosen presiding 
elder for six months. All church officers were elected; Sis- 
ter Alice Rothrock, superintendent of the Sunday school. Bro. 
Ezra Whisler was reelected president of Christian Workers, 
and Bro. Fred Stiverson, secretary. We had preaching serv- 
ices at the church on Christmas Day. — Anna Myers, Centralis, 
' Wash., Jan. 2. 

Eltopia. — Bro. Enoch Faw preached another soul-cheering 
sermon for us today. He will continue to preach at this place 
twice a month. We are few in number, but greatly appreciate 
our brother's efforts. — Ira C. Wakefield, Eltopia, Wash., Jan. 3. 

North 'Yakima church met In regular council Jan. 2. All 
business was adjusted In a pleasant manner. Our elder, Bro. 
Wise, having resigned, Bro. Faw was chosen to take charge 
of the church for one year. The writer and Sister Early 
were elected Sunday-school superintendents. Bro. R. A. Wise 
is president of Christian Workers' meeting. We expect to 
begin a series of meetings Jan. 12, to be conducted by Bro. 
Faw, of Pasco, Wash. — J. Hollinger, 16 S. Third Avenue. N. 
Yakima, Wash., Jan. 2. 


Alleghany. — We met in council Dec. 26. The weather being 
very inclement, not many were present. Our dear brother, W. 
F. Nine, formerly of this congregation, but now of Macdoel, 
Cal., was with us and took charge of the business. All was 
settled in a very pleasant manner. Bro. Nine also preached 
on Sunday to an attentive audience. We were glad to have 
our brother with us again. Our Sunday school has closed, 
but will be resumed again April 1. — Llllie C. Moore, Bismark, 
W. Va., Jan. 6. 

Maple Spring. — The German Settlement congregation met 
at the Maple Spring house on Christmas morning, at 9(30 
A. M., for the opening exercises of 'the second annual Bible 
term, which continued until Saturday, Jan. 2. The program 
for the da*y was both interesting and instructive. Eld. E. T. 
Fike gave a twenty-minute talk on spirituality each day. Va- 
rious other subjects were very well discussed. Each even- 
ing we listened to a God-given message from Eld. T. S. Fike. 
One was reclaimed. Seven different States and sixteen coun- 
ties were represented at the meeting. Six of these counties 
belong to West Virginia, The average attendance was about 
150 persons. — Maggie E. Crow, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 4. 

Sandy Creek congregation met in council at Salem Jan. 2. 
Eld. Jeremiah Thomas presided. All business passed off 
nicely. Four of the sisters were elected missionary solicitors, 
and Chester A. Thomas as correspondent to the Messenger. 
- Our church Is in good working order. Christian Workers' 
meeting and Sunday school are progressing nicely. We de- 
-cided to hold our love feast July 3, preceded by a two weeks' 
series of meetings. At this writing one of our ministers, — 
Bro. Geo. Vansickle,— is holding a revival at the Vale. Five 
have decided to live a better life, and others are halting be- 
tween two opinions. — Calvin R. Wolfe, Cuzzart, W. Va., Jan. 4. 

Maple Grove church enjoyed a very pleasant council Jan 2 

The business passed off pleasantly. We reorganized Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting with the same officers in charge. Our 
Sunday school and Christian Workers' meetings are encour- 
aging. We have good attendance and good interest. The 
attendance at preaching services is very good — Mollie C 
Wine, Stanley, Wis., Jan. 6.- 

Willard.— Our Sunday school was reorganized Jan 3 and 
all the old officers reelected. Superintendent, A L Clair- 
secretary and treasurer, Samuei Long. We have a live, active 
Sunday school, and our attendance is increasing.— A. L. Clair, 
vYillard. Wis., Jan. 7. 


A little more than a year ago I resigned my position 
as teacher of vocal music, voice and harmony, in Juniata 
College, to take up field work lor the Pennsylvania State 
Sabbath-school Association. I have ■ enjoyed the work 
and feel that I have accomplished good in it, but will 
probably not continue in this field much longer. My 
preference is always to labor 'directly in the interest 
of the Church of the Brethren, and I have about decided 
to take up again the teaching of singing. This, I know, 
is an important work, and there seems to be some demand 
for it in tile Brotherhood. It is my conviction that if 
we mean to maintain good congregational singing in the 
church services, the teaching of vocal music will have to- 
be kept up incessantly. 

I take this way of announcing my desire to corre- 
spond with those who are looking for a teacher of sing- 
ing classes. I can be ready to take up the work at most 
any time. This is the time of the year that it is most 
convenient for the Brethren in many sections of the coun- 
try. I should be glad to hear from all desiring my serv- 
ices, as soon as possible, so that I can arrange to the best 
advantage, in the way of getting from one place to an- 
0,her - Wm. Beery. 

Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 4. - 

The Bible History 

By Rev. Alfred Edersheim, D. D. 

1. The World Before the "Flood and History c 
the Patriarchs. 

2. The Exodus and Wanderings in the Wildei 

3. Israel in 'Canaan Under Joshua and the Judge:- 
4. Israel Under Samue 

Saul and David, to th 
birth of Solomon. 

5. •Israel and Judah froi 
the birth of Solomon to th 
reign of Ahab. 

6. Israel and Judah froi 
Ahab to the Decline of th 
Two Kingdoms. 

7. Israel and Judah frot 
the Decline of the Tw 
Kingdoms to the Assyria 
and Babylonian Captivit} 

Containing full Scripture references and subject ir 
dexes to the whole series. 

Seven volumes, 12mo. 

Regular Price, per volume, $1.0 

Our Price, each, 7 _ 7 

(Postage extra, 15 cents.) 
Per set oi 7 volumes, f. o. b. Elgin, . . .' $3.5 


Elgin, Illinois 

The American 

Prohibition Year Book 

for 1908 

This compact and timely volume contains a 
whole library of valuable matter. The authors 
have made a specialty of going to official sources, 
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editions, it covers a much broader field. It has 
fifteen. departments, as follows: "Almanac," "To- 
tal Abstinence/^_^_Consumption and Cost of 
Drink," "Economics," Criminology," "Legis- 
lation," "Results of Legislation," "The Liquor 
Trade." "A National Problem," "Political Ac- 
tion and Methods," "Party Records," "Reli- 
gious Bodies," " Courts and Decisions," " Elec- 
tion Returns," " Organization and Lists." 

Here are many hundreds of things which the 
people wish to know in connection with the pres- 
ent widespread agitation on the- liquor traffic 
and its record. 

Bound in paper, postpaid, - .25 cents 

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Elgin, Illinois 

' » * « * » ' » « * * « » H H M M > M M M M H » H 


For all Ministers and Personal Workers 

By Evangelist J. R. Beveridge. 
Vest Pocket Size, 2#x5^xJ4 inches; 128 Pages; 1,2 

Scripture References; 133 Subjects. Special Notes. 

Synopsis of Contents. 

Importance of Personal Work. Personal Experien 
and Equipment in the Holy Spirit, the Word of Go 
Prayer and Faith. Personal Conduct 
Dealing with Souls. How to Approa* 
Persons. How to Get Cases. Ti 
Fundamentals of Salvation Texts f 
Christians under All Conditions of Si 
The Natural and the New Heart. Tl 
Way of Life and the Way of Deat 
Hell. Answers to Nearly Every Que 
tion Asked by Skeptics, and all Class 
of Unconverted. False Hopes Swe 
Away. Guidance for Those Seeking 
Find Christ. The Holy Spirit, Acts 
First John. The Divine Nature of Chris 
The Human Nature of Christ. A Perso 
Bible Readings on Prayer and Thanksgiving 
Fries, by Mall, Prepaid. 

Red Cloth, Embossed and Stamped in Black 35 cen 

Red Morocco, Embossed and Stamped In Gold 35 cen 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 48. 

Elgin, 111., January 23, 1909. 

No. 4. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. project. Jacob Schiff, the New York financier, has 

Editorial,— given $100,000 for the purpose, and others have also 

Gods Human c G-M.) ■■••••• ■" • ■ ■ ; *!} been qu i te liberal. An "Arts and Crafts School" is 

Under the Juniper Tree (H. B. H.) ■ ' ' • ■ ■ ■ ■■"' 1 

The Problems of the Denominational Schools (H. c. L.l, ol nQW ; n operation at loppa, to give industrial tram- 
Calling for Money »» . T • i ,.„ ■„ . , • ,■ ,, 

Sensational Revival work ss m g to Jewish children, with a view of aiding the 

OT- C e C r U J 1 eaUus eet "" Sh;V ' 3Sa ^ s fu ture industrial development of the couutr, While 

Neglecting: the Flock ■ 5S ; t j s altogether unlikely that the Jews as a body will 

Essays,— ■ _„,., ever return to the land of promise, undoubtedly 

A Sketch of the Life of Eld. Thomas Clark. By Dame] _ f . . 

Hays ?? enough will be found to reestablish the throne of 

christian Education By Lizzie W. Hoover 51 . 

Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth. By Jesse D. David when the opportunity for such a move is given 

S alvS„ er Gaineda„dKepL-'By'A„drV«vHutehiso„V:::»2 by a relinquishment of Turkish claims on Palestine. 

Good Tidings of Great Joy. By Paul Mohler. ... ...52 

Brother wayland's "Bit of History. By Emma a. ai.^ Anotheu argument in favor of temperance is found 

Southern* Ohio' sunday-sehooi Teachers' institute. By in the declaration of medical experts that drinking men 

Drifting l "y°Bmn»' J.' iioiiiii, "■'■■■ ■■■■■ '..■■■■■■ '■ ■ ■ .m are more susceptible to pneumonia than any other class 

The Ascension of Christ. By Noah Longanecker 53 rf ^^ ^ whm tbey are attacked by tn j s dan ger- 

Ths Bound Table,— „„. „ ,., M'-jl m ous disease, not many of them recover. At present pnen- 

Is There Room at the Top for One or lor All . kl. in. .,,,,,. .... 

Eshclman. Acquaintance with °g< : — e ,!ls ot A ;. Ie „, n „_ monia heads the list of fatal diseases in our cities, and 

- GeT^ciiemberien^rhe Narrow way.— Esteiia B. m. for some reason, as yet unexplained, it is more dan- 

Erb! Jesus and Little Things.— J. H. Miller 51 ger(JUS tban j t was ten years agQ p^ J3 a b c ock dc- 

Home and Family,— clares that in case of a hard drinker there is almost 

In Thine House.— Oma Karn , 

Missionary Department,- ™ h°Pe whatever. The system is weakened by the 

One Way of Settling Church Troubles Save the Boys. continual use of alcoholic drinks, and unable lo with- 

MV;s n i?„rrie J s e Te.r ne°G„"r„me,,. a "Ua > rt"c S chu I rch stand t he attack of disease at a time when strength is 

Kier- ST., SSioi, " woofer *£££ . most needed. 

From Naples to Port said.— Ad am mey Grave apprehensions are stirring the ecclesiastical 

" circles of Germany, because of the increasing number 

AROUND THE WORLD o{ peop i e sever mg their connection with the state 

v^j 1„* ~. — ~-~ — : ;- .~~~~-~"~ cnurcn _ "We are told that during last year at least 

Amid the many discouraging instances o wqqq ^^ ^ fa with drawn. At the special 

fulness in stewardship among those amply able to give, ^^ ^ ^ ^.^ ^ ^.^ appUcations fm]|| 

it is really refreshing to note that during last year & ^ ^ tQ ^ sonlctinK . s as many as 

the vast sum of $90,452,000 was given for benevolent ^ ^.^ ^.^.^ m ^.^ .„ g >|ngJe 

purposes. The largest amount, $39 729,691, went to ^ withdrawaIs affect the Ll , t herai. church 

the relief of the needy. Educational institutions came ^ ^ ^ fe ^ ^ qJ ^ Roman 

next with $36,052,039. Museums, galleries libraries .^ ^ fe ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

and public improvements got $10,246,131. Keugiou with the people] owing to the lack of real pastoral 

organizations, at the foot of the list, received $4^13,- ^^ Jf ^ ^ condition of t , ]c ( . hurc|| is a most 

959. Andrew Carnegie led the givers with $7,43/ ,6UU. , amentab , e _ a flock wMl0Ut rea| ahepheI . da . 

and John D. Rockefeller came next with $2,934,000. 

And yet these liberal givers, — and probably all of us, After lying buried in the ruins of the consulate at 

have yet to learn the lesson of consecrated giving Messina. Sicily, for eighteen days, the bodies of 

as shown by the poor widow of old, who gave the Arthur S. Cheney, the American consul, and his wife, 

two mites that were "all her living." were recovered Jan. 15, by a detachment of soldiers 

. from the battleship " Illinois." The bodies will be 

Jan. 12 and 13 were red-letter days for the cause ot ^^^ tQ Hartford) Qjrin, as soon as needed 
prohibition in Tennessee, for on these two dates mi- arrangerne , 1ts can be raade> T be work f searching 
portant bills were passed, first by the senate, and later ^ ^.^ o{ ^ earthquake area for possible survivors, 
by the lower house. Bill No. 1, passed by the senate, fa ^ ^.^ pashe ^ aided hy the mcn from tlle dif . 
provides for the prohibition of the sale of liquor with- ^^^ battleships At places w i lere peop i e arc . „„_ 
in four miles of any schoolhouse in Tennessee. The prisoned jn r00ms and cel ] arS| not completely de- 
lower house, by a good majority, passed a bill ab- molished| and within rcach f food supplies, there may 
solutely prohibiting the sale of liquor within the be a possibility of Iife stil! ex ; st i nS] and it is the aim 
State. This, with victories in other States, is en- rf the rescuers to reacb a n these. Slight earthquake 
couraging. It should not, however, cause the least shocks in the str i cken area and farther north, during 
relaxing, of effort, along the line of future achieve- ^ ]ast fcw weekSj bave thrown the people into a state 
merits: The advocates of the liquor traffic are " very Qf terror and appre i len sion. " 

much alive," and watching every opportunity to score . 

a victory. Friends of temperance must needs be con- The mining industry continues to demand its toll 

tinually on their guard to retain the ground already f human lives. In the Lick Branch colliery, Blue- 

g a ; ned . field, W. Va., where fifty lives were lost by an cx- 

° At a recent convention of Jews, comprising the plosion several weeks ago, another disaster of a similar 

middle western States, held in Chicago, the movement nature has snuffed out over one hundred lives. In 

to make Palestine the legally-secured and recognized the early morning of Jan. 12 there was a mighty 

home of the Jews, was given considerable attention, rumbling in the earth, much like the sound of thunder. 

From reports submitted it appears that Jews through- which reverberated throughout the miles of corridors 

out the world recognize the feasibility of carrying out and air passages of the mine, crowded with those 

the plan,— long a cherished dream of Jewish enthu- who work there. The mouth of the mine suddenly 

siasts There are now 100,000 Jews in Palestine, and belched forth a mass of soot, dust and debris, together 

of this number 10,000 have emigrated from Russia with lurid flames, portending death and destruction. 

and Roumania during the last few years. Now, since Immediate arrangements were made for the rescue 

the old-time Turkish restrictions have been removed, of possible survivors, but there is no doubt that by the 

many more will seek homes in the land of their force of the explosion, as well as by the noxious gases, 

fathers The early completion of a Jewish university the lives of the entombed miners have been ended, 

in Palestine is now practically assured, as large dona- It seems that even the best of care cannot entirely 

tions have been made to guarantee the success of the prevent these sad accidents. 

" Work, peace, and progress," is the motto of the 
new Turkey, according to Hussein Kiazini Bey, first 
Turkish ambassador to the United States, and first 
envoy of a constitutional Ottoman Empire to this 
country. According to the ambassador the people of 
Turkey were so well prepared for the constitutional 
form of government that the ease, with which they are 
adapting themselves to the new order of things, is as- 
tonishing the world. The most encouraging feature of 
all is the pleasant relations now existing between the 
hitherto discordant elements of the empire. Now 
Christians and Mohammedans, Jews and Armenians 
are dwelling side by side in perfect union, looking 
forward to a season of peace and prosperity by means 
of the united efforts of the entire nation. This, cer- 
tainly, is a hopeful outlook. 

Foremost, among the benefactions of the world, 
stands the liberality of the United States in behalf of 
the Italian earthquake sufferers. The donations in 
money ami provisions aggregate, it is said, nearly $4,- 
000,000, up to the present, and will likely exceed that 
amount. President Roosevelt has decided to use $500- 
000 of the funds appropriated by Congress in the con- 
struction of 2,500 or 3,000 substantial, hut necessarily 
very plain frame houses, to afford needed shelter from 
the elements for the unfortunate survivors. The Navy 
Department is in charge of the work, and will trans- 
port the necessary materials, as will as skilled 
mechanics, to the scene of (lie disaster immediately. 
While this wholesale construction of houses for the 
sufferers is a decided innovation in international re- 
lief measures, it is. probably a most practical plan to 
help the needy ones. 

Again war has been happily averted. While it is 
often said that " the pen is mightier than the sword," 
in this case it was the still more powerful influence 
of gold. The Turkish government, rather than en- 
gage in an expensive and perhaps fruitless war, has 
derideil to accept Ihe $10,800,000 indemnity, offered 
hy Austro-Hungary for the annexation of Bosnia and 
Herzegovina. Ill addition to this pecuniary compen- 
sation, Austria makes various concessions, demanded 
by Turkey, and it now looks as if the vexed Balkan 
question is at least partially settled. Turkey and Bul- 
garia have not yet determined, as lo the amount of 
indemnity to he paid the Ottoman Empire, but they 
will likely agree. Servia and Montenegro remain as 
the two puzzling problems in the European family 
of conflicting interests. In their case, a lack of re- 
sources, — the needed sinews of war, — precludes the 
sudden outbreak of hostilities. 

Too often the apostolic injunction, " Be courteous," 
is lost sight of, even by professing Christians. In this 
respect the Japanese can teach us, perhaps, some 
much-needed lessons. Preparatory to the visit of the 
American fleet, the Governor of Kanogawa, a town 
on the Bay of Tokyo, where the fleet was to anchor, 
gave extensive directions concerning courteous treat- 
ment of these and other visitors: "Loungers must 
not crowd around foreigners. Merchants must not 
charge them excessive prices. No ironical remarks 
are to be made upon their dress, their religion, or 
their doings. No coarse or insulting remark is to 
be addressed to them. They must not be looked in 
the face, or Stared at impertinently. Foreign mission- 
aries must be as much respected as Japan priests." 
We also learn that even the Chinese are included in 
the courteous treatment to be accorded. So far does 
this courtesy extend, that all cartoons, in any way 
ridiculing the affairs of any other nations, are rigidly 
suppressed. Japan may not be as much enlightened 
as the western nations, but the people endeavor to 
show good manners. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 


"Leaves have their time to fall:" 

First Autumn revels in her wealth of gold, 
Then, like a prodigal, she scatters all, 
To canker and to crumble in the mold. 

"The flowers wither at the north wind's breath:" 

In early spring or in late summertime: 
The cold dew kisses, but its kiss means death, 
And grace and beauty perish in the rime. 

"Stars have their time to set:" 

No more through the tall windows of the skies 
Their light streams, and in darkness we forget 
That sometime, somewhere, they again must rise. 

"Thou hast all seasons for thine own, O death! " 
The reaper with the sower side by side, 
In flowery vale or upland wandereth, 
And in the selfsame cot at night abide. 

All seasons, — for the Father knows 

When we are ready for the angel's call, 

And out of summer sun or winter snows, 
Into the heavenly garner gathers all. 

His will, — not ours, — be done! 

He is the Husbandman, and he can tell 
When through enough of clouds, enough of sun, 
Our time is ripe; he doeth all things well. 

When into fields of earth. 

To gather in God's sheaves, the angels come, 
With songs of joy they bear them from our hearth, 

But our ears are dull, our lips so dumb. 

Oh, it is sweet to die 

When fields are green and song fills all the air, 
But sweeter still 'mid goldeji sheaves to lie, 

With summer flowers, that fade and perish there. 

And some are glad to go 

When fields are bare and autumn leaves are turning 
All brown and gold, and in the sunset glow. 

With heavenly light the western skies are burning. 

But God's own time is mine, 

And when I hear the call I shall not grieve. 
And if I may not bide till autumn time, 

I would be gathered witli the summer sheaves. 
Areola, 111. 


Despite the command given through Moses more 
than three thousand years ago, — " Thou shalt have 
no other gods before me," — man has always had gods. 
Sometimes they have been the forces of nature, some- 
times a great man. and sometimes a spirit, as the 
Great Spirit of the American Indian. It would be 
rather difficult to say from which class of gods most 
evil has resulted ; but it is probably safe to say that at 
the present time, and for some generations, the wor- 
ship of man has led many from the right way. 

And this worship has not been, and is not, confined 
to any one country or sect. The great man — in war, 
in council, in church, in learning — has always had, 
has, and doubtless always will have his followers, 
the number of them depending largely on what he 
has done. It is not always bad to be the follower of 
a truly great man. He is the ideal for the majority, 
and to reach the position occupied by him is the great- 
est good that can be hoped for. The desire to be like 
him has lifted many a man from a lower to a higher 
"plane ; and that was good for him and the world. 

But the trouble is that the worshiper looks no 
higher, sees nothing greater above and beyond the 
man ; and that is bad, for no man can be a pattern for 
another in all things — all have sinned and come short 
of the glory of God. Anything that stops us short 
of our highest possible aspirations is not desirable. 
If all men were like Paul, and advised others to follow 
them only so far as they followed Christ, following 
leaders would not result in very much harm; but 
some seem to take a pride in having followers who 
have no will or mind of their own. 

In history we learn that evil has come from man- 
made creeds and schemes : God was left out, men set 
themselves in the place of God, and great loss result- 
ed. But the loss still goes on ; and some of us of the 
Brethren church seem to love to have it so. We are 
not worse than others; we may even stop short of 

them in our honor to our leaders. Yet there are 
among us not a few who are slow to express an 
opinion unless they know what some influential broth- 
er thinks about it. They have not the moral cour- 
age to differ from another who holds high positions ; 
they do not trust their own judgment. 

And that is bad when the leader goes in the right 
way; it is fatal if he goes in the wrong way. By look- 
ing back over our history — and not very far back 
at that — we can see where mistakes were made that 
resulted in great harm to the whole church. And at 
the present time the decisions of the church are as 
they are because of what a very small number of per- 
sons say in the open conference. The great majority 
sit silent, influenced by what the others say. This 
must always be so to a very great extent, for the 
average man will not do his own thinking and decid- 
ing. But this way of doing our business does not 
result in the best, or highest development of the mem- 


It pleases our vanity, to be sure, to have others look 
up to us and be guided by what we say. And we 
forget that we are weak and fallible. In time we may 
come to think of ourselves as infallible, and insist on 
having our own way: it is our judgment that is to 
be depended upon, and ours alone. Men have been 
known to take such a stand as this even when their 
stand was in direct opposition to the teaching of the 
church. The result was the throwing down of the 
bars and the letting in of evil. What else could be 
expected, how could it be otherwise, when man in- 
sisted on being honored as though he were the Lord ? 
We would take nothing from the honor due to man ; 
we would not look upon our ablest men with dis- 
trust ; but we would, rather, direct the mind to God ; 
we would have men learn and do his will instead of 
seeking to learn the opinions of their fellows in order to 
be guided by them. Thus only can we walk in safety: 
thus only can the church be kept iii the way that 
leads to life eternal. The wisdom of man is foolish- 
ness with God; and both he who is set up and they 
who set him up as a human god are not wise. There 
is only One who is able to guide us all the way ; there 
is only One who never makes a mistake ; and he is 
not a man worshiped by his fellows. May our de- 
sire be to be guided by him in all things. 
Ouiaja, Cuba. 




Some men are great in intellect, others are great 
in action, and others are great in achievement. Rarely 
do we find these three elements of greatness united 
in one man. Possibly Paul possessed them to a great- 
er extent than any other man. He was great in 
intellect, great in action, and great in achievement, 
though he considered himself " less than the least of 
all saints" (Eph. 3). 

Some men stand out singly and alone, prominent, 
with a marked individuality. Others become so, be- 
cause of place of residence and association with other 
distinguished persons. Some become famous in self- 
forgetfulness, by the performance of a " golden deed," 
while others, like Isaac, the patriarch, are enrolled 
among the honored few through the even tenor of a 
well-spent life. Last, but not least, by far the greater 
number are of the no less fortunate class, who, amid 
many difficulties and discouragements, have done what 
they could, with no thought of reward nor desire for 
station in this life, but who live and labor on, happy 
in the hope to be numbered at last among the least 
of the servants of Christ, with the assurance : " Be 
thou faithful unto death and I will give thee a crown 
of life." Rev. 2: 10. 

Elder Thomas Clark was born April 15, 1786, and 
died at his home, " Rich Hill," on Alleghany Moun- 
tain, Grant County, W. Va., March 12, 1868. His 
father, William Clark, was born in Ireland and came 
to America when a boy, with William Gilmore, a 
relative of his, about the year 1765. He and his 
wife Ann, who was an American by birth, were 

*Note — In this sketch the writer is indebted, for some of 
the data, to D. C. Arnold, Elk Garden. W. Va.. Mrs. Sarah V. 
Odwolt, Plermont, W. Va, and to James L. Park, Johnson 
City. Tenn. 

married May 18, 1785, and settled on Mill Run, 
Hampshire County, Va. (Now West Virginia.) 

They had five children, — Thomas, William, Daniel, 
Hendricks, and Jane. They owned a farm on Mill 
Run, on which was located the woollen mill. Thomas, 
the oldest son, and the subject of this sketch, was 
raised on this farm, and his father prospered in busi- 
ness. Thomas' life was an active one, and about the 
time of his majority he became a classleader, and an 
earnest seeker for the way of truth. Living not far 
from Beaver Run, where ministers of the Brethren 
held regular services, it was but natural that he 
should be impressed with their doctrine, and the way 
of duty became of such intense interest to him that he 
and his associate, William Welch, held prayer meet- 
ing between themselves. His prayer was that the 
Lord would open the way for him, and make him 
just what he would have diim be. The result was 
that he decided to join the Church of the Brethren, 
and he often referred to his experience, at this time 
as the turning point in his life. Like Moses he " chose 
rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than 
to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season." 

He married Hannah Rinker, daughter of John 
Rinker, June 25, 1811, and was elected to the ministry 
about the year 1831. During this time he lived in 
the Beaver Run congregation on the road along Mill 
Creek, or Mill Run, near its junction with the Rom- 
ney (N. W.) turnpike. While here, he preached at 
the regular appointments, going as far west as Green- 
land and Alleghany. 

During these visits he formed the acquaintance 
of Bro. Michael Lyon, who lived near Greenland. 
Their attachment was mutual and continued through 
life. They held meetings jointly at Solomon Mich- 
aels', Nicholas Michaels', and at Pickaway, where 
Wm. Stingley lived, about five miles south of Green- 
land. On Alleghany they held meetings also in dwell- 
ing houses, where preaching was desired. They both 
were attracted by the climate, the productions, the 
people, and the opportunities that opened before them, 
and in about the year 1836 they, with their families, 
moved to Alleghany, and settled within about three 
miles of each other. This was then within the limits 
of the Beaver Run congregation. Here Bro. Clark 
made his home. 

He raised a large family, — six boys and four girls, 
— three of his sons, — Thomas, jun., Hendricks, and 
Felix, became ministers. His family government was 
almost patriarchal. He kept his sons with him in 
opening and improving his large estate, even after 
four of them were married and had families of their 
own. His home was a kind of " Three Taverns," or 
half-way station, for the Brethren on their way to 
the West from the East. 

As a minister Bro. Clark seemed to be adapted to 
frontier life. He was at his best in the face of opposi- 
tion, and even where ridicule put in its unseenly appear- 
ance. His rebuke of sin and misbehavior was unspar- 
ing, while his eye was quick to take in the first symp- 
toms of disorder. He did not fail to present the 
Scripture, terse and strong, bearing on retributive 
wrath and Divine justice, yet, in his exhortations, he 
gave encouragement and invitation to the sinner. 
One of his favorite hymns was, 

" Life is the time to serve the Lord 
The time t'insure the great reward. 
And while the lamp holds out to burn, 
The vilest sinner may return." 

His Field of Labor. — Alleghany Mountains, where 
Bro. Clark lived, is not the treeless, grassless, stream- 
less region to be seen in the Rocky Mountain section 
of our country. On the contrary, if you ascend its 
eastern slope from Greenland, at its base, a distance 
of five miles, along the graded road, will bring you 
to the " Top of Alleghany," where you pass over a 
comparatively level scope of country, undulating with 
streams, timber and pasture land, meadows and pine 
groves, a distance of twenty miles, crossing Stony 
River and the North Branch of the Potomac, along 
the northwestern turnpike, before you ascend the 
Backbone of the Alleghany, when, from its top, you 
behold a stretch of level land " the Glades," and be- 
yond for miles to the west, skirted on the south by 
the German Settlement congregation, to the north 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 

Oakland and Deer Park on the B. and O. Railroad, 
while far away, to the northwest, dipping the hor- 
izon at a distance of thirty miles, once lived Eld. 
Jacob M. Thomas, in the Sandy Creek congregation. 
A half day's journey, still farther on, brings you to 
George's Creek church, Fayette County, Pa., once 
the home of Bro. James Quinter. 

In this large and interesting field, Bro. Clark was 
not the only pioneer preacher. Bro. Jacob M.Thomas, 
and later Bro. Samuel A. Pike, " sons of thunder " 
and with untiring zeal, did much to break down the 
barriers of opposition, and paved the way for others 
to follow, and reap. the harvest. 

Bro. Thomas generally brought another minister 
with him on his preaching tours, and as early as 
1842 Bro. James Quinter, of Fayette County, Pa., 
visited Bro. Clark's neighborhood east of the Back- 
bone, on Alleghany, for the first time. During this 
visit of a few days, he baptized four of Bro. Mich- 
ael Lyon's family, viz., Polly Hays (the writer's 
mother) in her twenty-third year; Thomas D. Lyon, 
aged twenty-one; Wm. S. Lyon, aged 18; Martha 
Lyon, in her fifteenth year ; also Catherine Hendrick- 
son. This baptism occurred in the clear waters of 
the North Branch, just above where Gormania now 
stands. During the sacred rite a few bright drops 
from a passing summer shower fell upon the scene, 
and this was the occasion of a few touching and im- 
pressive remarks by Bro. Quinter at the conclusion 
of the service. To follow the results of this baptism 
would make interesting history. 

Bro. Clark's family record is brief. His brother, 
William Clark, moved to Tennessee at an early date. 
His sons, Thomas Clark, jun., and Felix Clark, mar- 
ried Michael Lyon's daughters, Martha and Anna, 
respectively. Their descendants live on Alleghany 
and in the Greenland congregation. His daughter, 
Mary, married Thomas D. Lyon, and their descend- 
ants live at Hudson, 111., and further west. Hen- 
dricks Clark moved to Kansas after the Civil War, 
and James Hilkey, who married one of Bro. Clark's 
daughters, also moved to Kansas. 

But all things earthly have an end. The old home- 
stead, with . its magnificent stretch of pasture land, 
sugar maple groves, and forest, is now in the hands 
of strangers. The remains of its former owner. Eld. 
Thomas Clark, and his faithful wife, lie buried upon 
the top of the hill, in an open field, with nothing to 
mark the graves save the tall trees skirting the brow 
of the hill and the blue sky above it all. 
Broadwav, Va. 

ed and schooled. The teachings of Christ are the only 
cure and prevention of men becoming immoral, dis- 
honest, grasping, tricky and generally self-seeking at 
heart. To be true citizens of the New Jerusalem, 
will make men prove true citizens here below. 

This training should be implanted into the hearts 
of children when they are young. Some fathers and 
mothers are very anxious to have their children go to 
school every day of the week, but when Sunday morn- 
ing comes, they seem to be somewhat indifferent, and 
care not whether they get to Sunday school and 
church services, or not. Why is this? Is it because 
Christian training is of less importance? No, surely 
not. But some one might say, It is because the law 
of the State requires it. Does not the law of Christ 
teach even the same, and request each parent to see 
that their children receive a Christian education? 

A certain father, devoted to his children, made the 
following remarks, a few weeks ago, at a Sunday- 
school convention : " I have three boys in my home 
and they have never learned anything else but to 
spend a part of every Sunday in Sunday school," 
Were more parents to practice this same example, 
we would have more of our young people grounded 
in the great truths of Christian faith. For this purpose 
God has given the Bible and instituted the church. 
For this purpose we have Sunday school, Christian 
Workers' meeting, schools and colleges. 

It is from the young that the greatest usefulness 
is attained, for then the mind is strong and active, 
and the life can show vim and vigor indicative' of a* 
life spurred on by a noble purpose. Solomon made no 
mistake when he said, " Remember now thy Creator 
in the days of thy youth." It is he who accepts the 
call of Christ while he is young, and continues all his 
day, that will fill up the measure of service which the 
Gospel ideal really presents. The parents, the teacher, 
the minister and coworker in the service of Christ 
should try to impress upon the young people that a 
man or a woman is not truly educated who has not 
learned the great lesson . that Christ came to teach. 
It would be better, in fact, to have a good Christian 
education than the best secular education procurable. 
Maugansville, bid. 


At the present day and age, we, as a people, think 
very highly of education. In fact, we know that our 
government by the people is maintained permanently 
by education,— our free public schools. We like the 
spread of it, so as to guard against anarchy or foolish 
experiments in the way of government, and in this 
our pushing, educational system has already accom- 
plished wonders. 

' While we believe it is a national safeguard, yet we 
should not idolize it and look to it for results which 
it cannot accomplish. When we expect of secular 
education that it will make men righteous or moral, 
we are making a great mistake. 

A man may be educated in art, and may even be- 


The Gospel of Jesus Christ " is the power of God 
unto salvation, to every one that believeth," and it has 
pleased our Heavenly Father " by the foolishness of 
preaching to save them that believe." This makes 
man an instrument for the salvation of his fellow- 
man, and puts into his hands a part that can be done 
by no other than man. 

A part of the work of salvation was reserved to 
himself when Jesus said: "And I, if I be lifted up 
from the earth, will draw all men unto me." John 12: 

Again in John 6: 44 he tells us that no man can 
come unto him except the Father draw him. Christ 
has been lifted up, the Gospel is the all-powerful 
means at hand, and the Holy Spirit has been sent to 
draw men; but no means is provided for carrying 
the plan of salvation to others except as faithful fol- 
lowers teach the Word as it was delivered. God's 
part now is not to teach, but to put life in the teaching 
of his servants, and, so far as that teaching is in ac- 
cord with the words of Jesus Christ, is that power 

The Church of the Brethren fills a special mission 

come an artist, or a man may be educated in science 

and be an expert along that line, but all this cannot among the numerous branches of Christian organiza- 

make a man good. It will not keep men from in- tions. It is set for the defense of the whale Gospel, 

temperance or being immoral. as compared with a part of the Gospel taught^ by 

It takes a religious training to keep man from in- 
dulging in evil, and it is the Christian education that 
I wish to describe as the highest, because it points 
to the highest destiny in life. It will teach every one 
that there are higher things to live for than anything 

others. This very claim brings upon our church a 
greater responsibility than would rest on us other- 
wise. The older the organization, the greater its num- 
bers, and the more it is recognized as a force by 
others, the greater is the need of correct and faith- 
that may be obtained in this world. It will teach men f u i interpretation of the Word by the ambassadors 
to put themselves under self-restraint, and to act for Christ. 

nobly towards their fellow-men. From the interest awakened by others, at times 

These, and many more, is the special province of from the zeal displayed and the bubbhng over of 
Christian education. It is the most important for religious enthusiasm, seen in eonneet.on with work 
the good of humanity as well as the good of the in other churches, one is made to feel that God is 
nation. It is this, in which people should be instruct- laboring together with him; and some wonder why trogressions. 

we may not do as they. It can not be denied that 
the Spirit of God assists and draws men. insofar as 
the Word is taught by others ; but when men are 
moved to accept the Word, so far as taught, what a 
serious thing it is to neglect a part of the teaching, 
and fail to assist in the drawing to a full acceptance. 
The Word is in man's care. A part of it is taught, 
the Spirit strives, and men accept as much as is 
brought to them, Their understanding of the Word 
is darkened by human interventions. Many who 
might have been saved, are lost. The ministry is 
often responsible. It is a fearful thing* to fall into 
the hands of the living God! 

Do you know that the mind must depend partly on 
the assistance of others to understand clearly the plain 
language of the Scriptures? We may read the Word, 
but there are so many angles of view that, without 
assistance* we may not get the true meaning. Only 
by laboring together do we get the benefit of a multi- 
tude of counsel. We understand largely as we are 
taught, and others understand largely as we interpret. 
Many faithful souls are teaching amiss because they 
were taught amiss and had their understanding turned 
from the plain truth. 

As a church we put heavy stress on what our 
fathers emphasized, not because we get no further 
understanding, but because we are satisfied with 
what we once received, and fail to reach out for new 
light to add beauty to what we have. To illustrate: 
How slow has been the church to accept and preach 
the service of feet-washing as anything more than 
an example of humility and simple obedience to the 
commands of our Savior! It has largely left in the 
dark the spiritual lesson of the ordinance; and yet 
that was strongly advocated, years ago, in " Doctrine 
of the Brethren Defended," pages 166 to 172. How 
many ministers hold forth that idea as an inducement 
to accept the ordinance of feet-washing? 

In teaching the principles of peace, we have noticed 
a very common error in the understanding of Matt. 
26: 52. A common belief is that Jesus taught that 
users of the sword should perish by the sword. The 
fact that only a part of such do so perish, has been 
a stumbling-block, and, in order to excuse it in some 
way, it is practically argued that Jesus did not mean 
all his words might imply. In that our church has 
failed, just as others have failed on other points, 
and from the same cause, — lack of belter teaching. 

The interpretation of the words is correct, but the 
sense of such interpretation is not correct, nor is it 
consistent with other teaching on the same subject. 
Rightly dividing the Word gives true interpretation 
of meaning as well as of forms. That meaning must 
often be gathered from other portions, and from the 
general teaching of the Scriptures. Make the Bible 
its own interpreter when you can. 

As to the matter of the sword and its use, Jesus also 
says, in John 18: 36, "My kingdom is not of this 
world; if my kingdom were of this world then would 
my people light." Philpp. 3: 20 says. "Our citizen- 
ship is in heaven." From 2 Cor. 10: 4 we learn that 
our weapons arc not carnal. Again, we learn of 
means whereby we uqci\ not die. John 6: 50. Here 
we find numerous contrasts between Christ's king- 
dom and the worldly kingdom. His is a spiritual king- 
dom which, with its subjects, shall not perish. 

Those who use the sword are not spiritual but are 
carnal. As perishable as is the sword, so perishable 
are those who depend on it for defense, for they are 
not of Christ's imperishable kingdom. He who uses 
the sword belongs to the carnal. Carnal weapons 
and carnal men are under condemnation together, 
and must perish together. 

But, thanks be to God, that many who, in the time 
of their ignorance, did use the sword, have renounced 
the things of darkness, and made allegiance with the 
kingdom of light. Such are now spiritual. Having 
died to the things of this world, they are alive to 
Christ, and their weapons arc spiritual. Together 
with those who have never taken the carnal, they now 
wield the Sword of the Spirit, that piercing, divid- 
ing, discerning weapon of warfare that can never 
perish. Nor can the faithful users of such again be 
brought into condemnation except by our own re- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 

May the sword be waved aloft by the sons of God, 
rightly dividing the Word of Truth, bringing salva- 
tion to the sons of men, and honor and glory on earth 
to him who sitteth in heaven, to whom is due all 
honor and glory, and the praise of hearts and lips 
forever. Amen. 

IFarrensburg, Mo. 




In Four Parts. — Part Four. — Discipline. 

3 closed with the idea of dismissing, 

fellowship, members who rebel against the rules of 
the church. In administering discipline in the church, 
the dismissing of members from the fellowship of the 
body should be the last resort. It is the most painful 
of all disciplinary measures. This, however, as Paul 
found, is necessary when members absolutely- refuse 
to be governed. Such members cannot be saved in the 
church, as long as they live in disobedience, and 
through their influence others receive damage. Many, 
in fact, have been brought to repentance by having 
their fellowship severed for a while. 

Discipline should never be administered except with 
a view of benefiting such as are under the discipline. 
We are so closely related to each other that Paul 
says, " So we, being many, are one body in Christ, 
and every one members one of another." Rom. 12 : 5. 
And being thus related to each other, it is painful to 
have one member severed from the body, because it 
is well known, that when one member suffers, the 
whole bodv suffers with it. Bro. Quinter once said, 
" We can exercise forbearance with a member of the 
church, as long as he or she does not set up rebellion 
against the church. But if they rebel, then it is time 
to act in the case." 1 Cor. 12 : 27, 28 says, " Now ye 
are the body of Christ, and members in particular. 
And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, 
secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that mir- 
acles, then gifts of healing, helps, governments, diver- 
sities of tongues." 

Here we see clearly, that no one is the body of 
Christ, but only a member of the body. Therefore 
no one can afford to set himself against the body. 
Paul continues by saying, " Are all apostles ? are all 
prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of 
miracles? " 

Now let us see 1 Cor. 12: 8-11, which says, " For 
to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom ; to 
another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit ; 
to another faith by the same Spirit; to another the 
gifts of healing by the same Spirit; to another the 
working of miracles; to another prophecy; to an- 
other discerning of spirits ; to another divers kinds of 
tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues." 

Here were nine persons to whom the gifts were 
given, all differing. "Was there any confusion? See 
verse eleven, " But all these worketh that one and the 
selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as 
he will." Singers make melody by every one trying 
to be in harmony with the written music. So there 
will be harmony in church work if each member tries 
to be in harmony with what is written in the Scrip- 
tures. Let us try it! 

What must it' be, I say, to live each day rejoicing? 
Can you think of something that would give such 
joy, if you only had it? Would success in your work 
do it? It has not done so with other men. Would 
great wealth do it? It does not make others happy. 
For the more a man has, the more he has to worry 
about. Would success in love and marriage? Ah, 
but that is a joy; and parenthood, what a joy that is! 
But will that overcome every grief? Will it ease the 
guilty conscience ? What will it do when bereavement 
comes, and the husband is taken, or the wife ? What 
will it do when the children sicken and die, or, worse 
yet, when they grow up to. lives of -sin and shame or 
folly? Will this joy fulfill all demands? We know 
it will not; nor will any other thing which the men of 
the world have. Earth has no joys that earth itself 
cannot destroy. 

Where, then, can we look for joy? To God alone! 
It is with him and from him that we receive it. And 
it is his good pleasure to give it .to us. He has always 
yearned to bless us, and to fill us with joy. How 
- many prophets did he send to call us to him for bless- 

How many beautiful and good things did he lavish 
upon us, just to make us happy; but we would not. 
But each of us forgot his blessings in striving with 
his neighbor/and in inventing abominations that sure- 
ly work unto death. What, then, can the Father do? 
Fie sends his Son to be our joy! His own precious 
and" Only Begotten One to be our Savior! Is that 
joy? Oh what joy! That we should be saved ! That 
all that numberless host of sins and shortcomings 
should be blotted out; that every day we might be 
strong through his Spirit that strengthens us, and 
that, every day, we might be forgiven by his grace. 
And what joy that death is no more ; that the grave 
is not the end, but the beginning of life ; that old a°-e 
does not take us farther from joy, but nearer the 
supreme joy; the joy of seeing him face to face— 
the one who loves as no man loves. 

What joy to know that he careth for us, that even 
the hairs of our heads are numbered ; that he knoweth 
our needs and is abundantly able to supply them ; that 
nothing, not even the greatest calamities known upon 
earth, can snatch us out of his hand ; that there is no 
affliction but shall abound to the great and eternal 
profit of those- whom the Lord loves. Will all these 
things give us joy? They will, if we accept them 
and hold to them. They are ours by grace, and ours 
for our rejoicing. It is wrong not to rejoice; it is 
folly to be glum. What man can know these things 
and not be glad? . Only he who loves the darkness. 

And this joy is for all the people; just think of that. 
Has everybody been told? How, then, can they have 
joy? Oh, Brethren, how can we rejoice in this jov, 
and keep it to ourselves ? How can we hold back our 
hands from giving ourselves, our children, and our 
money, to carry the news! Oh Christians, what will 
he say to us when he finds that we have not fed his 
little ones with the Bread of Life? Will it be, "I 
never knew you? " Oh Father, give us grace that we 
may rejoice and be a joy unto others even to thy 
little ones ! 
Chicago, III. 

the care of Menallen monthly meeting, in Adams 
County, where most of them came from. While be- 
longing to this meeting there was seldom a monthly 
meeting in Adams County without representatives 
from Dunnings Creek. A mother would often ride 
on horseback a hundred miles distant, having a child 
on the saddle with her. Mr. Janney says, " The new 
quarterly meeting was opened, a committee of the 
yearly meeting being in attendance." This, no doubt, 
was reorganizing after the separation here, in 1831. 
After this, the Orthodox and Hicksites, each had 
their own church. The Baltimore Yearly Meeting 
passed a decree to separate in 1828. 

We don't realize what a power for good these 
pioneer ministers were. There were no free schools 
then. The first log schoolhouses for the free schools 
were just being built. The meetings in the first log 
churches in the country were all the people had, be- 
sides their daily toil. These ministers were civili'zers, 
educators and spiritual advisers, and they never 
thought of pay. It was Christian fellowship,— work 
for God. We hear a lot about " taking the world for 
Christ." If we had a host of men like Mr. Janney, 
Bro. John Kline, and others, they would storm the 
battlements of Satan, while the athletic 
playing match ball games. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

ministers are 




The seventh Sunday-school Teachers' Institute was 
held from Dec. 28, 1908, to Jan. 1, 1909, at New 
Carlisle, under the auspices of the Donnels Creek and 
Hickory Grove congregations. This place is not as 
centrally located, among our membership, as the 
places where former institutes were held. For this 
reason many predicted a smaller attendance than 
usual, but when the morning trains and street cars 
had arrived, and the first morning service began it 
was found that several hundred Sunday-school work- 
ers and ministers were present, representing nearly 
all of the fifty-six Sunday schools in the district, and 
filling every nook and corner of the church buildino- 
This was characteristic of the attendance all through 
as was also the beautiful weather. The greater part 
of those present had learned the value and efficiency 
of these institutes, and had come to remain the 
time. They were present at the opening 

This shows the great contrast to 

le entire 
of every 


And the angel said unto them, Be not afraid; for, be- 
hold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall 
be to all the people. 

Theee is so much of sorrow in the world, so much 
of dreary, monotonous toil, so much of push, and rush, 
and striving, that we are likely to forget that there 
is anything else. How much real joy is there? Not 
much, I fear; even our pleasure-seeking is a serious 
business, and its joy is gone when it is over. Just 
. think what it must be to be happy all the time : fully, 
enthusiastically, joyfully happy! What must it be to 
have a joy so deep and strong that it can't be chilled ; 
so great that no matter what may happen, we are 
just happy anyhow. Just to have something so bright 
to think about that no dark and gloomy thought can 
live in our minds: to have a possession so precious 
that we feel rich, no matter what else we lose. 



I was interested in this sketch, because it fits so well 
at this end of Mr. Janney's journey. This Quaker 
settlement is not far from Bedford, Pa., and for years 
and years, every first Sunday in June, people, — mostly 
young folks,— come twenty miles or more, from all di- 
rections, to " Quaker Quarters." 

In a late " History of Bedford County, Pa.," by 
Mr. Howard Blackburn, a member of the Friends at 
Dunnings Creek (their churches are now at Fisher- 
town), he gives his paper, prepared in 1903, for the 
one hundredth anniversary of the establishing of a 
monthly meeting at this' place. There had been 
families of Friends living here earlier than 1790. 
The writer can not trace the date of their coming 
here. With Mr. Blackburn's history is a picture of 
the old log church, built by the Orthodox Friends in 

Before their organization in 1803, they were under 

prevailing condi- 
tions a half dozen years ago, when our institutes 
first began. Then irregular attendance and tardiness 
were much more common. According to the register 
477 people enrolled their names. Among these °were 
thirty-three Sunday-school superintendents, fifty-two 
advance teachers, twenty-nine intermediate teachers, 
twenty primary teachers, many assistant teachers and 
officers and about fifty ministers and elders. 

The program was one of the strongest we have 
yet had. Brethren I. B. Trout, A. C. Wieand. and 
John S. Flory were the instructors. For them it was 
a sort of home-coming as the first two are natives of 
Ohio and the latter got his wife in Ohio. The insti- 
tute was held in Bro. Trout's former congregation," 
where he spent his boyhood days, followed by ten' 
years' teaching school and his early ministerial life. 
All this led to the renewing of old memories and old 
acquaintances, even among some of the colored peo- 
ple, who, at times, formed a part of his audience. 
Every address, given by each of these instructors, was 
helpful, practical and inspiring. 

Bro. Trout was with us three days, giving us eight 
addresses. In these he discussed the most important 
phases of "Sunday-school Management and Prob- 
lems," "Elements of Power in Teaching," and the 
" Comlict of Early Christianity with Heathendom." 

Bro. Flory was with us two days, giving us five ad- 
dresses. Among the subjects he discussed were 
" God's Choice of a Leader," and " Some Principles 
in Teacher-training." He closed with a masterly and 
very instructive address on "Teaching Boys." 

Bro. Wieand was with us on NewYear's Eve and 
on New Year's Day, giving as three very helpful and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 


" Source and Secrets of would be folly to expect the laity (and especially the f or n ; s people, as well as to prepare his people for 

young members) to live closer to the Gospel than those said place. This does not imply that God's house and 

highly spiritual addresses on 
Efficiency and Power in Sunday-school work," " Soul 
Winning," and " Conversion," and " The Fundamen- 
tals of Success for Primary and Advanced Teachers." 
His addresses were illustrated from some of the 
Sunday-school Lessons for 1909. 

All present seemed greatly pleased with spending 
the close of the old year, and the ushering in of the 
new, in trying to improve their efficiency in Sunday- 
school work. This high standard of instruction ought the left, to see those things on both brethren and sis- 
to have a telling effect for good, in every school rep- ters. " Christian! Let your light shine! " 
resented. " But," says one, " why should God forbid the wear- 

Among those present from other State Districts ing of as pure an article as gold? There are many 
were Sister Emma Miller, District Sunday-school things we do not understand, and that is one of them. 
Secretary of Southern Indiana, and her husband. But we do know that he forbids it, and that seems to 

be a part of his great plan, and " belongs to the hidden 
wisdom of God." " The silver is mine, and the gold 

who " are to take care of the church of God." 1 Tim. 
3: 5. 

We have been present on several occasions, where 
young people applied for membership. They were 
asked the usual questions, such as not to conform to 
the world in following the fashions and not to wear 
gold, when they had only to look to the right or to 

The people of Hickory Grove and Donnels Creek, 
and especially the citizens of New Carlisle, are to 
be commended for their generosity and hospitality 
in caring for our people. 

Greenville, Ohio. 

its many mansions must all be changed. If space 
is God's house, and each world a mansion, then at 
least this world must be renovated before Christ's 
promise of Matt. 5 : 5 will be fulfilled. " Blessed are 
the meek for they shall inherit the earth." Christ says, 
" Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things." 
Peter, in referring to Christ's ascension, says, " Whom 
the heaven must receive until the times of restitution 
of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of 
all his holy prophets since the world began." No. 4 
is in place here. 

7. It is the universal belief that at Christ's ascen- 
sion his natural body was changed to a glorified spirit- 
ual body. Of this change we have a glimpse on the 
Mount of Transfiguration. Paul bad a view of 



One has only to study the early history of the 
church, — from its organization down to the present 
time, — to form an idea as to whether we are drifting 
worldward or not. 

The more we study the ways and spirit of the church 
during her early years, the more we are convinced 
that those who organized the church understood what 
they were doing. The founders surely were men, 
fully guided by the Holy Spirit, to be able to grasp 
every principle and command, laid down in the Gospel. 
They found no nonessentials there. They simply took 
the " counsel of God " and organized the church on 
that " Solid Foundation,"— the Word. They did hot 
try to broaden the foundation to make room for the 
world. They believed in him who said, " No man can 
serve two masters." They obeyed the Lord fully. 

Do zve believe the same today? Do we believe as 
fully in being " a peculiar people," as we do in bap- 
tism? Do we believe as fully in being " honest in the 
sight of all men," as we do in feet-washing? Do we 
helieve as fully in the nonwearing of gold and fash- 
ionable dress, as we do in the Lord's supper ? If not, 
why not ? 

There seems to be a tendency, on the part of some, 
to criticise those who think that the church is drift- 
ing worldward. They think we should go on and 
hope for the best. Hope is a grand thing, but to be 
" unmoved from the hope of the Gospel, we must be 
grounded and settled in the faith." Col. 1 : 23. Other- 
wise our hopes might be in vain. So, while we are 
" looking for that blessed hope," let us also watch and 
pray! May God help us to be wide-awake, that we 
may not be blind watchmen. Isa. 56 : 10. 

Has the time come when we, as a church, are act- 
ually afraid to advocate the plain principles of the 
Gospel, for fear of being called fault-finders, unjust 
judges, etc? Let us stand for the whole Gospel, as 
our fathers did. If, in the time of Christ and his in- 
spired apostles, they were to " observe all things that 
he had commanded," can we get through in any other 
way? True, on some questions the church has moved 
along in a commendable way, especially in the mis- 
sionary work, helping to build churches, and providing 
homes for our aged members, etc. All this is good, 
but in our zeal on these questions many of us, both 
old and young, have laid aside the nonconformity prin- 

Pride and fashion are to the church what strong 
drink is to the world, — its worst foe. It is sad to see 

shall not wear it, and yet does not prohibit us from 
using it as a medium of exchange, that is his way ; 
and we should " trust and obey." 

" But," says one, " plain clothes will save no one." 
No, neither will baptism alone. Neither will the com- 
munion alone. It takes obedience to the whole Word 
that we may be able to stand before " the judgment 
seat of Christ," — and hear that welcome plaudit, 
" Well done." 

Burr Oak, Kans. 

saith the Lord." Hag. 2: 8. If he says we Christ's glorified stale. Ananias said to him, "That 

thou shouldest see that Just One." Paul says, " I saw 
him saying unto me." Acts 22: 14-18. Well could 
Paul write of this glorified state as he docs in 1 Cor. 
15 : 36-54. This great change is made possible through 
the ascension of Christ. " Our conversation is in 
heaven; from whence also we look for t lie Savior, the 
Lord Jesus Christ: who shall change our vile body, 
that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, 
according to the working whereby he is able even to 
subdue all things unto himself." Philpp. 3: 20, 21. 
What a contrast between the earthly and heavenly! 

THE ASCENSION OF CHRIST. " - T °- V "^Peakable." 

Hartville, Ohio. 

Some Reasons Why Christ Ascended to Heaven. 

1. It was one of the proofs of his divine nature, 
and completed his mission in this world. " Immanuel, 
God with us, God manifest in the flesh," implies his 
incarnation, death, and resurrection. " When he as- 
cended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave 
gifts unto men." Hence Paul further says: "He 
that descended is the same also that ascended up far 
above all heavens, that he might fill all things." Christ 
attaches a world of meaning to the clause, " Because 
I go unto my Father." His ascension crowns his re- 
demptive work. Without it he could not be the 
Savior of all men. 

2. If Christ had not ascended, he would cither have 
always to remain on earth, in his body, or like Laz- 
arus, die again. In either case, Rom. 1 : 4 anil 1 Peter 
1 : 3-5 could not be accomplished. The Bible reveals 
three dispensations: (a) The dispensation of God 
the Father, (b) God the Son. (c) God the Holy 
Spirit. If Christ had not ascended, the dispensation 
of God the Spirit could not have come, and consum- 
mated all things. Christ truly said, " I tell you the 
truth; it is expedient for you that I go away; for if 
I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you ; 
but if I depart, I will send him unto you." 

3. The ascension of Christ links this world with 
the spiritual world. It assures us that we have an 
ever-living Savior in heaven. " Death hath no more 
dominion over him." Hear him: "I am he that 
liveth, and was dead ; and, behold, I am alive for ever- 
more. Amen." Again : " Because I live, ye shall live 
also." We have a lively hope, because we have a living 

4. Through his ascension Christ appears before 
the Father as our Advocate, Intercessor, Mediator. 
High Priest, etc. That God the Father accepted of 
him as such, is apparent, hence the Holy Spirit has 
been sent into the world to consummate the work of 
redemption. It all proves that Christ's sacrifice was 
accepted in heaven. Much might be added to this line 
of thought. 


Bro. B. F. Heckraan, of the Bethany Bible School, came 
to this place Dec. 26, and began his work as instructor 
in Bible .study. The following evening we arranged for 
the work. That evening Bro. Heckman addressed us 
on " The Fundamental Principles of the Brethren Church." 

During the week we were in session live hours each 
day. Our morning study was that of Acts, Psalms and 
the Epistle of James, while the night session included 
personal work and prayer. Each was a feast to our souls. 
The class unanimously decided that our prayer lessons 
appealed to us as never before, and that God heard and 
answered our supplications in behalf of these meetings. 

Surely, each one has a much better insight into the Word, 
and we are made to feel even more the duty and re- 
sponsibility we owe. The interest remained good through- 
out, yet it was regretted much that sickness hindered many. 
May Bethany Bible School prosper, and send forth many 
more such teachers that God's name may be glorified 
in it all! Sudie E. Hoover. 

Jan. 8. 

5. When Christ gave his last commission to his 
so many of our dear brethren and sisters, who ought disciples, he said, " Lo, I am with you alway, even 
to be a power for good, taking the stand they do on un to the end of the world." " Amen " adds Matthew. 

this question. Wheneyer we surrender the principles 

of nonconformity, either as a church or as individuals. 

we lose our spiritual power over the w r or!d. Nor does 

this departure from gospel plainness rest with the laity 

alone. It is found in the official body as well. That 

"outward adorning" and the wearing of gold. etc.. 

are to be found in too many families, — even of officials, ages, in India as well as in America, 

We are not justifying the laity, for " he that knoweth to possible through his ascension. 

do good and doeth it not, to him it is sin." But it 6. Christ ascended that he might prepare 

Christ could not have been an omnipresent Savior, as 
here promised, if he had not ascended into heaven. Tru- 
lv it ever will be to the advantage and profit of all men. 
of all ages, that Christ ascended into heaven. This 
is not the least consoling thought of all foreign mis- 
sionaries. That Christ can be with all men, in all 

has been made 


Tile subject of this notice may not be so well known 
to the Brotherhood as were some others whom we might 
name, but, like a faithful shepherd, he did his duty in 
caring and feeding the flock of God. In passing through 
his short period in life, be did many a noble Christian 
deed well worth our imitation. 

Bro. Browcr was born in Wabash County, Ind., Aug. 
1, 1868, and accepted Christ as his Savior while yet in 
his teens. Feb.' 22, 1891, he was given in marriage to 
Sister Mary Louisa Swihart, daughter of Eld. Geo. Swi- 
hart, of Mayville, N. Dak. 

In 1895 Bro. Browcr and family moved to Mayville, 
N. Dak. In 1896 be was called to the oihec of deacon, 
in which he faithfully worked until two years later, 
when he was called to the ministry. In 1902 his respon- 
sibilities were still increased, and in 1903 he was ordained 
to the full ministry. 

One year ago Bro. Brower decided to locate in the 
Salem congregation, they having no resident elder, and 
he took charge of that congregation, the year being 
crowned with great success. The membership looked 
forward into the new year in anticipation of still great- 
er work. But Bro. Brower's family was stricken with 
typhoid fever, Sister Brower being the first to yield. 
About the time she became able to leave her room, her 
husband fell victim to the fever. Notwithstanding the 
skill of physicians he grew weaker and weaker, and, Dec. 
27, his spirit took its flight. At this time three of the 
children were struggling with the same disease, and 
one is still lingering. 

Funeral services were conducted in the Salem church 
by the home ministers, from Rev. 14: 13. Our brother 
has been removed from a life of activity to the realms 
of bliss, prepared for those whose faithfulness will permit 
them to enter. A loving wife, one son, three daughters, 
a mother, two brothers, three sisters, and a congrega- 
tion without a shepherd, survive his untimely death. 
Minot, N. Dak, Jan. 6. Geo. Strycker. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 





There is a universe of difference between being 
one among the ALL at the top, or being one at the 
deeps of the sea. Matt. 18: 1-6. Not only are the 
proclaimed principles of " disciple-becoming " and 
" disciple-abiding " tremendously set forth in every 
expression of Jesus, but in each his methods stand out 
in great heaps. It is useless to search the earth for 
methods to teach his principles, when, in the Book 
of his principles, the methods are inbedded with the 
principles. What means all this agonizing, all this 
voicing in meetings, all these essays on methods, all 
these plannings for ways to apply Truth when Jesus, 
with every dialogue, with every teaching, put the 
perfect method with the perfect principle? Study 
them, search for them, enjoy them. 

In the text, what is it to change and become AS 
a little child? What difference between the disciples' 
idea, — room for one at the top, — and Testis' idea of 
room at the top for ALL? Do you get the range be- 
tween the two ? How far apart are the two ideas ? 
Which one must get out of the way of the other? 
Which one do you want? As a little child. As a 
little child. Get the idea. Put it where it will stay 
and work. 

Is a little child shy, humble? Is it docile? Is it 
trustful? Is it open, — receptive to truth? Is it be- 
lieving? Has it a burden of doubts? Is it forgiving? 
Is it graceful? Or do you only see it after all these 
traits are squeezed out of it? Is the little child ask- 
ing for the top, all for itself? No, not until it has 
been crammed with selfishness. Does a little child 
look for gradations? Is it seeking selfish dignity? 
Really, what has been lost in the minds of the disciples ? 
What is astray in many hearts ? Is it humility, healthy 
awe, docility, trust, modest)', a longing for true fitness 
for tile kingdom? Is submissiveness keeping down 
desire for authority over others ? Really, what is 
wrong? Have you your eyes on the millstone or on 
the throne? Which shall be the greatest? — is the bane 
of unbelief. It is the poison of division, the asp of 
dissension. The cure is the heart that wants room for 
all at the top. 

207 Manitou Ave., Los Angeles, Cat. 


A story is told of a man at a certain prayer meet- 
ing who was praying in rather a cold and formal way, 
when an eccentric preacher interrupted by saying, 
" Let Bro. Jones pray ; he is better acquainted with the 
Lord." Too many prayers lack the freedom and 
familiarity that grows out of the intimacy of a soul 
that clings closely to the One who pities as a kind and 
loving Father. One of the disciples, after enjoying 
companionship with Christ, asked him the very sug- 
gestive question: "How is it that thou wilt manifest 
thyself unto us and not unto the world? " Jesus an- 
swered and said unto him, " If a man love me, he 
will keep my words ; and my Father will love him, and 
we will come unto him, and make our abode with 
him." John 14: 22, 23. 

From a thorough acquaintance there will follow 
sweet fellowship, delight in communion, fervency of 
devotion and an assimilation of the nature. " Ac- 
quaint now thyself with him and be at peace." 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 



In attending the Sunday-school Teachers' Normal 
of Northwestern Ohio, every one was impressed with 
the great importance and scope of the work in this 
field. Bro. Flory told us of the 12,000,000 children, 
in this country alone, and of the 200.000 people who 
are in direct touch with the Church of the Brethren, 
all needing the Gospel taught them, thus impressing 
us with the great need of trained teachers and workers, 
to reach this great army who are now, and will be, the 

membership of the church, and will be the nation's 
citizens and leaders. Bro. Fitzwater impressed us 
with the importance of some inherent qualities that a 
Sunday-school teacher must have to insure success. 
The burning cry comes to us, "Who is ready?" 
Very few answer. Then the question is " How may we 
get ready?" These very Sunday-school Teachers' 
Normals constitute one of the avenues through which 
the preparation comes. Here we, who are teachers 
and workers of the various districts, receive knowl- 
edge from our able instructors, both in Sunday- 
school Pedagogy and Bible Truth, and we are made 
to feel our absolute weakness, our littleness, our in- 
ability along these lines; and I truly believe that, 
when we get to this condition, we are just ready to 
begin to learn. 

Now what we need is more of these Normals and 
Institutes, so as to impress more workers as to their 
direct personal responsibility of reaching their part of 
the many who need the Truth, and not only the duty, 
but, by the Grace of God, the privilege of every Chris- 
tian being a soul winner. 
North Manchester, hid. 

It takes strength and faith to win the fight, — but 
what a reward in the end ! 
' Naperville, III. 


Willingly, gently he yielded himself to faithful 
service, giving his deep, broad shoulders to the burdens 
imposed by the reasonable demands of his master.. 
I was caught by the grace of his carriage, — tall, 
stately, mighty monarch of the field that he is ! Per- 
haps a thousand, who regarded him as beneath their 
compliment or caress, were fed by his daily diligence. 

With no one of his resolutions was I more im- 
pressed than with his resolution of silence. Could 
lie speak? What would he say if he addressed him- 
self to the civilization of this present age with its 
intense pace? 

He continued to labor on in silence, though a 
single sentence, spoken by him, would have caused 
even the wisest among men to strain their ears. He 
seemed to be unmindful of everything else save the 
simple duties of his daily toil. 

Back and forth, seemingly to some silent harmony 
that attuned his nature, he moved his auditory — 
plumes. What dignity! What an air of importance 
the graceful movement imparted to the owner! Ah, 
there is the lofty lesson for everyday, use, — a virtue 
unexcelled by even the masters of oratory. Is he 
not a forceful exponent of those sound words : " Let 
every man be swift to hear, slow to speak"? James 
1 : 17. 

Really now, could not this thought be stated thus: 
" Work your ears more and your tongue less "? 

That is what the' mule seemed to say to me, as I 
attentively watched him. 

Covin a, Cal. 



Why is it that so many of our churches have so 
few nonmembers attending the services? Compara- 
tively speaking, few people, who have never been 
familiar 'with the belief of the Brethren, ever be- 
come members. Why is it? Simply because our 
road to heaven is not paved as smoothly as many 
would have it. 

The road to fame is rough and stony, and filled 
with, what sometimes seem to be, insurmountable dif- 
ficulties, but courage and persistency will win the 
day at last. Just so it is in the 'Christian life. 

In many churches the way is broad instead of nar- 
row, and paved so smoothly that any one, without 
much effort, can become a so-called Christian. He 
is led to think that he will reach the pearly gates as 
readily as those who labor harder, and travel a road 
that is narrow and filled with obstacles. 

Christ knew what weak creatures we are. In order 
to test us and make us worthy of that "haven of 
rest," he gave us work to do which seems difficult 
at times, but if we persist we will win the day. 

Then, too, some say, " How can you do some of 
the ordinances of your church?" We can do them, 
and must do them if we would enter the kingdom. 


The Savior worked with little things, to shpw 
his power in greater things. He healed a little daugh- 
ter or, rather, brought her to life. Mark 5: 41. He 
paused to notice the little ones who had died. There 
are but three persons, named in the New Testament 
that he brought to life again, — Jairus' daughter, the 
widow's son and Lazarus. He called a little child 
and " set him in the midst of them," and from this he 
preached conversion and salvation to those of older 
years. Matt. 18: 2, 3. Having but "little faith," 
troubled Peter, so he called for Jesus to save htm. 
Matt. 14:31. 

Goshen, Ind. 


For Sunday Evening, January 31, 1909. 

Acts 4: 8-14. 
I. Peter and John. 

1. Galilean fishermen. Acts 1: 11; 2: 7. 

2. Unlearned and ignorant. V. 13. 

3. Bold, but not school-bold. Vs. 8-12. 

Note. — Their prisoners became their Nathan. 2 Sam 
12: 7. 
II. The Basis of Courage is 

1. A firm conviction that we are right. 

2. Implicit faith in Mark 11: 22; John 6: 29; and 
Rom. 15: 13. The most unlearned may have these. 

III. "They Had Been with Jesus." V. 13. 

1. In communion with him. 

2. In sympathy with his plans. 

3. He was the lamp in the fisherman's hut. John 
1: 4; 8: 12. 

Song. — " Lo, a Gleam From Yonder Heaven." 
Note.— Many of the greatest things in the world have 
been done by those who have not had a formal ed- 
ucation in school. But in all cases they have been 
faithful students elsewhere. Name examples. 

2. The apostles were trained in the school of Christ 
and the Holy Spirit, — free tuition, school open to 
all. Matt. 11: 28; John 6: 37; Rev. 22: 17. 

3. The apostles did not pray to be delivered from per- 
secution, but for courage and for the power of God 
in good works (4: 23-30). The answer came. V. 31. 


For Week Beginning January 31, 1909. 

Luke 5: 17-26. 

1. Faith Knows No Hindrances.— Verse 19. Those who 

really believe in Jesus will, some way or other, brins 
their burdens to his feet, as those four men brought the 
helpless paralytic. The need of others should inspire 
us to do our best, — to bring them to the Great Physi- 
cian. Luke 13: 24; 1 Tim. 6: 12. 

2. Christ's Ready Response. — " Thy sins are forgiven 
thee." Verse 20. Wonderful healing is freely- given to 
fallen man! Christ is ready to take away our iniquity, 
and pardon abundantly. Acts 10: 43. 

3. Christ's Recognition of Faith. — " When he saw their 
faith.". Verse 20. The faith of the four men who car- 
ried the paralytic, as well as the faith of the poor suf- 
ferer, was a mighty power in the sight of Christ. He 
recognized their faith and was willing to bestow an ample 
blessing. He is just as ready today. Are we willing 
to take him at his word? Rom. 5: 1. 

4. Perfect and Immediate Restoration. — " He rose up be- 
fore them, and departed to his own house, glorifying 
God." Verse 25. The Lord's work is perfect. No man 
will ever be able to add a finishing touch to the sav- 
ing work of Christ. The work of healing and forgiving 
was done suddenly and completely. The best evidence 
of a complete cure is found in the fact that he could 
now "rise up" and "go to his own house, glorifying 
God." Man today is not beyond the reach of Christ's 
loving power. Wonderful, indeed, are the riches of his 
grace! John 14: 15. 

5. Marvelous Triumphs" of Faith. — "They were all 
amazed and glorified God." Verse 26. Praise may well 
be rendered to the Lord for the many wonderful man- 
ifestations of grace to the children of men. The grateful 
heart breaks out in praise and thanksgiving. Rom. 11: 
33-36; 1 Peter 4: 11; Rev. 1: 5, 6. Read the "record gf 
the faithful" in Heb. 11. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 



Sometimes the Master takes a human life 

And clothes it with the beauty of his grace, 
And sets the radiance of his peace to shine 

With its clear light on some beloved face. 
And hand in .hand with his own saints we stray, 

While day by day their voices tenderer grow; 
Till, sudden at the parting of the way, 

His chariot meets them and they smile and go. 
So she passed on— the loving and the loved— 

We know not where— we could not see for tears— 
But in some realm from doubt and fear removed, 

She wears the beauty of unfading years. 
Smiling she waits, serene and undismayed; 

For lo! her eyes in clearer light behold 
The hosts of God, in shining ranks arrayed, 

The angle-guard the prophet saw of old. 
Onward with them her tireless footsteps press; 

Her soul takes up their strong, exultant call, 
And knows the truth our hearts but dimly guess, 

How God's great purpose folds about us all. 
With- us, with them; unseen, yet near at hand; 

Not loving less for that sweet, heavenly birth, 
She has but joined the glad immortal baud 

Who do the Master's will in heaven or earth. 
Who knows what nobler errands of his grace 

In ways untried her eager hands fulfill? 
Or if her feet, with swift, unwearied pace, 

Tread the familiar paths before us still? 
When strength is small and courage almost fled 

It may be hers to whisper at our side: 
"O faint not! fear not! since the Master said, 

" All power is mine, and I with you abide.' " 

Beautiful thought ! Beautiful plea for an old-time 
custom, so often neglected and allowed to drop out 
of the home life. One does not wonder that parents 
find their children drifting toward the world, or that 
the influence of the home life is on the decrease, 
when one sees so much disregard of this, — the foun- 
dation stone of true Christian character. 

Love and reverence for God, and respect for his 
Word, learned in childhood at the family altar, are 
the lessons that remain through life, and the ones that 
influence life's actors most, holding them fast to the 
faith of their fathers where nothing else could. 

" I fear we made a mistake ! We paid too much 
attention to the culture of the intellect and not enough 
to the culture of the soul," cried an almost heart- 
broken mother, on hearing that her son had desert- 
ed the faith in which he was reared, and allied him- 
self with a prominent secret fraternity. 

All that abundant means could do had been 
lavished on him in the way of a secular education. 
He had been a Sunday-school student and a church 
attendant from childhood, but there had been no 
family altar. There had been none of that deep heart 
instruction, received only in childhood, in a home 
where Jesus' presence is ever seen and felt. 

Yes, it is fully worth while to observe this old 

custom. To the young man or the young woman it 

is an inspiration and source of strength that serves 

them better than any college education possibly could. 

Covington, Ohio. 

The sisters' mission circle met for special business 
Jan. 5, at 7 P. M.. with twelve members present. At this 
meeting we reorganized for another year's work. As 
a result of our work during the past year we are able 
to donate $10 to the Bicentennial Fund; $15 to the Brook- 
lyn church; $16 to support an orphan in India; $25 to 
a brother and sister; also $10 to another brother and 
sister. The needy of our own community have also been 
helped. Let us all go forward in this good work with 
a united effort; then the results will be greater. These 
meetings bring us in touch with each other and the feel- 
ings of good will and ties of love are strengthened. — 
Linda Griffith, Mcyersdale, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Our sewing circle was reorganized a little over a year 
ago with a membership of thirteen, and an average at- 
tendance of seven. A donation of $3.56 was made to 
the Old Folks' Home; $4.50 was given towards nursing 
sick at the Home, and last summer we bore the expense 
of getting the old people to the park for an outing, which 
they greatly enjoyed. We made and sold thirty aprons, 
thirteen sunbonncts, and many other garments, besides 
quilting a quilt and finishing several comforts. We re- 
ceived $35.65 for work done; expenses amounted to 
$28. S9, leaving a balance of $6.76 in the treasury. We 
started a church fund, and already have over five dollars. 
We look forward to the time when we will enjoy the com- 
forts of a new church at this place. Sister Diana New- 
house is our president, and the writer, secretary. — Ella 
Sellers, Fostoria, Ohio, Jan. 7. 


Our sisters' aid society lias finished the first year's 
work of the kind. We had a very small beginning. We 
have $25.15 to our account in the Savings Bank, and a 
number of articles are yet to be made. We aim to meet 
once a month, and are trying to help build a churclihouse 
the "King of Babylon heard that at this place. We thank our dear sisters of the Johnstown 

aid society for their remittance, to be applied on the cost 
of the new building.— Libbie Hollopetcr, Pentz, Pa., Jan. 4. 


King Hezekiah had been sick unto death, but the 
Lord heard his piteous prayer. He had compassion 
on his crying and healed him, adding fifteen years to 
his life. When 

Hezekiah had been sick, he sent messengers with 
presents. These Hezekiah received, and then took the 
messengers into his confidence, and showed them his 
house and all that had been gathered together by 
his fathers,— of treasures, rich and costly. 

To Hezekiah, after the departure of the messengers. 
came Isaiah, the prophet of Jehovah, asking sharply : 
"What did they see in thine house?" It was a re- 
buke, because Hezekiah, in receiving the messengers 
into his confidence, had practically made an alliance 
with a heathen power, contrary to the command of 

We have wondered what the thoughts were that 
these heathen guests carried away from this house. 
No doubt the fame of King Hezekiah's recovery and 
the power of Israel's mighty God had impressed them 
very much. Perhaps they had a longing to know 
more about this mighty God. With what a feeling 
of disappointment they must have viewed the things 
shown them. After all, they were only treasures rich 
and costly, gathered together by the hand of man. 

We wondered, too, if the prophet's reproving ques- 
tion could not be very appropriately fitted to many of 
the Christian homes of today. God places no re- 
striction upon receiving the heathen or any one else, 
into. our house today, but he does hold. us responsible 
for what they see and hear within that house. Many 
homes can show treasures rich and costly, wealth, 
and culture, and refinements, yet it is a sad fact that 
many of these same homes can sho\v no evidence that 
the Lord is a familiar dweller there. 

That this lack is quickly felt by those who come tary 
within its influences, is plainly shown by the follow- 
ing incident that recently came under our notice: 

A little girl spent some weeks with a girlhood friend 
of her mother. On her return the mother made in- 
quiries as to who composed the family. After nam- 
ing the different members, she said in a hushed rev- 
erent voice, " And Jesus was there 
how she knew he was, she replied, " Because they 
talked to him." 

Then she added, pleadingly, "Why can't we have 
him too? " Further inquiries revealed the fact that the 
child had received this impression from seeing the 
family gather at the family altar. 

Our sisters' aid society closed another year of pleas- 
ant work. We had $55.33 in the treasury, and, after pay- 
ing out $45,27, the amount of $10.06 remains. We gave 
$25.67 for a carpet for the Bellefontaine Mission church; 
gave two comforts to the Brethren Home at Fostoria, 
Ohio; sent a box of clothing to the Kansas City Mission; 
also did one day's sewing for a sister.— Ella M. Neer, 
Secretary, R. D. 1, Box 80, Bellefontaine, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

During the last six months, ending Dec. 31, the sisters' 
mission circle, of the Coon River church, held thirteen 
meetings with an average attendance of twelve. We 
pieced quilts, knotted comforts and made garments. 
We sent out 445 pieces of bedding and clothing; fifty- 
six yards of new material; eight pairs of shoes; eight 
pairs of overshoes; two barrels of canned fruit, and one 
barrel of apples. We received $43.35 and paid out $39.49, 
leaving in the treasury a balance of $3.86— Clara Barcus, 
Secretary, R. D. 2, Yale, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

During the past year our sisters' aid society met thirty- 
five times, with an average attendance of five. We make 
new garments, mend old ones, sew carpet rags, piece 
and quilt quilts, and knot comforts. Ten sacks of cloth- 
ing were sent to the Springfield Mission, and three sacks 
to the Kansas City Mission. The amount of $23.91 was 
collected during the year; expenses amounted to $21.15, 
leaving a balance of $2.76 in the treasury. Officers for 
the. ensuing year are: Sister Kate Hawbaker, president; 
Sister Mary Cripc, vice-president and the writer, 
and treasurer.— Luella Burton, Mansfield 
Jan. 10. *—. 



aid society in this congregation was reorgan 


The sisters' aid society of this congregation met at 
the home of Sister Lydia Haynes, Oct. 29, 1908, for re- 
organization, as follows: President, Sister Sarah Holman; 
treasurer, Sister Lydia Haynes; secretary, Sister Verda 
Haynes. We held seven meetings since last March, 
with an average attendance of eleven. The average col- 
lection.-was ninety-four cents, and total collection, $16.35. 
Resides a comfort, which we made, several pieces of 
clothing were donated and all were sent to the desti- 
tute in Kansas, Wo have $1179 in the treasury. Our 
work consists mostly in making quilts, comforts and 
aprons. We also respond to calls for sewing, charg- 
ing live cents per member present, besides the collec- 
tion, all of which goes to the society. We are glad for 
the work the various aid societies are doing. — Sarah 
Holman, Avilla, Ind., Dec. 30. 


18 we reorganized our sisters' aid society, with 

Martha KinzTc, superintendent; Sister Catherine 
Michael, president; Sister Hannah Wright, vice-president; 
Sister Maggie Shoemaker, secretary and treasurer. Dur- 
ing the past year eighteen meetings were held, with an 
average attendance of eighteen. We made 150 garments, 
eleven comforts, twelve quilts and twenty-five prayer 
coverings. Collections amounted to $29.13. We received 
$14.95 for articles sold, and $6.55 for work done. We 
began the year's work with $16.05 in the treasury, and 
paid out $27.44. We gave $16 for the support of an or- 
phan in India. The amount in the treasury now is $23.24. 
We donated 217 garments, three quilts, six comforts, 
twelve pairs of shoes and some papers to the Kansas 
City Mission. We also donated a day's work to the needy; 
two prayer coverings and a quilt to a dear sister. May 
we all do better work this year.— Maggie Shoemaker, R. 
D. 2, Pomona, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Dec. 26, 1907, with Sister Mary Beydler, president; Sis- 
ter Lucinda Metzler, vice-president; Sister Cora James, 
treasurer; the writer, secretary. During the year thir- 
teen meetings were held, with an average attendance of 
On being asked fourteen. Collections, amounting to $18.08, were taken. 
Amount in the treasury from last year, is $11.77; ex- 
penses for the year amounted to $7.98. We sent $5 to 
Muncie in January,' also $5 in November; $5 to Indian- 
apolis in November, also a box, valued at $26. Other ar- 
ticles were given out at home. The amount of $6.87 re- 
mains in the treasury.— Lillie Hufford, Rossville, Ind., 
Dec. 31. 


The sisters of the Rock Run church met Dec. 26, 1907, 
and organized their first aid society. Twelve regular 
meetings and one called meeting were held. The av- 
erage attendance for the year was seventeen. We made 
quilts, comforts and other garments. The total collec- 
tion for the year was $15.76. For the garments sold, 
we received $10,69, A box of goods was sent to the 
Kansas City Mission, amounting to $41.55; a donation 
in the way of chickens, amounting to $10, was sent to 
the St. Joseph Mission, for the Christmas dinner, making 
a total amount of $77.89. The amount of $22.92 was paid 
out for expenses, leaving a balance of $54.97 in the treas- 
ury, besides one comfort and quilt which we have on 
hand. We had our meetings of sunshine and good cheer, 
but also of sorrow, when one of our number, Sister Em- 
ma Cripe, president of the society, whose soul was in 
the work, was called from labor to reward. The so- 
ciety begs the cooperation of all those who are interested 
in charity work.— Mary A. Heetcr, Secretary, Goshen, 
Ind., Jan. 6. , » , 

•• There is so much in almost everyone's experience that 
is pleasant and ought to make one happy, that it would 
seem very hard to find one's self in any position where 
the bright spots do not far outnumber the dark ones. In 
other words, ' there is nothing so bad that it might not 
be worse,' and in every situation there 
thankful for than to grieve over." 

more to be 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

A Religious- Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 

16 to 24 South Sta;c Street, Elgin. Illinois 



Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A, Plate. 

Corresponding Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early Penn Laird. Va. 

Grant Mahan Omaja. Cuba. 

Business Manager, R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee, 

Chas. M. Yearout, Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

tff-All businL-sannrt rojimuiili'uiii-.Tis In I cud.. 1 f.>r l-in ■ ].n,.. r .slu.uld In.' n<jilrcs.s-.-d 
to tho BRETHREN PI lU.ISIIiNU HUl'SE, HlJ.ilN, ILL., and not to any Indi- 
vid nnl connected with it- 

Entered BtttaoPostofOco at Elgin, 111., ns Second-plusa Mutter. 

The Brethren at Anderson, Ind., closed a revival 
with fourteen accessions to the church. 

Some revival services were held in the Pleasant 
Hill congregation, Term., and five applied for mem- 

B~ro. J. Edson Ulery is booked for a ten-day Bible 
term in the Auditorium at Middlebury, Ind., begin- 
ning Feb. 28. 

Bro. John C. Zug, of Elizabethtown, Pa., is booked 
for a series of meetings at Mechanicsburg, Pa., be- 
ginning Feb. 13. 

In the Springfield church, Pa., there are said to be 
twelve applicants awaiting baptism, one having just 
recently received the rite. 

The special Bible term of Botetourt Normal, Dale- 
ville, Va., begins Feb. 15 and continues two weeks. 
The program will appear next week. 

Bro. Manly Deeter held a revival in the Union 
Center congregation, Ind., and eighteen were added 
to the church by confession and baptism. 

Bro. D. F. Sink closed his evangelistic labors £t 
the St. Joseph Mission, Mo., with twenty-five baptized, 
eight restored to fellowship and four awaiting bap- 

Bro. Chas. M. Yearout is engaged in a revival in 
the Rocky Ford church, Colo., and writes us that he is 
having some interesting meetings. He is likely to 
continue another week. 

Bro. H. B. Brumbaugh's editorial this week, en- 
titled, " Under the Juniper Tree," reads very much 
like a sure cure for the blues. The remedy costs 
nothing and it will hurt no one to try it. 

The Brethren at Mt. Etna, Iowa, say that the Lord 
has been helping them recently. They are in the 
midst of a revival, conducted by Bro. C. S. Garber, 
and eleven have signified their purpose to walk in 
the Lord's way, 

Under date of Jan.. 15, Bro. Andrew Hutchison 
writes us from East Berlin, Pa., saying: " This is my 
birthday. I am seventy-three years old." He is still 
preaching, though by no means strong. During the 
winter months it is necessary for him to receive the 
very best of care in order to keep going. 

Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, believes in giv- 
ing invitations at the close of the regular services. 
He mentions two invitations, recently, and says that 
five came forward and are now members of the 
church. In all probability, at most of our churches, 
the invitation is not extended as often as it should be. 

Some of the congregations, as well as a number of 
individuals, are making a fine use of the Messenger 
in the interest of mission work. On the fifty-cent 
proposition the paper is sent into families where there 
are no members ; week after week it goes on telling its 
gospel story, and the results cannot be otherwise than 
far-reaching for good. 

We are just in receipt of the minutes of the district 
meeting of Northeastern Ohio, and notice that Bro. 
Noah Longanecker is to represent the district on the 
coming Standing Committee. We discover no papers 
intended for the Annual Meeting. 

A number of our readers, in their communications 
to this office, are expressing their high appreciation 
of Bro. L. W. Teeter's late article on the " Sunday- 
School Lesson-Text Question." Bro. J. L. Switzer, 
of Joplin, Mo., says that he hopes we will at least 
accord him the privilege of saying, " A loud Amen ! 
Amen ! " 

Bro. S. C. Miller, of Chicago, called at the Mes- 
senger sanctum. He has prepared a very instructive 
chart on trine immersion traced to the apostolic age, 
which he thinks of having published. He is known 
to some of our readers as the author of a very good 
illustrated chart on the Lord's Supper and the Jewish 

Passover. . 

One of our correspondents has a good many things 
to thank the Lord for. He is even thankful for the 
wastebasket in the Messenger sanctum. Accompany- 
ing a well-prepared article, which will appear on the 
Round Table next week, he says : " If this is print- 
able, it may strengthen some one's trust; if not, it 
will do no harm in the wastebasket. I have had oc- 
casion to be thankful that there is such a thing as a 

Some think that the Messenger, while opposing 
the saloon, should not say much about brethren vot- 
ing on the question. They think that to vote or not to 
vote, should be left to the conscience. But it so hap- 
pens that the Messenger believes in brethren voting 
in support of the temperance cause when politics can 
be eliminated, and out of the abundance of the heart 
we speak. We do not argue the question of voting, 
we simpjy state our convictions when the saloon is the 

The church at Seattle, Washington, was dedicated 
Jan. 3, making the first house of the Brethren in that 
part of the State. We are looking forward to the time 
when we are to have a large and flourishing church in 
Seattle. This city is the gateway to the mission fields 
in China, and will be the stopping place for our 
missionaries both going and coming. The house 
is small, suited mainly for present needs, and it may 
not be many years until a larger building will be re- 

Bro. L. W. Teeter has this to say of the prayer 
meeting subjects and outlines published in the Mes- 
senger from -week to week: "I heartily approve 
of it. I believe in whole New Testament text-study. 
I think a consecutive arrangement of the text and 
subjects has advantages, especially in this, — the study 
of the preceding prepares the way to, and creates a 
desire for, the next subject, and thus it becomes more 
interesting and edifying as well, which is really the 
purpose of the prayer meeting service." 

Bro. Landon West, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, well 
known to many of our readers, has not been in good 
health for some years, and though quite weak at this 
time, and unable to leave his home, he seems to be 
hopeful and cheerful, Reeling that he may yet regain 
his health. He writes us quite frequently, and al- 
ways has something to say on religious questions. 
He is deeply interested in the welfare of the colored 
people, and wishes that he could still preach the 
Gospel to them as he did in the years gone by. 

It looks as though Ohio will soon become a temper- 
ance State, out and out. Out of the eighty-eight 
counties in, the State, sixty-two have already voted 
dry, and eight others will likely go the same way. 
County after county in Indiana is also voting dry, and 
inside of a few years only a few counties will con- 
tinue to tolerate the saloon. Wabash County, in 
which Manchester College is located, went solid 
against the liquor traffic. With as-many members as 
we have in that county, it ought to be impossible for 
it to go any other way. When it comes to a con- 
flict with the saloon, our people know how to stand 
by their guns. 

The name of Bro. John H. Utz, R. D. 2, Taney- 
town, Md., was, in some way, dropped from the min- 
isterial list after the list was in type and proof-read, 
and the mistake was not noticed by us until our atten- 
tion was called to it, a few days ago. We can hardly 
understand how such a mistake could occur, but it 
did happen in this instance. Let those wishing to 
have the list complete, turn to page 51, in our late 
Almanac, and enter the name where it belongs. 
Should there be other mistakes, we would like to be 
apprised of them. 

This week a sample copy of the Inglenook is being 
sent to all our patrons who are not readers of that 
periodical. We ask you to give it a careful reading 
and compare its contents, as to quality, with those of 
other magazines with which you are acquainted. The 
Inglenook aims not only to give its readers interest- 
ing and valuable reading matter on world-wide sub- 
jects, but it endeavors to guard carefully their moral 
welfare. We urge you to prove its value in these 
respects by sending in a year's subscription. All it 
asks is a fair trial. 

Bro. Nicholas Martin, a well-known elder resid- 
ing in the vicinity of Hagerstown, Md., after a brief 
illness, died Jan. 6. being, at the time of his death, 
eighty-one years old. He is reported to have been a 
very efficient and devout elder, and presided over the 
Broadfording-Welsh Run congregation with such 
fatherly care and faithfulness as to make of it one 
of the most loyal congregations in the State. It is 
said that twenty-one ministers were present at his fu- 
neral, arid that he was followed to his resting place 
by a very large concourse of deeply-affected people. 

From the Harrisonburg Daily News we learn that 
Bro. J. W. Wayland, one of our interesting and in- 
structive correspondents, has been elected to. the chair 
of History in the State Normal School. Of Bro. 
Wayland as a man and a scholar the Nezvs has this to 
say: " Dr. Wayland, who was offered the chair of 
History, is a native of Shenandoah County. He was 
educated in part at Bridgewater College, and later, 
at the University of Virginia, made an exceptional' 
record for scholarship. He has taken practically 
every prize offered at the University and is at this 
■time connected with its History Department as an 
instructor. He is thirty-six years old and is regarded 
as one of the most talented men in Virginia." 

In a communication to this office Bro. C. S-. Garber 
says, that, during the year 1908, he held' thirteen 
meetings, delivered 335 sermons and had the pleasure 
of seeing 302 souls enter the church. His entire time 
has been devoted to the ministry, and where he labored 
the members ministered to his necessities, and yet' he 
would have fallen $160 short of meeting the expenses 
of himself and family, had not a few open-hearted 
persons, who heard of the situation, made up the de- 
ficiency. Possibly his experience, in this respect, is 
measurably the experience of other evangelists, who 
devote their time and energy to revival work. There 
are very few of them who have anything left over 
at the end of the year. The support of our evangelists 
has never been considered with sufficient care. " 

What is known as "An Ancient Prayer," written 
on a postal card, and sent to some Christian friends, 
is still on the go. Each one receiving a card, con- 
taining the short prayer, is asked to send it to nine 
others, and not break the chain. The chain business, 
with this prayer, has been going on for several years, 
and we have broken several chains, for we make it a 
rule never to fall in with this # kind of superstition. 
It has been said that -the postal cards used in sending 
this prayer have cost the people of this country a half 
million dollars. Millions of cards have been used, 
to say nothing of the thousands of letters that have 
been written. We have exposed the scheme several 
times and scores of other papers have done the 
same, yet people go right on spending their money 
for that 'which helps no one. Instead of spending 
money for cards, to he used in this way, let those re- 
ceiving the prayer drop into their mission box the 
money that the cards would cost, and in that way 
some good may be accomplished. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 


This week we are publishing ten reports for sisters' 
aid societies, and have several left over for next week. 
These reports show that our sisters are not idle. We 
believe, however, that it would prove helpful to them 
if some suggestions were published regarding" the 
best methods of carrying on work by the aid societies. 
Our sisters have a great, open field before them, and 
the best ways of reaching out, and doing the most 
good ought to be carefully considered. We shall be 
pleased to hear from some of our sisters on this sub- 
ject, especially from those who have had some ex- 
perience in the lines of work that our sisters may 
readily take hold of. 


Bro. Jones is a baptized member of the church, at- 
tends the regular meetings and pays his financial dues, 
but his religion don't seem to make him happy. He is 
out of cog with life's machinery and spends much of 
his time sitting under the juniper tree, leaning his head 
on his hands, propped upon his knees. Though the sun 
shines, the birds sing, the soft breezes gently blow, and 
the grass and the beautiful flowers grow and bloom at 
his feet, they strike no chord in his heart, and develop 
no feelings of joy and gladness in his soul. 

Jezebel, in some form or other, has made a threat 
that has touched his inner life, and taken out of it 
all of its normal sweetness, and overshadowed him 
with dark clouds. Wherever he goes, the cloud fol- 
lows, and a look of sadness spreads over his face, tak- 
ing from it that attractiveness that the sunshine of a 
happy life always shows and gives. 

The other Lord's Day morning the sun shone out 
brightly and all nature seemed gladsome. Bro. Jones, 
as usual, went to church, and, as the different brethren 
came up to him with their friendly greetings, they 
would say, " Good morning, Bro. Jones. This is a 
pleasant day, and how are you?" "Yes, the day is 
pretty enough, but it is oiily a pet. The snow is all 
melted and leaves the late sowed wheat -bare, so that 
what little did come up, will freeze out, and for the 
coming summer, I fear, we will have a poor harvest. 
And should it freeze up before the ground is soaked, 
water will be so scarce that there will be much suf- 
fering for stock. No, I am not feeling good. Indeed, 
I am not at all well, and things all around are very 
discouraging. I don't think I'll live long." 

Most of the worshipers had caught the warmth of 
the sunbeams into their hearts and the spirit of cheer- 
fulness. But Bro. Jones, even at church, sat under the 
shade of the juniper tree, and nursed his fears that 
something was going to happen. 

Once, a little girl in the Sunday-school class said: 
" Teacher, what was wrong with Elijah when he sat 
under the juniper tree?" She had been told about 
Elijah, how he bantered the four hundred and fifty 
priests of Baal at the test altar, how they failed to 
have the fire come down and consume their sacrifice, 
how Elijah succeeded and then slew them all, and how, 
at his asking, the rain came. The question in I he 
child's mind was, "Why, after all this, was Elijah 
afraid of the threats of this woman Jezebel, and why 
should he be sitting under the juniper tree, all out of 

Do you suppose that the teacher could explain and 
give a satisfactory answer? The reason why Elijah 
was found under the juniper tree is not hard to find. 
He simply forgot himself. He became selfishly human, 
at the threats of Jezebel. For the time being he saw 
no help outside of his own wisdom and strength, and 
in that he saw no escape from her anger, but to take 
to his heels-. How fast he ran, and how far, the nar- 
rative does not say. But he fled as one possessed. 
He fled when no one pursued. He was excited, dis- 
couraged and affrighted without a cause. He simply 
left God out of his life at the time he needed him 
most. Like Bro. Jones, he was enveloped in a dark 
cloud of his own making. 

As the little girl asked, " What was the matter with 
Elijah? " so you may ask, "What was the matter with 
Bro. Jones," and with his brethren and sisters, to be 
found all over the world? — because his is not an iso- 
lated case. You meet such men and women almost 
everywhere. They have taken a seat under the juniper 
tree ; they are listening for the footsteps of the cohorts 

of Jezebel. They have put on their blue glasses and 
through them see everything tinged with blue. Even 
the bright sunshine looks blue and dingy. The out- 
ward look is blue, the inward look is blue, the look- 
everywhere is blue. What is the trouble? Why the 
downcast look, the sad expression and the soul bitter- 
ness ? " Well," some say, " we have people born this 
way ; they get it from their parents as a physical herit- 
age." Others say it comes from disordered livers, an 
inactive stomach, chronic dyspepsia, bad blood, and, 
unfortunately, when we get under the juniper tree, 
we are in a good state of mind to believe that we 
are subjects of about all the ills that human kind are 
heir to. 

Now, if this is so, if these things come to us as 
family inheritances, or if they come to us independent 
of our own volition, without our own choosing, who is 
responsible? Suppose we eliminate the " if " and exon- 
erate our parents of the charge of such an undesirable 
heritage, and take the, position that we bring upon 
ourselves these ills that take us out of the sunshine of 
life into its shades, who then shall be the responsible 
party? Adam said, I didn't take the apple. The wom- 
an that thou gavest me, she took the apple and gave 
it to me, and all I did was, I ate it. That is all I did. 
And, do you know, the Adams have been harping on 
the mistakes of the Eves ever since? 

Who does the cooking, makes the cookies, the pan- 
cakes, the plum puddings, the mince pies, and a hun- 
dred and one other good things that we might name? 
The Eves. They do it, then take it to the Adams, 
and what do they do? They eat these good things; 
of course they do, — that's all. • What else could be ex- 
pected? Are they not the weaker vessels? Sure! Then 
follow disordered livers, dyspepsia, headaches, pains in 
the stomach, rheumatism, etc. Look out under the 
juniper trees. Who are there? The men who ate 
what the Eves gave them. A sad crowd indeed. As 
you think of them you are reminded of the crowd that 
went out to David at the cave of Aduliam. 

But who is to blame for all this trouble and misery? 
The women, of course, because they make all these 
things and give them to the men. But why do the 
women make- such things? Because the men want 
them. And again, Why do the men cat such things, 
knowing that so much misery is to follow ? Because 
they are the weaker vessels. Would it not be well, 
in some cases, to reverse the recommendation of Paul 
and veil some of our men as a sign of power? There 
is something needed to show that they have power to 
take care of themselves, and let the women alone. 

But, after all, where is the trouble that so many of 
our otherwise good people are so continually sitting 
under the juniper tree? Or, in other words, is it pos- 
sible for a man, whose soul is filled with the love of 
God, whose feet are solidly fixed on the solid rock of 
God's Word, who believes that all things work to- 
gether for good to those who love Jesus, and whose 
very present help in time of need is God, we say, Is 
it possible for such people always to be abiding under 
the shade of the juniper tree, fearing eternally that 
something dreadful is going to happen to themselves, 
their children, or that the church is going to ruin? 
No, the religion of Jesus Christ, has been the light of 
the world and the sunshine of all trusting hearts, from 
the day when the angel of the Lord said to the watch- 
ing shepherds, " Behold, I bring good tidings of great 
joy which shall be to all people," and when a " multi- 
tude of the heavenly host was praising God, and say- 
ing, Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace, 
good will toward men,"— down through the ages to the 
present. Even those who are afflicted with torpid 
livers and abnormal stomachs may have an inward 
joy and a sweetened life that will lift them above 
human frailties and the lash of physical scourging*. 
It is only when we lose our grip with God. take our 
hand out of his hand and measure our human strength 
with human strength that we become growlers, cow- 
ards, and take to our heels for the juniper trees, there 
to lie down to sleep our fear and misery away. 

What all such need is the touch of the angel to 
awaken them from their sleep, and to point them to 
the loving Christ who has promised to be with those 
who are his always, even unto the end of the world. 

In Two Parts. — Part Two. 
It is clear, as already shown, that our schools must 
be maintained and kept going; for the church workers 
must be educated and trained under the church's in- 
fluence, in order to the highest success. Look, then, 
at some of the problems in the way. 

The greatest question of the hour is a closer rela- 
tion between the church and the schools. The condi- 
tions of dependence between the two imperatively de- 
mand the closest relations. On the one hand, the 
schools are the church's most powerful instrument in 
working out her mission, and, on the other hand, the 
schools' resources are in the church. The church 
cannot succeed well without the schools, and the 
schools cannot run without the support of the church. 
Each is essential to the highest success of the other. 
Obviously, each should labor lo the highest interest 
of the other, and the closest relations and the greatest 
confidence should exist between the two. Love and 
confidence will make each helpful to the other in the 
greatest possible degree. 

The schools should he (rue to the principles, doc- 
trines and mission of the church. These should be 
faithfully taught and practiced in the schools. The 
teachers and managers should be personal examples of 
what the church holds sacred, ami each school should 
have, as its ultimate aim, the advancement of the 
church's interest. The church interests should be 
held even above the school interests. Nothing should 
be countenanced in die schools that reflects unfavor- 
ably upon the church and her councils. If corrections 
are needed in the church work, now and (hen, — and no 
one would say they are not, — there is an honorable 
way provided to do that, without reflections and insin- 

The church should give the schools her full moral 
and material support. As a parent receives and pro- 
tects and provides for a child, so the church should 
.stand for the schools. Her strength in all things good 
should be freely extended to the schools, and their in- 
terests should be jealously guarded and directed. 

The Brethren's children should, of course, be edu- 
cated in our own schools. The fact that it costs more 
than it docs in some other schools does not count. Our 
schools cannot be expected to compete in price with 
the schools heavily endowed and those supported by 
the State. And it is not a question of dollars and 
cents, as to where our children shall go to school. 
Moral and spiritual interests should be considered first; 
other things second; for it is almost a crime against 
a child to jeopardize its highest interest by placing it 
amid unhealthy influences for the sake of a few dol- 
lars. It is too bad that some of the Brethren do send 
their children to other schools, taking the risk, and 
neglecting their duty to our own schools. 

In addition to supporting the schools with the pat- 
ronage of the children, the church should understand 
that it is her duty (o give to them. No school can 
make its own way and grow into much strength. The 
big, established schools of our country, if they had to 
support themselves, would be forced to close their 
doors. If Ihese schools, with their excellent equip- 
ment, cannot run without endowment and appropria- 
tions, how do you expect the little church school to 
live and grow by its own hand? There is the con- 
stant need of better equipment, stronger teaching force, 
etc. These things require money, and where is it to 
come from? 

The kind of school answers the question. Its a 
church school, and therefore; the money will have to 
be furnished bv the people of the church. And this is 
right ; it is as it should be. The schools are for the 
church's benefit, and, of course, the burden of sup- 
port should rest here. We can no more expect other 
people to give to our schools than we are disposed to 
give to theirs. 

All our schools should be well endowed. I here is 
sufficient means in the Brotherhood to do it, if schools 
are not unnecessarily multiplied, and it can be secured 
if the schools faithfully support the church's interests. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 

Want of faithfulness, in this respect, alienates interest 
and support. There are many brethren with means 
and without immediate heirs, that want to set apart a 
portion of their holdings to the schools. They believe 
this to be the best use to be made of their money. 
Besides, those having families, and many of them large 
families, have imbibed the teaching that they are but 
stewards over the Lord's goods, and they will give. 
They would be very unhappy not to give. This teach- 
ing should be wisely continued, good judgment should 
be exercised in soliciting, and all the schools can be 

There are some, — and not a few, — who think that 
the schools, after they get a fair start, should cease 
soliciting, that their wants are al! supplied and for all 
time. Not so. In school-Hfe, as in everything else, 
there are constant and growing needs. Life is a grow- 
ing principle everywhere and in everything, with needs 
corresponding to the stage of its growth. Look around 
you and see examples wherever your eyes fall. There 
is no such thing as getting supplied "and fixed. To- 
morrow brings new needs. The fact that the schools 
are constantly crying for help, is the best evidence 
that they are alive and growing. This cry will cease 
only when they are dead and buried, and the funeral 
expenses paid. Would you like that? Then don't ex- 
pect the cry for help to cease. 

The financial interests of the schools involve, it 
seems to me, the question of church ownership of the 
school properties. I don't believe that the proper con- 
ditions will ever be fully realized until this is done. 
There may be local conditions, in a few cases, that 
would seem to make it impracticable, but I believe that 
even these can be managed if only the highest interest 
of the church is held in view. 

Without the church really owning the schools, she 
can never fully realize the responsibility of successful 
management, on the one hand ; nor can she rightfully - 
exercise controlling authority, on the other. Both are 
highly essential. In the very nature of things, it is 
impossible to understand the burden and meaning of 
managing an interest without being responsible for re- 
sults. And it is not right for one to interfere in the 
management of another's business without responsi- 
bility for results. This is the situation exactly with 
the church and schools, where the school properties 
are owned by individuals. And church management 
in such cases cannot, and should not, go very far. 
Only when the full burden of responsibility rests with 
the church, can she direct and control. 

Then, too, there is no reason why individuals should 
bear the burdens of a church enterprise. In the merit 
of the question, the schools are purely a church enter- 
prise. They are really a part of the church apparatus ; 
they are very essential to the success and welfare of 
the church. The fact is, the church cannot do without 
them. Then the church should take the whole matter 
in hand, with the burden and responsibility of full con- 
trol and management. There is where these things 

The several schools, the Educational Board, and all 
the forces at work in the church's educational field, 
should labor to generate sentiment in favor of the 
church ownership of the. schools. This proposition 
lies at the very base of church control, and when 
this question is worked out, it will be one long step 
in the right direction, and the solution of a number of 
questions. h c e 

as to apply to the members of that particular district 
only, and not to the general Brotherhood. This does 
not apply to calls for clothing, and other things, 
needed among the poor in city mission work, but it 
does apply to calls for money. 

Our attention has -been repeatedly called to the way 
general appeals for money are made through the 
Messenger, and through letters sent almost broad- 
cast over the Brotherhood. Of course we have no 
control over the calls made through letters, but we 
suggest that no calls of this kind be recognized unless 
fully endorsed by the District Mission Board having 
charge of the territory in which the money is to be 
used. But as for the general calls though the Mes- 
senger, for local mission work, we shall endeavor 
to run our pencil through all such calls. The mis- 
sions can report their news, speak of their needs, so 
far as clothing and othgr supplies are concerned, 
but should not call for money. If money is needed, 
let the missions make their j,wants known to their 
respective Mission Boards. If the District Boards 
cannot furnish the rnoney required, they can confer 
with the General Mission Board. 

Then we suggest another thing. We have men- 
tioned it before: Let the District Boards require a 
report of the receipts and expenditures of money at 
each mission point, with the understanding that these 
reports, in a condensed form, be published in the Mes- 
senger at the end of each fiscal year. Do this; then 
we will know how much money we are using at the 
different points. It might open the eyes of some of 
our patrons, could they see how much money has 
been required to carry* on the work in some cities. 
Then, on the other haryl, it would be surprising to 
learn how little is actually employed at some of our 
mission points. The suggestions we make in this 
article are not only reasonable, but they are in keep- 
ing with the approved methods of doing business in 
the Brotherhood. 

be taught, and keep up the standard of the church, 
we must see to it that this detrimental, sensational 
preaching is not only discouraged, but not even al- 
lowed among us. 

For carrying on work at a number of mission points 
there is a good deal of calling for money through the 
Messenger. We cut out a number of these calls, 
but still there are not a few left. Just how much 
money is sent in response' to these calls, no one knows. 
It runs up to thousands of dollars each year, and no 
report is made of the same— not that the workers 
are unwilling to report, but there seems to be no ojie 
■ to^ receive and pass on such reports. All of these 
missions, calling for money, are in State Districts 
presided over by District Mission Boards, and we 
should think that all such calls should be endorsed 
by the board having charge of the work in the dis- 
trict where the mission, making the call, is located. 
Then the call, when published, should be so worded 

For a revival meeting, as well as for a series of dis- 
courses, it may be well and proper to announce, by 
posters or otherwise, the subjects to be treated at the 
different meetings, but these subjects should be an- 
nounced in keeping with the religious principles rep- 
resented. All efforts at imitating the sensational meth- 
ods adopted by the theaters, and other worldly gath- 
erings, should be scrupulously avoided. The New 
Testament religion is a sensible religion, and only that 
which appeals to good sense and taste should be en- 
couraged in printed or oral announcements. The evan- 
gelist, who announces sensational subjects, in a sensa- 
tional way, does that which fails to appeal to sensible 
and spiritually-minded men and women. There may 
be those in the community who will smile at the way 
such announcements are put, and even go out of curi- 
osity to hear what the speaker has to say, but, in the 
estimation of the better class of people, the cause of 
Christ always loses. The preacher who publishes sen- 
sational subjects on which to discourse, and then 
preaches sensational sermons, may draw large crowds, 
and even increase the membership, but he invariably 
lowers the church in the community where he does 
his work. When he returns home he may leave more 
members in the church than he found when he began 
his revival, but he leaves on the hands of the local 
pastor the very difficult task of raising the church 
to its former standing in the community. 

Among some of the denominations this sensational 
method of evangelizing is becoming quite common, 
and, judging from some of the circulars and other 
printed announcements coming to our desk, it would 
appear that a few of our ministers are adopting the 
same methods, much to the regret of the more devout 
members among us. He who reads the New Testa- 
ment will find nothing sensational in the preaching of 
Christ or any of his early followers. With the apostles 
and others of the first century, the saving of souls was 
regarded as a serious matter, and the preaching done 
was in keeping with the spirit of the religion taught 
by the Master. Not only so, but this sensible and 
earnest preaching produced much greater and more 
lasting results than the sensational preaching of the 
day. If we mean to teach the people as they should 

We understand that, on account of a lack of min- 
isters, there are, in Southeastern Missouri, three un- 
occupied meetinghouses, with a sufficient number of 
members near by to hold services. These members are 
left without a shepherd, and, to a great extent, the 
cause must be neglected in this part of the Lord's vine- 
yard. It is unfortunate that regular services cannot 
be held in these houses, as well as in other unoccupied 
houses, in different parts of the Brotherhood. It is 
not because we do not have enough ministers, for we 
have at least three ministers for every house of wor- 
ship, belonging to the Fraternity, but it is because our 
ministerial force is not properly distributed. What 
is the remedy for a neglected church ? There are three 
remedies. One is to select a minister from the mem- 
bers remaining in the community. He may not be a 
brilliant man, but he may be faithful, and will cheer- 
fully do what he can, to feed and care for the flock, 
A shepherd of only ordinary attainments is far better 
than no shepherd at all. A second remedy is for the 
District Mission Board to secure the services of an 
efficient evangelist to take charge of a few isolated 
points and build up the cause again. A third, and the 
plan is a good one, is for a minister of some means to 
move into a neglected locality and look after the in- 
terest of the Master's flock. This, of course, would 
mean some sacrifice on the part of the minister, but 
no more than was endured by the pioneer fathers who 
built up, from little, isolated groups of members, the 
strong churches now found in most parts of the 
Brotherhood. _ ____ ^___ 


If, in a congregation, there are two ministers jealous 
of each other, why not the members get their heads 
together and decide that these two preachers must stay 
out of the pulpit until they are able to show, by their 
conversation and conduct, that they love one another 
fervently. The very worst thing that can happen to a 
church is for two of the home ministers to get jealous 
of each other, and go to talking about one another. 
It generally means the death of the church in their 
community, and if they do not know it, and will not 
adjust themselves accordingly, for the good of the 
cause they represent, the case should be taken into 
hand by the church. Two ministers may be so con- 
stituted that they do not work pleasantly together, 
hence the danger of trouble between them, but if they 
are wise they will not permit any trouble between them 
to reach the danger point. Lfke Abraham and Lot, 
they will separate and seek separate fields of labor. 
Every now and then we hear of a congregation wdiere 
the cause is suffering because of jealousy between a 
couple of preachers. It is painful to know that such a 
condition should exist in a community where the united 
effort of all the members is a matter of so much im- 
portance. _ ^^_^^^__ 

What would be thought of the shepherd who would 
leave his own flock unprovided for and go up the lane 
a half mile and help his neighbor look after his well- 
fed flock? He would be censured by every right- 
minded person in the community. Well, how about 
ministers neglecting the flocks over which the Holy 
Ghost has made them overseers, while they give at- 
tention to other flocks that have every need supplied ? 
Are they to be censured? We hear of shepherds who 
do this very thing. They go to other fields where 
there are plenty of ministers and leave their home 
flocks to suffer for the want of the Bread of Life. It 
is said that charity begins at home. Why should not 
faithfulness begin there also? If a shepherd does not 
faithfully care for the few sheep and lambs of the 
Master in his own neighborhood, we are wondering if 
the Chief Shepherd will want to trust him with a 
larger flock? He who is faithful over a few things is 
the one who has the promise of promotion. The 
Lord wants shepherds who will take as much interest 
in a small flock as they would take in a large one. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909 




D. I.. MUIer, Chairman, Mt. Morris. 111. 

H. C. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird, Va. 

x.. W. Teeter, Hagerstown, Ind. 

Chan. D. Bonsack, Washington, D. C. 

J. J. Yoder, Conway, Kans. 

General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

One Way of Settling Church Troubles. 
A good elder was once approached by a brother who 
wished to tell him of the wrongdoing of a weak brother 
in the church. The elder turned to him and asked, 
"Does anybody else know this but you?" "No, sir," 
was the answer. "Have you told it to anybody else?" 
Again the answer was, "No." "Then," said the good 
man, "go home and hide it away at the feet of Jesus, 
and never speak of it again until God clearly shows you 
how to speak to the man himself. If Satan is bound to 
bring scandal upon the church, let him do it, but don't 
you be his instrument." There is good common sense, 
as well as gospel authority, in settling troubles by this 
method. "Gain thy brother," — that is the great aim and 
object of the trite child of God. 

Save the Boys. 
It is claimed that wrong methods in handling boys in 
the Sunday school are responsible for the fact that many 
young men stay away from church altogether. It is said 
that there are 13,000,000 women in the Protestant churches 
of the United States, while there are only a few millions 
of men. It is an admitted fact that, in some way, the 
church is not reaching the young men. As already 
stated, perhaps there is a lack in the Sunday school, for 
at the most impressionable period of his life the boy is 
often lost to the Sunday school, when, by tact and spirit- 
ual power, he should be won for Christ and the church. 
We must, in some way, get a better grip on the boys, — 
win them by "the love that never faileth." By all means, 
take good care of the boys and train them to be useful 
workers in the church. 

■ Living as Jesus Would. 

About 10,000 persons at Cleveland, .Ohio, recently prom- 
ised to try to " live as Jesus would," for two weeks or 
more. They pledged themselves to gauge ail their actions 
by the standard laid down by Christ. Now, while it is 
altogether likely that many of these will fail in their en- 
deavor, yet it is commendable to make an effort, a,t least, 
to draw nearer to him. Modern environments and .hu- 
man limitations of body, mind and powers are, perhaps, 
not conducive to " living as Jesus would " unless we de- 
termine to overcome all these, and live a life of conse- 
cration. To strive with unabating zeal for the highest and 
finest in life, will eventually bring about improvement, 
self-betterment and higher ideals. Such an endeavor is 
always worth while. It will pay in its direct and indirect 
results, however often it may have to be repeated, and 
quite regardless of the shortcomings, so painfully appar- 
ent from time to time. 

Missions and Athletics. 
A Loudon pastor, who is much given to golf-playing, 
recently made the frank admission that the people of 
Great Britain spend on "golf balls alone," — besides the 
keeping up of links, etc., at great expense, — "as much 
as they do upon foreign missions." Think of it, — more 
for golf balls than gospel blessings! But are we, in 
the United States, more consistent than our English 
friends? We are assured that the cost of athletics,-- 
including football, baseball, etc., — is TEN times more 
than we spend for foreign missions. In other words, 
we value health of body ten times more than we do 
health of soul. While it is all right to take proper care 
of pur bodies, remembering that they are temples of the 
Holy Ghost, it is manifestly improper to spend as much 
as we do along that line. Wise stewardship does not 
permit the neglect of the highest spiritual interests, in 
order to gratify a love of pleasure and recreation. 

How Missionaries Help the Government. 
In a recent address before the ministers of Augusta, 
Ga., President-elect Taft spoke forcibly of his experi- 
ence in the Philippines, of the work that has been at- 
tempted in the way of secular education, etc. In eloquent 
language he referred to the fact that all these efforts 
are of no avail unless persistently aided and supported 
by missionary activity. He said further: "It is by look- 
ing at the marvelous results of missionary efforts that 
we are made to realize the immense importance of main- 
taining the church and its influences at all hazards. We 
need it at home, but we need it as much,— and more,— 
in our island possessions." Missionaries, evidently, have 
a warm friend in our future President, and he has not 
been slow to place himself on record. Too often men 
in the higher walks of life take no interest whatever 
in religious work, often speaking of it disparagingly. An 
example in the right direction is, therefore, all the more 
encouraging and commendable. 

What the Church Owes to Missions. 

There have been times when an especially strong man 
offered himself for the foreign mission field, but no soon- 
er had he made known his decision, until there were 
strong objections. The cry went out: "We need you 
at home." Is it really a lawful objection? Is it the Lord's 
plan that the church should seek to keep .her best men 
and women to build up the work at home? In the apos- 
tolic times that resolve would have kept Paul and Bar- 
nabas at Antioch. It would have kept Livingstone, Mot- 
fat, Carey and Hudson Taylor at home. Let us get rid 
of the selfish idea that the best talent must stay at home. 
In fact, the very best wc have is none too good, for the 
great mission field of the world. About the best thing 
that could happen to the Church of the Brethren would be 
the voluntary offer of at least a fourth of our younger 
ministers, to go at the disposal of the General Mission 
Board, wherever it may be deemed best. According 
to Paul we are all debtors to the great world need. Will 
we continue to be debtors without making due effort to 
discharge the great obligation?" Can we afford to be in- 

How They Receive It. 

It has been a matter of some interest to me to notice 
the general interest our people are taking in Bible study. 
When I got to Bethany, and saw how the doctrines of 
the Gospel were driven home, — how necessary it be- 
came for us to either change our lives for the better, 
or live in conscious disobedience, I wondered how the 
churches would receive such teaching. I am glad to re- 
port from one church, — Cedar Rapids. 

Of course I could not give the work here as it is given 
at Bethany, but I gave about forty lessons in Cedar Rap- 
ids during the time I was there as thoroughly as I could. 
I aimed for each lesson to reach the conscience and quick- 
en the spiritual life of the class, and I drove them, in as 
hard as I could. If they had not been of the right dis- 
position, these people would have either ignored the 
teaching, or opposed it. But you ought to have seen 
them drink it in, — just like thirsty ground! It just docs 
a man good to see such a response to the Word. 

Now, this is a city church, too. You need not tell me 
that the church is lost when I see such things. May 
God bless the people who love his Word! 

Chicago, 111. Paul Mohler, 

Giving for Mission Work. 

We often hear our people say that they believe in mis-' 
sions, and would be willing to give of their means for 
the spread of the Gospel, if the mission boards would 
always use the money to the best advantage, — where it 
will do the most good. These would-be critics think that 
the funds are not always used where they themselves 
think they should be used. 

I wonder how many of our best business men they 
could find who have not, at some time, made a mistake 
in their investments,— who would afterwards see that 
their venture was not a profitable one. These same crit- 
ics can look back over their own lives and see that their 
own investments did not always prove as satisfactory 
as they expected. Do they cease investing be cause of 
this? Their motto is, "Try again," hoping to do better 
next time. The person who will cease to try, after one 
failure or two, will never make a success in life. The 
person who continues trying, with a determination to win 
amidst failures, and with the resolve not to be stranded 
on the same obstacle the second time, will finally succeed. 

I am surprised that the different mission boards have 
been as successful as they have been, in using the means 
intrusted to their care. Very seldom is any money mis- 
applied. The different boards are generally wide-awake, 
and use more care with mission money, than they do with 
their own, So that it is very seldom that they actually 
misapply any funds. 

It would be manifestly impossible for each donor to 
designate how and where his contribution should be 
used. More especially is this true of the district boards. 
It is supposed that each board is familiar with their own 
field of labor, — much more so than any one individual, 
who never gets over the, territory at all. 

I have been in touch with this work for a number of 
years and I have been surprised how painstaking and 
careful most of the boards are. More commendable 
is their great care, when wc remember that most of this 
work is done without any compensation whatever. Let 
us rally to the standard, and keep all mission boards, 
— the General Board included,— well supplied with funds 
to carry on the work in their respective fields. We should 
have confidence in them that they will use everything 
to God's honor and glory. I am sure that all mission 
boards use the utmost care to apply the means, dedicated 
to the Lord, for the spread of the Gospel, and the sal- 
vation of never-dying souls. Peter Brower. 
South English, Iowa. 

From Naples to Port Said. 
Our stay in Naples was a day longer than we had 
planned. Some of us went sight-seeing. Our ticket 
had been arranged by way of the Italian General Nav- 
igation Company's line. The steamship " R. Rubattino " 
was to sail at midnight of Nov. 19, which is the begin- 
ning of the 20th. We had arranged with Thos. Cook's 

man to come to Pension Poli at four o'clock and take us 
and our baggage to the steamer. We thought it best 
to place ourselves fully in his hands, and thus avoid the 
many sharks who prey on passengers. There were seven 
of us,— five in our own little group and two missionaries 
of the Scandinavian Alliance. Cook's man got us from 
the steamship "Hamburg," through the Custom House, 
to the Pension Poli, back to the piers and on the steam- 
ship "R. Rubattino," including cooley hire, carriages, 
boat hire and ail, for Lircs 41.90 (?S.20). Without this 
man's help it would have cost us at least $20. 

One of our party did not like the idea of getting on 
a little boat, but the most of the steamers are not al- 
lowed to come to the piers, so we had to go out to the 
steamer in a little boat. Soon after we got to the steam- 
er, it began to rain and kept it up all night. We were 
a little concerned about our baggage, as it took the man a 
long while to load it. Some of the trunks did get wet, 
and some of our clothing was spoiled. The Italian ships 
start from Genoa. The passengers who were on the 
boat from there reported a rough sea. We left Naples 
about two o'clock Nov. 20, about two hours late. We had 
a rough sea and arrived at our first stopping place late. 
Hearing that the sea was bad in the Mediterranean, our 
captain did not venture out of Messina Harbor that night.* 
In the morning we went and encountered a very rough 
sea. It was well that our captain waited, for a steam- 
er that was leaving as wc arrived, was later on reported 
as having gone down. 

We had a rough sea on the Atlantic, but that was noth- 
ing. Now everybody was more or less sick and we had 
a hard time of it. Our trunks and valises tumbled around 
in every cabin. I strapped some of mine to the bedpost. 
We had to hold ourselves in bed. Saturday night very 
few of us slept. Had wc gone to sleep, we should have 
tumbled out of bed. 

Saturday was a very trying day. Below everything 
was shut and on deck we were in danger. We desired to 
be out on deck. In the cabins and in the saloons it was 
so close wc could' hardly breathe, and one wants to 
breathe when he- is seasick. .About noon, Saturday, some 
of us thought we would be better off below, and so 
we went down. Others staid on deck. Chairs were 
lashed to the railing. A heavy "roller" turned the ship 
on its side and the railing gave away. Chairs and oc- 
cupants slid to the side of the boat in a huddle and be- 
fore the people could recover themselves they were 
thrown back against the iron wall, again thrown to the 
iron railing at the side, and again back to the wall. Some 
got hurt and everybody was more or less bruised. That 
was on the right side of the boat. On the other side 
the chairs did not break loose but the passengers slid 
off and were thrown against the iron railing and back 
to the wall again. One of the ladies had her head jammed. 
Fortunately no one was dangerously hurt. 

The " R. Rubattino" is a small steamer and rocks 
much. It is old and out of date. It is hardly seaworthy 
anymore. Rumor says it is soon to be placed on the 
retired list. It is only through the mercy of our heavenly 
Father that wc were spared. He guided us in a safe 
way, although it was rough and unpleasant. Blessed be 
his name! 

There arc nine American missionaries in second class, 
four German missionaries, eight Roman Catholic fathers, 
live officers of the Italian navy, one officer of the English 
army, and nine others, two of them natives of India, 
and two arc children. Only seven of us pay full fare. 
Wc American missionaries get ten per cent off. The Ger- 
man missionaries get a reduction. The Roman fathers get 
a large reduction, some paying only for their food. The 
military men also get a reduction. People travel over 
this line because it is cheap,, and wc found it "cheap in- 
deed." The food is cheap. It got so bad, one time, that 
wc sent a petition to the captain, signed by nearly every- 
one in second class. Then there was some improve- 
ment, but yet some of our number go hungry from day 
to day. Nevertheless we are thankful that it is as well 
with us as it is, and do not feel like complaining, for the 
Lord Ijas been very good to us all the way. We are 
led to expect too much, sometimes, and it may be for 
our good to find out how some other people have it. 

In third class there arc about eighty young men of 
the Italian navy. They arc going to Pekin, China. The 
Italian officers arc bound for the same place. 

Wc find it very hard to read or write on this boat be- 
cause of the continual trembling motion. We arc well 
at present. Adam Ebey. 

Arabian Sea, Dec. 3. 

?lty destroyed five weeks later by the earth- 

Sunday-school Institute of Northeastern Ohio. 

The third annual Sunday-school Institute of Northeast- 
ern Ohio was held at Smithville, Ohio, Dec. 28 to 30. 
Prof. A. C. Wieand, of Chicago, and Eld. T. S. Moherman, 
now of Bridgewater, Va., were our instructors. The work 
was a success, even excelling that of one year ago. 
The attendance was good. Two-thirds of the schools 
of the district were represented. Bro. Wieand took up 
the work along the line of pedagogy. What the teacher 
should be, what he should know, what he should do, 
were properly set forth. His lecture on "The Source 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 

and Secrets of Efficiency and Power in Sunday-school 
Work and Soul-winning" was a masterful and powerful 
effort. Bro. Moherman's work was, "The Sunday School," 
"Missions," and "Social Reforms." He handled his sub- 
jects in a most practical way, that will make Northeast- 
ern Ohio do things. Bro. Moherman's lecture, "What's 
the Use?" proved to be a winner, and, as one put it, 
"A sticker that will stay stuck." Prof. John Basinger, 
of Columbiana, Ohio, was musical director. The power 
and Spirit of God were manifest throughout all of the 

We hope that, not many years hence, every district in 
the great Brotherhood will provide institutes for their 
Sunday-school workers. Indeed, without special train- 
ing we are not able to meet the demands of the day. 

Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 6. Mrs. G. A. Cassel. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good ntws from a fnr country " 

Butte Valley. — The Gospel Messenger makes its weekly 
visit into forty homes In this Valley. The average attendance 
at our Sunday school, for last year, was 98. Eld. Harvey 
Ikenberry, of Raisin City, is with .us in a very, interesting 
series of meetings. Regardless of unpleasant weather, rain 
and snow, the congregations are steadily increasing in num- 
ber. — H. W. Allen, Macdoel, Cal.. Jan. 8, 

Covina church met in council Jan. 2. our elder, G. P. Chem- 
berlen, presiding. Election for officers for the year resulted 
as follows: Presiding elder. G. F. Chemberlen; elsrk, Frank 
Ebersole: treasurer, C. J. Brandt; correspondent, Mary E. 
Anderson. Officers were elected for Christian Workers' meet- 
ing for six months: H. M. Brubaker, president; Rose Hepner, 
secretary. Bro. D. L. Miller gave us a good gospel sermon 
the following- Sunday, and in the evening the Christian Work- 
ers held a special missionary meeting, which created a greater 
missionary spirit among us. Brother and Sister D. L. Miller 
gave very interesting talks on the work In India, referring 
also to the missionary. Sister Gertrude Emmert, whom- we 
are helping to support there. A collection of 519.30 was taken 
at the close of the meeting, for the World-wide mission. — 
Mary E. Anderson, Covina, Cal., Jan. 11. 

Xiordsburg' church met in council Jan. 4, at 7 P. M. Our 
elder. Bro. E, Forney, being out of town, his assistant, Bro. 
W. F. England, presided. The regular business was trans- 
acted pleasantly. The following Sunday-school officers were 
reelected; Superintendent, J. M. Cox; secretary, Ernest HofT. 
We decided to take up a collection next Sunday for the 
Italian sufferers. Several committees reported. On Christ- 
mas we had exercises By the Sunday-school children. Instead 
of treating them, they brought gifts for the poor. On Christ- 
mas morning Bro. J. M. Cox preached for us. Last Sunday 
morning, at the close of services, a man and his wife were 
received into the church, the former by baptism and his 
companion by letter. Eld. W. F. England officiated.— Grace 
Hileman Miller, Lordsburg. Cal., Jan. G. 

Iiob Angeles. — Some great blessings have recently come to 
this church in the anointing. Sister T. It Watkins was 
anointed, and prayed for because of cancer, and is now hav- 
ing great joy. Sister Anna E. Danner received th3 same 
service, for asthmatic difficulties, and now she also is full 
of godly praise. We are glad to see quite a number of visit- 
ing members with us from other parts of the country.— Hiram 
Smith. 3207 Manltou Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 9, 

Ma-odoel. — I have been a reader of the Messenger for a 
number of years and must say that it is continually getting 
better. I have read the Inglenook since its first publication, 
but had not been a subscriber during the last year. It has 
grown to be a splendid weekly magazine and contains just 
the kind of reading that is profitable for all classes, and es- 
pecially the young. We are pleased that it is to be continued. 
We regret that there is not some way of holding the land 
advertisements in check so that they do not overdraw things 
so largely, and make such extravagant statements. — O. M. 
Moore, Macdoel, Cal,, Jan. 7. 

Redondo. — Though we are but few in number, we have 
regular services with good interest and encouraging attend- 
ance. Some are earnestly seeking the Truth, and seem near 
the kingdom. We earnestly desire an interest in the prayers 
of God's children, for the success of the work at this place. — 
Oscar Mathias, Redondo, Cal., Jan. 10. 

Sacramento Valley church met in council Jan. 2. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected. Bro. C. E. Giliett 
was chosen elder, with Bro. J. Overholtzer, foreman; Bro. 
M. N. Overholtzer. Messenger agent; Sister Laura Calvert, 
church correspondent; Sister Celia Custer, Sunday-school su- 
perintendent, and Bro. Clarence Overholtzer, president of 
Christian Workers' meeting. The members have decided to 
meet once a week for the study of the Classified Minutes of 
Annual Meeting. The outlook, for the Lord's work here is 
quite encouraging. — Laura Calvert, Butte City, Cal., Jan. 5. 


Denver church convened in council Jan. 5, wtfh Eld. A C 
Daggett, president of the Mission Board, presiding. At this 
meeting the Denver church was given over into the hands 
of the Mission Board, they annually selecting, with the con- 
sent of the church, the foreman and pastor. Bro. Arthur 
Rust was chosen Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Alma 
Hertzler, president of Christian Workers' meeting, and. Sister 
Root, superintendent of the West Side school. Bro. Daggett 
preached two very interesting sermons for us on Sundav, 
Jan. 3, and will remain with us over Jan. 10. The writer Is 
to remain in charge of the work another vear, as pastor.— 
A. C. Root. 1109*outh Washington. Denver. Colo.. Jan. 7. 

First Grand Valley church met in council on New Tear's 
Day. Bro. H. H. Mohler presiding. Church officers were 
elected for the coming year as follows: Elder. H. H. Mohler 1 
writing clerk, Henry Weaver; treasurer, Roy Mohler; the 
writer, correspondent. We also elected Sunday-school officers 
for the coming six months. Brethren Frank Weaver and 
Owen Click are the superintendents. Bro. Homer Wenger 
was chosen president of the Christian Workers' meeting 
Officers were also elected for our active mission Sundav schooi 
In Grand Junction, with Brethren Roy Mohler and Homer 
Wenger as superintendents, Bro. Weaver Is to do the preach- 
ing at that place for the next six months, and Bro Bryant 
is to go to the White Water Mission every two weeks One 
letter was granted.— Pearl Coffman Heiny, Grand Junction, 
Colo., Jan, 6. 

St. Vrain church met In council Jan. 10, after our regular 
services Though few in number, our little band is not dis- 
couraged. We have a membership of between twenty-five 
and thirty, scattered over a vast scope of territory "Only 
about a dozen of our members reside in vicinity of I ong- 
mont and attend services. Bro. Abram Myers expects soon 
to leave for Iowa. This leaves our elder, Bro Fltz as the 
only minister of the Church of the Brethren in all' North 
western Colorado. Will not some minister for even some 
faithful laymembers), among the crowded churches of the 
East come to this land of sunshine, and work for the up- 
Jan u church?— Blanche A. Long, Longmont, Colo.. 

Washington City church met in council Jan. 5, our elder, 
C. D. Bonsack, presiding. All business passed off pleasantly. 
On© letter was granted and three received. The treasurer 
reported that $2,311,(11 was received, during the year, from 
various sources, which Includes a contribution of S53G.SG for 
repairing the church. During the past year the membership 
has increased from 142 to 1G0, not including abput twenty- 
five whose letters have not been given to the congregation. 
It has been a prosperous year for the -work In Washington, 
for which we have reason to be thankful. Our progress is 
due, in a large measure, to the untiring efforts of the pastor 
and the assistance rendered by faithful members. The Sun- 
day school has continued to grow, both in numbers as well 
as interest, a.nd we begin the new year with the hope of ac- 
complishing still better results. Eld. I. N. H. Beahm Is ex- 
pected to be with us In March for a series of meetings. — 
Mrs. D. E. Miller, S06 C Street, S. E„ Washington, D. C, Jan. 

Clearwater church convened in council Jan. 2, with our 
elder. N. S. Gripe, presiding. Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the year. Bro. John Harlacher was chosen super- 
intendent and Bro. Earl Harlacher, secretary. Considerable 
other business came before the meeting. — Mollie Harlacher, 
Teakean, Idaho, Jan. 4. 

Wezperce church met in council recently. In the absence 
of our elder, Bro. Johnson, Bro. B. J. Fike presided. Three 
letters of membership were'read and accepted, and one was 
granted. The Sunday school was reorganized by electing 
Bro. Ivan Jorgan, superintendent: Sister M. Johnson, secre- 
tary; Bro. Ralph Thomas, treasurer. Our Christian Workers' 
meeting was reorganized by electing Sister Nora BralHer, 
president. We also decided to 'hold- a Bible school and a 
series of meetings during the year. — Win, H. Lichty, Nezperce, 
Idaho, Jan. 4. 

Hudson church met in council Jan. G. Eld. J. H. Neher pre- 
siding. Bro. W. D. Neher was also present. Bro. J. H. Neher 
was chosen elder for another year. Brethren F. H. Lyon and 
Noah Blough were elected Sunday-school superintendents for 
the year. The church decided to hold a series of meetings in 
the near future, if we can secure a minister.— Ida L, Thomp- 
son, Hudsem, 111.. Jan. 7. 

Lamotte Prairie church met in council Jan. 9. Two letters 
"of membership were granted, and two were received. — Mary 
E. Weller. R. D. 2, Palestine, 111., Jan. 9. 

Oak Grove. — A collection of S2.3S was sent to the St. Joseph 
Mission, to help in the Christmas dinner. Our Christian 
Workers are doing some excellent work. The Gospel Mes- 
senger is now in homes where it never was before.— Myrtle 
G. Miller, R. D. 1, Box El, Minonk, 111., Jan. 11. 

Rock River. — Dec. 10 Sterling and Dixon met with us at 
Franklin Grove in -a union Christian Workers' meeting for 
the first time at this place. " It proved Very successful. A 
children's program was given during the Holidays. The in- 
terest shown by the children was surely an encouragement 
to the work. Jan. 24 we expect Bro. H_ C. Crumpacker to 
be with us in a Bible Normal. — Lulu Trostle, Franklin Grove, 
III., Jan. 15. 

West Branch church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. S. S. 
Plum presiding. Officers for the year were elected as follows: 
Sunday-school superintendents, Bro. Ira Butterbaugh and the 
writer. Bro. L. Sollenberger is president of the Christian 
Workers' meeting. Our yearly report shows that our Sunday 
school is on the increase. Today pur elder gave us an ex- 
cellent sermon on " The Spirit of Christ in Us."— Cleora E. 
Yohn, Maryland, 111., Jan. 10. 

Anderson.— We began a series of meetings in this city Dec. 
19, continuing until Jan. 10, conducted by Eld. Isaac B. 
Wike. Fourteen were added to the church. Ten were bap- 
tized, three reclaimed, and one remains to be baptized. The 
interest continued until the close of the meetings. The 
membership has been greatly strengthened. — Chas. E. John- 
sonbaugh, Anderson, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Arcadia church met in council Saturday, Jan. 2, with Eld. 
Ellas Smeltzer presiding. Sister Zeruah Hill was chosen 
superintendent of the Sunday school; Sister Katie Mosbaugh, 
secretary; Bro. Henry Martin, president of Christian Work- 
ers' meeting; Sister Ethel Martin, secretary. Bro. Merton 
Holsinger eame to this place Dec. 2.6 and delivered fifteen 
interesting sermons.— Mary Martin, Box 301. Arcadia, Ind.. 
Jan. 11. 

Bachelor Run. — Bro. I. N. H, Beahm, of Elizabethtown, Pa., 
gave us, on New Tear's eve and New Tear's evening, a lec- 
ture on the Holy Land, which was much appreciated. Our 
elder, A. G. Crosswlute, continued the meetings each night 
until Jan. 10, with good interest. Our young brother, Fred 
Myers, who was elected Sunday-school superintendent for 
the house in town, took charge Jan. 3. At this meeting Bro. 
Crosswhite seated all the Sunday-school officers and teachers 
in front seats, and gave them an earnest talk on consecrating 
themselves to Christ.— Mattie Welty. Flora, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Beach Grove. — Our churchhouse is about completed. Jan. 
24 is the date decided on for the dedication service. Bro. 
Jacob Rarick, of Muncic, will have charge of the service, and 
will conduct a series of meetings immediately after the 
dedicatory service. We decided to have dinner at the church, 
and have an all-day meeting. — P. A. Spearman, R. D. 33, 
Ingalls, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Bethel congregation met In council Jan. 9, with Eld. W. R.' 
Deeter presiding. One was restored to fellowship. Three 
letters were granted. Eld. W. R. Deeter asked to be relieved 
of the oversight of this congregation, which request was 
granted. He will, however, retain his eldership for three 
months, when an election is to be held for a presiding elder. 
— M. Smith, R. D. 5, Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Fountain church met in council recently, Bro. Hoppis pre- 
siding. On New Tear's Day Bro. W. I. Kintner, of Belle- 
fontaine, Ohio, came into our midst, and preached for us on 
Saturday evening. On Sunday morning Bro. Kintner and the 
writer drove about ten miles, to one of our mission stations, 
at the Union church, at Antioch, where our brother preached 
both morning and evening. His sermons were well received. 
We .believe that a great work could -be done in this territory 
If some good minister would come and help us. At present 
Bro. Hoppis and the writer are the only ministers to do all 
of this work. Each of us has a family to support, and not 
much of this world's goods. — Luther Bedel, R. D. 1, Nebraska 
Ind., Jan. 4. 

Indianapolis. — We have not yet been able to secure the 
regular services of a pastor. Brethren G. W. Hahn and 
S. A. Hylton, our home ministers, conducted the services 
during November and December, Bro. Hahn having charge 
of the work. Nov. 22, in the evening. Bro. Norris our 
former elder, preached for us. Bro. Hoover, president of the 
Mission Board, recently visited our church twice, and arrange- 
ments were made by which Brethren Norris and J. W. Rarick 
should exchange charges, thus giving Bro. Rarick oversight 
of the church here and also at Muncie. He will preach at 
each place on alternate Sundays. Bro. Rarick was our pastor 
during the years 1905 and 1906. The other appointments, 
here, are to be filled by our home ministers. Sunday evening' 
Dec. 27. Bro. Grover C. Thompson, of Mt. Morris, 111., favored 
us with a talk on "The Portraits of Christ," which was 
greatly appreciated. We met in council Saturday evening, 
Jan. 2. Bro. Rarick presiding. He also preached for us on 
the following day. At this council our church officers were 
chosen as follows: Bro. T. M. Bowers, church clerk and 
treasurer; Bro. R. W. Weeks, trustee; Bro. T. P. Hoffert 
Messenger agent; the writer, church correspondent. Bro' 
S. A. Hylton is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister 

Naomi Hahn, secretary. One member has been received by 
letter since our last report. All goods sent for distribution 
at this point, should be addressed to Geo. W. Hahn, Corner 
of Tibbs Avenue and Vermont Street. "We acknowledge re- 
ceipt of one box of clothing from Hagerstown, also one from 
Rossville. — Bertha E. Hahn, Corner of Vermont Street and 
Tibbs Avenue, Indianapolis. Ind., Jan. 9. 

Ladoga. — On account of age Bid. Wm. R. Harshbarger re- 
signed the office of elder of this church, and at our autumn 
love feast Bro. E. N. Goshorn was chosen as bishop In his 
place. He accepted the position at our council today. The 
church, by action, expressed a desire to assist Bro. Goshorn 
in bearing the burden, materially as well as spiritually. — 
John A. Harshbarger, Ladoga, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Little St. Joe (Indiana). — We met with the members at this 
place Dec. 5. remaining with them over three Sundays In a 
series of meetings. Regardless of bad roads and extremely 
dark nights during the last week, the meetings closed with 
very good interest and a well-filled house.— D. P. Koch, Mont- 
peller. Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Pleasant Valley church met in council Jan. 9. Four letters 
of membership were granted. "We decided to organize a 
home department In the Sunday school. Bro. J. Edson Ulery 
will hold a ten-day Bible term for us, beginning Feb. 28. The 
meeting will be hetd In the Auditorium at Mlddlebury. We 
have recently organized a teacher-training class. — J. H. 
Schrock, Mlddlebury, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Plevna.— Dee. 27 the Sunday-school officers were elected for 
six months, Bro. Henry Lorenz, superintendent. Bro. L. W, 
Teeter will conduct our next series of meetings. An offering 
of S15 was raised for home mission work. — Jacob H. King ( 
R. D. 2, Grcentown, Ind., Jan. 15. 

Sugar Creek church met in council Jan. 9, with Eld. E. O. 
Norris' presiding. Two letters of membership were granted 
and two received. We expect to hold a series of meetings in 
the near future.— Zella Fuqua, Fortville, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Union Center. — This church has just concluded a successful 
revival meeting. Bro. Manly Deeter, of Milford, Ind., did 
the preaching. He plead earnestly with sinners to forsake 
their ways, and accept salvation, as offered on the easy terms 
of the Gospel. Eighteen were added by baptism. Bro. Deeter 
was accompanied by his wife, who also greatly assisted In 
the work of the meeting. — Ellen Roose, Nappanee, Ind., Jan. 


Coon River, — After the close of our Bible Normal one young 
man was received into fellowship by baptism.— J. D. Haugh- 
telin, Panora, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Iowa River.— I was recently called to this place in regard 
to some business. I also visited the Old Folks' Home and 
found Brother and Sister Wolf busy in their work caring for 
the Home and its occupants. Grandmother Murray Is Im- 
proving nicely. The physician says the broken bone Is doing 
well, and that she has good prospects of getting up again. 
The rest of the old people are in usual health, and all seem 
contented and happy. It affords me great pleasure to visit 
the Home. It is certainly a righteous work. God's blessing 
seems to be upon it. — J. T>. Haughtelin, Panora, Iowa, Jan. 14. 

Mt. Etna,— The Lord has been with us in out meetings. 
Up to this time eleven have expressed a desire to live for the 
Master. Bro. C. S. Garber, of St. Joseph, Mo., assisted by 
Bro. S. A. Pollock, of McPherson, Kans., has been doing the 
preaching. The meeting is still in grogress, and we hope 
for still greater blessings.— Fannie Brower, Mt. Etna, Iowa, 
Jan. 14. 


Burr Oak. — Jan. 11 Bro. D. A. Crist, of Quinter, began a 
series of meetings for us. In the afternoon of that same day 
our aged brother, Eli Rentier, who has been in ill health for 
some time, was anointed, Elders Crist and Sloniker having 
charge Of the service. About twenty members were present. — 
Ray S. Wagoner, Burr Oak, Kans., Jan. 14. 

Independence church met in council Jan. 9, our elder, Bro. 
E. E. Joyce, presiding. Two letters of membership were 
granted. Bro. Page was chosen church treasurer; Bro. Alva 
Goff, clerk; .the writer, Messenger correspondent. Bro. Alva 
Page is also Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. Albert 
Cam, secretary and treasurer. Bro. Elkenberry was chosen 
solicitor of funds to pay off our church debt. Brethren Eller 
and Andrew Neher were also with us and gave us good assist- 
ance, the former preaching two sermons, one on Saturday 
evening and the other on Sunday^morning. — Rebecca Miller, 
1100 W. Chestnut Street, Independence. Kans., Jan. 12. 

Parsons church met in members' meeting Jan. 7. Our elder, 
Bro. W. H. Leaman, being absent, our pastor, Bro. J. S. 
Clark, presided. All business passed off pleasantly. We de- 
cided to hold a series of meetings some time after the middle 
of February, at a date suitable to Bro. C. S. Garber, who is 
to conduct the meetings. Our Sunday school was reorganized 
recently. Bro. J. A. Campbell is our superintendent. — Jennie 
Franks. 2519 Clark Avenue, Parsons, Kans., Jan. 11. 

Verdigris church met in special council Jan. 5. Brethren 
E. E. Joyce and C. A. Miller had charge of the meeting. 
Bro. R. W. Quakenbush, of Madison, Kans., was elected to 
the ministry, and Bro. G. E. Shirky was elected as our deacon. 
Bro. Miller also preached for us on the same evening. — 
Ellen Quakenbush, R. D. 4, Box 42, Madison, Kans., Jan. 13. 


Brownsville.— Dec. 25 the Sunday school at this place held 
the usual Christmas services. An appropriate program was 
rendered. In the afternoon of the same day similar services 
were held at the West Brownsville church. Both schools are 
in a prosperous condition. Dec. 24 Bro. S. P. Early, of Union 
Bridge, began a ten days' Bible term this congregation. 
Two sessions were hetd each day, with' good attendance and 
interest. — Geo. W. Kaetzel, Gapland, Md.. Jan. 6. 

Pulton Avenue. — Friday, Jan. 8, we convened in council 
with Eld. E. W. Stoner in charge. Eld. John A. Smith and 
Bro. Jesse Tingling, of Woodberry, assisted in the work. 
Bro. Stoner was reelected presiding elder for another year. 
Ono letter was granted to Bro. R. T. Angle, who moved to 
Rocky Mount, Va„ with his wife, where he is now engaged 
in business. Bro. Angle's leaving necessitated the election 
of another trustee, a president for Christian Workers' meet- 
ing, and a. church finance secretary, which offices ne faith- 
fully filled. We regret the loss to our working force in his 
departure. Bro. Walter D. Ashmore was elected to fill the 
vacancies. May 9 is the time of our love feast, beginning at 
5 P. M. We rejoice to report that a goodly number were 
present, and the most kindly Christian spirit prevailed in this, 
another business council. Our work in general is Increasing 
in interest and attendance and 1909 will doubtless result In 
more efficient work for Christ and the church than any pre- 
vious year. A gift of love, S9.50, from the Lewistown, Pa.. 
Sunday-school Convention was very gratefully placed to their 
credit, just before Christmas. Gifts in the form of clothing, 
eatables, etc., from other places have gladdened the hearts 
of some of God's workers at this place. Sister Dove L. 
Sauble Is continued as our missionary and Messenger agent. 
She has done most excellent service in our church during the 
past year. Sister Sauble has been in this field for about 
twelve years, and we are planning still larger work for her 
this year. Any donations of clothing, etc.. will be most thank- 
fully received by addressing Sister Sauble at 1607 Edmondson 
Avenue, Baltimore, Md. — J. S. Geiser, Baltimore, Md., Jan. 13. 

*West Point church met In council Jan. 3, with Eld. John 
Weybright presiding. Sunday school was reorganized, with 
Bro." Harvey Walter reelected superintendent, and Bro. C. 
Smith, secretary. The writer was chosen church correspond- 
ent. We expect to have a series of meetings to begin March 
20, — John M. Pohlman, Reisterstown, Md., Jan. 11. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 

Bair lake congregation met on Christmas Day. for services, 

conducted by Bro. Joseph Sala, who talked to us on the 
divinity of Christ. Jan. 2 the members met in council with 
our elder. Samuel Younce, presiding. Considerable business 
came before the meeting. Eld. Younce will continue as our 
Housekeeper. Bro. W. E. Young was reelected clerk for one 
year; Bro. Stephen A. HiifTord, treasurer; Bro. Joseph Sala 
trustee; Bro. F.. E. Cochran. Sunday-school superintendent. 
Bro. Joseph Sala was advanced to the second degree of the 
ministry. TVe expect to hold a series of meetings In the 
spring", closing with a love feast, the date to be announced 
later.— W. E. Young, Clarion, Mich., Jan. 11. 

Coleman. — We met in regular council Jan. 9, Eld. Geo. E 
Stone presldfng-. Business was disposed of pleasantly We 
are enjoying a series of meetings, conducted bv Bro Stone 
They began on the evening of Jan. <j, and will continue two 
weeks. The interest, so far, has been very good. — Forest R 
Riley, Loomis. Mich., Jan. 11. 

Crystal church 

ceived Bro. W. P. MoLellan was chosen elder for another MoLellan, R. D. 8, Box 77. Utohfleld, Nebr?jan 

Buchanan,— A good frame Schoolhouse, 21 x 30 feet Is nnw 

bemg erected in our town. The outside is no. r|v , LpU 
After the building Is entirely completed, we expert Z hold 
3uX™ , Cl T' ? n , d P rcachi »" service In It The town 
astern Rrln, Seated ?" the SnntFl Fe Cut " off ' Any of our 
Brethren going to California ove 


"f three yen 

for this year. Bro. 

Uned with 

•iter was chosen church correspondent 

with us l V fr a -7uZnT-/ n rZ 1 ^ "" ^^ 
inspiring sermons— W. C. Detrlck. Bradfoi 

of Ruchn: 

are invited to stop "off with us. ' k"i2S tatoJiTtt! 
d jou will be met at the statto 
members at this place. The — 
and lias been so for some time.- 

have i 

N. Mex„ Jan 


At present .. . 

athor Is beautiful, 

-Samuel Weimer, Buchanan, 

3.77.— D. W. Knelsly, 

Jan. 9. 


quarter Is 53.6-T; for the 
Street, Dayton, Ohio, 

met In council Jan. C, our elder, C. L. 
presiding. Church officers were elected for the pres- 
nt year. Bro. Wilkins was reelected elder for another vear- 
Bro. W. H. Roose, secretary; Bro. J. Brillhart, agent for'pub- 
Bollinger, treasurer. Arrangements 
■ district meeting. Bro. Geo. E. Stone 
lents. We 
F. Culler 
ner Sister 

" lications, and 
were also made for our 

was elected foreman of the committee of an 
had an all-day meeting on Christmas Day, 1 

having charge of the forenoon service. After din 
Culler told us about her visit to the Jewish Synagogue in 
Chicago. Next we had declamations by the children. The 
music class also met in the last session of the term, with Sis- 
ter Culler In charge. Brother and Sister Culler are both fine 
music instructors. Our Sunday school was reorganized the 
first Sunday in January, with Bro. R. B. Noll, superintendent. 
The officers and teachers held a consecration meeting in the 
evening.— Jennie Witter, R. D. 1, Vickeryville, Mich., Jan. 13. 
HTarlan^-Bro. Charles Deardorff filled the appointment at 
Mavllla last Sunday, and Bro. Morphew spoke at the new 
church. In the evening the Christian Workers' meeting was 
led by Sister Morphew, following which we had a Bible studv 
on personal work, conducted by Bro. Deardorff. We are much 
encouraged to see such an increase in our Sunday school at 
the beginning of the new year, our enrollment being over 
100. After expenses, for the first quarter of 1909, were paid, 
we had a balance of $9.68 in the treasury, which the school 
decided to Invest in one dozen more Hymnals, etc., for the 
new churchhouse. We also have the free-will birthday offer- 
ing In our Sunday school, which adds much to the treasury. — 
Rosa Weller, Copemish, Mich., Jan. 1L 

Riverside. — The members met In council Jan. 2, Eld. C. L. 
Wilkins presiding. Much business came before the meeting. 
Church officers were elected, with Bro. C. L. Wilkins elder for 
another year; Sister Mary Van Meter, clerk; Bro. Frank Good, 
Messenger agent; Bro. E. B. Weirick, church correspondent. 
The following are the trustees; Bro. Harvey Good, one year; 
Bro. John Van Meter, two years; Bro. E. B. Weirick, three 
years. Brethren E. B. Weirick and Frank Good are our su- 
perintendents; Sister Clara. Pollington, president of Christian 
Workers for nine months. Eleven were received into this con- 
gregation by baptism, and one reclaimed during the past year. 
Our teacher-training class has an enrollment of ten, and Is 
in fairly good working order. Eld. Wilkins preached four 
sermons while with us. We now have preaching every Sun- 
day at 11 o'clock and Christian Workers' meeting In the even- 
ing at 7 o'clock. — E. B. Weirick. McBain, Mich., Jan. 4. 


Morrill church met in council Jan. 
Wagoner presiding. All business was 
of. We decided to hold a series of meeti 

Feb. 1, Bro. Eikenberry, of Barnum, to assist us. Any one 
wishing to visit this place will find a welcome. — I. C. Mans- 
field, Ramey, Minn., Jan. 14. 

Worthing-ton. — Bro. N. J. Baker, of Winona, Minn., closed 
a successful term of singing at this place Jan. D. Our elder, 
C. S. Hilary, who has been very poorly for some time, is 
improving slowly. — Minnie Schechter, Worth ington, Minn., 

J. Smith, of Wa 

charge of the . 

excellent sen 

n™"v.,s m^ r rc i', nuy """''■'' """• from <"• SMS 

ancl with hi. iSS , S f"? ,7", s """"'"»" 1" the aMershlp, 

Texas. Bro. Neff was also chosen as 

here. Bio. Smith preached an 

Monday evening, after which he and 

and i\ no\f n iL ^n^T- Brt t Blwn ^amed with us 
ana is now in the midst of a-serles of meetings The first 
communion at Clevis will he held Jan. 14. Bro W II Simp- 
son was chosen treasurer; Bro. A. J. nodes, Messenger' agent- 
the writer, secretary— Mary L, Cook, Clovts, N. Mex., Jan 9 

m.^hS'T^w A ", J " l mlthl of Tcxas - be S a « a series of 
ir ^s -no', pl »™J>ec 20. On Christmas Day we had a 
Inll ,f , Sunday afternoon, Dec. 27, Bro. Smith con- 

ducted an instructive Sunday-school meeting. Jan I two 
were hapt.zed. Jan. 2 we met for council IW were re 

worker?' ,2SE ° mcers , to l Sunday seUoo] ™ (1 Christian 
Workers meeting were elected. Sister Jennie Blough Is 
superintendent of Sunday school, and Sister Lotta T il ,--■ 
President of Christian Workers" meeting. The church *cSSd 
llvtSL L^f^ f ° r d , eaCOn - In the ^t«noon one was. 
w» f , nn l, hl the evenln S ° f the same day wo held our 
love feast. There were thirty-nine communicants We now 
have our churchhouse completed and Sunday morning, Jan. 
3, Bro. Smith preached the dedicatory sermon to a largo and 
npniccintive- audience. immediately afterward Bro. J. L. 
Jones and wife were installed into the deacon's office. In the 
an Workers gave a special program, after 
preached his farewell sermon,— Emma M. 
N\ Mex., Jan. 9. 

Sell in g-.- 
conduoted ■■ 
time in 

in come with hln 
those here who : 
have a number who. at ono'tlme. 
Selling is a prosperous little 

surrounding coun- 

s some of our Brethren 

ion may be secured by 

or the writer. — R, R. 

with Bro. John R. 

which Bro. Smitr . _ 
Bowers Wolfe, Dexter 


2 with Bro. I. N. 
pleasantly disposed 
, beginning about 

Jan. 16. 

Egeland church met in council Jan. 2. Elders J. C. Selbcrt 
r were with us. Two letters of memher- 
n'ffl^r 1 * sran ™ a - "id seven were received. Sunday-school 
omcers weie reelected for six months. Brother and Sister 
Menser were installed into the office of deacon. A series of 
meetings is to he held at this place the latter part of January 
or tlie early part of February, to be conducted bv Bro J H 
Brubaker Christian Workers' meeting is progressing nicely! 
5 D k J ' n rt ls P^sident-Emma Deardorff, Egelanfl, 

Ellison church met Dec. 31 in council, with our elder, J H 
Brubaker, presiding. Much business came before the meet- 
ratory to district meeting, which Is to he held In' 
Church and Sunday-school offl- 
J. S. Fike and C. E. Wells have 
A, Noaks, Messenger agent; 
Joseph llurkholder, Sunday- 
Miller, Sunday-school 
of membership was 
Jan. 7, 


Bethel church met in council Dec. 19. our elder, J. B. Hylton, 
presiding. As our last district meeting gave us the privilege 
to solicit our own district for funds, through the Messenger, 
to aid us In building a churchhouse, the necessary committees 
were appointed, and a plan may soon be presented. Bro. 
Noah Oren, of Carthage, will be our elder for 1909. — F. D. 
Baker, R. D. 2, Conway. Mo., Jan. 11. 

Pairview church met in council Jan. 9, Eld. J. B. Hylton 
presiding. Two letters of membership were received. Bro. 
J. B. Hylton will be our elder for the coming year; Bro. Frank 
Robertson, secretary; Bro. C. Cline, treasurer; the writer, 
Messenger agent and church correspondent. — Maude Hylton, 
Idumea, Mo., Jan. 14. 

Gleudale. — Bro. John H. Argabright, of Mountain Grove, 
Mo., came to this place Jan. 9 and preached two excellent ser- 
mons. On account of bad weather there was no preaching 
on Sunday evening. Bro. Argabright visited Sister Noah 
Davidson on Sunday night, as she was not able to be at 
preaching. — Nannie A. Harman, R. D. 2, Mountain Grove, Mo., 
Jan. 10. 

mineral Creek. — Our Bible Normal closed Friday night. 
Bro. H. M. Harvey, of Bethany Bible School, conducted the 
meetings. The attendance was not so large, on account of 
inclement weather, but we had a most interesting and in- 
structive meeting. Eld. Ira Witmore, of Adrian, Mo., the 
district solicitor for the new Kansas City, Mo., churchhouse. 
attended the Bible school a few evenings, and solicited our 
members for this work. All responded quite liberally, and 
a neat little sum was raised. — Zilpha Campbell, Leeton, Mo., 
Jan. 11. 

Shelby County church met in council Jan. 2, at the home of 
Bro. N. C. Folger, he not being able to come to the church 
on account of ill health. Bro. J. S. Kline, of Hardin, our 
elder, was here and presided. Five letters of membership 
were granted. We reorganized our Sunday school, with Bro. 
G. S. Lapp, superintendent. Bro. Kline preached for us on 
Sunday, both morning and evening. — Lovlna E. Lapp, Hagers 
Grove, Mo., Jan. 7. 

Kalispell. — Bro. Hartsough, of North Dakota, gave us one 
week of soul-cheering sermons, beginning Dec. 18. This is 
a city of 7,000 inhabitants. He left Dec. 26 for a point about 
eighteen miles from here, near Columbia Falls, Montana, 
where there is but one brother and one sister. At that place 
he preached seven sermons, which greatly encouraged not 
only the members, but stirred the whole community. He 
received pressing invitations to return at a later date. The 
meetings closed with a love feast, held at the home of our 
elder, nine miles from that place; also the same distance 
from Kalf spell. The people around here are anxious to hear 
our doctrine, but there is no one here to tell It to them. We 
continue in our prayers for a minister to locate here. We 
now have a membership of twenty-two. — Mary C. Davis R 
D- 3, Kallspell, Montana. Jan. G. 


Bethel. — Our meetings, conducted by Bro. C. B. Smith, of 
Red Cloud, were closed Jan. 3. Twelve united with the church 
hy baptism. We enjoyed three weeks of wide-awake meetings 
and feel that the church has been greatly built up. We de- 
cided to repair the church. — Sudi© Flory, Carle ton Nebr 
Jan. 7. 

Sonta Loup church met in council Jan. 9, our elder, W 
McLellan, presiding. Two letters of membership were : 

the Ellison 

cers were elected. Brethre: 
been chosen trustees; Bro. 
Bro. A. B. Miller, clerk; Bro. 
school superintendent; Sister Winnie 
secretary and treasurer. One lettei 
granted.— Clare Wells, Ellison. N. Dak. 

ICenmare church met in regular council with Eld. J. C. 
Forney in charge, All business passed off pleasantly. Offi- 
cers were elected for the year. Bro. Schwartz Is our Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister Dora Michael, president of 
Christian Workers' meeting; Bro. Ray Harris, Messenger 
agent; Bro. G. I. Michael, correspondent. Our attendance Is 
small, yet very regular. May the Lord increase our devo- 
tions in the cause of the Master! — G. I. Michael, R. D 3 


a B week', L mTeth^ S ' f a n l , Sted hy Er ° A ' ** Gorha ™' 

February. He Is also expecting a number of K"n 

We have no church here, but there are 

- In sympathy with our faith. We also 

did hold membership with 

■»"* «t on»-Lrr„''c™tt m ;,h;uo,' ow Ti,, ,l ;° UEh we have "° 

try is , good. Wo would bo Bind to hav, 
Investigate for thom*o!ves. Informntl 
addroaalng T. F. Holl'oway, n 
Rogers. R. D. 2, Selling, Okla.. 

Wn.hlta ohu-roll met In council Jan. 2, 

healthy, growing condition-Bertha Boy,,, Cordc'l. OwL, Jan* 

ns|n>,d of In a pleasant manner. Bro. S. Decker of Ash 

<L'r^ VL ), f l, V SO l i r 1 ' r ml thou ^t« M the Bible schoohfn 

Jan 7 Portland\-Clara M. Shldelor, Talent. Oregon" 

Germant-owu church met In council Jan. i, Eld. A L Grater 
presiding. Considerable business was transacted sS 
school wia Chrlstltin Workers' officers were elected for the 
..I- o'i„ . t ,,T w i 13 <\ hosen church correspondent. Sunday 
wEm %; ,* a ,rotl, '' r WaS n "'"'^' i l»tO the churc by 
baptism. Sunday, Jan. 21, at 2;30 P, M„ a (ablet wll be 
Seated in the Old Mother church, in honor or Peter Seyser! 
win din, ,■ ' ,IT " h; ;'/K". n Breat-grandson of Peter Keyset, 

IituT5ffii^Srp"7Ari«f wi ^ un <*™„t w n 

Hanover church mot In council Jan. fi, with Eld. D. H. 
;'!;-■ I'"';* '"''*■ One letter of membership was granted and 
q i ,1 l V . received. Bro. S. H. Baker was reelected 

Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Wm. H. Millar will re- 
main with us for another yejir.— W. B. Harlacher, -129 Walnut 
Street, Hanover. Pa., Jan. 9, Ul 

Llgonior Valley.— Our council was held Dec. 20. Eld R A 

Man' Wo!.| l ( r ll '° U ' M UCh busIneea w,,s t^nsacted. A Chrlt 

Ian Woikers meeting was organized, with Sister Genetla 
Jan G ^ pr08 ! deilt — C" W - Klbel, It. D. 2, Ligonler, p a , 

Mountvlllo.— Bro. Henry Oher, of Ellzahethtown, began 
M,,.,i„Ks »l the Suh.nga house Dee. 21!, coiUlnulngTntll Jan 
of loin' hS.^ "" f\ V ° n « t M»-? Blnut « talk on the Gospel 
oi John, before preachlnB. He spoke much about real living 
which was quite helpful.— M. O, Forney, R, d. " 





Kenmare, N. Dak., Dec. 20. 

^County Line.— Bro. J. L. Guthrlo came to this place Dec. 
_0, and gave us eleven excellent sermons. We were greatly 
encouraged.— A. M. Baker, R. D. 1, Lafayette, Ohio, Jan. 0. 

Donnels Creek church met in deferred council Jan. 9, at 
the N'ew Carlisle house. Considerable business was pleas- 
antly disposed of. Four were received hy letter and one 
letter was granted, The reports of several committees wore 
given and accepted. The treasurer made a report of the last 
six months. Bro. Cyrus Funderburg was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent for the country house. Bro Ezra 
Frantz is our superintendent for New Carlisle. Both schools 
reorganized yesterday. Last evening we mot at the country 
house to organize a Christian Workers' meeting. Bro. 
Roland Leatherman was chosen president. Wo expect Bro' 
Reuben Shroyer to assist in a series of meetings, beginning 
Jan. 14.— Hettie F. Bamhart, R. D. -I, Box 9G, New Carlisle 
Ohio, Jan. 11. 

East Dayton.— Jan. 3 we organized our Christian Workers' 
meeting, with Sister Alice Tippy, president. One was re- 
ceived by baptism recently, and one by letter. We want to 
thank the various churches of the Southern District of Ohio 
for so heartily responding to the call for clothing and 
money, which has been the means of bringing many Into the 
Sunday school.— Elizabeth Grove, 120 MoLaln Street Dayton 
Ohio, Jan. 11. 

Pairview church met in council Dec. 27, with our elder 
Perry McKimmey, in charge. We reorganized our Sunday 
school, which Is progressing nicely during the winter months 
Two letters of membership were received.— C. W. stutzman 
R. D. 17, Metamora, Ohio. Jan. 1-i. 

Hewton.— We greatly enjoyed the instructive Bible lectures 
and views given hy Bro. W. R. Miller during the past week. 
He also gave us two Interesting sermons last Sunday. Our 
revival meetings will follow the Bible lectures. Bro. Isaac 

Frantz, one of our home ministers,, will do the preachlne 

Mary West, Pleasant Hill. Ohio, Jan. 11. 

Sidney.— Our experience In city work has established the 
fact in our minds, that where two services are held each 
Lord's Day, there should be an Invitation given and es- 
pecially so in the evening. Since we have made it known it 
is expected; it would now seem that a link is missing to close 
without the invitation. Recently an Invitation v. ■ ffiveri and 
two young men accepted Christ, and were baptized At an- 
other time upon invitation, three confessed Christ by baptism 
Our Series of meetings will begin Jan. 2 7, conducted by Bro' 
Geo. D. Studebaker.— S. Z. Smith, Sidney, Ohio, Jan. 11. 

Upper Stillwater.— We met In a deferred council Jan 9 
Eld. D. D. Wine presiding. Owing to the remodeling of our 
churchhouse we have not had a council for seven months 
but everything ha% been In 8ne working order, and all busi- 
ness for the day was disposed of pleasantly. In connection 
with our present regular services we decided to have preach- ■ 
ing every Sunday evening, and Christian Workers' meeting 
every two weeks, for one-half hour before preaching service 
Bro. J. C. Inman was elected president of our Christian Work- 
ers. Bro. S. S. Wise was elected church trustee for the term 


Dec. 19 our little band of worshipers met in coun- 
cil. On the following day, Sunday, we met for Sun- 
day school and preaching service, both well attended. 
In the evening we met in a communion service. A goodly 
number of our neighbors were present, who gave the 
best of attention. The meeting was a season of spiritual 
refreshment to the few members present. 

We have been laboring under discouraging circumstan- 
ces, since we are so few in number and so far from any 
adjoining church. In the spring of 1902 a few of our 
members located in this vicinity. Others followed in 
the autumn of the same year, increasing our number 
to about one dozen. A few meetings were held in the 
homes of the different members, where we studied the 
Word of God. Later these meetings were removed to 
a schoolhouse. A union Sunday school was organized, 
with Bro. L. E. Fainter as the first superintendent. 

Isolated as we were, it was difficult to secure the needed 
help to effect an organization of a church until October, 
1903, when Bro. D. B. Eby came and assisted in the 
organization. The writer was the only minister and 
Brethren W. R. Rash and Geo. East, deacons. Bro. J. 
Harman Stover, of Tekoa, Wash., was chosen as elder. 
Up to the present time, he has made us but two visits, 
the last being in June, 1906. 

We have been sadly disappointed, three or four times 
during the last year, in our plans for a series of meetings. 
Our dear brethren and sisters in the East know but lit- 
tle of the longing desires of our members, to have the 
Bread of Life broken to them. Coming, as most of us 
did, from churches where we had the privilege of attend- 
ing several love feasts and series of meetings each year, 
it is very trying to be deprived of these means of grace 
which are so precious to every child of God. 

There are evils, too, in a new country which are un- 
known in older, settled communities, As a sample of 
these evils, we might mention the fact that in the school- 
house, where we met to worship, dances were held reg- 
ularly, the fiddler's platform being directly behind the 
minister's stand. Thus the powers of light and darkness 
met in the same place. 

Notwithstanding these adverse circumstances, God has 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 

answered our prayers. The dance has been driven out, 
and our Sunday school, prayer meeting and preaching 
services have been carried on with increased attendance 
and interest. We appeal to our brethren, ministers, 
deacons and laymembers to gird on the armor and come 
over into Macedonia and help us. 

We have distribu:ed tracts and Messengers, which have 
brought inquirers after the truth and unanswered calls 
for preaching. We have a goodly country, a rich soil, 
a most healthful climate and water and timber in abun- 
dance. Our country offers unusual opportunities for the 
fruit grower, the grain farmer, the stock raiser and the 
dairyman. B. E. Breshears. 

Chesaw, Wash., Dec. 24. 


The Cedar church has again been privileged to en- 
joy some excellent gospel instruction. Eld. James M. 
Moore, of Bethany Bible School, Chicago, came to us 
Dec. 21, and remained until Jan. 2. During this time we 
had Bible work at 10 A. M„ on the Acts of the Apostles, 
and lessons on the prayer life of Christ in the evening, 
followed by a sermon along evangelistic lines, 

Bro. James is an earnest worker, a painstaking student, 
and a capable instructor. He has left with us many good 
things to think about. Though absent, yet he speaketh. 

We could hardly realize that this was the boy we learned 
to know, some years ago, at Mt. Morris, 111., and later 
at Elgin. He was the first linotype operator in the 
Brethren Publishing House, and, later on, became an 
expert at the business. Now he is a faithful and efficient 
minister, an elder and wise counselor, and an apt in- 
structor in the Word of God. 

We would like to say that what Bro. James has ac- 
complished many, many boys might attain unto, if they 
only had the true spirit of work, as the men of Israel 
had in the days of Nehemiah, when they builded the wall 
of Jerusalem, as it is written, "So built we the wall, and 
all the wall was joined unto the half thereof, for the peo- 
ple had a mind to work." Neh. 4: 6. True manhood and 
womanhood demands a noble, active and useful life, and 
those who fill well the lower seats will soon be invited 
up higher. We take pleasure in saying (without solici- 
tation), that Bro. James has won a place in our hearts, 
and those needing his service will be blessed in securing 

The Cedar church met in council at 1 P. M., Jan. 9, 
and elected Sunday-school officers for the coming year. 
Bro. David E. Yeater was chosen superintendent, and 
Sister Minnie Long, secretary and treasurer. This school 
has been evergreen since its organization. Two church 
letters were granted and five have recently been received. 
Considerable routine church business was harmoniously 
transacted in the few hours thus spent together. While 
the attendance was good, we hope the day will hasten 
when, in each congregation, every member will feel the 
need of attending these business meetings of the church, 
as much as the revival or love feast occasions, and will 
make as strong an effort to be there. Excepting un- 
avoidable hindrances, all should be present at council 
meetings. Our attendance is an evidence of the amount 
of church life we have. So let us work till Jesus comes! 
Clarence, Iowa, Jan. 11. John Zuck. 


The Sunday-school Teachers' Institute of Northwest- 
ern Ohio, the best yet held, convened in the Rome church 
Dec. 31. Preparatory to a two days' session, Bro. G. 
A. Snider was chosen moderator. We were fortunate 
to have with us Bro. P. B. Fitzwater, of North Man- 
chester, Ind., and Bro. J. S. Flory, of Bridgewater, Va., 
as our instructors. The work of each of these brethren 
proved both interesting and instructive. 

Bro. Flory first spoke on " The Most Interesting Book 
in the. World." The Bible is a wonderful book, the best 
book of all. It is one person's work, — God's book. Bi- 
ble influence is wide and its circulation is great, because it 
covers every field. 

Bro. Fitzwater then took up "The Studies in the Book 
of Acts," showing the relationship of the Gospels to 
this book, and referring to the design of the Book of 
Acts. Its theme is, "What the risen and ascended Christ 
continues to do by the Holy Ghost through his dis- 
ciples." The speaker handled his subject in an able 

Bro. Flory then treated the subject " How to Have 
Good Sunday-school Teachers." He said: "Make them!" 
He emphasized the fact that many teachers fail to rec- " 
ognize the divine importance of their work. A teacher 
must love her work, and come in close touch with her 
pupils. Two hundred thousand people, practically, be- 
long to us, as a church, and are demanding religious in- 
structions at our hands, and who is going to teach them? 
That is the burning question. It must be done by trained 
teachers. The Sunday-school teacher teaches more by 
what she is than by what she says. The real purpose 
of the Sunday school is to train workers for the church. 

In the evening we were favored with an address by 
Bro. Fitzwater on " Qualifications of a 'Sunday-school 
Teacher." Many helpful hints were given. 

New Year's morning we met in special service, to pre- 

pare us for the blessings of the day. Brethren J. J. An- 
glemyer, A. B. Horst and D. G. Berkebile presented 
many beautiful thoughts. 

The excellent address was given by Bro. Flory on 
" The Psychology of Sunday-School Teaching." And 
thus the work by the different speakers was continued. 

The Sunday-school Institute of Northwestern Ohio 
was a decided success. As we enter upon the various 
duties of 1909, our prayer is that every Sunday-school 
worker may have a greater anxiety for souls, and a 
burning desire to do more and better work for Jesus. 

Nevada, Ohio, Jan. 5. Laura A. Cook. 


We have passed through some severe trials. Seven 
years ago my father, Henry P. Garber, the only minister 
here, was called from his earthly labors, and since that 
time we have had no resident minister. The brethren 
who have been laboring for us since then, have done 
all they could do to build up the cause, but we needed 
a minister located here. Now Bro. Wm. Hatcher and 
family, of Marion, are with us for a year at least. We 
feel very much encouraged. 

Our little band has again and again been reduced in 
numbers by death, until but few of us are left. Fifty- 
seven years ago two young sisters, with their families, 
settled near Portland. The husbands were not members, 
but these faithful sisters called for meetings, and kept 
calling, until a church was organized, a Sunday school 
started and finally a churchhouse was built. At one time 
this little church numbered nearly eighty members. 

The other day, when my mother was laid to rest, the 
last of those two sisters passed away from earth. The 
other one preceded her about two years ago. The bur- 
den of mother's heart was the church. It had been her 
burden all these years. She was a faithful helpmeet to 
my father, who gave himself, his means, and all his years 
in the ministry, to the little church here at Portland. 

Scarcely "known outside of their own little circle, these 
two, assisted by the brethren and sisters, did more than 
they knew. They builded for themselves a monument 
more lasting than marble. The beauty of their lives has 
been engraved on the hearts of the people. 

Portland, Ind., Jan. 6. Mary Garber. 


Eld. Nicholas Martin, a well-known elder of. the Church 
of the Brethren, died Jan. 6, after a brief illness 
of two weeks, from Bright's disease and pneumonia, 
about five miles west of Hagerstown, Md., aged about 
eighty-one years. 

Eld. Martin was born near Mercersburg, Pa., received 
his education in the common schools, and spent nearly 
all his life in farming. He married in 1858, Miss Bar- 
bara A. Neibert. To them were born seven children. 
Surviving are his wife and five daughters. Shortly aft- 
er marriage he .united with the church, and in 1863 was 
called to the ministry. He was a consistent and faith- 
ful member until the end. He loved the church of his 
choice and its cause, and made many sacrifices of financial 
interests and home comforts in the work of the minis- 
try. Many were the times that he rode horseback forty 
and fifty miles in one day, over the mountains, to-attend 
or officiate at a funeral or religious services. He was 
elder in charge of the Broadfording-Welsh Run congre- 
gation for about twenty-five years. With the assistance 
of his colaborers it is now one of the most loyal churches 
of the East. 

Services were conducted in the Broadfording church 
by Elders Rowland, Foltz and Hicks, his colaborers (the 
other ministers of the congregation are relatives). In- 
terment in the cemetery adjoining. There were twenty- 
one ministers in attendance at the funeral. Nearly six 
hundred persons viewed the corpse in the church before 
burial, giving evidence of the high esteem in which he 
was held. A. B. Barnhart. 

Hagerstown, Md„ Jan. 10. 


Recently the statement was made in the Messenger 
that at the love feast at Reedley about ten visiting min- 
isters were present. We had that number of visiting 
members, — not ministers. There is by no means an over- 
supply of ministers in .this part of California, especially 
at Reedley. 

We have with us, at present, the aged veteran, Eld. 
Samuel Haldeman, once an active elder in Northern 
Illinois, later of Morrill, Kansas. He is now in his eighty- 
ninth year, but his mind is as active and clear as many 
minds at forty, though his power of speech is impaired. 
During the past ten years he has been able to preach but 
little. He and his companion have journeyed together up- 
wards of sixty-seven years, and we realize that they can- 
not be with us many years longer. In their presence and 
life is a real benediction. God bless them! 

Another veteran of the cross at Reedley is Bro. Jacob 
Holdcrman, who is not as active as in former years, but 
preaches occasionally. 

Among those of us, younger in years, our colaborer, 

Eld. I. F. Betts, has moved a distance of twelve miles 
from Reedley, which leaves the greater part of the min- 
istration in our two preaching services, each Sunday, 
devolving upon the writer. Another monthly appoint- 
ment, six miles distant, is also sustained. The two ad- 
joining churches, at Laton and Raisin, twenty-five miles 
distant, have only a fair supply of active, workers in the 
ministry. But the field is large and it can well be said, 
"The harvest is great, the laborers few." Shall we not 
pray the Lord for more workers in this harvest field? 
Reedley, Cal., Jan. 7. D. L. Forney. 


" Wha 

t therefore God has joiuet 

loKetht-r. let not man put asunder.'' 

MurrlniTO notices should 

lie accompnnk'd by 50 conts. 

Keimeciy-Hayiies. — By the writer, at the bride's residence. 
DeKalb Co.. Ind., Jan. G, 1909, Enoch L. Kennedy, of ELdora, 
Iowa, and Clara E. Haynes, of Garrett, Ind. 

J. W. Kitson. 

Kinzie-Pry. — At the home of the bride's parents on the 
evening of Dec. 24, 1908, by the undersigned, Bro. Frank 
Kinzie. of the Burr Oak congregation, Ivans., and Sister Delia 
Fry, of the Belleville congregation, Kans. J. C. G-roff. 

Ridenour-Muminert. — At the home of the bride's parents, 
Brother and Sister E. M. Burns, by Bro. Thos. Allan, Dec. 
27, 1908, Mr. Wfllard H. Rklenour. of Logansport, Ind., and 
Sister Lottie A. Mummert, of York. N. Dak. Bertha Allan. 



"Blessed are the dead \ 

■hich die in the Lord." 

Alders, Sister Martha, died in the bounds of the Green 
Mount congregation, Va.. Dec. 23, 190S, aged 57 years. Serv- 
ices at the Pine Grove church by Eld. J. A. Garber, assisted 
by Bro. B. B. Miller. Text, 2 Cor. 5: 1. L. Katie Ritchie. 

Bardell, Sister Catharine E., nee Brown, wife of Bro. Chas. 
I. Bardell, born in Julian, Center Co., Pa., Aug. 6, 1S71, died 
Dec. 27, 1908, in the bounds of the Lost Creek congregation, 
near Pfoutz Valley, Perry Co., Pa., of pneumonia, aged 37 
years, 4 months and 21 days. She Is survived by husband. 
Ave sons and four daughters. The eldest son and daughter 
are members of the Church of the Brethren. The family has 
been afflicted more or less for some time. Sister Bardell 
was anointed. Services by Bro. "Wm. B. Zimmerman, from 
Rev. 21: 9. Interment In the Oriental cemetery. 

John S. Showers. 

Bashore, Sister Mary, nee Htttle, born in Miami County, 
Ohio. Sept. 9, 1833, died near Pleasant Hill, Ohio, aged 75 
years, 3 months and 14 days. She was married to John 
Bashore, and was a Christian mother of five sons and five 
daughters. She was preceded by her husband and one son. 
Services by Brethren D. D. Wine and George Mohler at the 
Pleasant Hill church. Text, Psa. 35: 14. Interment in Pleas- 
ant Hill cemetery. Mary "West. 

Beshoar, Sister Susan, nee Lawver, born at McAlistervIlle, 
Pa., Nov. 14, 1831, died suddenly of heart trouble at her 
home in Lena. 111., in the Waddams Grove congregation, Dec. 
28, 1903, aged 77 years, 1 month and 14 days. March 5, 18G3, 
she was married to Bro. Wm. Beshoar, after which they 
came to Illinois, settling on a farm near Nora, In Jo Daviess 
Co., at which place they resided until the death of the hus- 
band, In 1899. Sister Beshoar then moved to Lena with her 
two daughters, who survive her. Her husband and three sons 
preceded her. She was an active member in the Church of 
the Brethren since 18G4. Services by Bro. Peter Keltner. of 
Rockford, in the Chelsea church. Interment in the Chelsea 
cemetery. - Albert Myers. 

Bishop, Sister Tennie, born in Grainger Co., Tenn., Jan. 2, 
1886, died of lung trouble at the home of her brother, in 
Bent Co., Colo., Dec. 2G, 190S. aged 22 years, 11 months and 
26 days. One sister survives. Funeral at the cemetery by 
Bro. C. A. Shank, from Rev. 14: 13. W. D. Harris. 

Ci'ummet, Bro. Henry, of the Elk Run congregation, Va,, 
died at the home of his daughter. Sister Delilah Diehl, near 
Staunton, Va., Jan. 3, 1909, aged 7G years, 11 months and 29 
days. He was a consistent member of the Church of the 
Brethren for more than fifty years. He was the father of 
fifteen children, of whom eleven survive. His wife preceded 
him almost eight years. Services at Rocky Spring Presby- 
terian church by Bro. D. C. Zigler from 2 Kings 20: 1. Inter- 
ment in cemetery' near by. Sarah C. Zigler. 

Fisher, Fanny Lucile. daughter of Bro. Wm. D. and Sister 
Ida Fisher, of Baltic, Ohio, born Oct, 30, 1908, died Nov. 6, 
1908. She leaves father, mother and one adopted sister' 
Services by the writer. m. H. Sliutt. 

Garst, Sister Sarah, died near Salem, Va,, in the bounds of 
the Peters Creek congregation, Va., Dec. 20, 1908, aged 84 
years and 11 months. Deceased was a zealous and devoted 
member of the Church of the Brethren for a number of years. 
She is survived by three sons and one daughter. Services at 
the home by the writer from Psa. 119: 71. D. C. Naff. 

Hathaway, Lucian, son of Nathan and Hannah Hathaway, 
born In Lake County, Ohio, Aug. 3, 1835, died at his home, 
Garrett, Ind., Dec. 27, 1908, aged 73 years, 4 months and 
24 days. He was married to Elizabeth Swanders Sept. 27, 
1866, who died July 7, 1893. To this union were born eight 
children, five of whom survive. He was a member of the 
Church of the Brethren for many years, and received the 
anointing some time before his death. Services by Eld. D. E. 
Hoover, from Isa. 3: 10, 11. Interment in Union cemetery. 

Verda B. Haynes. 

Hershey, Bro. , born in Pennsylvania, Feb. 11, 1828, 

died in Arkansas Jan. 1, 1909, aged SO years, 10 months and 
20 days. When six years old he moved, with his parents, to 
Ohio, where he lived sixty-one years', and then removed to 
Arkansas in 1895. He was married twice, his first wife being 
Miss Rachel Gilbert, to which union was born one son and 
one daughter, the latter preceding her father in death. His 
first wife died Jan. 16, 1SG4. His second marriage was with 
Rachel J. Wassam. To this union were born two sons and 
two daughters, the entire family being members of the 
church. Bro. Hershey became a member of the Brethren 
church about ten years ago. His companion and four children 
survive. Services by the writer, from Isa. 64: 6. 

W. S. Watts. 

Hire, Catherine Ann, wife of Leonard Hire, born in Mont- 
gomery County, Ohio, Nov. 23. 1830, died In the bounds of 
the Blanchard church, Putnam Co., Ohio, Sept. 22, 1908, 
aged 77 years, 9 months and 29 days. She was married to 
Leonard Hire Sept. li, 1856. To them were born two sons 
and two daughters. She leaves husband, two sons and one 
daughter. She was a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren. Services from the South Poplar Ridge church by 
Bro. John Flory, assisted by the writer. Interment in the 
South Poplar Ridge cemetery. Harry Fuller. 

Hostetler, Bro. George, died in the bounds of the Middle 
Creek church, Pa,, Dee. 29, 1908, aged 75 years. He was mar- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 


ried twice, his first wife being Mary Spicker, to which union 
six children were born, all surviving him. His second wife 
was Leah Shaulis. to which union three children were born. 
two having preceded him. He was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren for a number of years. Services in. the 
Sipesville church. Interment in the cemetery near by. 



Macbomar, Libbie, died Oct. 20, 190S, 
some months, at the home of Samuel KofCinan, where she had 
been living for several years, in the bounds of the "Warriors 
Mark congregation, Huntingdon Co., Pa., aged 71 years. She 
was a consistent member of the Church of the Brethren for 
many years. She loved the church and the people of God. 
She "will be greatly missed by the church. She was anointed 
a few months before her death. Services by Eld, W. J.-Swl- 
gart of Huntingdon, assisted by Bro. C. O. Beery, of Tyrone, 
and 'the writer. S. S. Gray. 

Meyera, Sarah Ellen, nee Whitemore, born Feb. 19, 1860. 
died at Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 4, 1909, aged 4S years, 10 
months and 15 days. She was married to John Meyers Aug. 
1G, 1S88, to which union were born three sons and one 
daughter, the daughter and one son having preceded her in 
death. She has been a constant sufferer for five years. Serv- 
ices at the Indian Creek church by Mr. L. N. Day of the 
Evangelical church, assisted by Bro. Flora. The text. Matt 
11: 28-30, was her own selection. Husband and two sons 
survive. Walter L. Troup. 

Hinuioh," Bro. Jacob, born In Franklin County, Pa.. FebT 5, 
1822, died at the home of his son David, near Lightsville, 
Ohio, Jan. 1, 1909, aged 86 years, 10 months and 26 days. 
When he was twelve years old, he emigrated with his parents 
to Ohio. Dec. 26, 1847, he was united in marriage to Anna 
Longanecker. To this union were born twelve children. 
Three sons and two daughters preceded him. He, with his 
wife, united with the Church of the Brethren in the spring 
of 1849. After his wife's death, in 1882, he spent his latter 
years with his children. He leaves one brother and seven 
sons. Services by Brethren B. F. Sharp" and S. W. Blocher. 
at Poplar Grove church. Interment in the Snell cemetery. 

Cora Bollinger. 

Mosholder, Sister Rose Ann, wife of Jonathan Mosholder. 

deceased, died near Berlin, Somerset Co., Pa., Dec. 30. 1908. 

aged 65 years, 5 months and 15 days. She was a consistent 

member of the Church of the Brethren for forty-seven years 

and remained firm to the end. She was found dead in her 

bed. Services in the Berlin Progressive churclihouse by the 

I writer, assisted by David Flora, Progressive. Interment in 

; Berlin cemetery. D. H. Walker.' 

Fenny-packer, Bro. Norman, son of J. Stauffer and Katie 

Pennypacker, died of typhoid fever Jan. 3, 1909, at his home 

at Parkersford, Pa„ aged 23 years and 10 days. He was an 

earnest church worker and one of our Sundav-school teachers. 

Services Jan. 7. by the writer, assisted by Eld. J. P. Hetric. 

| Text, John 14: 2. T. R. Coffman. 

Pierson, Bro. James H., born in Miami County, Ohio, July 

I 7, 1857, died in the bounds of the Mississinewa congregation, 

Delaware Co., Ind., Jan. 5, 1909, aged 51 years, 5 months and 

2S days. March 6, 1878, he was united in marriage" with 

Amanda Gump, to which union one son and two daughters 

.were born. In June, 1879, he united- with the Church of the 

Brethren. In June. 1SS4, he was elected to the office of 

t deacon. Feb. 2.0, 1908, he was stricken with paralysis, as 

Ehe was leaving the Union Grove church. From this he 

never fully recovered, and was smitten by another stroke a 

few days before his death. He received the anointing. He 

-leaves wife, one son, twin daughters, mother, one half- 

fibrother and two stepsisters. Services by Eld. John G. Rarick, 

assisted by Eld. J. W. Rarick. Text, Job 14: 14. 

John F. Shoemaker. 
Bidenour, Lydia, wife of Bro. Geo. Ridenour, near Maurer- 
town, Va., died Dec. 29, 1908, aged 55 years, 3 months and 25 
idays. She is survived by her husband, six brothers and one 
'sister. She had been ill for about six weeks. Services in the 
4 Valley Pike church by -Mr. D. H. Rhodes, of the Christian 
.church, of which" she was a member for a number of years. 
^Interment in the church cemetery. S. J. Shaver. 

Roberson, Sbowalter, died in the Mill Creek congregation 
Rockingham Co., Va., Dec. 23, 1908. aged 73 years, 5 months 
[and 5 days. He became a member of the Church of the Breth- 
[ren twenty-four years ago. He leaves wife, three sons and 
; one daughter. Services by Brethren Joseph Pence and C. E. 
[Long. Text, 2 Cor. 5: 1. j. p. DIehl. 

Rohm, Bro. Hiram F., born in Fulton County, Pa., in 1823, 
,died in the Everett congregation, Everett, Pa., at the home of 
his daughter, Mrs. Mary E. Knisley, Jan. 8. 1909, aged 85 
years, 6 months and 6 days. Jan. 21, 1845, he was married to 
Charlotte Ensley. To this union nine children were born. 
Deceased united with the Church of the Brethren a number 
of years ago, and remained faithful until death. Services at 
Bethel church by Eld. J. S. Hershberger and Bro. Wm. 
Interment In the cemetery near by. 

H. W. Simmons. 

Shattuck, Annie Elizabeth, stepdaughter of Bro. John Cones, 

and daughter of Sister Luanna Cones, of Norwood, Mo, born 

■ April 25, 1903, died Jan. 5, 1909, of typhoid fever, aged 5 

years, 8 months and 10 days. Her father preceded her to the 

j spirit world. Services by the writer at the home of Brother 

I ™ Slster Cones, from James 4 : 14. Interment In the 

Thomas cemetery, one and one-half miles north of Norwood. 

N. A. Duncan. 

Stonebumer, Eld. Jesse W., born in Hocking County, Ohio, 

. 1-eb. 9. 1S50, died at his home in the bounds of the Pleasant 

Dale church, Ind., Jan. 9, 1909, aged 5S years and 11 months 

.- Bro. Jesse suffered for eleven long months with a compllca- 

. I 1 ??. leases. He was married to Sarah R. Kisler Aug. 27, 

I £874. To this union were born ten children, of whom three 

preceded him. He leaves a beloved wife, three sons and four 

daughters. Bro. Stonebumer united with the Church of the 

T.n-thron Oct. 2, 1893, was elected to the ministry Sept. 28, 

, iay4, advanced to the second degree in February, 1S97 or- 

damed to the eldership May 23, 1S99. He lived a devoted 

Lhristian life. Services by Eld. D. B. Garber. Interment in 

tne Pleasant Dale cemetery. Murl E. Fulk. 

Warner, Christine, wife of Louis Warner, born in Oakland. 
Md., died at the home of her cousin, in the bounds of the 
i'airvlew church, Southern Michigan, Dec. 22, 1908 aged 56 
years. Services at the M. E. church by Mr. J. T. Pope, of 
AUtamora, Ohio, assisted by Bro. Perry McKlmmy. Text 
-s -tim. l: 12, "I know whom I have believed." 

Lulu McKimmy. 

n,T 1 ? , ,^ ra , F ^V hushtei ' ° f Isaac WiIson and wife, born 
iJec. 19, 1907, died Dec. 29, 1908, in the West Goshen church, 

inS"*i Se J year and 10 days " She leaves ^ther. mother 
hv nr« 6 V i°? he i?' tW ° sisters an<* two halfsisters. Services 
M n *f ?'• a Vin Huber ' at the West Goshen Church. Text, 

™ III M - Mitchell. 

trmTnT ^tT' f '^L A . raanda - n ^e Whistler, died of heart 
Ohio LS «" 190 V n the Nortn Bend cl,urch - Knox Co., 
?o Eln^ y w"; S m ° ntha Snd U da >' a - She was married 

; Eld. James Workman April 7, 1875, to which union were 


born thi 

Sk*™** B r°- A ' *" H eesta 'nd from°Heb. 11 
~- rchhouse. Interment in cemetery at North Liberty 

_.„. „ U. C. Workman. 

ZieS^f nin^ Sa1 ^' d , au & htei - <* Brother and Sister Daniel 

Interment in Denton cemetery. 

Debora King. 

from 1 Cor. 13: 

For the Student of Church History 

A History of the Brethren in Virginia 

By D. H. Zigler. 

An elegantly-bound, well-written volume of 278 pages, 

with GU illustrations and a map showing where the Breth- 
ren live, the division of the State into districts, etc. 

The book gives a brief account of the organization of 
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south from Pennsylvania, and a concise record of the Breth- 
ren in Virginia from the first settlement to the present. 

The early missionary activity, the origin of district meet- 
ing, how the slavery problem was handled, and the experi- 
ences during the Civil War, make a fascinating story, yet 
it is based on letters and documents of that day. There- 
fore it is positively authentic. 

"I am delighted with the book," "It should be in ev- 
ery member's home," are some of the kind words written of 
the work. 

Price, per copy, prepaid, $i 50 

History of the Brethren 

By Prof. Martin G. Brumbaugh, A. M., Ph. D. 

In the introduction to this work the author says, "Next 
to the Bible the most valuable possession of the church is 
a careful record of its own activities. Our policy as a church 1 
needs the fibre and strength that comes from a clear per- 
spective into the past. Were we able to line up the whole/L 
church from the beginning and study our development froml^H ^. 

a simple beginning to the present we could all the mo " 
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List of charter members in many churches of the colo 
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The introduction is written by Prof, M. G. Brum- 
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dresses is the .work of Eld. D. L. Miller. The book 
is embellished with Twenty-five Full-page Photo- 
gravure Effect Portraits. 

These illustrations consist, for the most part, 
of portraits of the speakers who delivered the Bi- 
centennial Addresses at the Des Moines Annual Con- 
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ness of the five men composing the Bicentennial 
Program Committee. 


The book is printed on good stock and substan- 
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Price, m artistic cloth, $1 50 

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The Olive Branch of Peace and Good Will to Men 

By S. F. Sanger and D. Hays. 

An Anti-War History of the Brethren and Mennonitcs, 
the Peace People of the South during the Civil War of 1 

From Preface of Book. 

"Upon the whole, the object in publishing this little 
volume especially as it relates to the Civil War is three- 
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Huntingdon, Pa. 

This book will be in demand as a book of reference for 
years to come. Bound in cloth. 335 pages. 

Price, prepaid 




THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 23, 1909. 

{Concluded from Page 61.) 
Philadelphia Bethany Mission (3255 Kensington Avenue). — 
On Christmas Day a number of our young people made thirty 
calls among their Sunday-school scholars, the aged and the 
sictc, giving them a few words of greeting. They also sang 
and had prayer. Most of those who made the calls have been 
Christians for only a short time, and in this experience they 
have been made to realize that it pays to be a Christian. We 
have organized a young people's meeting, in which these 
young members are taking an active part. They are also 
taking a deep interest in their Sunday-school classmates, en- 
deavoring to bring them to Christ, and, to a gratifying ex- 
tent, they are succeeding. Our hearts are filled with joy be- 
cause of their earnestness. — Mrs. Sallle B. Schnell, 1906 N\ 
Park Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.. Jan. 8. 

Rending - .— On Monday evening. Jan. 11, we met in council, 
with Eld. Edward Wenger presiding. A large volume of busi- 
ness was disposed of. Bro. Jacob Neff was elected a solicitor 
for Brethren publications. A new corps of officers for the 
Christian Workers was elected for the ensuing quarter. — 
Henry H. Moyer, 834 North Sixth Street, Reading, Pa., Jan. 

Springrrflle church met in council on the afternoon of Jan. 
4. Eld. John Herr presided. Sunday-school officers were 
elected. Bro. Reuben M. Hertzog is our superintendent. All 
business passed off pleasantly. Three letters were granted 
and two received. Jan. 13 one was baptized. Twelve appli- 
cants await baptism. A series of meetings will commence 
Jan. 30 at the Springvllle house to be conducted by Bro. 
Henry Sonon.— Aaron R. Gibbel, R. P. 2, Ephrata, Pa., Jan. 13. 
Tyrone church met in council Jan. 7, with our elder, C. O. 
Beery, presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. W. F. Bilger superintendent. Since our last report one 
was received by confession and was baptized. We expect Bro. 
Frank Bilger to hold a series of meetings in the near future. 
Our Sunday school is progressing nicely. — Clara Stapleton, 
Tyrone, Pa., Jan. 11. 

TJpper Cumberland church met in council at Huntsdale Jan. 
9. Eld. John Games presided. Bro. Harry Miller was re- 
elected superintendent of the Sunday schooL We have an 
evergreen school. One certificate was granted and six re- 
ceived. — A. A. Evans, Carlisle, Pa., Jan. 12. 

West Greentree. — We recently held a series of meetings at _ 
Rheems. Bro. William Mlnnich, of Ohio, was with us, and 
preached for us every evening for two weeks in the English 
language. During these meetings one confessed Christ. Dec. 
26 a protracted meeting was opened at Green tree, and con- 
tinued two weeks. Bro. Alfred Gingrich, of the Spring 
Creek congregation, preached every evening in the German 
language. Four came out on the Lord's side, while some 
seemed almost persuaded. In both places the, attendance and 
Intefest were good. — S. R. McDannel. Elizabethtowh, Pa., Jan. 


Pleasant Hill. — Eld. Jesse D. Clark, of Jonesboro, came to 
this place and began a series of meetings, being assisted by 
Bro. J. C. Jones, of Bristol: also the home ministers. The 
meetings continued with two services each day until Jan. 4. 
Three were received by baptism, and two await the rite. The 
church is greatly strengthened spiritually. — Samuel H. Garst, 
Blountville, Term., Jan. 11. 

Pleasant View church met in council Jan. 9. with J. S. 
Clark as elder. Brethren Daniel Bowman and A. M. Laughrun 
gave us some very good admonition. Bro. Thomas Bell was 
reelected as church clerk, and the writer was also reelected 
as church correspondent.— N. T. Larimer, R, D, 3, Jonesboro, 
Tenn., Jan. 9. 


Manvel. — Bro. Noah Brubaker began a series of meetings 
on Christmas Day, and closed Jan. 3. Good interest prevailed 
and much good seed was sown. Bro. Brubaker left here for 
Ganado. Texas, where he will preach for some isolated mem- 
bers. We expect aTO. John Stump, of Miami, Texas, to 
preach for us Jan. 7 and S, while on his way to Cuba. — Lydia 
M. Moore, Manvel, Texas, Jan. 6. 


Iiinville Creek church met In quarterly council Jan. 2. Five 
letters of membership were given. During the year twenty- 
six members moved their membership, seven of whom died. 
Six were restored to membership; nineteen were received by 
baptism and sixteen by letter. We now hove a membership 
of five hundred to begin work In the new year. The Thanks- 
giving offering of $26 was divided. We sent J10 to the Gospel 
Messenger poor fund, and the remainder to the District Mis- 
sion. A collection of SI 6 was taken up to help pay the debt 
on a new church built in West Virginia at a preaching place 
called Bores schoolhouse. We sent a vote of thanks to the 
daily newspapers for removing all liquor advertisements from 
their papers. Two Sunday schools in this congregation, Bethel 
and LSnville Creek continue through the winter. There Is a 
growing sentiment among us in favor of evergreen Sunday 
schools. — Catherine R. Kline, R. D. 1, Box 3, Broadway, Va., 
Jan. 7. 

Mt. Vernon.— Dec. 15 Bro. Andrew Hutchison, of McPher- 
son, Kans., began a series of meetings for us, continuing 
until Dec. 31. He gave us fifteen inspiring Bible feasts. 
Jan. 4 we met in council, Eld. J. R. Kindig presiding. Two 
were received by letter. Bro. G. B. Flory was appointed 
solicitor for the Home Mission Board, — L. J. Loving, R D 1, 
Fishersville, Va,, Jan. 5. 

Pleasant Valley. — Eld. S. P. Reed, one of our home minis- 
ters, began a series of meetings at Duncans Chapel (a Metho- 
dist church), In the limits of the Pleasant Valley congrega- 
tion, Nov. 26, and closed Dec. 6. after having preached thir- 
teen sermons with one accession to the church. Dec. 6 Eld. 
A. N. Hylton and the writer commenced a .series of meetings 
at the Reedvllle church, another preaching point in this con- 
gregation, and closed Dec. 13. Nine services were held, with 
one conversion. We met in council Dec. 19. The business of 
the meeting was pleasantly disponed of. Dec. 20 we listened 
to a well-directed discourse, delivered by Bro. S. P Reed 
Eld. Wyatt Reed preached on Sunday night. On Christmas 
we distributed presents to our Sunday-school pupils This 
was much enjoyed by all.— Michael Reed, R. D. 3 Box 31 
Floyd, Va., Jan. 4. 

Bedoak Grove church met in council Jan, 9, Eld. J. F. Keith' 
presiding. Five letters of membership were granted'. The 
amount of J2.15 was raised for our part of some subdlstrict 
mission work. Brethren C. E, Williams and S. G Spangler 
preached for us on Sunday morning. — Ella Bowman R D 
5, Box 44, Floyd, Va., Jan. 11. 


Mt. Hope church met in council Dec. 26, at the home of 
Bro. G. R. Hixson, with Bro. J. O. Streeter presiding. Bro 
D. M. Click, of Tekoa, is- to he our elder for the coming year 
with Bro Streeter to act as foreman in the absence of Bro' 
Click. We expect Bro. Smith, of Nebraska, to conduct a 
series of meetings in Chewelah, some time during the sum- 
mer. The writer was chosen Messenger correspondent, We 
reorganized our Sunday school Dec, 27, with Bro Arthur 
Roper, superintendent. Bro. J. S. Secrist, of Olvmpla, will 

come to us about Feb. IE and hold a few weeks' meetings 

Pearl Hixson, Chewelah, Wash., Jan. 6. 

Seattle church met in council Jan. 2. Much business rela- 
tive to church erection and equipment was disposed of, Bro. 
J. A. Gump, recently from Indiana, was chosen as elder for 
one year. Other church officers were reelected. Our Sunday 
school reorganized with Bro. W. H, Kensinger. superintendent 
The last quarter's report showed an average attendance of 

twenty-five, with a total contribution for the quarter amount- 
ing to SG-i.15, One cluss, with an average attendance of four 
scholars, contributed S22.0S. Since our last council nine have 
been added to the church by letter.- -F. F. Dull, Station B, 
Seattle, Wash., Jan. 6. 

Sunnyaido church met in regular council Jan. 2, with Eld. 
D. B. Eby presiding. All business passed off pleasantly. Bro. 
Eby was chosen elder for the ensuing year. Sunday-school 
officers were also chosen. At the close of our business ses- 
sion Bro. Jacob A. Eby and wife were advanced to the second 
degree of the ministry. Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson and wife, of 
Centralia, Wash., were with us. Jan. 3 Bro. Stiverson com- 
menced a series of meetings, to continue indefinitely. The 
interest and attendance have been good, and we hope to ac- 
complish much good through these efforts. — Maude Eby, 
Sunnyside, Wash., Jan. 7. - , 


Sandy Creek. — We met in council Jan. 2, our elder, Jere- 
miah Thomas, presiding. Considerable business came before 
the meeting. Missionary solicitors were appointed for the 
year, and the writer, church correspondent. Besides the 
regular work In the different departments, we have had some 
special services. The Thanksgiving offering was turned over 
to the Brooklyn Mission. Our Sunday school is evergreen 
this winter for the first. Christian Workers' meeting is 
progressing nicely.^-Chester A. Thomas, Clifton Mills, W. 
Va., Jan. 9. 

Spruce if iiu church met in council Jan. 9. Bro. L. C. Coff- 
man was with us. He remained with us over Sunday and 
gave three good sermons, — Saturday evening. Sunday morn- 
ing and Sunday afternoon. Bro. Hutchison is again able to 
be at church. — Lena B. Fleshman, Llndside, W. Va., Jan. 12. 


Grenola church convened in members' meeting Jan. 
3. Sister Ida Logsdon was chosen as Sunday-school 
superintendent. Sister Grace Schul is president of the 
, Chris tan Workers' meeting. We decided to give our 
Sunday-school collections to missions, one-half to go to 
the world-wide fund and the other half to 'home mission 

The district Bible Normal, held here by Bro. W. O. 
Bcckner, was a grand success. It was a great help to all 
in attendance. These Bible schools ought to be attend- 
ed by every elder, minister and Sunday-school worker in 
the district in which the school is held. They are of un- 
told value to local churches. 

Besides conducting the study of Acts, Bro. Beckner 
taught a Teacher-Training Class. He also gave lectures on 
Sunday-school work and other subjects, among which 
was the temperance question. This alone was worth 
the entire cost of the school. 

The committee is ready to receive applications from 
churches desiring the Normal next fall or winter. Send 
your applications either to Bro. F. G. Edwards, Chanute, 
Kans., Bro. C. A. Miller, Westphalia, Kans., or the 
writer. Please state the time preferred, and whether 
board and lodging will be free or not. Let us not de- 
lay to take up this matter, so that we can arrange for the 
next' Normal at an early date. Let us begin to plan 
NOW to attend the next Normal. The applications for 
the term for 1910 must be made to next district meet- 
ing. (See Minutes of last district meeting.) 

Grenola, Kans., Jan. 12. George Eller. 


Eld. D. F. Sink, of Lenox, Iowa, came to us Dec. 18, 
and began a series of meetings, closing on Sunday, Jan 
9. He preached twenty-one sermons to large congre- 
gations. The interest was good from the first. 

Twenty-five were received by baptism, .eight restored, 
and four more await the rite of baptism. Of" this num- 
ber about half are fathers and mothers; the others are 
young people. Our members have been much built up. 

On Friday evening, Jan. 7, we held a communion serv- 
ice especially for our new converts. Seventy-two mem- 
bers assembled around the Lord's table. Elder Sink 
officiated, assisted by Bro. A. Leedy, of N. St. Joseph, 
he being the only visiting minister present besides Bro. 
Sink. This being a special communion, our adjpining 
churches were not represented, but with our small body 
of members we enjoyed a feast of love. 

Friday evening, Jan. 1, we held a special council. As 
Bro. Geo. Clemens, our elder, for this year, is now in 
New Mexico, and will not return for some time, Bro. 
I. H. Crist of Kansas City, Kans., was reelected as our 
elder in charge. Brethren E. N. Huffman and E. O. 
Lowe were elected to the deacon's office. Brother and 
Sister Huffman have returned to this place, -and are now 
assisting in the mission work. Sister Noah, our Sunday- 
school missionary, is doing a good work. Our workers, 
as a whole, are laboring in the spirit that is bound to 
bear fruit in season. J. W. Garrett. 

315 Massachusetts Avenue, Jan. 10. 


At the old- " Mother Church," Germantown, Pa., there 
will be unveiled Jan. 24, at 2:30 P. M., a tablet in mem- 
ory of Bro. Peter Keyser, a leading minister of German- 
town and Philadelphia, from 1815 to the time of his death, 
in 1S49. This tablet is the gift of Mrs. T. R. Alexander,' 
of Brooklyn, N. Y., a granddaughter of Bro. Peter Key- 
ser. The presenting of the tablet to the church will be 
done by Thomas A. Alexander, a great-grandson of Bro. 
Peter Keyser, and received, on behalf of the church, by 
the present pastor of the old " Mother Church." Dr. 
M. G. Brumbaugh will give an address on the life of 
Bro. Peter Keyser. M. C. Swigart. 

6611 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Finest of the Wheat 

Number Three 

Edited by George D. Elderkin, Assisted 
by Wrri. J. Kirlcpatrick-^G. W. Elderkin, C. 
C. McCabe, H. L. Gilmonr and F. A. Hardin. 

A collection of over 250 songs gleaned 
from the great harvest field of Gospel songs. 
A book that will give entire satisfaction. 
Highly commended by Sunday-school chor- 
isters and leaders of evangelistic services. 
Contains a large number of new songs and 
a few of the old standard church hymns. 
The book also contains the " Ten Com- 
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than a score of carefully selected scriptures 
for use as responsive reading. 

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Sample copy, postpaid, $ .25 

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Booklet containing Specimen Pages sent 
on request. 

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Elgin, Illinois 


Real Issue Post Cards 

A lithographic reproduction of the window 
poster used so effectually in recent Local Option 
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a boy and a girl; all in colors. Printed in red 
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Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 48. 

Elgin, III., January 30, 1909. 

No. 5. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. child. Then, too, children are thus forced, in many 

Editorial, — instances, to associate with vile and evil companions. 

av^e°'^uSwoumil^::\:\\'.::.'.:'.':.'::.:::'.'.''.'^A It is proposed to establish a bureau which will an- 

Advertising (HB. b.) 73 d Q:iVor t bring about needed National and State legis- 

Therefore Get Money (G. M. ), n ° » 

in the Rush of Life , 71 lation in behalf of the children, assuring' to them am- 

ChuYch Statistics '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '. '.'.'..'.'.'.'. V. ... .'. ..... 74 pie school privileges, and freedom from oppressively 

^S.'SSSSSS iiiiV ::::::::::::::::::::::: :?« confinin s labor u p to the age of six teen. . 

The Joy of Salvation. By j. e. Miner, 66 - In this land of many churches, and various creeds 

The Faith of Our Fathers. Ev Justvis H. Cltne 66 , , ,. £ . . . . . . 

True Happiness By Kathan Martin 66 and beliefs, almost anything, no matter how absurd, 

The Mote and the Beam l By b. b. Oarber, G7 ma be expectec i but the recent report that a church 

The Farm or the City, Which? By A. V. Sager .67 , 

Our Good Resolutions. By John w. Miller es has been started at Baltimore, Md., composed of one 

How Shall I Prepare for My Life-work? By Cora B. , , , . . . ,. . 

Price es hundred saloonkeepers, is somewhat astonishing-. 

"^n^-^.'?^*^^^ Fred R 1<urtz ' the minister of this unique congrega- 

Bebaptism. By David Metzier, 69 tion, explains that their chief aim will be to oppose 

Tbo Bound Table,— prohibition and kindred issues. Of all strange, con- 

Godly Sorrow.— J. S. Flory. The Communion Service.— r . , 

e. b. Hofc. "Sing it off." — a. s. Hershey. Arise and tradictory and incongruous things, this is, perhaps, the 

Oo H N Kerr. Another Instance of God's Care. — G. TI - , ,, 

Wiiford Robinson 70 most preposterous. How very far from . the true 

Home and Family,-' 'd ea a "d conception of a church such an organization 

Let well Enough Alone.— Elizabeth d. Rosenberger, ..7i must be, when it deliberately espouses the exaltation 

Missionary Department,— f f- ne liq UO r traffic, and discourages the efforts of 

England Invaded fey Buddhists. The Sad Condition of , .- - , .. . , t( 

the Russian church. How the Korean christian Mem- others m behalf of temperance. Woe unto them that 

orized Scripture. The Modern Pharisee. Heathen Re- ,, ■, , . , ■, >, 

liglons Afford No Comfort. Special Bible Term at t,m ev " g ouu > dnu gO" u - <-Vll. 

Bethany.— L. H. Eby. The Texas Mission Field. — N. F. 

Bruhaker. Mission Work in the South. — D. P. Welch. , , - , , , .. , . , . 

special Bible Term at Mt. Morris, in.— g. l. Fruit. Many of our readers who have listened with keen 

The work in. southern Ill inois.— w. h. shun, . . ...?fi delight to the whaling experiences of Bro. George D. 

Zollers, will perhaps be interested in the fact that 
whaling as a business is practically a thing of the 
past. This year the Arctic whaling fleet will not sail 
out of San Francisco, and it is hardly likely that it 
will ever sail again, — so we are told by those familiar 
with the situation. A plentiful supply of whalebone 
on hand, and the numerous substitutes invented, make 
the demand for whaling products less active from year 
to year. At best the profits of whaling are no longer 
sufficiently large, in comparison to the risk and labor 
involved. With the passing of the old-time whaler, 
another of the picturesque chapters of our industrial 
life is closed, but not a few of the old seafarers will 
sincerely regret it. 

The old saying that "birds of a feather'will flock 
together," is being verified by a movement on the part 
of cigar and cigarct makers, to join in with the liquor 
dealers' associations in opposing further prohibitory 
legislation. It appears that in the States (hat have 
most effectually closed the saloons, there has been a 
most pronounced falling-off in sales of tobacco prod- 
ucts, resulting in a general outcry of the dealers. It 
is the old story of the "craft in danger," and there 
is an attempt to arouse action all along the line. Even 
those who raise tobacco are urged to join the crusade 
against prohibition. It appears that the liquor and 
tobacco interests are closely related and must, neces- 
sarily, help each other. 


Italy's recent calamity, as well as the lesson taught 
to America direct by the San Francisco earthquake, 
has emphasized anew the importance of having relief 
reserves on hand in every country, for immediate use. 
Ernest P. Bicknell, national director of the American 
Red Cross, is now organizing a department of do- 
mestic relief. It is planned that by this means efficient 
workers, as well as needed supplies, may be at once 
sent to any community stricken by fire, flood, railroad 
accident, mine explosion, or other sudden affliction. 
Already a number of the States have agreed to co- 
operate in this matter, and will thus be prepared to 
render immediate relief in any emergency. 

President Gomez, of Venezuela, is making earnest 
efforts to settle the various demands and claims, that 
have been urged against that country, not only by citi- 
zens of the United States, but also by those of other 
nations. As an indication of his willingness to do 
right, the President has already returned a fine of 
$5,000,000 wrongfully collected from the French Ca- 
ble Company. Friendly relations with France are now 
reestablished. Gomez is saying to the nations, whom 
his predecessor insulted and estranged, '" Let us have 
peace," and his evident desire for amicable relations 
with other countries is backed up by the promise of 
fair dealing. There is no surer way of maintaining 
peace than a disposition to give a " square deal " to 
all concerned. 

The responsibility of the United States to that sec- 
tion of its laboring class which is under fourteen years 
of age, was set forth vigorously and uncompromising- 
ly at the opening session of the fifth annual conference 
of the National Child Labor Committee, in Chicago, 
111., Jan. 21. Representative men and women of wide 
reputation addressed the gathering, and all were 
unanimous in their declaration that American children 
of school age must be protected frgm the mine and 
the factory. The fact was pointed out that the Gov- 
ernment is amply protecting our dumb animals, our 
commerce, and our "natural resources," and that the 
time has come when the well-being of our children 
must also be looked after. It may not be generally 
known that one out of every twenty children between 
the ages of ten and sixteen is working in a factory, 
coal mine or some other industry, — deprived of the 
advantages that are the God-given right of every 

The town of St. Albans, near London, England, is 
using a novel system for generating electricity, and 
incidentally it illustrates the possibility of putting the 
town refuse to practical account. The generating 
station uses no fuel except the refuse gathered 
throughout the town, and enough of this is secured to 
supply the plant with sufficient material to produce 
the desired current for light. As a result St. Albans 
has secured two important ends, — clean streets and an 
abundance of light. It shows what may be done by 
an intelligent administration of municipal affairs, and 
it affords a practical object lesson to the many cities 
and towns of this country which are struggling with 
a constantly increasing indebtedness. Corporations 
as well as individuals have yet to learn the lesson of 
making the most out of the, — too often despised, — 
resources at their command. 

A much-needed work for ex-convicts has been ac- 
complished by the Salvation Army, in establishing 
what are called " Hope Halls," where they can find a 
temporary home, protected from the curiosity of the 
idle and the attack of the vindictive. These " Halls," 
— there are three of them, — are big farmhouses, and 
one is near Chicago, one near New York, and one 
near Columbus, Ohio. To many of these men it is 
the first home they ever had, and just what that means, 
our readers, perhaps, can hardly imagine. The men 
who live at Hope Hall are happy in the simple life 
afforded them. They do their own housework, and 
tend to farm and garden. Coming directly from the 
penitentiary to the Hall, they avoid the many chances 
of relapsing into the old life of sin. The Hall simply 
means an excellent chance for a better life to them, 
and nearly all are determined to make the most of it. 

The religious head of Mohammedanism is Sheikh- 
ul-Islarn, who resides at Constantinople. In a recent 
proclamation, issued, no doubt, in conformity to the 
new order of things in Turkey, he admits the former 
atrocities of Turks against Christians, but says it was 
all clue to a lack of proper understanding. He says 
that the Koran does not authorize the term " infidel " 
to be applied to Christians, as had been done so gener- 
ally. Instead of all that, lie says, Christians should be 
called "Nazarenes" and considered as friends. He 
further says that while, in times past, political reasons 
might have led to excesses against Christians, all this 
is now done away with. He urges that all citizens of 
Turkey, irrespective of religious affiliation, work 
unitedly for the best interests of the country. The 
great leader's advice is commendable. 

Chicago obtains its water supply by means of tun- 
nels, constructed below the bottom of the lake, and 
far enough out to secure pure water. A construction 
company, in its work on one of these tunnels, had 
erected a wooden structure far out on the lake, from 
which they had sunk a deep shaft, and then pushed 
the tunnel work shoreward as well as in the opposite 
direction, farther out into the lake. A large force of 
men was quartered in this wooden structure, or crib, 
toiling by shifts, night and day, to dig beneath the 
surface, when, on the morning of Jan. 20, fire sud- 
denly broke out in the crib, leaving the unfortunate 
workers with scarcely a chance of escape. Before 
relief could reach them, and save a few of their num- 
ber, more than three score had perished in the flames, 
or found a watery grave in an endea'vor to escape. 
The sad occurrence emphasizes the great need of pro- 
viding more adequate protection for the many toilers 
who, at best, are in dangerous occupations. In some 
way there should be due provision made for them and 
their dependent families. 

Wireless telegraphy has again proved its great 
value in summoning assistance on the high seas. 
While several hundred miles from New York, Jan. 
23, the White Star line steamer Republic collided, 
during a heavy fog, with the Italian steamer Florida. 
Serious injury was done to the Republic, and help was 
immediately asked for by means of the wireless tele- 
graph on board. Meanwhile the passengers were safe- 
ly transferred to the less damaged Florida. Later in 
the day the Baltic succeeded in reaching the disabled 
ships, and took on board all the passengers, — 1,600 
in all. They reached New York on Monday, Jan. 25. 
So perfect was the discipline throughout the various 
experiences, that, with the exception of the six lives 
lost during the collision, no further lives were lost 
during the transfer and the final rescue. The Re- 
public, after a gallant attempt at salvage by officers 
and crew, finally sank beneath the waves. The Italian 
steamer will likely be able to reach port for needed 
repairs. Taken as a whole, the incident is said to be 
one of the most remarkable sea dramas of modern 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1909. 


"Studv to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that necdelh not 
to be ftshnmcd. rieliUy dividing the Word of 'truth." 


On the banks of Jor4an's river, . 

We will meet the boatman pale, 
He will come to take us ove,r, 

To our home within the vail. 
All our earthly joys now fail us, 

And the turbid waters roar. 
But the cheering prospect greets us, 

Soon we shall reach the other shore. 
Meet us, Savior, at the river, 

Drive the darkness all away, 
Take us up to light and glory, 

Where the night is turned to day. 

Though the night be dark and heavy, 

And we fear to launch away, 
Christ, our Savior, will go with us, 

Turn the darkness into day. 
Let us trust him, wholly trust him, 

While upon our pilgrim way. 
He will meet us at the river. 

Take us home with him to stay. — Cho. 

Then we'll sing the song of triumph, 

With the loved ones gone before, 
And with palms of victory waving, 

Our Redeemer we'll adore. 
There, beside the crystal river, 

In that land of light and song, 
We will find a home with Jesus, 

While the ages roll along. — Cho. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 


Life is full of joys. Some are small, others are 
large. Some may be shared in private, while others 
are of a public nature. In the nation there is joy 
when freedom is declared and secured, when war is 
followed by peace, when plague gives way to sanitary 
conditions again. There is joy when lovers are be- 
trothed, when they stand at the altar and, making 
their vows in public, become husband and wife, when 
they begin housekeeping, and when children come to 
bless their home. 

Perhaps the greatest joy comes when one is saved. 
You were on the train and there was a serious ac- 
cident, -but you were not hurt; there was joy. You 
were seriously ill; but recovered, and there was 
great joy in the home. When Sicily was being rocked 
in the cradle of the earthquake, many were lost, and 
the sorrow was great; but more were saved and the 
joy was equally great. But to be saved, — not from 
sickness, not from accident not from an earthquake ; 
not from present death, but to be saved from eter- 
nal death — that brings supreme joy. That was the 
joy that David was seeking in the fifty-first Psalm. 
That is the joy that you and I should seek. 

Before there can be joy of salvation, there must 
be salvation itself, from which the joy may spring. 
According to the Gospel we secure salvation by be- 
lieving in Jesus Christ, by repenting of,, our sins and 
by being baptized into the triune Godhead. Or, to 
put the whole process into one word, it is to obey. Not 
all who are saved experience this great joy. Paul 
speaks of some who may be saved as if by fire. Job 
had a very narrow escape when he says, " I am es- 
caped by the skin of my teeth." 

David had once experienced the joy of salvation 
and had lost it. That was why he asked the Lord to 
restore to him that joy. His experience was that once 
rejoicing in his Master did riot make him immune 
against sin. Once in grace did not always keep him 
. there. If salvation, or the joy of salvation, may be 
lost, it will be worth our while to see how it may be 
retained. A good thing is always worthy of retention. 

Regular, daily Bible reading and study will do 
much towards assuring this joy. Especially if with 
it there goes a desire to do what the Word teaches. 
Frequent and continued lingering at the throne of 
grace,— earnest prayer, — will bring you into this joy. 
Attendance at the church services, — all of them,— 
has been a source of joy to not a few. Especially 
attendance at your own services is desirable. While 

it is well to attend elsewhere, when your own church is 
not accessible, still you may rest assured that you 
are losing much when you prefer other services to 
your own. To associate with one's own people, — 
those of like precious faith, — will strengthen might- 
ily. We should be kind and sociable to all, at all 
times, but there is a strength that comes only to those 
who regularly mingle with others whose faith and 
practice are their own. 

In religious matters choose wise, spiritual advisers. 
It will be easy to find those who will find fault, who 
will criticise, who will grumble, but such neither pos- 
sess joy in their religion, nor can they beget it in 
you. If you would experience the joy of salvation 
in full fruition, be sure that you observe the ordin- 
ances of God's house. Let not the love feast find 
you absent ' or indifferent, as to whether you are 
present or not. Such a condition indicates a sad state. 
Be assured that when Jesus has given to the church 
anything as a memorial, we make a very serious mis- 
take when we disregard it. And for that matter, 
whenever he speaks it is not wise for us to fail to 

David was unselfish* in his prayer for the restoration 
of this joy. There was nothing small in him at this 
time. He cared not for himself but for others. It 
may be a question whether the selfish man could really 
have joy in salvation. Why did David long for this 
joy? Let his own tongue tell: "Then will I teach 
transgressors thy ways : and sinners shall be converted 
unto thee." It was that he might reach others. The 
burning impulse of a saved soul is to save others. He 
who finds joy in God's service cannot be content until 
he brings others into this same rich experience. If 
the desire to save others is not burning in your breast, 
there is cause for fear. In such a heart the spiritual 
thermometer cannot rise high. God saves for service. 
And when he saved you, he saved you that you might 
serve others and so be instrumental in saving others. 
The joy that he begets in your soul is not to gratify 
your own pleasure, stop there and die out, but you are 
to increase that joy by sharing it with others. 

If God's children really experience rich joy in sal- 
vation and then lived so as to make this manifest to ■ 
the unconverted, there would be a mighty awakening 
among sinners. And since the Christian life alone' 
is the best life, its joys must be deeper than aught 
else. As fire begets fire, as love begets love, so joy 
in your religious work will turn even the thoughts 
of the thoughtless to religion, and they, too, may be 
made to experience its joys. 
Mt. Morris, III. 


It will not be necessary, in this discussion, to de- 
fine the religious faith of our fathers in detail. Most 
of the readers of this article are more or less intimate- 
ly acquainted with it. It is rather the purpose of the 
writer to discuss the attitude of the one, who has en- 
joyed the privileges of modern education, and who 
has come in close contact with modern thought, to- 
ward this faith. It is a well-known fact that many of 
us, of the younger generation, have often made our- 
selves obnoxious by trying to urge upon our fathers 
and elders the adoption of ideas that may work in 
some community but are entirely too revolutionary 
for a people with an ancestry such as ours. 

What is the purpose of our modern educational 
activity anyway ? Why have we founded colleges, and 
why are we spending the best years of our life at 
study in the great universities of this country and of 
Europe? It is certainly not that we may improve up- 
on the almost perfect and childlike religious faith 
of our fathers. How many are there of us who would 
not exchange Christian characters with many of our 
fathers who rode across the hills, carrying the mes- 
sage of the' simple truth to the simple folk of the 
mountains? These men now lpom up in the past, al- 
most Abrahaniic in their moral and religious propor- 
tions. I once had the honor of visiting one of the 
greatest philosophers in America, in his home. He 
knew that I was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren. He began to talk about the old-time Breth- 

ren preachers. I shall never forget how he summed 
them up as " grand old characters." 

We dare not lose the spirit of the simple faith of 
our fathers. We cannot improve upon the result of a 
simple belief in God's Word in their own lives. We 
may have different ideas as to the length of the days 
of creation, or of the extent of the flood, etc., but we 
cannot afford to miss the end they evidently achieved, 
— absolute faith in God and in Jesus Christ, the 
Savior of the world. 

The fellow who spends a few years at some univer- 
sity, and in that brief time loses all regard for the 
simple beauty of genuine religious character, that is 
our heritage from our ancestors, has certainly squashed 
in his life the very fundamental element of greatness 
there, if he ever had any. It seems to the writer that 
it is the end of study and education to reduce com- 
plexity to simplicity, to render that which is unknown 
and mysterious, in the form in which it can be known 
and understood by all. That was the purpose of reve- 
lation and for that same purpose Christ came into 
the world. It is far from our mission to confuse the 
simple and effective beliefs of men, but it is rather 
to strengthen and to widen and to deepen that simple 
faith of our fathers that made them peers among men 
in the height of religious character that they achieved. 

1430 Benson Ave., Evanston, III. 


" There are three kinds of happiness," says Lyman 
Abbott, — " pleasure, joy and blessedness. Pleasure 
is the happiness of the animal nature; joy, of the 
social' nature; blessedness, of the spiritual nature. 
Pleasure we share with the animals; joy, with one 
another; blessedness, with God. These three types of 
happiness are not inconsistent. One may have them 

AH men seek happiness. The desire to be happy 
is as natural as the love of life itself. The brute 
creation testifies that its normal attitude is one of hap- 
piness. Only so far as the ravages of sinful men have 
invaded its domain does it depart from its divinely-or- 
dered condition. This in part argues, but does not 
prove conclusively, that man's natural condition -should 
be such. The full proof is found in the fact that our 
Savior, " for the joy that was set before him, endured 
the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at 
the right hand of the throne Of God." Heb. 12: 2. 

Whether or not the individual " finds his goal, 
whether his pursuit of this great Godsend to humanity 
shall be rewarded, depends entirely on his ideals of 
what constitutes happiness and his methods of attain- 
ing to it. Some men seek it in wealth, others in posi- 
tion, others in honor, others in truth, others in citi- 
zenship, others, — a comparatively small number, — 
seek it in the quest of goodness and of God. Of 
all this list, comprising approximately every avenue 
that man has ever searched out, it will be evident 
that only the latter can reward his toil. Scientists 
tell us that ninety-nine per cent of all the energy 
stored up in a ton of coal is lost before it reaches the 
bulb of the electric light. Perhaps this wo.uld com- 
pare favorably with the scattering of effort, so con- 
spicuous in the lives of men and women with wrong 
ideals and wrong methods, or an entire lack of method, 
in pursuing that which is not to be found. 

That position does not yield happiness, is the testi- 
mony of the ages. Look around you. The fruit- 
seller along the street is in many instances happier 
than the banker who hastens to his place of busi- 
ness to see whether fortune has shown favor or a 

Pharaoh, on one of the highest eminences of power 
of his days, is in trouble because his subjects have 
wearied of brickmaking. Haman, prime minister to 
the king of Persia, high in authority, is miserable 
because one of his subjects will not bow to him. Ahab 
mopes because his wealth will not buy his neighbor's 
vineyard. Darius is more miserable on the throne 
than Daniel in the lions' den. Nero, the builder of 
the Golden House, ruling his millions, is constantly 
haunted by dreams of coming troubje, while Paul, his 
prisoner, is happy in the dungeon with a stone for 
his pillow. Herod finds the birth of an infant suffi- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1909. 


cient cause for much uneasiness. Felix trembles when 
righteousness, temperance and judgment are discussed. 

Napoleon, the great Napoleon! The »man who, 
with a great army, marched down into Egypt and 
then, returning, crossed the continent of Europe, los- 
ing his men by thousands, — what is the testimony of 
his illustrious life? In his. last moment he asked 
one of his attendants to put his military boots on him, 
that he might have one last taste of the only thing 
he ever considered worth striving for. Voltaire, ac- 
complished, witty, eloquent, dealing out to nations 
that which is worse than poison, in his dying hour 
says to his Batterers, " What a wretched glory is this 
.which you have produced to me!" His associates 
very carefully guarded his door that others might not 
see how awful is the death of an infidel. His nurse 
declared that for the wealth of Europe she would 
not see another infidel die. With these two men, 
prominent in profane history, in their respective 
spheres, contrast him who determined to know noth- 
ing save Jesus Christ and him crucified. Insignifi- 
cant in person, scourged by evil men, hounded like a 
wild beast, he says triumphantly, " I am now ready 
to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand; 
I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, 
I have kept the faith : henceforth there is laid up for 
me a crown of righteousness which the Lord, the 
righteous Judge, will give me." 

The lives of a number of present-day rulers testify 
to the old adage, " Uneasy lies the head that wears 
the crown." Emperor Francis Joseph, of Austria, is 
today in the last years of a life that has been one 
continuous tragedy. From four o'clock in the morn- 
ing until ten at night, his daily routine is such as re- . 
quires the very closest application. Added to this, 
must be considered the amount of family trouble that 
has clouded his life. Flis brother was the ill-fated 
Maximilian, shot in. Mexico after failing to institute a 
new dynasty there. His only son, after a short life 
of extreme recklessness, committed suicide. His wife 
was assassinated by an anarchist at Geneva. Sim- 
plicity of living, regular habits and a passion for hard 
work, — these alone make possible the endurance of 
his life. 

Czar Nicholas II., of Russia, is another example. 
Ruler over a country of eight million square miles and 
a population of one hundred and thirty millions, per- 
haps no other ruler except the Sultan of Turkey has 
lived in such constant fear of his subjects. His salary 
is $4,800,000 ; his private income about three or four 
times as much as his official salary. His servants, on 
his hundred or more estates, number thirty thousand, 
his horses five thousand, his cattle fifty thousand. 
The peril surrounding his life is not his greatest 
burden. In a desperate effort to maintain the most com- 
plete autocracy in the world, he fills, at the same time, 
the role of soldier, sailor, statesman, pope and judge. 
This requires contact with things of every variety. 
Every week day, on an average, five hundred papers 
pass through his hands for signature. 

At our nation's capital, rank is not unmingled with 
burden and care. Our own President, a hard worker, 
while not meeting personally the one hundred to one 
hundred and fifty callers every day, is in close touch 
with the work of the executive staff of the White 
House, — secretaries, clerks, messengers, telegraph 
operators, — forty in all. His hours are from seven 
in the morning until after midnight, — considering- 
social functions. That he wearies of it is best evi- 
denced by his own words, " Such ostentation. I don't 
like it a bit, but I suppose I shall have to put up with 
it a few more years, when I shall be able to move 
about alone, unnoticed, and without interference." 

Neither is environment a guarantee of happiness. 
Happiness is not measured by the size of a man's 
house. Two rooms may constitute a heaven ; a house 
of twenty may be a perfect pandemonium. 

Just before the expiration of President Jackson's 
second term, a man called at the White House and 
asked to see the President. After the second and 
third messages, Jackson came out in a rage, and said. 
" Gentlemen, people envy me in this White House, and 
they long to get .here; but I tell you, at the end of 
the second term, I am glad to get out of it, for it is 
a perfect hell." 

Solomon succeeded his father as ruler over a terri- 
tory of about sixty thousand miles, extending from the 
Nile to the Euphrates. While he feared the Lord, 
he was blessed: when he forsook the Lord, the curse 
came upon his rule and his kingdom. Happiness is 
not in environment. Paul and Silas, in the Philip- 
pian jail, prayed and sang praises at midnight. Their 
recognition of true happiness and its source became 
the salvation of the jailer and his house. 

Happiness is not in wealth. Solomon was a million- 
aire many times over. He had at his command gold to 
the amount of six hundred and eighty millions of 
dollars. He had more than a billion dollars' worth 
of silver. The present given him by the Queen of 
Sheba was worth about seven hundred and twenty 
thousand dollars. Hiram, King of Tyre, gave him 
a present of about the same amount. For ser- 
vices and material for the temple Solomon gave him 
twenty cities in Galilee. When the Good Book says 
that all the king's drinking vessels were of gold, none 
of them of silver, it adds that this was counted as 
nothing in his time. He made silver to be as stones 
in Jerusalem. His throne was of ivory, overlaid with 
gold. His chariot had pillars of silver and a bottom 
of gold. He spent seven years in building the temple 
and thirteen in building his own house. Once in 
three years his ships brought from Tarshish gold, 
silver, ivory, apes and peacocks. His horses were 
brought from Egypt and other lands. While he slept, 
sixty men stood guard over his person. For the 
daily rations for his court there were required ten fat 
oxen, twenty out of the pasture, one hundred sheep. 

Happiness is not in learning and science. Solomon 
was one of the foremost contributors to the scienti- 
fic knowledge of his day. He studied birds, beasts and 
fishes. He knew plants, from the hyssop on the wall 
to the cedar of Lebanon. He wrote one thousand and 
five songs. His proverbs numbered three thousand. 
Notwithstanding, he cried out, "Vanity of vanities; 
all is vanity." Knowledge, like any other accomplish- 
ment, without God, cannot be more than vanity. 

Happiness is not in worldly pleasures. The cry of 
the voluptuary is always the expression of dissatis- 
faction. Worldly pleasures cannot satisfy. All grades 
of vice and wickedness bring only one result, the 
amount of disgust varying generally with one's de- 
votion to them.' Street-lounging, gossiping, gam- 
bling, — all bear one united testimony. ■* 

Where, then, shall we find that which truly satisfies? 
It is to be found in God's service. ,The man of the 
world is the slave of his surroundings. His enjoy- 
ment, meager as jt is, is dependent entirely on circum- 
stances. He is buoyed up by worldly successes. 
Wealth, position and friends usually flee in one train. 
These gone, he becomes miserable. Why? He has 
followed the mirage. He lias sought happiness where 
it is not. In the midst of life's shifting scenes, he 
cannot entirely drown the voice of conscience. He 
is reminded by everything he beholds that, even 
though the time shall come when the heavens shall be 
rolled up as a scroll, and the elements shall melt with 
fervent heat, yet the soul is immortal. The soul is 
ever longing for trees of life, fountains of living 
waters, and stars that will shine when the lights of 
this earthly firmament have gone out forever. That 
aching void in his being nothing but the benediction of 
heaven can supply. 

The Christian has heaven's resources to depend on 
in time of trouble. Out of every disaster he gains 
advantage for his soul. When his apparel is thread- 
bare, he depends upon the garment of righteousness. 
Money is valuable to him only for its use: he has a 
title to the universe. When friends forsake him, he 
knows that he has angels for his bodyguard. Jesus 
Christ is to him all in all. 

Elhabethfown, Pa. 

fering and doctrine," but, as some one has well said, 
" A duty may become a sin if wrongfully done." 
The spirit of the Christian is the spirit of love and 
gentleness, yet there are times when he must rebuke 
sin, and take an uncompromising position in the 
presence of evil. There are a few things, however, to 
be said about " mote-pulling " and " beam-pulling." 
Take care that you get these two processes in the 
right order. "Beam-pulling" comes first. "First 
cast out the beam that is in thine own eye." Follow- 
ing that simple direction would do away with a lot 
of '• mote-pulling." Physician, heal thyself." " There- 
fore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou 
art that judgest, for wherein thou judgest another, 
thou condemuest thyself:* for thou that judgest doest 
the same things." 

Next bear in mind that " mote-pulling " is danger- 
ous business. In judging others we invite judgment 
upon ourselves. A Spanish proverb says: "If our 
faults were written on our foreheads we should have 
to go with our hats pulled over our eyes." 

"Mote-pulling" is often the unconscious result of 
an unforgiving spirit. If we do not forgive others, 
God cannot forgive us. 

" Mote-pulling " is frequently a very hypocritical 
performance. If we have studied ourselves carefully, 
most of us have found that, in proportion as we are 
quick to discern the faults of others, wc are less liable 
to see our own mistakes. Frequently, when we have 
found faults in others, they were reflections of our 
own faults. Therefore, "mote-puller," take care! It 
is a delicate matter to pluck a mote out of an inflamed 
eye. Take care how you do it. Be sure your hands 
are clean. 

Take care that you do your " mote-pulling " very 
tenderly and gently. It requires tact and tenderness 
to help a brother while pointing out his faults to him. 
Before you begin, mentally change places. It is best 
to begin that way, for you will have to change places 
before you get through. " For with what measure ye 
mete, it shall be measured unto you again." 
Waynesboro, Va. 



Faultfinding may not, in itself, be a sin. The old 
Levitical Law said, "Thou shalt in anywise re- 
buke thy neighbor, and not suffer sin upon him." 
Under the New Testament law of love there is the 
exhortation: "Reprove, rebuke, with all long-suf- 


Over forty-five per cent of the population of the 
State of New York lives in the cities of New York and 
Brooklyn, or, what is known now as " Greater New 
York." Over thirty per cent of the people, included 
in the States east of the Mississippi River, and north 
of the Ohio and Potomac Rivers, resitle in towns and 
cities with a population of over ten thousand. It is 
said that in sections of some of those States, above de- 
scribed, farm values have decreased one hundred per 
cent, or more, in the last decade, In sections of New 
England farms have been actually abandoned, while on 
other farms the old people are attempting to eke out a 
living as best they can, all because of the influx of the 
young people into the towns and cities. Where once 
lived happy, thrifty, contented families, now all is lonely 
and desolate, — a sad picture of human ingratitude. 

Without enquiring into, or discussing, the cause or 
causes of such a state of affairs, it is fair to assume 
that many of these young people, who have deserted 
the old home of their childhood, were qualified, by 
nature, for a wider range of usefulness than the farm 
alone can offer. But how about the multitude who 
leave prosperous and happy homes? Pitifully un- 
fitted by nature and experience, they must face the 
conditions that await them. Some arc willing to 
gnaw at a bone when, by some effort, they can have 
pots of flesh. They eat of the husks, when the corn 
is in sight. 

There is scarcely a section in all the great Atlantic 
Coast country, where, with prudence, diligence and 
forethought, a few acres cannot be made to yield 
richly, nearly all the necessaries of life. Then, why 
all this rush to the cities, where there is so much 
corruption, crime and suffering, where life is so artifi- 
cial, where often thousands of human beings are 
crowded into a small area, where dirt and filth and 
rags and starvation are in evidence on the one hand, 
while great wealth, display, extravagance and waste 
are seen on the other? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1909. 

However, aside from the standpoint of material or 
other gain and loss, that may affect the life of the 
individual, either in the city or country, is there not 
something else that appears to differentiate between 
country life and city life? God seems to have recog- 
nized this in many instances. We, perhaps, have 
observed this in our own short experience. Is there 
not some encouragement to the rural boy or girl that, 
when there is some great work to be accomplished, 
the Infinite Mind, through some process, often finds 
the man to do that work from the lowly walks of life 
or from some obscure corner of the earth? 

Scores of really great men of our own nation 
have come up from just such conditions, — men who 
have been brought up near The soil. This is a lesson 
hard for us to learn, and harder still to heed, after 
we have learned it. 

- Take the familiar Bible incident of the Prophet 
Samuel when God sent him down to the shepherd's 
home in Bethlehem to seek a ruler for his people, after 
the disgraceful failure of Saul. No doubt Samuel 
had a picture in his mind of the sort of man that 
should rule over Israel. When the stalwart Eliab 
passed before him, Samuel could not refrain from be- 
traying his feelings: " Surely this must be the Lord's 
anointed." But no, " Look not on his countenance 
nor on the height of his stature." " For the 
Lord seeth not as man seeth." After they had all 
passed before him, and all were rejected, there was 
still a greater surprise. This was a most notable 
event, especially to those who were participants in the 
ceremonies. In the excitement of the occasion one 
who afterwards proved to be the central figure, had 
been momentarily forgotten. The prophet asks: 
" Are here all thy children ? " " There remaineth yet 
the youngest and behold he keepcth the sheep." 

Is there any significance in the choice of David, a 
shepherd lad, as a leader and ruler of a nation in 
its embryotic state of development, at this critical junc- 
ture when all was chaos and demoralization ? Here 
was a lad, fresh from the pure air of the hills and 
vales, with no taints of the city's moral and social at- 
mosphere clinging to him. 

But to what can we attribute this wholesale ex- 
odus of our young people to the cities? Is there 
any remedy? Perhaps the farmer takes life too stren- 
uously. Instead of making of his work a joy and 
pleasure, he becomes its slave and drudge. In his 
haste to be rich, he makes all else subservient to that 
one thought. He denies all comforts to himself and 
family, and, instead of being the most free and happy 
people on the earth, they are mere machines to do 
the most work at the least possible cost. If money 
making, in any vocation, is the central object, then 
our hopes and aspirations are indeed sordid, our life 
is a drudgery and our work is a daily grind. 

Children brought up in such an atmosphere are apt 
to become spiritually and mentally dwarfed, their 
minds soured to the best things of life, and perhaps 
disgusted with their environments. Above all others 
the husbandman and his family should get the most 
enjoyment out of their work and their surroundings, 
because the)' live near the source of all other material 
things. If they will open their eyes and ears, they 
can see the finger of God and hear his music in all 
around them. 

Then, too, the churches might take vigorous action 
along the line of inducing the people to stay away 
from the cities. It is conceded that city people, as 
a whole, are much harder to reach than country peo- 
ple, and, because of the enticements and temptations, 
they are much more liable to drift away from the 
paths of rectitude. So it is plainly the church's func- ■ 
tion to do some active educational work. 

City churches have ample buildings, missionaries, 
fresh air funds, and other auxiliaries, but I know of 
no direct effort to persuade their people to stay away 
from the temptation. 

And, again, there is an alarming tendency of the 
spirit of sport growing upon us. This, too, with the 
implied, if not the direct, approval of parents, 
teachers, and sometimes ministers. Fun, frolic and 
pleasure are a wedge that will split asunder the most 
sacred tradition of the fathers. Organized fun and 
competitive games are engaged in not as a diversion 

or an incident in the threads of life, as they are 
gathered up to make the completed fabric, not as the 
salt and pepper that we eat with our food, but as the 
whole dish, such as would make our fathers wonder 
with amazement. We have international, interstate, 
intercollegiate, and other leagues, designated as the 
"professionals." We know of but few colleges and 
schools that are not affected by this. It is made a 
prominent feature. 

I submit the question: Do these things have a 
tendency to lead our boys to the farm or to the city? 
Is it not probable that, after having engaged in these 
fascinating and exciting games for a few years, the 
farm will prove a very tame and monotonous place? 
.Those of us, who are older, may perhaps be par- 
doned if we view these matters with grave apprehen- 
sion. We pray and hope that, in some inscrutable 
way, through an allwise Providence, all will work 
out for the best. 

Mafiassas, Va. 



Some of us have made good resolutions for the 
new year. Some will keep them, and some will not. 
We start out with intentions to serve our Heavenly 
Master with a greater purpose than last year. We 
seek more earnestly his will and guidance in all things. 
We desire to follow and obey him, who alone is our 
Guide, and not set at naught his intentions and 
directions. But whether or not we have the strength 
to hold to those good intentions for the year, or" 
whether or not our frailty mars and breaks them, those 
resolutions of ours have done us and the world a 
service. We have had and held, even if for but one 
moment, a good thought, which is something. We 
have had the sweet savor of the plans we formed for 
the happiness of others. No good resolution was 
ever made that did not contemplate the good of those 
about us. If the thought, because of our weakness 
did not have the strength to bear and bring forth 
fruit of- better deeds; it is not likely 'that we shall be 
judged too harshly by the only power that has a right 
to sit in judgment on us. We. are something better 
for having had and held, for that brief moment, the 

No good thought ever perished ; no good intent ever 
went against <us ; nor did good thought or good inten- 
tion, whether carried to full fruition or lacking ac- 
complishment, eyer take 'the thinker or intender back- 
ward, or result to his detriment. 

Let us, therefore, think our good thoughts and make 
our good resolutions for the new year. If we keep 
them but for the moment of their making, .we and the 
world shall not lose. If, however, we keep them to the 
end, we and the world shall be the gainers. 

Portland, Oregon. 


Different trades and professions require prepara- 
tion along different lines, and so we understand that 
this question does not refer to special preparations for 
a particular life-work, but to general preparation for 
any life-work. Such preparation does not end when 
the life-work begins, but continues each day as long 
as life lasts. 

Luke 2: 52 reads, "Jesus increased in wisdom and 
stature and in favor with God and man." He grew 
physically,— " increased in stature." He grew men- 
tally, " increased in wisdom." He grew spiritually, — 
"increased. in favor with God and man." Th'is cor- 
responds to the trinity of body, mind and spirit, mak- 
ing the complete man. Our development should be 
like his, for God wants us to measure up to the full 
stature of the perfect man. 

The physical is the basis of all life. Special atten- 
tion should be given, therefore, to the physical prep- 
aration, -no matter what one's life-work is to be, for 
its success will depend much upon a sound mind in 
a sound body. Only those, who have physical weak- 
ness to contend with, can appreciate what a hindrance 
a lack of strength is to them, and perhaps even they 
cannot fully appreciate how much more they could 

accomplish, or how much more effective their work 
would be, did they have perfect health. Ye fathers 
and mothefs, who want your children to be useful 
citizens and a crown of glory to you, see that you 
give them a heritage of good health as a basis for 
their life's work. 

Lev. 11 : 17 reads: " The life of the flesh is in the 
blood." The blood is made from what we eat and drink, 
and purified by the air we breathe. Good blood can 
not be made from poor material. The body is eighty 
per cent oxygen. Oxygen is found principally in air 
and water. Plenty of fresh air, day and night, plenty 
of pure water, externally and internally, good, nourish- 
ing food, with a proper amount of work and rest, 
are important items in building and preserving a 
good, strong body,; — one fit to be the temple of the 
Holy Spirit. 

The life of the man at the head of our nation, the 
man who does things, — Theodore Roosevelt, — is an 
illustration of the truth stated. By just such hygienic 
living he has built up, from a puny, weak youth, a 
vigorous manhood. And by the same means he pre- 
serves the strength that enables him to lead a strenu- 
ous life. By such preparation any one may greatly 
increase the usefulness and success of his life-work. 

By the mind we mean that part of man that reasons, 
that plans, — the part that thinks and conceives. This 
is part of the Divine in us. It is higher than the 
physical. Careful attention should, therefore, be given 
to its development. We will mention three ways in 
which the mind may be developed and trained for the 
work of life, — ways which should be pursued through- 
out life. 

1. Manual training. This is the earliest means of 
mental development, and the chief one during the 
early years. - We are apt to think most of the physical 
development in the motions and play of the child, but 
still greater is the mental development, achieved by 
the- activity of the hands. The driving of a nail, 
the sawing of a board, the turning of a hem, require 
perception, calculation, coordination, and thus exer- 
cise the mind. But any kind of manual labor becomes 
mechanical when constantly repeated, and causes "no 
mental development. Children need, therefore, a va- 
riety of exercises with the hands, and the children of 
older growth can gain much by learning to do new 
things. There are so many things to do! Even 
if one never uses the knowledge gained afterward, the 
resulting mental development from learning how to 
do something we never did before will be helpful. 

2. The mind is developed through language. 
Language is the principal, medium of thought. 
" Thoughts are things," but they are intangible and 
useless until expressed. Just as muscles are unde- 
veloped unless used, thought-power is undeveloped 
without expression. It is noticeable that the mental 
development of a blind child is greatly in advance of 
that of a deaf child. The blind child hears the ex- 
pressed thought of those around him, and learns to 
express his own thought, while the deaf child hears 
nothing and learns no speech. The influence of' 
language in mental development is marked in cases 
like Helen Keller or Tommy Stringer. These, de- 
prived of sight and hearing, were simply lumps of 
flesh until given language, a medium of expressing 
and receiving thought, and then, how quickly and 
wonderfully the mind developed ! The study of lan- 
guage and the best expression of thought should not 
cease while we have thoughts to express. Grammar, 
etymology, rhetoric, literature are all helpful, but per- 
haps the best way to learn a language is by hearing the 
words and reading the writings of those who know it 
well. In this connection let us not forget that the King 
James' translation of the Bible was one of the two 
leading factors in establishing the English language, 
and the storing of the mind with the words of Holy 
Writ is one of the best things to do in this connection. 

3. The mind is developed by meditation, — think- 
ing, comparing, analyzing, exercise the highest men- 
tal faculties. Without meditation the mind cannot be 
fully developed. By it, the mind develops its great- 
est power. 

In some of the new schoolhouses in Philadelphia 
there are three mottoes on the walls. In the Pri- 
mary departments, " We Learn by Doing," in the Sec- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1909. 


oridary departments, " We Learn by Studying," and 
in the Grammar departments, " We Learn by Think- 
ing." In these three ways, — doing, studying, thinking, 
should our minds be prepared for our life-work. 

While the body, mind and spirit form a trinity 
that can not be separated while life lasts, the highest 
and most important is the spirit. Heredity and cir- 
cumstances may prevent us from having the physical 
preparation we desire ; heredity and circumstances may 
prevent us from obtaining the mental development we 
desire; but what can hinder the development of the 
spiritual in us, but our own wills? The spirit comes 
in closest touch with God, for he is a Spirit, and 
since ^it derives its fife from him, the supply is inex- 

How shall the spiritual life be developed ? Commun- 
ion with God means that he shall talk to us and we 
shall talk to him. The Bible is his Word to us, 
prayer is our word to him. Knowledge of the Word 
of God, prayer and exercise of the Christian graces 
are the means of developing the spiritual life. Exer- 
cise or service for God does not only mean preaching, 
teaching, or winning souls, but the manifestations of 
sympathy, kindness, love, patience, gentleness and 
helpfulness to others. 

Daily prayer, daily reading of, and meditation upon, 
God's Word, and daily acts of love toward our fellow- 
men, — these are the most important part of our prep- 
aration for our life-work. As the spirit is the highest 
of the trinity in man, it has an influence upon tiie 
mind and body. They will, therefore, become better 
prepared by this preparation of the spiritual. 

Thus, following the example of Jesus in growing 
physically, mentally and spiritually, we shall obey the 
injunction in 2 Tim. 2: 15, "Study to show thyself 
approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to 
be ashamed," and Eph. 4: 13, " Till we all come into 
the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the 
Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of 
the stature of the fulness of Christ." 

Lancaster, Pa. 

the above case, where can we stop? Why not elect 
sisters to the ministry? Why not have them officiate 
in the anointing service? Why not have them 
solemnize marriages, administer baptism, serve on 
Standing Committee, etc.? Where can we stop? 

So far as I know, the sisters in Southern Ohio are 
well nigh universally satisfied with the favor conferred 
upon them in the time-honored custom of the church. 
As it is true that there is no evidence to show Unit 
woman's hand had anything to do with driving the 
nails, or thrusting the spear, why should she not be 
exempt from representing herself as being an accom- 
plice in the terrible tragedy, by breaking the mystical 
body and passing the mystical blood? 

The strong men of nearly two centuries, — Brethren 
Kline, Saylor, Price, Quihter, Garber, Smith, ami 
hosts of others, were content with the custom as we 
now hav.e it. Why should " giants " now rise up, 
in the beginning of the twentieth century, and defy 
the " army of Israel " ? 

■ Inasmuch as there is no Scripture violated, but 
great honor deservedly conferred upon woman in the 
present practice of breaking the bread and passing 
the cup at communion services, I therefore suggest 
that We make no change from the time-honored prac- 
tice in use at present. 

R. D. 4, Arcanum, Ohio. 



Is it not marvelously strange that the peace and 
power of our beloved Brotherhood must be so much 
disturbed by somebody's opinions, instead of letting 
well enough alone, and employing our energies in 
saving a lost world? 

I do not intend to burden the columns of the Gos- 
pel Messenger with a lengthy article on the above 
subject, but desire to call the attention of the readers 
to the fact that the blessing or curse depends upon 
the eating and drinking, and not upon the dividing. 
See 1 Cor. 11: 26-29, "For as often as ye eat this 
bread and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death 
till he come. Wherefore whosoever shall eat this 
bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, 
shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat 
of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that 
eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh 
damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body." 

Luke 22 : 17, 18 records the Savior's language : 
" Take the cup and divide it among yourselves," but 
neither Luke nor any of the other evangelists gives 
the slightest hint as to 'how the dividing is to be done. 
This matter, therefore, is not so important, and may 
well be submitted to the judgment of the church. 

The eating and drinking is done very much alike by 
the brethren and sisters at the communion services. 
Then, why should anyone intimate that sisters are de- 
prived of a single right or privilege, that has any 
blessing depending upon it? And, since the church 
has flourished for nearly two hundred years, and 
since so many thousands of saints have finished their 
course under the present custom, even if it did not 
meet my opinion, I would be afraid to call it " unscrip- 
tural and baseless inconsistency," lest I might have to 
meet such an assertion in the judgment. 

Why should our Brotherhood be disturbed over 
1 Cor. 10: 16? Do we not, as a body, break the bread 
and bless the cup? And if we want to apply the " all 
one" of. Gal. 3: 28 and Col. 3: U so strenuously in 



(The accompanying article is written in view of the 
following query and answer to be considered at the An- 
ual Meeting, which convenes at Harrisonburg, Va., June 
1.— Ed.) 

"We request the Annual Meeting to decide that persons 
who have been baptized by trine immersion and who are sat- 
isfied with their baptism, may be received into the Church of 
the Brethren by the laying on of hands, provided they are 
willing to accept the doctrines and principles of the church. 

"Answer by district meeting: Request granted with Urn 
understanding that It does not apply to those baptized in 

"Sent to Annual Meeting." 

It seems strange, according to our practice, that 
the Scriptures say nothing about the qualifications 
of the one who administers the rite of baptism. Ac- 
cording to our practice one would expect some very 
clear and specific statements, but, strange as it may 
seem, there are none. Listen to the Scriptures : 
" Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and 
of the Holy Ghost." " He that believeth and is bap- 
tized shall be saved." " Repent and be baptized every 
one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the re- 
mission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the 
Holy Ghost." The only thing the Scriptures say 
about the administrator is, " ye," " Go ye . . . teach 
. . . (and) baptize." Who wjll say that the teacher 
is not qualified to do the baptizing? 

In our missionary efforts we apply the " ye " to 
each individual member, but in baptizing we restrict 
it to " authorized " ministers. The administrator is 
told how to baptize : " In the name of the Father, and 
of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." The applicant 
is informed as to the prerequisites of. baptism: " lie 
that believeth . . . repent;" also what he is In In- 
baptized for, — " For the remission of sins." 

Three things are very clear, — the mode, the quali- 
fications of the applicant, and the design. Each bears 
directly upon the applicant, hence he is the prime 
factor in baptism. It is evident that Judas baptized, 
for "Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples." 
and " Jesus knew from the heginniug who they were 
that believed not, and who should betray him," and 
that he was a devil, and who will say that those who 
were baptized by him had not a valid baptism? The 
Scriptures do not say a word to the contrary. 

Paul found certain disciples who had not a valid 
baptism. They had " not so much as heard whether 
there be any Holy Ghost," consequently could not 
have been baptized in his name. These were rebap- 
tized, evidently because they were not baptized ac- 
cording to the commission, and all such are subjects 
for rebaptism. But what scriptural passage . gives 
authority for baptism for the administrator's sake? 

" For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one 
body . . . now ye are the body of Christ, and sever- 
ally members thereof." 1 Cor. 12: 13, 27. " His body 

. . . which is the church." Col. 1 : 24. The " one 
body " which is " the body of Christ, . . . which 
is the church," is formed by the Holy Spirit bap- 
tizing each member into it. It began on the day of 
Pentecost and will continue until Jesus shall de- 
scend from heaven, and call his saints, sleeping or 
awake, to meet him. 

The conditions upon which one becomes a member 
of this body is by the baptism of the Holy Spirit, 
which is promised and received by, a valid water 
baptism. Acts 2: 28; 19: 1-6. If one has been made 
n member of this body by a valid baptism, and sees 
'any advantage in leaving one body of believers and 
uniting witli another, on what grounds can rebaptism 
be demanded? It is a barrier, placed unscripturally 
in the way, only to make it harder to reach desired 
advantages. To say that tins body " which is the 
body of Christ, . . . which is the church," is a human 
organization, is unscriptural, and to make baptism, 
which is the means of receiving the Spirit's baptism, 
which associates one with the spiritual body of Christ, 
his church, a formal service and a means of associat- 
ing one with a human organization, is perverting 
the design of baptism. 

Faith is a prerequisite of baptism, but to say that 
a knowledge of all the ordinances and doctrines, and 
thereby exemplifying our faith in them, is necessary to 
a valid baptism, is saying too much. Suppose the 
Lord's supper, feet-washing, or any other ordinance or ' 
doctrine is not fully understood. Docs that disqualify 
for, or invalidate, baptism? The Christian develops. 
Few of us believe just as we did when we were bap- 
tized, but our developing faith has not invalidated 
our baptism. When one believes in Jesus as the Sou 
of God, the Savior of the world, and is willing to 
forsake sin, and follow Jesus as fast as the light 
comes and the way opens, he is a fit subject for bap- 

The commission implies an incomplete knowledge 
and practice at baptism, " Go . . . teach . . . (them) 
. . . baptize . . . (them) . . . teacli . . . them to 
observe all things, whatsoever I have commanded you." 
After baptism, as the light comes, and it is seen that 
Jesus can be followed more closely in another organ- 
ization than he can be followed in the one in which the 
start was made, and which is now outgrown, he can 
then seek fellowship in the organization where he can 
follow Jesus more closely. 

On what grounds can rebaptism be demanded? 
Baptism is not a means of identifying the believer with 
a human organization. When it is so used, a holy 
ordinance has been misused. When one has received 
a scriptural baptism, and thereby the baptism of the 
Holy Spirit, there is no occasion, under any circum- 
stances, for rebaptism. 

We conclude, therefore, that those who have re- 
pented and believe in Jesus as their Savior, and 
have been baptized by trine immersion for the remis- 
sion of sins, in the name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by an administrator who 
comes under the conditions of the " ye," has a scrip- 
tural baptism and ought to be recognized and ac- 
cepted by any Christian organization. 
Rossvillc, Ind. 


On Sunday, Jan. 3, the partially completed church- 
house in Seattle, Wash., was dedicated. It was an occa- 
siun of much rejoicing, and will long be remembered 
by all present. This will, no doubt, be welcome news to 
those of our members in the East who have helped us, 
and to whom we owe thanks. 

Bro. J. A. Gump delivered the dedicatory sermon, 
which was especially appropriate, practical and impres- 
sive, and was enjoyed by all. A number of visiting breth- 
ren and members from a distance were present. Our 
chapel is small, unequipped for Sunday-school purposes 
and meets only our immediate needs. We praise God 
for a small house, but are impressed continually with the 
need of a larger and better-equipped house, which, at 
present, is not possible on account of a lack of funds. 
A collection was held, which was applied on the indebted- 
ness against the building. 

Prior to this time services have been held in private 
residences, which impeded our progress. There is much 
to be done. Pray that the light may be turned on, and 
that the work may be carried forward. F, F. Dull 

Station B, Seattle, Wash,, Jan. 5, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1909. 



nv j. s. flory. 
Not unfreqiieiitly, in our experience in church work, 
have we come in contact with persons who seem to 
worry, unnecessarily, over past sins, — fearing that 
God had not forgiven them. Especially is this the 
case with sensitive Christians, who have been taught 
to make a confession to men for past errors of life, 
pertaining to things which occurred in their youthful 
days, and that they now feel more fully the remorse 
, of conscience, so that scars seem to be indelibly 
printed on the tablet of their memories. 

We should be a comfort for all such, by having them 
fully realize the precious promises of a dear Savior, 
— that his teachings fully cover all sin, where there is 
a possibility of a feeling of remorse. " The blood 
of Christ cleanseth from all sin," is a positive promise 
to all of God's children who can feel sorry for sin. The 
confession is to be made to God and not to man, 
in cases where there is not a public offense, and where 
the matter concerns ourselves alone, and our God. 
David earnestly sought God in fervent prayer for 
his secret sins. Godly sorrow is a sorrow of a God- 
like nature. There must be love, tenderness of feel- 
ing and a willingness to confess our wrongs, because 
of our reverential fear of God, and because we want 
peace. Such sorrow brings about- the fruits of true 
repentance after a godly manner, as Paul says : " God- 
ly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation, not to be 
repented of." 

Notice, further, what the eminent apostle adds, by 
way of reasoning on this godly sort of . sorrow, 
'• What carefulness it wrought in you, yea, what clear- 
ing of yourselves, yea, what indignation, yea, what 
fear, yea, what vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, 
what revenge! In all things ye have approved your- 
selves to be clear in this matter." 2 Cor. 7:11. There 
is no regret in such sorrow, and we should not worry 
about such past sins, but go on trusting in the prom- 
ises and having a care for the present, that we might 
live better lives and grow as time passes, that our last 
days might be our best days. 

The future rewards depend not so much upon 
what we have been, as upon what we now are, and 
how faithful we continue to the end of life. 
Pasadena, Cal. 

continuing their present practice, while we grant the 
sisters the privilege of breaking the bread and pass- 
ing the cup in like manner. 
Bethany Bible School, Chicago, III. 



^ At first sight, this appears to be a peculiar title — 
" Sing it off! " If your heart is burdened with sorrow 
and care, " sing it off." If things all go wroug, and 
everything seems to be contrary. " sing it off." If 
you feel sour and all " out of sorts," " sing it off." 
When the children are all cross and crying, " sing it 
off." When passion and anger take you unawares, 
" sing it off." 

_ Did you ever try this? If you didn't, do so the next 
time you notice any of the above symptoms, and notice 
the results. Why, it is marvelous! How the fret- 
ting child is hushed by the wooing, simple song of 
its mother. Even the wild beast is calmed by the 
sound of music. How often have I listened to my 
mother, who has now gone to " sing with the angels," 
softly but sweetly singing a " favorite " song, while 
knitting a stocking, keeping perfect time with the 
swinging of the old armchair. While at the churn, 
every revolution of the old chum-handle would con- 
stitute a " beat* Thus she would sweetly sing as the 
burdens of the day passed one by one. 

What would this world be without music! Did 
you ever stop to think? But sometimes we hear some- 
one say, " I can't sing." To such I would say, Bet- 
ter begin to practice, loosen the chords, cultivate your 
voice, because, when you get to heaven, you will 
surely be expected to take part in singing that "new 
song" with the angels on high, as it reverberates 
through the dome of heaven— grand and glorious 
York, Pa. 

tor sometime after the danger was past. The bridge 
was on fire! He could not stop in time. To shut 
off steam was dangerous, so he pulled the tlirottle 
open wide. The train seemed to fairly leap across the 
burning space, tut if it did, every wheel came down 
on the rads again. Eighteen ties were burnt. About 
twenty-five feet of rail were without support. A 
plunge forty feet downward would have been the 
result had the train been derailed. Surely the hand 
of Providence did bear us up, or we would have been 
cast down. 

This is only one of several such experiences for 
us, one of which was on water. All these incidents 
show that the Unseen Power is everywhere, and 
ever ready to deliver those whom he wishes to help. 
Let us seek the favor his Will! 
Muscatine, Iowa. 







I like Bro. John Calvin Bright's article on breaking 
the bread and passing the cup at our communion ser- 
vices. As a member of the committee, appointed by the 
Annual Meeting, I have given the subject a careful 
study in the three phases in which the Conference 
called for an investigation, and I have found that the 
preponderance of evidence is on the side of the mem- 
bers breaking the bread to each other, and also pass- 
ing the cup one to the other. A very careful exegesis 
of the New Testament will convince any one that 
this conclusion is correct. 

Ancient church history does not always speak very 
Plainly on the subject, but what it does say, most 
assuredly points to the fact, that the Bishopric and 
the Papal, hierarchical spirit monopolized this as well 
as other lines of services. 

It is also evident that our own beloved Fraternity 
■n its early practices, observed these sacred services' 
■n the simple, apostolic way. The church under Mack 
did not ac cept any of the many changes mentioned by 
the church histories of the early centuries. They 
analyzed the Word carefully and correctly, regard- 
ing the breaking of the bread and passing of the cup 
and made no distinction between the sexes in the 
communion services. 

To have the officiating minister break the bread and 
pass the cup to all the members, would, in my judg- 
ment be to take a step backward. Rather than take 
tins backward step, I believe that our sisters would 
prefer to have the present inconsistency continued 

After due consideration and careful study, in 'the 
light of history, as well as in the light of the New 
testament, I am, however, in favor of the brethren 

Arise, and go into the city and it will be told thee 
what tliou must do. — Acts 9: 6. 

We never will know what God has for us to do, as 
long as we are unconcerned and sit at home We 
must do as Christ told Saul— Arise! We will not 
know what we can do, until we place ourselves in a 
position where God can use us. 

As we read the Messenger from week to week 
we observe that a number of Brethren are calling for 
help, most of them being members who live in isolated 
places, who have not attended a Brethren church serv- 
ice for six months or more. We believe that in 
some of these places, where a small band of workers 
are located, a live, working church could soon be 
built up, ,f ,t were possible to procure the services 
of an active minister. There are souls to save in 
these places, and that is why the call is made. 

There is a greater reward promised to those who 
work for Christ, than to those who work merely for 
self. Where these isolated members live will be 
found the seed of faith, but unless it is cultivated it 
will not grow. Hence the force of the text "Arise 
and go" Spend a part of the winter months with 
those who are hungering and thirsting for the Bread 
of Life. Do not wait for the last call, but cheer- 
fully respond to the first. There are a number of good 
p aces ,n the western country-Kansas, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, Texas and Oklahoma 
lone, N.Jtex. 

Acts 5: 1-11. 
I. To Stop the Progress of Christ's Kingdom. 

1. Satan tries persecution (4:3, -17), ■ this advertises 
the Gospel. 4: 33. 

2. He tries to destroy the- church from within by 
false disciples. 5: 1, 2. 

II. Ananias and Sapphira— their object. 

1. They coveted popularity. 4: 36, 37. 

2. Were unwilling to pay the price. 

3. Tried to secure it by means of hypocrisy. 5: 2. 
III. The Evil was Compelled to Work Out Good. 

1. A wholesome awe, 

(a) Among the Christians; 

(b) In the community. V. 11. 

2. The unworthy kept out. V. 13. 

3. Great numbers of sincere ones added. V. 14. 
Note-Men often fail now of' becoming true Christians 

because they are guilty of this bringing "a part of the 
price They will obey some of God's commands, 
and do some good works; they will avoid some sins 
but not all. They bring part of the price and ask 
God to accept it as the whole. Seeming disciples are 
hindered in the same way. They save something out 
for themselves; they give up everything except some 
special reserve. It is true of churches as of individuals 
Fray God to use us as examples, not as warnings 
Song — " When the Harvest is Past," etc. 


For Week Beginning February 7, 1909. 


It occurred on the Chicago, Rock Island & Paci- 
fic Railway from Rock Island to Peoria. Just two 
hours ride brought us to a large bridge spanning a 
chasm about two hundred feet wide and forty feet 
deep. No, 318 was a little late and running very 
fast Approaching the bridge was a long, downward 
grade, winch did not tend to slacken the speed of the 
train as it neared the bridge. 

Onward we rushed toward the spanning structure 

tne'w ", T fr °? "^ beCa " Se ° f a shar P cu ™ « 
the foot of the grade. When the engineer reached the 

curve, he saw a sight which made his nerves quiver 


Luke 6: 20-26. 

I. Four Conditions of Blessedness 

v 1 ' TH ,o V °Z '" Spirit ~ " Yours is the kin ^°n. of God." 
Verse 20. When a man is really sensible of his personal 
destitution before God, he has entered into a blessed state 
tor to this man," saith the Lord, "will I look, that is 
poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word" 
Isa (56: 2. Though poor in this world's goods, we may be 
rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom. James 2- 5 

2. Those Who Hunger.-" Ye shall be filled." Verse 21 
i f VL^ "E°°dness" alone can fill the hungry 
soul. Psa. 107: 9. Spirit hunger is the cry of real need* 
the silent appeal of a soul in distress. Luke 1-53 

3 Those Who Weep-" Ye -shall laugh." Verse 21. 

Unto them that mourn in Zion he shall appoint beauty 
for ashes and the oil of joy for mourning." Isa. 61: 3 
1 here is blessed consolation for suffering ones. 2 Cor 4- 
1-7; Rev. 21: 4. 

Ve 4 ;sr e ? r r C p ti ° n ^" Y0Ur reW " d U great in h «ve„.'-' 
\r , ,o e " ccu "° n ,s a Part of the Christian's herit- 
age. Mark 10: 29, 30. It brings „s into close fellowship with 
Christ. John 17: 14. The early disciples rejoiced to suf- 
fer shame for Christ's sake. Do we? Acts 5: 41. 
II. Four Conditions of Woefulness 

VersJ^ R Tf'~" Ye , haVE reCeived your consolation." 
\ erse 24. There is danger, in the rush of life, to think 
more of earthly treasures than of heavenly things If 
so, we are paupers in God's sight. Luke 12- 21 Pon- 
der the rich man's fate. Luke 16- 25 

2. The Full.-" Ye shall hunger." ' Verse 25. Worldly 
pleasures and possessions do not satisfy. The iniquity 
of Sodom was pride and fulness. Ezek 16- 49 
,- 3 '™ e Rfotora— "Ye shall mourn and' weep." Verse 
21 The mirth of the ungodly dies away into everlasting 
mourinng. Chnstless mirth brings tears of eternal shame 

4. Applauded by Man.- Verse 26. The world's friend- 
ship means enmity to God. James 4: 4. If you have been 
chosen out of the world, the world will hate you John 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1909. 




In the morn of the holy Sabbath, 

I like in the pew to see, 
The dear little children clustered, 

Worshiping there with me. 
1 ant sure that the gentle pastor, 

Whose words are like summer dew, 
Is cheered as he gazes over 

The dear little heads in the pew. 
Faces earnest and thoughtful, 

Innocent, grave, and sweet, 
They look in the congregation 

Like lilies among the wheat. 
And I think that the tender Master, 

Whose mercies are ever new, 
Has a special benediction 

For the dear little heads in the pew. 

Clear in the hymns resounding 

To the music's charming chord, 
Mingle the fresh young voices, 

Eager to praise the Lord. 
And to me the rising anthem 

Has a meaning deep and true; 
The thought and the music blended, 

For the dear little heads in the pew. ' 

When they hear " the Lord is my Shepherd," 

Or " Suffer the babes to come," 
They are glad that the loving Jesus 

Has given the lambs a home, 
A place of their own with his people. 

He cares for me and for you; 
But close in his arms he gathers 

The dear little heads in the pew. 

So I love in the great assembly, 
On the Sabbath morn, to see 
The dear little children clustered 
And worshiping there with me; 
For I know that the gracious Savior, 

Whose mercies are ever new, 
Has a special benediction 
For the dear little heads in the pew. 

— Margaret E. Sangster. 



And he said unto the king of Israel, Smite upon the 
ground. And he smote thrice and stayed. — 2 Kings 13: IS. 

The city missionary came in, and sat down on the 
nearest chair without removing; her wraps. " You 
look so tired; has anything - gone wrong"?" asked her 

" Oh no," was the answer, " only on a cold morning' 
like this I am appalled at the destitution among the 
poorest people, and the incompetency of those a little 
better off. What is to become of them ? They all 
say they are willing to work, and when I think of 
some place or position for them, and suggest it, it 
seldom comes to anything." Her district lay in the 
lower end of the town, among ugly, black streets and 
alleys, among dirt, and ignorance, and obstinacy. 

No wonder she was discouraged. She was giving 
herself to help these people, but saw no results. In- 
competency is a relative term, poverty reveals it and 
wealth conceals it, but wherever it is, it can be re- 
moved only by the individual himself. But so long 
as Mary is willing to bake sour, coarse bread, and 
broil steak that no human stomach can digest, with- 
out making any effort to improve, she will lose her 
place and be out of work a good deal of the time. 
Sometimes men "are incompetent because they are not 
doing the work which God designed to do. The 
hewers of wood are not expert because they would 
rather be drawers of water. They would be more 
skillful and more earnest, if they were drawers of wa- 
ter. It has been well said that time develops all things 
and time sometimes evolves a solution for the incom- 
petent person. He gains enough courage to take up 
the work which appeals to him, then, turning his back 
on everything else, he does all in his power to make it 
*a success. 

We know of one man who \$as going to dig & 
well close to his house, because it was too hard for 
his wife to carry the water up the hill to the kitchen, 
from the spring below. His little boys heard him 
talk about it. They hurried away from home when 
they were about fourteen, because their mother 
thought they might do better. And they did succeed 
far better. But it was fifteen years before the one boy 

came back to the old home, and the first thing he 
saw, as he came near the house, was his mother 
carrying a bucket of watev up the hill. " Pa " talked 
of digging a well that year, too, but he 'lowed that, as 
they had got along right well without it so far, he 
didn't " believe he'd bother." One of bis favorite 
sayings was, " Let well enough alone." 

It is the application of these trite sayings and pro- 
verbs that does much harm. " Let well enough alone " 
is unusually well known and very extensively put into 
practice. Suppose a railroad time table, just printed, 
has errors in it, and* the company should conclude 
not to have it reprinted correctly, because it was too 
expensive, — just " let well enough alone," and trust 
to luck,— what would happen and who would be re- 
sponsible for the railroad accidents? Accuracy in 
work means advancement, accuracy in thought means 
a successful life. 

The common result of education, regardless of a 
particular name by which a branch may be called, re- 
solves itself simply into an improvement in judgment. 
In other words, a person's opinion in his chosen call- 
ing becomes of value. It is essential that a respect 
for accuracy should be so incorporated into our men- 
tal fibre, as to be first, rather than second, nature. 

It takes years for the average individual to acquire 
even an approximate idea of the value of things. We 
fritter away our time on trifles. People of very 
decided notions, concerning every trifle of their ex- 
istence, are rarely broadly successful. There should 
be a determination as to what particular thing you 
are called upon to do. Then the work must be done 
thoroughly, promptly and at the sacrifice of trivial 

Uncle Henry described some people whom he had 
always known as " goodish people." They did not 
break the commandments neither did they get excited 
and do things which might cause talk. They were 
too careful to get into any scrapes. " Let other peo- 
ple fight their own battles and get along to the best 
of their ability that's what we do," they said. No one 
approves of the idea of making every quarrel your 
own, but when there are wrongs to be righted, these 
people let their neighbors attend to that; they also 
let their neighbors champion the cause of the weak, 
and those, who strive to make things better, never 
count on them as active helpers. They resemble drift- 
wood, water-soaked, soggy and useless, and nothing 
but divine grace can quicken their dead souls to life. 
Every student of sociology knows that innate physi- 
cal and moral weakness is much harder to overcome 
than the positive acts and effects of strength. It is not 
enough simply to be charitable and help a poor man. 
It should be done in the right way, at the right time,, 
and with the right motive. The pilot at the wheel 
pays attention to tide^ atmosphere, chart and compass. 
All are consulted, in order that be may steer his 
boat into a safe harbor. 

We shall find more thoroughness, more success, 
more purity in the ways and doings of men, when 
they do, whatever task they have, heartily, as unto 
the Lord. It is God's work. Shoddiness and tinker- 
ing could no longer exist, if each one's words to bis 
neighbor would be, " We are working for God." The 
spirit of the builder would no longer be shown in the 
erection of houses fair enough to look at. but unsafe 
to abide in. We would do our work well, each 
minute and unseen part, because we feel that God 
must approve of our day's work. 

Such living and working for God would drive away 
all unhealthy discontent, now lingering with us. ft 
would make us skilled workmen, too, so the army of 
Incompetents should be decreased to that extent. In- 
stead of the musician in the pulpit, or the artist at 
the bookkeeper's desk, each man would find his work, 
and the opportunity to do it. 

There is picturesque pathos in the unsung songs 
and the building that was never built except in the 
mind of the architect, but so often they are left un- 
done because the worker has not learned to make the 
most of what he has. Intelligence in every stroke 
may make the meanest work great. 

"Not in the clamor of the street, 
Not in the shouts and plaudits of the throng, 
But in ourselves are triumph and defeat." 

That was a strange scene in the bedchamber of the 
prophet Elisha, when he was sick and not expected 
to recover. In those last days of his illness, the en- . 
tire nation was concerned about Elisha, One day the 
royal chariot of King Joash stopped at his door and 
Joasb, the King of Israel, came himself to see Elisha. 
We are told that the king, coming close to Elisha, 
wept over his face and said. " t > my father, my father, 
the chariot of tsrael, and the horsemen thereof." 

Elisha had been his guide and counsellor for many 
years. When Israel was at war. Elisha told the king 
where the enemy was located, ami thus the armies of 
Israel were proof against being taken by their enemies 
unawares. The king thinks of all that Elisha has done 
for them and he feels helpless and lost, since Elisha 
is going away. Then Elisha briefly directs the king to 
take bow and arrows and shoot from the window east- 
ward. Then Elisha put his own hands upon the king's 
hands, and he shot, and, I suppose, the arrow flew 
straight, for Elisha said it was the arrow of the Lord's 
deliverance from the Syrians in Aphek— a complete 
deliverance in that case. 

Then Elisha told the king to take the arrow and 
smite upon the ground. This time the prophet did not 
put his hands on the king's hands,— the king had to act 
alone. And oh, the pity of it, he smote thrice and 
stayed. He was weak of will, infirm of purpose, slow 
to understand, or he would have realized that, since 
the first symbol was full of vital significance, this must 
mean even more, and so he must smite with all his 
strength. But no; he took the arrows and smote but 
three times. 

His incompetency aroused even Elisha, for he was 
wroth at the king. Me gave him this short, scathing 
rebuke. "Thou shotlldest have smitten five or six 
times. Then Imdsl thou smitten Syria still thou hadsi 
consumed it, whereas now thou shaft smite Syria but 
thrice." That was his farewell message to the king, an 
assurance of only a partial success. It was a true 
prophecy, for in three battles the King of Israel was 
victorious, and recovered the cities of his fathers. 

We wonder why it was, when Elisha's eyes were 
upon him, eager to see him victorious, that he feebly 
struck but three times and then paused. How anx- 
ious Elisha was to see him smite hard and often, 
but the symbolism held good. The king was weak 
and incompetent, and his lack of purpose and initia- 
tive was revealed by his poor efforts, when left to 
depend on his own resources. 

When you really know what you arc here for, 
and how to take hold to do it, it is grand to live. 
Spend yourself on the work before you, and the 
next task will be easier. 

" it matters not how deep entrenched the wrong, 
How hard the battle goes, the day how long. 
Faint not, fight on I 
Tomorrow comes the song." 
Covington, Ohio. 


Our aid society is now two years old. We are scat- 
tered too much to do what we would like to do, but 
do nut feel discouraged. We do all kinds of sewing. 
We go into homes and do family sewing for $1 per day. 
We also make comforts and garments and prepare sec- 
ond hand clothing. On all occasions each sister fur- 
nishes her own lunch. The spirit of our meetings is 
excellent. 'Some of our sisters, who cannot meet with 
us, remember us with donations of both money and 
clothing. One of our number passed away within the 
last year. — Lydia Bryan, Pearl City, III., Jan. 11. 

The sisters' aid society of the Pleasant View congrega- 
tion was reorganized Dec. 3, with $3.55 in the treasury. 
Paid out during the last six months, $5 to the Okla- 
homa orphanage; $10 to the Denver church; sent two 
sacks of clothing to Kansas City, Mo.; gave $5 to a friend 
at home, who met a loss by fire, also $3 to a brother who 
suffered from the same misfortune; 275 pounds of pro- 
visions to St. Joseph, to help feed the poor on Christ- 
mas, freight charges on same being $1.78; two sacks 
of clothing to Kansas City, Kans., and $10 for those 
who suffered from the destruction of the flood. Sister 
Minnie Rexroad has been elected president; Sister Mary 
Schisler, vice-president; the writer, secretary and treas- 
urer. — Kate Finfrock, Darlow, Kans., Jan. 16, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 30, 1909. 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 

1G to 21 Soutli State Street. Elgin, Illinois